Centre of South Asian Studies


Handlist of Papers - O


Small Collections Box 18

Sir Ralph Oakden entered the Indian Civil Service in 1894 and served in various posts in the United Provinces until his retirement in 1931. Between 1928 and 1930 he was Senior Member, Board of Revenue, Lucknow. 

Given by Mrs D.A.N. Brown. 

  1. 1920. Forest Department notice. No. 1027/XIV - 208. List of birds, English and Hindustani names, with dates of close time for shooting in each area of U.P. in accordance with section 3 of the Wild Birds and Animals Protection Act, 1912 (VIII of 1912). 2pp.
  2. 1921. Forest Department notice. Rules for hunting, shooting, fishing, poisoning of water, and setting of traps and snares in U.P. 5pp. 
  3. 1921. Printed letter from H.S. Crosthwaite, I.C.S., M.L.C. (Secretary to Government) to the Chief Conservator of Forests, U.P. listing restrictions imposed by Government on tiger shooting in reserved forests to prevent imminent extermination of tigers. 2pp. 
  4. 1915. Personal game register for shooting party of five people. 


(E.F. Oaten, I.E.S.) 

'Memories of India.' 

First years in India; early impressions of Calcutta; at the Presidency College, 1909-14; travels, 1909-15; at the Presidency College, 1914-16; with Probyn's horse, 1916-19; College Principal and Assistant Director of Public Instruction, 1919-22; last two years as Assistant Director, 1922-24; Director of Public Instruction, 1924-27; Director of Public Instruction 1927-28; reflections. 


Small Collections Box 18

Given by Colonel H.A. Oatts 

TS copy of 'Indigo Saga.' 1845-95. 20 pp. 

Foreword; note on his family and their connection with indigo production in Bengal; early history of the trade, details of growing the crop, the life of the planters, the losses caused by drought; James Tweedie and Henry Oatts partnership; extracts from letters written by Oatts about the industry and the mutiny; forming of the Indigo Planters Corps as a volunteer movement; wife and children sent to Calcutta for safety by the indigo boats; the years following the mutiny; transfer of the Government of India to the Crown; difficult position of the planters after the mutiny and transfer of Government; later improvement in the industry; deaths of planters and families from dysentry; final collapse of the indigo planters caused by the German discovery of aniline dye. 


(Major General Sir David Ochterlony) 

Given by Miss Ochterlony 

Microfilm Box 2 No. 20B

Published account of the life of Sir David Ochterlony, 1758-1825. The original notes were collected by Charles M. Ochterlony and added to by David ? Ochterlony 3rd Bart., who published the account. His note in the foreword is dated Edinburgh, November 1902. 

See also SHOWERS, L.J. - BOX II envelope B 


Lent by Sir David Ogilvy 

Microfilm Box 5 No. 38

Financial affairs of William Ogilvy. Letter about furlough 1834. Ruling about cancelled leave 1826 signed C. Lushington, Chief Secretary to the Government in Council. 

Official letters of appointment about leave, salary etc. 

Bills, receipts, promissory notes, accounts sent by the Government Agent's office, Fort William, Calcutta, Serampore, Futtapore, Allahabad. 

Letter of 4 February 1835 to David Hore Esq., Officiating Joint Magistrate of Belah, requesting a revision of the sentences passed on two prisoners, and confessing to improperly admitting a witness without examining his deposition properly. Long scrawled draft report on the above matter with no date. 

148 bills received and paid by Ogilvy 1830-35, covering all aspects of life in India. 

Album of photographs taken in 1894-95 and 1897: Deoti, Dharmsala, Darnal, Mysore, Annandale, Barrackpore, Agra; photo-etchings from Calcutta; the wreck of the Warren Hastings, 1897; Gohna lake and dam. 

See also: memorandum written by Mr. M.M. Stuart on William Ogilvy in Ogilvy correspondence file. 


