U.P., Kathiawar, Chinese Turkestan. 1934 – 1937.
Letters II.5 – II.196: 4 October 1933 to 4 April 1937:
|2.5||• 4.10.33 Lucknow. Arrives Bombay. Customs, a Revolver Licence. Uncomfortable journey to Lucknow. Receives telegram appointing. him to the Political Department. His servant Napoleon joins him.|
|2.6||• 6.10.1933. Lucknow. New posting is to Rajkot. He plans to leave on 10 October.|
|2.7||• 7.10.1933. Lucknow. Posting deferred. Temporarily employed in Lucknow.|
|2.8||• 8.10.1933. Lucknow. H.A.N.B. to work as Personal Assistant to Monro, the Deputy Commissioner.|
|2.9||• 13.10.1933. Posting to Political now expected at end of November or early in the New Year. Work at Court on bye-law cases, infringement of traffic rules by native carts, adulteration of food etc. — about 150 cases a day.|
|2.10||• 21.10.1933. Lucknow. Rooms in the Club described.|
|2.11||• 28.10.1933. Lucknow. Acting Governor the Nawab of Chattari.|
|2.12||• 5.11.1933. Lucknow. Social comments.|
|2.13||• 12.11.1933. Lucknow. Army Cup week beginning. Comments on Acting Governor, the Nawab of Chattari.|
|2.14||• 19.11.1933. Lucknow. Nothing of interest.|
|2.15||• 26 11.1933. Lucknow. H.A.N.B. to go to his new posting on 1 December, via Delhi for interviews in Political Department.|
|2.16||• 2 12.1933. New Delhi. Interviews with Foreign Secretary and other officials. Leaves for Rajkot, Kathiawar.
• 4.12.1933. Rajkot. Takes over from Major Williams: to work under the Agent-General, Latimer, in four capacities: Under-Secretary, Additional District Magistrate, Officer in charge of the Rajkot Civil Station, Chairman of Water works.
|2.17||• 10.12.1933. Rajkot. Description of bungalow, built 1927. About 20 Europeans living in Rajkot. Much intercourse with the Indian princes and gentry. Number of Europeans employed in the surrounding Native States. Lions surviving in Junagadh State.|
|2.18||• 17.12.1933. Rajkot. Appointed Church Secretary.|
|2.19||• 25.12.1933. Junagadh. Christmas, as guest of Mr. Cadell, acting Prime Minister. Comfortable Guest House. Meets Maharajah of Gondal.|
|2.20||• 30.12.1933. Junagadh. Visit to the port of Veraval. Sonnath temple of Krishna. A lion shoot with cameras, not guns. 1.1.1934. Rajkot. Christmas presents from Indians.|
|2.21||• 7.1.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.22||• 14.1.1934. Rajkot. Note on the varied types of work. Character sketches of other officials and their wives.
• 17.1.1934. The Mohammedan festival of Bakr Id. Napoleon’s present to H.A.N.B.
|2.23||• 21.1.1934. Rajkot society.|
|2.24||• 28.1.1934. Rajkot. The Viceroy’s Bihar Earthquake Relief Fund|
|2.25||• 2.2.1934. Rajkot. Duck-shoot with Maharajah of Dhrangadhra.|
|2.26||• 11.2.1934. Rajkot. Official visit to Nawangar State; Reception at the capital, Jamnagar. Comment on wealth of Native State rulers. Long and detailed description of arrival at Jamnagar and ceremonial reception by Jam Sahib.
