Centre of South Asian Studies


Handlist of Papers - T


(John Guthrie Tait, and his wife, "Annie")

Given by Miss Margaret Tait, daughter of John Guthrie Tait, 1861-1945, (eldest son of Professor P.G. Tait, 1831-1901), Professor of English Literature and Principal of the Central College, Bangalore. Her father's uncle was W.A. Porter, one of the new educationalists appointed by Sir Charles Wood and Principal Cumbaconum College, Madras.

A collection of letters, mainly from Bangalore, mostly written between 1920 and 1941, from various friends, to Miss Tait's mother in Scotland.
In addition there are a few printed booklets, newspaper cuttings, a memoir by Miss M. Tait and an Indian books list.

  1. Letter to John Porter, uncle of Miss M. Tait, from C.B. Clarke, Calcutta, dated 18 January 1865, where he had gone to teach mathematics in University. Largely descriptive: first impressions of country and students.
  2. Letters to Mrs. Tait from a variety of friends in Bangalore, some giving news of station and of Maharajah and Maharani of Mysore, 1922-1937.
  3. From Mrs. McGann and Mrs. Irvine, both attached as friends and advisers to H.H. the Dowager Maharani of Mysore. 1921-50, but largely undated. Letters give domestic and social news of station.
  4. From Miss M.B. Ross Thompson, long resident in Bangalore. 1925-1936.
  5. From Indian servants to Mr. & Mrs. Tait; a few to Tait children. 1920-39.
  6. From the Revd. F.R. Sell, lecturer in Central College Bangalore, author of novels based on Indian history for use in Indian schools. Letters discuss his books and give college and station news. From F.R. Sell's wife, Dora, at home in England with children. Domestic. 1925-1941.
  7. From two successive chaplains of Scots Kirk (St. Andrews) Bangalore. First concerns money left by Mrs. Tait for an endowment fund, second requests information concerning former members of church of Bangalore. 1923-1933.
  8. To Miss M. Tait: two letters from Kathleen Baker from Bangalore; two letters from Mary Hogg from Madras. Domestic and social. 1926-1937.
  9. (A) Four printed booklets:
    • Moments with Modern Musicians - Madame Alice Gomez by F. Klickmann c.1896.
    • Mysore Government Order dated 2 May 1908 on the retirement of Mr. J. Cook from the Service of the State of Mysore as Principal, Central College, Bangalore, since 1882.
    • 'The case against language and rhetoric' by J.G. Tait, M.A. from Madras Christian College Magazine of November 1919.
    • The Late Canon Edward Sell, D.D. 1932.
  10. Newspaper cuttings dated c.1930
  11. 'Memories of Bangalore' - TS memoir (12 pp) by Margaret Tait:
    • Children's parties especially in Bangalore. Description and history of Central College: influence and work of John Cook, (Principal 1892-1908) on College and Bangalore Observatory and in installation of X-ray equipment.
    • Poona murders, 1897.
    • Notes from diaries of J.G. Tait, and J. Cook. Memories of spectacular events and daily life of a child. Cricket in Bangalore 1890-1914.
    • J.G. Tait succeeds J. Cook as Principal of the Central College, 1908. C. Rajagopalachari's opinion of Mr. Tait, and other comments (Rajagopalachari was a pupil of Mr. J.G. Tait).
    • Memories of processions and the elaborate 1918 Armistice celebrations.
        11. List of over 400 Indian books owned by Miss Tait, mainly C20th., but with many C19th. and a few C18th.


    Given by Mr. and Mrs. Phillips Talbot

    India general: 1947

    Copies of two letters addressed to Mr. Walter S. Rogers of the Institute of Current World Affairs in New York written by the donors plus a covering note at the moment of the British transfer of power to the new governments of Pakistan and India, August 1947.

    1. Mr. P. Talbot was reporter to the Chicago Daily News. He describes the Independence celebrations in Karachi and Delhi; difficulties of administrative partitioning; scenes as the Indian Constituent Assembly assumed authority; at Government House in Karachi; the swearing in of Lord Mountbatten as Governor General; the flag raising for the public by Jawarhal Nehru at Kingsway Plaza; scenes in Bombay; his own comment on (a) why the celebrations in Indian cities were so much more vociferous than in Karachi, (b) the cordiality demonstrated towards the British and particularly towards the Mountbattens and (c) the expression of Hindu Muslim cordiality during the Independence. celebrations. 11pp.

    3. Mrs Talbot gives her personal and detailed impressions in both Karachi and Delhi. 7pp.


    Photocopy made through the good offices of Mr. S.F. Bolt.

    'The Burma Story (December 1941 - July 1942)' told by Captain N.S. Tayabji (Indian Navy Retired) recounts the saga of the evacuation of Burma following the Japanese advance into the country in November-December 1941, and the massive bombing raids on Rangoon on 23rd and 25th December 1941. Captain Tayabji, at that time a representative of Tata Oil Mills Company Ltd., 28 years of age, found himself 'catapulted' into the Ministry of Commonwealth Affairs of the Government of India and, with the Government Agent, Mr Hutchings, planned the evacuation of refugees from Rangoon. Later he was ordered to set up refugee camps in Mandalay and to represent the Agent of the Government of India in all matters involving law and order, health clearances, issues of passes along the evacuation route and finally to take charge of the Air Evacuation Scheme.

    The memoir gives a poignant picture of the hardships, illness and tragedy which accompanied the great migration of refugees from Mandalay in Burma to Imphal in Assam, and the devoted work against impossible odds, of the camp administrators, the army, the civil authorities (particularly the D.C. of Imphal) and the few educated and qualified refugees themselves. An incident of particular horror was the Japanese bombing of the camps in Imphal.

    The story closes with the author's onward journey to Calcutta, a refugee himself and finally to Bombay where his application to join the Indian Navy, made in 1934, was at last accepted. 47pp.


    (Mrs. A.W. Taylor)

    Given by Dr. E.T.N. and Mrs. Taylor

    Microfilm No. 48

    • Letters and diary of the wife of the civil surgeon of Manipur: Assam 1936-7; Cachar and Burma 1940-42. Diary of nine-day tour to Ukhrul among Tangkhul Nagas; on tour were Dr. and Mrs. Taylor, the Compounder and the Vaccinator.
    • Detailed list of the kit taken on the tour; daily account of the tour; very vivid description of every day: whom they met; who was treated; the illnesses, pastimes, relations with the Nagas etc.; food eaten; condition of the animals; description of the villages and the country and cultivation; each bungalow they stayed in; notes on Naga history and head-hunting; description of the hospital at Ukhrul. Ends with a description of housekeeping in India and what it entails. Most interesting and amusing with a great deal of detailed observation recorded.
    • Description of a Manipuri festival, 1937.
    • Diary of a tour in Cachar, 1941-42 - round Mahudra, where the River Mupa meets the River Diyung. Mrs. Taylor the first European woman there.
    • Letter from Dr. Taylor to his wife 17 April 1942 from Kalewa, Burma, about preventing cholera among the refugees, and general health management at Kalewa; also about the Japanese advance and military occupation.
    See also Films -TAYLOR


    Given by Dr. Frances Taylor

    TS copy of a personal memoir (unfinished)

    1. The file entitled "All the changing scenes. Part 2. 1927-1934" is of her marriage and life in Persia. (The chapters and pagination are inconsistent). 86pp.
    2. The loose papers (book 3) are of her time in Peshawar from 1934-1938 where her husband, Dr. Geoffrey Taylor, was Civil Surgeon. Mostly family stories, having arrived from Persia in Peshawar, by various means of transport with four children under six years of age. She describes their life there and in the hill station, Nathia Gali, their British friends, the Khyber Pass and various outings. 42pp.


    (Mr. and Mrs. S.G. Taylor)

    Various papers.

