I.9 to I.164: 17 November 1929 – 6, November,1932:
Tour I. Letters I.9 to I.16
|1.9||• 17.11.1929. Agra. Arrival in India; disembarkation at Bombay. Posted to Agra U.P. as an Assistant Commissioner. Deputy Commissioner, Capt. Johnston, Commissioner Mr. Grant. Governor, Sir Malcolm Hailey. Visits Taj Mahal.|
|1.10||• 24.11.1929. Governor’s visit to Agra on 23 November, 1929. Notes on personalities met, including staff of St. John’s College.|
|1.11||• 1.12.1929. Note on the Club library.
• 5.12.1929. Note on surface mail via Marseilles.
|1.12||• 8.12.1929. New Collector: Mr. Williamson.
• 10.12.1929. On tour Kivaoli.
|1.13||• 15.12.1929. Note on work while at Kivaoli – meets Town Council to discuss water-rate, land-owners re famine relief measures, inspects irrigation, hears petitions from villagers re rents or taxes. Visits Fatehpur Sikri.|
|1.14||• 22.12.1929. Inspection of cotton factories at Firozabad, and glass factory. First Court cases.|
|1.15||• 28.12.1929. New Delhi. Attempt to bomb the Viceroy’s train. Christmas with the Dunnetts at Delhi. Sight-seeing, Qutab Minaret Taghlakabad. New Delhi described.
• 31.12.29. Agra.
• 9.1.1930. Air mail (from England)
|1.16||• 4.1.1930. Lucknow, Government House. Sir Malcolm & Lady Hailey described. Opinion of purdah parties.|
|1.17||• 12.1.1930. Agra, description of shops.|
|1.18||• 19.1.1930. Amateur Dramatic Society.
• 22.1.1930. Inspections described in detail.
|1.19||• 26.1.1930. In camp. Inspects records of village council. Description of land records test.
• 28.1.1930. Bickpuri village. Inspects Village Co-operative Society. Independence Day procession, Agra.
|1.20||• 2.2.1930. Danger of famine. H.A.N.B. to inspect.|
|1.21||• 7.2.1930. Lucknow, on leave. Civil Service Week. Viceroy (Lord Irwin) present.
• 8.2.3190. Civil Service Dinner: Viceroy’s speech.
|1.22||• 16.2.1930. Agra. Going to Kivaoli; for famine relief test works. Locusts from Persia, Mesopotamia and Palestine. Description of organization & personnel of Civil Service in India.|
|1.23||• 23.2.1930. Land records, rent cases, famine test-works. Agra Week starts. Polo, tennis, fancy dress dance etc.|
|1.24||• 2.3.1930. 4.3.1930. Dust-storm.|
|1.25||• 9.3.1930. Locusts in the district. Special Locust officer arriving.|
|1.26||• 15.3.1930. Moves into quarters.|
|1.27||• 23.3.1930. Description of Native Fair.|
|1.28||• 30.3.1930. Case-work.|
|1.29||• 6.4.1930. Air-mail now takes one week, London to Delhi. Temple dispute. Inspection of gaol. The problem of Gandhi.|
|1.30||• 13.4.1930. Gandhi and Salt Laws.|
|1.31||• 19.4.1930. Police Inspector goes mad. Riots in Calcutta.|
|1.32||• 27.4.1930. Riots at Calcutta, Karachi and Peshawar. In Agra the Independence Party organises a demonstration. Attempt to make Salt in Collector’s and Commissioner’s garden.|
|1.33||• 4.5.1930. Shade temperature 112°. Intention to arrest Gandhi. Censoring telegrams at Agra. Salt-making tricks.|
|1.34||• 11.5.1930. Riot at Sholapur near Bombay on 10.5.1930. Loyalty of the Indian constables. Treasury training.|
|1.35||• 18.5.1930. Loyalist meeting at the house of a big land-owner.|
|1.36||• 25.5.1930. Mr. Dunnett appointed Reforms Commissioner. Extremists losing ground. Picketing foreign cloth and liquor shops.|
|1.37||• 3.6.1930. Ceremonial Parade for King’s Birthday.
