Centre of South Asian Studies


Handlist of Papers - S


(J.L. Sale, C.I.E.)

TS paper on the construction of New Delhi. 17 pp. n.d. (Small collections)

  • Photograph of the Imperial Secretariat, 1915. Work halted by the War. (Box L13)
  • Photograph of the dome of Government House before completion. (Box L13)
  • Six photographs of the construction work of the Upper Jhelum Canal, 1907-09. (Box 33)


Papers of Lt. Colonel W.H.B. Salmon.

Given by Colonel W.A. Salmon (son)

Punjab, U.P., Baroda, Bombay: 1901-1930

Papers collected and written by Lt. Colonel W.H.B. Salmon while serving in the Indian Army (99th Deccan Infantry S. and T. Corps). Lt. Colonel Salmon maintained a deep interest in Indian religions throughout his career.


File 1

  1. MS notes on Hinduism. 9pp.
  2. TS note on Hindu dating.
  3. MS notes on The Sama Veda Brahmanas.
  4. TS brief notes (3pp. + 3 copies) on three goddesses:-
    • Chinto purni Devi: District Hoshiarpur, Punjab.
    • Jowala Mukhi Devi: District Kangra.
    • Kangra Devi.
  5. MS note on worship of boundary Deities observed on 12 February, 1929, a few miles south of Poona.
  6. MS notes on: villages in the United Provinces, Bombay Presidency, Cochin Travancore and Malabar and Bengal. 3pp.
  7. MS notes on General Hinduism in the United Provinces. 3pp.
  8. MS note on the beliefs of the ordinary Hindu.
  9. TS notes and observations on the peoples of Sind taken from the Census Report 1901. 34pp.
  10. TS notes of the development of religious belief in India from the Census Report, Baroda, 1911. 22pp. Plus 10(a), TS notes on modern Hinduism. 26pp.
  11. TS notes on Hindu sects. the Jains, and other religions taken from the Census Report, Baroda, Part I by J.A. Dalal, Vol. XVIII, 1901. 26pp.
  12. Envelope with scribbled notes.
  13. TS notes on Terminology, mainly anthropological.
  14. Six pages from the Census Report 1901, Punjab, Vol. III

File 2

Large bound notebook entitled Notes on the Hindu Religion, comprising 29 printed pages, with an outline of Hinduism customs etc., issued to Civil Servants for guidance; the rest of the book left blank ruled for personal notes. Filled with Colonel Salmon's very detailed notes on the same topic. (Includes loose pages of notes).


File 3

  1. MS notes on Dihwar. 3pp.
  2. Newspaper cutting from The Pioneer, 21 July 1926 - article on Ghosts and Godlings: folklore and superstition in Northern India.
  3. Botanical notes. 2pp.
  4. Scribbled notes.
  5. TS extract from Census of India 1901, Vol. IV, Report by B.C. Allen, Chapter IV,

    Religion, with additions and emendations by W.H.B. Salmon. 20pp.

  6. TS extract from Census of India 1901, Vol. VI, Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Chota Nagpur, and Native States: Kuch Bihar - Hill Tippera, Sikkhim + 26 Tributary States of Orissa and Chota Nagpur. Page 181 et seq. Hindu Sects and Godlings, by E.A. Gart. 40pp.
  7. TS and MS extract from Census of India 1901, Volume XIX Central India Part 1. Report by Captain Eckford Luard - Forms of Worship in Central India. 48pp.
  8. Photograph of a sadhu Upasmi Baba Joshi Brahmin with address.
  9. Card published by the Central Jain Publishing House entitled Jain Motto Card Series No. 1. Pure Thoughts, a rosary of 12 beads.
  10. Jain Motto Card Series No. 2. Ten Golden Rules for a Jaina Layman.
  11. Part of Census Report: Central India and Bundelkund, Minor forms of worship and reverence, p.73-96-B with emendations and notes by W.H.B. Salmon.
  12. 3pp of MS notes on Religion.
  13. TS letter from C.M.J. Simmons in the 99th Infantry to Colonel Salmon, 8 November 1926 about his wish to read in Oxford on Indian religion during his furlough. Mentions Professor Macdonnel, E.J. Thompson and Dr. Morison.
  14. M.S. notes on the Psychology of Primitive Beliefs. 3pp.
  15. Note on the Fivefold ritual of the Makara.
  16. 4pp of Introduction torn out of a book, probably the Rig-Veda.
  17. 8pp of miscellaneous pencil notes.
  18. Picture postcard of a street shrine, Poona City.
  19. Advertisement of Bibliotheca Jainica.
  20. Photograph of Captain Goddard E. Diamond from the Shri Jiva Daya Ghan Prasarak Fund, Bombay.
  21. 3pp of miscellaneous notes.
  22. Letter to Colonel Salmon from E.A. Watts on an article submitted for publication
  23. 5pp of miscellaneous notes.
  24. 8pp notes on various shrines.
  25. 5pp plans and sketches of temples.
  26. 2pp miscellaneous notes.

File 4

  1. Five photographs:-
    • Group - Colonel Salmon with two Indian Officers and other orderlies.
    • Horse - Nikko. Paper
    • Bullock tonga.
    • Colonel Salmon's Bullock tonga.
    • Bungalow
  2. Newspaper cutting from Daily Mail, 13 January 1930, article by the Rt. Hon. D. Lloyd George on Jerry-building for a crash in India. 2pp.
  3. Newspaper cutting from The Civil Military Gazette, 23 March 1923. Causes of Indian Unrest, Lord Ronaldshay on clash of ideals.
  4. TS note on fasting in Hinduism. 2pp + copy.
  5. The Sikhs and the Government. Printed by Government Press, Lahore, November 1922. 7pp.
  6. MS note on Devi Worship written for Colonel Salmon by Chiringi Lalsahio dur Bahadur. 4pp.
  7. (a), (b), (c). 1 MS and 2 TS copies of an article on The Village Deities. 12pp. each.
  8. TS copy of notes on Vasangi Devji and Surya Narayana temple.
  9. TS list of the 100 names of God.
  10. (a) - (i) 14 examples of popular Hindu devotional pictures of Radha and Krisna etc.
  11. (a), (b) 2 newspaper cuttings from the Civil and Military Gazette: 9 November 1922, The Sikhs and the Government, Guru Nanak's Birthday; 28 March 1923, Changing India.
  12. MS notes taken from various unacknowledged sources on Hindu religions, beliefs and practices. 34pp.
  13. TS notes on The Hindu Temples of Bombay. 12pp.
  14. TS list of Government holidays, Hindu, Muslim and Christian festivals. 4pp.
  15. TS copy of a list of the 52 Peethasthans or sacred places in India with their names and provenances. 2pp.
  16. The Indian Witness, 17 February 1926, article on the legend of Devi Patan and the Tulsipur Mela. 2pp.
  17. TS list of the chief sacred places in India supplied by G.C. Chatterji, 20 September 1919. 3pp.
  18. Confidential report on Communal friction in United Provinces 1924, by H.R. Roe,. Assistant to Deputy Inspector General of Police, C.I.D., United Provinces. Printed Allahabad. 1pp. (Concerned mainly with Hindu/Muslim friction).
  19. Correspondence between Lt. Colonel J.C. Loch, O.C. 1/50th Kumaun Rifles and Lala Chiranji Lal Saha Rai Saheb Hon. Magistrate Jagirdar and Proprietor Dewaldhar Estate near Akmora, U.P. on the characteristics and customs of the Kumaon people. Long letter describing these in detail. September, December 1923. 7pp.
  20. TS notes on Religion in India; Hindus and Hinduism, and Hindus and other religions. 25pp.


Additional material given by Colonel W.A. Salmon.

Two albums (Boxes A118, A119) of newscuttings, photographs and correspondence covering the years 1936-8 and compiled by Lieutenant Colonel W.A. Salmon while A.D.C. to H.E. the Governor of Sind, Sir Lancelot Graham K.C.S.I., K.C.I.E., the first Governor of Sind following its constitution as an independent province. The albums are particularly noteworthy for their detailed record of the everyday life of a Governor in British India including his social activities. They include printed invitations, menu-cards, itineraries, orders of ceremonies, cards of sporting events. Newscuttings are from the Sunday Statesman; Sind Tribune; Sind Observer; Sind Daily Gazette; The New Sind; Madras Mail; Times of India; Civil and Military Gazette.

Some of the more important items are listed below.

Album 1

  • p1. Introduction - historical note.
  • p3. a-j 29 March 1936 Biography and work of Sir Charles Napier, first Governor of Sind.
  • p4. m-s Financial and administrative basis of new province of Sind.
  • p9. b-f Political and religious history of Sind.
  • p9. h-i History of Hyderabad, one time capital of Sind.
  • p9. l-n Composition of Sind Legislative Assembly and Provincial Delimitation Committee. Composition of constituences.
  • p9. o-s History of Karachi, census returns; potential as port and airport.
  • p9. t Agricultural statistics relevant to the Sukkur Barrage.
  • p13. pt 1 April 1936 Analysis of Sind.
  • p43. d-h 23 October 1936 Five Year Plan for Sind Roads.
  • p49. a-m 31 October 1936 H.E's Investiture in Secretariat, Karachi.

Album 2

  • p1. a 13-18 December 1936 Booklet. Programme for Governor's Tour of Hyderabad. 51 pp.
  • p1. b 19-21 December 1936 Booklet. Programme for Governor's Tour of Dadu. 21 pp.
  • p1. c 22 December 1936 - 4 January 1937 Booklet. Programme for Governor's Tour of Larkana. 25 pp.
  • p2. a 12-16 January 1937 Booklet. Programme for Governor's Tour of Jacobabad. 19 pp.
  • p2. b 18-21 January 1937 Booklet. Programme for Governor's Tour of Nawabshah and Sakrand. 17 pp.
  • p2.c 1-10 February 1937 Booklet. Programme for Governor's Tour of Thar Parkar District and Guni and Sujawal Talukas. 13 pp. Booklets printed at the Government Press, Karachi.
  • p21. g September 1937 Description of Government House and its rebuilding.
See also Photographs - (Box 33 and L13)


William Sampson (1829-1882) was a Baptist Missionary in Bengal, chiefly in Serampore where he assisted in work at the College. He went to India in 1855, first to Calcutta and the following year to Serampore. He returned to England in 1864 because of failing health.

Typed transcripts given by Mr Peter Sampson, great grandson of William Sampson.

The papers consist of:-

  1. An obituary of William Sampson written for The Freeman of November 17, 1882. 3ff
  2. A letter dated June 18, 1857 written from Serampore to his and his wife's parents in England.

The letter purports to give a true account of the uprising thus far, neither underestimating nor exaggerating the danger they were in. He remarks that the Empire in India existed more on the opinion the people had of British strength than upon its actual force. "We had but 20 English Regiments to upwards of a hundred Native ones and the English were scattered all over the country in small bodies ...".

He gives as one of the chief causes of the "disturbances" the hatred of the "Mussalmen" for Christianity and their working "upon the prejudices of the Sepoys - the large majority of whom are Brahmins". Sampson also comments that "...the King of Oude... has been discovered as having been deeply implicated...[in the rebellion].

The letter ends on an optimistic note, telling of news from Delhi that the "rebels were attacked on the 8th inst." -  ten days earlier. They "were driven back with great loss ... we are in possession of the heights." Another cause for  optimism was the discovery and foiling of a plot to murder every European in Calcutta. "The Nawab of Moorshidabad  is at the bottom of it with the King of Oude."

Throughout the account there runs the thread of their faith in and dependence on Providence. 11ff

(Small collections)


Given by I. Sandeman.

Ceylon 1870-1948

Books and printed papers, mainly Government Papers dealing with education in Ceylon. (To be found in Archive Books room under Sa 1...17)

  1. Ashton, P.B. Ceylon kaleidoscope. 1946
  2. Senaveratna, John M. Dutugemunu: his life and times. Freedom of Lanka Series, Vol. I - The Struggle against the Tamils. 1946.
  3. Hussey, D. Ceylon and World History, Book II 1505 A.D. to 1796 A.D. 1936.
  4. Tambimuttu, E.L. Dravida: a history of the Tamils from prehistoric times to 1800. 1945.
  5. Hindu Board of Education, Report of the Hindu Board of Education to the end of 22nd year 1946, by S. Rajaratnam.
  6. Ceylon Government Report of the Bribery Commission. Sessional Paper XII 1943.
  7. Perera, H.S. The abilities of Ceylonese children. (a Report on the 1940 Fifth Standard Examination). 1941.
  8. Ceylon Government Report of the Special Committee on Education. Sessional Paper XXIV 1943.
  9. Ceylon Government Sinhalese and Tamil as official languages. Report of Select Committee of the State Council. Sessional Paper XXII 1946.
  10. Gratiaen, L.J. English Schools in Ceylon, 1870-1900.
  11. Ceylon Government The Schools Emergency food production campaign. Sessional Paper XXII 1944.
  12. Ceylon Government Administration Report of the Director of Education for 1940.
  13. Ceylon Government Administration Report of the Director of Education for 1945.
  14. Ceylon Government Administration Report of the Director of Education for 1946.
  15. Ceylon Government State Council of Ceylon. Minutes for Debate on the motion of the Minister of Education. June 5, 1945.
  16. Catalogue of books for schools and colleges - 1969 - in English and Tamil/Sinhalese
  17. Economic Survey for 1948 [for the U.K.] Presented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer to Parliament, March, 1948. Publ. by H.M.S.O.


Donated by Harriet Taunton.

Microfilm No. 86 (& 85, master)

Letters and Commonplace book of Cornet* John Sanders of the 25th Dragoons.

  • The Universal Register - Sat., January 1st., 1781 (Number 1). Reprinted with The Times of January 2nd., 1985.
  • Correspondence, dated 1934, concerning Thomas Twining, 1776 - 1861.
  • Letters from John Sanders (April 10th, 1797 to Sept. 26th, 1798, to his brother William in London, his sister Mary, and his parents in Worcester describing the many delays in sailing for India.
  • Commonplace book containing memoranda of the voyage, the journey from Madras to Arcot, his impressions of India, reactions to Wilkie's Epigoniad, Chronology, etc., description of the cantonment, 2 miles from Arcot, Arcot itself, Vellore, and Walajahnagur.
  • More letters home telling of his illness and his wish to buy his Lieutenancy.

*[The modern army rank equivalent to Cornet, or Ensign, is Second Lieutenant. Several mentions are made in these papers of Sanders' ambition to buy his full Lieutenancy for £800, normal in those days, in order to move to a part of the world where the climate was not so punishing on an Englishman's health - the climate cost the lives of many of the soldiers in his regiment during the short period covered by these letters].


Photocopies of circular letters (1932-72) from Norman and Joan Sargant who began their life in India as Wesleyan missionaries in Mysore State. In 1948, at the formation of the Church of South India, they became part of that Church. In 1951 Norman was consecrated a bishop.

The letters, written to church people in England who supported their work, describe their varied life and duties. To name a few: evangelistic methods used amongst coolies and their families on coffee estates; the reopening of a hospital at Mandagadde; the construction of church buildings; the continual travelling to visit and preach to scattered Christian communities. After his consecration as Bishop of Mysore Diocese, a vast area later divided into three dioceses, Norman's responsibilities were greatly increased and much more of his time was of necessity spent in travelling.

Interesting glimpses are given of the response of the Christian community to national events such as Gandhi's death. Of this he says 'The death of Gandhi created a new sort of environment for the Christian preacher.'

In writing of the Church of South India he says that two of its fruits were: a reinforcement of their work and an enrichment of fellowship.

The letters speak admiringly of the forward-looking policies of the Maharaja of Mysore before independence and with delight when, in 1956, the 'greatly beloved Maharaja' became the Governor of the new Mysore State. 257pp.


(F.C. Scharenguivel)


Daily diaries and weekly reports of the police and security departments of Ceylon; record of parades, rounds and visits to scene of crimes. 1937-47.


Daily diaries and weekly reports of police and security departments, Ceylon. 1948-56.


Formation of security department in Ceylon, 1954-56. (Restricted access).


(L.W. Schrader)

Given by Mrs. J.E. Schrader

Microfilm No. 12A

Diary written by Schrader from 1923 to 6 January 1924 whilst Government Officer, Ceylon. Entries giving details of work, weather and daily social engagements and tours of districts.


Papers of Lady Beatrix Scott, wife of Sir Walter Scott, I.C.S., C.I.E. Sir Walter arrived in India in 1904 and served in senior positions in Assam between 1905 and 1939. In September 1932 he was appointed Chief Secretary to Government and in June 1935 he was made a Member of the Governor's Executive Council.

Given by Mr G.P. Stewart, I.C.S.


"Indian Panorama", a typescript autobiographical account by Lady Beatrix Scott of her life as the wife of Sir Walter Scott, I.C.S., C.I.E., 1910-39. Written 1951.

A most vivid and interesting account from the point of view of the wife of an Indian civil servant interested in her husband's work and absorbed in the country and its people. It is a detailed description of life on tour and in the stations, and later in the towns and cities:

  1. Husband's career: joins I.C.S. 1904 - Bengal; Barisal; Island of Bhola; Patwakali; leave; moves to high administrative post and consequently moves around Mymensingh, Jamalpur etc.; marries December 1910.
  2. With his wife he returns to India, January 1911, to Dacca where he was Registrar of cooperative credit societies; transferred in same job to Shillong; tours; Bengal division ended'; joins Assam, ceases to be Registrar and becomes under-Secretary in the finance department; next Settlement Officer in Cachar, and the Jaintia Pargannas; house at Haflong, Silchar; touring; Cachar; tea gardens and tea planters; life in Shillong - insects, birds, noise; Cherrapunji; back to New Zealand in the war with children and returns to India via Sydney, Singapore and Java and Madras.
  3. Returns to Calcutta where Scott is Deputy Commissioner after the resettlement, and putting down the Manipur rebellion.
  4. Description of District Commissioner's work; enteric; convalescence.
  5. Lady Scott becomes Political Under-Secretary to the Government of Assam, Sir Walter Scott becomes Excise Commissioner.
  6. Tiger shoot at Goalpara; disasters; continuing work.
  7. Scott appointed Superintendent, Lushai Hills 1918; description of district and subdivision on first tour, and the work entailed; human relations in small hill station; visit of Governor of Assam; description of Lushai villages and life there; detailed description of superintendent's work; relations with the Burmans; silkworks; missionaries and their work; details of tour in area seldom visited by white people, and last tour to Blue Mountain on Burma border of Lingbeh subdivision; description of Chins and Lakhers, their villages and the camps in the villages.
  8. 1923-34. Director of Land Records with Agriculture, Shillong: touring; Daflas; touring in the plains; Surma Valley.
  9. 1934. Loses Directorship of Agriculture, but takes on income tax; life in Shillong at HQ; tour up to Mokokchang with Gerry Stewart, Elizabeth and Lady Scott; second visit for Christmas with Sir Walter Scott, great welcome by Nagas.
  10. 1936. Scott temporarily Chief Secretary to Government of Assam during civil disobedience.
  11. Gerry Stewart made President of the Maharaja's Durbar in Manipur.
  12. Scott appointed Commissioner of Surma Valley and hill districts.
  13. Silchar HQ. Description of journey from Shillong, and life there; appointed Assam representative of the Central Legislative Assembly; touring again; Delhi and life there; finance member to the Government of Assam - Shillong; life of the wife of an I.C.S. in the Administration HQ - Assam Industries Shop; leave in England and South Africa; return to India as chairman of the Revenue Tribunal.

See also STEWART, G.P.


  1. Tied bundle of 31 manuscript letters written by Lady Scott to her mother and mother in law, 1917-26, (172ff.), together with two items comprising a diary for April 1930, (25ff).

    The first three letters, evidently written in 1917, describe Lady Scott's journey from Sydney to Shillong. She travelled on the S.S. Montoro to Singapore and then on the S.S. Tara to Madras. In all the journey took six weeks and that portion on the Tara was particularly difficult as the boat was not built for passenger traffic. Conditions on board were dirty and the food was bad. Her letters describe her fellow-passengers. On arrival at Silchar in Assam, Lady Scott found the Deputy Commissioner's bungalow shabby. Lady Scott's letters continue as follows:

    • 12 February 1919. Journey to Aijal, Lushai Hills. On pony for eight days. Describes house and food arrangements.
    • 19 February 1919. Young assistant commandant at Lungleh wishing to marry Lushai girl, has been told he will no longer be able to continue with Service or Army.
    • 15 June 1919. Aijal. Dislikes loneliness. Sir Walter distressed with sickness and poverty among the peoples. She dislikes mental and moral attitudes of Eurasians. Sir Walter tours often with Mr Barnes.
    • 24 August 1919. Aijal. Tiger cubs sent down to Calcutta zoo. Has brought 20 ducks from Silchar. Gives details of clothing needed for winter. Strained relations with the few other women on the station.
    • 1 September 1919. Bungalow on Aijal - Silchar Road. Description of house. Finding life dull and depressing.
    • 9 January 1923. Camp Sibulalang. Last tour. Sad to leave the Lushai area. Describes bungalows en route to Lungleh. On the Peak of Honeifang (-) a Helio-signalling post from Aijal to Lungleh. Describes the Lungleh Water Works.
    • 25 January 1923. Camp Sherkore. Describes new bungalow built by the Chins. Turpang Fort - description of the Lakher people. Tells of a missionary in Lorraine and family who have been at Sherkore for fifteen years and is a source of concern for the Government as it is only a 'loosely controlled area'. Camp Tuisi: Stays in new Lakher house. Relates past and border incident concerning Mr Needham and the people of Lungchoi.
    • 4 February Blue Mountain Camp (7,200 ft). Tree high rhododendrons. She is the first white woman at this camp.
    • 5 November 1923. Gauhati. House in Aijal in very bad repair. Describes people in the Survey School. Touring from Jorhat to the SubDivisional Headquarters of North Lakhimpur. They are using bicycles instead of ponies, crossing the Bhramaputra river. Brief description of Lakhimpur and says younger men with families in the Service in an area like this have hard time financially - no cars or ponies and do their touring on foot. Cultivated land is predominantly mustard.
    • 19 November 1923. North Lakhimpur, Circuit-House. Finds life excessively dull with nothing to do. Much opium eating. Comments on the bad cooking at Mr Shaw's and feels young men in the Service ought to be taught cooking. Her own cook is excellent. Comments on the imperfections of the rules and regulations of the I.C.S. Travels on the SS Ardgour on the Subansiri River at Burdute Ghat. Describes the Dafflas. Saw mill and tea gardens. Says she loves India in spite of all difficulties. Gauhati - staying with Mr Gunning - his description of the Josseins who live on an island in the Bhramaputra. Remarks on the non-cooperation movement and is sorry fox the Anglo-Indians. Comments on Mrs Blenkworth's bitterness. (Dr Blenkworth is the doctor in Aijal.)
    • 13 December 1923. Nasira Road. Describes dentist's house and railway station. Comments on the servants. Describes the difficulties of household duties. Dak bungalow at Golaghat excellent. House repairs in Shillong - Christmas. Electric illuminations.
    • 9 January 1924. Shillong. Details preparations for next tour in Sylhet. Karemganj - visit the Agricultural Experimental Farm. Nilam Bazaar. Comments on the non-cooperation movement. Report of murder of Englishman in Calcutta - mistaken identity, should have been Mr Tegart, Chief of Police. Meets Mr Bentinck and Mr Mullens and several missionary families in Maulvi Bazaar, one of whom, Mr Pengwern Jones, has been there 40 years.
    • 29 January 1924. Srimangal. Teliapara: Kindness and generosity of tea planters. Shaistagang. Habigang. Witnesses an anti-British demonstration celebrating Gandhi's release from internment. Visits Baniachang.
    • 27 February 1924. Shaestagunj. Women's Hospital (Welsh Mission) no doctor, only qualified nurse, Miss Evans. Conversation with a Mohammedan on why he sends his children to a Christian School, Sylhet, having travelled 70 miles. Meets Mr Rawson, Manager of Sylhet Limestone Crushing Works.
    • 6 March 1924. En route for Calcutta by train: conversation with two American ladies on present Indian political situation. Stays with Mr and Mrs Figg. Dental work.
    • 7 May 1924. Shillong. Details her social life for a week. Has her portrait done by Mrs Maxwell, wife of the Regimental Commanding Officer.
    • March 1925. Travels to Melbourne on the S.S. Khyber and S.S. Neltore.
    • 15 November 1925. Gabru. Touring. Staying in a 'chang', that is, bungalow built on stilts. Whekiajuli - very bad roads - bicycling. Bhramaputra Valley. Orang. Bad cook. Dalgaong - increase of 25,000 Mymensinghi into area. Comments on the futility of the smoking prohibition for juveniles. Mangaldai.
    • 27 November 1925. Camp Kalaigaon. Mangaldai Sub-division. Orange gardens. Meets again Deaconess travelling through villages with Reverend E.K. Surwan - Bishop Hubbuck trying to get her a house. Camp Tangla. Rangir - good, clean bungalow.
    • 18 December 1925. Camp Rehabari. Patarcharkuche. Camp Hilapukri.
    • 2 January 1926. Borpela. Sub-divisional Officer is Muffizir Rahman, wife is Zoi Majid - interesting conversations. Comments that she is meeting more Indians now but has not yet had an Indian meal.
  2. Diary for April 1930. Leaves Shillong. Boat journey to New Zealand via Rangoon, Penang, Port Swettenham, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore - Raffles Hotel, Batavia, Samarang, Sourabaya, Celebes. 25 ff.
  3. "Children of Assam", a collection of 6 children's stories
    • Siemkungi - a little Lushai girl.
    • Thevoni - A little Nagi boy.
    • Ka Sil - A child of the Khasi hills.
    • Thombe - A child of Manipur State.
    • Daku - A little boy from an Assam tea garden.
    • Sita - A little Hindu girl of the Assam plains.


Given by Eleanor M. Fairclough (daughter).

14 Pamphlets:

  1. Anon [Probably Government of India]. Fifty facts about India. 15p. c.1945.
  2. Collis, Maurice. The Burmese scene; political, historical, pictorial. Including the amazing adventures of Wingate's circus. John Crowther, 60p., c.1943.
  3. Hughes, T.L. What happened in Burma. Brittain Publ. Co., 24p., c.1943.
  4. Thein Pe, M. What happened in Burma; the frank revelations of a young Burmese revolutionary leader who has recently escaped from Burma to India. Kitabistan, 59p., 1943.
  5. Richards, C. J. Rainbow Land and other Burmese verses. Herbert Curnow Ltd., 36p., 1948. [33 poems]
  6. "Snilloc". The Opportunists and other Burma tales. (The Rampart Library, No.4),Thacker & Co. Ltd., 102p., 1943. [14 short stories].
  7. Burma Pamphlet No.1. Pearn, B.R. Burma background. 44p., 1943.
  8. Burma Pamphlet No.3. Appleton, G. Buddhism in Burma. 49p., 1943.
  9. Burma Pamphlet No.3. Appleton, G. Buddhismin Burma. Reprint. 49p., 1944.
  10. Burma Pamphlet No.6. Stevenson, H.N.C. The Hill Peoples of Burma. 50p., 1944.
  11. Burma Pamphlet No.7. Richards, C.J. The Burman: an appreciation. 55p., 1945.
  12. Burma Pamphlet No.8. Marshall, Harry I. The Karens of Burma. 40p., 1945.
  13. Burma Pamphlet No.10. Anon. The Burma Petroleum Industry. 65p., 1946.
  14. Burma Pamphlet No.11. Anon. The Birds of Burma. 65p., 1947.

Also 9 Books in Archive [Sco.1-9]:

  1. Murray, publishers. Murray's handbook [for travellers in] India, Burma and Ceylon. John Murray. 15th ed. 792p., 1938.
  2. Thompson, E. and Garratt, G.T. Rise and fulfilment of British rule in India. Macmillan & Co. Ltd. 2nd ed. 690p., 1935.
  3. Kelly, R. Talbot. [Journeys Throughout] Burma. A. & C. Black, Ltd. 2nd ed., revised, 256p., 1933.
  4. Thompson, E. Burmese Silver. Faber and Faber. 5th impression, 216p., 1945. [Novel, set in the Chindwin valley].
  5. Symns, J.M. Songs of a desert optimist; poems of Burma. Nisbet & Co. Ltd. 83p., 1924.
  6. Hartog, Lady Mabel. India in outline. C.U.P. 110p., 1944. [History, geography, politics and economics of India].
  7. Burma [Government in exile]. Burma during the Japanese occupation. Govt. of India Press. 258p., 1944. Endorsed "confidential". [Called vol.II, but is, in fact, a later edition of vol.I, i.e. complete in itself].
  8. Banerjee, Anil Chandra. Annexation of Burma. A. Mukherjee & Bros. 342p., 1944.
  9. Foucar, E.C.V. They reigned in Mandalay. Dennis Dobson Ltd. 165p., 1946.

And: Report on the administration of Burma for the year 1915-16. Office of the Superintendent, Government Printing, Burma. 114p., 1917. [Official Publications - G (591):35].


Received through the good offices of Dr N. Bullock.

Gavin Scott, I.C.S. Joined Service and posted to Burma 1899; sent in 1916 on a mission to Bombay to investigate the administrative system with a view to improving the system in Rangoon; President of Municipality of Rangoon 1917; Scott's new Municipal Act for Rangoon finally approved in 1922.

Typed transcripts of five letters sent by Mr Scott to his father between February and April 1916. The letters were written while Scott was in India to study the Bombay Municipality. They were transcribed by Scott's father so he could send the texts to his other sons abroad. The present transcripts are taken from the father's letters. 11ff.

It is evident from these letters that Mr. Scott had not previously travelled at all widely in India. His descriptions therefore have a freshness which might not have been expected from someone who had already served more than fifteen years in the East. As far as the outward railway journey from Calcutta to Bombay was concerned, Scott says that it was on the last day that the finest views occurred. This was when the line descended sharply from the Ghats to sea level.

Having arrived in Bombay, Scott was immediately impressed with the many splendid stone buildings which reminded him of Scotland. These contrasted with the poorly constructed brick and wooden buildings in Rangoon. Bombay, too, brought Scott's first real glimpse of the grim reality of the First World War when he saw the arrival of the sick and wounded from the battlefields. He found that life in Bombay was arranged in a much more European fashion than it was in Rangoon. People with medium incomes lived in flats as only the very well-off could afford to pay for self-contained bungalows and compounds of the sort which existed in Rangoon.

Scott soon got down to work. His chief contact was P.R. Cadell, I.C.S. who was in charge of the Bombay Municipality and responsible for roads, street cleaning and all aspects of public health. Scott later studied the Bombay Improvement Trust and read its reports back to 1899. His initial views of the city changed. He was struck by its age, its insanitary areas and the narrowness of its streets. In some respects he felt Rangoon had been more fortunate. When the British captured the city in 1852 they had very largely destroyed it. Officers of the East India Company had redeveloped Rangoon with a grid of parallel streets and there were many wide thoroughfares. Rangoon, he felt, would never become such a nest of slums as Bombay was.

Scott made visits to Ahmadabad and Surat and included a chapter in his report on those municipalities. He travelled back to Calcutta by way of Delhi, Agra and Lucknow.

(Small collections)


The Reverend H.R. Scott. European missionary in Rajkot 1883-97; at the Surat Mission in 1926-28.

Photocopies given by Ms C. Fookes.

  1. Correspondence between the Reverend Scott and Mahatma Gandhi. Scott's letters (from Surat) are dated 12 and 24 February 1926. Gandhi's (from Ashram, Sabarmati) are dated 16 and 23 February 1926.

    Scott wrote to Gandhi because he had been reading Gandhi's "story" in Young India. He was concerned about what Gandhi had said about Christian missionaries in Rajkot standing on a street corner near the High School and pouring abuse on Hindus and their gods. Scott wrote that he was the only missionary in Rajkot during those years. He had never preached near the High School nor had he abused Hindus and their gods.

    Gandhi replied that he was totally unable to say whether the thing related at the time at Rajkot was true and he had said so in the chapter. But his recollection of the preacher near the High School was vivid. Gandhi added that later experience had shown him many Christian Indians drinking, eating meat and wearing European clothes. He had also heard many missionaries attack Hinduism and its gods. He had read worse in the publications of missionary institutions. However there was then, and had been for some time, a tendency towards toleration of other faiths.

    In his retort, Scott said his rule had been to avoid all reference to the Hindu Gods. If, in answer to a question, he cited from the Hindu Sacred Books, he ought not to be accused of abusing Hindus. He accepted that many Indian Christians ate meat and drank liquor. They got no encouragement from the missionaries to do this. Missionaries did their best by both precept and example to make them total abstainers like themselves. 7ff.

  2. The Reverend Scott to the Director of Public Instruction, Poona dated 14/15 March 1928. Review by Scott of the first part of Gandhi's Autobiography or Experiments in Truth. 4ff.

(Small collections)


Given by Mr John Radford (grandson).

Lady Nora Scott was the wife of the Honourable Sir John Scott. Sir John had been admitted as a barrister of the Inner Temple in 1865 and from 1874 served on the International Court of Appeal in Egypt. In 1882 he was appointed a puisne judge of the Bombay Court. However in 1890 he returned to Egypt as Judicial Adviser to the Khedive and held this post until 1898 when he was appointed Deputy Judge Advocate General to H.M. Forces.

Box 1

  1. Typed transcript of a journal kept by Lady Scott during her years in India, commencing March 6th 1884 and ending 10th April 1886. The transcript was made by Lady Scott probably around 1910. 600ff. approx.

Box 2

  1. 3 manuscript diary entries from the journal for December 1884 and June 1886. 140ff. +20ff in John Scott's hand.
  2. Mixture of manuscript and transcript diary entries between November 1887 and June 1889.

    The journal covers the period 1884-1889 but includes a short preface and epilogue. Lady Scott explains that she did not immediately go out with her husband to Bombay as it had been decided she should spend the first winter in England with their five young children whom they were to leave behind with relatives. In 1883 her husband took advantage of the High Court's vacation to join her in Alexandria for the last part of her journey to Bombay. In 1890 the Government of India agreed to loan Mr Scott's services to the Government of Egypt, initially for a year, and she writes 'so the old saying came true for us - "If you drink the water of the Nile, you must return to it"'.

    The journal gives a full account of the routines of daily life and social events in Bombay and the surrounding countryside against the background of developments in the Court.

    About a fifth of the manuscript has been published under the editorship of Mr Radford as: An Indian Journal. By Nora Scott. London: The Radcliffe Press, 1994. [Archive MISC.131]


(Robert Scott Moncrieff)

Given by Miss K. Scott Moncrieff

Microfilm No. 30


  • Calcutta, 3 May 1867: help to prisoners;
  • Calcutta, 7 May 1867: material sent home, clothes required;
  • Calcutta, 7 May 1867: finance;
  • Calcutta, 10 May 1867: condolence;
  • Calcutta, 19 May 1867: good balance sheet for 1866-67; health.
  • (Microfilm indecipherable.) Seventeen and a half years since in India.
  • Calcutta, 3 June 1867 to father: Elected President of the Bengal Chamber of Commerce (which usually leads to being offered a chair in the Legislative Council of the Government of India, which he will refuse as he did the seat in the Lieutenant Governor of Bengal's Council);
  • Calcutta, 11 June 1867: arrangements for leave; description of illness; substitutes during his absence;
  • Calcutta, 15 June 1867: (almost indecipherable) about leave;
  • Calcutta, August 1868: business letters from Dollar.
  • Calcutta, Letter about dismissal on 30 April 1870 from company (enforced by two other members.)
  • Calcutta, 15 December 1868. Zenana work in Calcutta.
  • Bengal, February 1869: business;
  • 5 February 1869: indigo cultivation mentioned as a possible business venture;
  • 5 March 1869: indigo and crop mentioned;
  • 2 June 1869: the indigo plant briefly described.
  • 23 June 1869: his partners have no confidence in his ability to run an indigo concern; description of starting the indigo factories; methods used; Scott Moncrieff's unusual kindness 'no thrashing'; the results of his policy of kindness; no oppression by manager; silk plants also (filatures); attitude of managers to workers; quality of silk; difficulty of getting 'sober managers'; profits.
  • Attached, a statement of 'Costs and results of indigo cultivation at Salghurmoodea, during twelve seasons from 1848-49 to 1859-60 inclusive'.
  • Letters written 24 June, 1,2 and 5 September 1869: his capital in the firm repaid; Sunday closing questioned. 158pp.

Diary, Vol. 1:

  • 1 April 1868 - Dalkeith. 15 April - news of fighting near Kohat, in Calcutta newspaper, received in Dollar. 24 April - requests to return to India in place of ill partner; news of his brother-in-law's death from wounds. 30 April - attends meeting in London, in aid of Calcutta Female Normal School.
  • 18 September - leaves home travelling via London, Paris, Aix-les-Bains, Turin, Genoa, Florence, Leghorn, Pisa, Florence arriving in Rome on 1 October 1868; then Naples.
  • 6 October - embarks on the steamer Cairo from Brindisi to Alexandria; train to Suez by the new route via Zig-a-Zag. 11 October - leave Suez on the Madras; account of voyage. 25 October - arrive Bombay. 29 October - Nagpore, missionary circles; hears of vacancy, through death of manager of the Darbungal estates in Tirhoot (in the gift of the Lieutenant Governor of Bengal). 30 October - fourteen miles from Jubbulpore; Jubbulpore; Allahabad; Mirzapore; Benares; Shahabad.
  • 9 November - Dehree-on-Soane, visiting three indigo factories of the Dehree concern. 10 November - Balleah factory; Scott Moncrieff talks to manager about oppression; Seepah factory. 14 November - Monghyr; prospect of severe famine in C.P., N.W.P. and Punjab; failure of rains; Government inaugurating measures for relief; he writes to the Governors of above provinces. 22 November - Calcutta; Doualdpore; Murjowe. 28 November - Calcutta; takes breakfast with the Viceroy, Sir John Lawrence and talks about indigo and famine; talks to Mr. Guy, the Lieutenant Governor; goes to Barrackpore which he likes very much.
  • 18 December - Jiffaghur. 31 December - finds no support from merchants in wishing to give Sir John Lawrence a farewell address; he is in disfavour.
  • 12 January 1869 - his address to Sir John appears in newspaper, signed by Europeans; Earl Mayo arrives to be sworn in as Viceroy. 16 January - says goodbye to Sir John Lawrence. 25 January - arranges to buy Salghurmoodea silk filature near Kooshka for Rs 40,000; description of sale and what it meant.
  • 9 February - Salghurmoodea factory; goes to take over the Kooshka factory; his arrival and subsequent work in getting factory going; no indigo planting that season, no Sunday work; later entry describes means of persuading ryots to cultivate indigo, very liberal in outlook; plans to sell off part of the property, and realizes he has been rash.
  • 20 March - they go to the factory where the ryots have taken the advance money for indigo-planting and have not planted it; the manager wants the ring-leaders flogged; Scott Moncrieff will not allow it; persuades ryots to sow. 27 March - silk of very good quality being turned out.
  • 14 April - indigo sowing begun.
  • 30 May - description of small riot against Scott Moncrieff, the consequences and reasons for it; has made it known he will not bribe officials. 232pp.

Diary Vol. II (from Tuesday 8 June 1869):

  • 20 June - native Christians from Calcutta are to visit his factory, to see whether others from Calcutta would settle there.
  • 13 July - meets some Christians who wish to migrate. 22 July - at factory, finds Christians want to return to Calcutta. 31 July - indigo harvest begun - good; hears complaints at Tribanee about Christians' indolence; he speaks to then severely.
  • 7 August - Christians improved; indigo crop very good.
  • 5 September - returns from indigo factories; good in comparison with others.
  • 17 September - gets loan of Rs. 20,000 at 11 per cent per annum; shows indigo to brokers; very fine quality; valued at 320/- Rs.; sells crop at 317.8.0 Rs. - over 100 per cent profit on cost of indigo; the market affected by Napoleon III's illness; arrangements for going home; superintendence etc.
  • 20 October - starts for home.
  • 6 November - leaves Bombay; voyage in detail.
  • 2 December - arrives London.
  • Spends December 1869 - April 1870 in Scotland; 30 April - 20 June touring in France. 20 June 1870 - in Scotland
  • August - news of Franco-Prussian war; the war makes it impossible to sell silk and indigo; news of effect on commerce in India.
  • September - begins to prepare for return to India; news bad from indigo plantations through floods.
  • 8 October - leaves England; news at Aden of indigo and silk crop; 5 November - arrives Bombay; 14 December - prospect of opening another factory.
  • 7 January 1871 - concern over ill-treatment of natives.
  • 2 March - Serryah; a steam engine used here and Dooriah for the vat-heating machinery and pumps; a great saving. 13 March - silk filatures not financially worth while and reasons.
  • 16 May - inspects greater part of indigo cultivation at all factories; survey.
  • 13 June - examines accounts at end of Bengalee year and finds his position critical. 22 June - spring crop nearly ruined.
  • 17 July - mismanagement at Pearpore factory. 19 July - very grave financial situation. 26 July - prospect of selling his property to pay off debts. 28 July - scheme for winding up property.
  • 14 August - his partners resolve to sell the whole of his property. 16 August - offered post in London.
  • 15 October - conveys whole property to company; faces ruin. 27 October - more about accounts and money.
  • 4 December - leaves Calcutta for Suez; in Mediterranean Sea on 31 December 1871.
  • 16 January 1872 - arrives back in Edinburgh; later entries all from Scotland, contain news of his indigo business which he hears from India, and on which his finances depend.
  • 7 January 1873 - decides to return to Calcutta to seek employment, and supports family.
  • 2 February - offered job for one year. 27 February - leaves London for Calcutta.
  • 28 March - arrives Bombay.
  • 18 April - arrives Calcutta; his prospects in Steel's firm good, if health holds out.
  • 15 May - assessment and value of estate which is for sale; indigo crop good.
  • 2 August - visits Kalliachuck factory, HQ of Goamalty concern, one of the oldest in Bengal; reads over letters addressed to Mr. Grant (later Lord Glenelg) proprietor, dated 1791-1807. 5 August - visits house of first Baptist miss in Bengal (in 1788).
  • 21 September - volume ends, with him saying how he has been stripped of this world's goods. 413pp.