Arthur Oram 

Given by Mrs. J. Oram 

N.W.F.P., Punjab 1909-1947 


  1. Thirty-one diaries of Arthur Oram from the years 1909-1917 and 1922-1947. 

    The diaries of Arthur Oram speak of his work predominantly in the N.W.F.P. Punjab, and Baluchistan in the PWD as an engineer. The work consisted mainly of building bridges, aquaducts, dams. Factual statements of his work. No opinion given. Accounts are kept at the end of each diary. 1909 several hand drawn sketches of his work. 1914 - work on aqueduct at Mardan N.W.F.P. In February various skirmishes on the border with Wazirs. Raids and looting. General Blomfield and staff stayed in his bungalow and conducted army operations. In November he took a course in musketry. More skirmishes near his work in 1915. 1922-23 - Opening of the Chenab River Bridge near Khanki. November 1937 in Gilgit hearing various cases over labour disputes in the construction of an aerodrome. The R.A.F. provided him with Hawker Hunt single engined biplanes (see photographs - folder 4 and Album 4). There is a detailed explanation of the dispute on December 6, 1917 in Mianwalli working on a railway. 1923-24 and 1925 mostly in Khanki. 1929-31 at Fort Sandeman, Baluchistan. 1943-46 at Secunderabad. He describes the medical care and death of his sister Emily in September 1942. Also mentions on leaving India in April 1947 that he gave his servant, who had been with him for 17 years Rs.720 as a bonus.

  2. One diary of Emily Oram for 1925. 

    Emily Oram's diary for 1925 notes down her daily social events - totally factual and no opinions or attitudes are given. Accounts and visits are recorded.

  3. Envelope containing:
    • 3 servants' addresses in 1935. 3pp.
    • Servants' wages for 1935.
    • Bill from Medoo Mal and Durga Das, tailors and outfitters in Lahore to Emily Oram, 1926.
    • Remittance from L. Richards & Co., general drapers in Lahore to Emily Oram, 1926.
    • Advertisement for miniature paintings and photography (early 1920's) Delhi.
    • Programme of Delhi Durbar Polo Tournament, December 11, 1911.
    • Letts Diaries School and College supplement.


Additional Material

  1. Three diaries for 1918 and 1919. 1918 notes in detail his daily survey work for the Jalalabad Canal Project in Afghanistan and his various interviews with the Amir Habib 'ullah. 1919 covers the Assassination of the Amir, military and political events, and succession of the new Amir, Aman-ullah.
  2. Letters of Miss Emily Oram, sister of Arthur Oram. Punjab, United Provinces, N.W.F.P. Baluchistan. 1920-1936.
    • 222 dated letters to her sisters Isa and Greta in England. Mainly personal, a record of social events in Khanki, Lahore and Nathia Gall. Describes bridge parties, golf, tennis, river picnics, dances at the Club, duck shooting expeditions, amateur theatricals. Chief concerns are the random receipt of mail and arrival of parcels from home in response to her requests for knitting wool, napkins and clothing. Occasionally accompanies her brother Arthur, an Engineer in the P.W.D., on his inspection of bridges, aquaducts, dams, headworks. Also brief description of social life in the hills during the hot season in Dalhousie and Mussoorie and life on board ship on journeys home on leave. Few references to events in India or to her brother's work. 
    • 83 undated letters. Mainly personal, two written from Melton Mowbray on a period of leave.

See also: Photographs


Sir Hugh Orange K.B.I., C.B., C.I.E. 

India general: 1902 - 1907 

Given by Andrew Orange (grandson) 

Sir Hugh Orange was the first Director General of Education in India based in Simla. The papers cover the years 1902-1907. The seven typewritten folders give a concise picture of his first years in India. There are many brief references to Lord Curzon throughout the letters. He mentions by name everyone he meets, also the official postings in Simla, but seldom touches on any of his work in education. 

The first two folders are his introductory notes to the letters written in 1942 to his parents, and give a table of contents listing subjects and people most encountered and with whom he worked. At the beginning of each of the folders and where his cold weather tours occurred will be found a synopsis of the contents of the letters and an itinerary of the tours, dates and the houses he stayed in. He mentioned that he has omitted all "comments on controversial matters such as the retirement of Sir J. Bampfylde Fuller". There is a detailed archive catalogue list for each box. 


Folder I: 

Notes on Lord Curzon, Sir Power Palmer, Lord Kitchener, Sir Denzil and Lady Ibbetson, Sir Edmond Ellis, General C.H. Scott, John Prescott Hewett, Sir H. Risley, Sir Walter Lawrence, H.W. Carnduff, J.O. Miller, R. Nathan, Col. Sir J. Dunlop Smith. 51 ff. 