• 13.2.1934. Lord Cavan arrives. Entertainment.
|2.27||• 18.2.1934. Rajkot. Entertainments and shoot. Description of the treasures in the Palace.|
|2.28||• 25.2.1934. Rajkot. H.A.N.B. appointed Secretary of the Club.|
|2.29||• 4.3.1934. Rajkot. Rajkot Week. Tennis, prize-giving at the Chief College.|
|2.30||• 11.3.1934. Rajkot. Proposed visit to Bhaunagar State. Investiture held in Residency garden.|
|2.31||• 18.3.1934. Rajkot. Official visit to Bhaunagar State. Foundation-stone laid of new Hospital. Visit to new part being built. Big new College opened for 170 students. State banquet. Note on the Maharajah and his former guardian, Sir Prabhashankar Pattani.|
|2.32||• 24.3.1934. Visit to Junagadh and the sacred hill, Girnar & Jain temples. This not an official trip – sight-seeing.|
|2.33||• 31.3.1934. Rajkot. Visit from the Viceroy expected. Visit with Latimer to Porbandar State. A motor-launch trip on the sea. New palace being built by Maharajah. Wife attended dinner-party.|
|2.34||• 8.4.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.35||• 15.4.1934. Rajkot. Note on censorship of cinema films.|
|2.36||• 22.4.1934. Rajkot. Small-pox vaccination.|
|2.37||• 28.4.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.38||• 6.5.1934. Rajkot. Only eight Europeans left.|
|2.39||• 13.5.1934. Rajkot. Personalities of friends in Rajkot.|
|2.40||• 20.5.1934. Rajkot. Wedding of the Maharajah’s daughter at Dhrangadhra – banquet and pipers; comments on expense.|
|2.41||• 28.5.1934. Mount Abu. Rajputana. Description of Mount Abu. On leave.|
|2.42||• 3.6.1934. Mount Abu. Jain temples at Dilwana. Comments on the White Paper.|
|2.43||• 10.6.1934. Rajkot. The Carnival – gambling at side-shows.|
|2.44||• 17.6.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.45||• 24.6.1934. Rajkot. Seeds for garden sent from England must pass the Customs at Bombay, and again on the Kathiawar boundary.|
|2.46||• 1.7.1934. Rajkot. Comment on Air Mail.|
|2.47||• 8.7.1934. Rajkot. Comment on Cutch State. Cost of uniform which H.A.N.B. must get.|
|2.48||• 15.7.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.49||• 22.7.34 Rajkot. Possibly moving soon.|
|2.50||• 28.7.1934. Rajkot. H.A.N.B. selected as Vice Consul at Kashgar in Chinese Turkestan. To leave about 18 August.|
|2.51||• 29.7.1934. Rajkot. Comment on journey to Kashgar.|
|2.52||• 5.8.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.53||• 12.8.1934. Rajkot. Arrangements for travelling to Kashgar. Fighting in the area. Reports of arrival of Chinese general with troops.|
|2.54||• 20.8.1934. Delhi station, waiting-room. Car sold at Rajkot.|
|2.55||• 24.8.1934. Simla. Studying confidential files on Kashgar.|
|2.56||• 26.8.1934. Srinagar. Travelled via Rawalpindi and Murree, by car up the Jhelum river to Srinagar. Will join the rest of the party and the armed guard at Gilgit.|
|2.57||• 30.8.1934. Srinagar. Buying stores etc. for Kashgar. Journey to start on 31 August: route.|
|2.58||• 1.9.1934. In the Himalayas. Describes beginning of journey, 17 baggage ponies and 3 riding ponies. New cook. 12 miles by road to Tragbal rest house.
• 2.9. 4. Tragbal pass 11,950 ft., to Kungbal rest house.
• 3.9.1934. Gurez rest house. Voting going on for the first assembly ever to be elected in Kashmir.
|2.59||• 5.9.1934. Karin rest house. Too many travellers for the rest-houses on this route.
• 6.9.1934. Kalapani Rest House. Sight of Nanga Parbat, 26,600 ft. Beyond the tree limit.
• 7.9.1934. Rattu Rest House. Two horses lost and found again.
• 8.9.1934. Astor Rest House. Post Office here.
|2.60||• 9.9.1934. Mushkin Rest House. Very bad.
• 10.9.1934. Bunji Inspection House. Notes difference in people.
• 11.9.1934. Pari Rest House. Crosses the Indus River.
• 13.9.1934. Gilgit. Next place for posting letters will be Misgar. Expects to arrive at Kashgar about 12 October.
|2.61||• 15.9.1934. Norval Rest House. The Hunzas and Nagars, independent small principalities, ruled by Mirs.
