Centre of South Asian Studies


Handlist of Papers - H


Given by G.A. Haig and Lady Haig


  1. 'A personal narrative of the Indian Mutiny, 1857.' 1880. TS 32 foolscap sheets, bound. (Indefinite loan.) The mutiny experiences of Anna Madeline Jackson at Sitapur and Lucknow.
  2. 'The first compulsory grain procurement exercise in the United Provinces for the Rabi crop.' 1946. (Note by C.A. Haig.) Political background, land holdings, money-lending, famine relief. 6 pp.
  3. Restricted 'United Provinces Government instructions on the 1946 grain levy. Details of the organization by the administration to cope with shortages of grains and other commodities in short supply.' 101 pp.


  1. Wanderings of a pilgrim in search of the picturesque, during four and twenty years in the East; with revelations of life in Zenana. By Fanny Parks. London, Pelham Richardson, 1850. 2 Vols. Illustrated. (indefinite loan)


  1. Note entitled 'Bombs in the Legislative Assembly, Delhi, 1929'. Description of the incident taken from Lady Haig's diary; political moves leading up to the incident. TS. 1p.
  2. 'Party to meet Mahatma Ghandi (sic) Delhi.' Description, of garden party and of Gandhi's appearance and his supporters. TS. 1p.
  3. Notes partly taken from Lady Haig's diary when Sir Harry Haig was Governor of the United Provinces, 1934-39. The notes are divided into the following headings:
  4. Visit to Gorakhpur: details of tour both social and official, November 1935. Installation of the new Raja, 1936. Delhi and Simla official functions, 1923. The Lee commission.
  5. Investiture, November 1924.
  6. Resignation of Sir Frederick Whyte as President of the Assembly to its first Indian President, Patel. August 1925. Opening of the new Council House New Delhi, 1927.
  7. A memsahib's relations with Indian servants, 1908-39.
  8. Social relations with Indian ladies. Friendships made. Club for Indian and English women., 1930s.


(Lt. Col. W.L. Hailes)

Small Collections Box 13

Microfilm Box 5 No. 39

  1. This is a journal in three volumes, covering the years 1914-40.
  2. Volume I, 1914-25:
  3. The journal of an officer describing service in Mesopotamia 1914-19, then in India 1920 - frontier duty etc., with a very vivid account of the army life in India and the role it played in the administration. There are anecdotes about Indians and British in army life, and the opinions expressed show a great feeling for Indian life; army life is also described in considerable detail; life in Delhi described, especially the Duke of Connaught's visit; comments on Indian politics; a lot of time was spent in Waziristan, and frontier duty and skirmishing is described in some detail - a very good picture of life on duty (1921-22); Prince of Wales' visit 1922. Most interesting reminiscence of a man Raynor whose grandfather survived the siege of Delhi.
  4. Returns to Delhi, and there are accounts of manoeuvres, shooting, daily life in the army and leisure; goes to Dehra Dun; funeral of the Maharaja of Kashmir; description of boat trip and tour in Kashmir and also in Jammu. Volume 11, 1926-35:
  5. Contact with Indian officers and families both in the Regiment and out, and description of visits, especially in the early months of 1926; Jat class regiments and Ranghars, upon whose state he comments; mutiny stories; met Tyndale-Biscoe June 1927; notes on the King of Afghanistan's visit to Bombay 1927; visits Goa. Stationed in Bombay; records of riots and trouble there 1929; meets man in Maizar massacre of 1897; goes to Far East and Hong Kong. The journal is filled with interesting accounts of army life. Volume III, 1935-40 (bound with Vol. II):
  6. This volume is very much the same but there is far more detail about Indians; he travels round visiting pensioned Jat officers and N.C.O.s in their villages; there is quite a lot on Kashmir, where he goes on leave and where he is stationed; the descriptions of Indian life increase. He finally resigns, and returns home; descriptions on the way of ports of call; he gets an Air Force job throughout the war. Two copies of a criminal case in the High Court Jind State, of six accused applicants for review v. the State. Appeal and reason for release. Letter asking for protection as a result of release. 1935.
  7. Copies of fourteen purwanas and other letters of recommendation, written by Europeans on behalf of Indians who were loyal to them during the mutiny, or who rendered loyal service. Some are written later than 1857 or 1858, but most are of this date.
  8. The Jat Annual, Colour presentation and reunion number, April 1968.


(Captain G.F. Hall, M.C., C.I.E.)