Folder 2: 

Notes on Sir Harold A. Stuart, General Bomford, Sir John Marshall, Sir Charles Rivaz, Bishop George Lefroy, E.D. Maclagan, W. Bell - he talks of the military people in Simla and comments on the housing sites of the Punjab Government there; from education: C. W. Waddington of the Mayo College, A.J. Mere, Lt. Gen. Sir E. de V. Atkinson of the Thomason Engineering College, Rurki; Sir E. Denison Ross of the Calcutta Madrasah; Rev. A.H. Hildersley of the Lawrence Military Asylum, Sanawar; Theodore Morison of the M.A.O. College, Aligarh and several teachers who worked at Auckland House in Calcutta in 1902-08. Mr A.M. Ker of the Alliance Bank in Simla. Various comments on three journalists and Mrs Everard Cotes, E.J. Buck as Reuters agent and H. Hensman of The Pioneer. Count Starnberg, German Consul General. Comments on the Universities Commission 1902, on various policy reforms concerned with education under Lord Curzon and in that connection an interview with the French enquirer, M. Chailley Bert. The formation of the Bureau of Education. He passes comments and gives his views on the social life in Simla. His tours were from November to March in each year when he covered all of the nine provinces except 1905-6 owing to illness, 68 ff. 

Folder 3: 

June - October 1902 resident in Simla; October 1902 - April 1903 touring to the following places: Umballa, Rurki, Aligarh, Agra, Sihora, Jubbulpore, Nagpur, Raipur, Calcutta, Bankipur, Delhi, Bombay, Lahore, Amritsar, Jullunder. 

Detailed description of the letters: 


9 June Galway House, Simla. Finishing of the University Commission's Report. Lord Curzon's critical remark to Mr Giles, Director of Public Instruction of Bombay. Comments further on Lord Curzon. ff 7-11. 

16 June Names those on the Universities Commission. Quotation from Lord Curzon's Convocation. Speech of 15 February on education. ff 11-15. 

22 June Meets a Mr Marshall who comments on the Anglo-Indians. Eton-Winchester dinner. ff 15-20. 

29 June Details of a tea-party at Galway House. Dines with the Latimers; he is assistant Private Secretary to Lord Curzon: speaks of the Viceroy and Lord Lytton. State Ball - description: ff 20-4. 

9 July Comments on John Hewett about to be Commissioner in the Central Provinces. ff 25-7. 

15 July Redecorating Galway House and has ping-pong table made. Visits Auckland House School. ff 27-30. 

23 July Describes dinner at Viceregal Lodge. ff 30-3. 

31 July Dines at Baines Court with the Lt. Governor and Lady Rivaz. ff 22-6. 

7 August Acquires small office and temporary staff at The Rookery, Jakko. Preparing a draft for a policy resolution dealing with education. Describes dance floor at Barnes Court, ëswung on chainsí designed by Rudyard Kipling's father. ff 36-8. 

13 August Meets Mrs Risley, German, taught Lord Lytton's children. ff 39-41. 

18 August Hears part of Lord Curzon's letter offering Risley the post of Home Secretary. Military disappointed that Sir Power Palmer will have to leave India before the durbar to make way for Kitchener. Tennis. ff 41-4. 

31 August Reference to Gorst. ff 48-50. 

7 September Visits the Lawrence Military Asylum in Sanawar with Mr Bell, Director of Public Instruction in the Punjab. Over 500 children. The Rev. A.H. Hildesley, the Principal, been there 19 years and does not wish to leave. Orange comments on this as a rare thing for India. Describes visit. A note on Hildesley and family. ff 50-4. 

16 September Visits the Roman Catholic Convent of the Order of Jesus and Mary. Impressed with the way the nuns arrange the marriages of their pupils. ff 54-7. 

21 September Dines at the Ibbetsons to meet. the Viceroy - a party of 20, all are named and brief comments given. Lady Elles consulted an Indian thought reader over the loss of a valuable piece. Mentions L. Mercer and J.B. Wood, and Sir Hugh Barnes. ff 57-61. 

28 September Mr Jacob's house is for sale. Jacob being 'Mr Isaac' in Marion Crawford's book and 'Mr Lurgan' in Kim. Hears about Jacob from auctioneer's wife. A reference to Lord Roberts when on a visit to the Convent school. ff 61-4. 

5 October Refers to H.A. Stuart who is living with him for two weeks. A quote from Lord Curzon. ff 65-8. 

14 October Masked Ball postponed owing to the death of Captain Mallaby, brother in law of Lady Barnes. A visit from Sir Andrew Fraser. Sees a Bengali adaptation of Hamlet -women in purdah there. ff 68-71. 

Cold weather tour 1902/3 synopsis of activities, dates, places etc. ff 78-80. 

Holders of the principal official posts in the places he visited. f 81. 