• 16.9.1934. Chalt Rest House. The track cut from the cliff above the river Hunza.
• 17.9.1934. Minapur Rest House. Valley widens, more cultivation. Views of Mount Rakaposhi, 25,600 ft., crops and flowers. Meets Capt. Burge, whom he is succeeding at Kashgar.
• 18.9.1934. Baltit. Capt. Burge’s accounts of Kashgar and personalities there.
|2.62||• 19.9.1934. Baltit. The capital of Hunza. Ghazan Khan, son and heir of the Mir of Hunza, very charming. Many Hunzas fair and blue-eyed. Col. Lorimer is staying for a year to try to compile a grammar of the language. Mir’s band, dancing girls, boys dressed as girls.
• 20.9.1934. Baltit. Polo of a special type. An interesting archaeological find. Fort – wooden structure to withstand earthquakes.
• 21.9.1934. Gulait, the Mir’s house. Bad track.
|2.63||• 22.9.1934. Passu Rest House. Passu and Batura Glaciers.
• 23.9.1934. Khaibar Rest House.
• 24.9.1934. Gircha Rest House.
• 25.9.1934. Misgar Rest House. Precipitous paths, guides, roadmending.
• 26.9.1934. A day’s wait for ponies. The Kilik and Mintaka passes, the former to be taken.
|2.64||• 27.9.34 Murkushi Rest House. The last place in British territory.
• 28.9.1934. On the Kilik pass, over 14,000 ft.
• 29.9.1934. Kilik (Turki). In China: severe cold; possibility of raids by Andijanis from the neighbouring Russian territory. Russian attitude to Consulate wireless. Tajiks have fled area owing to the danger of Andijani raids.
• 30.9.1934. Warned by Chinese officer of possible trouble at Tashkurgan. Kirghiz people hospitable.
• 1.10.1934. Paik. Chinese and Sangoli escort from Paik. Order of march of the caravan. Faith of the people in the Union Jack.
• 2.10.1934. Dafdar. The Chinese lieutenant.
|2.65||• 3.10.1934. Yiughul. Chinese and Indian currency exchange rates.
• 4.10.1934.Tashkurghan. Meeting with the Chinese Captain and the Tajik leader, Sharif Beg. Bolshevik influence. Religion of Hunzas.
• 6.10.1934. Darshat. Kirghiz people.
• 7.10.1934. Tarboshi.
• 8.10.1934. Toilebulung.
• 9.10.1934. Chihil Gumbaz.
|2.66||• 10.10.1934. Yalpak Tash. The last pass, 12,000 ft., before Kashgar.
• 11.10.1934. Tukarboshi.
• 12.10.1934. Kichik Qaraul, a big house, burnt in the revolution.
• 13.10.1934. Ighiz Yar. Edge of the great Central Asian plain. Escort of six men sent by the Muhammadan commander in Yangi Hissar.
• 14.10.1934.Yangi Hissar. Swedish Mission House. Missionaries fled to Kashgar at revolution. Bazaar completely looted. Merchants just returning.
• 15.10.1934. Swedish missionaries now on their way back to the Mission.
• 16.10.1934. Vapchan.
• 18.10.1934.Kashgar. Arrival on 17.10.1934.
|2.67||• 20.10.1934. Kashgar. No Customs duty on parcels addressed to the Consulate. Respect for British Government and the Union Jack.|
|2.68||• 21.10.1934. Kashgar. Description of British Consulate house and personalities: (draws plan) Swedes of the Mission; Russian Consulate not friendly, very suspicious; Chinese authority; General Liu; Gereral Mahmud; Ma do Tai: Chinese Mohammedan or Tungan, represents the pro British element.|
|2.69||• 27.10.1934. Kashgar. Attempted assassination of Ma do Tai – not expected to recover. Mixture of modernity and medaevalism. Local clothing. Describes rooms. Games, The wireless begins to work.
• 31.10.1934. Ma do Tai, may recover.