Books donated:

  • Letters of Alexander Scott-Moncrieff. Printed for private circulation by William Blackwood & Sons, 1914. 229pp. (Archive SC1.)
  • The Life of Sir Colin C. Scott-Moncrieff. Edited by his niece, Mary Albright Hollings. Publ. by John Murray. 1917. 374pp. (Archive SC2.)


C.M. Scriven, Esq.,

'Thirty years in Burma - a Memoir' (dated 1984) by Mr Scriven who lived in Burma until he emigrated to New Zealand in 1949. He describes inter-war social life in Burma; his schooling and career (chiefly in the Burma customs); the operation of the Burma railways (his father was a railway engineer); and Burmese nationalism against the background of the second world war. Typescript. 3 ff.

(Small collections)


(F.S. Sellek, M.B.E.)

  1. Map of Bombay and surrounding country: 1st edition 1934, scale- 1inch:2miles, publ. by Survey of India Office.
  2. Road map of India: 5th (revised) edition, 1939, scale- 50miles:1inch, publ. by Survey of India Office.
  3. Memoirs of F.S. Sellek, 1916-47. (Hand written in 1968, 31pp). He was in the Indian Posts and Telegraph Department:
    • 1918 - Madras, Bangalore, Delhi (Secretariat Telegraph Office ).
    • 1919 - Quetta during Afghan troubles; Karachi.
    • 1923 - Madras; installation of India-Burma radio link.
    • 1927 - Miram Shah and Bannu N.W.F.P.; telegraph system set up between forts; Jandola, South Waziristan; meets T.E. Lawrence.
    • 1930 - Bombay; in charge of Bombay radio.
    • 1931 - Karachi; connection with aviation; problems in communications in early days of commercial flying.
    • 1935 - transmission and the Quetta earthquake.
    • 1937 - installation of radio facilities for sea-plane base at Gwalior.
    • 1938 - Karachi; wireless facilities in the control tower of new aerodrome; Superintendent of Aeronautical Wireless, HQ. Karachi.
    • 1939 - women's war-work, with wounded troops from North Africa.
    • 1942 - in control of civil facilities of Civil and Service Aeronautical Wireless.

Book presented:

Wonderful India, and three of her beautiful neighbours - Ceylon, Burma, Nepal.
Publ. Calcutta, Statesman and Times of India, 511pp. n.d. but post 1937. (Archive S1).


Papers belonging to Brian M. Selwyn, Chairman, Planters Association of Ceylon, 1927-40.

Donated by Mrs Iris Seaton (daughter).

File 1

Deals with correspondence concerning the Planters Association with references to the Propaganda Board, Typhoo Tea Company, wages scales, labour recruiting, regulation of rubber supply, report and schedule of tour taken by Mr Selwyn in June 1933 of Southern Madras State - the repatriates, agencies and the Immigration Fund and the Labour Commission including Mandapam Camp, viewpoints on repatriation from various planters. 178 ff.

File 2

Pages of photographs from journals such as The Times of Ceylon, n.d. but approximately 1910-1938 showing ceremonial occasions and rural scenes. 35 ff.

File 3

Green volume entitled 'Newspaper Cuttings', mostly concerned with Planters Association articles, tea and rubber, wages and retirement homes, articles on Mr Selwyn, menu card (loose) 1928, obituaries, photographs and report of Mr and Mrs Seaton's wedding


(W. McC. Sharpe)

Microfilm No. 10

  • Report of the Dacca Riots Enquiry Committee. Alipore, Bengal, Bengal Government Press, 1942.
    60 pp. and six appendices of 25 pp. In three parts: Dacca city; rural areas; recommendations. Appendix E contains five photographs of the damage; appendix F contains map of the town.
  • Report of the trial and judgement of Surja Sen, alias Master de Tarakeswar Dastidar and Kalpana Datta under the Bengal Criminal Act etc. at Darjeeling 7 June 1933. Includes exhibits produced at the trial, including statements made to the Tribunal and propaganda and instructions made by the Indian Republic Army, and copies of documents found and used in evidence. W. McC. Sharpe, member of the special Tribunal.
    147 pp, plus 24 pp. of documents.


Given by Mrs. V. Shaw Stewart

Microfilm No. 27

  • Twenty-nine letters from B.Y. Shaw Stewart to his parents and others from India, 1898-1904; one letter about Shaw Stewart from General Neville Chamberlain, 1898; two letters from General Shaw Stewart 1858.
  • Report on the Madras Sappers and the Corps of Engineers to the Court of Enquiries, by General Shaw Stewart, with separate covering letter 1 February (-1861 or 1862).


  1. 'Short historical notice of the Madras Club', by H.D. Love. (For private circulation only). Chepak, 25 November 1901. Printed 1902. 48 pp. octavo, diagram.
  2. Printed letter from J.H. Garstin to ladies in 'Madras about proposals to alter the existing manner of paying visits in Madras. Single sheet octavo, n.d.
  3. Printed letter of welcome to the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, Governor of Fort St. George, on his visit to Trinichinopoly on 13 November 1878, after he had exerted himself untiringly in famine relief.
  4. A 'welcome sonnet' to the Rt. Hon. Grant Duff, Governor of Madras, by the habitants of Gudiathum in the North Arcot District. No date. (The first letters of each line spell vertically 'Welcome our Duff'.) Single sheet, small.
  5. Translation of a Tamil lyric, sung at the reception of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales at Maniachi, Tinnevelly. No date. Single sheet.
  6. Music at Government House, Guindy park, lst April 1880. Programme. (on occasion of Prince of Wales' visit.)
  7. Programme for Madras Races Thursday 27 January 1881. Single sheet.
  8. Advertisement of house to be let or sold - Caerlaverock in Ootacamund, 1 October 1886.
  9. Programme on card of the Dasara, 16-25 October 1885.
  10. Five invitation cards from the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos to Colonel Shaw Stewart, Government House, Madras.
  11. Five invitation cards from Indians to Colonel Shaw Stewart, one undated; the others dated 1874; 1880; 1884; 1886. (Two from Her Highness Nawab Khair-un-Nisa Begum Sahibah.) Also one programme of entertainment and one advertisement of a photographer in an envelope.
  12. Menus: three duplicates for St. Andrew's Day 1880; eight other menus 1880, 1883, 1885 (two for public schools). One 'in memoriam' poem to a dead child, Eardley Bruce Norton, 1884.
  13. East India Company's Military Seminary. General report of the progress of the gentlemen cadets for the month of May 1850. Very large folded sheet, printed.


Given by Sir Harold Shoobert

(Received 21 June 1968)

Papers relating to the claims of the Begam A. U. Wali-ud-Dowla against the Nizam of Hyderabad.

  1. Letter from Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru to W.V. Grigson about the Begam Wali-ud-Dowla's Case. Allahabad 21 August, 1947.
  2. Copy of his letter to the Begam. Memorandum prepared by Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru on the case.
  3. Application to be made to R.M. the Nizam about the case.
  4. Opinion

    in re Begam A.U. Wali-ud-Dowla of Hyderabad Deccan: in the matters of the claims of Mahboob Begam and Qadra Begam by Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, Allahabad, 21 August 1947. (Case formerly argued at Hyderabad before the Royal Commission, July and August 1944). 9pp.

  5. Letter from W.V. Grigson to the Begam Sahiba Wali-ud-Dowla, 26 August 1947.
  6. Note

    in re Begam Wali-ud-Dowla's case. A brief sketch of the life and career of Nawab Wali-ud-Dowla, signed by Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, Allahabad 20 October 1944, 48pp.

  7. List of papers

    in re Begam Wali-ud-Dowla's Case.

  8. 2 copies of letters from E.P. Caspersz to Mr. Touche, M.P., 30 November 1946 and 7 October 1946.
  9. Bundle of papers relating to the Schillergunge Estate, including annual accounts from 1866 to1929.
  10. Memorandum, 19 February 1948 by Edward P. Caspersz, Schillergunge P.O., Mathibaria, Bakarganj District, E. Bengal. Part 2 of 8 March 1948. Written to show why special consideration should be shown compared with other landowners, in case of acquisition by Government, 6pp.


(A.G. Shoosmith, O.B.E., A.R.I.B.A, and Mrs. Shoosmith.)

Lent by Mrs. A.G. Shoosmith

India General. 1923-1972

BOX A 142 [O/S Rm.18]

Newspaper cuttings:

  1. a.& b. 'The Many Wonders of New Delhi', article by Mrs. Shoosmith (M.C. Shoosmith) in The Pioneer, Monday, 23 December 1929. (2 copies).
  2. 'Marvels of New Delhi, a sight-seeing trip round 'Lutyens' city'. The Statesman, Sunday, 8 February 1931.
  3. 'The Miracle of New Delhi: how a mammoth task was accomplished'. (Two small articles on Sir Herbert Baker and Sir Alexander Rouse). The Statesman, Sunday, 8 February 1931.
  4. The Architectural Review, Vol. LXIX No.410, January 1931. Entirely on New Delhi.
  5. The Times Weekly Edition, 29 June 1933. Photographs: Delhi Ancient and Modern in India's Capital.
  6. Country Life, 11 September 1926. Article on 'Government House, Delhi' by Christopher Hussey. 4pp.
  7. Country Life. 9 May 1931. Article: 'Recent Architecture' by Christopher Hussey, includes comment on New Delhi.
  8. Country Life Summer Number, 6 June 1931. Editorial on New Delhi. Article on New Delhi by Robert Byron: I. 'The Architecture of New Delhi'.
  9. Country Life 13 June 1931. Article: New Delhi II. 'The Interior of the Viceroy's House', by Robert Byron.
  10. Country Life, 20 June 1931. Articles: 'What I think of modern architecture' by Sir Edwin Lutyens. New Delhi. III. 'The Decoration of the Viceroy's House' by Robert Byron.
  11. Country Life, 27 June 1931. Article: New Delhi IV. 'The setting of the Viceroy's House', by Robert Byron.
  12. Country Life, 4 July 1931. Article: New Delhi V. 'The architecture of Sir Herbert Baker' by Robert Byron.
  13. Country Life, 25 July 1931. Article: 'Craftsmanship in the Viceroy's House, New Delhi', By A.S.O.
  14. Country Life, 12 December 1931. Articles: (a)'A Tudor House adapted for Today: Legh Manor near Cuckfield, Sussex': with alterations by Sir Edwin Lutyens, R.A. (b)"Modern electric light fittings". Illustrations: Fittings in Viceroy's House, New Delhi, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.
  15. Country Life, 12 January 1967. Articles: 'Early treatment of Country Houses', by Christopher Hussey, including photographs and comment on Lutyens' work. 'Portrait of a perfectionist: Edward Hudson the founder of Country Life' including comment on Lutyens.
  16. Mrs A.G. Shoosmith's writings, also under her maiden name, M.C. Reid. Xerox copy of poems written about childhood in India and a Diary of a trek from the Liddar Valley to the Sind valley (Kashmir) 62pp. n.d.


  1. Indian State Railways Magazine
    • December 1928
    • April 1929
    • April 1930
    • February 1931 (3 copies, pp.401-450 missing from second)
  2. Articles:
    • 'New Delhi', by Sir Alexander Rouse (Early history)
    • 'The Council House', by A.H. Byrt.
    • 'The Mural Paintings at New Delhi', by Percy Brown.
    • 'The Design of New Delhi' by A.G. Shoosmith.
  3. Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects, 8 May 1939. Article on 'Railway Stations'.
  4. JRIBA August 1941. Article on 'Concert Music in the Albert Hall' only.


  1. The Nineteenth Century and after February 1938. Article: 'Present-Day architecture in India', by A.G. Shoosmith.
  2. The Sunday Times Magazine, 14 May 1972. Article: 'The Master Builders: 13' Sir Edwin Lutyens, by David Gebhard, photographs by Robert Freson.
  3. RIBA Journal April 1979. Article: 'The Viceroy's House in Imperial Delhi', by Peter Smithson.
  4. RIBA. Journal, October 1969. Photograph of Lutyens' model caricature.
  5. Programmes: 'The Inauguration of, New Delhi'.
    • The unveiling of The Dominion Columns, 19 February 1931.
    • People's Fete, Delhi Fort. 11 February 1931.
    • The Ceremony of Commemoration on the completion of the Indian War Memorial Arch, 12 February 1931.
  6. Journal of the East India Association, April 1933. Article: 'Calcutta as Capital' by C. Collin Davies.
  7. Extracted miscellaneous articles from the Indian State Railways Magazine:
  8. Article from The Pioneer 6 February 1931. A shelter for poor travellers. India's memorial to Lady Hardinge Serai opened at Paharganj.
  9. Small scrap of paper with faint drawing.
  10. Extracts from The Bengal Bihar and Central India Annual 1931.
    Article: New Delhi by Mrs: A.G. Shoosmith
    Editorial: As it was in beginning: a brief outline of Britain's early connection with India - and the foundation of the Hon. East India Company
  11. Another copy of both articles.
  12. Newspaper cuttings:
    • 'Havoc: Vizapatam and Waltair' by M.C. Reid, Madras Mail, 17 November 1923. Original and xerox copy. Part of another xerox copy.
    • 'Through the Agency Hills to Jeypore', by M.C. Reid. From the Bengal-Nagpur Railway Magazine, April 1925. A xerox copy of this article is included.
    • Xerox copy - 'A Railway Soliloquy', Bengal-Nagpur Railway Magazine, n.d.
  13. Indian State Railways Magazine, March 1928.
    Article: 'Vizagapatam Harbour', by Col. Cartwright Reid, C.B. (father of Mrs. Shoosmith and Engineer-in-Chief of the Harbour).
  14. 'Vizagapatam Harbour' - visit of H.E. the Rt. Hon. Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, Baron Irwin of Kirby-Under-Dale, P.C. G.M.S.I., G.M.I.E. Viceroy and Governor-General of India. 9 August 1927. A descriptive pamphlet of the construction and history of the harbour.
  15. Coloured painting of Vizagapatam Harbour: the new port of Middle Eastern India. The Times Weekly Edition, 29 June 1933.
  16. The Architectural Association Journal, March 1941. (part only).

See: Photographs - approx 1150 photos (mainly architectural) in Boxes 34 to 36 and L14.


Comprising mainly those papers concerning (among others):

  • Capt. Charles Lionel Showers, 1781-1815,
  • his brother Col. Howe Daniel Showers, 1786-1829,
  • two of Howe's sons: Maj. Gen. St. George Daniel Showers, 1808-1865,
  • and Lt. Gen. Charles Lionel Showers, 1816-1895,
  • Charles's son Col. Herbert Lionel Showers, 1862-1916,
  • Herbert's wife Christian Stirling-Showers, 1879-1975(?),
  • and their son Lionel James Showers, 1904- [aka "Lin"]
       [See: Showers Family Tree, 1440 onwards. (Box 1)]

Given at various times by Lionel James Showers and his cousin, Eden Showers, 1900- .

Box 1.

Items 1 - 17:

Xerox copies of seventeen letters from Colonel Howe Showers, 1826-28, to his son, later Major General St. George Showers, written after the father had become ill at Allahabad and was on his way home down the Ganges, first to Calcutta and then to England, where he was soon to die. The letters are purely personal, and admonitary, and reflect anxiety about promotion and preferment, and the necessity of good behaviour and patronage to obtain both.

Printed papers about Lt. Gen. C.L. Showers:

  1. Newspaper cutting from The Home News 27 September 1895, with obituary of Lt. Gen. Charles Lionel Showers.
  2. Memorandum of Colonel C.L. Showers' services in the Political Department, 14 pp.
  3. Memorandum on Colonel C.L. Showers (regarding his removal from the Political Service). 18 pp.
  4. Appendix to the memorandum above, pp. 27-49. Reprints of letters etc., about Colonel Showers' action at Neemuch and Neembahera.
  5. Proposal of a plan for remodelling the Government of India by Captain Charles Showers, Bengal Army, Political Agent for the States of Rajpootana (sic). London, 1853.
  6. 'The Central Asian question', by Charles Lionel Showers. London, 1873.
  7. 'The Central Asian question and massacre at the Cabin Embassy', by Major-General C.L. Showers. London, 1879.
  8. 'Commercial treaties and foreign competition; a treatise on "fair trade"', by C. Halford Thompson. London, 1881.
  9. Indian history and Colonel G.B. Malleson, C.S.I. being a correspondence between the author of 'Kaye re-written' and Major-General C.L. Showers. London, 1881.
  10. a, b. The Cossack at the Gate of India by Lt. Gen. Showers. 2nd ed. London, 1885. (2 copies)
  11. Book: A missing chapter of the Indian mutiny by Lt. Gen. Lionel Showers. London, 1888.

Box 2

Envelope A - early history of Colonel H.L. Showers:

  1. Certificate of enrolment with Mussoorie Volunteer Rifle Corps. 1877-79.
  2. Copy of questions to be answered by a candidate for first appointment to a commission in the Auxiliary Forces. 6 May 1881.
  3. Copy of certificate of H.L. Showers' studies at Dehru Dun and Landour School from H.A. Donald. 29 July 1879.
  4. Certificate of studies from H.A. Donald, Mussoorie. 20 July 1880.
  5. Letter from H.L. Showers in 9th Foot (Norfolk Regiment) attached to the 17th B.N.I. from Suakin, Sudan, 25 March 1885, to his father. Describes an engagement in which the B.N.I. gave way and asks why this was. (copy) 4 pp.
  6. TS copy of part of another letter from H.L. Showers, 15 April 1885, to his father.
  7. MS letter from C.L. Showers, to H.L., 3 December 1887, about oratory.
  8. MS letter from H.L. Showers to his father from Buklol, 27 December 1886.
  9. Letter from H.L. Showers to his father, 25 December 1889, Rajputana, about promotion and trying to get into the Political Service; sets out his qualifications.
  10. An epilogue to be spoken at a play; a song written on board R.M.S. Oriental, 26 March 1891.
  11. Collection of nine miscellaneous letters to H.L. Showers and his father.

Envelope B - contains notes etc. on the lives of various members of the Showers family:

  1. Envelope containing extract (copy) of a letter about Colonel (later Brigadier) St. G.D. Showers written 14 August 1857, and his exploits during the siege of Delhi.
  2. Unnamed, undated extract MS about Colonel Showers during siege of Delhi.
  3. MS copy of extract of dispatches relating to the death of Captain C.L. Showers of the 19th Regiment Bengal Infantry, in the attack on Malown on 15 April 1815.
  4. Newspaper cutting from The Statesman October 1833 about the credit due to Captain C.L. Showers rather than General Ochterlony for the success of the assault on Malown.
  5. Photograph of Captain C.L. Showers' memorial tablet in St. John's Church, Calcutta.

Large letter book A - Lt. Gen. C.L. Showers:

Contains largely the MS material referred to in his pamphlets and book A missing chapter of the Indian mutiny - the letters and statements in support of his action at Neemuch and Neembahera in 1857, which actions led to his dismissal from the Political Service, and transfer to the Military:

  • A1. Letter from J.D. Cunningham, Loodiana, 15 December 1849, about his own memorial and re-instatement; has seen Lord Dalhousie.
  • A2. Part of a letter to General - from Camp Ramnuggur 28 February 1849 describing a successful action by the British against Sikh and Afghan forces at Gujerat. It seems to be a copy, corrected before re-writing by C.L. Showers. See A4.
  • A3. MS extract.
  • A4. Set of papers, originally tied together, comprising copies of appendices A - D, No. 44 from the Secretary to the Government of India, to Captain C.L. Showers, Rajputana, 30 January 1849 - orders to march to Lahore with Rajput Horse; operations near Wazirabad. Appendix D - letter of recommendation for services in campaign from General F. Markham. Copy of memorial of Captain C.L. Showers (14th B.N.l:) A.G.G., Rajputana, to the Court of Directors dated 2 February 1850, camp near Neemuch - pleading he was not mentioned in the Gazette for brevet promotions; describes the battle of Gujerat in detail.
  • A5. Report from Captain C.L. Showers, Officiating P.A. Jaipur, to Col. J. Low, A.G.G., Rajputana, Jaipur 30 November 1849, replying to request to report on the debts due by the Jaipur Government, and anything else interesting. Detailed account of finance, including Maharaja's private purse, and the necessity for assuming management of his affairs during his minority; statement of estimated revenue. 16 pp.
  • A6. Memorandum .... by Captain Showers ... regarding his employments in the Punjab during the campaign of 1848-49; further accounts of events before and during the battle of Gujerat and defending the independent action he took; copies of orders received during campaign and after with pencil annotations - - by Showers. 12 pp.
  • A7. Extract from a letter from the A.G.G., Rajputana (Lt. Col. Sutherland) to Undersecretary Foreign Department, 23 April 1846. Reference to C.L. Showers. 4 pp.
  • A8. Second extract from the same, applying for the services of C.L.S., 23 June 1847. 1 p.
  • A9. Appointment to Rajputana Agency, 6 July 1847. 1 p.
  • A10. Copies of letters from the A.G.G. to Lt. C.L. Showers about his kind treatment of outlawed chiefs (Seekur family) 3 November 1847. 7 pp.
  • A11. Unfinished diary written on folded sheets, of military operations around Ferozepur.16 pp.
  • A12. Copy of draft (much corrected) of official letter from Captain Showers, Officiating Political Agent, Jaipur to Colonel Sir Henry Lawrence A.G.G., Rajputana, 2 May 1855. Observations on the state of Jaipur December 1854 - May 1855. 46 pp.
  • A13. Three empty envelopes addressed to Captain Showers. 2 with seals; post mark on one: 28 May 1857, Neemuch.
  • A14. Letter to Captain Showers from General Markham congratulating him on 'your successful affair at Neembhaira' etc.
  • A15. Two letters in a form of Hindi, 1857.
  • A16. Three letters from Sir Henry Lawrence about salary etc.
  • A17. Copies of narratives of occurrences in Delhi written 'by a native residing within the walls of the city commencing 11 May 1857'. 6 pp. Native news from the city of Delhi 22 July 1857. (copy) 2 pp. Letter from a friend from Delhi. n.d. 5 pp.
  • A18. Letter from Captain J.D. Macdonald, Doongra 6 June 1857 asking for help. 1 p.
  • A19. Copy of Dr. Murray's narrative of the mutiny at Neemuch 3 June (1857). 7 pp.
  • A20. MS drafts and copies of supporting letters, of memorial to the Secretary of State, by Major Showers, on the Neembhara affair in 1857 and its consequences. 8 pp.
  • A21. Copy of general report on Meywar during the recent rebellion in India 1857-58. 82 pp.
  • A22. Purport of a Khureeta from Captain Showers, Officiating Political Agent, Meywar, to the Muharaj Tookoo Rao Holkar (sic) 14 July 1857, and reply 26 July 1857.
  • A23. Copy of a letter from Captain Showers to Colonel Durand, A.G.G. Indore, references of good conduct during the mutiny of various individuals. 2 pp.
  • A24. Copy of a letter from Captain Showers in Neemuch to Brigadier General G.S.P. Lawrence, Officiating A.G.G., Rajputana 28 September 1857. Account of the proceedings and military operations which resulted in the occupation of Neembahera. 8 pp.
  • A25. Correspondence between Major W.F.Eden, Officiating A.G.G. Rajputana, the P.A. Gwalior, the Superintendent Neemuch, the Secretary to the Governor-General Cecil Beadon and Captain Showers etc. about the investigation into the supposed buried treasure at Neemuch, 13-28 January 1860: (Captain Showers accused of exceeding his legitimate sphere of duty, and his reply etc.) 29 pp.
  • A26. This item was returned to Colonel L.J. Showers in 1970.
  • A27. Copy of a letter from F.B. to his mother and signed as a true copy by C.H. Barnes of the 2nd Horse Artillery, about mutineers at-Kotah. 13 - 1857.
  • A28. Extract of letter about the fight before Delhi on 14 July 1857 with statistics of killed or wounded.
  • A29. Two letters in -Urdu.
  • A30. Thirteen letters from the Nawab of Jowra to Captain Showers from Jowra 11 July 1857-14 June 1858 - references to Delhi; the Mundesore rebellion; requesting help from mutineers still at large who have plundered Malaghur, and are in Partabgarh and Bundeswara; regretting death of Sir Henry Lawrence, and the 'Nimbhara transaction' etc.
  • A31. Copy of substance of a native letter ... events at Delhi .... 11th and 12th May (signed) by C.L. Showers. 5 pp.
  • A32. Part of a letter from General Durand.
  • A33. Letter from Captain Showers Officiating Political Agent, Meywar, to Brigadier General G.S.P. Lawrence Officiating A.G.G. Rajputana, Udaipur, 5 March 1858, giving information relevant to military operations in the Kotah region. 9 pp.
  • A34. Dispatch from General G. Lawrence asking Captain Showers for report on his pursuit of the Neemuch. mutineers, 17 August 1857.
  • A35. Copy of a letter from General Chamberlain, camp before Delhi 13 July 1857, giving statistics of forces.
  • A36. Extract of a letter from Colonel Keith Young 12 August 1857.
  • A37. Copy of letter in romanized vernacular from the Nawab of Jowra, n.d. n.p.
  • A38. Letter from - Neemuch 31 May -1857 about the conditions of Neemuch - reporting news from Colonel Durand all quiet at Agra and giving other military news.
  • A39. Letter from Colonel Ebden to C.L. Showers 1 June 1857 from Mount Abu reporting Colonel G. Lawrence's orders about attitude towards mutineers and urging frequent communication.
  • A40. Letter from Colonel Sir Richmond Shakespear, Baroda, 9 August 1857 about Durand's tactics near Lucknow; Lawrence and Hutchinson etc.
  • A41. Letter from Colonel Abbot 17 July 1857 - testimonial to second officer.
  • A42. Seven letters from Colonel Durand, 1857:
    • Indore, 26 May - no troops for Rajputana.
    • Indore, 29 June - no European troops available; news of Gwalior rising; his own position.
    • Camp Burware, right bank of River Narbudda, 29 July - about advance to Mhow; other mutiny news.
    • Mhow, 9 August - incomplete letter asking for news of Delhi; Brigadier Stuart there.
    • Mhow, 27 August - uneasy quiet.
    • Mhow, 16 September - reinforcements arrive; Mundesore insurrection growing less.
    • Camp Mundesore, 27 November - regarding fugitives and military operations.
  • A43. United Service Gazette, 22 November 1884 - obituaries of General Sir George St. Patrick Lawrence and Colonel Barnes; the latter fought at Neembahera, 1857.
  • A44. From Secretary to the Government in India to A.G.G., Rajputana, 2 October 1857 about Captain Showers' presence at Neemuch.
  • A45. From Captain Showers to Brigadier General G. Lawrence justifying his actions in Meywar and Neemuch, 1 December 1857. 3 pp.
  • A46. From Brigadier General G. Lawrence to Captain Showers 14 November 1857 - covering letter for (A44) and the letter of the Secretary to the Government of India to Lawrence, 18 September 1857 on the same subject.
  • A47. Letter from Captain John O. Brooke, Khewarah, 29 October 1857.
  • A48. Copy of letter from Sir Arthur Becher, Camp Delhi, 9 September 1857, to the Assistant Agent to the Governor-General, describing beginning of the siege of Delhi.
  • A49. Letter from Charles E. Barton, Khukun, 5 June 1857 - early days of mutiny.
  • A50. Letter from Captain Showers to Brigadier General G. Lawrence, 5 February 1858, about gratuity distributed at Neemuch without permission and reason for doing so.
  • A51. Letter from Captain Showers and others to Brigadier General G. Lawrence requesting reward for the Meywar Bheel Corps 29 March 1858. 7 pp.
  • A52. Further long explanatory letter about his actions at Neemuch etc. from Captain Showers to Brigadier General G. Lawrence, 23 December 1857. 6 pp.
  • A53. Letter from Captain Barton to C.L Showers, Neemuch, 14 June 1857 - defection of Bhurt pur troops etc.
  • A54. Letter from J. Brooke about Gwalior mutiny and other mutiny news, Chola Ladree. n.d.
  • A55. Letter from C.L. Showers' brother 25 March 1857.
  • A56. Two extracts, no name, no date.
  • A57. Copies of letters from Captain Eden to Brigadier General Lawrence, 11 September 1857, and to Captain Eden from Colonel Young pp. Col. Durand, Delhi HQ, 15 September 1857 - about taking the city.
  • A58. MS papers connected with the removal of Major C.L. Showers from the Political Department:
    • Extract from letters, from the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India, and Under Secretary of State for India, 1860 and 1862.
    • Printed memorandum of Major C.L. Showers' services in the Political Department, 6 August 1862. 8 pp.
  • A59. Letter of complaint from Captain Showers, written Oodeypore, 22 June 1858 to Mr. Edmonstone about pursuit of rebels authorized by Brigadier General Lawrence into Meywar and the conduct there of the officer commanding. 11 pp.
  • A60. Captain Showers to General Lawrence, Oodeypore, 30 April 1858 - commending a Naick and four sepoys.
  • A61. Letter from Captain Eden, 18 June 1858.
  • A62. Letter from St.G.D. Showers to his brother C.L. Showers, Agra, 26 June 1858 - about pursuit of rebels.
  • A63. Recommendation for bravery for two officers by C.L. Showers, 18 August 1859.
  • A64. Report by C.L. Showers to Brigadier General G. Lawrence, 8 April 1858 - justifying his construction of entrenchments at Neemuch. 13 pp.
  • A65. Secret correspondence relating to the crisis confided by Maharana Soroop Singh of Udaipur to Captain Showers, Resident Meywar, for submission to the Governor-General, Oodeypore, 21 February 1858. (Original torn; copy.) 15 pp.
  • A66. Letter from the India Office 14 April 1862 about Captain Showers' removal from Political Department.
  • A67. Copy of letter of dismissal from Major Eden Officiating A.G.G., Rajputana to Captain Showers, 14 March 1860 - enclosing copies of letters from the Secretary to the Government of India with those of the Governor-General.
  • A68. Copy of MS of Captain C.L. Showers' memorial. 37 pp.
  • A69. TS 'Colonel Malleson and General Showers'; a review, no author, no date. 6 pp.
  • A70. Letter from Sir John Strachey- about pamphlet 28 June 1860 (with envelope and stamp.)
  • A71. Satirical rhyme 'Who caught Tantia Topee ....' composed by a sergeant of the 3rd Bengal Europeans, January 1860.
  • A72. Printed copy of 'Memorandum of Major Showers' political services in Rajpootana. Simla, 8 September 1863.

Box 3

Large letter book B - C.L. Showers:

(14 miscellaneous cuttings, unconnected with India, lie between the first five sheets.)

  • B1. Letter from Secretary to Government of India, to Captain C.L. Showers and Bikaneer Horse about capture of Jawahir Singh, and the cooperation of the Maharajah of Bikaneer, 20 August 1847.
  • B2. Report of further captures, and consequences to health, 24 November 1847.
  • B3. Copy of Showers' report on the capture (B1) to the A.G.G. Rajpootana, 11 August 1847.
  • B4. Letter about capture of the last of the chiefs of the Seekur Baraoteas, from A.G.G. Rajpootana to Lt. C.S. Showers, 24 January 1848.
  • B5. Laudatory poems in vernacular addressed to Captain Showers with translations, after capture of Neemuch.
  • B6. Copy of Mountstuart Elphinstone's minute on Captain Sutherland's plan for educating a native civil service. 1824.
  • B7. Part of MS letter to Sir John Strachey, written from Peshawar, 9 June 1879 about proposed reduction in expenditure.
  • B8. Copies of letter from C.J. Lyall as Under Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Agriculture, 26 July 1875, together with reports, on the quality of cotton Colonel Showers had grown.
  • B9. Pencil notes on article on night sentry duty.
  • B10. Copy of letter to Lord Dufferin.
  • B11. Printed report on Gwalior affairs for 1868 from Colonel Showers, 20 January 1869. 8 pp. including appendix. Another copy differently printed, no appendix.
  • B12. Newspaper cuttings: The Mofussilite, Friday 27 March - about Major Showers' pamphlet 'The cotton question'; The Himalaya Chronicle, 14 August 1875 on indigenous cotton (also an article on natives in the Civil Service); The Mussoorie Season, 25 October 1873 on inspecting Colonel Showers' cotton fields.
  • B13. Two letters acknowledging pamphlet on the Persian question, 1885.
  • B14. Lord Rosebery's reply to request to put General Showers' son's name on list of candidates for consular employment.
  • B15. Another copy of report on Gwalior, 1869.
  • B16. Memorial to Viceroy Lord Ripon from members of Manchester Chamber of Commerce on compensation for Maj. Gen. Showers' expenses in cotton experiments.
  • B17. Notes for a lecture or article.
  • B18. Cutting, n.d. about Kaffars (sic).
  • B19. Notes for article or report on an Afghan village.
  • B20. Long MS article on Kaffiristan and the Kaffirs by A. Gardner, 20 October 1869. 12 pp.
  • B21. Letter from R. Cobden to Colonel Showers about taking his case to Parliament, 28 February 1865.
  • B22. MS article on Lord Lytton's Government and its apologists, 27 March - 21pp.
  • B23. Letter from W.R. Masarron, 6 August 1868.
  • B24. Two extracts about Sir George Lawrence. 8 pp. plus 1 p.
  • B25. Letter about Colonel Malleson's book, 24 August 1881.
  • B26. Acknowledgement from War Office, 23 December 1880.
  • B27. Appointment as Major General, 20 September 1877.
  • B28. Copy of Colonel Showers' paper to the British Association on the Meenahs of Central India, 19 Sept 1864. 7pp.
  • B29. TS copies of correspondence with Department of Agriculture Dehra Doon, 1875, about indigenous cotton seed.
  • B30. TS copies of further correspondence about cotton seed with A.O. Hume, 5 June 1875, and others.
  • B31. TS copy of article (nothing to do with India).
  • B32. 'Hints for the conduct of business in a political residency under the Indian Foreign Office', by Major General C.L. Showers, 15 June 1882. TS. 6 pp.
  • B33. Letter from H. Thompson about General Showers' son, 1885.
  • B34. TS copy of General Showers' letter to the Daily Chronicle on the Kandahar question, 2 March 1881, plus extract of editorial response.
  • B35. MS of letter to The Times.
  • B36. MS copies of extracts from various boundary settlements and the quashing of a proceeding, 1878.
  • B37. Copy of letter and associated correspondence to the Under Secretary of State for India, 15 December 1883, about the revolt of the Thakoors against the Maharajah of Bikaneer.
  • B38. MS memorandum on the war with Persia by C.L. Showers, 19 November 1856. 6 pp.
  • B39. MS 'Substance of a Persian letter from an eyewitness of the events at Delhi on the 11th and 12th instant May, on the siezure of the city by mutineers of the native army - addressed to and communicated through the Vakeel of the Ulweer (sic) State dated 12 May 1857 and translated by C.L. Showers.'
  • B40. Verses from Faust.
  • B41(a) and (b). Second MS copy of two items in A17.
  • B42. Printed memorandum by Colonel Showers, Peshawar, 10 May 1870 on suggestions for improvement of meat consumed by the troops in Peshawar.
  • B43. Letter from A.W. Hume to General Showers about his son's cadetship, 23 October 1880.
  • B44. Letter of congratulation, 17 January 1868 on Showers' appointment to Gwalior.
  • B45. Copy of letter from Archbishop Whateley to a friend on the subject of mesmerism, 1844.
  • B46. Quotation.
  • B47. Second copy of B42.
  • B48(a) and (b). Two copies of a printed memorandum: 'Cholera in connection with barracks by Colonel C.L. Showers. Peshawar, April 1870.
  • B49. MS draft of a letter to the Daily News entitled 'Mr Slagg M.P., Parliament and the Government of India'. 17 March - 8 pp.
  • B50. Printed proof-sheet of letter to The Times from Major General C.L. Showers on the reduction of the native armies of India. Lahore, 20 March -
  • B51. MS, no signature nor date, written from Junior United Service Club about increase in crime.
  • B52. Printed paper: 'Army organization commission', by Major General C.L. Showers. 4 August 1879. 13 pp. Appendix: 'Memorandum on the maintenance of the lines of communication of the British columns in the field, forming the army of Afghanistan.' Lahore, 4 December 1878. 3 pp.
  • B53. MS copy of letter of instructions on sowing and cultivating cotton. Pencil initial signatures of Showers.
  • B54. Cutting from The Times, 18 June 1883 on 'The Berlin congress: a retrospect'.
  • B55. Printed proclamation in -Urdu and English issued by the Government and H.H. the Maharajah Jyajee Rao Scindia, Gwalior, 9 September 1868, on relief measures for famine.
  • B56. Page from The Statesman 16 August 1877 - reference to Colonel Showers' pamphlet on cotton in the leader.
  • B57. Cutting from The Times 7 October 1885, about seabirds.
  • B58. Cutting 4 May 1890, relating to dual ownership of land in India.
  • B59. Letter from J. Crawford to Colonel Showers about his paper on the Meenahs, 29 July 1864.

Box 4

Personal files of Captain H.L. Showers kept while he was Political Agent:

  1. Baluchistan Agency, 1898-99. Takes over in March 1898 from Captain M.A. Tighe, in Karachi. Transferred to Zhob as Political Assistant, September 1898 (Political Agent 1899). Consists of pay slips, travelling allowances, leave, examinations, telegrams, etc. while Captain.
  2. Quetta, 1900. Peshin Agency personal file.
  3. Printed correspondence and reports about the Mekran border troubles, their history and consequences; Showers' report of a tour of the district which is very detailed; appendices on geographical features etc. of the tour:
    • Correspondence about enlisting Brahuis and Baluchis; camp diary of Col. C.E. Yate, A.G.G. Baluchistan, 1 December 1901-25 January 1902, which describes the engagement at Kataluk (see envelope) in which Colonel Showers took a major part.
    • Further correspondence between the A.G.G. Baluchistan and Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department, about the Persian border situation (1901); includes Colonel Showers' report on his tour of the Mekran area, 1900.
  4. Kalat Agency, 1901. Personal file:
    • MS copies of letters about pay, furlough, etc.
    • Another copy of report on Mekran tour.
    • Printed correspondence between the Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department and the Ambassador at Tehran, Sir A.H. Hardinge, about the border disputes between Baluchistan and Persia.
    • Printed regulations for rates of pay, allowances etc.
    • Reports and correspondence arising therefrom, from Major H.L. Showers, Political Agent, Kalat, to Colonel C.E. Yate, A.G.G. Baluchistan, 12 December 1901, on his tour through the Jhallawan country, and the question of establishing more effective control over the tract.
    • Conferment of C.I.E. telegrams etc.
    • Further copy of the report on the Nodiz Fort incident, including for the first time a plan of the Fort.
    • Copy of full report of Major Showers' report of his tour in Mekran and Mashkel, Part I.
    • Report of his operations on the Perso-Baluch Frontier, Part II.
    • Report by Major H.L. Showers of tour of the Jhallawan area made March 1903 primarily for settlement of dispute between Mengal and Chutta tribes for possession of the Saruna Valley, but also as a general survey of the BaluchistanPersian border area.
    • Copy of Major Showers' report on tour of Mekran, October 1903 - January 1904, with proposals which were approved - see subsequent correspondence in the file.
    • Route reports, Palantak to Pasni via Panjgur and Turbat, December 1903.