• 4.6.30. Large loyalist demonstration. Attacked Gandhi supporter rescued by English Police.
|1.38||• 3.6.1930. Muhammedan Festival. Agra quiet. Unrest on N.W. Frontier.|
|1.40||• 23.6.1930. Simla. Reception given by Sir Fazli Hussain, a member of the Governor-General’s Executive Council. Mentions Simon Report|
|1.41||• 30.6.1930. Simla. Comment on Simon Report.|
|1.42||• 7.7.1930. Agra.|
|1.43||• 13.7.1930. Agra. Measures against locust breeding ground.|
|1.44||• 20.7.1930. Colleges have reassembled. Picketing of Colleges & liquor shops by women. Independence Flag hoisted on St. John’s College, & taken down. Asia College boycott of classes.
• 22.7.1930. Anti-locust work.
|1.45||• 28.7.1930. Anti-locust work. Compromise between Colleges in Agra and the picketeers. Attitudes of missionaries and teachers vis-a-vis government officials. H.A.N.B. 2nd Class Magistrate.
• 29.7.1930. More anti-locust work. Inspects School, cattle pound for stray cattle, and dispensary for medicine for peasants.
|1.46||• 4.8.1930. Much anti-locust work. Five out o£ seven sub-divisions affected.|
|1.47||• 12.8.1930. Malaria among troops.|
|1.48||• 17.8.1930. NWFP troubles.|
|1.50||• 31.8.1930. Revival of picketing, especially on St. John’s College. Attitude of College staff. Two English police officers shot in Bengal.
• 3.9.1930. More trouble with students at St. John’s and Agra Colleges.
|1.51||• 7.9.1930. Buys pony, £45. Student trouble at St. John’s.|
|1.52||• 14.9.1930. Suspected amateur bomb-factory. Explosion kills a revolutionary.|
|1.53||• 22.9.1930. Naini Tal. On leave.|
|1.54||• 29.9.1930. Agra. Entertainments at Naini Tal. (Civil Service Week).|
|1.55||• 5.10.1930. Farewell Dinner to Williamson, the Collector; also Indian land-owners’ farewell garden-party; well attended, no trouble from Congress Party members.|
|1.56||• 12.10.1930. Indian Dramatic Society performance. Political situation fairly quiet, frequent arrests for seditious speeches. Congress policy to encourage peasants not to pay their rents.|
|1.58||• 26.10.1930. Going with Collector, Darwin, to fair at Bateshar.|
|1.59||• 2.11.1930. Darwin, ill. Notes on a Collector’s job. Attends a hanging at the gaol.
• 4.11.1930. In camp at Firozabad. Work on Census of population.
|1.60||• 8.11.1930. Bateshar, in camp. Cattle, horse and camel Fair. Attendance estimated at 150,000. Hindu Religious ceremony. Crocodile-hunting on an elephant.|
• 26.11.1930. Arrives in Moradabad.
|1.63||• 30.11.1930. Moradabad. Describes I.C.S. Training School and personalities connected with it.
• 2.12.1930. Police Week festivities.
|1.64||• 7.12.1930. Comment on the Commissioner and Moradabad officials. Police Week festivities, sports, dances.|
|1.65||• 14.12.1930. Description of quarters – Polo, tennis, hockey.|
|1.66||• 21.12.1930. A day’s programme at the Training School.
• 24.12.1930. Arrives Delhi, for holiday.
|1.67||• 29.12.1930. New Delhi. Guest of the Dunnetts. Christmas Day activities. A jumping well in a shrine. Bomb explosions in Delhi. Description of the Viceroy’s House and gardens.|
|1.68||• 3.1.1931. New Year’s Ball.