• 1.11.1934. The Bolsheviks are angry that the wireless got through. Muhammed Sharif Beg, reprimanded.
|2.70||• 3.11.1934. Kashgar. Bazaar good, all Russian, no Indian, few Chinese. Workmen in the British Consulate arrested without reason by the Kashgar authorities. Other examples of arrest. Swedish mission personalities.|
|2.71||• 10.11.1934. Kashgar. Party at the Russian Consulate, celebrating Russian Revolution, described at length.
• 11.11.1934. Armistice Day. Calls to se Ma do Tai. General Liu there.
|2.72||• 17.11.1934. Kashgar. Stores for Consulate held up by Tungans on the road from India via Leh.|
|2.73||• 24.11.1934. Kashgar. Long delayed post from Urumchi, evidence of disturbed state of province last year The Consulate wireless set now fully working. Possibility of Chinese spying on Consulate.|
|2.74||• 1.12.1934. Kashgar. Comments on power of General Liu. Arrest by General Mahmud of a former leader.|
|2.75||• 8.12.1934. Kashgar. Ramazan begins. ado Tai still very ill, to be moved to the Russian Consulate. Frequent changes in exchange rate. Cost of living very low. More suspicion of the contacts of the Chinese interpreter, Wang, with General Liu.|
|2.76||• 16.12.1934. Kashgar. Stores from England arrive. The hostile army which was holding them up said to be ready at any moment to advance on Kashgar. Comment on Consul, Col. Thomson-Glover. Ma do Tai reported much better.|
|2.77||• 23.12.1934. Kashgar. Fluidity of marriage relations in Kashgar.
• 25.12.1934. Christmas presents, and dinner-party.
|2.78||• 30.12 34. General. Liu ardently Christian at Christmas.
• 3.1.1935. Elaborate and lengthy party at the Yamen. Ceremony of bowing before the portrait of Sun Yat Sen.
|2.79||• 6.1.1935. Kashgar. Wang, the interpreter, under suspicion. Festival of Id. Calls on local traders.|
|2.80||• 13.1.1935. Lunch party given to the Chinese. Comments on Indian servants’ attitude to Chinese.|
|2.81||• 20.1.1935. Ma do Tai transferred to provincial capital. Russian attempts to get hold of the mail-bag|
|2.82||• 27.1.1935. Kashgar. New Secretary and Consul-General at Russian Consulate. 3 imported cars only in city.|
|2.83||• 3.2.1935. Mr. Kung replaces Ma do Tai as chief civil officer. Shrewdness of General Liu.|
|2.85||• 17.2.1935. Comment on members of the Consulate staff. Russian farewell dinner-party to the retiring Consul General.|
|2.86||• 24.2.1935. H.A.N.B. learning Russian. Former Chinese wireless station destroyed by two year old rebellion.
• 29.2.1935. Russian lessons cancelled. Unpleasant attitude politically to British and Swedes.
|2.87||• 3.3.1935. The wireless set may now be used for private, emergency, messages. Major Campbell the secretary to the Agent-General in Rajkot, appointed Prime Minister of Alwar State.|
|2.88||• 10.3.1935. Russian lessons start again. General Liu to hand over civil work to Mr. Kung, on orders from the provincial government.|
|2.89||• 17.3.1935. Increased number of staff at the Russian Consulate – now believed to be 45 strong.|
|2.90||• 24.3.1935. Local politics involving leading Tungan rebel figure Ma Chung Ying and Russian tactics.|
|2.91||• 31.3.1935. Troublesome behaviour of Chinese interpreter Wang’s wife.|
|2.92||• 7.4.1935. Ma do Tai recovering.|
|2.93||• 14.4.1935. Improved Russian attitude owing to Eden’s Moscow visit. Attends Chinese Independence Day celebrations. Abortive dinner; party. News of Best killed on NWFP.|
|2.94||• 21.4.1935. The only hospital in Kashgar run by the Swedes.|
|2.95||• 28.4.1935. Incidents illustrative of corrupt government. Currency only paper.|
|2.96||• 5.5.1935. Sports for Consulate staff. Chinese reception and dramatic performances.