5 November Agra, Aligarh School; details of visit. ff 82-4. 

13 November Jubbulpore, Country schools - with Inspector Sharp. Detailed description. ff 84-5. 

20 November Nagpur, Stays with Hewett, Chief Commissioner, and Mr Monro, Director of Public Instruction. No fire-places in the house: ff 86-88. 

26 November Camp at Nagpur - with Mr Mitchell, an Inspector of Schools - visit village schools; Paldi. Elected a member of Bengal Club. Visits a Chiefsí College with Newett at Raipur. ff 88-91 

3 December Calcutta. Impressed with village schools. In mourning for Sir John Woodburn. ff 91-3. 

7 December Calcutta. Bengal Club. ff 93-4. 

21 December Calcutta. Lord Curzon presents a marble monument recording the names of those who died in the 'Black Hole'. Has been gazetted to having private entree to Government House. Says railway accommodation is good. ff 94-6. 

30 December Delhi. Camp outside Cashmere Gate. Camps stretch for seven to eight miles. Describes Durbar processions. Comments on Lord Kitchener as lacking in grace and spontaneity. ff 96-9. 


6 January Exhaustion over the investiture. 10,000 - 12,000 at Durbar but could hear Viceroy's speech and the Bishop of Lahore's speech clearly. Duke of Connaught greeted enthusiastically. ff 99-102. 

14 January Byculla Club, Bombay. 3,000 at State Ball in Delhi. Comments on muted enthusiasm that greeted Lord Curzon. ff 102-4. 

24 January Visits Poona and meets F.G. Selby, Director of Public Instruction. Visits the Governor, Lord Northcote, also Mr Fulton, Sir J. Monteath. ff 105-6. 

27 January Ahmedabad. More on Bombay meetings. Visits the Chiefs of Kathiawar College at Rajkot. Principal is Waddington descriptive. ff 107-9. 

4 February Bombay. Elphinstone College. Stayed in Indore with Mr C.S. Bayley. Brief comments on the Resident, Major Younghusband and family. Stayed in Ajmere with A.L.P. Tucker. Visited Chiefsí College - descriptive. ff 109-12. 

8 February Government House, Madras, with Lord Ampthill. ff 112-14. 

18 February Collector's House, Madura. Also to Trichinopoly met R.H. Shipley, - Collector. ff 114-16. 

25 February Madras. Meeting with missionaries - Rev. Dr Sell. ff 116-17. 

10 March Lucknow. Stays with Sir James La Touche. ff 118-20. 

18 March Lahore. Stays with W. Bell. Chiefs' College - Eton boy from Hyderabad now there. ff 120-1. 

25 March Lahore. Visits School of Art, Medical College. ff 122-3. 

30 March Lahore. Recounts visit to Amritsar - stayed with Maclagan. Two visits to the Golden Temple. Reference to Lord Curzon. Comments on W. Bell - great difficulties of separated families while on service in India. ff 123-6. 

Folder 4: 

April - November 1903 resident in Simla; October 1903 - April 1904 touring to the following places: Lahore, Ahmedabad, Bombay, Karachi, Calcutta, Rangoon, Moulmein, Ajmere, Darjeeling, Naini Tal, Mussoorie. 

Detailed description of the letters: 


15 April Returns to newly decorated Galway House. New railway from Kalka to Simla almost completed. ff 3-5. 

6 May Comments on C.W. Waddington newly installed as Principal of the Mayo College at Ajmere. ff 7-8. 

14 May Daily lessons in Urdu. Visits Sir Denzil and Lady Ibbetson. Lord Curzon no longer seeing his secretaries regularly. ff 8-10. 

17 May Brief comment on Lord Kitchener. ff 10-12. 

24 May Gives his social diary for that week. More on Lord Kitchener. Comments on a report on Indian railway management. ff 12-15. 

3 June Notes on Sadler. Conversation with Mr Latimer, permanent private secretary to Lord Curzon - great pressure on officers of Government. The Delhi medal. Meets again E.H. Elles from Calcutta. ff 15-18. 

10 June Interest rates. ff 18-20. 

14 June Conversation with Cotes - journalist - ardent advocate of fiscal revision for free trade within the Empire. ff 20-2. 

30 June State Ball - Lord Kitchener. ff 24-6. 

14 July Preparations for journey to Darjeeling; books to be read. ff 27-30. 

28 July Darjeeling. At St Paul's school. Details from a visit to a tea garden at Kurseong. Comments on the school. ff 30-2. 