    1. 'Bengal: 1942 to the takeover in 1947', by S.G. Taylor, Inspector-General Police, Bengal. Written January 1969. TS 20 pp. (Given by Lady Tegart.) TS 20pp.
    2. 'The terrorist movement in Bengal, 1930-34.' Written March 1969. TS 16 pp.
    3. 'Congress cum terrorist activities in Bengal in Midnapur District in 1930-31' by F.W. Kidd, C.I.E., Indian Police (Retired). Written March 1969. TS 2 pp.
    4. 'Communal tension in Bengal.' TS 5 pp.
    5. 'Murder in East Bengal.' TS 2 pp.
    6. 'Training of the police in Bengal', written for Sir Percival Griffiths' book on the Indian police requested by Sir Percival in 1968 or 1969. TS 10 pp.
    7. '49th Bengal Regiment.' TS 6 pp.
    8. Xerox copy of newspaper cuttings about use of fingerprint identification in Bengal.
    Microfilm No. 24
    • Alpachand shoot 1929; shooting trip to the Dooars February 1929; Gaumara, March 1929.
    • TS copies of letters from Mrs. Taylor in Mymensingh and Baghmara 1932-34, home to England to her family. They are entirely personal and present a picture of family and social life. There is very little about India itself.
    Amongst the letters was a TS copy of a paper addressed to Government on measures to prevent terrorist outrages and movements. The measures are very extreme, and the outcome one of fear. It is not signed, and no date.
    See also BELL PAPERS - File 3



    Given by Lady Tegart

    BOX I

    File 1:

    • Press cuttings on the Chowringhee murder case. (E. Day, shot by Gopi Nath Saha in mistake for Sir Charles Tegart, on 12 January 1924):
    • Cuttings from The Statesman; Forward; The Englishman; The Servant; The Telegraph; The Bengali; Amrita Bazar Patrika; Dainik Basumati; Indian Daily News; Capital; The Mussalman; The Calcutta Homefinder; Weekly Guardian; The Darjeeling Times.
    • Two photographs of Gopi Nath Saha.
    • Letters of congratulation to Sir Charles Tegart on his escape from Prafulla Kumar Biswas; S.K. Sen; H. Hobbs; A.K. Fuzlul Huq; E. O'Brien; Hiralal Maj dar; M. Harley; Prem Nath.
    • Report on newspapers and periodicals in Bengal for week ending Saturday 2 February 1924. pp. 75-95.
    • 2 cuttings of the Bruce case (Bruce was the only European juror in the Gopi Nath Saha trial).
    Files 2 and 2a:
    • Press cuttings on Dalhousie Square case. (Attempted assassination of Sir Charles Tegart on 25 August 1930 by Dr. Narain Roy, Dr. Bhupal Bose, and eight others):
    • Cuttings from The Times; Liberty; Amrita Bazar Patrika; The Statesman; Morning Post; India; Planters Journal and Agriculturist; The Indian Municipality; The D. I. B. Weekly; Provincial Bulletin (Delhi); The Bangalee; The Basumati; Melbourne Herald; Evening News; Evening Standard; Communist Press; Liberty; Advance.
    File 3:
    • Envelope with miscellaneous press cuttings: murder of Lt. Col. N.S. Simpson, shot by Benoy Krishna Bose; photograph of Benoy Krishna Bose; two cuttings on Sir Charles Tegart; TS expenses account 19-30 October 1926.
    BOX II

    File 4:

    • The public resolutions passed after the bomb attempt on Sir Charles Tegart 1930 .
    File 5:
    • Copy of speech by Sir Charles Tegart to the Royal Empire Society on 'Terrorism in India', 1 November 1932.
    • Newspaper cuttings referring to this speech from The Englishman; Times Educational Supplement; Liberty; Amrita Bazar Patrika; The Statesman; The Tribune.
    File 6:
    • Miscellaneous papers to do with the attempted assassination of Sir Charles Tegart 1930. (Judgements, statements etc.)
    File 7:
    • Miscellaneous newspaper cuttings, many about Bakr-Id disturbances, Lord Lytton, the Bengal disturbances, and Sir Charles Tegart's efficiency in the Police Department; from New Statesman; The Bengalee; The Basumati; The Moslem Chronicle; The Englishman; Forward; Capital; Amrita Bazar Patrika; The Times; The Statesman; The New Empire; The Daily Mail; Hansard on the Bengal Ordinance; The Commercial Gazette.
    • Copy of extract from a letter from His Highness the Maharaja of Nepal, to His Excellency the Governor of Bengal, 16 February 1928.
    File 8:
    • Copies of letters (secret) from C.W. Gwynne, Officiating Joint Secretary to the Government of India to the Chief Secretary to the Government of Bengal, September 1923, regarding revolutionary activity in Bengal. (Pre-Bengal Ordinances.)
    • MS report on Sakyendra Nath Guha 14 February 1925 (revolutionary activities.)
    • Secret paper on meeting between Mahatma Gandhi and Sir Charles Tegart on 24 June 1925 about release of prisoners in Bengal. (2 copies) TS 10 pp.
    • Typed note on communal tension and the terrorist movement, the Swaraj Party and the reforms in India by Sir Charles Tegart, in answer to a request from J.G. Forward at the India Office. 18 May 1926. 7 pp.
    • Typed note on policy towards detainees of terrorist organizations in Bengal - n.d. but after March 1927. 10 pp.
    File 9:
    • Judgment: Emperor v. Dr. Narain Roy and others. Confidential. Printed. Signed by H.C. Stork, Ashutosh Ghosh, Adilizzaman Khan. 27 November 1930. 41 pp.
    File 10:
    • 'Revolutionaries of Bengal: their methods and ideals.' Published by Hemantakumar Sarkar, The Indian Book Club, Calcutta, 1923.

    File 11:

    • Secret notes on outrages compiled in 1917 by J.C. Nixon, I.C.S. Vols. I-VI, 1906-15. (In Vol. VI two TS sheets with notes of further cases relating to a date subsequent to 9 October 1918.)
    BOX IV

    File 11 (continued):

    • Vol. VII (1916), Vol. VIII (Index, 1906-1916), and Vol. IX (1917).
    File 12:
    • Memorandum by the Advisory Committee, Bengal, 1918. Sir N.G. Chandavarkar and Justice C.P. Beachcroft. The cases of Detenus under the Defence of India Act and Regulation III of 1918. Calcutta 1918. Note on cover presumably by Sir Charles Tegart - 'Not published'.
    File 13.
    • Report to Government of India from Local Government, on Congress Activities, subsequent to the Irwin-Gandhi agreement; sent by C.A. Turnnidge to Sir Charles Tegart. 51 pp.
    Files 14-16:
    • Annual reports of the police administration of 'the town of Calcutta and its suburbs by C.A. Tegart, for the years 1923, 1928, 1929.
    • Plus, File 17: Sheet of printed information on the general situation (on terrorist activities) by C.E.S. Fairweather. Calcutta, 15 October 1936. Part of a longer report - pp. 543-546.
    • Plus, File 18: Programme of an afternoon party to meet Sir Charles Tegart, 21 February 1926.
    • Newspaper cutting from The Basumati, 14 June 1927, entitled 'Riot scare in Calcutta.'
    Eighty photographs connected with the assassinations and terrorist activities in which Sir Charles Tegart was involved; these are police photographs of victims, murderers, scenes of murder etc. See Photos. (Box 49)

    Book presented:

    Tegart, Kathleen. 'Charles Tegart of the Indian Police.' Revised Edition1976. TS. 316 pp.  (Archive - K1, and also held as Microfilm 80)


    Given by Mr. Hallam Tennyson

    Bengal, Bihar, Bombay, Sikkim, Assam: 1946-1948

    Microfilm, MF 60:

    1.   Three diaries/notebooks for the years 1946-48: Hallam Tennyson, written for his parents:

    • Detailed diary - 28 February-21 June, 1946.
    • Detailed diary of the events from 23 June-29 August, 1946.