• 7.5.1935. Consulate garden party (Jubilee Day). General Mahmud’s bodyguard.
|2.97||• 12.5.1935. Jubilee celebrations at Consulate. Rumours of possible hostilities.|
|2.98||• 19.5.1935. Two more sudden arrests.|
|2.99||• 26.5.1935. H.A.N.B.’s proposed visit to Yarkand where there are over 300 British subjects.|
|2.100||• 29.5.1935. Yangi Hissar Police search baggage at the first stage to Yarkand. Strong protest made by the British Consul.|
|2.101||• 30.5.1935. Kok Robat. Via Yangi Hissar, & Qizil. Expects to reach Yarkand next day.
• 2.6.1935. Yarkand. Hospitable reception by British subjects, including the British leading merchant. Visit to the Swedish Mission. Russian reaction
|2.102||• 6.6.1935. Yarkand. Meets 140 British subjects on the King’s birthday. Announces decoration awarded to the leading merchant for good work during the revolution. Entertained by Civil authorities of Old and New City. Visits Swedish boys’ orphanage. Experiences of Swedes during revolution. Later. Qizil. Dust-storm.Qizil.
• 13.6.1935. Kashgar. Uneventful journey home.
|2.103||• 20.6.1935. Mr. Wang, proved to be spying.|
|2.104||• 23.6.1935. Kashgar. Comment on events in Yarkand during the revolution. The present garrison’s terrified apprehension.
• 26.6.1935. Rumours of unrest.
|2.105||• 30.6.1935. Rumours as to why Russian doctor called away suddenly.|
|2.106||• 7.7.1935. Firing in the New City. Many desertions.|
|2.107||• 14.7.1935. Political upheaval expected. Soldiers deserting due to arrears in pay.|
|2.108||• 21.7.1935. Kashgar. Plans for Consul, Col. Thomson-Glover, to visit Urumchi, to meet Sir Eric Teichman, Counsellor of the British Embassy at Peking; to begin negotiations with Provincial Government.
• 22.7.1935. Peter Fleming arriving.
• 24.7.1935. Peter Fleming arrived with Mlle Maillart.
|2.109||• 28.7.1935. Kashgar. Keen Russian interest in Peter Fleming and Mlle Maillart.|
|2.110||• 4.8.1935. Kashgar. Pneumonic plague in nearby village. No vaccine available at first – now arrived. Russian doctor in charge; 3 other doctors sent from Moscow. Mr. Kung, Russian Consul, turned out, succeeded by a Mr. Hsin.
• 8.8.1935. Peter Fleming and Mlle Maillart leave. Russian transit visa for Swedes.
|2.111||• 11.8.1935. Bostan Terek. On leave in the hills.|
|2.112||• 14.8.1935. Bostan Terek. Describes Kirghiz game on horseback of Kid. Attends Kirghiz wedding.|
|2.113||• 25.8.1935. Kashgar. Ma do Tai, has been taken to Russia. General Liu’s position unstable.|
|2.114||• 1.9.1935. Kashgar. Proposed visit to Tashkurghan; where trade held up. Kashgar falling into Communist hands.|
|2.115||• 8.9.1935. Journey to Tashkurghan via Aktalla, Toilebulung, Darshat.
• 14.9.1935. Tashkurghan. 118 Indian merchants held up there.
• 17.9.1935. Diplomatic expostulation obtains traders` freedom to travel. Leading land-owners & others entertained in spite of Russian intimidation.
|2.116||• 20.9.1935. Bulungkul. Journey past Lake Karakul and Muz-Tagh Ata.
• 22.9.1935. Tukoi. The Gez defile; difficult river crossings.
• 23.9.1935. Tashmelik. A dangerous footpath.
• 24.9.1935. Tokkuzak.
• 25.9.1935. Kashgar.
|2.117||• 29.9.1935. Kashgar. Intrigue & rumours over changes in Consulate staff.|
|2.118||• 6.10.1935. Mr. Hunter, a missionary from Urumchi reports difficult conditions there – all letters opened. New Consulate staff also hindered.|
|2.119||• 13.10.1935. Kashgar. Telegram not received.|
|2.120||• 20.10.1935. The Consul has arrived at Urumchi. Sir Eric Teichman not yet arrived there from Peking.