6 August Simla. Details of visit to a jute press belonging to Ralli brothers near Calcutta. ff 33-5. 

12 August Entertains grandson of Sir Syed Ahmed who is being brought up by the Morisons at Aligarh. Conversation with Lord Curzon at a bal poudre at Viceregal Lodge - on education. Speculation on Curzon's successor. Comments on Lord Ampthill. ff 35-40. 

19 August Several deaths on the trains due to excessive heat. ff 40-2. 

27 August Council meeting concerning forthcoming legislation on the Universities - those there including Curzon and subjects discussed. Note on Lord Newton and Curzon. ff 42-44. 

1 September More on above meeting. Curzon not learnt Urdu. ff 44-6. 

10 September Wishes to arrange a visit to Japan to report on their system of education which is viewed as successful. ff 46-8. 

8 October Details of a visit to Thanedar with Syed Ross Mahsud and Ransome, Consulting Architect. Black bear hunting. ff 51-4. 

15 October Comments on Mr Monro, Director of Public Instruction in the Central Provinces. ff 55-6. 

22 October Comments on Lawrence, private secretary to Curzon. ff 56-8 

29 October Dinner at Viceregal Lodge for Lawrence. Quote Curzon's speech. ff 58-60. 

5 November Gives brief account of the meeting of the Legislative Council to hear the Indian Universities' Bill being introduced. ff 60-2. 

Brief synopsis of his cold weather tour 1903/4 - 10 November 21 April. ff 63-4. 

22 November Ahmedabad. Describes visit, staying with F. Lely, Commissioner. ff 66-8. 

11 December S.S. Dunra. Voyage to Mandalay. ff 70-4. 

26 December Mandalay. Describes his visit, travelling with J. Van Someren Pope, D.P.I. in Burma. ff 75-8. 

29 December Upper Burma Club, Mandalay - the old Palace of Theebaw and Supiyalet. ff 78-80. 


13 January S.S. Bihara. Account of his visit to Pagan and the lacquer work. ff 80-4. 

3 February Calcutta. Comments on the forthcoming Conference in Rajputana of Indian Chiefs to discuss with English political officers how they wish their sons to be brought up at the Colleges, Mr Sells to be tutor to the Maharajah of Patiala. ff 87-9. 

24 February Calcutta. Foundations being dug for a large marble Hall to commemorate the Queen. Hears lecture by Sir William Emerson - the architect. ff 91-4. 

17 March Ajmere. The Chiefs' Conference - descriptive of those attending. ff 97-100. 

24 March Calcutta. Comments on a Resolution which defines the government policy in regard to education. Feels the absence of domestic life, but is considering a further stay of ten years. ff 100-4.


Folder 5: 

April - October 1904 resident in Simla; November 1904 - March 1905 touring to the following places: Lucknow, Allahabad, Rai Bareli, Pertabgarh, Sultanpur Districts, Fyzabad, Tanda, Bara Banki, Sitapur, Lakhimpur, Hardoi District, Bareilly, Benares, Calcutta, Dacca. 

Synopsis of letters from 27 April - 26 October 1904. 

Principal official posts in Simla. 

27 April Simla: Travels up newly opened railway. Comments on the way in which Lord Curzon's departure is different from other Viceroys. ff 3-5. 

5 May Obtains new offices at Kennedy House. Describes the departure of Lord Curzon from Government House and later the ceremony where Lord Ampthill assumed office. ff 5-9. 

12 May His ideas for a tour through Oudh. Living in a tent and studying village life. ff 9-10. 

18 May Describes routine of his daily life. R. Nathan in bad health from over work. ff 10-13. 

26 May More details of his proposed tour including equipment that will be required. ff 13-15. 

8 June Surprised at gardener's botanical knowledge. Introducing a new card indexing system in his office. ff 18-20. 

13 July Comments that the quick turn over of postings are the weakest point in the governing system. ff 29-31. 

11 August The seasonal life at Simla seems very repetitive. ff 35-6. 

24 August Lord Curzon's request for Nathan to be his private secretary on his return in October. Gives his servant money - two rupees - as contribution to a festival. Story about Lord Curzon at a farewell dinner - "a brilliant collection of blunders and left-handed compliments.". ff 39-42. 

8 September The acceptability of married men's parties in Simla. ff 46-9. 

22 September A few remarks on the education of the English children. The re-writing of some of the Oudh school books which are too erudite. ff 51-4. 

28 September Lady Curzon's ill health. ff 54-6. 

5 October Meets the German Consul and his wife - Count and Countess Quadt. ff 56-8. 

10 October Travels to Chail - summer residence of the Maharaja of Patiala. Comments on the amount of enteric in Simla and remarks on the difficulty of eliminating dirt from the household arrangements. ff 58-60. 