    • Notes and draft for novel.
    • Detailed diary: 11 February-3 March, 1948, and 8 April-10 May, 1948.

    • Other miscellaneous notes of a later date.
    2.   Papers written by Hallam and Margot Tennyson from India 1946-48.
    • TS Concentrated Project of the Friends Service Unit in the Basirhat Sub-Division. (Emendations on Programme I, September 1946, in the light of 4 months' work on the Scheme). January 1947.
    • Outline of a social service scheme in two villages in a sub-division. 4pp.
    • Printed analysis sheet (blank) for family case work in social survey.
    • TS copy of Minutes of the Pipha-Raghabpur Staff Meeting held on 10.3.47.

    • Reports of the various social workers, showing reaction to the workers' enquiries and suggestions.
    • TS copy of letter from Margot Tennyson - I June 1947 - to Colin Bell of Far Eastern Desk, American Friends Service Committee, Philadelphia, in reply to his 'Thoughts on the future of the Far East Programme'. The letter sets out the specifically Indian problems in relation to the Friends' social service programmes, and the Unit in Calcutta. 3pp.
    • TS copy of Round Robin letter No. 1 from Margot Tennyson (29 June 1947) at Raghabpur village centre, about her life and work there. 4pp.
    • TS copy of Raghabpur Community Centre plan written about 8 months' work. Aims: Practical implications: education, etc. by Margot Tennyson, 1 July 1947. 4pp.
    • Cyclostyled TS copy of Pipha/Raghabpur Village Centre, Bulletin No.2 August 1947. Covering all aspects of aims and work of the Centre. 10pp. and map.
    • TS copy of First Draft of the book, Social and Economic Survey of 3 Bengal Villages, by Margot Tennyson. 4pp.
    • TS article by Hallam Tennyson: Ramakrishna and Vivekananda through Western Eyes. 4pp.
    • MS of short story. Revolutionaries, by Hallam Tennyson. 20pp.
    3.   Letters from Hallam and Margot Tennyson to his parents when they went to India in 1946 and worked with the Friends Service Unit, until the end of 1947, and up to their departure early in 1948.
    [N.B. The letters are in chronological order within the year of their writing but they were microfilmed in reverse order by year i.e. when viewing the microfilm, 1948 appears first (Jan. to Dec.), followed by 1947, then 1946 and finally 1945. ]