• 22.10.1935. New interpreter Mr. Chen expected. New Russian Consul, Mr. Hsu.
|2.121||• 31.10.1935. Mr. Chen arrived.|
|2.122||• 3.11.1935. Sir Eric Teichman reached Urumchi.
• 6.11.1935. Arrival of Jacobs and Johnson the two new clerks. Difficulties at frontier and at Tashkurghan overcome.
|2.123||• 10.11.1935. Russian celebration 18th Anniversary of the Revolution.|
|2.125||• 24.11.1935. Incorrect reports in the Morning Post about a new Soviet Republic in Chinese Turkestan.|
|2.126||• 1.12.1935. Sir Eric Teichman &Thomson-Glovers arrive. Result of discussions with Chinese at Urumchi.|
|2.127||• 8.12.1935. Sir Eric leaves for India. Snow.|
|2.128||• 15.12.1935. Cold.|
|2.129||• 22.12.1935. 26.12.35: Christmas festivities.|
|2.131||• 5.1.1936. Kashgar. Wages of Turki servants increased by 50%.|
|2.132||• 12.1.1936. Letters stolen from a Consulate messenger.|
|2.133||• 19.1.1936. Death of Williamson at Lhasa, Tibet, a former Consul General of Kashgar. New interpreter, Mr. Chen, resigned.|
|2.134||• 26.1.1936. Consulate closed on the day of King George’s funeral.|
|2.135||• 2.2.1936. 6.2.1936. Long telegrams received with disturbing political news.|
|2.136||• 9.2.1936. Comments on Peter Fleming’s articles in The Times on the political situation in Turkestan. Police intimidation over polo-ground.|
|2.138||• 24.2.1936. Because of police threat lease of polo ground again refused.|
|2.139||• 1.3.1936. Applies for transfer back to India at the end of the year.|
|2.140||• 8.3.1936. Measures over polo ground.|
|2.141||• 15.3.1936. Recommendations by Sir Eric Teichman on staffing Kashgar Consulate.|
|2.142||• 22.3.36 26.3.1936. The film Quiet flows the Don shown at Russian Consulate.|
|2.143||• 29.3.1936. Comment on Chinese celebration day 12 April.|
|2.144||• 5.4.1936. The new polo ground in use. ‘Flu epidemic.
• 8.4.1936. 10 hours rain, the first this year. Houses collapse.
|2.145||• 12.4.1936. Chinese Celebration day, commemorating the establishment of the present government.
• 15.4.1936. Mounted sports.
|2.147||• 26.4.1936. The Consulate garden very promising, 7 gardeners.
• 29.4.1936. Prestige of numbers of employees.
|2.149||• 10.5.1936. 13.5.1936. Assassinations.|
|2.150||• 17.5.1936. American adventurer, Hathaway, arrives, in disguise, without permit from Srinagar.|
|2.151||• 24.5.1936. H.A.N.B. exchanges Russian and English lessons with the Russian Consul-General. Efforts of the Police to plant spies in Consulate.|
|2.152||• 31.5.1936. Thomson-Glovers visit Yarkand. Precautions against burglary at the Consulate. Plans for a dancing display by the Hunzas of the guard. Started to learn Hunza language.
• 4.6.1936. Telegram from India – Col. Thomson-Glover probably to be replaced, H.A.N.B. to stay on for another year.
|2.153||• 7.6.1936. Description of the Hunza Dance. Dog Kim unwell. Thomson-Glover’s return from Yarkand.|
|2.154||• 14.6.1936. Possibility of H.A.N.B.’s replacement later this year.|
|2.155||• 20.6.1936. Death of the dog Kim. Irregular bus service started between Kashgar and Yarkand.