  1. Autobiography entitled 'All in the day's work', description of service in Public Works Department mainly Bihar and Orissa 1911-47. Three folders of TS. 553 pp.
  2. Part I. Assistant. Early days; public school days; preparing for a career; first year in India; indigo planters; on the Patna Canal; Bikran and Bankipur; beginning a new Province; irrigation; World War I service.
  3. Part II. Executive. The post-war political situation in India; religious rioting; Gandhi; General. Dyer; Ramnagar subdivision; first division Champaran; tour of the Punjab irrigation works; Tribini Canal; managing agents; Muzaffarpur Division; Government H.Q., Patna; camp gaol Ranch' Division; officiating Superintendent Engineer of North Bihar Circle; Purnea.
  4. Part III. Administrative. Chota Nagpur Circle; North Bihar Circle; the Tiljuga case; Bihar earthquake; aftermath - geological, political, financial consequences; Chief Engineer (Tirhut) and Chief Inspector of Local Works; Transport Advisory Council 1936; officiating Chief Engineer and Chief Inspector of Local Works; Chief Engineer of irrigation and Deputy Secretary to Government; floods; relations with Indian officials and Congress 1936-7; Central Board of Irrigation 1937; projects in Punjab; Chief Engineer and Secretary P.W.D. Bihar early war period; Son Canals headworks; Embankment Act; Bihar electrification scheme; further dealings with Congress; Retrenchment Committee; relations with army; hospital trains; the press in India; India in war; 1942 rebellion in Bihar; refugees from Burma.
  5. Appendix I, list of files on table wher. entered 7 September 1933. Appendix II, programme of the Durbar held by the Governor, Government House, Patna, 25 November 1936.
  6. A very detailed description of a P.W.D. officer's life, daily work in the field, in normal times and emergencies; relationships, difficulties, technical and human problems, in peace and war.


Memoirs by Mrs Margery Hall. 2 volumes.

Microfilm Box 6 No. 43

Mrs Hall's husband, Henry Hall, served in Simla, U.P., Bombay, Delhi and N.W.F.P. between 1938 and 1945. From 1946 to 1962 he held posts in Sabah and Sarawak.

The two volumes, And the Nights Were More Terrible Than The Days and Brief Encounters In a Land of Sea and Sun, comprise a vivid, if gossipy, account of experiences encountered in various parts of Empire. Chapters on Jacobabad in Volume I and on treatment of mental patients in a North Borneo hospital in Volume II are of particular interest. Her response to people and surroundings in each place is unusual. She sought to involve herself in social work wherever they lived, often at risk of ostracism by local Europeans.

She makes penetrating observations on the effect of Indian and Colonial life on British men and women, summed up thus: "The Colonial Empire took ...more than it gave to most of its servants".

(The names of the people and places described are fictitious. A glossary of the real names has been made by Mrs. Hall for the Archive but is restricted.)

  1. Ch. 1. Goes to India on holiday; stays Simla and Delhi; most interesting viewpoint of social life and the conventions. (1937-38)
  2. Ch. 2. Voyage home on German ship and consequences of Munich crisis. (1938)
  3. Ch. 3. Return voyage to India 1939 to marry; detailed description of a young couple setting up house, and how; marriage.
  4. Ch. 4. Outbreak of war; her husband joins army in Poona; economics of life as a married subaltern; background of social etiquette of a hill station; Anglo-Indians; stories of experiences in India very illustrative of European life in India.
  5. Ch. 5. Domestic life in India.
  6. Ch. 6. Minnie ? the mongoose.
  7. Ch. 7. Background to life during the war.
  8. Ch. 8. Life at Staff college, Quetta; journey there.
  9. Ch. 9. Delhi; wartime in Delhi; rabies.
  10. Ch. 10. Life in Babat and Pinwar; Afghanistan.
  11. Ch. 11. Life in Phutipura, Sind Desert; a very vivid account of seventeen months in a dreadful place.
  12. Ch. 12. Life in Phutipura, continued.
  13. Ch. 13. Life in Pinwar: these chapters are sprinkled with tragic, amusing and very revealing anecdotes.
  14. Ch. 14. Pinwar continued; voluntary Red Cross war-work; picnic on borders of Afghanistan; rationing; life after the end of the war; beginnings of civil strife; home.
  15. Ch. 15-16. Homeward journey and end.


Colonel Gordon Herbert Ramsay Halland. Joined Indian Police Service 1909 and served in Punjab; Principal, Police Training School, Phillour 1921-26; Head of Delhi Police Force 1930-31. 
Memoir: Punjab Patrol - Some Memories of an Indian Police Officer.


Given by Mr & Mrs Charles J. Wilson and Miss Wilson

Two diaries of Margaret Campbell Hannay. The first, January-March 1829, was written on a march from Mysopoorie to Mhow, U.P. when she accompanied her husband, Lieutenant Simon Fraser Hannay, Fiftieth Regiment Native Infantry. The second journal was written at Suduja, Upper Assam between 18 August and 26 September 1839 when it ends abruptly.