19 October Remarks on a career in tea planting in Bengal. Describes his stay in the house of the Dunlop Smith's at Chail. ff 60-3. 

26 October Conversation with M. Chailley Bert of the School of Political Studies in Paris. The expanding of Simla - his thought to buy land and build and comments on the architecture. ff 63-7. 

Synopsis of cold weather tour. ff 68-9. 

3 November Lucknow. Describes his equipment for his tour. Staying with Mr Sykes, Principal of La Martiniere College. Meets S.H. Butler, Secretary to Sir James La Touche. ff 70-2. 

13 November Rai Bareli District. Camp life and details of the setting up. Describes an 'At Home' of two village schools. ff 76-9. 

20 November Rai Bareli. Conversations with professional Indians on education. ff 79-84. 

12 December - 7 February 1905. These pages give very good descriptions of his tour and general notes on the District Stations, and all aspects of village life and people encountered. ff 89-120. 


28 February Benares. Meets Mrs Besant. Lord and Lady Curzon arrive in Calcutta (7 March). ff 120-1. 

12 March Circuit House, Dacca. Describes dirty house. ff 123-5. 

Lord Newton's note dated 11 February, on a speech delivered by Lord Curzon at Calcutta University on truthfulness which aroused much criticism from the Indians. ff 126-7. 

Folder 6: 

April - July 1905 resident in Simla; August 1905 touring to the following places: Poona, Ahmednagar, Kohlapur, Belgaum, Dharwar, Bijapur, Satara; September 1905 resident in Simla; October November 1905 on holiday in Cashmere; thence spent three months in Walker Hospital, Simla recuperating after appendicitis. 

Detailed description of the letters: 

4 April Simla. Earthquake damage. Lord Curzon strikes querulous note in his speeches - felt deeply the attacks made on him by agitators. Meets Campbell in Intelligence Department, who walked from Peking to Simla. ff 4-6. 
11 April More on damage from the earthquake. Strait's house for sale for 80,000 Rps. ff 7-10. 

18 April Survey of his newly acquired land. ff 10-12. 

24 April Brief comment on report of Lord Kitchener's intention to resign. ff 12-16. 

10 May Bishop Cotton School burned down. ff 17-I8. 

31 May Describes the graves of the children of Colonel Osborne of the 6th Royal Regiment dated 1873/4 in Simla. Dance at Viceregal Lodge. ff 23-5. 

6 June Harold Stuart is acting as Home Secretary. Lord and Lady Curzon have gone into tents at Naldera for three weeks with one A.D.C., a tradition of Viceroys. Mentions that a Cyclopedia of India is being published. ff 25-7. 

21 June Mrs Buck's picnic for 100 at Mahasu and games. Attends wedding of Sir Reginald Mant, at that time in the Finance Department, to Miss Tandy. ff 30-3. 

19 July Clothing for his tour in the Deccan. ff 39-41. 

26 July Brief remarks on Mr Sidney Preston, Secretary of the Public Works Department. Also on Lord Curzon and the controversy about the retention or abolition of the post of Military member of the Council. ff 31-2. 

4 August Poona. Begins tour. His hosts: Mr Fulton, a member of Council, Lord Lamington, Governor. Letters continue with brief descriptions of his hosts and the places visited. ff 43-4. 

29 August Satara. Inspects the identical tiger's claw which was used by Sivaji to kill Afzul Khan. ff 49-51. 

7 September Simla. Describes his journey back to Simla. ff 52-4 . 

13 September Conversation with General Scott on an incident involving himself, Lord Curzon and Kitchener. ff 54-6. 

20 September Some comments on his speech at the Conference of Directors of Public Instruction and Lord Curzon's speech. Includes The Pioneer's report. ff 56-8. 

6 October Srinagar. His holiday in Cashmere on a houseboat mainly descriptive and names those he meets and the silver he buys. Describes the floating gardens. ff 64-6. 

17 November Copy of Lord Curzon's letter of thanks to Orange written on Curzon's departure from India. f 87. 


3 January News that he is to receive a C.I.E. Letters of congratulation. Continues to recuperate in hospital. ff 92-3. 

14 February Now convalescing with Major and Mrs Senior - he is in the Intelligence Branch. ff 100-1. 

7 March Mentions that India has adopted as standard time, the 80th degree of Eastern longitude which is 5 hours 20 mins ahead of England. More on the relations of the Commander in Chief to the Government of India. ff 104-6. 