  12. Undated Part of a letter written on the voyage home.
  13. 6 January Description of visiting various Indian friends, and also films. Farewells. Last minute arrangements.
  14. 10 January Leaving Calcutta. Describes Gaya, its architecture and atmosphere.
  15. 11 January Written from Gaya, U.P. More about farewell. Sees Ganguly's collection of Rajput paintings. Description of the temple at Gaya.
  16. 15 January From Benares. Description of the city. Crafts.
  17. 21 January On way to Bombay. Description of Sanchi - to Malad near Bombay again. Trains difficult because of disturbances. Has written report on Indian Pacifist Conference.
  18. 21 January Written at Sanchi Railway Station. Vivid description of Benares - pictorially and atmospherically. Remarks on Quaker missions and principles.
  19. 25 January Description of living in Bombay - Pacifist Congress and members. Some members perturbed at Indian government's policy regarding pacifism, Gandhi only a figure-head. Description of difficult railway journey.
  20. 26 January Personal.
  21. 29 January Resting. Beginning religious studies. A P.S. about the news of Gandhi's assassination.
  22. 31 January About Gandhi's death and what it means personally and to India. Reading Vaishnavite theology / 1 February at same time as New Testament. Remarks on the two works and on their religious attitudes.
  23. 5 February About religious studies and quiet life they are leading.
  24. 8 February Account of Sarojini Naidu's speech on Gandhi's death. Explanation of the Vaishnavite beliefs and other theology
  25. 14 February Explanation of basic tenets of Hindu faith. Contrasts with Christianity. Studying Tantric mysticism.
  26. 14 February Daily life: description of countryside; burial of Gandhi's ashes. Note on the Bhagavad-Gita.
  27. 20 February Personal. Meets Mr. H.L. Wadia, the theosophist.
  28. 23 February Description of Bombay and surrounding countryside and coast. Comments on theosophy. Daily routine and personal spiritual life. Studying Shakti cult.
  29. 28 February Account of quiet meditative life. Hear of their village in Bengal.
  30. 29 February Margot not well. They will return early. Personal. Comments on India as a 'democracy'.
  31. 8 March Arrangements for leaving.
  32. 10 March Personal, before sailing on the 'Atlantis'.
  33. 1947
  34. 6 January Policy committee meetings. Measuring land in village. Difficulties in organization.
  35. 11 January Difficulties in Unit. Beginning to build village. Has trained village worker, and taking trainee medical student. Plans for touring South - Hallam to visit Gandhi.
  36. 19 January Building of quarters and dispensary in full swing.
  37. 24 January Work progressing in village. Staying with Muslim family: their kindness.
  38. 31 January Hallam visiting Calcutta. Visits various work of the units, especially a fishing cooperative. Saraswati puja described. Trying to improve living quarters of staff, and make staff conscious of keeping things tidier and cleaner. Started survey of Raghabpur.
  39. 3 February Has visited Ramakrishna Mission again, and attends celebration for Romain Rolland's 80th birthday. Dr. Kalidas Nag there - describes meeting with him. Very successful poetry meeting - Malayalam recited et al.
  40. 6 February Living in small room in the Muslim household. Personal. At Raghabpur.
  41. 10 February About the village. Type of helpers. Discussion on purdah and what it means. Villagers and 'happiness'. Work of the Unit. Meetings with fishing cooperatives.
  42. 13 February Changes in Unit. Many things to do in the village centre before going on leave.
  43. 14 February (To Miss Cornelia Curle) Describes work of village centre. Describes what they would have liked to have done. Difference between English and Indian feminists. Still ill, and Margot has malaria.
  44. 17 February Personal.
  45. 25 February Personal.
  46. 5 March Both convalescing. Going on holiday to the hills. Mentions young artist, Amrita Sher Gil.
  47. 2 March Still ill. Plans fluid. Personal.
  48. 9 March Plans for going to Kalimpong for holiday. Personal.
  49. 13 March Planning village survey News of village and the kindness and cooperation there.
  50. 18 March Description of journey from Calcutta to Kalimpong hotel. Cold. Go hunting for bargains in bazaar. Very good description of scenery and town. 2pp.
  51. 20 March On holiday. Working on her book. Infant mortality rates. In Kalimpong. Describes proprietor of hotel.
  52. 23 March Personal. Still in hotel. Describes the Scots/Tibetan/Sikkim father of the proprietor - collection of Tibetan paintings. A lama dances for them. Detailed description.
  53. 25 March To forest bungalow.
  54. 28 March In forest bungalow 6,300 feet up. Friendliness of hill people. Description of country.
  55. 2 April Description of quiet daily life.
  56. 4 April Entirely personal about his brother with TS copy.
  57. 6 April Personal. Copy of telegram to Sir Charles Tennyson.
  58. Date Indecipherable Just leaving Gangtok where they had stayed in Residency guest house. (Hopkinson the Resident). They are left alone. Description of beauty of Sikkhim.
  59. 13 April Describes trip to Gangtok to stay at Residency, the country and people. In Calcutta organising first Shakespeare performance on radio to be given by Indian actors.
  60. 16 April. In. the village again. Establishing the women social workers from the Gandhi Kasturbha Trust. A lot of work in village to do.
  61. 20 April Describes work to be done in Calcutta and Shakespeare rehearsals. Personalities of actors.
  62. 24 April Visiting evening classes and description of folk-play. In village. Shakespeare performance goes well.
  63. 26 April Difficulties in getting anything done for building in Calcutta. Afraid for Partition in Bengal and repercussions. Repercussions of Shakespeare performance on radio. Poetry reading very successful Comment on Bengali poetry.
  64. 4 May Working with two women social workers in fishermen's quarters. Digging latrines and encouraging spinning. Unrest beginning to filter through to villages.
  65. 4 May Comments on 'Indianisation'. Different views on proper work of the Unit. Comment on Gandhian economics.
  66. 9 May Conference for field-workers. Reaction of village to cholera injections. Gradual increase of work in villages - agricultural etc.
  67. 12 May Plans for adult education in village. Description of conference. Importance of literary contacts.
  68. 14 May Attitude towards the Unit, and Unit and village work.
  69. 21 May Two performances by Jossimoddin the Muslim poet and his troupe.
  70. 25 May More on work of Unit. Comments on the tension in India at the time. Have had performance of song and dance by Bengali folk troupe. Rains bring work to an end. Trying to link adult literary classes to cooperation, health, etc. Another successful poetry reading.
  71. 28 May Asked to sit on Committee for an All-Indian Conference on Pacifists. In country, working on scheme to use all waste grounds near the house for gardens, to grow more food for poor. Have made beginnings - slow work.
  72. 3 June Personal.
  73. 8 June Future plans for living in religious atmosphere for remaining months after contract. Fears for their villages if Partition comes owing to critical position. Comments on whole idea.
  74. 12 June Personal.
  75. 13 June Making some slow progress in village work. Trouble in fishing cooperatives.
  76. 15 June News from the villages - Fishing cooperative. Comments on Unit. Poetry society flourishing.
  77. 19 June Adult education and aboriginals. Starting dispensary. Giving film show.
  78. 22 June Realise they can just begin social work with experience they have. Fears for future if idea of Pakistan comes into being as Government will not be interested in the road, etc. They are on the borderland. Difficulties in getting village committees because of agricultural commitments.
  79. 28 June Describes her method of teaching in the community and in village work. Daily routine in running the village. Schools, etc. Community life. Describes Gandhian approach to social welfare.
  80. 30 June Feels alienation with British attitudes and life in India. Planning more Shakespeare for All India Radio. Poetry Society.
  81. 1 July Continuing social work. Teaching children crafts. Child marriages.
  82. 8 July Unit difficulties. Medical centre opens as cooperative. Calcutta at bursting point. Meets artist. Poetry society founded.
  83. 13 July Personal.
  84. 19 July No need for worry over them in Calcutta. Domestic notes. Very interested in pottery.
  85. 20 July Feels now completely at home in village life. Description of wedding, particularly sensitive from bride's viewpoint. Feels able to do far more for village now. Cooperative starting well in Pipha.
  86. 22 July Describes a mela.
  87. 24 July Learnt village technique of painting pots. Plans for community centre. Some trouble, rioting and stabbing in Calcutta. Prices rocketing - Majorie Sykes at the Unit.
  88. 30 July Commenting on his and Margot's different adaptability to Bengali life.
  89. 3 August Painting pots with natural dyes - Visitors. Sees birth with Centre's midwife. Reaction of village. Unit plans.
  90. 4 August Results of survey of Raghbapur village beginning to come in. Brief description of groups of people in village, land-tax, etc. The Bunos described. Conference on social work successful.
  91. 8 August Remarks on midwifery and medical centres in Pipha and Raghbapur - difficulties, and with Bengali women workers.
  92. 14 August Meets poet. Midwifery section going. Finished Bengali pamphlet. Going on holiday to island in Hooghley - quite deserted.
  93. 16 August From the island. Independence only from a distance with noises from the shore of rejoicing. Peace on the island.
  94. 18 August Description of the island. Independence passed quietly. Partition has darkened the joy. But incredible joy everywhere. The credit that is due to Gandhi. Estimation of him politically - comment on Lady Mountbatten.
  95. 24 August Medical cooperative has 120 members. Sub-centre and midwifery centre and hospital open in Pipha. Starting a village library.
  96. Intends to go to Bihar to see Basic Education Centre.
  97. 21 August Short letter accompanying the rules of the Calcutta Poetry Society.
  98. 24 August Comments on the communal unity in Calcutta on Independence Day and immediately after.
  99. 29 August Have the bad news from the Punjab - other difficulties.
  100. 1 September Account of trying to persuade the Radhbapur people to join medical cooperative. Violence has started in Calcutta.
  101. 5 September Experiences of violence in Calcutta. Effect of Gandhi's fast felt in three days. More bad news from Punjab. All this makes village work very slow.
  102. 8 September Depressing rain and the riots. Gandhi and the rioting. Comments on the situation in India.
  103. 14 September Members of Unit gone to Punjab at Nehru's invitation Other members living in a badly affected Muslim bustee, doing work of reconciliation.
  104. 15 September Poetry Society successful. Problems in Unit again. Studying religious singing in village with a Brahmin - very difficult.
  105. 19 September Appendix operation probable. News of school. Going to Assam for Government festival of Hill Peoples, dances and songs, etc. West Bengal starting basic education.
  106. 22 September Personal.
  107. 25 September Still waiting to see whether operation is necessary. Kasturba Gandhi National Memorial Trust want to send more village workers to her village scheme. Serious food situation.
  108. 28 September Written from Bihar where studying basic education. Describes Patna - Old and New - goes to Brindapan, a division where there are 27 Basic Schools.
  109. 4 October About health. Plans for proposed religious studies.
  110. 6 October Margot to have operation. Friendliness of Indians with Europeans who mix naturally with them. Meets Professor Ganguly - art historian.
  111. 14 October Difficulties over work of medical programme. Comments on Forster's Passage to India. More about Basic Education Schools.
  112. 14 October Personal.
  113. 23 October Personal.
  114. 22 October Describes his life style in the village. Personal.
  115. 27 October Margot progressing well. Hallam gives party for Independence to field-workers on the river
  116. 30 October Personal.
  117. 2 November Difficulty of being fully absorbed into India. Village plans.
  118. 5 November Personal.
  119. 9 November Meets wife of I.A.S. in Assam. Views on British. Charming description of shopping in Calcutta - counterbalanced by description of corruption, unreliability, etc.
  120. 12 November From Bombay - visit Portuguese fishing village. Description of Diwali in Bombay.
  121. 17 November Working hard on the hand-over to the couple taking their place. Describes work.
  122. 21 November Personal. Describes friends' flat - full of art treasures.
  123. 24 November Difficulties in the medical centre.