The 1829 diary is a detailed account of life in the march written as an extended letter for her mother. There are descriptions of towns, monuments (including the Taj Mahal at Agra), native dress and the countryside through which she traveled, carried by eight bearers, in a palanquin. There is also an account of the Tugs (Thugs) who infest the area, and their practices.

The second journal describes life at Suduja (Sudiya) in Upper Assam. Margaret Campbell is already ill but she manages to run a school, sew and read, mostly religious works. The final entry was written at Gowahatty only two weeks before her death. There is a final single entry - 17 June 1841 at Gowhattie (Gauhati). Margaret Hannay died 4 July 1841 and is buried at Gauhati. (Major Hannay was then Commandant First Assam Light Infantry, stationed at Jaipure (Jaipur) Upper Assam). 2 volumes. 69 ff. and 22 ff. Also typescript copy. 78 ff.


(D.P. Hardy, I.C.S.)

Small Collections Box 13

Deposited on permanent loan by Mrs. Carol Pickering (formerly Hardy)

U.P.: 1859; 1933-1941; 1947

  1. Narrative of Mutiny at Sitapur by Captain G. Hutchinson, Bengal Engineers, Military Secretary to the Chief Commissioner, Oudh, 1859.
  2. Standing Orders and Orders passed by M.H.B. Nethersole, D.S.O. I.C.S. Collector, Moradabad, 1933-36:
  3. Standing Order regarding touring 28 November 1933.
  4. Order to S.D.Ms. from Collector Moradabad, M.H.B. Nethersole, 28 November 1933.
  5. Order to Magisterial Courts in District, 7 December 1933.
  6. Order to Tahsils in District, 14 December 1933.
  7. Order to S.D.Ms. regarding proceedings under preventative sections, 20 April 1934.
  8. 1934 Cr. Cases 1073 (Sind) Ferrers, J.C. and Dadiba C. Mehta, A.J.C. in matter of R. a Pleader.
  9. Order to S.D.Os. and Deputy Collectors regarding dismissal etc. of officers, 7 September 1934.
  10. Order to S.D.Os. regarding promotions, appointments etc. 7 September 1934.
  11. Order regarding carelessness of Summoning Witnesses, 16 October 1934.
  12. Touring Orders to S.D.Os., 19 October 1934.
  13. Notes on writing criminal judgements, November 1934.
  14. Regarding uselessly sending for files, 10 July 1935.
  15. First impressions of Moradabad by D.P. Hardy, November 1935.
  16. D.P. Hardy's Tour Diary, 15 November 1935 - 19 January 1936.
  17. D.P. Hardy's Tour Diary, 14 January 1937 - 21 March 1937.
  18. Draft Order Under Sec. 144, unsigned, May 1936.
  19. Draft Order Under Sec. 107/112 Cr. P.C. unsigned, 26 August 1936.
  20. Extract from inspection note regarding arms licences, 12 January 1937.
  21. Brig. Ratan Lal's Case, 5 August 1937.
  22. Various unused office forms.
  23. Order concerning prisoners detained under trial, signed D.P. Hardy, Asst. District Magistrate, Deoria-Kasia, U.P., 19 November 1940.
  24. Order concerning revenue work, signed D.P. Hardy, Addl. Collector, Deoria-Kasia, 19 November 1940.
  25. Order concerning revenue cases pending, signed D.P. Hardy, Adl. D.M. Deoria-Kasia, 15 November 1940.
  26. Confidential Order concerning trial security cases, signed D.P. Hardy, Addl. D.M. Deoria-Kasia, 27 November 1940.
  27. Order about Police Challon cases, 28 November 1940.
  28. Order concerning giving stiff sentences for burglary, Addl. D.M. Deoria, 6 December 1940.
  29. Order with regard to Pargana Officers. Addl. D.M. D.P. Hardy, 5 January 1941.
  30. Confidential order concerning release of prisoners on bail. Addl. D.M. Deoria-Kasia.
  31. Concerning writing of judgements, Deoria-Kasia, 2 April 1941.
  32. Concerning release of accused, 26 May 1941.
  33. Order concerning passing inadequate sentences, 5 July 1941.
  34. 2 unsigned letters to Hardy.
  35. Copy of Whipping Act.
  36. Opium - its history, production and supervision.
  37. Instructions for Imperial Bank trainees.
  38. Names of family relationships.
  39. Selection of unused forms.
  40. The Land Records of Agra Province compiled by D.P. Hardy.
  41. A history of town of Sambhal in Moradabad District.
  42. Order of Service for 15 August 1947 used in Anglican church, Bahreilly.
  43. TS extracts from letters written by D. P. Hardy to his fiancée in the U.S.A. and India. (The extracts were made after his death, by Mrs. Carol Hardy).

    As she had lived in India (as the daughter of American Methodist missionaries - see TITUS papers) and knew it well, he describes and comments on his work as Assistant Magistrate and Collector of Moradabad district in late 1935 and as Magistrate and Collector from 1944 to 1946. He also held briefly, posts as Joint Magistrate in Agra, Lucknow, and Naini Tal.