• 5.1.1931. Moradabad. Epidemic of horse ‘flu throughout India. Instruction in surveying and practice in reading Devanagri script.
|1.69||• 12.1.1931. Possibility of course of Settlement training. Gurkha Regiment arrives.
• 13.1.1931. Settlement training cancelled.
• 14.1.1931. Receives first air mail letter.
|1.70||• (Retained by donor.)|
|1.71||• 24.1.1931. Muddled preparations for going into camp.|
|1.72||• 31.1.1931. In camp. Thefts and badly timed efforts to trace the culprit.
• 3.2.1931. Moradabad.
|1.73||• 6.2.1931. Lucknow. Posted to Lucknow.
• 9.2.1931. Back in Moradabad. Plans to buy a car – a necessity in Lucknow.
|1.74||• 14.2.1931. Moradabad.|
|1.75||• 22.2.1931. Comment on Mr. Monro who will be H.A.N.B.’s Deputy Commissioner in Lucknow, and on his wife. Gandhi’s release. Mohammedan festival of Id. Gurkha football match|
|1.76||• 1.3.1931. Examination results, Revenue & Language.
• 3.3.1931. Lucknow. Two or three days holiday before starting new post. Paid 26 calls, on a bicycle. Comments on cinema. Macadam roads, good shops & a good library at the Club.
|1.77||• 8.3.1931. Quarters in the United Services Club. H.A.N.B. has now paid 64 calls i.e. dropped cards. Polo in the police lines; players included Indian police troopers. Settlement between Gandhi and the Viceroy. Begins work as Sub-Divisional Officer, Sub-Division of Malihadab, about 17 miles from Lucknow. Not as yet given full powers. Snipe-shooting.|
|1.78||• 15.3.1931. Complicated Court cases, inheritances, mortgages, mutations, partitions, profits etc.|
|1.79||• 22.3.1931. News of more riots in the newspapers.|
|1.80||• 29.3.1931. H.A.N.B. now Assistant Commissioner. Serious communal riots in Cawnpore. Congress dislikes communal trouble.|
|1.81||• 5.4.1931. Moves into a bungalow, shared with two other Englishmen. Description of bungalow.|
|1.82||• 12.4.1931. Organises meeting of the biggest land-owners in the sub-division, to encourage unofficial counter-propaganda against agitators of the Congress Party.|
|1.83||• 19.4.1931. Irwins leave India. Comment on Indian politicians’ attitude to British officials.|
|1.84||• 26.4.1931. Inspection of area of crop failure, to recommend possible exemptions from revenue collections.
• 28.4.1931. Fears of riots after Festival.
|1.86||• 10.5.1931. Police raid, accompanied by H.A.N.B., in search of cocaine.|
|1.87||• 17.5.1931. Preparations against possible trouble in two weeks time in the Mohammedan Festival of Muharram.|
|1.88||• 24.5.1931. More comment on preparations for Muharram. Patrolling in motor-car with armed police.|
|1.89||• 31.5.1931. Description of Muharram proceedings, processions etc. All went off quietly.|
|1.90||• 7.6.1931. Talk to a meeting of peasants, about 300 men, to explain that rents must now be paid – the government can no longer allow remission of revenue payments by landlords.
• 10.6.1931. Attends an execution.
|1.91||• 14.6.1931. Two more peasant meetings.|
|1.93||• 28.6.1931. Government economies. Travel allowance reduced, drop in pay expected. Training School at Moradabad may be abolished. Five Congress leaders arrested for provoking a breach of the peace.|
|1.94||• 8.7.1931. A one-day Mohammedan festival – no troubles.|
|1.95||• 12.7.1931. Court case – Congress Party leaders accused of inciting tenants not to pay rent to landlords. Reduction in I.C.S. salaries appears to be imminent.|
|1.96||• 19.7.1931. Government’s economy proposals to be published at the Legislative council.|
|1.97||• 26.7.1931. H.A.N.B. may decide to apply for the Political branch of the I.C.S. – work on the frontier and in the native States.|
|1.98||• 2.8.1931. To camp at Malihadab, H.Q. of the sub-division.|
|1.100||• 16.8.1931. Gandhi not going to London. Comment on his latest demands.|
|1.101||• 23.8.1931. Hunting. Mr. Gandhi going to London.|
|1.102||• 30.8.1931. Is asked to write General Administration Report for his area. Gandhi leaves for England.|
|1.103||• 5.9.1931. Lucknow. Leaving for Simla, holiday. Travelling with Mrs. Munro.