  124. 28 November In Bombay. Remarks on art.
  125. 4 December Personal, but about Indian atmosphere and life
  126. 5 December Fundamental disbelief in work of Unit.
  127. 11 December Winding up work. Written report on the two surveys. Met the Swamiji of Ramakrishna Ashram in Himalayas where they hope to go.
  128. 17 December Not going to Himalayas, but to Bombay. Other plans. Trying to finish work before handing over. His own adaptation to Indian life. '
  129. 19 December Personal
  130. 25 December Very sad farewell to villages
  131. 26 December Impressed by high-up Indian officials. Entertain Horace Alexander. Describes the sadness of leaving the villages. Details of Staff troubles. Describes Christmas.
  132. 28 December. Personal.
  133. 29 December Personal.
  134. 31 December Personal, about arrangements for leaving Calcutta.
  135. 1946
  136. 6 January Personal.
  137. n.d. Letter from Hallam to Margot: First day of voyage out with friends. Continued personal. 16pp.
  138. (Date torn off with stamp, but before Port Said). Friends made on voyage. Segregation of Indians for eating.
  139. (Date torn off with stamp but after Port Said). Result of protest at discrimination. Nearly at Bombay.
  140. (Date torn off with stamp, but after arriving in Bombay). On arrival go to Church of Scotland mission. First impressions of Bombay. Description of block of flats near to the mills.
  141. 28 March Has been on visit to Bombay. Describes visit to temple for first time. Also old city. Congress supporter's house. To go to a village for language, etc. for three months.
  142. 30 march Have been at Juhu. About to go to Port Canning. Are going to a school run on Gandhian lines.
  143. 8 April Difficulty for her in adjusting to Indian village life. They have to make a recommendation to District Officer about recruitment of more labour to build anti-flood dams.
  144. 13 April About political situation re possible partition. Difficulties of starting work in village. About their life in village and Indian life in general.
  145. 16 April Has visited a woman living next door. A success, and the consequences with others successful. Traditional way of life and plight of women.
  146. 19 April Making their first home. Plans for future: want to stay in the village. Visits the Jain temples - comments on architecture. Their daily life in the school and village. Friend who was a monk now student of comparative religion.
  147. 22 April Visiting houses in the village, talking to women: poverty and illness; friendliness.
  148. 26 April Working in flooded village. Exclusiveness of Bihari family. Explanation of the worship of Kali.
  149. 4 May In Calcutta. Attend Tagore dance-drama - very beautiful. Explanation of dances. Notes on Ramakrishna and his followers.
  150. 18 May Description of typical frustrations taken .calmly. Other festivities attended. Hindu attitudes. Religious revival in Bengal: assessment of Vivekenanda.
  151. 19 May Daily routine at Canning: Hindu ideas of cleanliness. Work at the Friends' Service Unit giving Government money to flood victims very wearing. Unfortunate visit to Ramakrishna's temple. Mentions Cabinet mission and withdrawal of British power.
  152. 24 May Description of child marriage ceremony, attended.
  153. 25 May More reflections on distribution of money, description of methods and comments.
  154. 30 May Future plans discussed.
  155. 31 May Explanation of Hindu popular cults, and basic tenets.
  156. 7 June Hallam has been ill. Margot organizes school outing, a description of it and the interest it arouses.
  157. 9 June Little news. Example of corruption in their work. Go to village festival in honour of goddess of sickness. Hoping to hear Congress has accepted the Cabinet Mission's proposals.
  158. 12 June Future work uncertain. Feeling lack of contact with educated Indians. Difficulty in distributing money in monsoon.
  159. 16 June Criticism of F.S.U. Attend another Forest goddess festival. Entertained in a wealthy Indian house. Tours flooded areas with the Governor of Bengal. Comments on Congress' refusal the Cabinet Mission's proposal.
  160. 19 June Closing down flood relief work. Visits with Indian friends, attempts to break down purdah.
  161. 23 June Asked by the F.S.U. to start entirely new 'model' scheme in a Bengal village - to build up via a model school, surveys and contacts, health service, agricultural cooperative. Opening up of intellectual life in Calcutta.
  162. 30 June More news of village scheme. Description of their friends and being entertained.
  163. 7 July Thoughts on helping underdeveloped countries, and also in new model village to be centred round community centre. Smoothing out cross-purposes in the F.S.U. about the scheme for the village. Leave Canning.
  164. 10 July More of future plans, and daily events. Possibility of Brama Samaj taking over slum work..
  165. 14 July Lunches with English business magnate. Attends Service at Brahma Samaj. Visits Thieves' Market, and Friends' Unit industrial centre for weaving. Cost of Unit.
  166. 20 July Have been in Master Takhur's ashram: to find God in living world. Going to train further at Wardha.
  167. 21 July More about the ashram, and Takhur: Also going to Santiniketan, Tagore's International University.
  168. 24 July Looking for a site near Barsirhat for 'model' scheme. Pro's and cons of various sites.
  169. 28 July Difficulties in choosing site. Discussions - Preliminary farm plans. Effect of Indian life and religious atmosphere on them.
  170. 1 August Plans for Settlement going ahead. Grant towards road. Kindness of people. Plans for buildings.
  171. 4 August Plans going ahead for settlement, description of proposed buildings. Meal in Moslem house. Communal tension in Barsirhat and not in villages.
  172. 5 August Hold first poetry reading. Great success. Plans for its future. Work of the Unit and its difficulties. Gandhi and Muslim League. Margot running spinning class.
  173. 9 August At Tagore's University, Santiniketan, on the anniversary of his death. Description of the day, including charming tree-planting ceremony. See Tagore's paintings: comments.
  174. 12 August Further description. and comments on Santiniketan and Tagore's aims and theories, their success and failure. Comments on atmosphere and surroundings. See village work.
  175. 16 August Describes visit to one of F.S.U.'s community centres. Comments on increase in their work, and lack of initiative in practical work by Indians, and no training for it.
  176. 19 August Experience the rioting in Calcutta. Very brief description as they are both working in rescue operations.
  177. Undated Half a letter about visit to Gandhi. Meet him at Muslim house. His attitude to Pakistan. After prayers he makes usual speech attacking purdah, and speaks on emancipation. Description of his daily routine - comments on obstructions to his mission. H. and M. go a walk with him in evening. Consideration of Gandhi's greatness. Visit a woman doctor to discuss midwifery centre; poetry group; proposals for putting Shakespeare on the radio.
  178. 25 August Very detailed description, Wardha and meeting with Gandhi. Meet the people engaged in the basic educational programme: comments. Calcutta
  179. 30 August Comments on the effect of Wardha. Calcutta
  180. 31 August Comments on the political situation in India, especially concept of Pakistan. Brief description of Sevagram, and Gandhian economics.
  181. 9 September Personal, and comments on film. Plans for the settlement.
  182. 16 September Recovering from illness. Personal.
  183. 7 September More plans for building and organizing the settlement.
  184. 12 September In Barsihat before settling in Raghabpur where settlement will be. Small details of life, including remarks on tension in Calcutta.
  185. 19 September Floods. Hallam recovering. Going to Puri.
  186. 22 September Recovering still. Margot not well. Personal thoughts and reflections on literature and European politics.
  187. 27 September Recovering slowly. Puri trip delayed. Reflections on literature read.
  188. 30 September Still delays in departure owing illness. Shopping upset by riots in Calcutta. Search for folk pottery, etc. Communal feeling spreading out to villages, and the difficulties this places on settlement scheme.
  189. 4 October On holiday, by the sea at Puri. Description of daily life, and of a Durga puja. Recuperating.
  190. 7 October Description of Puri, and of characteristic art forms of area. Reaction of English in hotel to 'sdhoti at dinner.
  191. 12 October Further description of Durga. Festival at Juggernath Temple.
  192. 13 October Have visited caves near Puri. Other odd details about life in Puri.
  193. 18 October Have just arrived in pouring rain at village, Raghabpur. Living in dispensary. Starting fortnightly poetry group in Calcutta. Kali Puja coming. Reading books on Yoga by Vivekananda.
  194. 20 October Unseasonable pouring rain. Unsuitability of the building for dispensary. Attitude of the village people detailed. Remarks about Indian politics - thinks civil war cannot be averted.
  195. 30 October More of the Divali Festival described in the following letter.
  196. 25 October For Kali Puja at Ramakrishna Mission in Calcutta. Communal situation worsening in Calcutta. Raghabpur still untouched 50-50 Hindu-Muslim population. Attend the religious celebration at the Ramakrishna Centre for eight hours and begin to understand the Energy principle embodied in Kali.
  197. 31 October Shops, offices etc. closed due to renewed rioting in the town.
  198. 1 November Description of life in dispensary. Making a garden. The sunrise and sunsets. Have got permission for a sand road. Notes on international politics: the English theatre.
  199. 3 November Have begun touring the villages, welcomed everywhere, making survey. Remarks on the people & and work. Personal.
  200. 8 November Been planting vegetable garden. Having difficulty with land. Plays in football match with village. Ends with passage on the seriousness of the situation.
  201. 13 November Meet American members of F.S.U.. Negro couple. Meet the Calcutta Swamiji of the Ramakrishna Mission and discuss religious studies with him. Starting to study Islam. Finish the survey of the villages. Getting data about women and children abducted in riotous areas of East Bengal.
  202. 17 November Scheme at standstill owing to no land available at reasonable price, and money for road fallen through. They don't really believe in the scheme. Better filling in gaps. Not enough time.
  203. 21 November Rain again - upsetting plans. Describes preparations with whole village for visitors. Personal.
  204. 28 November Getting drugs for dispensary. Other welfare plans going ahead. May go to All India Women's Conference in C.P.
  205. 6 December Leaving village until land can be obtained reasonably. Doctor and Indian member staying. Meet Mr. Singha who started craft work in Tagore's university and Sevagram, and is now in Assam at Gandhi's suggestion.
  206. 9 December Have started making friends and meeting people outside the Unit. Popularity of the poetry society. Reaching wide audience. Decision on their new work. Margot's social work in slums. Hallam: Calcutta work on village scheme. Hopes to get Gandhian worker to help. Leaving village with farewell speech and explanations.
  207. 13 December Description of farewell meeting. Land offers pour in and then evaporate. Opinion that only way for scheme to develop is very slowly from within - the Gandhian way. Personal.
  208. 15 December President of Kasturba Gandhi Memorial Trust enthusiastic about helping the scheme. Go to an exhibition, Art in Industry. Meet a man who organized scheme. Long comment on Indian mentality and outlook compared with English. Fate of traditional art in India.
  209. 21 December Free land has been offered for the scheme. Evening with sita and tobbla players.
  210. 23 December Discussion of situation in Unit. Responsibilities and work. Indians and Europeans. Their inability to see how much work and responsibility could be taken by Indians in Unit. Necessity of different approach and great patience.
  211. 26 December Description of Christmas. Attend Ramakrishna Mission celebration of the Nativity - very charming. Go to an enormous private collection of Rajput art.
  212. 29 December Opening dispensary Raghabpur (Margot at Conference). Indian workers will run dispensary. Describes midnight service at Cathedral. Going to two of Tagore's nieces for reading practice in Bengali. Description of them. About the scheme and its progress.
  213. 31 December Margot starts to write from and about the All India Women's Conference at Akola (Central Provinces) and concludes it in Calcutta on 4 January 1947, describing the sculptures and frescoes she saw on a trip to the Ajanta caves.
  214. 4.   Letters from Hallam Tennyson to his parents when he was taking part in refugee work in Italy, 1945.