    The letters describe the minutiae of his daily life and administrative work at base or on tour, and as well his attitudes and reactions to people, places, political movements, and his work as magistrate. He reveals his attitudes towards his fellow I.C.S. both English and Indian, towards Congress and its workers, and above all his great sympathy with. and affection for the villagers and their harsh lives.

    The letters are outstanding in their insight into the detail of implementing administrative measures, and an example of the understanding which Indian Civil Servants in the districts had of India, and the amount of work they accomplished under difficult conditions.

    By his vivid descriptions of countryside, weather and people, Mr. Hardy makes understandable the deeply affectionate response India and Indian village life aroused in so many Indian Civil Servants. 214pp.

See also: Photographs


Lent by Dr. Ruth Hardy.

Nagpur Diocese C.P. 1937-1947

  1. The Nagpur Diocesan Magazine: a quarterly record of Church work. Vols. XLV - LVI. January 1937-October 1947. In four volumes.
  2. This is primarily a record of the churches in the Diocese of Nagpur, but there are a number of articles of a high standard on the inauguration of the Church of South India, India and Christianity, church reunion generally and on missionary methods and attitudes.
  3. In the volume 1945-47 there are articles on the Faith and Order Conference in Lausanne, and on the transfer of power.


Colonel S.A. Hardy. Served in a regiment of the Bengal Native Infantry and Artillery during Mutiny and commanded a wing of the Regiment against mutineers of the Jodpore Legion; Assistant Adjutant-General to Rajpootana Field Force 1857-58; regimental duty with 21st Hussars 1861-69, joining as senior Captain and leaving as senior Major; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1869 and honorary Colonel on retirement in 1870.

Transcripts of letters from Colonel Hardy to his wife in England, April-June 1863. Transcripts copied and kindly supplied by Mr R.G. Barton.

These letters, sent from Muttra and Agra in the North West Provinces, appear to have been written at a difficult point in Colonel Hardy's career. There seem to be three distinct reasons which account for the somewhat depressed tone of the letters.

In the first place, Hardy was without his wife who had returned to England to be with the children. He was anxious for her early return, planned for that autumn. The letters discuss in considerable detail the arrangements for the care of the children and for Mrs Hardy's journey. Hardy clearly felt inadequate without his wife's presence. He stresses his need for her support and organising powers. Although the letters are filled with army gossip and details of his dining companions he concludes that 'mess is simply a continuation of the day's grind'.

The second reason for Colonel Hardy's unhappiness arose from the generally depressed state of morale in his regiment of the Hussars. 'Officers seem to have lost their pride in the regiment.' He blames this on the clumsy actions of his superior officer, named as Curtis. Trouble in the barracks one night had been badly handled and appeared to be mutiny. As a result the Commander-in-Chief had instituted a general court-martial when a regimental court-martial was all that was needed. Hardy reports that the business had reached the press. The holding of the court-martial forms a background to these letters.

Hardy's final concern was money. He does not regret having left his native regiment. 'For the officers, except the Commandant and his adjutant, the life is pure vegetation, or rusting rather, except on the frontier where we had patrolling, and magisterial work...'. Nonetheless life in the Hussars had not so far proved a paying proposition. It was not possible to survive without private means of some sort. 'Look at me, after 23 years of it, and never a gambler or extravagant, I have not at the present moment £100 to put my hand on.' Hardy was attracted by the idea of life in New Zealand though he realises he was now too old to be a successful settler. The main hope was that promotion would soon come and with it financial improvement. 14ff.


Small Collections Box 13

Given by Major General J.F. Hare, C.B.

  1. TS sheet of short notes about the Hare family and papers written by M.M. Stuart, 26 September 1969.
  2. Papers written by Lt. Col. James Hare (grandfather of .Major General J.F. Hare):
  3. TS copy of a description of his early life, the voyage out to India, life in India, some Indian customs, Indian mutiny at Meerut and voyage home, 1854-60. Written at Clarcu 1871-72. Copies of letters written home to his father during the Indian mutiny. Letters dated May-October 1857, covering the march from Landour to Delhi with descriptions of fighting and losses and the attack on Delhi. (The originals are said to be in the bank.)


Small Collections Box 13

Given by Manishir Hasan. 6 July 1977.