Box 5


  1. "Resident's personal file" :- (Major Showers' personal papers):
    • Takes over July 1906. Telegrams about wife's enteric; delay; letters about leave etc. Telegrams about quantity of silkworm eggs, and letters about seri-culture.
    • Cutting from The Baluchistan Gazette 12 October 1906 describing the visit of the Viceroy, Lord Minto, to Quetta, including congratulatory speech to the Khan of Kalat on peaceful period and mentioning development of the silk industry at Mastung and the forthcoming visit of the Amir of Afghanistan.
    • Telegrams etc., about leave.
    • Judgements. Duplicate judgement of case of forgery of 26 June 1896 in the court of the District Magistrate Ajmer, Captain H.L. Showers as District Magistrate. Also for 18 August 1896.
  2. "Residency Jaipur":- containing papers on the history, religious history and anthropology of Rajputana; also notes on the statues in the Residency gardens; a brief sketch of the Sheikhawati Federation (between Bikaner and Patiala North of Jaipur) and brief historical notes on Sheikhawah by the Nazim of Sheikhawah. MS.
  3. Envelope containing 37 items:-
    • Decorated page partly in Urdu, 1900.
    • Second decorated page partly in Urdu, 1900.
    • (a) Newspaper cutting from The Pioneer, Thursday 28 July 1910, describing the visit of the Agent to the Governor-General in Rajputana, Mr. E.G. Colvin, C.S.I. to Jaipur.
      (b) Two letters partly in Urdu.
    • Newspaper cutting from Times of India, 27 December 1910 - description of the visit to Jaipur of the Crown Prince of Germany during his tour in the East.
    • Printed papers: Camp diary kept by Col. C.E. Yate, Agent to the Governor-General and Chief Commissioner in Baluchistan, to the Secretary to the Government of India Foreign Department, from 1 December 1901-25 January 1902. Kept during tour in Mekran and Las Bela, recording the information collected regarding those districts and the coast ports. 15 December 1901 Turbot. Records siege by Nazim of Turbot of Muhammad Ali Din Muhammad in the Nodiz Fort. Yate awaits Lt. Col. Showers, Political Agent of Kalat with escort and guns, and describes the attack and capture of the Fort. (pages 1-11, 15-16, 19-31 missing.) Continues with tour diary.
    • Printed reports on tour from Lt. Col. H.L. Showers, Political Agent, Kalat, to the Hon. Colonel C.E. Yate, Agent to the Governor-General in Baluchistan, Camp Tump, 8 January 1902, on suppression of outlaws on border; Persian raids into Kalati Mekran; boundary dispute; individual chiefs; keeping law and order in general. (11 pp.)
    • Programme of events arranged for the Viceroy's visit to Jaipur, 28-30 October 1909, together with information about Jaipur Residency and, for those visiting, memo of instructions for native servants accompanying the Viceroy. (9 pp.)
    • Letter of good wishes to Major H.L. Showers, the Resident at Jaipur from the Maharajah S. Madho Singh, 31 December 1906.
    • Letter from Quetta posting H.L. Showers to Central Provinces, 14 September 1900.
    • Covering letter from Colonel Showers at the Kalat Agency, with notes of his conversation with Major Ramsay about Kalat affairs. (Notes not yet found, 14 September 1970. Ed.)
    • (a) and (b) Seating plan, one in MS the other TS including His Imperial Majesty Prince George of Battenburg and the Hon. John Fortescue. n.d.
    • Two MS draft letters to Sir Louis Dane (Lieutenant Governor of Punjab):-
      • 6 September 1906 from Colonel Showers - expressing his wishes for his future; to return to the Frontier etc. particularly Gilgit, and not to Kalat.
      • 20 September 1907 - similar letter.
    • Printed article: 'The Meywar Bhil Corps', by Lt. H.L. Showers, Assistant to Agent to Governor-General. Rajputana, n.d.
    • MS letter from the Nazim of Mekran, 29 October 1915, in answer to Col. Showers' letter which reached him in the middle of the battle of Gomazi near Tump, between Baran Zais and himself; description of this battle.
    • MS letter from W.S. Davis to Col. Showers, 14 June 1904, about dispute over local and language allowances.
    • MS letter of appreciation from H. Butler, Foreign Office, Simla, to Col. Showers.
    • (a) to (d) MS of telegram of congratulation 7 May 1902, on Mekran operation. Letters of congratulation on C.I.E. from E.F. Orton and J.W. Tighe; newspaper cutting from the Baluchistan newspaper 4 July 1902 with congratulatory paragraph. All these consider C.I.E. insufficient recognition for Mekran operation.
    • Letter of acknowledgement about notice in Jaipur Gazette, 28 April 1909.
    • Newspaper cutting describing the warning issued by the Maharaja of Bundi, Rajputana, against sedition. Not date but - relating to preceding item.
    • Newspaper cutting about Col. Showers.
    • Letter of farewell from Maharaja of Alwar from Lansdowne Palace, Alwar. 14 October -.
    • Small account book without cover, 1892-93.
    • (a) newspaper cutting from The Pioneer, Monday 11 September 1911, with article "Farewell to Colonel Showers" (from Alwar as Agent, on amalgamation of state into Eastern Rajputana) describing state banquet given by the Maharaja, and
      (b) TS of Showers' speech.
    • Newspaper cutting from The Pioneer, Friday 29 March 1912, with article describing the farewell to Colonel Showers, Resident in Jaipur, about to take up appointment as Resident in Nepal.
    • Miscellaneous papers:-
      • 5 September 1902. Appreciation of Government for Major Showers' services in dealing with Persian Government representatives.
      • Letter from Col. C.E. Yate in Quetta (A.G.G. Baluchistan) 30 July 1903 about Maharaja's wedding present.
      • I. and II. Reports Nos. 1906E and 1904E from the Indian foreign secretary, Simla, 15 September 1902 about the British-Persian negotiations regarding compensation for the raids committed by Muhammad Umar, Nausherwani, in Baluch-Mekran, and the conciliatory part played by Major Showers in this border dispute.
      • Prescription for Col. Showers, 5 June 1915.
      • Report by Lt. Col. A.C. Yate, 29th (D.C.O.) Baluch Infantry, on his arrest by an Afghan picquet and detention at Fort Baldak, 6-26 April 1903. (Lt. Col. Yate was brother of the A.G.G. Baluchistan.)
      • Letter of congratulation from the A.G.G. Baluchistan on Col. Showers' settlement report on the Sarawan area. 11 April 1903.
      • Reports on the redistribution of work in the Kalat Agency and the increase in the powers of the native assistant, and assistant Political Adviser, Jhallawan. 31 October 1904.
      • Five letters (25h-l) from Sir Charles Bayley, Resident at Indore 1900: about various cases, and protest at Showers being moved so quickly to Kalat; note wishing H.L.S. good luck at Quetta; to Mrs. Showers 1903 with wedding present; to Col. Showers about going to Indore.
    • Miscellaneous letters to Major Showers:-
      • 1 August 1907. From the Jam of Lasbela.
      • 10 September 1907. From G. Macalister, in Jaipur.
      • 17 September 1908. From H. Butler in Simla to Lady Gaselee - about Major Showers' appointment to Alwar.
      • 5 March 1918. From C.E. Stothad, Jaipur, to Mrs. Solomons - about memorial tablet to Colonel Showers.
      • Drawing from a magazine of Colonel Showers and the Governor-General of Kirman watching the destruction of Magas Fort.
      • 30 September 1904. Note made by Major Showers: 'Drummond has joined the H.B. faction - not loyal'.
    • Printed confidential report from Lt. Col. H.L. Showers, Officiating Resident in Nepal to Lt. Col. Sir A.E. McMahon, Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department. 15 June 1913.
    • Report on the course of events in Nepal 1912-13.
    • Original and translation of laudatory address to Col. Showers.
    • Letter from the Prime Minister of Nepal (H.E. Maharaja Sir Chandra Shumshere Jung Bahadur Rana) to Colonel Showers 10 May 1915 and -
    • 30 November 1915, a second letter bemoans the fact that Colonel Showers is not returning; both letters mention sending troops to fight in the war.
    • Photograph of the Residency, Nepal.
    • Christmas card from the Prime Minister of Nepal.>/li>
    • Letter of appointment as C.S.I. from Lord Hardinge of Penn the Viceroy, 11 December 1911.
    • Letter from Colonel Yate to Mrs. Showers on his progress in health.
    • Letter from Lord Hardinge to Colonel Showers regretting that he is not able to return to India.
    • TS memo of medical case written by Colonel Showers, hoping to be able to finish his work in Udaipur.

Box 6

Envelope A:

  1. TS article 'Sedition in India', by Major H.L. Showers, submitted to Maga (Blackwoods) and refused; dated London, 15 February 1908. 32 pp. Also 1(a) - 1(d) letters from A. Martindale, 27 February 1908; William Blackwood, 4 and 15 August 1908; Sir Charles Crosthwaite, 8 August 1908: all referring to this article.
  2. Several cuttings from The Times, 1908 referring to India and Asia and sedition particularly.
  3. Three papers (3a - 3c) by Mrs. Christian Showers: Baluchistan. 5 pp.; A tour in Mekran 1903. 6 pp.; The holy valley (life in Nepal 1912-14). 22 pp.

Envelope B:

Miscellaneous papers belonging to Colonel L.J.G. Showers, relating to Colonel H.L. Showers:

  1. Letter from George W. Hayward to Colonel H.L. Showers from Gilgit about expedition in Pamirs. 17 February 1870.
  2. Extract about another expedition to the sources of the Touse on the southern face of the Baring.
  3. MS on blue foolscap paper in the writing of an old person (shaky hand), "A letter from the people & Baba Loke of India to ..... John Bull of Englishstan".
  4. Copy of Mrs. Showers' article "The Holy Valley - impressions of Nepal" printed in The "Khaki" Calendar of Naval and Military Events, September 1916.
  5. MS on the same blue paper and same writing as the previous item (3) entitled "Notes, explanations and remarks on each of the places mentioned in the route map", together with a paper, "A rough sketch of Chylass, Ghilghit, Iskardo and Leh".
  6. Article from the Imperial Gazetteer of Baluchistan, called "Gabrbands in Baluchistan", by E. Hughes Buller. 1906.
  7. Article in The Indiaman, 5 November 1915 called "New recruiting fields: the Baluchi and Rajput Tribesmen", by Lt. Col. H.L. Showers.

Envelope C:

Papers relating to L.J. Showers:

  1. Letters from Colonel L.J. Showers to his mother written from India as Lieutenant in the lst Battalion lst Regiment King George's Own Gurkha Rifles, March 1930. Dharmsala as Quartermaster; news of riots in Peshawar and Calcutta; goes to Amritsar to help the Government in keeping peace; 30 May 1930, account of mutiny of two Garhwalie platoons (and rioting in Peshawar) and dispersing of troops in the Punjab to restore and keep peace; description of moving regiment.
  2. Map of Amritsar drawn by L.J. Showers with picquets etc. for his signallers and description of how they kept order; in Amritsar for some time with regiment; daily life; heat; outbreaks of rioting; small arms school, Pahmali; panther shooting; 1931, Jula Talao Post Peshawar; describes the troubles round Peshawar in letter to Sir Norman - during the summer of 1930 and describes the methods of combating the raids (posts from the Khyber to Kohat) and roadmaking; announces he is to be adjutant.
  3. Group of Nepal letters in envelope - twenty years after his parents had been there.
  4. Miscellaneous letters undated. Rough sketch of Khajiri Field Force.

Envelope D:

  1. Xerox copy of Mrs. Christian Showers-Stirling's notes on her life, begun 1960, corrections made 1969.
    • Born 1879.
    • Goes to India in 1902 via London, Bombay, Karachi to Quetta, where she lived with her uncle and aunt. Her uncle was in the army and in Western Command. Goes to Delhi Durbar in December.
    • 1903 Lord Curzon's Durbar and investiture. Engaged to Major Herbert Showers who is in the Political Service, Naini Tal - describes life there. Married there July 1903. Tours with her husband in Kalat and Quetta. Goes with her husband to gather all the tribal heads to meet Lord Curzon at Pasni, and on to Karachi. Turbat, Jatt, Las Bela and Karachi.
    • First child born. As Political Agent's wife, Mastung. Her husband starts silkworm industry. More touring in the area after leave. Returns to Kalat. Second child born in Quetta.
    • Life in Quetta and Kalat 1906. In Jaipur as wife of Officiating Resident - visits etc.
    • In 1907 leave Jaipur. Go to Agra for the Durbar in honour of the Amir of Afghanistan's visit. Gwalior. Leave.
    • As wife of Political Agent in Alwar, 1908-09.
    • Jaipur 1909. Leave and return to Jaipur for Viceregal visit (Lord and Lady Minto); description of this visit, and plan of other V.I.P.s visits.
    • Jaipur touring 1910; visitors; incidents in Residency life in Jaipur and Mount Abu. Staying with Viceroy; Crown Prince of Germany's visit; Prince Antoine d'Orleans Braganza; Warren Hastings' ghost. Tonk. Simla life.
    • Delhi Durbar 1911. Incident of Maharaja of Baroda. Visit of King and Queen to Jaipur. Further touring and visiting minor rajahs.
    • Transferred to Nepal 1912. Leave for a month to collect children. Residency at Katmandu. Tours, big game shooting etc.
    • The King of Nepal's coronation, 1913. Residency life. Leave Quetta 1913 as Judicial and Revenue Commissioner's wife. Meet Sitwells.
    • In 1914, Resident at Udaipur (where her husband's father had been in mutiny times i.e. C.L. Showers). Camp in Chitor Fort but it had a terrible atmosphere.
    • Her husband's illness and retirement 1915 and death 1916. The remainder of the journal recounts her life in England.
  2. Folder relating to to the death of Captain H. Showers in 1880:
    Letters to Edward Melian Showers in Bengal relating to his brother Howe's death, 26 March 1880. (Captain H.F. Showers, 1st P.I.).
    • Letter from Julia Lambert at Kalin office to E.M. Showers (her cousin) about the death of Captain Howe Showers. 28 March 1880.
    • Copy of telegram dated 27 March (1880) in Mrs. Lambert's handwriting, sent to Major Halliday from Captain Wyllie enclosed with above letter, giving news of the death of Captain Howe Showers.
    • Envelope addressed to E.M. Showers, Esq., D.S.P., Krishnagar, Bengal, from Quetta, posted April 1 (1880), and received Krishnagar, April 8, and containing the following letters from J.C. Fullerton, resident surgeon in Quetta.
      • Describes how Captain Howe Showers, returning from Sibi to Quetta, not by the regular route, was attacked and killed by tribesmen, and how his body was recovered and buried. 30 March 1880.
      • Letter dated 31 March 1881 to E.M.S. enclosing lock of Howe Showers' hair [not discovered] and telling him that 400 Panerzai Kakas were in arms, and a punitive expedition was being sent to them.
      • Letter from J.F. Fullerton about impossibility of getting gravestone at Quetta and advising E.M.S. to have one sent by rail. Also describes the punitive expedition carried out.
    • Note from J. Lambert to E.M.S. possibly about method of payment but difficult to decipher, 18 April (1880).
    • Letter from Major W. Marshall, 4th Bombay Rifles, President of Committee of Adjustment to E.M.S. dated 2 April 1880, asking of he will take over the administration of the estate of Captain Howe Showers.
    • Committee of Adjustment in Quetta to Brigadier General Brooke, saying that E.M.S. will administer Captain Howe Showers' estate, and mentioning some of his possessions which were not sold but kept for the family. 20 May 1880.
    • Letter from Brigadier General H. Brooke to E.M.S. offering help in returning Captain Howe Showers' effects to England and mentioning Captain Showers' character. Envelope which enclosed item 5.
    • Letter from Major W. Marshall in Quetta to E.M.S., 11 June 1880, asking about final winding up of Captain H. Showers' estate.
    • Letter from Mr. Thomas Hope, Assistant A.G.G., Quetta, from Camp Sibi, 2 March 1881, to a female relation of Captain Howe Showers about the disposal of his personal effects which had not been carried out, and mentioning the gravestone.
    • Envelope dated Quetta 16 April, Krishnagar 23 April.
    • Memorandum dated 7 June 1881 to E.M.S. at Krishnagar from Col. C. Beadon in Lahore, informing him of sculptors in Lahore.
    • Postcard to E.M.S. from Delhi, about a sculptor in Delhi for gravestone.
    • Quotation from sculptor in Delhi to E.M.S. for different designs of tombstone and lettering, 24 June 1881.
    • Letter from sculptor Nund Ram & Son, in Delhi, 8 August 1881 to E.M.S. asking him to correct the inscription copy.
    • Receipt from Nund Ram for an advance of 50 Rupees on total sum for large tombstone.
    • Letter from J.C. Fullerton to the Officiating District Superintendent of Police, Krishnagar, 4 September 1881, giving instructions for sending up Howe Showers' tombstone.
    • Postcard from the sculptor of the tombstone saying it is ready for dispatch, 26 December 1881.
    • Letter enclosing balance of account for the tombstone and carriage to Quetta, 6 January 1882 from the sculptors in Delhi, Nund Ram & Son.
    • Payee's acknowledgement for money order for balance of account of 86 Rupees 12 annas dated 19 January 1882.
    • Note from Nund Ram & Son to E.M.S. saying tombstone had been dispatched, 3 February 1882.
    • Receipt for balance of payment to Nund Ram & Son, 3 February 1882.
    • Letter from the A.A.G.G. Sibi about transport of tombstone to Quetta from Sibi, 6 May 1882.
    • Original reference from Sir Robert Sandeman, Agent to the Governor-General, Baluchistan, about Captain H.F. Showers, who had been murdered 14 March 1880.
    • TS extract from Shadbolt's 'Afghan campaign 1878-80', about Captain H.F. Showers, lst Punjab Infantry, murdered 1880.

Box 7 [Rm. 18]

Rajputana, Nepal, Baluchistan: 1872-1913

  1. Envelope containing wedding invitation and newspaper cuttings of wedding between Major Archibald Stirling and Marjory Stewart, 14 December, 1929.
  2. TS copy of letter to Board of Trade from General C.S. Showers about a miscarriage of justice in Devonshire, 28 November, 1889, and reply dated 31 March 1890.
  3. Service sheet of service of dedication of window in memory of Anna Selina Stirling, 31 December, 1926.
  4. Grant of the dignity of C.I.E. on Major Herbert Lionel Showers, 26 June 1902.
  5. Form of passport from Lt. Col. H.L. Showers and Mrs. Showers to travel to England from Nepal. (Single sheet). 8 September 1913.
  6. Kendall Dent's ,Time Chart of the world.
  7. MS by General C.L. Showers "Romance of Modern Indian history illustrated by a recent revisit to India". This appears to be part of a short story. (7pp).
  8. Envelope marked 'Tom' containing what appears to be hair from beard. (Later identified by Mrs. C. Showers as from pet pony's tail!)
  9. Tiny pink envelope marked 'General C.L. Showers, 15 September 1895, Geneva' and containing a lock of hair.
  10. TS extract from a letter dated 29 April 1904 from Dr. M.A. Stein to R. Hughes-Buller, I.C.S., about a seal found in U.P.
  11. Pamphlet entitled: A list of the principal vernacular names and words which occur in English correspondence compiled with a view to securing uniformity in the spelling of such words, by Major H.L. Showers, C.I.E. Political Agent, Kalat.
  12. Envelope containing miscellaneous items found in a book called On Public Service, humorous sketches in prose and verse by Lovell, Madras, 1907. (Book in CSAS Archive Library, SH6).
    • Timetable of Passenger lines to and from Calcutta, Madras, Colombo and London - 1913.
    • Writing paper from The Residency, Katmandu.
    • Gift card to L.H. Showers from the Maharaja of Nepal.
    • Christmas card from Lt. General Bahadur Rana, 1913.
    • Gift card to Mrs. Shower from the Maharani of Nepal.
    • Passenger list of Austrian Lloyd Trieste S.S. Gablonz, 5 April 1914.
  13. Envelope containing:-
    • Greeting card with tigers.
    • Christmas card from Lt. General Kaiser Shumsher Jung, Nepal, 1921.
    • 2 Christmas cards from the Maharaja of Nepal (Photograph of himself with Prince of Wales) 1922 and the Nepalese Army 1923.
    • Letter and envelope to Mrs. Showers from H.H. the Maharaja of Alwar, when the latter was in London.
    • Piece of music MS entitled Zakhmi Dil.
  14. Embroidered folder containing:-
    • 2 Christmas cards from Colonel and Mrs. Showers (while in Jaipur).
    • Printed pamphlet entitled '3rd anniversary speech, 10th December 1906, Alwar', being the speech by His Highness the Maharaja Sahib Bahadur on the occasion of the third anniversary of his succession being a review of the state of Alwar.
    • MS letter from the sub-postmaster Mastung to the Political Agent Kalat (Col. H.L. Showers), 8 May 1905, asking for a better house.
  15. Pamphlet: Life of a soldier of olden time: an unwritten page of history - (From the Friend of India, 29 September and 6th October 18__). (sic) Lahore, 1873. 1pp.
  16. Annals of the Indian Rebellion 1858-59: Part II June 1859. Calcutta 1859.
  17. The siege of Delhi in 1857: a short account compiled by Lt. General A.G. Handcock, C.B. 4th new ed. Allahabad 1907.
  18. Scattered chapters on the Indian Mutiny. The fatal falter at Meerut by D. O'Callaghan. Calcutta 1861. Given to General C.L. Showers by the author.
  19. Pamphlet: Selection of papers on various subjects. Agra. 1857, 1858. Allahabad, Mission Press 1859.
  20. Pamphlet: Indian History and Colonel G.B. Malleson, C.S.I. being a correspondence between the author of "Kaye Rewritten" and Major General C.L. Showers.
  21. Appendix pp.31-33 of the proceeding against Major-General C.L. Showers (when Captain) about his conduct while in the Rajputana Agency.
  22. A MS notebook of 'original thoughts' belonging to Colonel C.L. Showers - date c. 1850.
  23. (a-c) 3 birth certificates, signed by C.L. Showers 1864.
  24. (a-d) 4 copies of offprint from the United Service Journal, October 1890: The Meywar Bhil Corps by Lieut. H.L. Showers.
  25. 2 newspaper cuttings from The Times n.d.
    • An obituary of Sir Barnes Peacock.
    • A letter about the Indian National Congress from W. Digby, Secretary of the English Committee of the Indian National Congress.
  26. Paper containing:
    • Letter from H. Wylie to General C.S. Showers, 30 January 1865.
    • Letter before embarking on ship 1904.
    • MS note system for Rouge et Noir and Pair et Impair.
    • 2 woodcuts.
  27. Copy of a letter from E.J. Rapson in the Coin Dept. British Museum, to the Office of the Superintendent Imperial Gazetteer of Baluchistan, about coins sent to B.M., 12 September 1902.
  28. 3 empty envelopes.
  29. Japanese fairy-story Shitakiri Suzume.
  30. Offprint from J.R.A.S. Vol. XVI Pt.l Pujahs in the Sutlej Valley by William Simpson.
  31. Receipt.
  32. Miscellaneous collection:
    • Envelope marked 'Newspaper cuttings. Kipling's articles to Morning Post' Series of "Brazilian Sketches". 1927.
    • 2 dated decorative sheets 3.2.1912. Poem in Devanagri, and 6.1.1912, attached by string.
    • Child's sewing card.
    • Reprint from Numismatic Chronicle, Ancient silver coins from Baluchistan, by E.J. Rapson 1904. (See 43).
    • Sermon: Wisdom of the World and Wisdom of Christ by The Rev. E.M. Walker. 1918.
  33. Newspaper cutting from The Homeward Mail, 13 November 1909. The Viceroy's Tour (Lord Minto). An interesting day at Alwar (October 27), (Col. and Mrs. Showers present).
  34. Newspaper cutting The Eyes of Asia I. The fumes of the heart, by Rudyard Kipling. 1917.
  35. Newspaper cutting about Jemadar Jalal of the Mekran Levy Corps who was awarded the Indian Order of Merit 2nd Class. No date.
  36. Article from The Windsor Magazine, Nepal and her contribution to the War by Saint Nihal Singh. (No date, but probably 1917/18).
  37. Newspaper cutting: Tales of the Trade III. Ravages and Repairs by Rudyard Kipling.. The Times June 1916. (about 2 submarines).
  38. Letter from Lt. General Sir Francis Tuker about Charles Lionel Showers at Malown Fort, 15 April 1815, together with letter from L.J. Showers to his mother Mrs. Christian Showers. 1956.
  39. The crest and address of a piece of writing paper, Jaipur Palace, Rajputana. 3 October 1914.
  40. Small Christmas card from General Mohun Shum Shere Jung Bahadur Rana.
  41. Newspaper cuttings: 2 from The Daily Telegraph, March 24 1885 The Fight near Tamai... mentioning Showers and McNeil's zareba; and Russia and Afghanistan.
  42. Copy of The Times Thursday, November 7, 1805 (Report on Trafalgar).
  43. Head's reprint of The Times of Thursday, June 22, 1815 containing the account of the Battle of Waterloo.
  44. Sheet of paper.
  45. Letter from the Majarajah of Nepal to Mrs. C. Showers, 23 January 1918, Christmas card from the General Mohun Shum Shere Jung in Nepal.
  46. Printed paper: A Century of Famines, being particulars of all the famines that have visited India since the year 1770, and an enquiry into the best means of providing against them by F.C. Danvers. India Office, 27 December 1877. 33pp.
  47. Envelope, letters and article "Eighteen Months in Nepal" by H.L. Showers, published in Blackwoods Magazine 1916. (The 3 letters are from George Blackwood).
  48. 5 rolled photographs of Nepal [numbered 66(7,8,10,13,14)].
  49. 8 photographs joined in panoramic form, rolled, and with part of a map attached at inner end of roll.

See also:- 625 photographs in boxes 36, 37, 38, and L14.

See also:- Oral history interview: Conversation between Mrs Christian Showers and Mary Thatcher, (formerly of Centre of South Asian Studies), in April, 1971.

Books presented:-

  1. Showers, Charles Lionel, Indian History and Colonel G.B. Malleson, C.S.I. being a correspondence between the authors of Kaye Rewritten, and Major General C.L. Showers. London 1881. (Archives: SH1)
  2. Showers, Charles Lionel, The Cossack at the gate of India. 2nd ed. (Archives: SH2)
  3. Showers, Charles Lionel, The Central Asian Question. London 1873. (2 copies) (Archives: SH3)
  4. Maori (pseud.) Sport and Workon the Nepal Frontier or Twelve Years Sporting Reminiscences of an Indigo Planter. London 1878. (Archives: SH4)
  5. Imperial Gazetteer of India - Baluchistan (Provincial Series). Published by Superintendent of Govt. Printing, Calcutta, 1908. (Archives: SH5)
  6. On Public Service, Humorous Sketches in Prose and Verse, by Lovell. 2nd ed. Published by Higginbottom & Co., Madras, 1907. (Archives: SH6)


Allen Thornton Shuttleworth I.N.S. and I.F.S.

Given by Mr. E.H. Shuttleworth (son) - through Mr. F. Finney q.v.

India general: Bombay: 1855-1899

  1. Photostat copy of Mr. Shuttleworth's various activities produced in the form of a printed booklet which covers his biography taken from "History of Services". He joined the Indian Naval Service of the East India Company in November 1855 and served until 1863 on various ships. Then with the Indian Forestry Service in Bombay until 1899. He was on special Famine Duty for western India 1896/7. He inaugurated the first Lifeboat Service on the Bombay coast and was instrumental in saving many lives. He retired from service at the age of 60 and left India in 1899.

  2. The booklet gives several accounts of his life and work mostly taken from newspaper articles and gives a selection from the Commendatory Records made by the Government of Bombay concerning his work. 5pp.
  1. Xerox copies of MS and TS letters from the uncle of the above, H. Shuttleworth., dated 1866-68, on the subject of A.T. Shuttleworth receiving the Albert Medal. Various other letters of a personal nature and research being done on the family tree dated 1962.

(Small collections)


(K.S.E. Siebel)

Given by O.L. Gibbon

Two MS notebooks on Folklore in Ceylon, dated at Kandy 1935 and 1936.

(Small collections)


Collection of various articles (photocopied and heavily annotated by the donor) culled by Jeremy Simpson during his own researches into the Todas (Mr. Simpson went to school in the Nilgiri Hills).

Folder 1:-

  1. Article by R.L. Rooksby - "W.H.R. Rivers and the Todas". 12pp.
  2. Article by J.T. Cornelius - "A New Probe into the Origins of the Todas". 11(+1)pp.
  3. Article by the Rev. W. Taylor - "Translation of the Kongu-desa-rajakal"; from the Madras Journal of Literature and Science, no. 32, Jan-June, 1847. 5pp.
  4. Pages from "The Original Inhabitants of Bharatavarsa or India". 18pp.
  5. Article by M. Fathulla Khan - "The Todas; The Original Hill Tribe of the Blue Mountains". 6pp.
  6. Article by Capt. H. Congreve - "The Antiquities of the Neilgherry Hills, including an Inquiry into the Descent of the Thautawars or Todars"; from the Madras Journal of Literature and Science, no. 32, 1847. 23(+1)pp.
  7. Chapter from "The Origin and History of the Todas". 28pp.
  8. Article by G.N. Das - "The Todas of Nilgiris". 2pp.
  9. Article by M.B. Emeneau - "Language and Social Forms; a Study of Toda Kinship Terms and Dual Descent". 23pp.
  10. Article by J.N. Kamalapur - "Todas of the Nilgiri Hills: Their Origin". 14pp.
  11. Extract from and MS notes on "The Primitive Tribes of the Nilagiris", by Breeks. 7pp.
  12. Article on the Todas, from "Hastings Dictionary of Religion". 4pp.
  13. Article by H.R.H. Prince Peter of Greece and Denmark - "The Todas: Some Additions and Corrections to W.H.R. Rivers' Book, as Observed in the Field". 5pp.

Folder 2:-

  1. Article, source unknown [Shortt ?] - "Tribes inhabiting the Neilgherries". 34pp.
  2. Article by the Rev.B. Schmid - "Remarks on the Origin and Languages of the Aborigines of the Nilgiris, suggested by the papers of Capt. Congreve and the Rev. W. Taylor....", from the Madras Journal of Literature and Science, Jan. 1849. 4pp.
  3. Article by Metz - "The Todas". 36pp.
  4. Paper by Shams-ul-Ulma Jivanji Jamshedji Modi - "A Few Notes on the Todas of the Nilgiris" from the Anthropological Society of Bombay, Vol VII, No. I. 18pp.
  5. Article by M.B. Emeneau - "The Christian Todas". 14pp.

Folder 3:-

  1. Introduction to (11pp.) and article by (38pp.) H.R.H. Prince Peter of Greece - "Possible Sumerian Survivals in Toda Ritual", from Bulletin, Madras Government Museum, G.S. VI, 1951.
  2. Presidential Address to the Anthropology and Archeology Section of the 32nd Indian Science Congress, Nagpur, 1945, by A. Aiyappan - "The Megalithic Culture of Southern India". (Aiyappan details findings in Chotanagpur of burial mounds containing representations of the buffaloe, similar to those found in Toda burial mounds). 15pp.
  3. A Toda family tree from Rivers' book, annotated and added to by the donor. 1pp.
  4. Chapter from Sir Richard Burton's book, Goa and the Blue Mountains, (publ. circa 1850-1870) - "The Inhabitants of the Neilghherries". 22pp.
  5. MS extract, from a book by Molly Panta Downs, in which a visit to the Toda country in the 17th century by the Portuguese priest Ferrriera is described. 1pp.
  6. Article from the "Madras Christian Instructor" - "Account of the Neilgherry Hill Tribes", by the Rev. C. F. Muzzy. 9pp.
  7. Brief item by M.B. Emeneau - "The Todas and Sumeria - A Hypothesis Rejected" (item 1, this folder). 2pp.
  8. Extract from Epigraphia Carnatica, in the Canarese script - Chamarajnagar Taluq. 3pp.
  9. 46 genealogical tables of the Todas taken from Rivers' book, "The Todas", publ. circa 1907, but made more up-to-date by the donor. 25pp.
  10. Large scale map of Todanad with envelope containing lists of Toda villages and settlements.


Given by A.M. Sims


  1. Government of India. Railway Department (Central Standards Office for Railways).
    Track Stress Research. November 1935 - November 1938.
    Progress Reports, Vols I (113pp.) and II (309pp.) by W.E. Gelson and E.A. Blackwood.
  2. Confidential note on the organization, functions, and working of the English Railway Rates Tribunal by E.A. Sims, M.Inst.T. Member Railway Rates Advisory Committee. Government of India. n.d. 135 pp. foolscap.
  3. Paper by A.M. Sims on riots in the Punjab in 1919. 1968. MS 3 pp.


Railways Board of India. Technical papers covering many areas of India and very many aspects of railway design, including subjects as diverse as foundations, tracks, bridges, inclines, curvature, signalling, safety, etc., and construction, wear, creep, costs, etc. often relevant specifically to Indian railways but also in many cases applicable to railway engineering generally.

Issues held, dated 1894 - 1945:-

  1. Box 2

    • No. 44, The effect of wind pressure on bridges
    • No. 52, Wind pressures in engineering construction
    • No. 53, The strength of columns
    • No. 60, Contractors' plant - working sketches
    • No. 62, Report on a method of pneumatic sinking designed by Mr. H.S. Harington, as used on the Mari-Attock Railway
    • No. 63, Description of the North Western Railway interlocking for roadside stations, combining List-Morse patents
    • No. 65, Report on the Lidgerwood cableway, Sohan bridge, Mari-Attock railway
    • No. 67, Note on safety sidings on Indian single lines of railway (includes 2 letters from Govt. of India, Ministry of Railways, Central Standards Office)
    • No. 68, Well sinking by the pneumatic process, Indus bridge, Kotri
    • No. 72, Notes on the design of well foundations for bridges
    • No. 75, Note on manufacturing of wire net protective works
    • No. 81, Note on experiments on gravity catch-sidings and sanded Köpcke-sidings
    • No. 83, Expansion joints for permanent-way on large bridges
    • No. 84, Table of moments of resistance of rails in use on the North Western railway and the number required when used as girders
    • No. 86, The construction of the Godaveri bridge at Rajahmundry on the East Coast railway
    • No. 90, Memorandum on certain English points, crossings and signals
    • No. 91, Note on the temporary ferry arrangements over the river Godaveri at Rajahmundry
    • No. 92, Note on joint chairs and other devices for preventing creep
    • No. 93-A, Note on the design of flood openings
    • No. 94, Rail sections suitable for sharp curves
    • No. 96, Note on the capacity of lines of railway
    • No. 98, Note on grade compensation for curve resistance
    • No. 100, Note on strain sheets for plate girders
    • No. 101, Ballasting of new railways and the sinkage of ballast in banks
    • No. 103, Note on the tilting of flat-footed rails
    • No. 104, Note on the Torsa bridge, Cooch Behar state railway (2' 6" gauge)
    • No. 105, Training works for a bridge over the Teesta river, Eastern Bengal state railway
    • No. 106, Notes on some details of
      • Girder spans as affected by changes of temperature
      • The sleeping of girder spans
      • The camber of girders; and
      • The bedding of girders
    • No. 107, Observations on the holding power of some fish-plates and its relation to temperature movements and stresses
    • No. 109, Notes on the Ganges bridge at Garhmuktesar
    • No. 113, Two bridges over the Girna river, Great Indian Peninsula railway, near Jalgaon and Chalisgaon
    • No. 115, Notes on sanded catch-sidings and the use of velocity head diagrams
    • No. 117, Watering arrangements

  2. Box 3

    • No. 118, The physics of the river Indus
    • No. 119, Impact and fatigue in railway bridges
    • No. 121, Train loads for bridge design
    • No. 123, The determination of the safe working stress for railway bridges
    • No. 124, Note on English single line working
    • No. 125, Sullivan's staging for erection of girders
    • No. 127, Estimation of traffic earnings
    • No. 128, Description of interlocking and detecting apparatus for roadside stations on single line
    • No. 129, Notes on Eüler's formula and the deflection of columns
    • No. 135, Conventional signs used in interlocking diagrams
    • No. 136, Actuarial formulae and tables
    • No. 140, Two papers:-
      1. Notes on the maintenance of permanent way in India
      2. Notes on the maintenance of the Denham-Olpherts' cast iron plate sleeper
    • No. 142, Dharlla, Sankos and Gangadhar bridges
    • No. 146, Block signalling on double and single line, East Indian railway
    • No. 147, Trains blown over by wind
    • No. 148, Statistics of railway working expenditure
    • No. 149, Practical notes on tunnelling
    • No. 153, River training and control on the guide bank system, [including chapters on]:-
      • Comparison of Indian rivers with the Mississipi
      • A theory of cut-offs and avulsions
      • The physics of alluvial rivers in general
      • The deep scour which endangers permanent structures
      • The classification of river sands
      • The artificial narrowing of rivers, by means of guide banks
      • The length and shape of guide banks
      • The guide bank section and that of its armour
      • Construction and maintenance of guide banks
      • Depth of bridge piers as affected by river training
      • The effect of narrowing a river on other interests
      • Spur training on the Chenab river at Wazirabad
      • The training of the Sutlej at Adamwahan
      • Denehey's groynes, at the Lower Ganges canal headworks
      • Training works for the Ferozpur-Sutlej bridge
      • The training of the Chenab river at Sher Shah
      • The Gogra and Kosi training works
      • The training of the Ganges at Garhmuktesar
      • The training of four Brahmaputra affluents, and of some minor rivers
      • The training of the Indus at Dera Ghazi Khan
      • Training works at Khanki and Rasul canal headworks
      • The author's proposed training works for the Lower Ganges bridge
      • The cost of bridging and training
      • The gauging of a great river in flood time
      • Summary of advice as to guide bank design
    • No. 156, A guide bank for the bridge over the Mahanadi river, East Bengal state railway
    • No. 158, Roaring rails
    • No. 159, Notes on drift sand and drift snow

  3. Box 4

    • No. 161, Arrangement of station yards at roadside stations
    • No. 162, Notes on electric and electro-pneumatic signalling
    • No. 163, Report on the working expenses of mountain railways in Europe
    • No. 167, Notes on European architecture in India
    • No. 168, A rational section for rail heads and tyres
    • No. 172, Report on conversion of metre gauge to 5' 6" gauge, Eastern section, Sind-Sagar railway (N.-W.Ry)
    • No. 173, The restoration of dangerously crystalline steel by heat treatment
    • No. 176, The design of "section" station yards
    • No. 178, Inflow of water into wells in the Punjab
    • No. 179, Slips at Mudgorge on the Sind-Peshin railway during 1889-93
    • No. 182, Slips in cuttings and embankments of railways
    • No. 184, Comparative cost of fast and slow freight service
    • No. 191, Ferro-concrete in India
      • Composition of concrete and permissible intensities of stress
      • Design for a 40ft. railway girder bridge
      • Description of ferro-concrete works executed by the public works department
    • No. 193, Oil fuel trials on the North Western railway of India, 1913-1916
    • No. 194, Note on various types of extensometers for testing bridge girders
    • No. 196, Report on the best process and plant for treating railway sleepers, plus -
    • Supplement to No. 196; Drawings giving details of the process and plant for creosoting sleepers
    • No. 197, Ruling gradients and the minor details of alignment
    • No. 199, Impact on bridges

  4. Box 5

    • No. 200, Note on the manufacture and use of cement concrete blocks for lining large liquid fuel reservoirs on the North Western railway
    • No. 201, Notes on locomotive design in relation to gradients and curves
    • No. 202, Note on locomotive design as it affects the bridge engineer
    • No. 203, Notes on cast iron sleepers
    • No. 204, Possibilities of steam railway electrification
    • No. 205, Renewal of girders on the Kiul bridge, East Indian railway - not on the method of erection
    • No. 206, Train resistances for various gauges, rail sections, track conditions, and types of rolling stock
    • No. 207, New Hump marshalling yard at Feltham, London and South Western railway
    • No. 208, Notes on railway surveys, with supplementary notes on railway surveys in Bengal
    • No. 209, Control of railway traffic by telephone
      • methods adopted on the Great Indian Peninsular railway
      • methods adopted in England
    • No. 210, Notes on motor traction and road railways including the Stronach-Dutton system
    • No. 212, Some aspects of the gauge question
    • No. 213, A substitute for track circuit between stations, with supplementary notes on other expedients for preventing a driver entering a block section without authority
    • No. 214, Motorizing railway terminals
    • No. 215, The Hardinge bridge over the Lower Ganges at Sara, with supplementary notes on the original project
    • No. 216, The stability of hill slopes
    • No. 217, Notes on concrete railway sleepers, (including Rendel, Palmer and Tritton's Experimental sleeper, Stent's patent concrete sleeper, and Green's patent "G.M." reinforced concrete sleeper
    • No. 218, Wheel dimensions and crossing clearances for the four gauges

  5. Box 6

    • No. 219, Technical education in relation to railways in America
    • No. 220, Steam versus electric locomotives for heavy grades
    • No. 221, Further notes on steam versus electric traction
    • No. 222, American railway motive power department and fuel organisations
    • No. 223, Minor equipment of locomotive repair shops
    • No. 226, Track stresses
    • No. 229, Indian standard locomotives (5' 6" gauge)
    • No. 230, Notes on the creosoting of railway sleepers and timbers in England
    • No. 231, Antiseptic treatment of sleepers in India
    • No. 232, Factors in the location and layout of locomotive repair shops
    • No. 235, Notes on the bridge rules of 1923
    • No. 236, Notes on the "standard dimensions" of Indian railways
    • No. 237, Notes on the working of steel foundries in Great Britain
    • No. 256, [Not in order] Notes on the preparation of railway projects
    • No. 316, [Not in order] Curve realignment on the East Indian railway

  6. Box 7

    • No. 238, Strength and wear of rails and their influence on the selection of the most economical section
    • No. 240, Note on the annual cost of sleepers as determined by their first-cost and life
    • No. 241, Report on working of Southern group of railways in England
    • No. 242, Railway statistics and the operating officer
    • No. 243, How to judge the prospects of new railways
    • No. 244, Sleeper spacing and its effect on the maximum permissible axle-load
    • No. 245, Report of the bridge sub-committee on track stresses
    • No. 248, Track maintenance
    • No. 249, Operating statistics and the divisional officer
    • No. 250, Axle-loads, wheel-diameter and railhead-dimensions (2 copies)
    • No. 253, Note on sleeper supply, with special reference to impregnated sleepers
    • No. 254, Trials with vacuum brakes on long goods trains
    • No. 259, The estimation of passenger earnings on new projects
    • No. 260, Note on steel sleeper design
    • No. 264, Memorandum on traffic surveys
    • No. 269, Notes on half round sleepers of sal and teak
    • No. 271, Antiseptic treatment of chir (pinus longiflora) for railway sleepers
    • No. 272, The stereographic survey of the Shaksgam [river] and an attempt to describe Mr. Wild's stereo-plotting machine, the Autograph
    • No. 274, A practical note on tunnelling in shale and limestone
    • No. 276, Investigation into the strength of rail joints
    • No. 278, Notes on tube railway construction
    • No. 279, Report on track practice on American and Canadian railways
    • No. 286, Stresses in fishplates for 90 lbs. rails (with conclusions affecting the design of standard rail and fishplate sections (3 copies)
    • No. 293, Simplified design of masonry arch by the elastic theory
    • No. 294, Frame arch spans for railway loadings
    • No. 297, The maximum length of rails as affected by the range of temperature and the design of the rail-joint (2 copies)
    • No. 299, The determination of the permissible speeds on curves
    • No. 300, Report on investigation into modern methods of introducing transition curves economically into existing lines of railway
    • No. 303, Wear of rails on curves and check-rail clearances required on curves of 4° and sharper
    • No. 305, Primary stresses in railway tracks

  7. BOX 8

    Quarterly Technical Bulletins edited and issued by the Deputy Director, Civil Engineering, Railway Board [East India Railways].