14 March Hires a rickshaw for the season. ff 106-8. 

21 March Some remarks on Sir B. Fuller. Work starting on the rebuilding of Bishop Cotton School. ff 108-110. 

Folder 7: 

April - October 1906 resident at Simla; November 1906 - March 1907 touring to the following places: Indore, Ajmere, Delhi, Lahore, Rurki, Meerut, Agra, Allahabad, Benares, Calcutta, Gauhati, Tezpur, Dacca, Rangoon, Sagaing, Myitkhina, Mandalay, Madras, Waltair, Bombay. 

The file ends with Sir Hugh Orange's departure from Bombay in March 1907 on his first furlough. 

Detailed description of the letters: 

4 April Lord Minto said to be indignant at failure of the Home Department to give him a proper reception at Bombay. ff 3-4. 

10 April Is obtaining fresh fruit and vegetables from same supplier to Curzon and Kitchener every other day. ff 5-6. 

25 April Comments on the probability of Parliamentary intervention into Indian affairs. ff 7-9. 

1 May Appointment of Sir Harvey Adamson as Member of Council for the Home Department. Great disappointment for Risley. ff 9-10. 

7 May Brief comment on Birrell's Bill in Parliament. ff 10-11. 

21 May Entertains Mr Chakravarti, Inspector of Schools at Lucknow. ff 14-15. 

30 May Receives his C.I.E. along with Herbert Cunningham Clogestoun. Copy of Mrs Annie Besant's note. Describes her subsequent lecture. Possibility of closure of Walker Hospital which he is against as there is no other place in Simla where nursing can be obtained in winter. A few remarks on Colonel Bingley (7th Rajputs). ff 15-19. 

27 June A note on Miss Stuart later Lady Wheeler. ff 26-9. 

24 July Attends Central Committee Meeting of St John's Ambulance Society in India - his first close encounter with Kitchener who was Chairman. ff 35-7. 

1 August Comments favourably on Sidney Low's book A vision of India. ff 37-40. 

15 August Mule carts being used for parcel post owing to breakdown of railway. ff 41-2. 

5 September Some brief comments on the series of volumes he is bringing out in relation to education and the difficulties and delays of going to press. ff 47-8. 

12 September Mr Giles is chosen to come in his absence. ff 48-9. 

19 September A story from Stuart about Lady Minto's grievances against Lord Curzon. ff 50-2. 

26 September Dinner with Colonel Kenny and other military. Discussed changes in Indian Army attitudes to caste and race. ff 52-4. 

3 October Entertains two Muslims, one being Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk, Resident Secretary at Aligarh College. ff 54-7. 

8 December Gauhati. Travelling on small steam yacht, The Kestrel, on the Brahmaputra river, briefly descriptive. Visits tea garden in the Tezpur district. ff 72-9. 


2 January S.Y. Rebel on the Irrawaddy in Burma travelling from Myitkyina to Bhamo. School inspections. ff 80-3. 

16 January Madras. Recounts briefly his visit to the Buddhist Archbishop in Burma.. ff 84-6. 

22 February Bombay. Staying with Mr Fulton. Describes dinner with the Amir of Afghanistan. ff 92-7. 


(Captain V.A. Ormsby I.A.) 

Lent by Mrs. M. Ravenscroft (daughter of Captain V.A. Ormsby - formerly Mrs. Fell.) 

N.W.F.P. U.P.: 1862-1917 


Xerox copies of 

  1. Journal of Charlotte Mary Wortley Corbett, mother of V.A. Ormsby. Covers years 1862-65; mainly accounts of her journey up country from Calcutta, and subsequent journeys with her father in the U.P. and with her husband, F. Ormsby after marriage in August 1864.
  2. TS volume: ëA Battalion in Tirahí: being the experiences in Tirah and on the Samana of a Regimental Officer, by Captain V. Ormsby lst Battalion 3rd Gurkha Rifles 1899. 153pp.
  3. Booklet entitled ëAlmorianaí. (leaves from a Hill Journal), by V. Pioneer Press 1901. Short essays which first appeared in The Pioneer, and relate to life in and around Almora.

See also Corbett Papers, Tape-recordings: Mrs. Ravenscroft


Small Collections Box 18

Given by C.B. Orr, Indian Imperial Police, 1921-1947. 

Burma/Bengal: 1933 

An undated extract from a memoir entitled "A Burma Patchwork" by C.B. Orr, District Police Superintendent at the time of the arrest of a group of Bengali terrorists in the Akyab District on the Burma-Bengal frontier. 3pp. 