  1. Three pages on Kashmir from the Encyclopaedia of Islam.


Given by Dr. Masuma Hasan

  1. >Xerox copies of five maps of the Punjab reduced from photographs:
  2. Map of the Punjab, showing the proposed boundary line. Scale 1 inch to 24 miles. (4 copies)
  3. Index plan of the Punjab showing Tehsil boundaries. Scale 1 inch to 16 miles. Filed by the Congress (copy). (2 copies)
  4. Map of the Punjab showing the Muslim belts in Ambala and Jullundur Divisions contiguous to Muslim majority areas claimed in the Muslim League memorandum. Scale 1 inch to 16 miles.
  5. Punjab: distribution (map) of Muslim and Sikh population. (Census 1941) Punjab Muslim League, Boundary Commission Office. Scale 1 inch to 16 miles. 
      Map of the Western Punjab showing natural and strategic boundaries. Scale 1 inch to 16 miles.


Mrs Mirabel Hawkes grew up in Ceylon where her father was a planter on the Devon Tea Estate. In 1934 she married William Bruce, a tea planter until 1939, who was killed in the invasion of France in 1944. She remarried in 1946 James Hawkes who worked for Gordon Frazers Agency House in Colombo and on various tea estates. They left Ceylon around 1956.

Papers given by Mrs Hawkes.

  1. Memoir: Pearls, Palms and Riots'. A high spirited and uninhibited account of life in Ceylon in the years before independence. There are full descriptions of the countryside and jungle, the rivers and natural life. Mrs Hawkes' memoir begins with her recollections of the island just after World War I. Following her education in Britain she returned, aged 17, to enjoy a hectic and exciting social life. She describes the work involved in setting up home after her first marriage and the various activities in which she became involved, including Secretary of an up-country hockey team.

    World War II in Britain involved many privations and considerable unhappiness but Mrs Hawkes was able to return to Ceylon in 1946 with her second husband and with renewed hopes for the future. She did not take to life in Colombo and they soon moved to the same District in which her first husband had served and the same Club where he had been Secretary. With the passage of time Mr Hawkes became a senior planter in charge of three divisions - Bridwell, Lynsted and Bogawana. The account concludes with a description of a visit by the Queen to Sri Lanka and mention of the onset of Sinhalese-Tamil disturbances. 85pp. 

  2. File of miscellaneous papers largely relating to Mr Hawkes' holdings in Gordon Frazer and Co. and the representation of British planters' interests in Sri Lanka. Includes 3pp. of notes on Ceylon Clubs.


A. Hawkins (Indian Railways)

Given by Mrs. H.M. Bruno

A short diary from 13-28 February 1916, written by the donor's father, Arthur Hawkins, who was with the Assam Railways. It describes his visit to a survey camp for oil - near Ledo in Assam and is mostly on his shooting and fishing expeditions. 16pp.


(R.E. Hawkins)

  1. Holograph letter, from Mira Behn (Miss Slade) Satyagraha ashram Sabarmati, 17 March 1930, explaining to Hawkins that it is not a good time to choose to come to India. 2 pp.
  2. Copies of the Bombay Congress Bulletin Nos. 21-22, 34-35, 42-43, 45-51, 57-58, 60-61, 67, 71, 99-100, 103, 121, 131, dated 16 May - 22 September 1930.
  3. Broadsheet entitled 'Simon Report under searchlight' by "Mr. Boycott". Undated.
  4. The Times Indian Report Supplement, 10 and 24 June 1930.
  5. Two issues of Revolt dated 8 and 10 July 1930.
  6. Bulletins Nos. 1-24 written, by Hawkins for his friends dated 28 December 1930 - 13 June 1931. Reports on political meetings and activities of Congress, friction between Muslims and Hindus, etc.
  7. Eight folios of typescript written about 1930 in French for publication in Esprit but probably never sent.
  8. Draft memorandum of the objects of the Bombay Union. Probably late 1931.
  9. Copy of 'Manifesto', supplement to The Masses, 12 February 1931. 3pp. Issued by the Provisional Committee for organizing the Revolutionary Party of the Indian working class.
  10. Issue of The Masses No. 5 of 15 April 1931. Organ of the Committee for organizing the Revolutionary Working Class Party of India, Karachi, 26 March 1931. 5 pp. Account of the Karachi Congress.
  11. Special Bulletin issued by the All India Congress Party Committee No. 1, 30 March 1932. 31 pp. Gives brief accounts of the progress of civil disobedience in the Provinces.
  12. Two copies of the Bombay Congress Bulletin Vol. III No. 73, 31 March 1933.