    Issues held, dated 1927 - 1947:-

    Handwritten copies of articles taken from the following bulletins:-

    • Vol. I, 1927-29. Nos. 4, 8-12.
    • Vol. II, 1929-32. Nos. 13-18, 21, 24.
    -:include titles such as:-
    • The fracturing of fish-plates
    • What percentage of the reciprocating masses of the metre gauge locomotive it is necessary to balance
    • Indian railway gauges
    • Replacing damaged web members in a 216 ft. Pratt truss span
    • The interpretation of coal analysis
    • Testing holding power of dog spikes....
    • Masonry arches of 100 ft. span....
    • Testing holding power of spikes....
    • A simple method of realigning curves
    • Strengthening the piers of Sabarmati bridge
    • Measurements of stresses in rails
    • Dismantling of arched overbridges....
    • ....the present policy of balancing two-thirds of the reciprocating mass of the locomotive....
    • The construction of nomograms
    • ....the effective distribution of loading on the pontoons and the stresses induced in the distributing girders
    • Industrial methods of water softening
    • Vol. III, 1932, No. 25, includes
      • Rails with lap in web and impact tests
      • Theoretical considerations of the geometrical layout of points and crossings
    • Handwritten extract from Vol. III, 1933. No. 29.
      - Cant affecting the safe speed on a curve
    • Vol. III, 1933, No. 30, includes
      • Laying of permanent way on lines under construction....
      • Comparative costs of reinforced beams for various mixtures
      • Plate girder calculations by graphical methods
      • Railway level crossings - movable barriers
    • Handwritten extract from Vol. III, 1934, No. 32.
      - Speed on curves laid with reduced superelevation
    • Vol. III, 1934, No. 33, includes
      • Roaring rails
      • Two-hinged culverts
    • Handwritten extract from Vol. III, 1934, No. 34.
      - Trials to determine the effect on tractive effort of gauge widening on curves
    • Vol. III, 1934, No. 35, includes
      • G.I.P. railway dynamometer car trials
      • Industrial methods of water softening, pt. II
      • Boiler feed water treatment
    • Vol. III, 1935, No. 36, includes
      • Interlocking design [in railway signalling]
      • ....effects of the Bhakra Dam scheme on the inundation canals....
    • Handwritten extract from Vol. IV, 1935, No. 38
      - Design of an earthquake resisting hospital at Quetta
    • Vol. IV, 1938, No. 48, includes
      • Deformation stresses by the method of "systematic relaxation of constraints"
    • Handwritten extract from Vol. V, 1938, No. 51
      - Earthquake reconstruction of buildings on Quetta railway division (part of)
    • Vol. V, 1939 No. 52, includes
      • Appendices to Earthquake reconstruction....Quetta...., above
    Handwritten copies of articles taken from the following bulletins:-
    • Vol. V, 1939-41. Nos. 54, 56, 58, 60.
    • Vol. VI, 1941-43. Nos. 61, 63, 64, 67-69..
    -:include titles such as:-
    • The hammer-blow of locomotives from the civil engineer's point of view
    • Design of earthquake-resisting buildings
    • Preparation of signalling plan and locking table relating to "square sheet"
    • Pooling of locomotives and its financial effects
    • A rational method of calculating the lengths of transition curves
    • The balanced turn-table - some notes on improvements to engine turntables on the N.W. railway
    • Notes on the relation between blast orifice diameter, back pressure, fuel economy and power in the conventional steam locomotive
    • The strength of compression members in bridges and structures
    • 105 ft. plate girder span of small construction depth - M.G., M.L. standard loading
    • The hammerblow of three-cylinder engines
    • Estimation of the number of B.G. wagons required for traffic
    • Vol. VII, 1944. No. 73, includes
      • The salvaging and re-insulating of wire from burnt out and damaged electrical machinery
      • A guide to the correct hardness of tools
      • Universal type points clamp
      • Rigid frame designs

    • Vol. VII, 1944. No. 74, includes
      • Pile bridging across deep and swiftly flowing water
      • Railway helical and volute springs, material, manufacture and design
      • Note on stress distribution in a railway sleeper

    • Vol. VII, 1944. No. 75, includes
      • Stress distribution in a rail-joint
    • Handwritten extract from Vol.VII, 1945, No.76
      - Hill torrents
    • Vol. VII, 1945. No. 77, includes
      • Prestressing the new girders of the Palar bridge
    • Handwritten extract from Vol.VII, 1945, No.78
      - Well foundations for bridges
    • Handwritten extract from Vol.VII, 1946, No.80
      - Formula for the analysis of wagon usage
    • Vol. VII, 1946. No. 81, includes
      • Deformation stresses in bridge girders
    • Handwritten extract from Vol.VII, 1946, No.82
      - Scientific research on Indian railways
    • Handwritten extract from Vol.VIII, 1947, No.84
      - Precast reinforced concrete box culverts
    • Vol. VIII, 1947. No. 86, includes
      • Symmetrical two-span rigid frames
      • A practical hint on the cold bending of mild steel rods


Donated by Ben Farmer.

Cutting from The Sunday Tribune, May 4, 1980.
2750 word article by Man Mohan Singh, under the title "I.C.S.: Extinction of a Species", paying tribute to the Indian Civil Service (referred to as the Steel Frame) and the men it comprised.

Includes 11 photographs of past characters in the Service.

(Small collections)


Given by R.O. Slack

Assam, U.P., 1945-1946.

Collection of 1 large and 84 small photographs taken by R.O. Slack, an officer in the 3rd Battalion Assam Regiment in or near Shillong 1945/46 - Groups, individuals, transport etc. also 2 of Dehra Dun.

See Photographs:- Box 39 and L14.


(Lt. Gen. Clement John Smith and Lt. Sherard Frederick Smith)

Given by Lt. Col. G.M. Sterling-Webb

  1. Clement John Smith 1831-1910. Seven commissions relating to his service in India.
  1. Sherard Frederick Smith 1861-1886. Commissioned as Lieutenant in H.M.S. Land Forces, relating to his service in India.
(Small collections)


(Mrs. Smith-Pearse, wife of T.L.H. Smith-Pearse, M.A., C.I.E., I.E.S.)

Central Provinces 1927-1944

Xeroxed copy of a brief memoir of life in India by Mrs. Smith-Pearse whose husband was Principal of Rajkumar College, Raipur, C.P. 25pp.

(Small collections)


Given by Sir John Smyth, Bt., V.C., M.C.

Punjab 1919

  1. TS copy of the original and unedited letter to The Observer, Sunday, 13 April 1975 on The Massacre at Amritsar, July 1919.
    Records an account given to Sir John Smyth (when Brigade Major in Lahore) by General Dyer's Brigade Major, Captain Briggs, who was in Jallianwala Bagh on the day, and also Sir John Smyth's comments on the Punjab situation. 4pp.
  2. Newspaper cutting of the edited letter to The Observer.
(Small collections)


(E.A. Smythies, C.I.E.)

'Nepal under the Ranas.' TS notes written by Smythies in 1967 giving a brief history of Nepal and description of the administration and state of the country during the period 1940-47 while he was Forest Adviser to the Nepal Government. 4 pp.

(Small collections)


Given by Lord Somers

  1. Plan of the City of Agra and Adjoining Gunges. (n.d. but c. 1857.)
  2. Letter to A.H. Cocks from P. Gholam Hyder, 17 August 1862 - Indian and English copies.
  3. Distribution list of H.M. Civil Officers in the N.W. Provinces on 1 November 1859.
  4. Print of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales' visit to India landing at Bombay. (n.d. but c. 1880)
  5. Poem written by Syed Abdullah.
  6. Two crayon sketches of the view from Mudan Mehal.
  7. Handwriting exercises:
    1. Nine sheets of Urdu writing
    2. Two sheets of Urdu writing on gold and white paper
    3. Two decorative sheets of Urdu writing
    4. One painted sheet of Urdu writing
    5. One sheet of Hindi script.
  8. One small newspaper cutting mentioning Arthur Cocks' gallantry at Goojerat
  9. Photocopy (from ?) of a biography of Arthur Herbert Cocks, 1819-1881, ancestor of the donor.

See also photographs:

Four photographs of Marathas, and one photograph of "My house at Mynpoory after 1857". (Photograph Archive Box 39)

Books presented:

  1. THP Ballads of the East and other Poems London, 1846. (Archives: SO1)
  2. Abbott, J. Narrative of a journey from Heraut .... 2 vols. London, 1856. (Archives: SOM4(a) and SOM4(b))
  3. Archer, Major. Tours in Upper India. Vol. II. London, 1833. (Archives: SOM5)
  4. Bouchier, C. Eight months campaign .... London, 1858. (Archives: C21)
  5. Bowring, L. Eastern experiences. London, 1872. (Archives: SO2)
  6. Cave-Browne, J. The Punjab and Delhi in 1857. 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1861. (Archives: C18 and C19)
  7. Elphinstone, M. The history of India. 2 vols. 2nd ed. London, 1843. (Library: (54):091)
  8. See also:- Elphinstone, M. The history of India. 1 vol. 9th ed. London, 1905. (With publisher's note that "the list of qualities in the chapter on Philosophy [incomplete and]....undetected for 62 years, is now complete." (Archives: (54):091)
  9. Forbes, D. Grammar of the Hindustani language. London, 1855. (Archives: Languages Section)
  10. Gubbins, M.R. An account of the mutinies in Oudh . .. . London, 1858. (Archives: C23)
  11. MacPherson, A.J. Rambling reminiscences of the Punjab campaign, 1848-49. London, 1889. (Archives: C27)
  12. Raikes, C. Notes on the revolts in the N. W. provinces of India. London, 1858. (Archives: C20)
  13. Sale, Lady. A journal of the disasters in Afganistan, 1841-42. London, 1843. (Archives: SO3)
  14. Seaton, T. From cadet to colonel. 2 vols. London, 1866. (Archives: C25 and C26)
  15. Trevelyan, G.O. Cawnpore. 3rd ed. London and Cambridge, 1866. (Archives: C22)


Papers of Major Edward John Somerset, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.B., B.S., D.O.M.S., M.S. (Lond.).

Born 12 November 1907. Indian Medical Service, Oct.1938 - Aug.1947.
(Quetta, Shillong, and Medical College Hospital, Calcutta; appointed Professor of Ophthalmology, Medical College, May,1944). After Independence until 1961, when he left India, in private ophthalmic practice in Calcutta. Late Ophthalmic Registrar, King's College Hospital, London, and Consultant Ophthalmologist, Harrogate General Hospital.

Given by Major Somerset.


14 Survey of India Maps of the Nepal, Sikkim and Tibet border areas.

  1. Sheet No. 78A Darjeeling; 3rd ed. (rev.)1937; (maj. corr.1943); scale 1in:4miles.
  2. Sheet No. 78A/SW and 72M/SE; 1st ed. 1941; scale -1in:2miles.
  3. Sheet No. 78A/NW and 77D/SW; 1st ed. 1941; scale -1in:2miles.
  4. Sheet No. 78A/NE and 77D/SE; 1st ed. 1941; scale -1in:2miles.
  5. Sheet No. 78B/NE; 1st ed. 1932, (reprint, 1945); scale -1in:2miles.
  6. Sheet No. 78B/NW; 1st ed. 1934; scale -1in:2miles.
  7. Sheet No. 77D Khamba Dzong; 2nd ed.1946; scale -1in:4miles.
  8. Sheet No. 78E Punakha; 2nd ed.1934; (rep. 1943); scale -1in:4miles.
  9. Sheet No. 78E Punakha; 2nd ed. (rev)1934; scale -1in:4miles.
  10. Road Map of India; 5th ed. (rev.)1939; (maj. corr.1942); scale -1in:50miles.
  11. Sheet No. 34N/3 Baluchistan; 4th ed. 1930; scale -1in:1mile.
  12. Shillong Guide Map; 3rd ed. (rev) 1946; scale -1mile:1/4mile.
  13. Shillong and Surrounding Country; 1st ed. 1939; scale -1in:1mile.
  14. Sheet No. 78A Darjeeling; 3rd ed. (rev.)1937; (maj. corr.1943); scale -1in:4miles.


TS Memoir: Reminiscences of an Indian Medical Service Officer from 1939 to 1961. By E.J. Somerset, Major I.M.S. (retd.) N.W.F.P., Shillong, Calcutta. Dated 1979. 309 ff. including index.

A discursive and frank account of colleagues, friends, household management, army social life in Quetta and Shillong and civilian social life in Calcutta and recreations, which include treks to Sikkim and Tibet. While in Quetta observed Sir Henry Holland's work. Many pages describe his own work. A comprehensive memoir showing his attitudes to British and Indians.


Given by Dr. Herbert T. Sorley, I.C.S.

H.T. Sorely entered the I.C.S. in 1914, held revenue and magisterial appointments in the Bombay Presidency, was a member of the Legislative Assembly of the Central Government; Chief secretary to Government of Bombay, Political and Services Department, 1946; compiled the Public Census Volumes of Sind and Bombay Presidency 1931 - also was with the Marine Fisheries of Bombay Presidency and became Editor compiler of Sind Gazetteers for Pakistan Government 1956 and was a member of the central Board of Revenue, Pakistan Government in Karachi until 1952.

BOXES 1, 2 and 3

Seven MS volumes of very detailed diaries, kept while at:-

Box 1

Vol. l. Hyderabad, 18 December 1915-24 April 1916
Vol. 2. Hyderabad, 25 April 1916-16 January 1917
Vol. 3. Jamali, 17 January - 6 October 1917.

Box 2

Vol. 4. Hyderabad, 8 October 1917 - 20 July 1918
Vol. 5. Sukkur, 20 July - 1 December 1918

Box 3

Vol. 6. Kaira, Gujarat, 1 January - 12 March 1922.
Vol. 7. Kaira, Gujarat, 13 March - 16 April 1922. Up to page 75 - the rest of the volume contains notes on European history, religion, parliamentary government etc.


  • A Memoir written in 1947 under the pseudonym of Castleton Ross entitled 'Last Fragrance'; an evaluation of Britain's final thirty years in India, in personal and mostly contemporaneous impressions.

    • Chapters 1 and 2; Attempts to offer some evidence of the positive value of British administration. Uses extracts from diary. Detailed description of first durbar in Sind, p.17 - p.27.
    • Chapter 3; Detailed account of life as a junior Assistant Collector in Sind.
    • Chapter 4; Describes wedding of a wealthy young man of the Talpur family, a branch of the Hyderabad Mirs which ended with the entire European population of Hyderabad attending several tamashas and a dinner. Also a conversation with his clerk on the Sindhi language.
    • Chapter 5; Describes visit to the Kaira church in Gujarat; court work particularly concerning the Dheds and Chamars. Describes area around Borsad.
    • Chapter 6; A general description of the Bombay littoral - the sea traders.
    • Chapter 7; Personal amusing incidents.
    • Chapter 8; Criticisms of transfer of power and assessment of British rule.
    • Chapter 9; Memories of 30 years in India.

  • Seven volumes of bound typescript, being excerpts from the writings of Sorley. They are entitled:
    • Vol. I. Recalling Mnemosyne.
    • Vol. II. Recalling Mnemosyne again.
    • Vol. III. The Web of Mnemosyne.
    • Vol. IV. The Maze of Mnemosyne.
    • Vol. V. Tracing Mnemosyne.
    • Vol. VI. The Loom of Mnemosyne.
    • Vol. VII. The Piping of Mnemosyne.
  • File containing TS articles entitled:

    • 'Anti aircraft', a humourous account of military gardening under aircraft bombing. 12 pp.
    • Extract from the Maratha, 27 July 1919. 2 pp.
    • Extract from the Home Ruler, 8 March 1919. 2 pp.
    • Extract from the Mahratta of 6 March 1919. 2 pp.
    • Extract from the Mahratta of 2 March 1919. 2 pp.
    • Extract from a newspaper dealing with Gandhi and Satyagraha. 2pp.
    • Copy of a letter from Kazi Fakhurudin Imamali to "Sir". 2pp.
  • The Times of India annual. 1929, 1931-34. (Archives Newspapers: Box 7).

See also:- Book presented - The Marine Fisheries of the Bombay Presidency, by H.T. Sorley, M.A., I.C.S. printed at the Government Central Press, Bombay, 1933. (Archive: C30).


Papers of Professor O.K.H. Spate. In India, July-August 1947, acting as an Adviser to the Ahmadiyya community on the Punjab Boundary Commission.

Given by Professor Spate.

Photocopy of diary kept by Professor Spate during his visit to India in 1947 giving his impressions of the country and the political situation. 84ff.

See also Professor Spate's letter of 4 March 1986 in correspondence files.

(Small collections)


Bequeathed by Dr (Thomas George) Percival Spear. Lecturer, St Stephen's College, Delhi 1924-40; various posts in Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India 1940-45; Bursar, Selwyn College, Cambridge 1945-70; Lecturer in History, Cambridge University 1963-69.


A collection of pamphlets, offprints, etc.

  1. Government of India, Ministry of Law. The law relating to Hindu succession. New Delhi, 1956.
  2. Government of India, Ministry of Law. The law relating to Hindu marriages. New Delhi, 1956.
  3. Government of India, Ministry of Law. The Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956. New Delhi, 1957.
  4. Government of India, Ministry of Law. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. New Delhi, 1956.
  5. Indian Acts. The Hindu Succession Act, 1956. No. 30 of 1956.
  6. Indian Acts. The Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956. No. 32 of 1956.
  7. Central Office of Information (U.K.). Fact sheets on the Commonwealth. 1963.
  8. Brijen K. Gupta. 'The actual English losses in the fall of Calcutta in 1756'. English Historical Review, 1960.
  9. Women's Voluntary Services India. Through victory to freedom. Madras, 1945.
  10. E.N. Spear. Light over Kisma. London, Church Missionary Society, 1951.
  11. The Anglican Church in Delhi, 1852-1952. Delhi, [n.d.].
  12. Radcliffe, Lord. Sir Henry Lawrence. Centenary address delivered in the Common Hall of Magee University College, Londonderry, 8 November 1957. Foyle College Old Boys' Association. [-1958].
  13. Khalsa College, Amritsar, Sikh History Research Department. Annual report 1963-64. Amritsar, [n.d.].
  14. By one who has served under Sir Charles Napier. The mutiny of the Bengal Army: an historical narrative. London, Bosworth and Harrison, 1857.
  15. P. Spear. 'The position of the Muslims, before and after partition' (Maratha translation). From India and Ceylon: unity and diversity edited by Philip Mason.
  16. R.J. Marshall. 'A free though conquering people': Britain and Asia in the eighteenth century. An inaugural lecture in the Rhodes Chair of Imperial History delivered at King's College, London on Thursday, 5 March 1981.
  17. British Information Services. The Khmer republic. London, Central Office of Information, 1971.
  18. Y.B. Mathur. 'The Khaksar movement'. Reprinted from: Studies in Islam. New Delhi, 1969.
  19. Stephen N. Hay. Jain influences on Gandhi's early thought. Between two worlds: Gandhi's first impressions of British culture. Ethical politics: Gandhi's meaning for our time. Berkeley, California, Center for South and Southeast Asia Studies, University of California, [n.d.].
  20. Eric Stokes. '"The voice of the hooligan": Kipling and the Commonwealth experience'. An Inaugural Lecture by the Smuts Professor of the History of the British Commonwealth in the University of Cambridge. Reprinted from: Historical perspectives: studies in English thought and society in honour of J.H. Plumb. London, Europa Publications, 1974.
  21. Anthony King. The bungalow. Parts 1 and 2.
  22. S.C. Sarkar. Hindusthan year-book 1934. Calcutta, M.C. Sarkar & Sons Ld, 1934.
  23. Athar Ali. The Mughal Empire in history [A Presidential address to the Section on medieval India at the 1972 Indian History Congress.] [n.d.] Includes a carbon of a letter from Dr Spear to Dr Athar Ali, dated 19 February 1973, commenting on the address.
  24. Edward Ingram. 'An aspiring buffer state: Anglo-Persian relations in the Third Coalition, 1804-1807'. Cambridge, The Historical Journal, XVI, 3 (1973), pp. 509-533.
  25. M.A. Rahim. 'An immature plan of the abortive rising of 1857'. Reprinted from University Studies, Vol. 1, No. l (April 1964), pp. 36-45.
  26. Y.B. Mathur. 'Religious disturbances in India'. Reprinted from Studies in Islam. New Delhi, January-October 1971.
  27. F.J. Western. 'The early history of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi'. Typescript, 1950.
  28. John Rosselli. 'An Indian Governor in the Norfolk marshland: Lord William Bentinck as improver, 1809-27'. Reprinted from The Agricultural History Review, Vol. 19, Part 1 (1971). The British Agricultural History Society, 1971.
  29. Kenneth W. Jones. 'Ham Hindu Nahin: Arya-Sikh relations, 1877-1905'. Reprinted from: Journal of Asian Studies, Volume XXXII, No. 3, (May 1973).
  30. E.I.J. Rosenthal. 'The role of Islam in the modern national state'. Reprinted from The year book of world affairs 1962, Vol. 16. London, The London Institute of World Affairs, 1962.
  31. Abdul Hamid. 'Renaissance in Indo-Pakistan: Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan as a politician, historian and reformist'. Reprinted from: M.M. Sharif. A history of Muslim philosophy with short accounts of other disciplines and the modern renaissance in Muslim lands, Vol. 2. Wiesbaden, Otto Harrassowitz, [1966].
  32. Report of the Land Reforms Commission for West Pakistan, January 1959. Lahore, Government Printing, West Pakistan, 1959.
  33. India. Central Advisory Board of Education. Draft post-war educational development in India. Report, January 1944. Simla, Government of India Press, 1943.
  34. Michael Brecher. 'Succession in India 1967. The routinization of political change'. Reprinted from Asian Survey, Vol. VII, No. 7, (July 1967).
  35. Dewitt Clinton Ellinwood, Jr. 'The Round Table movement and India, 1909-1920'. Offprint from: Journal of Commonwealth Political Studies, Vol. IX, No. 3, (1971).
  36. W.G. Orr. 'Armed religious ascetics in Northern India'. Reprinted from the Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, Vol. 24, No. I, (April 1940).
  37. Publications Division, Government of India. 5000 years of Indian architecture. New Delhi, 1951.
  38. A brief history of The Statesman (with which The Friend of India is incorporated). Calcutta, New Delhi, The Statesman, 1947.
  39. J. Burton-Page. 'Leadership and national consciousness through the monuments of India's past'. Discussion paper, Leadership in South Asia seminar series, Centre of South Asian Studies, S.O.A.S., 18 May 1972.
  40. Pamphlet: National Harmony, by Percival Spear. No.38 As 6 Oxford Pamphlets on Indian Affairs 1946. 32pp.
  41. Memorandum on the basis and structure of Indian Government, by P. Spear. Printed at the Cambridge printing works, Delhi. 21.1.40. 19pp.
  42. Privately printed paper and privately circulated early in 1932 after the breach between Lord Willingdon's government and the Congress led by Mahatma Gandhi. 18pp. 4 copies, (a) to (d):-
    • The break
    • Causes of the break
    • The Conflict
    • The Government's Policy
    • The Alternative
  43. Speech written for Sir Syed Sultan Ahmad when he was Information & Broadcasting Member on the Government of India, and T.G.P Spear was Deputy Secretary, at the Publicity Advisory Conference on March 11-12, 1944. 6pp.
  44. A TS paper entitled, Stern daughter of the Voice of God: ideas of duty among the British in India, written in 1975.


Books, booklets etc.

  1. The Great Day - a St. Stephen's College, Delhi, leaflet containing a translation of Satyendra Nath Datta's poem.
  2. A Sheaf - a St. Stephen's College, Delhi, leaflet containing thoughts of Joyce Shudira, 1932.
  3. A News-Letter of The Brotherhood of the Ascended Christ, Delhi, 1981.
  4. Social Development Work of the Delhi Brotherhood Society. 4th Annual Report, 1980-1981.
  5. Social Development Work of the Delhi Brotherhood Society. 5th Annual Report, 1981-1982.
  6. Delhi - Friends of Delhi News Letter, autumn, 1980.
  7. Delhi - Friends of Delhi News Letter, spring, 1981.
  8. The Cambridge Mission to Delhi - A Brief History by Lilian F. Henderson, 1931. (2 copies, (a) & (b).
  9. 14 copies of The Stephanian - a random collection of issues (some multiple copies) dated between May, 1925 and winter, 1973/4 (a) to (k)


  1. 7 more copies of The Stephanian - a random collection of issues dated between "annual", 1974/5 and October, 1981 (l) to (r).
  2. St. Stephen's College Magazine, 1924-25.
  3. Sir William Foster, 1863-1951, A Bibliography by Anthony Farrington. India Office Library and Records, Occasional Publications No.1, 1972.
  4. Archival and Library sources for the study of the activities of the non-official British community in India: a brief survey by Raymond K. Renford, 1976.
  5. Oriental Manuscript Collections in the libraries of Great Britain and Ireland by J.D. Pearson, 1954.
  6. Report of the Regional Survey Committee for West Bengal (1953-54)
  7. Punjab Government Record Office - Catalogue of Pictures, Documents and other objects of interest. Lahore, 1929.
  8. Annual Administration Report of the Rajasthan State Archives for the years 1958-59 and 1959-60.
  9. Fourth Report of the Keeper of the Manuscripts, University of Nottingham, 1961-1962.
  10. Guide to the Contents of the Public Record Office, Vols I and II. 1960.
  11. Catalogue of the Bhuri Singh Museum at Chamba. 1909.
  12. Notes on the Administration of Delhi Province, 1926.
  13. Abstract of the Census of India, 1931.
  14. Summary of instructions contained in the "Staff Manual of the Imperial Record Department for the storage, preservation, repair and destruction of records." 1932.
  15. List of Treaties, Engagements and Sanads in the Custody of the Imperial Record Department, 1941.
  16. A Manual of Rules regulating access to Archives in India and Europe, 1940.
  17. Notes on Preservation of Records, Imperial Record Department, New Delhi, 1941.


Spear's study notebooks; [used during his college days?].


  1. A Hand-Book to the Records of the Government of India in the Imperial Record Department, 1748 to 1859. 1925.
  2. Imperial Record Department Index to the Land Revenue Records, 1830-1837. 1940.
  3. Imperial Record Department Index to the Land Revenue Records, 1838-1859. 1942.
  4. Delhi - Its Monuments and History by T.G.P. Spear. First published 1943. (Two copies).
  5. A History of St. James' Church, Delhi by Colonel James Skinner, 1931.
  6. School of Oriental and African Studies - Library Guide, 1973.
  7. The Economic Condition of India During the Sixteenth Century, by H.L. Chablani, 1929.
  8. Selections from District Records - Midnapore Salt Papers, Hijli and Tamluk (1781- 1807). 1954.
  9. Paper bag containing three photographs - (1) Portrait of T.G.P. Spear, (2) Metcalfe House after the Mutiny, (3) Ludlow Castle.
  10. Analysis of Maine's "Ancient Law" by J.B. Oldham, 1913.
  11. A Fragment of my Literary Life, by Khwaja Ahmad Faruqi, 1971.
  12. A new voice for new times - the development of Hindi literature, by R.S. McGregor, 1980.
  13. Connection with Britain as an Issue in Indian Nationalist Politics, 1885-1905 by Brijen K. Gupta, 1963.
  14. Presidential Address (Section III: Modern India) to the 42nd Session of the Indian History Congress, by V.N. Datta, 1981.
  15. A Note on the Bentinck Papers in the Nottingham University Library by V.N. Datta, 1968.
  16. Rivista Storica Italiana, Anno LXXIX - Fascicolo II, Il Progetto Italiano Di Lord William Bentinck, 1811-1815, by John Rosselli, 1967.
  17. Landlords and Lords of the Land: Estate Management and Social Control in Uttar Pradesh, 1860-1920. By P.J. Musgrave, 1972.
  18. English Utilitarians and Indian Education by J.F. Hilliker, 1975.
  19. Local records - A Delhi experience and suggestion by T.G.P. Spear, 1939.
  20. Wisconsin Official State Highway Map, 1978-79. Scale 1inch:13 miles.
  21. Campus Map of the University of Wisconsin, Madison. 1978.
  22. Delhi through the ages: Studies in Urban Culture and Society - Program of Seminar in honour of T.G. Percival Spear, 1979.
  23. 8th Wisconsin Conference on South Asia, 1979 - schedule of events.
  24. The Future of India in the British Empire: the Round Table Group Discussions, 1912, by Dewitt C. Ellinwood, 1969.
  25. Trevelyan and the Reform of Indian Education.By J.F. Hilliker, [1979?].
  26. Culture, Social Power and Environment: The Hill Station in Colonial Urban Development, by Anthony D. King, 1976.
  27. List of Muhammadan Histories of India, excluding those of Independent Provincial Monarchies,1921.


  1. Folder, marked "Clive", containing press cuttings, correspondence with publisher, etc. concerning Spear's book Master of Bengal: Clive and his India. Circa 1974-5.
  2. Folder containing copy of Spear's W.G. Archer Memorial Lecture, entitled Imperial Decline: the British and Mughal Cases, May 1982, and associated correspondence.
  3. Folder containing other versions of the above Archer Memorial Lecture, plus associated correspondence
  4. Folder containing two papers by Stephen P. Blake - The Cities of Delhi and Cityscape of an Imperial Capital: Shahjahanabad in 1739.
  5. Folder containing two copies of a paper Stern Daughter of the Voice of God: Ideas of Duty Among the British in India by T.G.P. Spear, 1976.
  6. Folder containing two papers by Kenneth W. Jones Religious Identity and the Indian Census and Anxiety and Identity: The Creation of Hindu Consciousness and his C.V.


  • Folder containing reviews by T.G.P. Spear of many books, papers etc. for many publishers.
  • 17 papers presented at the Indian History Seminar-Workshop "Delhi Through the Ages: Studies in Urban Culture and Society" at the Center for South Asian Studies, University of Winsconsin-Madison, Oct.31 and Nov.1, 1979.
    • New Delhi, Architecture & Politics by Suhash Chakravarty.
    • Architecture and Empire: Sir Herbert Baker & the Building of New Delhi by Thomas R. Metcalf.
    • The Supreme Court as an Agent of Integration in India by Rajeev Dhavan.
    • Organised Hinduism in Delhi and New Delhi by Kenneth W. Jones.
    • Percival Spear's Vision of India: A Bibliographical Note by Ainslie T. Embree.
    • Britain and India: An Overall View by T.G.P. Spear.
    • Warriors, Servants, Scholars & Saints: The Culama of Delhi, 1803-57 by Barbara D. Metcalf.
    • Delhi - The Stop-Go Capital by T.G.P. Spear.
    • Percival Spear - A Bibliography.
    • Tabarrukat & Succession Among the Great Chisti Shaykhs of the Delhi Sultanate by Simon Digby.
    • Between Old and New Delhi: C.F. Andrews and St. Stephen's in an Era of Transition by Hugh Tinker.
    • Shah Waliu'llah & Cultural Dilemmas in Delhi in the 18th Century by S.A.A. Rizvi.
    • Artists and Patrons in 'Residency' Delhi, 1803-1858 by Dr. Mildred Archer.
    • Shahjahanabad - The Mughal Delhi 1638- c.1800 by Hamida Khatoon Naqvi.
    • Foreign Embassies to Aurangzib's Court at Delhi by G.Z. Refai.
    • India After Independence: Trends Ancient and Modern by Percival Spear.
    • Evangelicals and Bahadur Shah's Kingdom of Delhi, 1837-1862 by Peter Penner.


  1. File marked 'Director's Study Group' within which is a folder marked 'India at Peace, 1828-38' containing:- School of Oriental and African Studies discussion group's agendas, correspondence, proposals for contributions, manuscript notes, typescript notes on Lord William Bentinck.
  2. File marked 'Philips Group - Wellesley' containing:-
    • Rough notes on 'India: Society in War 1795-1808', and papers on:-
    • 'Agrarian Society and the Pax Britannica in Northern India',
    • 'Town Building in North India 1790-1830',
    • 'British Diplomacy and the Marathas 1795-1805',
    • 'Maratha Politics and Society Under the Peshwars: Consensus and Conflict',
    • 'Military Resouces and Techniques in the Anglo-Maratha Conflict',
    • 'The Impact of the Mysore and Maratha Wars Upon the Society of South India',
    • 'A Study of the Political and Social Conditions of Delhi and its Adjacent Territory 1795-1803',
    • 'Mysore After the Conquest',
    • 'The Akbar of the Company's Dynasty',
    • 'Economic and Political Expansion: the Case of Oudh',
    • 'Wellesley and Western India'.
  3. File containing various letters to and from T.G.P. Spear.
  4. Paper by B.N. Goswamy - 'In the Sultan's Shadow: Pre-Mughal Painting in and around Delhi'
  5. Paper by Feroz Ali Khan - 'Sir Salar Jung I, the Great Statesman of Hyderabad'
  6. A note on the Records Preserved in the Marathi Section of the Central Records Office, Hyderabad State.
  7. Historical Publications of the Central Records Office, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad-Deccan.
  8. Facilities available in the Central Record Office.
  9. Paper by DeWitt C. Ellinwood - 'British Policy and War: Ethnic Change in the Indian Army in World War I'.
  10. Paper by Jon Nichol - 'British Expansion into Bengal, 1757-1764'.
  11. Paper by D.H. Killingley - 'Scripture and Reason in the Religious Thought of Rammohun Roy'.
  12. Paper by J.F. Hilliker - 'Charles Edward Trevelyan as an Educational Reformer in India, 1827-1838'.
  13. Paper by S.N. Mukherjee - 'Class, Caste and Politics in Calcutta, 1815-1838'.
  14. Paper by S.N. Mukherjee - 'The Social Implications of the Political Thoughts of Raja Rammohun Roy'.


  1. Leaflet listing John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellows and their study proposals, 1980, and a proposal by Kenneth W. Jones on socio-religious movements in 19th and 20th century British India.
  2. Paper by Kenneth W. Jones - 'Anxiety and Identity: the Negative Component of Hindu Consciousness'.
  3. Paper by Margaret Spear - 'Personal Impressions of Delhi, India - 1933-1939'.
  4. Part of a paper, author unknown, pages 45-81, entitled 'Mansion', the appendix of which lists 28 mansions and 7 mosques in Shahjahanabad in 1739 (missing page, for page 63 lists 8 mosques constructed 1639-1739).
  5. Paper, in 4 parts, by "Iconoclastes" 'on The Princes and Territorial Chiefs of India', the third part of which is dated "Cheltenham, 1853". 53pp.
  6. Paper by Rajeev Dhavan - 'The Legal Rishis of New Delhi: The Supreme Court of India'
  7. 'Evelyn Ashdown's Shipwreck, 1943 - (15 Days in an Open Boat)'
  8. Memoirs by Margaret Spear(?) in 11 chapters:-
    • ch.1 - Jamaica; childhood memories (incomplete)
    • ch.2 - Return to England, 1910 (2 copies)
    • ch.3 - Suffolk (2 copies)
    • ch.4 - Delhi, pt.1 (2 copies)
    • ch.5 - Delhi (contd.)
    • ch.6 - My life in the "Hills"
    • ch.7 - The Hindustan Tibet Road (2 copies)
    • ch.8 - Egypt, Palestine and Plymouth
    • ch.9 - English Interlude (typescript and manuscript versions)
    • ch.10 - Jamaica Revisited, [from California] 1958 (2 copies)
    • ch.11 - Return to India, 1965
  9. Pages 5-7 of un-named, un-titled paper.
  10. 400ft reel of 16mm silent B&W ciné film of China(?) including religious ceremonies, wrestling etc.

BOX 10

Tied bundle of approx. 180 typed copies of letters, minutes and memoranda, many of them private and confidential, revenue, political, military and secret consultations and despatches etc. dated January to December 1830, many of them to, from and between Lord Bentinck and Lord Ellenborough.

Other writers and recipients include, inter alia, J.G. Ravenshaw, Sir Charles Metcalfe, Sir John Macdonald, Duke of Wellington, William Astell, Sir S.F. Wittingham, Robert Campbell, Peter Auber, S.R. Lushington, Sir John Malcolm, Lockett, Benson, Prinsep, etc.

BOX 11

Tied bundle of approx. 210 more typed copies, as Box 10, dated January to December 1831.

BOX 12

  1. Envelope marked "Bentinck Notes" containing alphabetical card index, many of which carry a heading "Bentinck TSS - SOAS" covered in hand (Spear) written notes and dated 1830/1831.
  2. Two letters; from Percy Spear to Sir Cyril Philips and reply.
  3. 27 pp. Spear manuscript "Lord William Bentinck - The Man"
  4. 28 pp. Spear manuscript "Lord William Bentinck - His Work"
  5. Folder of papers by Study Groups of The School of Oriental and African Studies mostly concerning Bentinck and the beginnings of modernisation, 1830-50.

BOX 13

  1. Expanding file marked "Social Life" containing notes and accounts for a miscellany of subjects.
  2. Spiral-bound note-book marked "Voyage 1958. Impressions returning from USA"
  3. Spiral-bound note-book handwritten by Margaret Spear - "Jamaica Revisited". 1958.
  4. Yellow folder "Correspondence with the Chairman of CMD" [Cambridge Mission to Delhi].

BOX 14

Buff folder containing miscellany of letters to, and reports from Spear, concerning examination of various Ph.D. theses.

BOX 15

Personal letters to T.G.P.S. from circa 1938 to circa 1978, in three files:-

  1. Letters file A - G.
  2. Letters file H - O.
  3. Letters file P - Z.

BOX 16

  1. File of miscellaneous newspaper cuttings.
  2. MSS - Oxford History of Modern India. Introduction, 1947-75. 91pp.
  3. Teape Lecture Foundation fund accounts for 1965 and 1967, Excerpts from the Will of the late Rev. William Marshall Teape, and the Teape Lecture Foundation in England as a Trust administered by the Cambridge Mission to Delhi.
  4. The following 15 files (continued in Box 17) were removed from an expanding file labelled "Delhi", containing miscellaneous research notes, some of which were presumably for a future treatise on the subject:-
    • Genealogies
    • Delhi - Population
    • Delhi - Adventurers
    • Delhi - History, 1761 - 1803
    • Garcin De Tassy
    • Delhi - General

Box 17

  1. contd.
    • Delhi - Europeans and Leading Persons (Col. R. Smith, Hindu Rao, Fraser, Skinner, C.T. & T.T. Metcalfe, Maj. Morrison)
    • Mughal Family (Shah Alam, Akbar II, Bahadur Shah I & II)
    • Delhi - Monuments (Canals, Asoka, Shalimar, Forts, etc.)
    • Mughals and Government (Stipend, Etiquette, Nazar, Succession, Wellesley)
    • Christians and Missionaries
    • Hardcastle Papers (notes and extracts from autobiography of Lady Clive-Bayley (née Metcalfe, whose sister was a Mrs. Hardcastle)
    • Metcalfe's Letters
    • Palace Intelligence
    • Colebrooke

BOX 18

  1. File containing two articles:-
    • Delhi - The Stop-Go Capital. (MS and TS)
    • Personal Impressions of Delhi, 1933-39.
  2. File containing news of Thames and Hudson's "Publisher of the Year" award, 1979.
  3. The Calcutta Historical Journal, Vol. VI: No.1, July-Dec. 1981.
  4. Blue exercise book - ms. notes on "Indian Economic History" by D.H. Buchanan.
  5. Hamdard Islamicus, Vol.IV, no.2, Summer, 1981.
  6. International Affairs, Winter 1981-82, Vol.58, no.1.
  7. Victorian Studies, June 1971, Vol.XIV, no.4.
  8. The Coronation in History, by B.Wilkinson.
  9. Pink spiral-bound note-book, "Return to Delhi, 1965" diary by Percival Spear.
  10. Blue spiral-bound note-book, "Return to India" (continued) diary by Percival Spear, with, in first section, list of Late Mughal Monuments.
  11. Eight annual reports of the Diocese of Delhi and the Cambridge Mission to Delhi from the years 1954 - 1966.
  12. Two reports of The Cambridge Brotherhood of The Ascension, Delhi, 1954-57.
  13. Twenty copies of "Delhi", the quarterly paper of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi, in connexion with S.P.G., in aid of the Diocese of Delhi; various, from 1938 to April 1957.
  14. Folder marked "Late Mughal" containing photos and correspondence concerning the use of some of them.

BOX 19

  1. Folder marked "Oxford History of India" containing correspondence concerning the book of the same name.
  2. File marked "Penguin" containing correspondence and royalty statements for "History of India".
  3. File marked "G.E.Wheeler" containing correspondence with Dr. Suhash Chakravarty.
  4. File marked "Rockefeller" containing correspondence with Pamela Nightingale.

BOX 20

  1. File marked "Sussex" containing correspondence with John Robinson of Encyclopaedia Britannica concerning articles "India-Pakistan, History of, Part 6", and "Aurangzeb".
  2. Microfilm in OHMS box:- letters to and from Holt Mackenzie and Amhurst(?) dated 1824/27 filmed by the National Library of Scotland.
  3. Microfilm in Kodak box:- filmed by the India Office Library - Records of the Madras Revenue Proceedings 1845, range 280, vols. 68 and 70 and 1847, range 281, vols. 20 and 21.
  4. Offprint from the Connoisseur Feb. 1972, by Mildred Archer "An artist engineer - Colonel Robert Smith in India (1805-1830).
  5. Paper by V.N. Datta "Bentinck. Rammohun Roy and the Abolition of Suttee" 1974.
  6. Two papers by DeWitt C. Ellinwood, Jr. "Indian Leaders' Conceptualisation of World War One: the Views of Gandhi" and "The Indian Soldier and Change, 1914-1918"
  7. Two bundles of hand-written cards containing Spear's research notes on "Clive".

BOX 21

  • Two bundles of book reviews and reprints of various papers, mostly by Spear, some being multiple copies; among them are:-
    • "Report on the Records of the Chief Commissioner's Office, Delhi" - Spear
    • "Local records - A Delhi experience and suggestion - Spear
    • "Nazism and Communism, a comparison and a contrast" - Spear
    • "British historical writing in the era of the nationalist movements" - Spear
    • "The grounds of political obedience in the Indian State" - Spear
    • "Some aspects of Indian bureaucracy in the Gupta, Mughal and British Empires" - Gupta
    • "The position of the Muslims, before and after Partition - Spear
    • "Independence, Nationalism and Religion in South Asia" - 5 books reviewed by Spear
    • "Britain's Transfer of Power in India: Review Article" - Spear
    • "From Colonial to Sovereign Status: Some problems of transition with special reference to India" - Spear
    • "Some Early Indian Nationalists and their allies in the British Parliament, 1851 - 1906" - Cumpston
    • "The East India Companies Reactions to the Charter Act of 1853" - Chatterji
    • "The Prospects of Democracy" - Spear
    • "History" - Spear
    • "Europe After The War" - Spear
    • "National Harmony" - Spear
    • "Communal Harmony" - Spear
    • "Memorandum on the Basis and Structure of Indian Government - Spear
    • "Mahatma Gandhi" - Spear
    • "Indo-British Relations in the Future" - Spear
    • "Lord William Bentinck" - Spear
    • "Bentinck and the Taj" - Spear
  • Parts of Spear's Diary, 1918-?

BOX 22

  1. Folder containing 3 reprints of "Babur" and 23 reprints of "Clive, Robert" by Spear from the fifteenth edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1974.
  2. Folder containing reprints of various papers, addresses, etc. by Spear
    • "Delhi University"
    • "The Reformation"
    • "The Mughal Mansabdari System" (2 copies)
    • "The Twilight of the Moghuls"
    • "Britain's Contribution to the Growth of Democracy in India"
    • "Bahadur Shah I" and "Bahadur II"
    • "Memorandum on the Basis and Structure of Indian Govt."
    • "A Study of the Political and Social Conditions of Delhi and its adjacent Territory, 1795 - 1803
  3. Folder containing reprints of various papers by:- Spear, Bruce B. Lawrence, G.Z. Refai, Frykenberg and Yandell, Thomas R. Metcalf, P.G. Robb, and unknown authors.
  4. Folder containing reprints of various papers by:- Frykenberg, J.F. Hilliker, A.A. Powell, Eric Stokes, Spear, Mary Doreen Wainwright, D.J. Howlett, Kenneth Ballhatchet, unknown, C.H. Philips, Peter Robb.