Photograph: Bengali Terrorists arrested December 1933, Akyab, Burma. 

Identification: D. Mullick, S. Das, A. Ghosh, B. Ganguli, 

S. Bhattarcharjee, B. Mullick, T. Rakshit, S. Dutta, R. Mittra,. S. Chaudhury, S. Mullick,


(L.S. Osmaston, I.F.S. and F.C. Osmaston, I.F.S.) 

Given by Philip Stewart of the Commonwealth Forestry Institute. 

Bombay Presidency, Bihar and Orissa, U.P.: 1890-1947 

Lionel Sherbrook Osmaston joined the Indian Forestry Service as Asst. Conservator, Dec. 1890, appointed to Bombay Presidency. Deputy Conservator 1896 and Conservator 1911. Retired Dec. 1912. 

Fitzwalter Camplyon Osmaston, B.A., I.F.S. (son on L.S. Osmaston) joined Forestry Service as Asst. Conservator Feb. 1923. Appointed Instructor at Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun, 1924. Appointed Deputy Conservator 1927, served in Orissa. As an army reserve officer he was called into Active Service in Oct. 1940. Posted to Malays, May 1941 as Capt. of an Indian Company. Was in Singapore when it fell to Japanese and spent remainder of War as a prisoner. Mentioned in despatches for gallant and distinguished services as a P.O.W. On return to India after leave in England appointed Director of Forest Education in Dehra Dun, U.P. 


Diaries kept by L.S. Osmaston and his wife from 1892-1911. Entries mainly concerning domestic life. 
Booklet - "Foresters & Imperial Servants - The Osmaston Family", By Henry Osmaston. Offprint from Commonwealth Forestry Review, March 1989. 11 p. Includes partial family tree and bibliography. 


Diaries kept by F.C. Osmaston from 1923-1930. Chiefly contain references to shooting trips. 

BOX III 46 pp. 

  1. Papers relating to appointment of L.S. Osmaston to Indian Forestry Service. Letters of Testimonial. Articles: 'Mortality among Oak' by L.S. Osmaston. Obituaries of B.B. Osmaston, 1961, brother of L.S. Osmaston.
  2. Article: 'Recollections of Dehra and India' by F.C. Osmaston, 1924, 2 copies. Article.: 'A Holiday in Nepal', by F.C., Osmaston,. 1926. Rough outline for articles. Letter from Maharajah of Nepal to F.C. Osmaston, 1929. File: 'Himalayan Expedition 1932'. Contains letter, preliminary information and bills for Osmaston's forthcoming trek to Sikkim. Article reprinted from 'Indian Forester', July 1935, 'An Expedition into Sikkim' together with sketch maps and list of photographs. Outline for an article: 'Big Game Shooting in India'.
  3. Miscellaneous documents, bills, etc., including trophy receipts from taxidermists in Mysore, 1928. Two number of 'Adjutants' Newsletter' 1929, 1933. Private letter to F.C. Osmaston from J.I. Boden, Ranchi, 1938.

BOX IV 164 pp. 

Letters to F.C. Osmaston from various friends. 1926-1955. A few snapshots included in letters. 

BOX V 123 pp. 

Family letters and papers 1844-1935. 

BOXES VI - X 518 pp. 

Letters to F.C. Osmaston from his parents 1924-1940. 

BOX XI 407 pp. 

Letters from F.C. Osmaston to his parents 1915-1917; 1925-1929. These give some information about his work as Deputy Conservator of Forests in Orissa. 

BOX XII 481 pp. 

Letters from F.C. Osmaston to his parents 1930-1931; 1933-1939; 1940 1941; 1945-1947; 1949. These letters contain some references to his work as a forestry officer. His attitude towards the nationalist movement in the 1930s and towards his social inferiors are occasionally made explicit. There are several references to Christmas Camps and descriptions of shooting trips. 

The letters of 1947 indicate the atmosphere of uncertainty hanging over all officers of the Crown immediately before Independence and Partition. 

BOX XIII 804pp. 

Files 1 and 2: contain correspondence between F.C. Osmaston and his parents May 1941-Oct. 1945, prior to, during and immediately following his experience as a P.O.W. in Singapore. 

File 3: Xerox copy of F.C. Osmaston's memoir as P.O.W. in Singapore. 

File 4: Notes and official papers 1942-1945 when F.C. Osmaston was Command Fuel Officer in P.O.W. camp in Singapore. 

See: Photographs