Brigadier G.F. Heaney, C.B.E., F.R.I.C.S., Surveyor General of India 1946-1951. (Pseudonym: Surfield) 


  1. TS account of a tiger shoot in North Bengal, near Ramshai, Jalpaiguri District, 1924, with F.W. Strong I.C.S., officiating Commissioner of division in which Ramshai is situated.
  2. Xerox copies of two MSS letters from Heaney to his mother and stepfather about the attempted assassination on him by Ali Ahmed, 24 and 30 April 1931.
  3. Xerox copy of report of the attempted murder by Ali Ahmed on Captain G.F. Heaney, R.E. Officer in charge, No. 10 Party, Survey of India, Homalin, Burma Circle. April 1931. 7 pp.
  4. Copy of a letter from Heaney to his stepfather while on a trip up the Chindwin to Homalin by launch; refers to possibility of Class 7 officers being retired; economic outlook for India and Burma; 6 January 1932.
  5. Article written by Heaney called 'Attempted murder' by "Surfield" (his pseudonym). Xerox copy.
  6. Xerox copy of judgement in the Court of the District Magistrate, Upper Chindwin, dated 17 April 1931. Criminal Regular Trial No. 5 of 1931. Ring Emperor v: Ahmed. Charge under section 307, Indian Penal Code.
  7. Xerox copies of a collection of sketches and articles written by Heaney. The originals are typescript, bound and illustrated by his own photographs. As mentioned in the Preface, the period is 1929-30 and 1930-31. The articles deal with places and characters encountered by Heaney when he was Survey Officer in Burma, dealing with the country and people, not politics.


  1. Historical records of the Survey of India. Vols. I-IV Dehra Dun, 1945-58.


  1. 'Through historic India by car'. TS account of journey made by car from Delhi to Firozabad, Agra, Fatehpur Sikri, Bharatpur, Jaipur, Amber, Ajmer, Udaipur. Illustrated with photographs. 33pp. 38 photos (bound).
  2. 'A tour in Thayetmyo District'. November 1929. TS account illustrated with photographs, of a tour by car. 23pp. 17 photos (bound).
  3. 'Journeys late 1929 and early 1930': Banmauk to Vyu, etc. TS account illustrated with photographs and map. 29pp. 33 photos; map(bound).
  4. 'Through the Southern Shan States': Summer 1930 TS account illustrated with photographs. llpp.12 photos (bound).
  5. File: 'Chindwin material'
    • An episode on tour; by Surfield. TS., 20pp.
    • Tour in the Somra Tract, November 1930. 19pp & 18pp (2 copies).
    • On the trail in Upper Burma, by Surfield. 4pp. Joined on to a letter from Brig. and Mrs. Heaney to Mrs. Heaney's mother, from Helaw. 2pp.
    • e) 'A trip to the Naga hills' ? In two parts, pp. 1-7 and 1-12. TS.
    • Sidelights on Burma Surveys. (Mainly of hunting and animals) TS. 14pp.
    • 'The picturesque Chindwin'. TS. 3pp.
    • 'Topographical surveying in Burma'. TS. 9pp. some not consecutive.
    • 'Spring in Central Burma'. 2pp. (Published in Rangoon Gazette April 1930)
    • 'Mist and Misses: a duck shoot in Upper Burma', by Surfield. 6pp.
    • 'On the Chindwin River: Sternwheelers and rafts'. 5pp.
    • 'An episode on tour' by Surf field. 23pp.
    • Letter from Brigadier Heaney to Mrs. Heaney 21 February 1931, describing a tiger shoot. 4pp.
    • Tour in The Somra Tract, November 1930. 5pp.
    • Letter from Brigadier Heaney from The Chindwin,. 6 January 1932 about life on survey etc. app.
  6. File: 'Papers on the Ali Ahmed case (1931)'
    • Telegram of congratulation on escape from Chiragh Shah from a former colleague.
    • Judgement in the case King Emperor vs. Ali Ahmed. Appendix. Describing the attempted murder. 2pp.
    • Letter, 24 April 1931, from Brigadier Heaney to his mother about disturbances between the villages and survey teams. Describes the attempt on his life by Ali Ahmed, and the vicissitudes of survey life. 4pp.
    • d) Letter, 30 April 1931, to 'Colonel' about the Ali Ahmed attempt. lp.
    • TS report from G.F.H. to the Director, Burma Circle, Survey of India, Maymo on the Ali Ahmed case. April 1931. 4pp.
    • Another copy. 4pp.
  7. TS article: 'Attempted Murder' by Surfield. 16pp.


  1. Scrapbook of newspaper and other articles from the Indian State Railways Magazine, on the people of Assam and Burma, on the work of the Survey, on Air Survey in India, Map Production, etc. by G.F. Heaney, under pseudonym of Surf field. 1930-36.
  2. 'Newspaper cutting book' As above 1936-51. Including text of broadcasts on the External Services of All India Radio; 'From a Surveyor's Diary' by Brigadier G.F. Heaney, published in 'The Military Engineer's Journal', n.d.
  3. Survey of India: Map Catalogue. Corrected up to 1 May 1951. Published under the direction of Brigadier G.F. Heaney, C.B.E.; F.R.I.C.S., Surveyor General of India, 1950. Printed at the Map Publication Office, Survey of India, Hathibarkala, Dehra Dun.