• 24.6.1936. The King’s birthday – Garden Party and Sports at the Consulate.
|2.156||• 28.6.1936. Plans for leave at Boston Terek.|
|2.157||• 5.7.1936. Boston Terek. On leave.|
|2.158||• 10.7.1936. News of transfer of H.A.N.B. from Kashgar. Successor Gillett, from Chinese Consular service. Packman to succeed Thomson-Glover as Consul.|
|2.159||• 19.7.1936. Kashgar. H.A.N.B. to be posted to N.W. Frontier Province.|
|2.160||• 27.7.1936. Bad bus drive to Yarkand and back. Police interference.|
|2.161||• 2.8.1936. Polo tournament proposed. Describes Consulate garden.|
|2.162||• 9.8.1936. Leaving Kashgar 1 November.|
|2.164||• 23.8.1936. Chinese Consul, Mr. Hsu, moved to Urumchi. Swedish Mission suffering from the hostilities of the Chinese authorities. Chinese subjects forbidden to attend the Swedish Schools.|
• 2.9.1936. Thomson-Glovers leave for India. H.A.N.B. now acting as Consul.
|2.166||• 6.9.1936. Arrival of new Chinese Secretary. H.A.N.B. advises British subjects to send their children to the Swedish Mission Schools, to make up for their loss of Chinese subjects.|
|2.167||• 13.9.1936. Further attack on the Swedish Mission by the Chinese authorities. Difficulty of securing luggage from illegal examination by the Chinese Customs.|
|2.168||• 20.9.1936. Preparation for H.A.N.B.’s journey. Arrival for a visit of the Urumchi Russian Consul-General and three Chinamen. Exchange of dinner-parties. The Consulate Wireless has broken down, no telegrams can be sent.|
|2.169||• 27.9.1936. H.A.N.B.’s successor expected about 25 October. The Chinese remove children and teachers from the Swedish Mission at Yarkand.|
|2.170||• 4.10.1936. Serious accident to H.A.N.B.’s servant “Napoleon”; Police arrest White Russian, Mr. Vorotnikoff, from the Swedish Mission.|
|2.171||• 11.10.36 Napoleon’s progress very slow. Letter from Ella Maillart, Peter Fleming’s travelling companion. Comment on Chinese authorities.|
|2.172||• 18.10.1936. H.A.N.B. unwell. Napoleon still ill. Packman expected. Farewell party.
|2.173||• 25.10.1936. H.A.N.B.’s illness has left him very weak. Packman takes over.
• 29.10.1936. H.A.N.B. better except for a very painful left leg.
|2.174||• 31.10.1936. H.A.N.B.’s journey starting next day.|
|2.175||• 2.11.1936. Tashmalik. All the British subjects and the Swedes turned out to escort the start of H.A.N.B.’s journey. Napoleon well again. The new Vice-Consul, Gillett, is at Tachmalik on his way to Kashgar.
• 3.11.1936. Tugoi. Much rain and river crossings on the way.
• 4.11.1936. Gez. A bridge reported down, ahead. Eight men of the Hunza guard sent on to repair it.
• 5.11.1936. Bulungkol. A vile road and bitterly cold.
• 6.11.1936. Subashi.
• 7.11.1936. Kokyar. 22° of frost in night, inside the tent.
• 8.11.1936. Tashkurghan. Very comfortable, a day’s rest ahead.
• 9.11.1936. Tashkurghan Napoleon well.
|2.176||• 10.11.1936. Sara Jilgha. Attitude of officials at Tashkurghan. The party now increased to 30.
• 11.11.1936. Dafdar. Consequence of fear of Communists on people in the area. Going by Mintaka Pass.
• 12.11.1936. Paik. H.A.N.B. unwell.
• 13.11.1936. Mintaka Karail.
• 14.11.1936. Lup Gaz. A lovely spot. Marching in snow. Mintaka Pass ? eight yaks needed to help party.
• 15.11.1936. Gulkhojadawan. Steep descent from the pass. Men from Misgar came to help with the baggage. British territory again.
• 16.11.1936. Murkushi. Sleep in bungalow.
• 17.11.1936. Misgar. In Hunza again.
|2.177||• 18.11.36 Misgar.
• 19.11.1936. Gircha.
• 20.11.1936. Khaibar.
• 21.11.1936. Passu.
• 22.11.1936. Gulait. The Mir of Hunza is staying here. A very friendly reception accorded to H.A.N.B. by the Mir and his family.