    • 25 February Personal. From Italy.
    • 8 March Personal and about Jewish refugees in Italy and Yugoslavia.
    • 18 March Personal
    • 3 April Personal: on relief work.
    • 17 April Personal.
    • 29 April Personal: about discovery of concentration camps.
    • 18 June Personal: about rebuilding Italian villages.
    • 24 July Personal: mentions 'India Project'.


    Given by R.R. Tewson. A tea-planter in South India c. 1937-67.

    In his typescript memoir 'The Carefree Days of Planting', Mr Tewson gives a frank account of his life as a planter. The memoir begins in 1933 when Tewson started as a junior in the London office of a Glasgow firm of East India merchants. It continues with his journey to India and describes the facilities the company made available as well as relating in some detail social life and leisure activities. Tewson joined the local Auxiliary Force and explains what this involved.
    At the outset of the second World War, Tewson enrolled with the Mountain Artillery Training Centre at Kakul. Postings took him with Indian forces to Aden, Italian Somaliland, Kenya, Abyssinia, Palestine, the N.W. Frontier fighting the Faqir of Ipi and Arakan. In the later stages of the War he helped with information work in East Anglia and the United States and assisted in the re-occupation of the Rhineland.
    After demobilization, Tewson resumed life as a planter - carrying over some lessons from Army days in his treatment of the workforce. He was made manager of a very large estate where he made considerable improvements. However, independence soon took place and Tewson found he must operate in different circumstances. He experienced the growth of communism in Kerala and ultimately had to work under a communist government. Eventually he was made redundant and he describes his feelings on leaving India.
    The memoir concludes with a description of the jobs Mr. Tewson has held since his return to Britain. 26pp.


    Given by Mrs. T. and Miss T.M. Thatcher

    History of the 4/10 Baluchistan Regiment in the First World War. File containing extracts from letters, memoranda etc.

    1. Part of a letter 14 February 1934 to (Colonel) Crick about the past events in the Baluch Regt.
    2. TS Recollections of former days in the 4/10 Baluchis (D.C.O.) (about the 1870s-1890s) signed G.R.V.  4pp.
    3. TS Interview with Hony. Subadar Lashkari Khan, late of the 129th (D.C.O.) Baluchis, 11 April 1936. Kashkari Khan born 1858 served with the Regt. 1875-1902, and again in the First War.  6pp.
    4. Short bibliography of history of Native Army.  (18 items).
    5. a & b. Misc. notes and map.
    6. MS Reminiscences of the Regt. by W.N.Hay, 12 July 1936, who joined the Regt. in 1893 when O'Moore Creagh was Commanding.
    7. TS Report on the operations in the Kibata area from 6 Dec.-20 Dec.1916 inclusive, by Brigadier General J.A.Hannyngton, Commanding 3rd East African Brigade.  9pp.
    8. TS Diary of events - Action at Kibata. From a diary lent to W.S.Thatcher by Lt. Col. H.Hulsberg D.S.O.  9pp.
    9. TS Extract from a letter describing the march of a detachment from Kitambi (?) to Nigarambi Chini (?) about 11 April 1917 by Major A.C.Gover.  10pp. map.
    10. TS Extracts from letters from Lt. Col. H.V.Lewis of the 3/18th R. Garhwar Rifles, Kohat, N.W.F.P. 1914 -1916.  27pp.
    11. MS Account of the end of the 1918 War and the return of the Regt. to Karachi, and the subsequent events.  7pp.
    12. MS Account of the Regt's. military operations in Chaman-Spin Baldak, May 1919.  17pp.
    13. TS Letter from Major A.C. Gover to W.S.Thatcher, no date, commenting on parts of the MSS of the book.  3pp.
    14. TS Extracts from a private letter from MacIvor dated Kilwa, 28 January 1917, about the Regt. having been in the heaviest scrapping so far and mentioning the part played by W.S. Thatcher.  1pp.
    15. MS List of Indian Officers who served with the Regt. during the War.  3pp.
    16. MS List of casualties in Flanders: drafts etc.  2pp.
    17. MS List of drafts received and casualties incurred in East Africa.  3pp.
    18. MS Account of the action at Nanyati Kilwa District, German East Africa, 5 August 1917 by Lt. Col. G.V.Dreyer, R.A. Commanding 16th Field Brigade. Written Srinagar 16 June 1930.  6pp.
    19. MS Letter from Col. R.C.Woodward saying he encloses typed copies of his letters about the East African Campaign in 1917, and in this letter he amplifies them to some extent.  7pp.  n.d.
    20. Unsigned, undated MS "Supplement to Diary" of the E. African Campaign, Sept./Nov. (1917?)  8pp.
    21. MS Letter, 15 May 1931, and long typed letter from C.M.D. Palin describing his version of the "Nanyati Affair". August 1917.  7pp.
    22. Single sheet MS signed F.G. "Notes for Regtl. Records of the 129th D.C.O. Baluchis" and relating to the first days of World War I.
    23. TS Operations of No.2 Column, Hanforce, during September 1917.  6pp.
    24. TS Papers from the diary of Lt. Col. Phillips, 22 Dec.1916 - 19 Jan.1917. Kibata - Mwengi - The Ridge - account of W.S.Thatcher being wounded in action.  8pp.
    25. TS Extracts from East African letters: by Major A.C. Gower.  3pp.
    26. Mtumbei Juu. TS Report on Operations 13 - 16 Dec. inclusive, 23 Dec.1916 by Lt. General R.C. Rose, Commanding Gold Coast Regt.  5pp.
    27. 12 maps of German East Africa. See "Maps".
    Photograph of the bungalow in Agra which W.S. Thatcher shared from the years 1912-1914 when he was a lecturer at the Agra College. Attached is a plan of his part of the bungalow, showing as well as the lay-out of rooms, the position of the furniture.
    See also photos: Box 49 and A130.
    Also: "British Women in India" by Mary Thatcher, daughter of W.S. Thatcher.