  1. Folder: 'India: descriptive and historical'.
    • Copy of TS article 'An episode on the Frontier' by Brigadier G.F. Heaney. 7pp.
    • Letter from G.F. Heaney from Rezu, Eastern Bengal, 20 January 1921 describing a Khedda Camp. 8pp.
    • TS articles: 'Christmas Shoot near Ramshai, Jalpaiguri District Bengal', 1924. Calcutta 1925, illustrated by photographs and plans. 21pp.
    • Tales of Trans-Frontier Exploration. Adventures of the Pundit' I and II by Surfield. 9pp.
    • 'Moonlight and misses: a duck shoot near Delhi' by Surfield. 5pp.
    • 'Travelling tales from Old Tibet' by Surfield. 5pp.
    • 'The finding of Tengri Nor': an epic of adventure and hardship. 9pp.
    • 'A Tibetan Goldfield', by Surfield. 5pp.
    • 'A Tall Story'. 1p.
  2. Folder containing draft stories, not published.
    • 'The Fourth Generation'. 29pp.
    • 'The price of doubt'. 14pp.
    • 'Away of escape'. 18pp.
    • 'The haunted grove'.10pp.
  3. Folder: First attempt, book on Burma and draft articles.
    • A motoring tour in Burma (i) 7pp.
    • A motoring tour in Burma (ii) 7pp.
    • A motoring tour in Burma (iii) 6pp.
    • Wasteful cultivation: an urgent problem. 7pp.
    • Journal of a short Survey tour, (December 1937). 22pp.
    • The betrayal of Toby. 4pp.
    • First draft of Burma book: 'A Surveyor in Burma'. 27pp.
  4. Folder: Letters to The Times and Reviews. Letters on the Height of Everest: review Historical Records of the Survey of India, Vol. III 1815-30. Two poems. 13pp.


  1. Xerox copy of a memoir by Brigadier G.F. Heaney: 'The Winding Trail'. A detailed memoir of life and work in the Survey of India and Naga Hills. Descriptions of the survey work, and the country and people encountered. Also Calcutta between 1934-36 and the German Community; war-time Calcutta - Surveying in Iraq and Persia during the war Riots and massacres after 1947 - Delhi in and after 1947. Post-Independence India, and Surveyor General 1948-51. 342pp., 9 maps.


  1. Memoir. 'A Tenderfoot in British Columbia'.
    • Preface and Contents
    • Part 1 Early Days. 22pp.
    • Part 2 The Survey Line 13pp.
    • Part 3 Farmer's Boy 16pp.
  2. Folder containing letters from Persia and Iraq. November 1941 December 1942 - March 1943. 95pp.
  3. Folder containing articles written from North America 1933. 69pp.


  1. Memoir: written by Magda Hammersley-Smith: 'A great grandmother remembers'. Written in 1970. 234pp., photographs; 5pp appendix. A very lively account of life in India by Mrs. G.F. Heaney's mother who lived in India as an Army wife from 1908-13, and on the N.W.F.P. and Kashmir from 1920-23 and from 1927-29. A perceptive, sensitive and humourous account of life in India in the context of her life and family.
  2. Letters from Mrs. G.F. Heaney to her parents in England, 1931-32, 1937-38, when she and her small son accompanied her husband on Survey work. From Burma, Nagpur C.P., in camp and on tour in remote areas. 20pp.
  3. Letters written from Mrs. G.H. Heaney to her husband from Gulmarg and Trunkhal, Kashmir, 18 July 1942 - 12 Agust 1942, when camping and climbing with her children. Details of daily life, camping, marching, flowers, country, etc. 36pp.


Given by Miss Agatha S. Hellier

  1. 946 letters written by Miss Hellier to her mother, family and friends from India where she went in 1923 as a missionary with the Methodist Missionary Society in London, teaching art. For 26 years she was in Madras, first at the Royapethah Girls' High School, then St. Thomas's Mount Girls' Boarding School and finally, at Gnanodhaya Training College as Headmistress. From 1949-51 she started Art Courses in many schools in Madras and elsewhere.

    She gives detailed accounts of her school life, holidays, Girl Guide work and art, and many references to other Methodist Missionaries. There are some comments on missionary training, and Indian Christians. Her letters from 1923-25 are more related to India than the rest which become concerned with personnel. There are vivid descriptions of her holidays.

    From No.82 onwards the letters are personal and do not contain much news about India apart from day to day events.

    All the letters are listed in detail in the Archive of the Centre of South Asian Studies.