BOX 23

  1. Folder containing seminar papers for SOAS by ;- Spear, J.B. Harrison, K.M. Mohsin, A.D. King, R.J. Llewellyn-Jones, R.W. Bradnock, Lata Malviya
  2. Folder containing various papers by Spear, some for the fifteenth edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1974, including Clive, Robert and Indian Subcontinent, History of the.
  3. War memories in India, 1939-45, by Spear.
  4. More copies of Evelyn Ashdown's 'Shipwreck'
  5. More papers by Spear and notes for seminar topics
  6. Miscellaneous letters

BOX 24

  1. File of letters concerning Spear's Cambridge History of India
  2. File of Spear lecture notes.
  3. Bundle of book jackets for Oxford in Asia Historical Reprints From Pakistan (general adviser Percival Spear)

BOX 25

  1. Folder containing reference notes under various subject headings, 'Register of Bentinck's TSS at SOAS' and the Bentinck family tree from 1682 to 1929, all in Spear's handwriting.
  2. Folder containing copies of extracts from 'Bengal and India Secret Letters' vols. 21 and 22 and enclosures, and minutes on various subjects by Sir Charles Metcalfe and by Bentinck.
  3. Folder containing reference notes by Spear on various subjects.

BOX 26

The following three folders were removed from a large expanding file marked "General I":-

  1. Folder containing newspaper cuttings, letters, reference/research notes etc. which were under subject headings such as:- Indo-Persian culture, Burma, Dutch, Europeans in India (Sir T. Roe, Kipling in Hills), Congress, W. Hastings, Revenue (J. Sullivan, A. Campbell, Irfan Habibh, M. Elvin), Punjab, Caste, Firearms, Muslim & Mughal India, etc.
  2. Folder containing papers, extracts, letters etc. as follows:-
    • "The Arya Samaj and Communal Tensions in the Punjab, 1877-1897" - Kenneth W. Jones
    • "Early Medieval History of Bengal - The Khaljis: 1204-1231" - Abdul Majed Khan
    • "The Historicity of Ibn Batuta re. Shamsuddin Firuz Shah" - Abdul Majed Khan
    • "Nationalism in China - The Foreign Challenge and the Chinese Responses" - Mark Elvin
    • "Brief Chronology of Modern Chinese History" - (late 18supthsup century) - M. Elvin
    • Photographs and 5pp.TS explanation of a scroll depicting the procession of state of Akbar Shah II (S. Digby ?)
    • Booklet "A Plea for Reconstruction of Indian Policy" - Jayaprakash Narayan, 1959.
  3. Folder containing scrumped newspaper cuttings from various sources

BOX 27

  1. Folder containing letters and accounts for the Cambridge Mission to Delhi and Teape Lecture Foundation Fund.
    Included is a "Copy Clause from draft Will (of the Rev. W.M. Teape) and a copy of "Memorial by the Acting Executors of the late William Marshall Teape for The Opinion of Counsel"
  2. Folder containing correspondence concerning the Cambridge Mission to Delhi.

BOX 28

  1. Folder containing more correspondence concerning the Cambridge Mission to Delhi and including a leaflet "One Hundred Years in Delhi, the Brotherhood of the Ascended Christ, 1877-1977"

BOX 29

  1. Folder containing 'Modern Bengal', a series of lectures delivered before the South Asia Colloquium, November/December, 1957 by Professor Nirmal Kumar Bose, University of Calcutta.
  2. Folder containing 17 chapters of 'Robert Clive: Forerunner of Empire', MSS and TSS.

BOX 30

  1. File containing Spear's application for the post of Reader in Indian History at SOAS, 1963, including his CV to date.
  2. Modern Asian Studies, vol.1, part 1, January 1967 which includes his article 'Nehru'.
  3. Modern Asian Studies, vol.3, part 4, October 1969 which includes his article 'Mahatma Gandhi'.
  4. Article 'Who were the Chihilgani, the Forty Slaves of Sultan Shams Al-Din Iltutmish of Delhi' by Gavin Hambly.
  5. Article 'A Note on Sultaniyeh/Sultanabad in the Early 19th Century' by Gavin Hambly.
  6. Reprint of 'Britain's Transfer of Power in India: Review Article' by Spear.
  7. Two copies of reprint 'Independence, Nationalism and Religion in South Asia' by Spear.
  8. Three copies of reprint 'Bentinck and the Taj' by Spear.
  9. Reprint of 'Nehru' by Spear.
  10. Reprint of 'Mahatma Gandhi' by Spear.
  11. No. 38 of Oxford Pamphlets on Indian Affairs - 'National Harmony' by Spear.
  12. 17 copies of 'An Offprint from Elites in South Asia' edited by Edmund Leach and S.N. Mukherjee, 1970.
  13. 7 editions of 'The Quarterly Review of Historical Studies' Calcutta
    • Volume III, (1963-64) Nos. 1 & 2, 3, 4.
    • Volume IV, (1964-65) Nos. 1 & 2, 3, 4.
    • Volume VIII, (1968-69) No. 4.
  14. Two copies of pamphlet printed in Marathi.
  15. Two reprints of 'The Early Days of Bishop's College, Calcutta' by Spear.
  16. Typed article, 38pp. by Spear, 'Patterns of British Leadership in British India, Theme with Variations'.
  17. Reprint of 'Turkistan, History of,' by Gavin Hambly, from the fifteenth editon of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1974.
  18. Part 73 of 'History of the English-Speaking Peoples, by Sir Winston Churchill - India, Birth of the Raj' including article 'End of the Moguls' by Spear.

BOX 31

  1. 2 reprints 'Babur' by Spear, from the fifteenth edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1974.
  2. 11 copies 'Aurangzeb' by Spear, from the fifteenth edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1974.
  3. 2 copies 'From Colonial to Sovereign Status - Some Problems of Transition with Special Reference to India' by Spear, 1958.
  4. 5 copies of reprint from 'The Far East and Australasia, 1970', "History (Of India)" by Spear.
  5. Part 22 of 'History of the English-Speaking Peoples, by Sir Winston Churchill - The Black Death'.
  6. Bengal, Past and Present, July - December, 1970, including article by Spear, 'The Early Days of Bishop's College, Calcutta'.
  7. 50 copies of reprint ' Bahadur Shah I & II' by Spear.
  8. Reprint of 'Britain's Transfer of Power in India: Review Article' by Spear.
  9. Journal of the Panjab University Historical Society, April, 1935, including article 'The Grounds of Political Obedience in the Indian State' by Spear.
  10. Reprint from Bengal, Past and Present, 1960, 'Lord Lytton and the Indian Civil Service; some new evidence from the Lytton-Stephen Correspondence'.
  11. Journal of the South Seas Society, June, 1959, 'Lord Macartney and the Viceroy of Canton: January, 1794', by Alastair Lamb.
  12. The Cambridge Journal, October, 1951.
  13. Reprint of 'Authorship of the Education Despatch of 1854' by Prashanto K. Chatterjee.
  14. Reprint from Dictionary of National Biography, 'Gangopadhyay, Dwarakanath' [Prashanto K. Chatterjee?].
  15. Papers on Southeast Asian Subjects, no. 5 'Chandi Bukit Batu Pahat, Three Additional Notes' by Alastair Lamb.
  16. Leaflet 'Notes and Queries' July 1961.
  17. Reprint 'Unrest in Northern India During the Viceroyalty of Lord Mayo, 1869-72, the Background to Lord Northbrook's Inactivity' by G.R.G. Hambly, 1961.
  18. Reprint from International Journal, 1962, 'Neutralism: An Analysis' by Michael Brecher.
  19. Reprint, 1960, 'Traditional Culture and Modern Developments in India' by W. Norman Brown, University of Pennsylvania.
  20. Reprint, 1962, 'British Society in Guntur During the Early Nineteenth Century' by Robert Eric Frykenberg.
  21. Reprint "Chapter three" 'The Political Evolution of Pakistan: a Study in Analysis' by Spear.
  22. 12 photographic copies of plates (plus index) in "Sketches in Scinde" - 'from drawings by Lieut. Wm. Edwards, 86th Regt., 1846'.
  23. Reprint, 1961, 'The Content of Cultural Continuity in India' by W. Norman Brown.
  24. Journal of Commonwealth Political Studies, vol. 1, no. 2, May 1962.
  25. 'Arte Dell'India Musulmana E Correnti Moderne' by Hermann Goetz, 1962.

BOX 32

  1. The following 9 folders were removed from an expanding file (labelled "Bentinck") mainly of Spear's research notes under section headings as follows:-
    • Personal
    • Papers - Macaulay, Prinsep
    • Correspondence
    • C. Grant
    • Correspondence with Individuals
    • Minutes - The Army
    • Services, Boards, Steam (H. Lindsay), Objects of Govt., Education, General
    • Roads
    • States

BOX 33

  1. The following 10 folders were removed from an expanding file (labelled "W.B.[Bentinck], Revenue, Judicial, C. Metcalfe Papers") of Spear's research notes under section headings as follows:-
    • Papers
    • Bengal
    • Madras
    • Bombay
    • Delhi
    • N.W.P.
    • Technical terms/Police/Torture
    • Panchayat/Judicial, Bengal
    • Madras/Bombay/Courts/Law
    • Books/Regulations/Papers

BOX 34

  1. The following 8 folders were removed from an expanding file (labelled "W.Bentinck - Education") of Spear's research notes under section headings as follows:-
    • General
    • Controversy
    • Adam's Report
    • Delhi
    • Colleges (Hindu, Agra, Scot, Madrasa, Benares, Sanscrit
    • Bombay/Madras/Bareilly
    • Ideas (general, govt., court's views)/Finance
    • Language (Persian, English, Vernacular, Translations)/Haileybury/Civil Service
  2. Envelope containing items written by Simon Digby:-
    • Reprint, "A Seventeenth Century Indo-Portuguese Writing Cabinet
    • Review for BSOAS "Momtazur Rahman Tarafdar: Husain Shahi Bengal, 1494-1538 A.D: a socio-political study"
    • Review for BSOAS "Saiyid Athar Abbas Rizvi: Muslim revivalist movements in northern India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries"
    • Reprint, "Dreams and Reminiscences of Dattu Sarvani" [Part I]
    • Encyclopedia entry? "Humayun, Nasir al-Din Humayun Padishah"
    • Offprint, "The Literary Evidence for Painting in the Delhi Sultanate"
  3. Paper, "Rohilkhand - A study in the Great Indian Rebellion, 1857-58" by E.I. Brodkin
  4. Paper, "The Suburban Village in Bengal in the Second Half of the 19th Century - A Study in Social History" by Pradip Sinha
  5. Paper, "The Growth of Bureaucracy in Indian Administration after 1858; A Private Criticism by A.O. Hume"
  6. Reprint, "Dialogue between Ian [Stephens] and Ray [Panikkar]: is Jesus Christ Unique?"
  7. "Further Note on the Formation of a Public Health Board" by Maj. Gen. Megaw
  8. Reprint, "The Siol Gorrie" by R. MacLagan Gorrie
  9. Reprint, "Rabindranath Tagore in America" by Stephen N. Hay
  10. Reprint, "From Monopoly to Competition in India's Politics" by W.H. Morris-Jones
  11. Reprint, "Landlords Without Land: The U.P. Zamindars Today" by Thomas R. Metcalf
  12. Reprint, "Factors in the Marquis Wellesley's failure against Holkar, 1804" by A.S. Bennell
  13. Offprint from St. Anthony's Papers - South Asian Affairs, No. 2, Introduction by S.N. Mukherjee
  14. Reprint, "The Neglected Plateaus of Dandakaranya" by B.H. Farmer
  15. "Delhi through the Ages: Studies in Urban Culture and Society" - Seminar programme, 1979, Wisconsin
  16. Paper for the above, "North India's Cities during the 'Twilight' by Chris Bayly
  17. Reprint, "Who were the Chihilgani, the forty slaves of Sultan Shams al-Din Iltutmish of Delhi? by Gavin Hambly
  18. Souvenir of the tenth annual conference of the Institute of Historical Studies, 1972, Kurukshetra University

BOX 35

  1. Reprint, "Dalhousie and the Annexation of Oudh: A reappraisal of Sir William Lee-Warner's Views" by P.K. Chatterjee
  2. Quarterly Review of Historical Studies, Calcutta, 1967-68
  3. Reprint, "Taqi-ud-Din Kashi's Account of Mir Muhammad Ma'sum Bhakkari" by Mahmud-ul-Hasan Siddiqi
  4. Reprint, "The Baluch Migration in Sind and their Clash wityh the Arghuns" by Siddiqi
  5. Offprint, "Reforms in the Bengal Salt Monopoly, 1786-95" by H.R.C. Wright
  6. Reprint, "Revolution and Tradition in Modern History" by Peter Munz
  7. Offprint, "Mahdi of Jaunpur in Sind" by M.H. Siddiqi
  8. Photocopy of "Diary of Col. Cromwell Massy, Kept While a Prisoner at Seringapatam" (1780-84)
  9. "Russia's Policy in Central Asia, 1857-68" by N.A. Khalfin
  10. Reprint, "Culture Areas, Culture History and Regionalism" by S.C. Malik
  11. Paper, "The Emergence of India and Pakistan", by Spear
  12. Paper, "A Study of the Political and Social conditions of Delhi and its adjacent Territory, 1795-1803" by Spear
  13. Paper, "A Study of British Relations with the Native States of India, 1858-62", "The Modernization of British Indian Finance, 1859-62" and "The Promotion of Education Under Canning, 1856-62" by Bhupen Qanungo
  14. "Modern Asian Studies" January, 1972
  15. "The Indian subcontinent: new and old political imperatives" by William J. Barnds
  16. Reprint, "Sufis and Nathan Yogis in Medieval Northern India" by S.A.A. Rizvi
  17. Folder of odds and ends
  18. Folder containing communications between Spear and the Royal Commonwealth Society.
  19. Folder 'Mughal India', TSS by Spear, and what appear to be two chapters (MSS) of further work 'Delhi and the Great Moghuls'

BOx 36

  1. Three folders containing several chapters of TSS and MSS (in Margaret Spear's hand?) of comments on and reminiscences of India. [Draft memoir?]

BOX 37 Comprising booklets, pamphlets, periodicals, as follows:-

  1. 'Encyclopaedia of Islam', preliminary list of articles, N-Z, 1964.
  2. 'The Indian Archives', vol. X, 1956
  3. 'The Indian Archives', vol. XII, 1958
  4. 'The World Today', June 1968
  5. 'Lord North - The Noble Lord in the Bue Ribbon' John Cannon
  6. 'Edwardian England' Donald Read
  7. 'Pacific Affairs' Spring 1970
  8. 'South Asian Library and Research Notes' vol. IV (1967-68) no.1
  9. 'South Asian Library and Research Notes' vol. IV (1967-68) no.2
  10. 'The Quarterly Review of Historical Studies' vol.VIII (1968-69) no.1
  11. 'The Quarterly Review of Historical Studies' vol.VIII (1968-69) no.2
  12. 'The Quarterly Review of Historical Studies' vol.VIII (1968-69) no.3
  13. 'Fiji', COI, August 1970
  14. 'Laos', COI, June 1970
  15. 'Africa', COI, August 1970
  16. 'Vietnam, background to an international problem' COI, October 1970
  17. 'From Raja to Landlord: The Oudh Talukdars, 1850-1870' Thomas R. Metcalf
  18. 'Modern Asia Studies' vol. 4, part 1, January 1970
  19. 'Modern Asia Studies' vol. 4, part 2, April 1970
  20. Reprint from 'Empire and Nations' - essays in honour of Frederic H. Soward
  21. 'The Kingdom of Germany in the Middle Ages' J.B. Gillingham
  22. 'Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, no. 2, 1973
  23. 'The Paris Commune of 1871', Eugene Schulkind, 1971
  24. 'Asian Affairs', vol. 58, part II, June 1971
  25. Two copies of 'Seminar 234 Grassroots Democracy - a symposium on the restructuring of the panchayat system', February 1979

BOX 38

  1. 'Modern Asian Studies', vol. 1, parts 1 - 4, 1967
  2. 'Modern Asian Studies', vol. 2, part 1, 1968
  3. 'Modern Asian Studies', vol. 4, part 4, 1970
  4. 'Modern Asian Studies', vol. 6, part 2, 1972
  5. 'Modern Asian Studies', vol. 9, part 1, 1975
  6. 'Modern Asian Studies', vol. 13, parts 1 - 4, 1979
  7. Folder containing Spear's research notes - Personalities, Delhi, miscellaneous

BOX 39

  1. Folder containing Spear's research notes - Delhi, Mutiny etc.
  2. Folder containing Spear's research notes - W. Bentinck, States and Foreign

BOXES 40 and 41

  1. Eight folders/files containing correspondence, invoices etc. in connection with the work of the Cambridge Mission to Delphi.

BOX 42

  1. Photocopy of the autobiography of H.T. Prinsep (incomplete - starts at chapter 2)
  2. Expanding folder of Spear's research notes/newspaper cuttings on 'Expansion of Europe' under headings such as:-
    • Greeks and Romans in India
    • Portuguese
    • Tipu Sultan
    • Indian influence on West and West on East
    • Prester John
    • Hoarding
    • India-China Boundary
    • Indian Election
    • Jute
    • Pakistan
    • South East Asia
    • Ceylon
    • W.B[entinck].
    • Trade and Economic Policy/Spice/Shipping/Cantabile C.
    • Tales
    • Indians - General/Mrs Chapman
  3. Folder of Spear's research/lecture notes

BOX 43

  1. Expanding folder, W.B. [Bentinck] - State of India, mainly social, under headings such as:-
    • Missionaries and Religion
    • suttee
    • Infanticide
    • Thugs
    • Slavery
    • Corruption
    • Anglo-Indians
    • Press
    • Slaves
    • Steam and Navigation
    • Journals

BOX 44

  1. 18 copies of offprint - 'Chapter 25, The Mughals and The British' by Spear
  2. Offprint - 'British Expansion in India in the 18th Century: a Historical Revision' by P.J. Marshall
  3. 'Bengal, Past and Present', diamond jubilee number, 1967, of the Calcutta Historical Society
  4. Folder of miscellaneous research/lecture notes, including:-
    • Paper, "A Curiosity; long life among British writers who lived in India" by Ian Stephens
    • Reprint, "Eunuchs in Bengal", by Gavin Hambly
    • Paper, "India After Independence: Trends Ancient and Modern"
    • Several copies of "Delhi - The Stop-Go Capital" by Spear
  5. Folder of miscellaneous religious pieces
  6. Two folders of miscellaneous letters

BOX 45

  1. Folder of miscellaneous papers, including:-
    • "Mughal Army in India, [pt.4?]. 'Mansab System'. Salary of Mansabs"
    • [Pt.2 of the above?]. No title, author unknown
    • Extract from "Capital", June 12, 1946. By "C.B."
    • "The Twilight of the Moghuls" (no name)
    • "British Policy in India" by Spear
    • "National Harmony" (no name)
  2. Folder of miscellaneous papers, including:-
    • "Whip's Report - Autumn Session, 1943"
    • "Report on the Life of the College"
    • "Note on Propaganda to America"
    • "Counter Propaganda Directorate"
    • "Suggestion for a Social Settlement in Delhi", by Spear
    • "Problems of Publicity in India", Sir Sultan Ahmed's account...
    • "Technique, Colours and Paper", by F.R. Martin
  3. Folder of quotations and press cuttings
  4. Folder containing :-
    • 9 roneo copies of "Personal Impressions of Delhi, India - 1933-1939"
    • 2 manuscript copies of "Personal Impressions of Delhi, India - 1933-1939" in Margaret Spear's handwriting

BOX 46

  1. Folder containing :-
    • Typescript, 'India, 1. Hindu and Muslim India',
    • 'English Social Life in India a Hundred Years Ago'
    • Two versions of 'The Early Day's of Bishop's College, Calcutta'
  2. Folder - notes and letters on 'The Concept of Duty in South Asia'
  3. Folder containing letters, reports and papers about the Cambridge Mission to Delhi
  4. Folder containing handwritten and typed versions of :-
    • "The Nabobs"
    • "India - Its History"

BOX 47

  1. Folder containing :-
    • ' Europe After the War', by Spear
    • 'The Government of The United States - What it is and how it works'
    • 'The New Order'
    • 'What the Lease and Lend Act Means'
    • 'Two Years of War', by Spear
    • 'The Battle of the Atlantic'
    • Letters etc.
    • 'History of Chamba State in Mughal and Sikh Times' by H. Goetz, Baroda
    • Paper - 'India After Independence' comprising:-
      • Introduction
      • Crisis and the Constitution
      • Nehru's India - The Decline
      • Post Nehru India - Lal Bahadur Shastri
      • Post Nehru - Indira Gandhi
    • Paper - 'Ananda: The Concept of Bliss in the Upanisads'
  2. Folder containing:-
    • 'Some Factors in Indian History'
      • I 'General'
      • II 'The Mughal Empire' [2 typed copies and 1 mss copy]
      • III 'The British'
      • IV 'The Indian National Congress'
    • 'The Mughal Mansabdari System' [2 copies]
    • [Some thoughts on] Mughal Architecture
  3. Folder containing :-
    • Notes, one mss and two corrected tss copies of "Mahatma Gandhi", 1969.
  4. Folder containing :-
    • Notes and two tss copies of "Interpretations of Modern Indian History"
    • Notes and tss copy of "The British in South Asia, to 1880"
    • Notes and tss copy of "Nationalism in South Asia"
    • Notes, tss copy and galley proof of "Pakistan, Islam and the West"
    • Tss copy of "Western Historical Writing in the Era of the Nationalist Movements"
    • Tss copy of "The Meaning of Indian History"

BOX 48

  1. Folder containing :-
    • "Lord Ellenborough and Lord William Bentinck"
    • "Local Records - A Delhi Experience and Suggestion"
    • Uncorrected proof of "The Transition from Dependence to Sovereign Status: The Constitutional Aspect"
    • 'Political Evolution of Pakistan"
    • "Lord William Bentinck"
    • Two copies of "Sardar Panikkar and Christian Missions"
    • "The Mutiny, 1857 - 1957"
    • "Village Administration Under British Rule"
    • "Delhi and The Mutiny"
    • Notes and tss of "The Emergence of India and Pakistan"
  2. Folder containing :-
    • Two copies of "The Pattern of Post-War Politics and India's Part Therein"
    • "Mughal Delhi and Agra"
    • Notes and mss of "The population of India in the Early 19th Century"
    • Mss of "The Records of the Chief Commissioner's Office, Delhi"
    • "Bentinck and The Taj
    • "Lord Ellenborough and Lord William Bentinck"
    • "Lord William Bentinck"
    • "Delhi University"
  3. Folder containing :-
    • "The Last Emergence of The Raj" by Eric Fykenberg
    • "The Cambridge Mission To Delhi" by John Harrison
    • Offprint, "Bentinck and the Taj"
    • Offprint, "The Mughal 'Mansabdari' System"
    • Offprint, "From Colonial to Sovereign Status - Some Problems of Transition With Special Reference to India"
    • "Bengal Past and Present - Bishop's College, Calcutta"
    • "Mahatma Gandhi"
    • "Nehru"
    • Offprint, "British Historical Writing in the Era of the Nationalist Movements"
    • Two Reprints from "The Far East and Australasia, 1970"
    • Four copies, "India After Independence"
    • Notes and three copies of "Britain and India: an Overall View"

BOX 49

  1. Folder containing outline and specimen chapter 'The Genesis of War' for projected book "Merchants, Mughals, and the English in Western India, 1662-1690" by G.Z. Refai
  2. Folder containing photocopy of "The Socio-Political Morphology of Madras: An Historical Interpretation"
  3. "The Future of New Delhi - The Making of the Imperial City" by S. Chakravarty
  4. "The Nature of the Ocean Floor", inaugural lecture of W.D. Chesterman, professor of geophysics.
  5. "A Map of XVII Century England, with Description, Chronological Tables, and a Map of London circa 1660". Scale 16 miles:1inch. Published by Ordnance Survey, 1930.
  6. Book, The Wisdom of the East Series, "The Persian Mystics, Jalalu'D-Din Rumi" F. Hadland Davis
  7. "Leon Roth, 1896-1963" by T.E. Jessop
  8. 'The World Today', June 1964. Article: 'India and China: Response to Challenge'
  9. 'The World Today', November 1969. Article: 'The Crisis in the Congress Party: The Indian Presidential Election'
  10. 'The World Today', August 1971. Article: 'Pakistan's Disintegration'
  11. 'The World Today', April 1977. Articles: 'China: The Politics of Succession' and 'Chinese Foreign Policy After Mao'
  12. 'The World Today', June 1980
  13. 'Irish Unionism, 1885-1922' by Patrick Buckland
  14. Book, "Modern World History" by K.C. Khanna, R. Dayal
  15. 'South Asian Review', vol.4, no.4, July 1971
  16. 'South Asian Review', vol.5, no.1, October 1971
  17. Curzon Press Catalogue, Summer 1980 - review of "The Nabobs", by Spear
  18. Oxford University Press - 'Oxford in India' [1979?]
  19. Book, The Heritage of India Series, "Hymns From the Rigveda" A.A. MacDonell
  20. Book, The Heritage of India Series, "Psalms of Maratha Saints" Nicol MacNicol
  21. Book, The Heritage of India Series, "Bengali Religious Lyrics, Sakta" Edward J, Thompson and Arthur Marshman Spencer

BOX 50

  1. Book, The Heritage of India Series, "Indian Painting" Percy Brown
  2. "The Stephanian", St. Stephen's College, Delhi, Annual, 1966-67, vol. LXXVII, no.3
  3. Reprint "Richard Temple and the Punjab Tenancy Act of 1868" G.R.G. Hambly
  4. Book, "A History of St. Catherine's College, Cambridge" by W.H.S. Jones
  5. Selwyn College Directory, Michaelmas, 1970
  6. The Charter and Statutes of Selwyn College, 1926
  7. South Asian Review, vol.6, no.3, April 1973
  8. Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland - Charter and Byelaws
  9. 'Charles XII, King of Sweden, 1697-1718' by Ragnhild Hatton
  10. 'The British General Strike, 1926' by Margaret Morris
  11. Book, The Eleventh Edition of "The Munshi", a Standard Hindustani Grammar
  12. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, September 1977 - "Ethnic Conflict in The World Today"
  13. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1980
  14. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1981

BOX 51

  1. Book "Grant's Oriental Heads, 1838 to 1850" - Sketches by Colesworthy Grant, 2 parts (a) & (b)
  2. Book "The Grand Trunk Road in the Punjab" K.M. Sarkar
  3. 'Modern Asian Studies', Vol.12, Part 3, July 1978
  4. 'Modern Asian Studies', Vol.14, Part 3, July 1980
  5. 'International Affairs'
    • Autumn 1980
    • Winter 1980-81
    • Autumn 1981
  6. 4 Copies of 'Pacific Affairs' Vol.XXXI, no.2, June 1958

BOX 52

  1. Folder, Teape Lecture Foundation Fund - Accounts, 1966
  2. Folder, Cambridge Mission to Delhi, Teape Fund, Accounts, 1959-63
  3. Folder, Cambridge Mission to Delhi, Teape Fund, Correspondence
  4. Folder, Cambridge Mission to Delhi, Teape Fund, Correspondence
  5. Folder containing:-
    • Miscellaneous letters
    • The text of a tape recording of Dr. Saeed Durrani and Mr. Agha Ghazanfar talking with Mr. Ian Stephens about his memories of years spent in South Asia
  6. Letters, and outline of Vol.1 of 'Urdu Literature and Indian Social Life' by Khwaja Ahmad Faruqi

BOX 53

  1. Spear correspondence with University of Oklahoma Press, together with two catalogues
  2. Copies of first proofs of many contributions by Spear to 'Encyclopaedia Britannica' under headings such as:-
    • Abu'l Fazl, Sheikh (1551-1602)
    • Bharatpur, State Of
    • Fort St. David
    • Fort William
    • The Forward Policy
    • Fort St. George (Madras)
    • Gandhi-Irwin Pact,The
    • Ghadr Movement, The
    • Gogunda, Battle of (Haldighat)
    • Government of India Acts
    • Gujrat, Battle of
    • Gurudwara Act, The
    • Habshi
    • etc.
  3. Folder, manuscripts of several contributions to 'Encyclopaedia Britannica'
  4. Folder, sample entries to 'Dictionary of World History'
  5. Folder, TS of 'History of India, Pakistan, Period 6: India and European Expansion c.1500-1858'

BOX 54

  1. Expanding file of Spear's research notes - 'Social Life, part XVIII' under headings which include:-
    • Legal Notes
    • Music
    • Nawab Walajah
    • Wills
    • Inventories
    • Children
    • Etymology
    • Goa
    • Punkahs
    • Mosquito Nets
    • Punch, Coffee, Tea and Betel
    • Elephants
    • etc.
  2. Expanding file of Spear's research notes - 'Social Life, part XIX' under headings which include:-
    • Voyage
    • Calcutta - General
    • Ice. Thermantidote. Hot Weather
    • Hills
    • Special Documents
    • etc.

BOX 55

  1. Three folders containing reports, correspondence etc. on several theses

BOX 56

  1. Fourth folder containing reports, correspondence etc. on several theses
  2. Memorandum of Agreement between The University of Michigan Press and Spear for "India"
  3. Folder of correspondence with Sir John Lawrence concerning his biography of Sir Henry Lawrence
  4. Folder of correspondence with the Institute of Race Relations
  5. Folder of correspondence to, from and about Gavin Hambly
  6. Folder of miscellaneous correspondence plus paper by Simon Digby 'Encounters with Jogis in Indian Sufi Hagiography' for seminar on aspects of religion in South Asia

BOX 57

  1. Folder of press cuttings, reviews, correspondence etc. of Spear's "India: A Modern History"
  2. Folder of miscellaneous correspondence plus folder containing a dissertation on the Cambridge to Delhi by John Harrison for pt.2 of the Theology Tripos
  3. Folder of correspondence, mainly to and from R.E. (Bob) Frykenberg at the University of Wisconsin - Madison and T.G.P. (Percy) Spear

BOX 58

  1. Folder containing correspondence etc. concerning Spear & Spear - "India Remembered" or "An Indian Garland", including some photographs and negatives.
  2. Folder containing dissertation by R.R. Jillani 'Rural Development and Local Government in Bangladesh (Study of the Union Parishad Leaders)'
  3. Folder containing 3 papers:-
    • 'Sayyid Ahmad Dehlavi and the Delhi Renaissance' by Gail Minault
    • 'Shahjahanabad - The Mughal Delhi 1638-c.1803' by Hamida Khatoon Naqvi
    • Foreign Embassies to Aurangzib's Court at Delhi 1661-1665' by G.Z. Refai
  4. Folder containing paper by Gavin R.G. Hambly 'Mallu Khan and Khizr Khan in the Twilight of Tughluqid Delhi: Competing Strategies for Survival in a Disintegrating Imperium, as Reflected in the Tarikh-i Mubarakshahi of Yahya ibu Ahmad Sihrindi'
  5. Folder containing 2 papers by Kenneth W. Jones:
    • 'Politicized Hinduism: The Ideology and Program of the Hindi Mahasabha'
    • 'The Arya Samaj in British India, 1875-1947'
  6. Correspondence concerning 'Echoes of the Ancient World - The Mughals'

BOX 59

  1. Folder containing:
    • 'Delhi - A Traveller's View, 14th to 20th century' by N.H. Kulkarnee
    • 'Cultural and Political Role of Delhi During the Last Quarter of the 17th and the First Quarter of the 18th century' by Satish Chandra
    • 'America and South Asia in the Aftermath of the Afghanistan Annexation: Some Misperceptions, Perceptions, and Policy Alternatives' by R.E. Frykenberg
    • 'The Foundation and Early History of Delhi University' [incomplete]
    • 'Capital of the Sultans - Delhi During the 13th and 14th centuries' by M. Athar Ali
  2. Folder containing correspondence etc. regarding Spear's trip to India in early 1965
  3. Folder of 'History of India, Pakistan, Period 6: India and European Expansion c.1500-1858' in both manuscript and typescript form

BOX 60

  1. Four folders of mainly personal correspondence

BOX 61

  1. Folder of I.O.L. copies of Holt MacKenzie correspondence in the H.H. Wilson Collection
  2. Expanding file containing correspondence, research notes, etc. on Holt MacKenzie, filed under heading which include:-
    • Australia
    • Cuthbertson(s)
    • Education
    • Family of Gorrie, Huddlestone, Henry MacKenzie
    • India House
    • Maitland Titterton, Sir F. Mudie, Holt MacKenzie (London)
    • National Library (Scotland), National Army Museum
    • Holt - Personal Details
    • Register House (Scotland)
    • Somerset House, Ian Stephens
    • Times Lit. Supp., Tate
    • Will

BOX 62

  1. Copy of typed article/lecture [author unknown] beginning "Religious thinking in India has taken three main directions. They are known as Jnana Marga, Bhakti Marga and Karma Marga. Marga means a way. The first one is the way of knowledge, the second of devotion and the third of works........"
  2. Folder containing correspondence re MAs in Area Studies, 1975
  3. Dissertation towards an MA in Area Studies, South Asia, A.R. Hudson, 1981, "Hindu Influence on Mughal Architecture"
  4. Notes on the setting up of The Centre of South Asian Studies
  5. Folder containing corrrespondence, book reviews, thesis reports etc. and 'The Cambridge Journal, vol.III no.7, April 1950' for the article "

BOX 63

  1. Folder containing correspondence with Mrs. Yazdani
  2. Folder containing correspondence re the centenary of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi
  3. Folder containing correspondence re the setting up of a Diocesan Women's College in New Delhi
  4. Folder of notes by the Rev. D. O'Connor, Chaplain of St.Stephen's College about Delhi, the University, the College, upheavals etc. and a note on the second draft of "an Order for The Lord's Supper"
  5. Folder containing references by Spear for many people to various posts

BOX 64

  1. More references by Spear, as above, plus miscellaneous correspondence
  2. 'The Indian Economic and Social History Review' book review by Simon Digby - 'Insha'-i-Mahru'
  3. 'Quarterly Review of Historical Studies, 1965-66', vol.V, nos. 1, 2, 3, 4.
  4. 'Quarterly Review of Historical Studies, 1966-67', vol.VI, nos. 1, 2, 3, 4.
  5. 'Quarterly Review of Historical Studies, 1967-68', vol.VII, nos. 2, 3, 4.
  6. 'The Indian Archives, 1959/60', vol.XIII
  7. 'Pacific Affairs, Dec.1954' , vol.XXVII, no.4
  8. 'Two Notes on the Agrarian Policy of Indian Nationalists, 1880-1905' by Bipan Chandra
  9. "Delhi' the quarterly paper of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi, 14 vols. from Jan 1957 to Advent 1967
  10. 'Delhi' Friends of Delhi Diocese News Letter, 4 vols. from Autumn 1974 to Spring 1977
  11. 'Delhi in 19xx' report of the Diocese of Delhi and of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi, 7 volumes from 1951 to 1963
  12. 'Stella Polaris' vol. XXI, no.6, Oct/Nov 1972
  13. 'Local Records - A Delhi experience and suggestion' by Spear

BOX 65

  1. 'The Historical Journal' vol. 14, 3, Sept.1971
  2. 'Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland' no.1, 1978
  3. 'Modern Asian Studies'; Oct. 1975, April 1978, Oct.1978
  4. 'The Calcutta Historical Journal'; Jan-June and July-Dec 1979, Jan-June and July-Dec 1980
  5. 'Social Work Programme, 1968', University of Peshawar
  6. Reprint - 'Sir George Oxinden and Bombay, 1662-1669' by G.Z. Refai
  7. 'The Journal of the English Literary Club', Session 1983-84
  8. 'La Civilisation Indienne et Nous', Louis Dumont
  9. 'Pacific Affairs', vol.49, no.1, Spring 1976

BOX 66

  1. Folder containing:-
    • Paper 'The Emergency, 1975', Spear
    • 'India Weekly', October 27, 1977
    • Paper 'The Place of the Mughals in Indian History'
    • 2 copies of 'War Memories in India 1939-45'
    • Paper 'India After Independence'
  2. Folder containing:-
    • Paper 'Evelyn Ashdown's Shipwreck, 1943'
    • 2 copies of 'The Early Days of Bishop's College, Calcutta'
    • 6 reprints of 'Hindu and Muslim India'
    • Reprint of 'The Mughals and the British'
    • Correspondence and copy of 'The End of the Mogols'
    • 'Chapter IX - The Indian Empire'
    • Paper 'Patterns of British Leadership in British India - Theme With Variations'(2 copies)
    • Manuscript , untitled, beginning "The study of the decline of empire may be regarded as an essay in morbid political pathology ........."
    • Reprint 'Lord Macartney in Batavia, March 1793'
  3. Folder containing 7 typed chapters of memoirs - part 2 (Margaret Spear's half) of "India Remembered" by Spear and Spear:
    -in SAS Lib. (54):8-94 S.
    Plus chapter 1 of same book, 'First Impressions' (Percival Spear's), and 2 copies of 'War Memories in India' [possibly an unused chapter by Margaret - very similar to Percival's chapter 6, 'The World War']
  4. Folder containing:
    • Preface to the Second Edition of "India, A Modern History"
    • corrected versions of chapters XL and XLI
    • 3 copies of 'The Legacy of India - The Mughals and the British'.