    Thom, W.S. - Burma Police Service, 1887-1926. His uncle, Col. David Sinclair, was Inspector of Jails & Hospitals, Rangoon, circa 1885, and his brother-in-law, R.M.Aldworth, was a mine owner in Taunggyi, Southern Shan States, Upper Burma.

    Memoir, written in his 80s, mostly about game hunting in Burma:

    Preface, 8pp.
    Ch.1. Elephants and elephant shooting, 26pp.
    Ch.2. Tiger shooting, 43pp.
    Ch.3. Some dacoit hunting days and other reminiscences, 1887-1948, 20pp.
    Ch.4. Gaus or bison shooting in Burma, 26pp.
    Ch.5. The Malay tapir, 7pp.
    Ch.6. Rhinoceros shooting, 42pp.
    Ch.7. The Malayan or Burmese Sambar, 17pp.
    Ch.8. Leopard shooting in Burma, the black, the ordinary, and the clouded leopard and the panther, 13pp.
    Ch.9. Other Burmese jungle animals, 12pp.
    Ch.10. Administration of The Hill District of the Arakan Hill Tracts of Burma from 15Sept.1906 to 26May 1926, with a few digressions on poisonous snakes, wild dogs, etc. 37pp.

    See also Photographs: 30 photos (Box 50).


    Given by Miss Amy Thompson

    1. Volume of newspaper cuttings 1 March 1881-28 July 1881. Various subjects relating to India. MS - cost of building a bungalow at Bangalore, by R.W. Thompson. Cuttings from The Bangalore Gazette 1 July - 5 December 1882.
    2. Church of England Parochial Magazine. Vol. 1, No. 10. May 1890. Caxton Press, Bangalore.
    3. Commission appointing Thomas Haughton as captain in the Madras Volunteer Guard, 1850.
    4. Commission appointing Thomas Haughton as major, 1863.
    5. Two photographs.


    (Sir Herbert Thompson)

    Album of photographs of India and the East, c. 1880. (Box A131)


    (Dr. David Thomson)

    Papers lent by Professor A.M. Thomson

    1. TS extract from a tape-recording made by Dr. David Thomson in Aberdeen in 1959 (when he was 80). Interviewed, transcribed and edited  by his son, A.M.Thomson.
    2. Xerox copy of Dr. Thomson's CV and references for his appointment to Professor of Chemistry, Cotton College, Gauhati, Assam.
    Microfilm No. 21 (last 1/3rd)
    • Journal kept by Dr. Thomson 11 March 1911-1923, in Assam. Daily happenings; students; servants; Hindu customs and caste system; lectures; fireflies; scholarships; some copies of letters to and from Dr. Thomson.
    • Principal's diary, Murarichand College, Sylhet 12 November 1923 - 5 January 1926. ' College affairs.
    • Draft of inaugural address to Murarichand College, 21 November 1923.
    • Draft of address to staff and students, Cotton College, on the second anniversary of World War I, 4 August 1916.
    • Letters to and from Dr. Thomson regarding his registration as an officer in the Indian army, February 1915 - April 1918.


    Given by Mrs. E. Tierney

    Madras; Bombay: 1892

    Xerox copies of letters from James McNeill, I.C.S. (1890-1915) in India. 64pp.

    1. Ingalgi (sic) 27 February 1892 - written on Cicle Inspection, to his brother John, in Ireland. Muslim fair; shooting at Hosur. Gives summary of day's inspection work and describes exactly what is meant by visiting a village. Comments on Indians, ryots in particular: on language pronunciation; on memsahibs; attitudes towards Indians; strong comments against Goanese, Portuguese and R.C.s. Describes counting the Treasury at Dharwar.
    2. First four pages missing: n.d. - to his parent(s). Comments on intermarriage of Indians and English. Comments on religious attitudes. Discourse on Parsees. His territory is in Bombay Presidency near Savanur. Gives detailed description and draws diagrams of his tents used on tours.
    3. Dharwar, 26 April 1892 - to "Charlie". Servants have cholera and he has it slightly. Personal.


    Given by Mr J.E. 'Hamish' Tod

    Entered Malayan Civil Service 1940. After Second World War worked in Malayan Education Department and in North Borneo.

    Typescript memoir: 'I passed by "Three Pagodas": the March to the Death Railway in Siam' by J.E. Tod. Written after the author's repatriation to Britain in September 1945. ['Three Pagodas' is the name of the Pass between Thailand and Burma.] 146pp.
    The memoir gives an account of the march and hardships suffered by 7,000 Prisoners of War - half of them Australian and half British - when they were sent in April 1942 from Changi Prison, Singapore to work on the Bangkok-Rangoon railway being constructed by the Japanese with forced labour. The prisoners' final camp in Thailand, Neike, was closed by the Japanese on June 15th, 1942 and the few remaining P.O.Ws. fit enough to travel were sent to Burma. The manuscript ends abruptly, before the completion of the account of the journey to Burma.
    There are graphic descriptions of the inhumane treatment received by prisoners from Japanese guards and officers during their enforced captivity and labour. Observations and reflections on the psychology and unpredictable behaviour of the Japanese feature in the account.
    The author was a member of the Singapore Volunteers.


    (Mrs. E. Tonkinson)

    See Photographs:

    Eight photographs of Burma Labour Corps raised in 1917. (Box 50)

    Also: photocopy of two photographs of the Burmese Royal Barge prepared for the Viceregal visit, 1928. (Box 50)


    (Sir Richard Tottenham)


    Microfilm No. 1(first half)

    Book I:

    • Ch.1. Voyage to India 1914.
    • Ch.2. Madras, calling etc., social life.
    • Ch.3. Coimbatore as Assistant Collector 1915; Government organization; training with his first D.O.; escorts the Governor, Lord Pentland on inspection tour; annual stock-taking.
    • Ch.4. Recreations and diversions.
    • Ch.5. Training in survey and land settlement at Madura.
    • Ch.6. Sub-collector of the Pollachi Division of the Coimbatore district; comment on lack of personal contact between the Government and leaders of Congress.
    • Ch.7. Assistant Resident Travancore and Cochin; life in Government circles, Trivandrum.
    • Ch.8. Cliques Tuticorin; Ireland 1920.
    • Ch.9. Madras 1921-1924, as Private Secretary to Lord Willingdon for a month; Under Secretary in the Public Department in Madras; description of Ootamacund; Annie Besant in Madras.
    • Ch.10. Description of Public Department Madras; the Prince of Wales' visit in 1922; under Lord Reading's sponsorship considered by most ill-timed; personal opinion of the visit; Moplah rebellion begun 1921 - description and comments; Moplah train tragedy.
    Book II:
    • Ch.11. Delhi and Simla 1924-25. Transferred on special duty in the Army Department of the Government to look into the questions of Cantonment lands; description Simla life and Delhi life; his work.
    • Ch.12. 1926-46. Works in Secretariat, first as Deputy Secretary Army Department; 1930 secretary to the Indian Delegation to the Imperial Conference; 1932 secretary is the Army Department, later Defence Department; 1937 adviser on defence to the Indian Delegation to the Imperial Conference; 1939-45 Home Department of Government of India.
    • Ch.13. Work of the Imperial Conference described.
    • Ch.14. Army or Defence Department work described 1932-37. Bill converting Royal Indian Maritime into Royal Indian Navy.
    • Ch.15. The Legislative Assembly: defence forces always a favourite for attack; budgets; Indian members; debate on the Quetta earthquake.
    • Ch.16. President of the Council of State in the small Jat State of Bharatpur - the Maharaja; the Maharaja of Dholpur.
    • Ch.17. The Home Department: political movements; internal security; press relations; the Intelligence Bureau; police and jails. Comments on the Indian National Congress, its leader Mahatma Gandhi, and their attitude to the war; measures taken against them; publication of 'Congress responsibility for the disturbances 1942-43'; 'The Forward Bloc' (Bose brothers); the Indian National Army; Congress Socialist Party; controversy over central and provincial control; police and jails; the Andaman Islands during the war.
    • Ch.18. Reorganization of the Government of India, November 1945 - April 1946. (not to do with political or constitutional changes). Independence.
    • Ch.19. Viceroys and commanders-in-chief: Lord Willingdon, Lord Linlithgow, Lord Wavell, Field Marshall Sir William Birdwood, Field Marshall Sir Philip Chetwode.
    • Ch.20. Other personalities: Sir Ernest Burdon, Army Secretary; Gerard Mackworth Young, Army Secretary; Sir James Grigg, Finance Member 1934-39; Sir Alan Parsons, Financial Commissioner to the Railway Board; Sir Bertrand Glancy, Political Department, eventually Governor of the Punjab; Sir Maurice Hallett, Home Secretary; Sir Reginald Maxwell, Home Member; M.A. Jinnah; Sri Prakasa; General Sir Kenneth Wigram; Field Marshall Lord Gort.
    • Ch.21. Sir Alexander Robert Loftus Tottenham (his cousin) 1897-1946. A brief biography, which gives a good picture of a Government officer's life.
    • Ch.22. Delhi shooting (game).
    Book III:
    • Ch.23. Bharatpur shooting (game).
    • Ch.24. Conclusion: after Independence; war graves; attitude towards Indians clarified and justified; the climatic problem of India; thoughts on race and colour.
    Books presented to the Library of the Centre of South Asian Studies:
    1. Hitchcock, R.H. History of the Malabar rebellion, 1921. Madras, 1925.
    2. Tottenham, Sir Richard. The Mapilla rebellion, 1921-2. Madras, 1922.
    3. Tottenham, Sir Richard. Report on the reorganisation of the Central government, 1945-6. New Delhi, 1946.