• 7.9.1931. Simla
|1.104||• 11.9.1931. Advised by Sir Charles Watson, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India, that no new appointments to the Political branch of the I.C.S. are being made this year. Will however apply, with a view to the following year.
• 14.9.41. A weekend walking tour in the hills.
|1.105||• 20.9.1931. Simla. Comment on financial crisis in England.|
|1.106||• 27.9.1931. Lucknow. Comment on danger to presiding judge, Leslie White on conspiracy cases in Delhi. Cut in I.C.S. pay and increase in income tax announced. An Indian Bank has gone bankrupt, others are expected to do the same.|
|1.107||• 4.10.1931. Increases in prices in India e.g. whiskey and car batteries.|
|1.108||• 11.10.1931. Comments on Gandhi. Lengthy description of a party given in the garden of his house by his servants to their friends.|
|1.109||• 18.10.1931. Threat of anti-government Congress Party campaign in the province. Floods in the area, crops ruined.|
|1.110||• 25.10.1931. Begins work on the General Administration Report.|
|1.111||• 1.11.1931. Gives up his work on his sub-division, in order to write the Gen. Admin. Report.|
|1.113||• 15.11.1931. Army Cup week – races, point-to-point, dances etc. etc.|
|1.114||• 22.11.1931. Unveiling of Memorial to the 4th Company 1st Bn. Bengal Artillery at the Residency.|
|1.115||• 29.11.1931. Postage rates to be increased. Opening of local Flying Club H.Q.|
|1.116||• 6.12.1931. Congress Party about to open new anti-government campaign. Elections to the Municipal Board.|
|1.117||• 14.12.1931. Distribution of money loaned to cultivators to buy seed etc. Week-end shoot, duck-shooting, as guest of the Governor, accommodation in Governor’s train. Probability of a Civil disobedience campaign. Large Investiture, honours for soldiers and civilians. A lively time expected politically. Comment on Gandhi.|
|1.118||• 20.12.1931. Work on the Gen. Admin. Report. Carol-singing.|
|1.119||• 27.12.1931. Christmas. Presents from Indians. Week crowded with dinner-parties, fancy-dress dance, tennis and polo. Charades.|
|1.120||• 3.1.1932. New Year military Parade. New Assistant Commissioner arrives, Hugh Stevenson. Gandhi arrested. Several Congress leaders in Lucknow arrested. Comment on political situation.|
|1.121||• 10.1.1932. Comment on Congress arrests.
• 13.1.1932.About 30 people arrested in city.