BOX 67

  1. Folder containing:-
    • 2 copies of a paper 'Mughal India'
    • paper 'The Place of the Mughals in India History'
    • transcript of 'Pakistan' for the BBC's "The World Today", broadcast 5th September, 1963
    • paper 'India, 1500-1525'
    • transcript of 'President Ayub Khan' for "Portraits of Our Time", 23rd August, 1964
    • WS Commentary: 'India/Pakistan Dispute', Spear, 3rd November 1965
    • transcript of 'Problems Facing India' for "The World Today", 8th March, 1966
    • transcript of 'The Soviet Union and Southern Asia' for "The World Today", 31st December, 1965
    • transcript of 'Pakistan Today' for "The World Today", 25th October, 1965
    • 2 copies of paper 'Holt Mackenzie - Forgotten Man of Bengal'
  2. Folder containing:-
    • parts of 2 SOAS Seminar papers
    • Soas seminar paper, 20.7.67
    • 3 copies of a paper 'A Third Force in India, 1920-47 - A Study in Political Analysis'
    • paper 'Nehru' [Pundit Jawarharlal]
  3. Note book containing early diary and notes
  4. 'Contributions to Indian Sociology - New Series', no.VI Dec.1972
  5. 'The Rise of Modern China', Victor Purcell
  6. Reprint 'Inayat Jang Collection - A Preliminary Survey' A.I. Tirmizi

BOX 68

  1. Expanding file containing research notes on various subjects under headings such as:-
    • Medicine
    • Bombay
    • Corruption
    • Late Calcutta and Madras
    • The Company
    • Food
    • Early Madras
    • Population
    • Surat
    • Smoking
    • Books

BOX 69

  1. Folder containing correspondence with and about Waheed Ahmad
  2. Folder containing correspondence and examiner's repots on A.C. Banerjee and P.K.Chattarji
  3. Folder containing correspondence with J. Roselli
  4. Folder containing letters to and from Ashoka Sen
  5. Folder containing a variety of letters and press cuttings
  6. Folder containing correspondence with Oxford University Press; 'H.U.L.: India, Pakistan and the West
  7. Folder containing correspondence with Willie Rajpal
  8. Folder containing correspondence about Choudhri Rahmat Ali

BOX 70

  1. Folder containing correspondence with I.H. Qureshi
  2. Folder containing report on 'The History of Christianity in India' by S.C. Neill and associated correspondence
  3. Folder containing miscellaneous letters, (several to and from K.B. Lall), personal references, thesis reports etc.
  4. Folder containing a paper 'Ghalib's Delhi', associated correspondence, and a paper by Ralph Russell - 'Ghalib, a Self Portrait'
  5. Folder containing letters, press cuttings etc. concerning the division of the India Office Library and of the return of its contents to India, Pakistan
  6. Folder containing correspondence concerning Ballhatchet - Cambridge reprints

BOX 71

  1. Folder containing correspondence with Ian Stephens
  2. Folder of miscellaneous press cuttings and letters
  3. Folder containing Articles of Association of The Cambridge Preservation Society and the 44th, 45/6th, 47th annual reports of same
  4. Folder containing:-
    • 2 copies of 'The British and The Indian State to 1830'
    • "Introduction"
    • Correspondence and additions/variations on the Indian State

BOX 72

  1. 3 folders of copies of correspondence, memoranda, etc. to and from Lord William Bentinck, 1832

BOX 73

  1. Expanding file of miscellaneous research notes, cuttings, correspondence etc. concerning W. Bentinck under headings such as:-
    • Mutual Opinions
    • Indianisation
    • Indian Culture
    • Ellenborough
    • Beef Eating Clubs
    • The Taj
    • Populations
    • Bishops College

BOX 74

  1. Expanding file of miscellaneous research notes, cuttings, correspondence etc. labelled 'W. B.[entinck] V' and 'India, 1818-35' under headings such as:-
    • British Capital in India
    • Agency Houses
    • Salt
    • Tea
    • Opium
    • Indigo
    • Cotton
    • Trade and Industry
    • Transit Duties
    • Capital
    • Economic History
  2. Expanding file of miscellaneous research notes, cuttings, correspondence etc. labelled 'W. B.[entinck] VIII' and 'PP, Admin' under headings such as:-
    • Parliament Proceedings
    • Parliamentary Papers
    • P.P. evidence
    • Civil Servants
    • East India Co.
    • Finance
    • Economies
    • Army
    • Batta
    • Post and Roads
    • Ecclesiastical

Correspondence file:

  • Two letters from Miss T. Frost, dated 16 June and 18 June 1950, in reply to a letter from Dr Spear of 5 June 1950. Dr Spear's letter has not been traced. Miss Frost's letters followed an earlier correspondence which has not been traced but appeared to relate to remarks made in Dr Spear's book India, Pakistan, and the West. (London, Oxford University Press, 1949.)
  • In her letter of 16 June, Miss Frost argued that while she felt the British should not be ungrateful to Sir Syed Ahmad Khan for his activities before and after 1857, what he did was '"quislingism" to Islam in India'. She continued by offering an assessment of pre-independence Islamic movements in India and the respective contributions of Chaudhuri Rahmat Ali and Mahomed Ali Jinnah.
  • In her letter of 18 June, Miss Frost reproduced a passage from a speech by John Bright in a debate on India in the summer of 1858. Bright argued for the creation of at least five Presidencies in India each having no connection with any other part of India. 6ff.
  • Photocopy of a letter from Mr Rahmat Ali to a Mr Smith dated 4 November 1936 and giving the address of Madame Halide Edib Hanum. 1f

Books presented:

  • The People of India, a series of photographic illustrations - edited by J. Forbes-Watson and John William Kaye, 2 vols. London, India Museum, 1968. (Archives:- H1, H2)
  • An Account of the War in India between the English and French on the Coast of Coromandel, 1750-1760. By Richard Owen Cambridge Esq. Dublin 1761. (Archives:- SPE1)
  • A Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Description of Hindoostan, and the Adjacent Countries. Vols I & II. By Walter Hamilton, Esq. London 1820. (Archives:- SPE2)
  • A Narrative of the Political and Military Transactions of India Under the Administration of the Marquess of Hastings 1813-1818. By Henry T. Prinsep. London 1820. (Archives:- SPE3)
  • Lithographic Sketches of the Public Characters of Calcutta. By Colesworthy Grant 1838-1850. Calcutta 1851. [annotated and with inserts of (a) list of sketches by C. Grant with publication journals and dates, (b) cuttings from the Sunday Statesman, Sept 2nd and 9th, 1934, (c) biographical details of the artist and others]. (Archives:- SPE4)
  • Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan. (Popular edition). By Lt. Col. James Tod. Calcutta Vol 1, 1829; Vol 2, part 1 (Desert States) and part 2, 1884. (Archives:- SPE5)
  • A History of the Military Transactions of the British Nation in Indostan, from the year 1745. By Robert Orme. Vol I (4th ed.) London 1803/Madras 1861; Vol II (New ed.) London 1803/ Madras 1861; Vol III [36] Maps and Plans, Madras 1862. (Archives:- SPE6)
  • Historical Sketches of the South of India - History of Mysoor [up to 1799]. By Lt. Col. Mark Wilks. Vol I, London 1810; vols II and III, London 1817. (Archives:- SPE7)
  • A History of the Mahrattas. By James Grant Duff. 3 vols. London 1826. (Archives:- SPE8)
  • The Panjab Chiefs. Historical and Biographical Notices of the Principal Families in the Territories under the Panjab Government. By Lepel H. Griffin. Lahore 1865. (Archives:- SPE9)
  • A Translation of the Seir Mutaqherin - History of India, 1118-1194 (Hidjrah) [i.e. 1781-1782 A.D.]. Written in Persian by Seid-Gholam-Hossein-Khan. 3 vols. Calcutta 1789. (Archives:- SPE10)
  • The Oriental Annual or Scenes in India; Comprising Twenty-Five Engravings from Original Drawings by William Daniell and a Descriptive Account by The Rev. Hobart Caunter. 3 vols. London 1834, '35, '36. (Archives:- SPE11)
  • Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official. By Lt. Col. W.H. Sleeman. 2 vols. London 1844. (Archives:- SPE12)
  • Curry & Rice (on Forty Plates) or The Ingredients of Social Life at "Our" Station in India. 4th ed. By Captain Geo. F. Atkinson. London 1911. (Archives:- SPE13)
  • Hobson-Jobson  -  A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases etc. By Col. Henry Yule and A.C.Burnell. New [2nd] ed. edited by William Crooke. London 1903. (Archives:- SPE14)
  • First Impressions and Studies from Nature in Hindostan 1831-1836. By Lt. Thomas Bacon. 2 vols. London 1837. (Archives:- SPE15)
  • A Memoir of Central India Including Malwa. By Maj. Gen. Sir John Malcolm. 3rd ed. 2 vols. London 1832. (Archives:- SPE16)
  • Notes on Indian Affairs. By the Hon. Frederick John Shore, Judge of Furrukhabad. 2 vols. London 1837. (Archives:- SPE17)
  • A Glossary of Judicial and Revenue Terms of India. (Arabic, Persian, Hindustani, Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali, Uriya, Marathi, Gazurathi,Telugu, Karnata, Tamil, Malayalam, and other languages). By H.H. Wilson, East India Company. London 1840. (Archives:- SPE18)
  • The History of Hindostan. Translated from the Persian of Mahummud Casim Ferishta of Delhi, by Alexander Dow. 2 vols. London 1748. (Archives:- SPE19)
  • A Journey from Madras through the countries of Mysore, Canara and Malabar. By Francis Buchanan. 3 vols. London 1807. (Archives:- SPE20)
  • The Acin-i Akbari. By Shaykh Abu l-Fazl, translated by H. Blochmann. 2nd ed. edited by Lt. Col. D.C. Phillott. 3 vols. Calcutta 1927. (Archives:- SPE21)
  • The History of the Reign of Shah-Aulum. By W. Francklin. London 1798. (Archives:- SPE22)
  • Vestiges of Old Madras, 1640-1680. (Indian Records Series). By Henry Davison Love. 4 vols. London 1913. (Archives:- SPE23)
  • The Cambridge History of India. (Archives:- SPE24)
    • Vol I. Ancient India. Edited by E.J. Rapson. Cambridge 1922.
    • Vol III. Turks and Afghans. Edited by Lt. Col. Sir Wolseley Haig. Cambridge 1928.
    • Vol IV. The Mughul Period. Edited by Sir Richard Burn. Cambridge 1937.
    • Vol V. British India 1497-1858. Edited by H.H. Dodwell. Cambridge 1929.
    • Vol VI. The Indian Empire 1858-1918. Edited by H.H. Dodwell. Cambridge 1932.
    • Vol VI. The Indian Empire 1858-1918. Edited by H.H. Dodwell, With Additional Chapters on the Last Phase 1919-1947 by R.R. Sethi. India 1958
  • Patna Painting. By Mildred Archer. 2nd ed. London 1948. (Archives:- SPE25)
  • Indian Album. By Cecil Beaton. London 1945-6. (Archives:- SPE26)
  • Natural History Drawings in the India Office Library. By Mildred Archer. London 1962. (Archives:- SPE27)
  • Shiva's Pigeons, an Experience of India. By Jon and Rumar Godden with photographs by Stella Snead. London 1972. (Archives:- SPE28)
  • Early Islam. By Desmond Stewart and the editors of Time-Life Books. New York 1967. (Archives:- SPE29)
  • Indian Painting in the Punjab Hills. Essays by W.G. Archer. (V&A Museum Monograph No.3). HMSO London 1952. (Archives:- SPE30)
  • Historic India. By Lucille Schulberg and the editors of Time-Life Books. New York 1968. (Archives:- SPE31)
  • Delhi, Agra and Fatehpur Sikri, Cities of Mughul India. By Gavin Hambly with photographs by Wim Swaan. London 1968. (Archives:- SPE32)
  • Company Drawings in the India Office Library. By Mildred Archer. HMSO London 1972. (Archives:- SPE33)
  • Indian Painting for the British 1770-1880. An Essay by Mildred and W.G. Archer. Oxford 1955. (Archives:- SPE34)
  • Indian Summer - Lutyens, Baker, and Ipmerial Delhi. By Robert Grant Irving. London 1981.(Archives:- SPE35)
  • Indian Painting Under The Mughals, AD 1550 to AD 1750. By Percy Brown. Oxford 1924. (Archives:- SPE36)
  • East Indian Fortunes - The British in Bengal in the Eighteenth Century. By P.J. Marshall. Oxford 1976. (Archives:- SPE37)
  • The Central Administration of the East India Company 1773-1834. By B.B. Misra. Bombay 1959. (Archives:- SPE38)
  • The Life and Correspondence of Major-General Sir John Malcolm. By John William Kaye. 2 vols. London 1856. (Archives:- SPE39)
  • A History of the Sikhs (from the Origin of the Nation to the Battles of the Sutlej). By Joseph Davey Cunningham. London 1849. [With loose map of the Punjab, 1845, inside front cover]. (Archives:- SPE40)
  • Major-General Sir Thomas Munro, Governor of Madras - Selection from his minutes and other official writings.2 vols. Edited by Sir Alexander J. Arbuthnot. London 1881.(Archives:- SPE41)
  • A History of the Indian Mutiny. By T.R.E. Holmes. London 1883. (Archives:- SPE42)
  • British Rule in India; A Historical Sketch. By Harriet Martineau. London 1857. (Archives:-SPE43)
  • Islam in India or the Qanun-i-Islam; The Customs of the Musalmans of India. By Ja'far Sharif, translated by G.A. Herklots. New edition revised by William Crooke. Oxford 1921.(Archives:- SPE44)
  • The Legacy of Islam. Edited by Sir Thomas Arnold and Alfred Guillaume. Oxford 1931. (Archives:- SPE45)
  • Ras Mala: Hindoo Annals of the Province of Goozerat in Western India. By Alexander Kinloch Forbes, edited by H.G. Rawlinson. 2 vols. Oxford 1924. (Archives:- SPE46)
  • Hindu Manners Customs and Ceremonies. By Abbe J.A. Dubois, translated by Henry K. Beauchamp. 3rd ed. Oxford 1906. (Archives:- SPE47)
  • The Private Life Of an Eastern King. By S.B. Smith.Oxford 1921. (Archives:- SPE48)
  • Observations of the Mussulmanns of India. By Mrs. Mear Hassan Ali. 2nd ed. edited by W. Crooke. Oxford 1917. (Archives:- SPE49)
  • The Embassy of Sir Thomas Roe To India 1615-19 (as narrated in his journal and correspondence). New and revised ed. edited by Sir William Foster. Oxford 1926. (Archives:- SPE50)
  • Kaye's and Malleson's History of the Indian Mutiny of 1857-8. Edited by Colonel Malleson. Vols I & II by Sir John Kaye; vols III-VI by Colonel Malleson. London 1897. (Archives:- SPE51)
  • Twenty-One Days in India (or the tour of Sir Ali Baba). By George R. Aberigh-Mackay. 8th ed. London 1910. (Archives:- SPE52)
  • Travels in the Mogul Empire AD 1656-1668. By Francois Bernier, translated by Archibald Constable. 2nd ed. revised by Vincent A. Smith. Oxford 1934. (Archives:- SPE53)
  • Men and Rivers. By Humayun Kabir. London 1947. (Archives:- SPE54)
  • History of Aurangzib. By Jadunath Sarkar. (Archives:- SPE55)
    • Vol IV. Southern India 1645-1689. Calcutta 1919.
    • Vol V. The Closing Years 1689-1707. Calcutta 1924.
  • Speeches and Documents on the British Dominions 1918-1931. Edited by Arthur Berriedale Keith. Oxford 1932. (Archives:- SPE56)
  • Speeches and Documents on Indian Policy 1750-1921.Edited by Prof. A. Berriedale Keith. 2 vols. Oxford 1922/23. (Archives:- SPE57)
  • Despatches and General Orders Announcing the Victories Achieved by the Army of the Sutlej Over the Sikh Army 1845/46. London 1846. (Archives:- SPE58)
  • Cabool: Being a Personal Narrative of a Journey to, and Residence in That City 1836-8. By Lt. Col. Sir Alexander Burnes. London 1842. (Archives:- SPE59)
  • Life of the Honourable Mountstuart Elphinstone. By Sir T.E. Colebrooke. 2 vols. London 1884. (Archives:- SPE60)
  • Selections from Revenue Records, North-West Provinces - Allahabad 1873. (Archives:- SPE61)
  • At Ajanta. By Kanaiyalal H. Vakil. Bombay 1929. (Archives:- SPE62)
  • The Life of the Marquis Dalhousie. By Sir William Lee-Warner. 2 vols. London 1904. (Archives:- SPE63)
  • Simla, Past and Present. By Edward J. Buck. Calcutta 1904. (Archives:- SPE64)
  • Two Native Narratives of the Mutiny in Delhi. Translated by Charles Theophilus Metcalfe. London 1898. (Archives:- SPE65)
  • Railway Policy in India. By Horace Bell. London 1894. (Archives:- SPE66)
  • Hartly House, Calcutta.. A Novel of the Days of Warren Hastings. Reprinted from the edition of 1789 with notes by John MacFarlane. Calcutta 1908. (Archives:- SPE67)
  • Life of Lord Lawrence. By R. Bosworth Smith. 2 vols. London 1883. (Archives:- Vol. I at SPE74, Vol. II at SPE68)
  • A History of St. Stephen's College, Delhi. Compiled for the Cambridge Mission, 1931, by F.F. Monk. Calcutta !935. (Archives:- SPE69)
  • A Life of the Earl of Mayo, Fourth Viceroy of India. By W.W. Hunter. 2nd ed. 2 vols. London 1876. (Archives:- SPE70)
  • The History of British India. (In 10 vols). By James Mill. 5th ed. with notes and continuation by Horace Hayman Wilson. Vols I to VI. London 1858. (Archives:- SPE71)
  • Modern India: A Sketch of the System of Civil Government. By George Campbell. 2nd ed., revised and corrected. London 1853. (Archive:- SPE72)
  • Comparative Tables of Muhammadan and Christian Dates. Compiled by Lt. Col. Sir Wolseley Haig. London 1932. (Archives:- SPE73)
  • The History of British India from 1805 to 1835. By Horace Hayman Wilson. In 3 vols., [they being vols. VII, VIII, and vols. IX and X combined, of the 10 vols. noted in Archive SPE71, above]. London 1858. (Archives:- SPE75)
  • India Under Ripon, A Private Diary. By Wilfrid Scawen Blunt. London 1909. (Archives:- SPE76)
  • Report of the Commission on Christian Higher Education in India. Oxford 1931. (Archives:- SPE77)
  • The Development of Capitalistic Enterprise in India. By Daniel Houstan Buchanan. New York 1934. (Archives:- SPE78)
  • India, Minto and Morley, 1905-1910. By Mary, Countess of Minto. London 1934. (Archives:- SPE79)
  • Selections from the Letters, Despatches and Other State Papers Preserved in the Military Department of the Government of India 1857-58. Vol. I. Edited by George W. Forrest. Calcutta 1893. (Archives:- SPE80)
  • The Eldest Brother: The Marquess Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington's Eldest Brother. By Iris Butler. London 1973. (Archives:- SPE81)


Papers of Lionel Bruce Spilsbury, I.S.E.

Given by Mrs. Meyer-Spilsbury 1971

U.P., Rajputana, 1912-1954

43 volumes of diaries from 1912-1954 while in the United Provinces and Rajputana. Entirely personal with little or no information about India.

  • Box 1: 1912 - 1937 (plus notebook "books for library list")

  • Box 2: 1938 - 1946

  • Box 3: 1947 - 1954


Given by Major J. Sprot of Riddell

Rajputana, Gwalior: 1858, 1906

  1. Printed pamphlet: My Indian Experiences, by Lt. General J. Sprot of Riddell. Selkirk, 1906.
    • Chapter 1: The cause of the Indian Mutiny. March to Neemuch to raise the siege. Description of Neemuch. Punishments to native rebels.
    • Chapter 2: Siege of Kotah. Marches to Kherwara, stays as guest of Rajah of Udaipur on the way. Description of organising marches (800 miles per month). Attacked by Bheels. Rescued. Marches successfully to Deesa through mutinous country. Continues to Nusserbad to take up post of Executive Engineer in P.W.D. Travels by Camel (40 miles per day) taking 8 days. Arrives Nusserbad, takes over as Executive Engineer of the Rajputana Field Force with charge of the Rajputana States. Description of duties.
    • Chapter 3: Brief biographical note on life up to the time of the Mutiny.
  2. Pamphlet: The Family History of the Sprots of Riddell. (By permission of the author, reprinted from Annals of a Border Club, by George Tancred of Weems). Selkirk, 1899. (14pp.)

(Small Collections Box 21)


Given by Mr. Gavin Stamp

Indian Summer - Illustrated article by Gavin Stamp, reprinted from the Architectural Review, June 1976. A discussion of the work of two British architects in India, namely, H.A.N. Medd and A.G. Shoosmith. 8pp.

(Small Collections Box 22)


Given by Lt. Col. J.K. Stanford, O.B.E., M.C.

Photographic album of the Vernay-Cutting expedition and other shots of Burma. Many of the photographs are of the Kachins and the Kachin hills; taken 1936/39; also photographs of the Simla Frontier meeting. (155 in album in box A120, 10 in box 39)

Books presented:-

  • Stanford, J.K. Far ridges; a record of travel in North-Eastern Burma 1938-9. London, 1944. (Vernay-Cutting expedition.) (Archives: STA1)
  • Stanford, J.K. Reverie of a Qu'hai and other stories. Edinburgh and London, 1951. (Archives: STA2)


Given by Lt. Col. H.S. Stansfeld

Papers of Henry Hamer Stansfeld, Ensign H.E.I.C.S. 13 December 1856; Lieutenant 19 November 1857, attached to the 10th Foot.

  1. Xerox copy of diary: 23 December 1857 - 17 March 1858. Not much apart from troop movements and skirmishes, and analysis, at the end, of the distances marched between the various destinations.
  2. Xerox copy of journal 15 October 1862 - 28 January 1864. Voyage to Calcutta (86 days); journey from Calcutta to Sialkot, and then to Rawalpindi. Addenda - list of property in large wooden case 28 October 1864 and a receipt [recipe] for Milk Punch and Athole Brose.
  3. Lecture notes by Captain C. Stansfeld: early history of Nepal (very sketchy); The Nepal Durbar - Nepal Government (very sketchy); some duties of the R.S.O. and Gurkha recruiting.

File 1

Lectures given at Staff College, Quetta, 1912:

  1. 'The Origin of the Kingdom of Nepal and its inhabitants, together with a summary of its War Forces and Materiel'
  2. Nepal, Gurkhas and Gurkha recruiting.
  3. Newspaper cutting The Pioneer 26 November 1906 with article 'Lord Kitchener on Nepal'.
  4. Blue print of rough map showing the approximate position of the H.Q. stations of the Tehsils in Nepal. Scale 1 inch to 32 miles, n.d.
  5. Map of Nepal, scale, 1inch : 32 miles, showing its Frontier, its Divisions, and the Tehsil divisions. Staff College, Quetta, 1912.
  6. 'Map of the Dominions of the House of Gorkha', -engraved by W.& D. Lizare, Edinburgh- scale, 1inch : 34 English miles, n.d.
  7. Notes on N.E. Frontier. 1907. 27 pp. plus 1 p.

File 2

  1. 'The road to Rima; a short general report', by Major C. Stansfeld (1/8th Gurkha Rifles) with a detailed road report, by Lt. H.R. Harington (1/8th Gurkha Rifles). Shillong, 31 March 1914.
  2. Inspection of Swat and Dir armies. TS. 4 pp. n.d.

See Also:- Microfilm Box No.41:-

TS copies of letters written home 23 November 1856 - 5 November 1858.

Very vivid and full accounts of his own part, and news and comments on the conduct of the mutiny as a whole. From his voyage out on the S.S. Colombo and S.S. Bentinck. Fort William, Dinapore, Analy, Lucknow etc.


Given by Mr. D.W. Stanton-Ife, I.C.S.

Bihar and Orissa 1938-1947, E. Pakistan 1947-1957

  1. Autobiographical note. MS 11pp and curriculum vitae. Comments on the British Government politics and economics during his period in Bihar and Orissa. 1938-1947. After 1947 he stayed on in the Civil Service of Pakistan until 1957.
  2. 22 Judgements of D.W.S. Ife made when Sub-Divisional Magistrate at Aurangabad (Gaya District) in 1941/42.
  3. Intelligence Summaries for period of 24 hours, 27 August - 8 September 1942, relating to Congress activities in the Shahabad District, Bihar and Orissa.
  4. 24 Judgements of D.W.S. Ife, Sub-Divisional Magistrate Dinapore. (Patna District, Bihar) and Appellate Judgements of Superior Courts pertaining to these. 1942-1944.
  5. 13 Judgements of D.W.S. Ife between February and October 1944 in the Palamu District, Bihar.
  6. Letter from D.W.S. Ife to the Commissioner Chota Nagpur Division, Ranchi, about a petition for the renewal of Certificate of Approval (for mining).
  7. 42nd fortnightly (and last) confidential report to the Commissioner Chota Nagpur Division of Bihar, Mr. R.F. Swanzy by D.W.S. Ife. n.d.
  8. Copy of a report on a frivolous cricket match in Aurangabad on 1 February 1942 between the Ladies and the Gentlemen.


(O.H.B. Starte, C.B.E., I.C.S.)

Given by Mr. D. Starte:

  1. Report on the Criminal Tribes Act in the Bombay Presidency (including Sind) for the year 1918. Bombay, Government Central Press, 1919. 22 pp.

    Report on the working of the Criminal Tribes Act in the Bombay Presidency Part II for the year 1921. Bombay, Government Central Press, 1922. 14 pp.
    [Both reports bound together].

  2. Report from O. H. B. Starte to the Secretary to Government on measures for the prevention of professional beggary in the city of Bombay. Bombay, Central Government Press, December 1925. 39 pp.
  3. Reformation of offenders in India; a handbook for the use of workers amongst delinquents in India. By O.H.B. Starte. Bombay, Central Government Press, 1933. 93 pp.
  4. A manual of the Criminal Tribes Settlement Department, Bombay Presidency. Bombay, Central Government Press, 1933. 163 pp.
  5. Report on the Criminal Tribes Act Enquiry Committee, 1939. Bombay, Central Government Press, 1939.
  6. Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the care of destitute children and young offenders, 1933. Part I. Bombay, Central Government Press, 1933.
  7. 'Report of the Depressed Classes and Aboriginal Tribes Committee, Bombay Presidency.' Typescript, bound. (Chairman: Mr. O.H.B. Starte) 1930.


Mrs Margaret Stavridi was with her husband (Alexander Gregory Stavridi) in India where he worked as an engineer with the East Indian Railway between 1921 and 1948. She was a writer and designer and was also much involved with welfare work, especially during the 1939-45 war.

Material given by Mrs Stavridi.


  1. Typescript copies of four articles describing the work of BESA (Bengal Entertainment for the Services Association) both in Calcutta and in "the field". Mrs Stavridi was also involved with running canteens for troops, organising visitors for the severely wounded in hospitals and launching the Hospital Welfare Service. She describes civilian life in Bengal 1939-48 with its natural disasters of cyclones, floods and famine.:-
    • Regarding government service during British rule in India. 2ff.
    • India 1939-1948: Bengal, Calcutta. 8ff.
    • The civilian war effort in Bengal, India 1939-1946. (For the "Forgotten Army"). 10ff.
    • The civilian war effort in Bengal for the welfare of the "Forgotten Army" of the East, 1942-1946. 8ff.
  2. Six letters, written after the Stavridis returned to England, from their former servants 1948-69.
  3. From a folder entitled: 'The work of civilians in Calcutta and Bengal in the 1939-45 War' containing:-
    • Schicklgrüber by Robert Colling-Pyper and Margaret Stavridi with an introduction by Lady Linlithgow. (Calcutta: Thacker's Press and Directories, 1943.) The volume, which contains many coloured illustrations, is a parody of the German work Struwelpeter, and is subtitled 'cautionary tales for modern times'. It treats cynically the various conquests of Hitler and Mussolini. The folder includes letters from the British Red Cross Museum and Archives written in 1992 and 1993 and relating to Schicklgrüber.
    • Annual reports, letters etc. concerning the Bengal Home Industries Association. 1946-48.
    • Miscellaneous designs, letters and newspaper cuttings. 8 Photographs. 1934-65.
    • Programmes, newspaper reviews, designs etc of BESA-ENSA productions. Calcutta, 1940-46.
      Includes items on the following productions:-
      • 'For Poland': Karel Capek's Insect Play, 1940;
      • 'Arms and Legs', 1941;
      • Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, 1946.
  4. Typescript of text of "Eve-an' Now": an intimate review of fashion. By Robert Colling-Pyper. 1942. 37pp.
  5. A trip through the land of sunshine and surprise over the E.I.R. [East Indian Railway.] 37pp, illustrated.
  6. 1934: The Statesman record of the great Indian earthquake. Calcutta. 44pp, illustrated.
  7. "Hand outs" for press tour over East Indian Railway, October 1944: Howrah Station and environments. Calcutta: East Indian Railway Press, 1944. 6pp.
  8. Costume and set designs for a review entitled "Rise and Smile". 14 ff., plus 3ff containing 12 photos of the review "Arms and Legs" {now in photos box L15}

See Also:

6 albums of photographs, in boxes A121, A122, plus 9 loose photos in box 39, plus 1 photo of "the boilerhouse chimney", repaired using bamboo scaffolding after the Jamalpur earthquake, 1934.

5 envelopes of negatives.

Ciné films: See Films Archive.

Book presented:

"Curry & rice", on forty plates, or, the ingredients of social life at "our station" in India. By George Franklin Atkinson. 3rd ed., London: Day & Son, [1860]. (Archive MISC.159).


Given by Colonel E.A. Stead

Pamphlet (TS lithography): The Harriss family of Earlswood, St. Margaret's Westminster, and Clapham, Surrey:-

A genealogical account of the Harriss family together with extracts from letters from India. 59pp.

(Small Collections Box 22)


Papers bequeathed by Ian Melville Stephens C.I.E.: Deputy Director, Bureau of Public Information, Government of India 1930-32; Director 1932-37; Assistant Editor, Statesman of Calcutta 1937; Editor 1942-51; Fellow, King's College, Cambridge 1952-58; Historian, Pakistan Government 1957-60.

See pamphlet in the Glasfurd Papers (in the CSAS): The Glasfurd Family 1550-1972, by Alec Glasfurd. Privately printed, Edinburgh, (1972). 24pp + 2 folded sheets of genealogy showing Stephens' ancestry.


  1. TS copies of obituary notices of Colonel A.I.R. Glasfurd, 1870-1942 from The Times, 2 April 1942; The Sunday Statesman, Calcutta, Sunday 14 June 1942 - letter to the Editor; The Statesman, Wednesday 24 June 1942 - letter to the Editor.
  2. TS copy of biography of Colonel A.I.R. Glasfurd.
  3. TS copy of note on Brigadier-General Duncan John Glasfurd, 1873-1916.
  4. TS copy of note on Duncan Glasfurd of Tillicoultry, 1769-1816.
  5. (a) Xerox copy of Garrison Order at Agra Fort, 1 July 1857
    (b) Agra Fort directory according to the census taken on 27 July 1857.
  6. TS copy of extracts of a memoir about Major General John Glasfurd 1810-1864.
  7. TS copy of account of Frederick William Glasfurd 1843-67.
  8. TS copy of account of Major General Charles Lamont Robertson Glasfurd 1831-87.
  9. Xerox copy of the issue of The Statesman, 10 September 1946, called 'The great Calcutta killing'. (56 pp.)
  10. Two Xerox copies of unique surviving copy of The Statesman, called 'Maladministration in Bengal' - a compilation of editorials, illustrations and correspondence which appeared in The Statesman between March and October, during the development of the Bengal crisis of 1943. They deal with the confusion in the affairs of the Empire's 'Second City', the tightening grip of famine throughout Bengal, and the Central Goverment's food policy. Subsidiary subjects such as the Ministerial crisis of March/April, Calcutta's housing and beggar problems and defective sanitation are also touched upon. The editorials selected conclude with one dated 31 October, commenting on the new Viceroy's visit to Bengal a few days earlier ....
  11. TS duplicated note on talk in Cambridge, November 1965, about experiences by Edward Littelton and Virginia Forbes in Kashmii during the previous August, 19 pp.
  12. Xerox copy of letter from Mahatma Gandhi to I.M. Stephens, written on 6 February 1941 about the moral worth of non-violent action.
  13. Duplicated TS text of a lecture entitles 'Pakistan' but in fact dealing mainly with the circumstances of the 1947 Partition, prepared for delivery on 24 February 1969 for the Centre for South Asian Studies, as part of the course of lectures put forward by the Centre, in the Lent Term. The lecture was by Ian Stephens.
  14. Duplicated TS by Ian Stephens: 'A curiosity: long life among British writers who lived in India.'

    copyright 47 pp.

  15. TS report by Norman Devine, staff reporter and war correspondent of The Statesman, of a press conference 9 April 1943, given by Lt. Gen. N.M. Irwin, Commander Eastern Army, amidst a controversy about the Arakan Campaign described on pp. 112-121 of 'Monsoon morning' by I.M. Stephens. 3 pp.
  16. TS draft note by Stephens, of a board meeting of The Statesman held on 9 December 1942 to discuss the Editor's proposition that The Statesman's future should be to some extent controlled by a Trust.
  17. Copy of a letter-26 May 1971 from Stephens to Lord Glendevon about inaccuracies affecting The Statesman in his book 'The Viceroy at Bay.'
  18. TS copy of a few general comments (by Stephens) on Lord Glendevon's book The Viceroy at Bay hastily dictated after just having finished a first reading of it.
  19. Copy of a letter from I.M. Stephens to his brother about his remembrances of their great-uncle Alec Stephens who championed the interests of imported Tamil tea-garden labourers in Ceylon, and was expelled from the island for so doing. 11 October, 1972. Copy of part of a letter from Mr. Kenneth Morford to Mr. Stephens with his version. 3pp.
  20. Confidential letter and note about the Shahed correspondence, April - June 1972. 3pp.
  21. Xerox copy of obituary notice of Benegal Rama Rau written by Ian Stephens taken from the Annual Report of King's College, Cambridge, November 1971, pp. 46-48.
  22. Text of a tape recording of Dr. Saeed Durrani and Mr. Agha Ghazanfar talking with Ian Stephens about his memories of years spent in South Asia. (Edited by Stephens, the subject matter is his ancestry and early years before going out to India and before he was editor of 'The Statesman', then his return to Pakistan, 1975/6, his meeting with Mr. Bhutto, attendance at the first day of his trial, and subsequent meeting with General Zia).


The India, Pakistan and Burma Association's strictly private and confidential reports:-

  • India. 1961 (January and February missing);
  • India. 1962 (complete);
  • India. 1963 (complete);
  • India. 1964 (complete);
  • India. 1965 (complete);
  • India. 1966 (complete plus a special report dated 15 December;
  • India. 1967 (complete plus extracts from an address given by Sir Ridgeby Foster on 30 March.)


The India, Pakistan and Burma Association's strictly private and confidential reports:-

  • India. 1968 (August missing [?][two different issues marked 'September']); special report on India by Sir Ridgeby Foster, 4th January; notes by Sir Percival Griffiths 29 February and 8 March 1968; President's speech made at the Annual General Meeting of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce on 25 April 1968; report of visit to India by Sir Ridgeby Foster in November and December 1968);
  • India. 1969 (December missing; plus India's draft Fourth Five-Year Plan; report by Sir Ridgeby Foster on his visit to India in November and December 1969).


The India, Pakistan and Burma Association's strictly private and confidential reports:-

  • Pakistan. 1960 (January and February missing);
  • Pakistan. 1961 (June missing);
  • Pakistan. 1962-63 (May 1962 missing; plus Budget Reviews, June '62, June '63; excerpts from Finance Act '63; circular on wealth and gift tax Acts);
  • Pakistan. 1964-65 (complete plus Budget Reviews);
  • Pakistan. 1966 (complete plus Budget Review);
  • Pakistan. 1967 (January and September missing; plus Budget Review).


The India, Pakistan and Burma Association's strictly private and confidential reports:-

  • Pakistan. 1968 (complete plus Budget Review, June '68);
  • Pakistan. 1969 (November and December missing; plus Budget Review, July '69; list of Ministers and senior officials of the Government of Pakistan; effect of taxation for 1969-70).
  • E.I.U. Quarterly Economic Review, Pakistan and Afghanistan, No.4, '68.
  • Address read at the annual dinner of the I.C.S. Association on 30th October, 1979. 3pp.
  • Correspondence between Professor L.F. Rushbrook Williams and Ian Stephens between March 1977 and 1 September !978, and also with Mrs. Rushbrook Williams until 22 November (includes cutting of the Times obituary for L.F. Rushbrook Williams). 91 pp.
  • TS memoir, illustrated, A Great-Aunt Gives Thanks: memories by Sister Theodora C.S.D. Dorothy de Laval Willis, 1891 - 1977. The memoir of an Anglican missionary (from the women's order of the community of St. Denys) who worked in India and Africa. 102pp.


  • 6 books and magazines in Urdu, including two editions of SAQAFAT quarterly Pakistan National Council of the Arts Islamabad, and Mah-e-Nau (Nov-Dec 1976) [overwritten in Stephens' hand "Special Issue, Quaid-i-Azam"]
  • The Statesman, Delhi Edition. 20 January 1931. (Printed as a supplement, in January 1981, in celebration of 50 years of 'The Statesman in Delhi')
  • Manuscript draft of book "Back East" by I.M. Stephens, pp.189.

BOXES 7 -10

Correspondence relating to the Mount Vernon (Ceylon) Tea Company. From Kenneth Morford, manager; I.M.S.'s brother, Keith; his cousins John and Dick Barclay; and others. Morford's letters give insight into the affairs in Ceylon that particularly affected companies.

  • Box 7 - 16 August 1945 - 3 June 1954. 576pp.
  • Box 8 - June 11, 1954 - March 2, 1955. 433pp.
  • Box 9 - February 24, 1955 - December 11, 1955. 536pp.
  • Box 10 - January 5, 1956 - December 1956. 473pp.

BOX 11

Correspondence, newspaper articles, books relating to the International Conference on Quaid-i-Azam held in Islamabad in December 1976.

  1. Newspaper cutting: The Times March 31, 1977 entitled 'Mr. Bhutto announces his new Cabinet as rioting continues'.
  2. Several newspaper cuttings from The Pakistan Times dated December 25, 29, 30, 31, 1976 all reporting on the International Congress on Quaid-i-Azam held in Islamabad.
  3. Copy of a speech, given at the above Conference.
  4. Newspaper cuttings from The Pakistan Times dated December 14, 17, and 19, 1976 all relating to above Conference, pp.13.
  5. Envelope containing newspapers and cuttings, The Pakistan Times, December/January 1976-77.
  6. Correspondence between I.M.S. and Dr. A.H. Dani, Secretary General to the International Congress on Quaid-i-Azam. The invitation to I.M.S. to give a paper, copy of I.M.S.'s paper and letters concerning arrangements. Also two letters from Prof. L.F. Rushbrook-Williams on his own paper and explaining his inability to attend the Congress for health reasons, pp.49.
  7. Envelope containing 11 invitations to I.M.S. for various events and dinners during the Congress. A collection of 11 Pakistan Stamps; 2 folders containing photocopies of documents and photographs from the Quaid-i-Azam Collections for the Congress in Islamabad published by the National Archives of Pakistan.
  8. Envelope containing:-
    1. Speech given at the Congress by Malik Ghulam Nabi, Minister for Education, Punjab;
    2. Inaugural address by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto;
    3. Speech by Prof. Abdul Hashim, Vice Chancellor Quaid-i-Azam University;
    4. Address of welcome by Mr. Abdul Hafeez Pirzada, Federal Minister for Education and Provincial Coordination;
    5. Paper, 'Jinnah and the Home Rule Movement' given by Mazhar Yusuf, and copy, v(a)
    6. List of delegates
    7. Programme of lectures, and copy, vii(a)
    8. Extended programme of lectures, and copy, viii(a)
    9. Biodata of delegates
    10. Catalogue of exhibition of documents and photographs to commemorate the centenary of Jinnah's birth, and copy, x(a)
    11. Inaugural speech to the first meeting of the national committee for the centenary celebrations of Quaid-i-Azam

BOX 12

  • Vols. I and II of papers presented at the International Congress of Quaid-i-Azam, 19-25 December 1976 at Islamabad.
  • Green and white rosette badge and name tag for I.M.S.

BOX 13

  • Vols. III and IV, as above (Box 12).....
  • .....plus Paper 5 given by Professor S. Qudratullah Fatimi, Director of R.C.D. Cultural Institute, Islamabad, entitled 'Quad-i-Azam and Lord Morley', pp.18 [missing from bound volume]
  • Paper entitled 'The nature of Federal Crisis in Canada and Pakistan' by Dr. Manzooruddin Ahmed.
  • 2 pamphlets .....
  • .....and souvenir brochure of Quaid centenary celebrations given by Pakistan Embassy to I.M.S., 1977.

BOX 14

  • Papers concerning the Indian Civil Service Dinner 1976 in London at the Army and Navy Club.
  • Letter between I.M.S. and Stewart Abbot, Y.R. Parpia, Sir Ian Scott; the seating plan, pp.67.
  • Correspondence and drafts re I.M.S.'s address to the Pakistan Society on March 22, 1979 in London, pp.175.

BOX 15

  • Miscellaneous correspondence connected with the lqbal Centenary in London and Cambridge. 1977-79. The Iqbal Chair at Cambridge University, pp.515.
  • South Asian Remembrance 1980, another copy of TS. text of tape-recorded conversation between Dr. Saeed Durrani of Birmingham University and Mr. Agha Ghazanfar of Pakistan Foreign Service with Mr. Ian Stephens about his years in South Asia. 16pp.

BOX 16

  1. Fair copy, with author's notes and emendations, of Mr Stephens' last projected book, "Back East", received from Miss M.B. Stiff (Mr Stephens' secretary). The typescript, which is almost complete, is in 62 chapters and 7 appendices. It covers the author's visits to South Asia, mainly Pakistan, but to India too, in the winters of 1975-76, 1976-77 and 1978-79.

    There are accounts of the Jinnah Centenary Congress, held at Islamabad, in December 1976. Mr Stephens was also present on the first day of the hearing of Mr Z.A. Bhutto's appeal against conviction for murder before Pakistan's Supreme Court in Rawalpindi in January 1979.

    Interspersed with these accounts are memoirs of earlier periods in the East, Mr Stephens' school and university days, and more recent experiences and encounters.

  2. 'Enigma'. Diaries kept by Ian Stephens, September-December 1975. 123 ff.
  3. Notebook - Beggar Saint - diary kept in Pakistan, January 1979. 33 ff.
  4. Three note books, III, IV, and V, entitled 'travel', covering Dec.30, 1975 to Jan.16, 1976

BOXES 17 and 18

Mr Stephens' working copy of "Back East". 813 ff.

BOXES 19, 20 and 21

Collection of leaflets, pamphlets, booklets, periodicals etc. notable amongst which are:

  • Government of the Punjab, Lahore, publications describing the Sikh "plan" for the massacre of Muslims in 1947:- Nos. 42, 55, 61, 68, 69.
  • Pamphlets on the Sikh role in 1947 massacres and continuing communal strife:- Nos. 8, 9, 10, 16.
  • The Kashmir dispute:- Nos. 11, 12, 14, 51, 52.
  • The Sikh religion:- Nos. 1, 3-7, 28, 32, 63, 64.

A complete list of these pamphlets is shown below:-


  1. Guru Nanak's Religion - 1952
  2. Pakistan - Basic Facts - 1960
  3. A Brief Account of The Sikhs, by Ganda Singh (4th impression) - 1971
  4. The Sikh Religion - An Outline Of Its Doctrines, by Teja Singh - 1935
  5. Caste and Untouchability in Sikhism, by Jodh Singh - 1936
  6. The Twelve Months by Guru Nanak, by Fukhari Chhant; and The Parable of Sajjan, the Hypocrite, by S. Gurbachan Singh
  7. Why Keshas? (Human Hair) - An Answer, by Tejinder Singh - 1965
  8. The New Nazis, by Syed Azhar Husain Zaidi - (1948 ?)
  9. Tragedy of Calcutta - 1950
  10. The Tragedy of Delhi (Through Neutral Eyes), by D.M. Malik - 1948
  11. Kashmir in Maps - 1951
  12. Through Pakistan and Afghanistan (Oct. - Nov.1948) - a series of articles by M. Philips Price (Reprinted from The Manchester Guardian)
  13. The Indian Academic Profession: the Origins of a Tradition of Subordination, by Irene A. Gilbert - 1972
  14. Kashmir Documents - 1962
  15. Letters of Iqbal to Jinnah - 1944
  16. Chaos or Stability - a Dialogue on Intercommunal Relations in the South Asian Subcontinent, by Matiur Rahman - 1981
  17. Colonel Unni Nayar - Commemorative Volume - 1951
  18. Holt Mackenzie - The Forgotten Man, by P. Spear {now in Box 20, item 13a/b}
  19. Reflections on the Transfer of Power and Jawaharlal Nehru, by Earl Mountbatten of Burma - 1968
  20. A Message of Peace, by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
  21. Life and Work of Hazrat Mizra Bashir-Ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad, by Mohammad Zafrulla Khan
  22. The Message of Ahmadiyyat (a lecture), by Mohammad Zafrulla Khan
  23. Why I Believe in Islam (a broadcast), by Mirza Bashir-Ud Din Mahmud Ahmad - 1942
  24. What Distinguishes Ahmedees from Non-Ahmedees, by M. Sher Ali - 1917
  25. An Outline of the Ahmadiyya Community, by R.A. Arshed
  26. Sind Club 1871-1971
  27. The Pathans, by Ghani Khan - 1947
  28. The Heritage of The Golden Temple, by Harbans Singh - 1967

Box 20

  1. Durand Line [International Frontier Between Pakistan and Afghanistan]
  2. "Operation Clean-up", by Lt. Gen. Azam Khan
  3. "The Key" to "The Munshi", by M.A. Khan Haidari
  4. The Song of Nanak, translated by Dr. Gopal Singh
  5. Jahawarlal Nehru - The Struggle for Independence, by The Right Honourable Lord Butler
  6. Pakistan at the Crossroads, by Lt. Gen. Azam Khan
  7. (a) "I am a Pakistani", and (b) "Pakistan's Pakhtuns", letters from Phillips Talbot
  8. Durand Line [follow-up to item 29]
  9. Pakistan and the Commonwealth, by K. Sarwar Hasan
  10. Four Talks on Pakistan, by Lionel Fielden, broadcast in 'The Third Programme of the B.B.C.'
  11. New Horizon, by the Peshawar Tribal Publicity Organisation
  12. The New World Order of Islam, by Mirza Bashir-Ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad
  13. A Present to His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales, a welcome to India from the Ahmadiyya Community
  14. Intelligence Reports concerning the Tribal Repercussions to the Events in the Punjab, Kashmir and India
  15. Action and Relationship, by J. Krishnamurti
  16. The Role of Islam in the Modern National State, by E.I.J. Rosenthal
  17. Belief and Islam, by Halid-i Baghdadi
  18. The Political Economy of the Bangladesh Crisis, by Mary Kaldor and Javed Ansari

Box 21

  1. Abu Taher's Last Testament - Bangladesh: The Unfinished Revolution, by Lawrence Lifschultz
  2. My Struggle Against Dictatorship, by Lt. Gen. Azam Khan
  3. National Geographic, vol.123, no.5, May 1963
  4. The National Geographic Magazine, vol.CIV, no.4, October 1953
  5. New Kashmir - Constitution and Outline Economic Plan...
  6. World Opinion on Kashmir
  7. A Biography of The Hon. Sir Ebrahim Haroon Jaffer, by Munshi Abdus Subhan
  8. International Tributes to Mr. Ahmed E.H. Jaffer
  9. Kashmir Before Accession
  10. Pakistan's External Relations, by G.W. Choudhury and Parvez Hasan
  11. The Strategic Interests of Pakistan, by K. Sarwar Hasan
  12. Report of the University of Peshawar for the Year 1965, by Mohammad Ali
  13. Pathans - The People of Pakistan Series, no.1
  14. Armed Forces of Pakistan
  15. The Sikhs in Action
  16. Races of Afghanistan
  17. Sikhism and its Impact on Indian Society, by Hazara Singh
  18. Guru Nanak - Founder of the Sikh Faith - A Sketch of His Teachings, by Gurbachan Singh 'Talib'
  19. The Marquess of Zetland, 1876-1961, by Sir Gilbert Laithwaite
  20. Historic Delhi, by Humphry Bullock
  21. A Brief Report on the Working of the University of Peshawar during 1961/62 to 1964/65
  22. RSSS (Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh) in the Punjab
  23. Note on The Sikh Plan

BOX 22

Collection of reprints and typewritten lecture notes, seminar papers etc., all by Dr. T.G.P. Spear.