• 22.11.1936. Gulait. A dancing display arranged for H.A.N.B.’s entertainment.
• 23.11.1936. Gulait. A strenuous 1? hours polo match against the Mir’s team. Exchange of gifts with the Mir.
|2.178||• 24.11.1936. Baltit. Mir refuses to allow Ayub to leave Gulait with H.A.N.B.
• 25.11.1936. Minapur. Mir releases Ayub after telephone conversation.
• 26.11.1936. Chalt. H.A.N.B. writes diplomatic soothing letter to the Mir.
• 27.11.1936. Norval.
• 28.11.1936. Arrives at Gilgit.
|2.179||• 1.12.1936. Gilgit. The Burzil pass impossible. The route will be via Chitral.|
|2.180||• 2.12.1936. Gulapur.
• 3.12.1936. Gakuch.
• 4.12.1936. Gupis.
• 5.12.1936. Pingal.
• 7.12.1936. Laspur. The Shandaur Pass.
• 8.12.1936. Mastuj. Very bad road. Very few travellers.
• 9.12.1936. Buni. His Highness the ruler of Chital sends escort for H.A.N.B.
• 10.12.1936. Respin. Lunch with Capt. Franklin Evans, the Civil Surgeon.
• 11.12.1936. Koghazi. His Highness’ brother Khushwagt-al-Mulk, meets the party and H.A.N.B. dines with him, as the guest of His Highness.
• 12.12.1936. Chitral. His Highness meets H.A.N.B. with numbers of brothers in three cars. Sikh Company under Major Henson. Telegram notifying appointment to Kohat instead of Peshawar.
• 13.12.1936. Chitral. Delayed by heavy rain. Favourable accounts of Kohat.
• 14.12.1936. Ziarat. Below the Lowarai Pass. 30 miles by lorry and 15 miles on horseback.
• 15.12.1936. Ziarat. Attempt to climb the Pass from 8 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. Had to turn back to Ziarat because of snow.
• 16.12.1936. Ziarat. Snow.
• 17.12.1936. Dir. A fine day, the Pass safely crossed.
• 18.12.1936. Peshawar. By ‘bus from Dir to Peshawar. Lunch at Chakdura with the Political Agent of Dir and Malakand. At Peshawar stays with Chief Secretary of the N.W. Frontier Province, Mr. Hopkinson.
|2.181||• 25.12.1936. Peshawar. A doctor’s examination confirms that he has had Poliomyelitis. But he is well again and the leg getting better. Receiving electrical treatment. Posting to Kohat cancelled, remaining in Peshawar.|
|2.182||• 27.12.1936. Learning Pushtu. Appointed City Magistrate. No Christmas leave possible. Has his own bungalow. Buys a car.|
|2.183||• 3.1.1937. Describes day’s work.|
|2.184||• Undated. Enters his name for the Preliminary Examination in Russian.|
|2.186||• 24.1.1937. Leg considerably better. Hopes for leave. But pending elections may prevent leave.|
|2.187||• 31.1.1937. Prospect of leave to England. Elections begin. Concerned with 5 constituencies, as Counting, Inspecting or Returning Officer.|
|2.188||• 7.2.1937. The elections peaceful. Comment on electorate.|
|2.189||• 14.2.1937. Leave to Delhi confirmed. Elections quiet. Congress party results.|
|2.190||• 18.2.37 New Delhi. Staying with the Burkes. The Viceregal Ball, 2000 guests. Meeting old friends.|
|2.191||• 28.2.1937. Peshawar.|
|2.192||• 7.3.1937. English leave arranged. The new Governor, Sir George Cunningham arrives. Obtains piano.|
|2.194||• 21.3.1937. Bad news from Waziristan.|
|2.195||• 28.3.1937. Plans for leave activities, arriving May.|
|2.196||• 4.4.1937. Pushtu examination. Ayub, the orderly, left for his home in Hunza on 31.3.1937. Request by Mir of Hunza for a sable coat from Peshawar.
• 7.4.1937.The Pushtu exam over.