    Given by Mrs. E.Trotter

    Gilgit, mid-1930s.

    Photos collection (see Photos) of 65 general + 13 aerial, plus:-
    Photocopy of note from Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia Command Headquarters, 2nd. Dec.1945, to Lt. Col. J.G.Trotter, Officer Commanding 1 Kumaon, Saigon.


    Book presented on indefinite loan by Mr. C.I.Turcan:

    TS Bound photocopy of History of Bengal Coal Co. Ltd. India's oldest and largest coal company, from 1774 to 1940. 158 pp.


    (George Turnbull)

    Given by Miss M.K. Turnbull

    Diaries of a Civil Engineer, East India Railway:

    • Twelve diaries kept by George Turnbull from 1851 to 1863 (1855 missing); entries about work, people travelling etc. while at Serampore and Calcutta; 1863 from London.
    • Three small notebooks, 10 October 1850 - 18 February 1851; 1 November 1852-16 January 1853; and 15 March 1854-7 January 1855: notes on people; his work with some engineering sketches; travelling etc.
    Book presented: Turnbull, George. Autobiography 1809-78. London, 1893.


    Given by Mrs Beatrice M. Coates (nee Turner).

    1. Memoir, 'Life was like that: the anguish of a colonial-born child', covering the years from her birth in Ceylon in 1926 to her emigration to New Zealand in 1954.

    2. Beatrice Turner was born in 1926. In that year her father, Arthur Turner, was appointed Secretary of the Planters' Association and because of the new job the family moved to a new home on a tea estate just outside Kandy. The Mount Pleasant house had no electricity or piped hot water. An unmarried aunt arrived from England to act as nanny. It was a lonely childhood in that Beatrice had little contact with other children. However her parents led a busy social life. Some of her early memories are of visiting her family in England and Scotland during a home leave (six months every four years) in 1930.

      On their return to Ceylon they moved to Ellagalla, a rubber estate even nearer to Kandy. This bungalow had its own generator which made a considerable improvement in their lives. There are detailed descriptions of domestic life, lessons and visits to neighbouring estates. Visitors came from all over the tea growing area to Ellagalla on Planters' Association business. The Temple elephants were given their daily bath in the Mahawelliganga at the Katugasota bridge. In August the glittering Perahera parade took place in Kandy. Parties, visits to the cinema, sports, parades for various anniversaries were all part of their pre-war colonial life. The Turner family went on fishing holidays to Nuwara Eliya or Hakgalla and there were expeditions to the Botanical Gardens at Peradeniya and a memorable climb at Sigiriya with its frescoes and fifth century fortress. In 1934 Beatrice with her mother left Ceylon to start school in England. The 1939-1945 war intervened and Beatrice did not return.

      The final two thirds of the memoir are concerned with her school days, first at an Anglo-Catholic convent and later at Headington School in Oxford. In 1944 she joined the WRNS, serving at several different locations in England and Scotland. In 1947 she left the WRNS and trained as a radiographer. In 1954 she emigrated to New Zealand. Her father retired from the Planters' Association in 1944 and returned to England, to the village of Wickwar in the South-West Midlands. 143pp Bound.

    3. The hundred best views of Ceylon from photographs taken by the publishers. Colombo: Plate Ltd. [-1920].
    Miscellaneous illustrations cut from The Times of Ceylon, Christmas numbers, 1930-34.

    13 loose photographs relevant to 'Life was like that'.


    Papers, photos, and audio tape on the Indian printing industry, 1920-29, and British civilian life in India, 1920-46, donated by Mr. E.L.Turner.

    1. 9pp. Memoir of his life in Bombay
    2. 24pp. Transcript of audio tape, made with Raj Chandavarkar in 1982, mainly about life in the printing industry in India.
    3. 1pp. Extract from letter to The Centre clarifying some points arising from the tape.
    4. 1pp. Extract from letter to The Centre introducing additional material and explaining the complacency towards the future of the British Raj.
    5. 1pp. Sir Frederick Stone
    6. 1pp. The Bombay Light Motor Patrol; 1921-29
    7. 5pp. More on the printing industry, Bombay; 1920-45 (The Times of India Printing Works)
    See also Photos and Audio Tapes.


    Given by Mr. R. Palmer

    Assam 1887-97

    Notes by J.W.Tweedie concerning the early days of the Jaipur Tea Estates Ltd. 3pp. Further papers relating to Mr Tweedie are found in the Palmer, R. Collection


    (Sir Henry Twynam, K.C.S.I., C.S.I.)

    Given by Mrs. P. Hatchwell and Sir Arthur Dash

    1809-78. London, 1893.

    1. 'Journey through Tibet': diary written by Sir Henry Twynam, 5-15 October 1929, while marching from Darjeeling to Phari Dzong and back. Members of the party were Lady Twynam, and Sir Arthur and Lady Dash. TS 15 pp. (Given by Sir Arthur Dash.)
    2. 'The Maharaja's image - or a study of His Highness the late Maharaja of Cooch-Behar, Sir Jitendra Narayan Bhup Bahadur, K.I.S.I.' Photocopied TS 51 pp. (Written after Sir Henry Twynam had been the Vice-President of the Cooch-Behar State Council, 1920-24).
    3. Restricted Note on Sir John Anderson, Viscount Waverley. 4 pp.
    Microfilm No. 28
    Restricted 'Golden years and times of stress: autobiography of Sir Henry Twynam.' Covers years 1910-1946.


    Given by Mrs F. Buchanan

    Kashmir: 1913-1929

    Five Booklets: Log Books of the Church Mission School, known as 'The Tyndale-Biscoe School' Kashmir. All are illustrated with photographs.

    1. Jerry Building in Kashmir 1913
    2. Rock Shifting in Kashmir 1916
    3. Forging Up-Stream in Kashmir 1917
    4. Lake and River Scouts in Kashmir 1926
    5. Grinding Grit into Kashmir 1929