|1.122||• 17.1.1932. No action yet on H.A.N.B.’s application for transfer to the Political Department.|
|1.123||• 24.1.1932. Trial of Congress men.|
|1.124||• 31.1.1932. Civil Service Week – Races, polo, dances etc. ‘The Quaker Girl’ performed by the Railway Operatic Society. Changes of staff expected.|
|1.125||• 7.2.1932. Civil Service week – Government House Dance, over 650 invitations, including about 50 Indians. Fancy Dress Dance at the Club. I.C.S. Dinner. Governor’s depressing speech about the future of the 1.C.S. Another bomb thrown: more active agitators in prison. Mohammedan festival of Id. H.A.N.B’s servant presents him with a silk handkerchief.|
|1.126||• 14.2.1932. Opening of power-house for new Lucknow water supply. Dinner with General Hay, Commander of Lucknow District. Financial difficulties of the Civil Club; bitterness between Civil & Military Club. Mr. Harper succeeds Mr. Monro as Deputy Commissioner.|
|1.127||• 21.2.1932. • Moves to new quarters in the Imperial Bank of India House with Mr. Clemens, Manager of the Bank, and other friends. Writing of the Gen. Admin. Report nearly finished. No news of next appointment. Provincial budget announced, new taxation, probably abolition of many senior I.C.S. posts & less leave. Group system of voting, for extending the Franchise to those not qualified by literacy – a trial of the scheme in two villages.|
|1.128||• 28.2.1932. Remaining in Lucknow for the hot weather. Writing of Gen. Admin. Report finished.|
|1.129||• 6.3.1932. Trooping the Colour by the Punjabi Regiment. Takes on duties of colleague Langford, transferred to Cawnpore. Heavy litigation in view, before the Government increases the Court fees.|
|1.130||• 13.3.1932. Attends a propaganda meeting to explain Govt. policy to peasants.|
|1.132||• 27.3.1932. Comment on Political Service.|
|1.134||• 10.4.1932. Another bomb, outside the big European stores, one woman slightly injured.|
|1.135||• 17.4.1932. Mohammedan Festival of Bahhoid. Patrolling the city. The special Ordinances passed to deal with the Congress campaign lapsing shortly. Increase in political agitators.|
|1.136||• 24.4.1932. Economic situation in Calcutta. Court work. Amateur theatricals.|
|1.137||• Lucknow. Frequent dust storms.|
|1.138||• 8.5.1932. Gen. Admin. Report published.|
|1.139||• 15.5.1932. Mohammedan Festival of Muharram. Illuminations and processions; no troubles.|
|1.140||• 22.5.1932. Wedding of the son of a servant – the party in the compound starting at 11 p.m.|
|1.141||• 29.5.1932. Interesting Indian party, including a male dancer and male comedians – not usual.|
|1.142||• 5.6.1932. Presents Napoleon (his servant) with a driving-licence.|
|1.143||• 12.6.1932. Leaves for Simla, annual holiday. Exceptional heat. Four British soldiers die of heat-stroke.|
|1.144||• 19.6.1932. Simla. Interviews for possible entry into the Political Service – probably not before 1933, preferably after 6 months leave in England. Lunch with the Viceroy and Lady Willingdon.|
|1.145||• 26.6.1932. Simla. Lady Willingdon comments on possible assassination. Viceregal Ball.|
|1.146||• 3.7.1932. Lucknow. Death of senior British railway officer from cholera.|
|1.147||• 10.7.1932. More amateur theatricals, ‘Cable Manners’ by Clemens the Bank Manager, to be acted at Cawnpore.|
|1.148||• 17.7.1932. Theatricals in Cawnpore.|
|1.152||• 14.8.1932. An agricultural, public health and industrial exhibition to be held at Malihabad.|
|1.154||• 28.8.1932. Exhibition at Malihabad a great success.|
|1.157||• 18.9.1932. Lucknow. Amateur theatricals – another play by Clemens. Attends another execution.|
|1.158||• 25.9.1932. Naini Tal. Landslide dangers on the Naini Tal road after heavy rain.|
|1.159||• 1.10.1932. Attitude to application for transfer to the Political Service by the Governor of the Province.|
|I.160||• 9.10.1932. Lucknow. Clemens retiring; successor, Sherman. H.A.N.B. moving quarters.|
|1.161||• 15.10.1932. Failure of the early harvest, Government loan of money for seed; distribution is supervised by H.A.N.B.|
|1.162||• 23.10.1932. Concert organised by H.A.N.B. Another sketch by Clemens. H.A.N.B. moves quarters to the Lanes – a tent in their garden.|
|1.164||• 6.11.1932. Fear of possible bomb attacks or shooting during the Governor’s attendances at functions in Lucknow. No trouble occurred. (Letter unfinished. Death of H.A.N.B.’s mother. Sails for England from Bombay on 12.11.1932.)|