  1. (a) & (b) The Mughal Mansabdari System (2 copies). 1968.
  2. Ram Mohan Roy and religion. 1972.
  3. (a) & (b) Patterns of British Leadership in British India. (SOAS seminar paper). (2 copies). 1972.
  4. Stern Daughter of the Voice of God: Ideas of Duty Among the British in India. 1975.
  5. India After Independence: Introduction. 1977
  6. India After Independence: trends ancient and modern. 1979.
  7. (a) & (b) War Memories in India, 1939-45 (2 copies). 1977.
  8. Britain and India: an overall view. 1979.
  9. The Influence of Urban Sikhs on the Development of the Movement for a Punjabi-speaking State. nd.
  10. Precept and Practice: an analysis with examples. 1978?.


  1. Bentinck and the Raj. 1949.
  2. Nehru. 1967.
  3. (a) & (b) Holt Mackenzie - Forgotten Man of Bengal (2 copies). 1967.
  4. Mahatma Ghandi. 1969.
  5. (a) & (b) Independence, Nationalism and Religion in South Asia (2 copies). 1969.
  6. India - history. 1970.
  7. The Mughal Mansabdari System (Published version of item 1). 1970.
  8. Early days of Bishop's College, Calcutta. 1970.
  9. Position of the Muslims, Before and After Partition. nd.
  10. The Political Evolution of Pakistan: a study in analysis. nd.

BOXES 23 and 24

A further collection of offprints and memorabilia. (Similar to the material in Boxes 18 - 20)

Box 23

  1. Pak-Afghan Relations
  2. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Bilateralism. New Directions.
  3. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The Third World. The imperative of Unity.
  4. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The Third World. The imperative of Unity.
  5. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. RCD. Challenge and Response.
  6. Pakistan Fact Sheets.
  7. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Politics of the People. Awakening the People.
  8. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Thoughts on some aspects of Islam.
  9. President Bhutto on Issues in South Asian Sub-Continent.
  10. Bhutto. The Truth About His Rule and His Trial.
  11. Lawrence Lifschultz. Abu Taher's Last Testament - Bangladesh: The Unfinished Revolution.
  12. Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's Interview with Dr. Lucian O. Meysel.
  13. Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's Speech in the Parliament. Situation in Baluchistan.
  14. Lahore High Court Summary of Judgement in Murder Trial. State vs. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and others.
  15. East Pakistan: Awami League's Bid for Secession.
  16. Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's visit to the United States of America. Statement and Speeches, September 18-23, 1973.
  17. World Opinion on Tripartite Agreement. New Delhi. April 9, 1974.
  18. Tripartite Agreement. New Delhi. April 9, 1974.
  19. President Bhutto's Address to the National Assembly. Islamabad. April 14, 1972.
  20. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.  Speech at the Foundation Stone Laying Ceremony of Supreme Court Building. Islamabad.  March 23, 1976.
  21. Nirad C. Chaudhuri. India , West Bengal and East Bengal.
  22. Hamdard Foundation Pakistan Twenty-Five Years of Service, 1954-1979.
  23. India's Two Faces: A Study in Contrast.
  24. Pakistan. Reforms and Development.

Box 24

  1. Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Addresses. A Press Conference.
  2. Mr. Fazal Elahi Chaudh. Islamic Summit, 1974, Pakistan. Welcome Address.
  3. Z.A. Bhutto's Rendezvous With History.
  4. Labour and Employment in Pakistan.
  5. Health and Population Planning in Pakistan.
  6. Transport and Communications in Pakistan. Development Planning Series, 1973.
  7. Dr. Mubashir Hasan. Plan for Just Economic Order.
  8. Shaikh Mohammad Rashid. Health Problems and Health System in Developing Countries.
  9. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Pakistan People's Government Services for Islam.
  10. Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Address to Foreign Diplomats. April 28, 1974.
  11. Abdul Qayyum. Bhutto and the Demands of Justice.
  12. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Politics of the People. 1.Reshaping Foreign Policy.
  13. Thus Spake the Father.
  14. Lahore High Court. Judgement in Murder Trial. State vs. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Others.
  15. G.V. Mavalankar Memorial Lecture, November 27, 1982. Press and Politics. By Cushrow Irani.
  16. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Politics of the People. 3.Marching Towards Democracy.
  17. Attorney General Yahya Bakhtiar's Opening Address in the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Rawalpindi, June 19, 20 and 23, 1975.
  18. Supreme Court Judgement on Dissolution of NAP. Rawalpindi, October 30, 1975.

BOXES 25 - 46

These boxes have received only preliminary sorting and some await more detailed listing. Some of the files were created by Mr Stephens, some files are artificial assemblies created at the Centre for ease of storage and access and some are duplicates of earlier items.

BOX 25

  • "Baby's Souvenir" book of photos as a baby, growing up, and as a young adult up to 1932, diary written by mother[?] up to 1924, memorabilia, press cuttings.
  • "7th Imperial Press Conference, Canada, June 8-28, 1950", with list of delegates and conference photographs.

BOX 26

  • The Statesman selection of special editions, cuttings, reprints of articles and editorials, pamphlets etc.

BOX 27

  1. "Constitutional Issues in Contemporary Islam": Rosenthal lecture, Middle East Centre, Cambridge, May 1962
  2. Book Review - "The Conquest of Famine", W.R.Aykroyd
  3. Paper on West Pakistan - Stephens, for C.S.A.S. seminar, 1972
  4. Letter from Phillips Talbot to W.S.Rogers (eye witness account of celebrations in Karachi, Delhi, Bombay, after Independence)
  5. "Reflections on Disaster" part of draft of book by Stephens on the "catastrophic" events of 1970-72
  6. Lecture by Stephens "Islam and the West", 1957
  7. "Four Years of Independence - an Indo-Pakistan Retrospect", lecture by Stephens, 1952
  8. Notes for lecture by Stephens, 1964, on tensions between India and Pakistan since 1947.
  9. Paper "Political Evolution of Pakistan", by T.G.P.Spears, 1962(?)
  10. Article "SWAT - A Principality Created by Its Rulers" by Stephens for The Times Supplement on Pakistan prior to the Queen's visit
  11. Article "Hunza-Nagar" by Stephens for The Times Pakistan Supplement
  12. Article "Problems of Defence" by Stephens for The Times Pakistan Supplement
  13. Book review by Stephens of "Ceylon: A Divided Nation" by B.H.Farmer, 1963
  14. Book review by Stephens of "The Last Years of British India" by M.Edwards, 1963
  15. Book review by Stephens of "Britain and Muslim India" by K.K.Aziz, 1963
  16. Book review by Stephens of "The Pathan Borderland" by J.W.Spain, 1963
  17. Book review by Stephens of "Britain and India: Requiem for Empire" by M. and T.Zinkin
  18. Leaflet "George Yule and Co. 1863-1920: Yule, Catto and Co. Ltd. 1920-1963"
  19. "Notes on Lord Halifax" by Stephens, 1962
  20. Book review for The Listener by Stephens of "Divide and Quit" by Penderel Moon, 1962
  21. Book review for International Affairs by Stephens of "Religion and Politics in Pakistan" by L.Binder, 1961
  22. Talk by Prof. L.F.Rushbrook Williams "The Significance of The Indus Waters Treaty", 1961
  23. HMSO Leaflet "The Indus Basin Development Fund Agreement", 1960
  24. HMSO Leaflet "Indus Basin Development Fund Act, 1960"
  25. Leaflet by The Uday Shankar India Culture Centre, "Uday Shankar - The Man and His Work"
  26. Leaflet publ. by Govt. of India Press, "Congress Responsibility For The Disturbances, 1942-43"
  27. Reprint from The Middle East Journal 1966, "Party Politics in the Second Republic of Pakistan" by Saleem M.M.Qureshi
  28. Reprint from Pacific Affairs 1966, "Pakhtunistan: The Frontier Dispute Between Afghanistan and Pakistan" by S.M.M.Qureshi
  29. Leaflet publ. by The Sikh Missionary Society U.K., "Glimpses of Sikhism"
  30. Reprint from The Practitioner 1975, "Longevity Among Writers Who Lived In India" by Stephens (two copies, (a) and (b))
  31. Paper by Joyce J.M.Pettigrew "The Growth Of Sikh Community Consciousness, 1947-66"
  32. Booklet "The Way Out - A plea for constructive thought on the present political situation in India" by C.Rajagopalachari" 1943
  33. Two book reviews by Stephens for International Affairs 1973, "Conflict, Crisis and War in Pakistan" by Kalim Siddiqui, and "India, Russia, China and Bangla Desh" by J.A.Naik (the Bengal catastrophe of 1971)
  34. Booklet "Theoria To Theory" 1967, esp. p.127-137. Dialogue between Ian Stephens and Ray Panikkar, Professor of Philosophy, University of Benares - "Is Jesus Christ Unique?"
  35. Letter, p.10 of "The Fleur-de-lys", (magazine of Kings College School, Cambridge), to the School magazine from Stephens, 1967
  36. The Pakistan Society Bulletin, 1969, esp. p.41, abbreviation of a lecture by Stephens for the CSAS, "The 1947 Partition"
  37. Stephens' notes for introduction to a seminar on the Partition of India "A Newspaper Editor's View"
  38. Stephens' note on a conversation, about experiences of E.Lyttleton and V.Forbes in Kashmir in 1964
  39. Paper by Stephens "Some Happy Pakistani Remembrances"
  40. Royal Central Asian Journal 1955, containing Shephens' paper "On the Indo-Pakistani Border"
  41. Offprint of "On the Indo-Pakistani Border" as above
  42. Theology - A Monthly Review 1958 esp. p.85, book review by Stephens of "The Balance of Truth" by Katib Chelebi
  43. Paper by Stephens, 1952, "Four Years of Independence - An Indo-Pakistani Retrospect"
  44. Collection of book reviews by Stephens and associated correspondence
    • "Danger in Kashmir" by J.Korbel
    • "The Memoirs of Aga Khan" (2 copies)
    • "Ambassador's Report" by C.Bowles
    • "The Sikhs" by K.Singh
    • "The Founding of the Kashmir State" by K.M.Pannikkar
    • "Round about India" by J.Seymour
    • "This is Kashmir" by P.Gervis
    • "India and the Awakening East" by Eleanor Roosevelt
  45. Text of lecture "Pakistan", by Stephens, dealing with the circumstances of the 1947 Partition prepared for CSAS in Feb. 1969

BOX 28

  1. Middle East Society Lecture, 1963.
  2. BBC correspondence, 1952-57.
  3. BBC scripts, 1952-57.

BOX 29

  1. Chambers' Encyclopaedia - drafts.
  2. Chambers' Encyclopaedia - correspondence.

BOX 30

  1. Cambridge Oriental Studies Faculty.
  2. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1967-69.

BOX 31

  1. Centre of South Asian Studies Lecture correspondence, 1969.
  2. Miscellaneous articles etc., 1938-45.
  3. Abstracted from Centre of South Asian Studies file.
  4. From Literary Miscellaneous file, 1970 -.

BOX 32

  1. Abstracted from Personal file.
  2. Abstracted from Famine file.
  3. Abstracted from Literary Miscellaneous, 1964-66.
  4. Abstracted from BBC scripts, correspondence, 1960 -.
  5. Abstracted from 'Delkarin' file, 1952.
  6. Correspondence: Peshawar trip, 1948. Sikhs, 1948.
  7. Correspondence: 1947-1949.

BOX 33

  1. Hospitality to armed forces. 2 files - Jan 1944-Aug 1945 and June 1946-July 1947
  2. Personal correspondence, 2 files - Jan-May 1943 and June-Sept 1943

BOX 34

  1. Personal corespondence, 2 files - Oct-Dec 1943 and Jan- Dec 1944
  2. Hospitality to armed Forces, Sept 1945 - May 1946

BOX 35

  1. Hospitality to Armed Forces, Jan-Dec 1944
  2. Personal correspondence, Jan-Dec 1942
  3. Hospitality to Armed Forces, Feb 1942 - Dec 1943
  4. Applications for War Service 1939 - 1941

BOX 36

  1. Statesman correspondence and cuttings, 1942/3
  2. Statesman correspondence and cuttings, 1943/4
  3. Statesman correspondence, 1945
  4. Statesman correspondence, 1946

BOX 37

  1. Miscellaneous correspondence 1937-41
  2. Correspondence and cuttings on "the Arthur Moore affair"
  3. Notes on staffing at the Statesman, 1941
  4. Correspondence etc. between Statesman and SEAC (the Services' Newspaper of South East Asia Command)

BOX 38

  1. Containing file re air passage to England under the Key Leave scheme, envelope containing permits, I.D. card, ration book, Press pass, etc., and introductions, personal letters and notes on travels in 1944
  2. ANZAC correspondence, Oct. 1946 - April 1951
  3. Late speeches and memorandum to the Central Government on the Second Press Commission 1982. (45pp)

BOX 39

  1. Statesman accounts, circulation etc., 1942/3, and some correspondence
  2. Notes tken during trip to Afghanistan, 1940, related correspondence and published articles
  3. Correspondence etc. abstracted from "Pakistan" book, 1967

BOX 40

  1. Correspondence etc. Mt. Vernon Tea Estate
  2. Correspondence etc. Mt. Vernon Tea Estate
  3. Correspondence etc. Mt. Vernon Tea Estate and Anglo-Ceylon Co.

BOX 41

  1. Correspondence etc. Mt. Vernon Tea Estate
  2. Correspondence etc. Mt. Vernon Tea Estate
  3. Domestic correspondence about departure from India
  4. Correspondence, cuttings etc. re Mountbatten clash and Patiala affair

BOX 42

  1. Farewell correspondence, cuttings etc. 1951
  2. Financial papers and Statesman affairs 1950/51

BOX 43

  1. Statesman miscellaneous papers, letters and cuttings
  2. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1978, including file on the Iqbal Centenary celebrations and plaque
  3. File on Naseer Shaikh's revival of "The Civil and Military Gazette", 1956-57
  4. Correspondence, 1952-54, C.U.P. "History of India"
  5. File II, Press cuttings and reviews of "Horned Moon"

BOX 44

  1. Statesman miscellaneous affairs (salaries, policies etc.) and correspondence, mainly 1940s
  2. Miscellaneous Statesman correspondence (mainly 1940s), and (1980) re Lindsay Emmerson
  3. Mix of Statesman affairs and personal correspondence

BOX 45

  1. Statesman circulation, accounts and Board meeting agendas
  2. Part of Sir Francis Mudie's memoir re Lord Mountbatten as Viceroy
  3. Booklet "Quaid-I-Azam, Mohamed Ali Jinnah, A Centenary Tribute, 1876-1976" and personal letters
  4. War correspondent pass and licences, booklet "I Spy With My Little Eye" by Humphry House, personal letters, and Government of India Bureau of Public Information statement of prominent English and vernacular newspapers and periodicals published in India and Indian States, 1937
  5. Appointment as Companion of The Most Eminent Order of The Indian Empire

BOX 46

  1. 8 small (1975) and 1 (1978) large notebooks, file regarding controversy about the award of an honorary degree at Oxford on Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the Taher testimony, transcript of interview with Z.A. Bhutto, and others.
  2. Some notes on the death of Mohd Ali Jinnah as far as it concerned the Zhob Militia immediately

See also: BOOKS

There are 480 books donated by Ian Stephens, at present unavailable due to lack of space, plus (in rm.19)

  • STE1 - Wars and Rumours of Wars - a memoir by James Marshall-Cornwall. Publ. by Secker and Warburg, London, 1984
  • STE2 - Rifle and Romance in the Indian Jungle, a record of thirteen years, by Capt. A.I.R. Glasfurd of the Indian Army with numerous illustrations by the author and from photographs. Publ. by The Bodley Head Ltd., London, 3rd reprint 1921
  • (far shelf) - Seventh Imperial Press Conference, Canada 1950
  • (far shelf) - Pliny's Letters, vols. 1 and 2.
  • Plus Archives: IS 1-5.
    • IS 1 - Andrew Yule and Company, 1863-1963
    • IS 2 - The Statesman, an Anthology, 1875-1975
    • IS 3 - The Planters' Association, 1854-1954
    • IS 4 - To the Isles of Spice - Frank Clune
    • IS 5 - India Remembered - Percival and Margaret Spear


Ian Stephens with scholars from South Asia - Pakistan crisis of 1970-72 leading to emergence of Bangladesh (2 discussions, each in 2 parts; 3 reels with transcripts; Rm.18, IS.1)


There is a very large collection of photographs taken by Stephens plus a collection of glass slides contained in 17 wooden slide boxes (Rm.18, boxes C3,C4,C5) and a box of 35mm slides predominantly of SWAT (C3)

Plus 6 photo albums (Rm.18, OS boxes A 125, A 126)

See also:-



Given by Sir Hugh Stephenson, G.B.E., K.C.M.G.

These are the papers of Sir Hugh L. Stephenson, K.C.S.I., K.C.I.E., father of the donor.


  • Speeches delivered by H.E. the Earl of Lytton, Governor of Bengal, during 1926-27 and by H.E. Sir Hugh Stephenson, Acting Governor of Bengal, during 1926. Printed and bound.
  • Selection of speeches by Sir Hugh Stephenson, Governor of Burma, during 1932-36. Publ. in Rangoon, by Government Printing Office, 1936.
  • File of personal correspondence between Sir Hugh Stephenson while Governor Burma and Sir Samuel Hoare, Secretary of State for India, 1932-35.


Speeches delivered by H.E. Sir Hugh Lansdown Stephenson, Governor of Bihar and Orissa,

  • Vol. I - between 7 April 1927 and 25 April 1929.
  • Vol. II - between 26 April 1929 and 6 April 1932.

Publ. by Government Printing Office, Patna


Two volumes of Sir Hugh's engagements with daily entries:

  • Vol. I. - April 1927 - April 1932
  • Vol. II. - December 1932 - April 1936.

BOXES 4 and 5

Two volumes of cuttings from English and Indian newspapers:

  • Box 4 - Vol. I, 1926 - 1932 (Rm.18 OS box A 123)
  • Box 5 - Vol. II, 1932 - 1936 (Rm.18 OS box A 124)


(T.H.G. Stevens, O.B.E.)

'The Wa headhunters of the Shan States of Burma. A note on the Wa people (the Wa Lon and the Wa Pwi) and a visit to them in their area.' Written in 1967. TS 3 pp.

(Small collections, Box 22)

See also biography in Stevens' correspondence file.


Given by Brigadier I.M. Stewart

A. Stewart (Brigadier I.M. Stewart's grandfather) was born in 1809 and went to India c. 1832:

  1. File of MSS copies of letters concerning the Customs House shroff, frauds in the Broach Customs House by false returns by Sir Carcoon, and the undue influence over him and the Customs Treasury by an outsider, Merwanjee, all brought to light by Mr. A. Stewart. 32pp.

  2. The four letters of 1840 are:-
    • To A. Stewart, Assistant Collector of Continental Customs and Excise, from J. Vibart, Revenue Commissioner;
    • To L. R. Reid, Chief Secretary of Territorial Department Revenue, Bombay, from J. Vibart;
    • To J. Vibart from L. R. Reid;
    • To J. H. Kelly, Collector of Continental Customs and Excise from J. Vibart.

  1. File of MSS copies of letters and associated papers with regard to grievances of the Grassias of Dholera against the Government over a share claimed by them in the revenues from the port of Dholera and certain villages ceded by their forefathers to the Government in 1806. 38pp.
    • Very long letter from A. Stewart, Deputy Commissioner of Customs, Salt and Opium, Surat, to Richard Spooner, Commissioner of Customs Salt and Opium, 16 October 1857, explaining the situation.
    • Copies of two letters
    • The articles of agreement, 1852.
    • Assurances to the Grassias by the court of Major Walker, the Hon'ble Company.
    • Statement made by representatives of the Grassias before the Deputy Commissioner of Customs, Salt and Opium, regarding the land acquisition.
    • Translation of an extract of that statement.
    • Copy of an agreement that Gellah Thama be appointed Patel of Bhorra Tollow village, and the conditions. 19 May 1811.
    • A sketch map of Dholera and its dependent villages.
    • Statement showing the gross and net revenue of the eight villages from 1836-56.
    • Copy of extract from "Ras Mala" (or Hindu Annals) of the Province of Guzrat in W. India by A.K. Forbes of the Hon'ble East India Company's Civil Service in 1856; chapter VII, pages 75 - 77, "The Choorasumas of Dholera. The Gohils".

(Small collections, box 22)


Gerald Pakenham Stewart, I.C.S. Joined service 1930 and held posts in Assam; Political Agent, Manipur 1938; Prisoner of War in Japan 1942-45.


  • Letters from Elisabeth Stewart in Imphal to her parents, Sir Walter Laurence Scott, C.I.E., I.C.S., and Lady Scott (q.v.) then living in New Zealand, 20 December 1946 - 29 May 1947, noting the changes in Assam since she and her husband, G.P. Stewart, were there in 1941, and recording the life before Independence. The letters are carefully annotated in TS by G.P. Stewart and there is also a covering note.
  • Letters written by Elizabeth Stewart (wife of G.P. Stewart) to her parents from Shillong/Imphal, Assam in 1947, (again well annotated)
    • 5 June. Detailed account of daily social life while on leave in Shillong.
    • 11 June. Description of Shillong in 1947 - building etc. A lot about various civil service officers and politics - car journey Shillong-Imphal. Choice before I.C.S. officers - back in Imphal as P.A. and daily life there in detail. Comments on the future of I.C.S. members, and considerations for their personal future.
    • 17 June. Daily life in Imphal; rationing: Bishop Biswas. Political agitation beginning; future of Nagas - Preparations for the Governor's visit.
    • 24 June. Discuss the implications of leaving after Independence with a Congress man, and others - Financial position of Government servants. Visit of H.E. The Governor, Sir Akbar and Lady Hyderi, described in detail.
    • 4 July. Continuation of Governor's visit - Crisis between the Maharaja and the Governor, end of visit - Home industries and arts and crafts. Difficulties about leaving. Sylhet referendum; trouble in Calcutta. Question of compensation - women's part in this. The attitude towards Independence of various groups and individuals - Tension beginning in Manipur.
    • 11 July. Domestic life and problems. Result of vote in Sylhet - joining Pakistan. Note about the siege of Kohima. More discussion on the consequences of Independence to her husband's work. Criticism of Khasi men. Details of beginning of preparations for hand-over. Compensation petitions.
    • 18 July. The events of daily life - News of Congress meetings. Unease for the future. Delay in getting passages home - Proposed visit of a Shakespeare Company - Rumours of various States joining Pakistan. Visit of Sir Charles Pawsey - Spit in Congress Party in Manipur and consequences - Constitutional and political crises and currents in Manipur.
    • 26 July. A letter much as before, with detailed day to day events of the small world of a station like Imphal, coping with influx of visitors, political situation, rationing, servants, climate, and arrangements for going home.
    • 1 August. More about the Shakespeare players, demonstrations against them, and difficulty of getting away. Further complications of Council Members. Rumours of Naga independence. Preparations for departure.
    • 10 August. Trouble with the Maharaja. Beginnings of the change-over of power, intrigues and administrative moves. Beginning to hear of the trouble in the rest of India before Partition - in Calcutta, Alwar and Rampur - G.P. Stewart decides to leave early. More news of rioting etc. Further preparations for Independence Day. New Council takes office. Feeling of panic in Sylhet.
    • 15 August. Independence Day. Ceremony at midnight on 14th attended by H.H. The Maharaja. Followed by procession early in morning of the 15 August and other ceremonies and more processions during day
    • Further processions and rejoicing. Reaction of Calcutta and Punjab. News from Pawsey about Nagas. Difficulties over flag-flying. Resignation of Daiho, the Mao Circle Officer. Attitude of Nagas.
    • 23 August. Trip to Shillong to stay with the Governor. Meet Pawsey at Kohima. Difficulties of the journey. Life at Government House.
    • 3 September. Meeting many friends. Constant anxiety about release from service, pension, etc. Journey back from Shillong - delays and incidents. Impression of Life in Independent India - attitude of people.
    • 6 September. Packing and selling off possessions. Incident of child with tetanus. 'Incidents' in the rest of India as a result of Independence. Gandhi on fast because of rioting - surrender of arms to him. New Council's difficulties.
    • 14 September. P.W.D. The Maharaja and flag-hoisting. Difficulties about getting passages to N.Z. Congress activities. Satyagraha.
    • 23 September. More about the satyagrahas round the Palace and their developments. More about flag-hoisting. Description of Manipuri boat-race.
    • 29 September. Domestic and home news. Discussion with Maharaja's heir.
    • 6 October. Letter about routine affairs; change-over etc. House repairs. Checking claims for compensation.
    • 14 October. Arrival of new P.S., Mr. Debeswar Sarma. Farewells.
    • 25 October. Shillong. Having left Imphal. Said goodbye to the Maharaja. Further farewells. Kohima. Goodbye to Pawsey. Galaghat. Smuggling. Refugees.
    • 29 October. Changes in Shillong. Meeting old friends - social life.
    • 4 November. Buying building plot for their servant Precilla. Business connected with leaving. Exhibition of hand-craft.


  • TS extract from the Manipur State administration report for 1943-44, by E.F. Lydall. 8 pp.
  • TS copy of some notes made by Mr. Gimson for Lady Bourne; notes on the war in Manipur. 6 pp.
  • Tour diaries of the Deputy Commissioner, Naga Hills. Shillong, 1942:
    • Vol. I, 1870;
    • Vol. II, 1870-72;
    • Vol. III, 17 February - 11 April 1873;
    • Vol. V, December 1876 - October 1879;
    • Vol. VI, November 1880 - February 1882.
  • Administration report of the Manipur State for the year 1933 - 34, by G.P. Stewart. Imphal, 1934.
  • Final report on the resettlement of Cachar for the year 1917-18, by W.L. Scott, Esq., M.A., B.Sc., I.C.S., Settlement Officer. Shillong, 1919.


Typescript Memoir: 'The Rough and the Smooth: the Autobiography of G.P. Stewart, I.C.S. (Retd.)'.

Born (in 1901) and bred in Ireland, G.P. Stewart, after completing his education and his probationary year for the Indian Civil Service, departed in November 1930 to take up his first appointment as Assistant Commissioner in Sylhet, Assam. From there he was transferred, after little more than a year, to Kohima in the Naga Hills District and appointed Subdivisional Officer, Mokokchung. During this period he married Liz Scott, daughter of Mr Walter (later Sir Walter) Scott, a senior I.C.S. officer and a New Zealander. In March 1933 Stewart was moved again, this time to Imphal in Manipur, as President of the State Durbar.

After their return from leave in Ireland in 1936 he held sundry posts. Within two years they had seven transfers. Some of his appointments were: S.D.O., Sibsagar, Acting Deputy Commissioner, Sylhet and to Shillong, the chief town in the Khasi and Jaintia Hills District, where he was given the task of making territorial boundaries for each of the Khasi chieftains.

In February 1939 he was appointed Deputy Commissioner, Sylhet, where they spent two and a half years before departing for leave in New Zealand in September 1941, a journey made by flying boat. Hs leave was to be shortlived for, after Japan's entry into the war in December, he was recalled to duty in Assam. He departed from New Zealand on 12th March 1942. After various exigencies of travel his ship, the Nankin', was attacked by a German raider on 10th May and he, along with all other passengers and crew, were made prisoner and taken aboard by their German captors. After transfers to two more German ships they were disembarked at Yokohama on 10th July, having spent eighty-four days at sea. They were imprisoned in an abandoned convent in Fukushima where they remained under stringent conditions until their release in September 1945 by American airmen, after Japan's surrender. Stewart rejoined his wife and family in Nelson, New Zealand.

He and his wife, leaving their children in New Zealand, returned in May 1946 to Assam where he was appointed Deputy Commissioner of Cachar District, posted at Silchar.

For their final ten months in India he was appointed Political Agent, Manipur, moving there in December 1946. He records the changes which had taken place during the five years since their previous appointment there. He mentions the many V.I.P. guests they had to entertain while at the Residency and tells of the last hill tour he and his wife made to the northeastern part of the Province.

When Sir Akbar Hydari was appointed Governor of Assam he asked members of the I.C.S. to stay on for a few months after the transfer of power. Stewart agreed to do so. At the time of independence there was the possibility of trouble in Manipur between Satyagrahis and the Maharajah's people, making a tense situation. In the end all was settled amicably.

Stewart and his wife left Manipur on 20th October, only two months after independence. His position had become untenable and they were feeling increasingly isolated. They managed to leave Calcutta by air on 10th December, arriving in Nelson, New Zealand where they rejoined their children on 18th December.>

The final chapter of the autobiography describes their life in Nelson. He qualified as a barrister and worked in a law firm. After his retirement he was appointed Coroner of Nelson.

His story is full of interest from many angles. He describes various ethnic groups of the northeastern corner of India amongst whom he worked and tells of their customs, giving some historical details of the area. The life and work of a District Officer in Assam is graphically described, not only by himself but also in his wife's letters to her parents from which he quotes. His dispassionate account of the daily routine and conditions in a Japanese prisoner of war camp is both moving and illuminating. 237pp.

See also:- SCOTT, Lady B. PAPERS

See also:- FILMS - taken pre-1932 to 1936

  1. Jubilee celebrations, Manipur wrestling, Naga dances
  2. Scenery from railway cariage en route from the Surma valley over the mountains to the Arahmaputra valley
  3. Kuki "Monkey Dances"
  4. Sword dance, monuments, temples, bone ceremony
  5. Manipur hill tracts, Tamu dances, Imphal bazaar, Durbar
  6. Gurkhas, Shillong scenery

Books presented (archives, ST1 - ST18):-

Eha. Behind the bungalow. 6th ed. London, 1897.

Endle, Sidney. The Kacharis. London, 1911.

Griffith, William. Journal of travels in Assam, Burma . . . . Calcutta, 1847.

Gurdon, P.R.T. The Khasis. (2 editions) lst ed. London, 1907. 2nd ed. 1914.

Hodson, T.C. The Meitheis. London, 1908.

Hodson, T.C. The Naga tribes of Manipur. London, 1911.

Hutton, J.H. The Angami Nagas. London, 1921.

Latham, R.G. The ethnology of India. London, 1859.

Lewin, Thomas. A fly on the wheel or how I helped to govern India. London, 1912.

Mills, J.P. The Rengma Nagas. London, 1937.

Pamphlets on Assam. n.p. n.d.

Parry, N.E. The Lakhers. London, 1932.

Playfair, A. The Garos. London, 1909.

Robinson, William. A descriptive account of Asam . . . . Calcutta, 1841.

Shakespear, J. The Lushei Kuki clans. London, 1912.

Stack, Edward. The Mikirs. London, 1908.

Walsh, Cecil. Indian village crimes .... London, 1929.


(Sir Herbert Stewart)

Pamphlet: 'Thirty years of Punjab agriculture', by H.R. Stewart, C.I.E., I.A.S., Director of Agriculture, Punjab. The text of an address given to Rotary Club, Lahore, on 20 December 1939. 18 pp.

(Small collections, Box 22)


Papers of Catherine Ann Stock. Lucknow, Naini Tal, Multan. 1854-70.

Given by Mrs E. Saint.

  1. Introduction (plus photo and family tree), by Mrs. Elisabeth Saint, to Catherine Ann (Stock), wife of Captain Alfred Simons and later of Captain Hector Munro. 3pp.
  2. Typed transcripts:
  3. Letters from Catherine Simons to her family in England.
    They begin with her outward journey to India in 1854 when she and her husband, a Captain in the Bengal Artillery, were travelling together. Subsequent letters written during the Mutiny tell of her enforced sojourn in Naini Tal with their two children and of her husband's death while helping to defend the Residency in the Siege of Lucknow. 34pp.
  4. Extract of Brigadier Inglis' report on Captain Alfred Simons' courage during the Siege. 1pp.
  5. Letters of 1867-68 tell of domestic life in Multan with her second husband, Captain Hector Munro of the Royal Artillery, and their four small children. 9pp.
  6. Extract from a letter of General William Munro (brother of Hector Munro) concerning his wounding at the Battle of Maharajpore of 1843, to his father in England. 2pp.
  7. Correspondence between Hector Munro and his uncles on financial matters. 4pp.
  8. Letters from Hector Munro in Multan to his sister Janet in England, during 1868-69, are concerned with family and domestic news and his ill health. 10pp.
  9. Letter from Lieutenant George Simpson to General William Munro, January 1870, tells him of his brother Hector's death. 2pp.

(Small collections, box 22)


Given by Lady (Alice) Stokes

Principally Sir Henry, his son Sir Hopetoun and Lady Alice (née Lawrence). Madras, U.P., Rajputana. 1873-1973

BOX A129/B

Commonplace book kept by Lady Stokes from the time of her marriage to Sir Hopetoun Stokes in December 1922 until their departure in 1935. It continued with Indian interests in England until 1952.


  1. (a-h) Christmas cards of Indian scenes and sketches.
  2. Letters from Lady Stokes when Alice Lawrence to her future husband, Sir Hopetoun Stokes.
    1. 19 January 1922. Allahabad: mentions troubles arising over Prince of Wales' visit, and civil disturbance. Description of Miss Stuart. Women's education in India.
    2. 1 March 1922. Allahabad - general.
    3. 30 June 1922. Naini Tal. General comments on social life during leave.
    4. 26 August 1922. Allahabad. Remarks on hill stations and diversity of Indian life.
    5. 22 October 1922. Allahabad - general.
    6. 19 November 1922. Allahabad - general.
  3. Letters from Lady Stokes when Alice Lawrence, to her mother, from India where she had gone to be a school inspectress 1921-22.
    1. 21 December. Bombay. Daily social life staying with her cousin. Races. Visits Labour Department and visits the tenement buildings (chawls) with investigator looking into conditions of the working class. She is appalled at the conditions. Sees middle-class chawl. Goes to a dance at Government House, and feels the contrast. Sees Tata Cotton Mill.
    2. 29 December. Bombay. Has been to Baroda for Christmas. Description of travelling in style by train. Goes shooting on Christmas Day, travelling by trolley and goods train. Finds the people at the club dreary, but one Indian girl interesting and amusing. Dines at the Palace. Sees Worli.
    3. 4 January 1922. Allahabad. At the Training College, acting as assistant to Miss Stuart, Chief Inspectress of Schools in the U.P. Describes travelling two nights and two days in the train. Visits two schools.
    4. 8 January. Allahabad. Daily life at training college described, and social life.
    5. 15 January. Allahabad. Goes to the Fort at Allahabad to watch the pilgrims. Meets numerous people including the Pims. Demonstration classes in college. Social life.
    6. 22 January. Allahabad. Criticism class successful. Social life. Meets Miss Stuart.
    7. 29 January. Allahabad. Inspects an American school. Goes to the Fair at the river - meets some of Servants of India -scramble along bank and go in a boat to confluence of Ganges and Jumna among the crowds of pilgrims. Return amidst the crowds who are very friendly. Inspects a purdah school.
    8. 5 February. Allahabad. Social. News of murder of 15 police near Gorakhpur.
    9. 12 February. Allahabad. Railway strike - Purdah party - Gandhi withdraws practically all questionable non-cooperation activities. Goes to a fancy dress party.
    10. 19 February. Allahabad. Strikes continuing. Problem of examination in purdah school. Party given by the Raja of Mudda.
    11. 12 March. c/o Miss Stuart, Lucknow. Description of The Residency which she finds very moving. Visits Isabella Thorburn College. Does not travel to Dehra Dun alone on account of Gandhi's impending arrest, Everyone waiting to see what will happen after Gandhi's arrest and Montagu's resignation.
    12. 18 March. Agra. The Inspection Bungalow. Inspects schools. Goes to Bareilly, and stays in the Circuit House.
    13. 5 May. Naini Tal. To Ranikhet by car then by pony to Naini Tali
    14. 10 May. Almora. The Dak Bungalow. Away from plains during the hot weather. Description of journey from Kathgodam to Naini Tal.
    15. 29 July. Allahabad. Incidents of daily life. Servants - goes to a fair; inspecting schools.
    16. 21 August. Moradabad. The Inspection Bungalow. On tour. Unfortunate journey - has things stolen. Inspects schools. Remarks on drabness of mission school.
    17. 25 August. Dehra Dun. The Royal Hotel. Inspection of schools, including a school started recently by an Indian couple.
    18. 3 September. Allahabad. Travelling incidents.
  4. Letters from Lady Stokes to her husband, Sir Hopetoun Stokes from their house Bhito in Ootacamund.
    1. 24 April 1926. Arrived at house in Ootacamund to get it ready - very damp.
    2. 25 April. Mainly about drying out the house.
    3. 26 April. About getting house ready.
    4. 26 April. About getting house ready.
    5. 28 April. About getting house ready.
    6. 29 April. About getting house ready.
    7. 30 April. About getting house ready, and hiring a 'dressing' boy.
    8. 1 May. About getting the house ready - servant trouble.
    9. 2 May. About getting house ready - payment of 'dressing' boy.
    10. 4 May. Last instructions re house.
  5. Original and TS copy of telegram sent from Moradabad on 12 May 1910, from the Chandrayan Mashujan Prostitute Sambhalidarwaza to the Viceroy of India commiserating on the death of King Edward VII, and saying that they would observe mourning for three days, and offering the Royal Family their condolences.
  6. Copy of journal The Field - Madras - an all sports journal May 1933, Vol. II, No.l. Including an article: Occupations and amusements among women settlers in India in the 18th and early 19th Centuries - continued from the Annual No.
  7. Annual report of the Nilgiri Ladies' Club, Ootacamund (a)1969-70 and (b)1972-73.
  8. TS of article on The Women's Movement in England in the 19th Century and its effect on India, by Lady Alice Stokes. 20pp.
  9. Letter of complaint about the gardener and the peon from the House-matey left in charge of Grange in Madras when Lady Stokes was in Ootacamund, 20 June 1934.
  10. Letter from Dewan Bahadur Sir M. Krishnan Nair in appreciation of Sir Hopetoun Stokes, 9 March 1935.
  11. (a-e) Letters from Rao Bahardur N.R. Balakrishna Mudahai, Superintendent School of Arts and Crafts, Madras to Sir Hopetoun and Lady Stokes before and after their departure.
  12. Newspaper cutting from The Madras Mail, 23 March 1935: an appreciation of Sir Hopetoun and Lady Stokes.
  13. 44 Letters from Sir Hopetoun and Lady Stokes' former chauffeur, K. Naryana Menokki (to whom Lady Stokes paid a monthly pension), written through an emanuensis, from Kerala 1923-35 & 1953-73 to his former employers. They express sadness at parting, the difficulties of life in India and in finding employment, his pension, his troubles, illnesses, family and great difficulties of giving and rise of prices. A little about politics, and a great regret for former days. The last letter is 31 August 1973, after which Menokki died. (Included is a letter from an I.A.S. man, 2 July 1963, about the chauffeur's state of health).
  14. (a) Printed extract from the speech of the President S. Kutbudin Sahib at a public meeting assembled in the premises of the Ghonsiya Munzil, held on 14 August 1933. About the iniquity of an Education Officer. Very amusing. (b) TS copy.
  15. Letters from friends to Lady Stokes after she and Sir Hopetoun had left Madras in 1935. From:-
    1. Jayalaks Vengamad Palace, 31 December 1935.
    2. Mehra A. Camas, 30 November 1936 at the Nilgiri Ladies' Club, Ootacamund, about the repairs and alterations to the club house, Belmont, and the Ladies' Club, for the establishment of which they have to thank Lady Stokes and Mrs. Subbarayan. Mentions starting in a small way, doing away with purdah.
    3. Miss E.U. Saitri, 24 November 1937, former Superintendent and Headmistress of the M.S.P.C. Home, about reasons for her resignation, and asking for a reference.
    4. Mrs. K.R.B. Subbarayan, 22 January 1938, marked 'Private'. Social news of friends. Lord and Lady Linlithgow have been. in Madras. She did not attend parties in accord with Congress command, but went to the Races. Invited to the Viceroy's box, and her husband saw the Viceroy officially. She says it is strange to cut herself off from one part of social life. News of Mrs. Swaminadhan. Opinion of the All India Women's Club. Political news: opinion of Mr. Rajagopalacharia; finance - has been speaking at public meetings.
    5. Olga Howard (Lady). (a) 10 December 1939. Personal. (b) 14 March 1940, arrival of new Governor, Sir Arthur and Lady Hope (later Lord Willingdon) - other social news.
    6. Sir Gilbert Jackson, I.C.S., 5 March 1933 and 16 November n.p., a High Court Judge, about a meeting of the Society for the Protection of Animals, and calling. Amusing.
    7. Sir George Stanley, 2 January 1935, congratulating Lady Stokes on her Kaiser-i-Hind medal.
    8. Lord Erskine, 6 June 1935, to Sir Hopetoun regretting that he had not received a K.C.S.I. which he recommended.
    9. Douglas M. Reid thanking for congratulations on O.B.E. A little social and political news of attitude to Congress by Governor.
    10. (a-g) Captain R.D. Alexander I.M.S. (later founded a Hindu Ashram).
      1. 25 April 1935, England. Personal.
      2. 8 August (-) 1935, England. Personal.
      3. 4 November 1935, Madras. Appointed professor of Medicine at Lucknow.
      4. 28 December 1935, Lucknow. King George's Medical College. Personal.
      5. 31 January (-) 1936, Lucknow. Elections looming. Possibility of Congress majority. Rumours of Joining Muslims - Income Tax rumours.
      6. 31 August 1936, Lucknow. Servants: Personal.
      7. 21 August 1937, Lucknow. New Congress Government improvement on old. Allowances being cut. Has interviewed Mrs. Pandit and lost his heart to her. First Minister who has taken interest in the new T.B. hospital and given money to start it.
    11. M.M.W. Yeatts. Under-secretary to Sir Hopetoun Stokes in Madras when Sir Hopetoun was Chief Secretary - shared The Grange in Madras.
      1. 25 December 1935, New Delhi. Personal and reminiscent.
      2. After August - 1935, Simla. Personal news which is very evocative of an Anglo-Indian life style.
      3. 3 December 1936, New Delhi. Description of a walk in Simla countryside, and a visit to Agra. Succinct and vivid.
      4. 9 December 1937, New Delhi. Description of a three week trek round Delhi. Most vividly told.
      5. 20 May 1938, Simla. Recovering after bad 'flu. Descriptive of Simla life - illness of dog. Remarks on new Governor of Orissa.
      6. 24 October 1939, London. Has seen Dr. Hutton.
      7. 21 March 1940, New Delhi. Sardonic description of Delhi in wartime. Social life the same. Political scene: Indians probably think Britain will win, but are open to German propaganda. Britain should use more 'colour' in the news.
    12. M.F. Frazer:
      1. 28 December 1935, Madras. News of women's work in Madras. New School called The Lady Stokes School. Attitude and effect of India - the West on one another.
      2. 24 January 1938. Similar to above.
    13. Zoe. 26 June 19--, Poona. Great dislike of Poona. Unable to mix with Indians or go to political meetings.
    14. Three letters written by Sir Henry Edward Stokes.
      1. To his mother, Letitia Stokes, on the death of his second wife, Helena (nee Currie) (Lena), 31 January 1873.
      2. From Madras to Mrs. Currie, his mother-in-law, about the upbringing of his and Lena's son, Hopetoun (later Lady Alice Stokes' husband) 20 September, 1874. 2pp.
      3. To Hopetoun Stokes, his son by his second marriage, on leaving for India for the I.C.S., written when staying with Sir Henry's brother, Dr. Whitley Stokes in Onslow Square, 19 November 1896. - A very moving letter revealing the current attitude towards service in India. ("Poor Billy" is Sir Henry's second son by his first wife. "The babby" was Letitia Stokes, only child of Dr. Whitley Stokes and Emily Stokes.
    15. Folder containing:
      1. Little New Year card, enclosing a photograph sent to Lady Stokes by her dirzee.
      2. Map. Sheet No. 53 O/7, Scale 1" = 1 mile: Almora and Naini Tal, 1920, 1st ed., publ. by Survey of India
      3. Pamphlet: 'History Repeating Itself', privately printed from the Madras mail of December 1879. For private circulation only. Government House, Ootacamund 1917. Satirical skit on the political situation in India, 18pp.
      4. Book of verses from J.A.T. to H.G.S. New Year 1938. (J.A.T. = Sir John Thorne, I.C.S., and H.G.S. = Sir Hopetown Gabriel Stokes). Most appeared in the Madras Mail.
      5. Annual report of the Nilgiri Ladies' Club, Ootacamund, in the year 1972-73.
      6. Lady Stokes' 5 letters of recommendation from:-
        1. L.M.H. Oxford from Miss H. Jex Blake, February 1918.
        2. St. John's College, Oxford - W. H. Hilton (Reader in Indian History)
          (iii-v) - et al.
      7. Xerox copy of the Royal Warrant of l0th April 1900 instituting the Kaiser-i-hind Medal, by Royal Warrants of 8th. July 1901, 9th July-1912, 2nd November 1933, 2pp.


  1. Three newspaper cuttings about Sir Henry Stokes (father of Sir Hopetoun Stokes) on his resignation from the I.C.S. in 1893.
  2. Visitors' Book 1930-35.
  3. (a-j)Annual Reports of the Nilgiri Ladies' Club, Ootacamund, 1930-70 (five missing). (Lady Stokes a founder member). Nilgiri Ladies' Club: Rules and Bye-Laws.
  4. Golden Jubilee number of the Ladies' Recreation Club, Madras 8, 1911-61.
  5. Booklet: Women's Work in Madras, published by the All-India Women's Conference, Madras, 1931.
  6. Annual: The Field - Madras, an All Sports Journal, Vol. 1 - No.12.
  7. Bound volume of Tamil official documents.

See also: Tape-Recordings, MT13 and MT14

Interviews with Mary Thatcher.

See also: Microfilms, MF 82,

Filmed by State Archives, Uttar Pradesh, Allahabad, 1857/1858:- Revenue Office, confiscations of villages etc. and satements showing names of natives who rendered valuable assistance to Government and officers during the Disturbances.

See also: Photographs, Box 48 (1 - 32) and Box 49 (33 - 73), plus 2 in L 15, plus Photo albums A127 (1 - 4), A128 (5, 6), A129 (7, 8).

Subjects include:-

  • Godaveri River, 1925 (mainly of Koya life)
  • 1925 tour of Calicut, Tellicherry, Cannanore, Mubridi, Mangalore, Mercara, Mysore, Bangalore.
  • Rajputana, Agra, Jaipur, Fatepur Sikri Delhi, Aden, 1922 - 1935.
  • Gingee, Pulicat. Interior scenes of Legislature Council, Madras 1931.
  • Interiors of Old Mess House, Chetput, 1923-26.
  • The Grange, Adyar, exterior and interior, 1926-35.
  • Madras, Ladies' Recreation Club, The Willingdon, Bombay, 1935.
  • Cochin: Maharaja's palace etc. Hampi, Khond dances Udayagiri;
  • Caveri Falls, Ajanta etc.
  • Inauguration of Pykara Dam 1933. (Power house, dam, etc.).
  • Nilgiri Hills.
  • Nilgiri Ladies' Club, purdah picnic etc. 1931-34.
  • Periya Lake and indigenous tribes
  • Gersoppa Falls, Metur Dam, Lambardis, Bellary, Penukonda, Chandagiri, Architectural ruins, Madras.
  • Delhi. U.P. and Rajputana 1922-23.

See also: Ciné films (on CSAS web pages)

Books donated, 27 books (archives: STK1-STK27)


Given by Professor Eric T. Stokes.

Gwalior: 1855-1857

  1. Article by Eric Stokes in the St. Catharine's College Society Magazine for September 1976, on the connection between St. Catharine's College and India, in particular relating to the life and work of George William Coopland, a Chaplain in the East India Company's Service, 1855, in Gwalior, who went out with his wife in 1856, arriving in January 1857. He was killed in the Mutiny. Mrs. Coopland escaped, and after extreme difficulties and dangers arrived in Bombay and finally returned safely to England.
  2. Review article of Constitutional Relations between Britain and India. The Transfer of Power 1942-7. Vol. I, The Cripps' Mission, January-April 1942. Editor-in-Chief, Nicholas Mansergh. Assistant Editor, E.W.R. Lumby. H.M.S.O., 1970, in The Historical Journal, Vol. XIV No.2 (1971) pp. 427-434, by Eric Stokes.
  3. Letter from E.W.R. Lumby to Professor Stokes on receipt of copy of review, commenting on the review.

(Small collections, box 22)


Ensign Thomas H. Stoton. A junior Army Offcer serving in the 21st Regiment, Madras Native Infantry from 1856.

Given by Mr C. Thomas.

18 letters or sections of letters from Ensign Stoton to his family at home (mainly his father). 1856-65. 11 of the letters were written in 1856 or 1857.

The letters start with Stoton's arrival in Madras evidently in the early autumn of 1856. At first he was sent to Cadet quarters about 14 miles from the city but he was soon assigned to the 21st Native Infantry. He was delighted with his posting to what was regarded as a 'crack' regiment. Later he says he was also pleased to be in the Madras Army where promotion would be by seniority rather than the Bengal Army where it was by purchase.

The 21st Native Infantry was located in 1856 at Palghat, well up-country in Malabar District. Stoton's letters give a clear picture of what army life was like for a young British officer just before the Mutiny. He describes the daily routine in the regimental bungalows and recreations such as horse-riding. His accounts suggest he was not completely attuned to the military life. He was clearly unhappy at the thought of blood and battlefields. Although he seems to have treated Indians somewhat harshly, he says he did not make it a practice to flog them. He constantly stresses the expenses faced by army officers and from time to time seeks financial assistance from the family. He describes the incompetence of his commanding officer and hopes he will retire before further injuries occur.

Stoton stresses that the regime was not an easy one. First bugle was sounded at 5 am. The biggest problem was being cut off from the outside world. Up-country in India was different from up-country in England. There were no shops. Enterprising individuals would fatten up animals and in due course would advertise that they were about to slaughter a pig. Above all there was the boredom of it all. You should try, he tells his family, an Indian 'up country station, which is acknowledged to be a refinement on the famous Siberian Exile' (f 36). Stoton appears to have considered moving into the Public Works Department as was possible for military officers. He asked his family to send out the necessary books on civil engineering.

The Mutiny did not directly affect Stoton's regiment in South India although it was moved to Trichinopoly to allow a regiment stationed there to be moved north. Stoton, himself, was not able to go to Trichinopoly immediately, as he was sick, apparently from a riding accident. Instead he was kept at Coimbatore. His letters of this time express his confidence in the officers involved in supressing the Mutiny and show the fear which gripped the European population. In Madras there was concern that the Muslims might rise and there was relief when Muharram passed without incident.

Army officers were constantly aware of the substantial component of Bengal native troops spread throughout all regiments and there was anxiety lest they provoke uprisings. Tension was heightened when reports were received of mutiny in portions of the Bombay 27th Native Infantry and the Madras 8th Light Cavalry - the latter on its way to the troubled districts. Stoton describes how one of his brother offcers sat in church (in the Collector's dining room) with his revolver loaded in front of him.

By 1860 Stoton's regiment was in Hong Kong and 5 letters remain from this period although 3 are only sections of complete letters. They would appear to have been kept because they contain pen-and-ink sketches. Stoton seems to have found the Chinese coast an irksome place in which to live. The climate was not good; colleagues were suffering from sickness and a number were dying. He says that there was no space in Hong Kong for riding. It had few of the luxuries of India. There were no punkas nor were there bathrooms. Barracks were built of bamboo rather than brick.

The last letter in the series is dated 13 November 1865 and comes from Calicut. Stoton reports that from the beginning of the month he had been made an Irregular and seemed to belong to no one. 66ff

(Small collections, box 22)


Given by Eric Stracey, (Indian police)

Restricted to the year 2010

TS Memoir: 'Odd Man In': (My years in the Indian Police 1943-1979) By Eric Stracey.


Given by M.M. Stuart

Bengal 1848-1962

Microfilm Box 17;

Letters by Emily Sandys and by her husband to her brother Robert Stuart, written from Sangor Island. Five letters undated but one describes her journey to India; others deal with life in India and a cholera epidemic at the school. Letter dated 12 January 1854 describes her husband's method of preaching to the crowds and her teaching at the school. Several letters from Mr. Sandys to Robert (first dated 16 June 1855) from Calcutta, giving details of their health and activities.

Letters written by Isabella Stuart to her brother Robert while in India - gives details of the day to day activities of the household. (Some of these letters are incomplete.)

Letters written by John Comb to Mr. and Mrs. Robert Stuart 1815-17. (Mrs. Julia Stuart is Comb's sister.) Four letters written while he is at Marizion after the wreck of his ship Delhi waiting for another vessel, dated 15 October 1815 until 17 January 1816 when he writes from Blackwall that he has been given command of the Swallow; 20 May 1816, Madras, comments on the good sailing qualities of Swallow and first trip to India, their ports of call in India, hope for appointment on another ship; stays in Calcutta in the hope of a shore job.

Box 1

  1. Envelope containing:-
    1. TS of one short story by Tagore. 13pp.
    2. Short story by Premendra Mitra. llpp. Translated and shortened by M.M. Stuart.
    3. TS short story - Down in the Delta, by M.M. Stuart. 13pp.
    4. The Last Round: Short story printed in Blackwoods Magazine for January 1962, (pp. 30-38), by M.M. Stuart.
  2. Confidential letter from V.H. Graham, District Officer at Mymensingh, dated 2 May 1932, to W.H. Nelson, the Commissioner, Dacca. M.M. Stuart's comments relating to general attitudes towards the Civil Disobedience Movement. 4pp.
  3. Notes by the District Magistrate (M.M. Stuart), Chittagong, 1942-45. An account of war conditions in his district. TS. 48pp.
  4. "Dispensing with Justice". Description of the work of a magistrate. TS. 9pp.
  5. Newspaper cuttings of a series of articles by M.M.S entitled: Echoes of The Past in East Bengal, from the Pakistan Observer, 1949-50. 32 articles plus list of subjects in the articles.
  6. Pamphlet: John Murdoch - pioneer in Christian literature, by Jessie H. Mair. United Society for Christian Literature - Perth 1976.
  7. Book: My Life and Times as a Magistrate in Bengal in the Age of Gold, an autobiography by Clifford Noronha. Privately published and printed in Calcutta (1975).

    Autobiography of an Anglo-Indian who joined the I.C.S. in 1921 and served in Bengal until his retirement. He started the Christian Cooperative Credit Union in Calcutta and the Christian Cooperative Enterprises, as a way of helping the indigent Anglo-Indians and others of Calcutta, who were in the hands of money lenders. He is critical of India and Indians in their attitude to service, and gives a good description of Anglo-Indian attitudes and attributes.

  8. Letter from C.C. Noronha in Calcutta to Mr. M.M. Stuart dated 20 October 1975.
  9. Small MS notebook entitled, "Extracts from Alick's letters to me". The writer was the wife of A.S. Wilson, 1854-1881, a tea-planter in the Cachar District, Assam; these are copies from a very few letters covering years December 1874-1880, mostly domestic, describes what they eat, and a day's work in a tea-garden. Has taught some coolies to play cricket. P.A. murdered by Nagas, etc.
  10. TS article by M.M. Stuart on Hugh Cleghorn, Professor of Civil History, University of St. Andrews, c. 1795; written 1971, (10 pp).
  11. (a-c) 3 xerox letters dated 1796 and 1797
  12. Shikar diaries dated 1865 belonging to Walter McCullock, Adwall, Kirkudbrightshire.
  13. Short note on the shikar diaries by M.M. Stuart.
  14. (a) Xerox copy of pamphlet - A Trip to the Berhampooter Churs, by Thane, from 13 March to 10 April. Mirzapore, 1866. (shikar).
  15. (b) Xerox copy of pamphlet: Reminiscences of Malda, by Thane, Mirzapore 1867. 7pp.
  16. Xerox copy of TS Postgraduate Seminar, Bengal: Past and Present. Paper for discussion on 10 November 1971, Hindu-Muslim unity in Noakhali, 1922: Hindu-Muslim disorder in Dacca, 1928. 14pp. (Restrictions on use).
  17. Xerox copy of TS synopsis of papers with Brigadier Greenfield, late of Fascadale, Argyll, entitled "Marrying in the East". 3pp.
  18. TS synopsis of Balfour/Balbirnie papers. These are in Wainwright and Mathews and N.R.S. (Scot). 15pp.
  19. TS article "Chuadanga", by M.M. Stuart (a village in mid Bengal) referring to Scott-Moncrieff. (q.v.) 4pp.
  20. Xerox of MS copy of a 'Narrative of the escape of Mrs. Mill and her children from Fyzabad, Oudh, during the great Indian Mutiny in 1857'. 18pp. True copy. Narrative of Mrs. Mill copied from one written by Mrs. Brown from Mrs. Mill's statement. Calcutta, November 4th 1858.
  21. Booklet: 'Memorandum on the Withdrawal in 1877 of our Native Embassy from Cabul'.
  22. Programme of the visit of Lord and Lady Wavell to Bengal in April 1944.
  23. Watercolour sketch of Nicholson's Monument, Margulla Pass. (location - L15)
  24. Illustrated Weekly of 8 February 1922: The Indian Viceroyalty 1858-1922.
  25. Poem: 'Career' by M.M. Stuart
  26. Four unnamed undated photographs.
    1. Street scene - India.
    2. (-)School in India. 3 Female European (-) teachers with children.
    3. Group of Indian children.
    4. Unidentified man and woman.

See also: Books rm.19

  • Stu1 - Pramilla, a memoir by Agnes Janaki Penelope Majundar
  • Stu2 - Chronicles of the Cumming Club, and Memories of Old Academy Days (MDCCCXLI - MDCCCXLVI)
    Compiled by Lt.Col. Alexander Ferguson, historiographer to the club. Publ. Edindurgh University Press MDCCCLXXXVII.
  • Stu3 - Sambo Sahib by Elizabeth Hay. Publ. Harris Publishing, Edinburgh.

See also: Tape-Recordings

  • MT15(a)About collecting for Cambridge South Asian Archive and
    (b)Life in Bengal I.C.S.
  • MT16(a)Partition: life in Pakistan after 1947 and
    (b)Experience of Partition in Lahore, 1947 (with Col. Scotland)


(Col. Robert Stuart, later Major General)

Given by T.J.A. Hunter

Microfilm Box No. 21

MS copies of letters written to the Begum Samru, at Serdhaneh, by Robert Stuart while a prisoner at Tanassar in the Punjab, March-September 1791. They are preceded by a map of the area, a very interesting introduction by K.A. Moody-Stuart which includes the story of the Begum Samru and which gives a glimpse of the state of affairs on the borders of the British possions in Bengal at a time when several European and native powers were striving for mastery in Hindustan and ends with a list of Hindustani words used in the letters.


Given by J. Stubbs, O.B.E., I.C.S.

U.P. 1871-1943

  1. File containing 6 MS memoranda on the Indian situation, written by Mr J. Stubbs between 22-10-1939 and 7-9-1943, during his period as Collector at Mathura, U.P.
    1. An appreciation of the present position, 22 October 1939. Notes on the state of India from the Munich crisis to the outbreak of war and immediately after. Assessment of the position and speculation of the alternatives open to the Government, Congress and Muslims; Gandhi's influence. 8pp.
    2. A similar appraisal written on 23 November 1939 after the Congress minorities had resigned. 6pp.
    3. A note written while on leave in Naini Tal, 11 August 1940 after the Viceroy's offer for Dominion Status etc. 4pp.
    4. Appreciation of the situation written from the Collector's House, Bulandshahr, on 12 July 1942 after re-reading notes 1, 2 and 3. A full appraisal. 8pp.
    5. Paper entitled, The Wardha Resolution: is it a parody of Cripps' offer 19 July 1942. 2pp
    6. Final memorandum written from Naini Tal, 7 September 1943. The whole situation seen from a different viewpoint from the east of the Province (U.P.). 5pp.
  2. Folder containing 7 TS articles written by Mr. Lawrence M. Stubbs (Mr. J. Stubbs' father).
    1. The Indian Villager and other things: An incident recorded in the handing over notes of a small district in the U.P., which included a volume of reports covering 1857-58. District Etawah (near Agra), opposite Bundelkhand which figures the District Officer, who was A.E. Hume and a band of mutineers.
    2. Gossip about Tigers: Anecdotes about shikar, its political and social implications and ramifications and stories of various shooting experiences.
    3. Locusts: Account of combating locusts in the district of Muttra, U.P. 1929/30. Methods of dealing with swarms, eggs and hoppers and involving the population in their extermination.
    4. Congress: Reasons for success of Congress party at elections (1937); source of funds; consequences of centralised taxation of wealthy Indian classes; result of decline in power of District Officers. Survey of Opposition party and policy and support. Note on Zemindar system in U.P. and the decline of Zemindar and the Government. 8pp
    5. Extracts from The Draconian, (School Magazine of the Dragon School, Oxford) No.58 for December 1907 and (No.59) for April 1908, of Recollections, by L.M. Stubbs of his early days at the Dragon School. pp. 869-870 and 908-910 (also a brief memorial of Bobbie Johnson, April 1938).
    6. TS copy of an article on The White Paper, (1935). Attempt to resolve the discrepancy in opinions towards the necessity for and effect of the White Paper, by hypothetical example of two different types of administrators - Pitfalls in elections; octroi tax. The categories of people in favour of change. 8pp.
    7. A printed extract from The National Review, pp. 615-623 on Some Riots in Upper India, by T.X. (pseud. for L.M. Stubbs). Discourse on reasons for riots and instances of riots in Cawnpore in 1900, 1913, 1927 and 1931, their causes, protagonists and part played by Congress and the District Magistrates. Riot in Bareilly in 1922; causes, control and consequences of riots - Hindus and Muslims and rioting.
  3. A Monograph on Ivory Carving in the North-Western Provinces and Oudh, by L.M. Stubbs. Printed by Government Press, 1900. 14pp.
  4. Book: (Given by Mrs. Stubbs). Indian domestic economy and receipt book, by Dr, R. Riddell. 7th edition rev. Calcutta, Thacker Spink and Co. 1871. (Archives:- (54):64)


Given by Sir Eric Studd

Microfilm No. 4

Series of letters and journals in 9 volumes

  • Letters written to his mother describing the preparations for the King's visit in 1911, and a long letter describing the Durbar on 12 December 1911
  • Letter from A.D. Hickley also describing the Durbar with comments on the formation of new provinces and capitals announced in the King's speech.
  • The Nepal shoot, 12-25 November 1924. Describes other members of the party and gives details of the shoot.
  • Visit to Nepal, November 1925. Description of journey to Khatmandu, the Nepal valley, Khatmandu and other towns visited, and return journey to Calcutta.
  • Masonic tour of India 1927-28. Journal and details of places visited and functions and entertainments given for the deputation.
  • Grand Lodge Deputation Journal 1927-28. Journal of the tour giving places and dates.
  • Shooting trip to Berar, Christmas 1928. Description of journey by train and car, and details of the shoot.
  • Dooars shooting trip, February 1929. Inspections of new tea gardens and the details of the shooting party and the game shot.
  • Apalchand shoot, April 1929. Journey to Jalpaiguri, inspection of tea gardens and description of the shoot and animals killed.
  • Walking tour through Sikkim September-October 1930. Description of the scenery, plants and flowers, and their day-to-day journeys.

See also FILMS: (and in 'small collections':- Grand Lodge Deputation, inter alia, above - list of ciné film scenes shot between November 1927 and October 1930.)


(Mrs. E. Swanepoel)

MS copies of Lepcha songs from Sikkim collected by Major Waddell, LL.D., F.L.S., Indian Army Medical Corps, and reproduced in his book Among the Himalayas, London, 1899.

Four pp, of music and words written out by Mrs. Swanepoel with TS notes.

(Small collections, box 22)


(April Swayne-Thomas, artist. 1940-45, Karachi; 1945-47, extensive travel throughout India; 1952-54, Hyderabad.)

Book:- in S.A.S. lib. (540):8-94. Indian Summer - A Mem-sahib in India and Sind
Publ. New English Library Ltd., 1981. ISBN: 0 450 04850 0.


  1. Corrected galley proof for Indian Summer.
  2. Folder containing some of the original typescript sections for Indian Summer.
  3. Illuminated script card presented on the departure of "Madame and Col. Swayne-Thomas, Architectural Planning Consultant to Government of Pakistan, Sind, Hyderabad, on behalf of this establishment...."
  4. Several very amusing, illustrated letters, signed only with a flower [Geoffrey?]
  5. Diaries; 1942, 1943


Diaries; 1944-50


Diaries; 1951/53/54


Diaries; 1955-59


Variety of pencil, crayon and watercolours, including some originals of those in the above Indian Summer.
Some are loose and some are in paper folders, as follows:-
  • black card; with conceptual sketch for a mural (destination not known)
  • green card, with the Twangy-wangy man teasing cotton: the inside of April Swayne-Thomas's Dak Bungalow,
  • loose; includes Christmas greetings: Quetta sunset: Quetta market: "sketches": Punjabi woman,
  • polythene bag; includes 6 prints by Manishi Dey showing the dress of Punjabi, Mawari, Madrasi, Maratti, Bengali, and Malayali women: photos,
  • folder, "Misc."; includes mostly roughs, developments etc., Sikh head: Dacca: interior of Fort Madras,
  • folder(C), "Quetta, Sukkur, Rhori"; includes Mosque - Hala: the Tombs of the Mirs: a beggar at the Mosque: women at Hatri: Hala: little Sindhi girl: Sindhi milkman: Bunyer's Bhito: snake charmers: the old Derzy: Hala potters and lacquer workers: Indus boats,
  • folder(D), "Lucknow and Cawnpore"; includes "Dilkusha" the "Happy Heart" - one time home of the last King of Ouad: In Memoriam - on this spot stood the House of Massacre, July 1857: the Residency - Lucknow,
  • folder(E), "Benares (Kashi) and Burning Ghats"; includes views of the Bramahputra: Benares and the pontoon bridge over the Ganges: the courtyard of the Durga temple: temples by the river: the Burning Ghat: blind weaver: boys and man weaving gossamer saris in old shed,
  • folder(F), "Assam"; includes sketches of river boats: Bramahputra river scenes: the Barak river: scenes from the Chittagong station and club,
  • folder(J), "Hyderabad, Sind"; includes tombs of the Mirs at sunset: green house in the sunset: Mau--'s Church - Jalapahar: derelict mosque in the Sind desert,
  • folder, "Kalimpong and Gangtok"; includes scenic sketches: on the way to Tiger Hill: the Enché monastery and Lama on horseback: the bridge over the Teesta: the nunnery: studies of people,
  • folder, "Calcutta"; includes Park Street Burying Ground (a cemetery of great historical interest - all the notables of the late 18th century...): Sir William Jones' Tomb: Rose Aylmer's Tomb: Job Charnok's Tomb,
  • folder, "Calcutta, Government House"; includes Warren Hastings throne: the Council Chamber and Warren Hastings' Chair: Hastings' House: bodyguard in the entrance hall/huge marble vases to the right and left of the bronze gates: the Yellow drawing room (with portrait of Queen Alexandra in Coronation robes at far end): the oldest chandelier in Government House (on circular corridor to main bedrooms...): looking through the Dining room to the Throne room,
  • folder, "Konarak and Puri"; includes stone figures at Konarak: buildings of Puri: the temple guardian: detail of a Marsula boat (odd shaped mango wood planks sewn together): sacred cow in white plaster - Puri: the Tiger Gate to the Jaggernath Temple: the Elephant gateway in Ram Chandi Temple: the Monkey Gateway to the Ram Chandi Goddess Temple: the Jaggernath Temple (unfinished): Hannuman the Monkey God,
  • folder, "Delhi, Agra, Rampur, Jodhpur"; includes Jahangir's tomb and gardens: Agra mosque: Shri Pabu Ji - killed in battle 1266 (from a frieze of Heroes in coloured plaster): St. John's church, Old Delhi (where Geoffrey's father had been Chaplain, 1910-12): bronze statue of John Nicholson (killed during the Seige of Delhi, 1857): window in the Khasbagh: Rampur/Khasbagh: cut-glass sofa, chairs and stool in the Fort Palace at Rampur and hall-marked English silver side-cabinet (most ornate): the mess and the camp at Mathon,


  • two sketches of décor/murals of BOAC dining room
  • mural detail - Venus and her Doves - dining room side wall
  • mural detail - Icarus - dining room side wall
  • mural detail - waiters - above bar
  • male tribal dress
  • tree in oil
  • trees in water colour
  • preliminary sketch of bullock-drawn cart
  • four sketches - puppet/puppeteer/drummers
  • water colour of reeds
  • three portraits of young men
  • bear playing with oranges
  • three dancers
  • water carrier in costume
  • portrait of old man
  • painting of old man
  • child
  • singer
  • water carriers in costume
  • two ladies
  • Sindhi with children
  • water carrier
  • children
  • five water colours "Going to the well"
  • lady's face
  • young man
  • lady's face
  • Marwari children
  • water carrier
  • male water carrier
  • two horses rampant
  • folder - Jacobabad week, some Baluchi Khans - includes "The Dinner Party" and "The Injection"
  • folder, "Pehawar and Malakhand"; includes ruined Fort at Talpur Cote: On the way to Ziarat: "Jirgha" (very cold) in Peshawar city: Peshawar City: photos of drawings of two Lundi Khotal Parthans: fortified village and Muslim graves on the way to Kohat: Malakand: the political agent's bungalow Malakhand, Swat border: Chakdara fort, Swat valley: Hassan Abdl, Punjab: Kassadars on the Inzari Kandar: fortified house in tribal territory,
  • folder(H), "Americans in Karachi"; includes first and second treatments of 'Welcome to Karachi': Hello, George: the Jeep: the shoe-shine boys: motorcycle: - - waggon,
  • folder(I), "Karachi, Bunder boats, Handover etc."; includes 'odd black and white sketches'; studies of fruit seller with child (Old Asloo): the Sooter-Booter: bazaar coolies: the cook's family. Oyster rocks and sand dunes: dhows and Bunder boats: washing the camels (x2): working camels: fishermen: boats: fishermen with nets: at the races: coolies at the post: knife sharpener:
  • folder(K, incl. C), "North West Frontier"; includes Police Mosque, Quetta (x2): scenic - on the way to Pishin and the Rock, Sukkur: Rohri on the Indus (2 views): Hassan Abdl, from the roof of the Dak bungalow,
  • kishti at night (in oils)
  • folder(A), "Khyber, Afridi tribesmen"; nine photos of sketches of sepoys of the Khyber Rifles
  • folder "Dacca"; the Khali Temple on the old maidan, Dacca
  • folder "Circus sketches etc."; the puppet show
  • . Hyderabad . Improvement . To . Central . Market . (1 and 2.)
  • child
  • bear wrestling
  • man in white suit and turban
  • two studies of outrigger yachts (Bunder boats)
  • family on the station at Hyderabad
  • violinist
  • man with walking stick
  • black and white market scene
  • Nabhi boy
  • Sitar player (x2)
  • bride
  • street seller
  • beggar
  • mother and child, mother and children
  • dancer and drummer
  • the Malik's son and a Khassadar
  • studies in clothes (x5)
  • rifleman
  • Handover Day - prelim. sketch: waiting for the Mounbattens: parade: flags: the salute,
  • bear dancing
  • bullock cart
  • the mosque of the Siamese cats, Manora (x3)
  • folder "Library and prayer wheel, Gangtok";
  • folder "the Great Buddha";
  • folder "Lama priest and Acolytes";
  • empty folder "Jetti a Lepcha woman" and "Tibetan girl and baby"
  • folder "carved wooden masks for the Priest's dances"
  • black folder; includes solid silver bed, couches, tables, chairs etc.in State bedroom, Rampur Fort (x3): throne room, Govt. House: three Jagganath cars: the Massacre Ghat, Cawnpore: two studies of children: monk with prayer beads: monk and man: monk and man with dog: women carrying churns (x2): monks blowing the radongs at sunrise:
  • odds and ends and scraps


  • Envelope containing:-
    • folder "I.G.H. Murals: Description of Scenes"
      • Jodhpur: a royal wedding procession
      • Jodhpur street scene
      • Sindh: a scene at a mela (fair)
      • South Indian lake scene
    • four panoramic photos of completed murals
    • period sketch "Flying, 1911" to decorate side wall
    • exterior pub (Ye Anchorage) drinking scene
    • suggestion for food and drink design to decorate wall over kitchen door
    • dancers
    • two photos of Can-Can dancers
    • photo "Auprés de ma Blonde"
  • polythene bag containing script of fairy tale "The adventures of Balu Bahardur" (27pp. in three chapters) and 12 original coloured illustrations on hardboard
    • front cover
    • 3 bears
    • village people (under a neem tree)
    • bear and dogs
    • man and bear
    • grand trunk road
    • 2 bears and people
    • snake charmers
    • 2 bears and goat
    • Raja, 2 bears, etc.
    • boat
    • 2 bears chasing people
  • brown paper package containing
    • print of Tunbridge Wells from Mount Edgcumbe
    • print - M. Joh: Ernestus Gründler von Weissensee in Thüringen Könige Danischer Missionarius zu Tranquebar in OstIndien
    • print - Et med Pukkeloxer forspaendt Hindukjöretöi. (Madras)
    • print - Dowlutabad, i Ostindien (x2)
    • page description - Dowlutabad
    • print - Hurduwar, in Ostindien
    • print - Puppanassum
    • print - Moti-Musjet, Pallast der Mogul-Kaiser in Agra
    • print - Cootub Minar, Ruinen von Delhi, Ostindien
    • print - Der Felsen-Tempel, zu Ellora
    • print - Grosser Hindu-Tempel, bey Tritchencore in Hindostan
    • print - Elephanta
    • print - Benares in Bengalen, die heilige Stadt der Hindus
    • print - Die Seil Brücke Bey Tiri, in Hindostan
    • print - Church Mission House, Black Town, Madras
    • print - Naval Hospital, Madras
    • cutting - The Entry of ye Dutch General into Cochin
    • colour print - Madras
    • colour print - Fort St. George on the Coromandel Coast (publ. 1794)
    • colour print - Western entrance of Fort St. George (1812)
    • colour print - Madras (1833)
    • colour print - St. Mary's Church, Madras (1842)
    • colour print - Ourr Durgam. The head of the pass into the Barrah Mauhl (1805)
    • colour print - A mosque at Strupermador (1804)
    • colour print - A view from the Royal Artillery encampment, Conditore (1804)
    • large book - A collection of sketches of the monuments in St. Mary's Church, Fort St, George, in twelve [eleven] plates, with their respective inscriptions, drawn and engraved by Just Gantz. Madras, 1823. To Lady Munro, in gratitude for her patronage
  • Brown paper package tied with string, "Cartoons for murals etc."; containing
    • 3 photos of mural "H.R.H. the Prince Regent makes an excursion to the Toad Rock"
    • 5 line roughs for BOAC dining room murals
    • 7 scraps and layouts for murals
    • "Calverley Crescent"
    • "Betsy Sheridan writes her Journal in the Grove"
    • "The New Bandstand - Calverley Grounds"
    • "A walk on the Pantiles"
    • "London Nights"
    • "London Restaurant"
    • "Paris"
    • "The Picnic"
    • tracing paper - "Bathers by the Serpentine" (x2)
    • tracing paper - The Bird Man of Hyde Park"
    • "Dressing Room"
    • "Berwick Market"
    • [Fair on] "Hampstead Heath"
    • Dancers
    • "The Picnic" - Canteen wall
    • "Ball Room" - New Restaurant, Great Eastern Hotel, Calcutta
    • tracing paper - Bathing Party
    • mounted - Bathers
    • "-- -- Gymkhana Club" (Spanish dancers, bullfighters etc.)
See also


  • The Story of India, F.R. Moraes (Archive: Misc. 146)
  • Some Ancient Cities of India, Stuart Piggott (Archive: Misc. 147)
  • Delhi, The Imperial City, R.C. Aurora (Archive: Misc. 148)
  • Fascinating India, Jane Ray (Archive: Misc. 149)
  • Indian Embers, Lady Lawrence (Archive: Misc. 150)
  • The Ordinary Man's India, A. Claude Brown (Archive: Misc. 151)
  • Indian Summer, April Swayne-Thomas (Archive: Misc. 152)
  • A Handbook to Agra and the Taj, E.B. Havell (Archive: Misc. 153)
  • A Guide to The Residency, Lucknow, (leaflet, abridged account of Hilton's Guide to Lucknow and The Residency, Edward H. Hilton) (Archive: Misc. 154)
  • Hilton's Guide to Lucknow and The Residency, Edward H. Hilton) (Archive: Misc. 155)
  • Calcutta, A Book for Visitors, (2 off, Archive: Misc. 156/7)
  • Brief Summary of History of Sri Sadhbella Tirath, Sukkur (Sind) (Archive: Misc. 158)


Mr G. Sweeney was in the Royal Signals Corps of the British Army serving on the North-West Frontier between 1926 and 1931.

Given by Mr Sweeney.

'Army days, 1924-31'. Typescript memoir, dated 1983. A lively account by a wireless operator of life and conditions for an ordinary soldier on the Frontier. He describes riots perpetrated by Redshirts against British Administration. 26 ff.

(Small collections, box 22)


(Mrs. May Sweet)

Given by The Revd. J.P.M. Sweet, grandson of May Sweet.

Shillong, Assam: 1897

Xeroxed copy of a letter from May Sweet to her sister Mrs. Godfrey dated 28th June 1897 from Shillong. Graphic description of the earthquake which left Shillong in ruins. 7pp.

(Small collections, box 22)


Bernard Winthrop Swithinbank, I.C.S. Appointed to Service (Burma Commission) 1909; Commissioner, Pegu Division 1933-42; Adviser to the Secretary of State for Burma 1942.

Papers given by Mr Charles Swithinbank (son).


File 1

  1. 94 letters dated August 1916-April 1917 and exchanged between Mr Swithinbank and Miss Dorothea Molesworth. The couple married in April 1917. Copy of telegram evidently sent on Miss Molesworth's acceptance of Mr Swithinbank's proposal of marriage.
  2. 25 letters from Mr Swithinbank to Mrs Swithinbank. August 1917-October 1921.
  3. 8 letters from Mr Swithinbank to Mrs Swithinbank. September 1928-June 1951.
File 2
  1. File of 48 letters and two telegrams from Dora (Ma Than E) to Mr Swithinbank written between March 1943 and March 1953. Also one letter of 26 July 1965 written by Ma Than E to Mrs Swithinbank.
    [Ma Than E, who had been born in 1909, was a Burmese friend of Mr Swithinbank's and held posts in the United States in the 1940s. In 1949 she was working for the United Nations in the Educational Section of the Special Services Division of the Department of Public Information. Later she worked in the Radio Division of the United Nations.]
  2. Envelope containing 3 photographs of Ma Than E.
File 3
  1. Miscellaneous personal correspondence relating to Mr Swithinbank's time in Burma. Includes letters from colleagues who had retired from Burma; petitions relating to crimes which would have been dealt with by Mr Swithinbank in his official capacity; and other memorabilia. Letter of 4 January 1932 from Sir Charles Innes, Governor of Burma, thanking Mr Swithinbank after a visit to his District, Pakokku. 'I must congratulate you on the state of your district. You have it in most excellent order and I have no doubt that it was largely due to you personally that Pakokku has been so peaceful during these last disturbed months.'
  2. Two copies of a diary of 'Jungle Travel in Burma: 4th to 15th March 1926' by Eric Molesworth. Initially the party on this jungle expedition was made up of the author, Mrs Swithinbank, a nurse named Rosa, and the Swithinbanks' daughter Jane, aged 18 months.
    They travelled by train from Pegu to Penwegon from where they continued west in two ancient Fords. On 5 March they reached a jungle bungalow at Daing Taya where they remained for two days to wait for Mr Swithinbank to join them. The party then travelled on with four elephants and two ponies. There are descriptions of the jungle vegetation, orchids, the wildlife and of the pleasures of camping and swimming in jungle pools. The final stages of the journey were marred by the murder by one of the mahouts of his wife after a quarrel. On March 15 they arrived at Penzalok from where they returned to Pegu by train. Typescript, 18ff.
  3. Text of a paper read at a meeting of the National Council of Women in Burma on 20 March. The paper was on Burmese inscriptions particularly those set up by the ladies of Pagan. The first page of the paper is missing and the writer is unidentified. Typescript, 9ff.
  4. Report of the Bribery and Corruption Enquiry Committee, 1940. Rangoon: Suptd., Govt. Printing and Stationery, Burma, 1940. [Mr Swithinbank was Chairman of the Committee.]
  5. Photocopies of passages from books, articles and letters relating to Mr Swithinbank. 9 items.


File 1

Further donation of about 70 of Mrs Swithinbank's letters written in 1914 and 1915 mainly to her father.

File 2

Collection of about 30 letters to or from Mrs Swithinbank written between 1916 and 1958. Some are additional letters to her father. File includes press cuttings, other ephemera and text of two articles written as D. Molesworth in issues of the World Magazine of about 1925 with the title 'My jungle jaunts: an Englishwoman's experiences in Burma'.


Burma. By Max and Bertha Ferrars. London: Sampson Low, Marston and Co., 1900. (Archive MISC. 160).


(Rev. M.G. Sykes, I.C.S.)

Bound volume of Sessions Judgements, Chittoor Division, Madras State, before Judge M.G. Sykes, 1919-22.

Books presented:

  • Hill, S.C. The Life of Claud Martin. Calcutta, 1901. (Rm.19 - SK1)
  • The Code of Criminal Procedure 1898 ... as modified up to 1 April 1900. Calcutta, 1900. (Rm.19 - 54.343)
  • The Indian Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860) as modified up to 1 July 1899. Calcutta, 1899. (Rm.19 - 54.343)


(R.S. Symons)

  1. Four foolscap sheets of diary in TS and MS by Mrs. Symons, of a journey to Lucknow from Bijnor in 1931.
  2. Thirty-six photographs of the journey as an accompaniment to the diary. (Box L15)

(See also in Symon's letter of 9 January 1969, in the correspondence file)

(Small collections, box 22)