  2. Other papers in the Hellier Collection
    • December 6, 1951. Letter from Alice Walton of the Methodist Missionary Service to Miss Hellier; in connection with Miss Hellier's concern over the finances of Gnanodhaya. Also on her own finances and another missionary. 2pp.
    • Extract from Miss Pearl Kidd's letter dated December 29, 1951 on the difficulties of staff relationships and finances at Gnanodhaya. 2pp.
    • March 7, 1952. Letter from Alice Walton to Miss Hellier; on the appreciation of Miss Hellier's 26 years of service in India written into the minutes of the Women's Work Committee for the Methodist Missionary Service. lp.
    • Account of her journey in 1941 to Kashmir, via Calcutta, Lahore, Benares, Delhi, Lucknow entitled "A Missionary Looks Away from her Job". Detailed descriptions of journey by bus and train - the scenery and flora and fauna. People met, Indian Museum and School of Art in Calcutta. The Bombay Cricket Club, Dushir University Mission in Hazaribagh. Lucknow School of Arts and Crafts and the Isabella Thoburn College for women. People encountered in the New Delhi Y.W.C.A. 43pp.
    • The Gnanodhaya Training School Yearly Reports from 1927-1945.
    • 10 postcards from Miss Hellier to her mother.
    • Odd papers.
    • 'Young Methodist Demonstration of the Wesleyan Mission, Madras District'. Programme.
    • 3 copies of Now Magazine from 1974 - published by the Methodist Missionary Society.
    • Duplicates of letters.
  3. Articles by Miss Hellier
    • Working for Missions 1900-1914. Childhood memories in England. Mother's creation of "Medical-wants Guild". 3pp.
    • Changes in conditions and status for women missionaries 1914-1923.
    • (Methodist) Missionary work for women in India. Education for girls and medical help for women. Reference to the Women's Christian College in Madras: Methodist Girls' School in Madras: the S.P.G. School Creation of Women's hospitals in Madras. Health hazards. 2pp
    • Food problems - re religion. International Fellowship Committee. Gandhi's visit to Madras College.
    • "The Wold Arder Chengeth". Changes seen between 1923 and 1951. Reference to The Residential Girls' High School at Royapethah in Madras. 4pp.
    • Poem. Anon. 'This Fair Land'.
    • On hearing of Gandhi's assassination. A school sports day. Visit of an Indian woman journalist.
    • The transfer of properties to the Church of South India from the Christian Missions.

Microfilm Box 4 No. 23

  1. Booklet: 'Some reminiscences of my life' by Col. W.A.B. Dennys, 1935. (Step-father of Brigadier Heaney.)

    Born 26 June 1859 at Neemuch, Central Provinces; education in England, description of its poor quality, and qualifications passing into Indian Army by a Queen's Cadetship (1878); Sandhurst; commissioned 1879.

  2. Sails for India in troopship Euphrates, and joins Regiment 62nd Foot (Wiltshire) at Morar, C.P; passes Higher Standard Examination in Urdu and Hindi and appointed to 39th Bengal Infantry; description of Indian society in first year; 1881 Bhopal Battalion at Sehore, C.I; experiences in Sehore; hunting with own pack, shooting; transferred to 26th Punjab Infantry in Peshawar, 1833, commanded by Colonel Chester; appointed A.D.C. to Sir Charles Aitchison, Lt. Gov. of the Punjab; descriptions of social conventions and tours; present at the enthronement of the Maharaja of Kashmir in Jammu - description; rejoins 26th Punjabis to fight in Burma war 1884-85; description of conditions, and war; returns home 1887; hailstorm at Port Said; returns to India 1888; marries 1890; Adjutant of Agra Volunteers 1891; becomes Adjutant 2nd Administrative Battalion N.W.F.P. Volunteers 1892; leave; rejoins 26th Punjabis at Jullundur 1898; 1900 appointed to 41st Dogras; enlistment; commands 31st Punjabis at Rawalpindi 1903-08; returns to England 1908.


(F.C. Henniker)

Small Collections Box 13

Given by Sir Mark Henniker

Assam: 1930

  1. Booklet entitled Maotam in Lushai by F.C. Henniker, Formerly Superintendent, Lushai Hills. (Notes compiled in June 1912). Concerns life-cycle of bamboos in Lushai Hills.


(Lt. Col. C. Herbert)

Small Collections Box 13

Given by Lady Jenkins

  1. 'Narrative of events connected with the defence of Attok in 1848-49', by Lt. Col. C. Herbert, Bengal Staff Corps. Calcutta, printed at the Military Orphan Press, 1866.
  2. TS. 25 pp. Appendix - extracts from the Punjab Blue Book 1848-49.


(Dr. A.M. Heron)

Small Collections Box 13

Unpublished material on the geology of Iraq Kurdistan by A.M. Heron and G.M. Lees, as follows:

  1. 'Metamorphism in the zone of nappes.' 1p.
  2. 'Geology of the autochthon.' 3pp.
  3. 'The Triassic limestone-radiolarian chert nappe.' 5pp.
  4. 'Traps in Trias anticline.' 2pp.
  5. 'The radiolarian charts and shales.' 3pp.
  6. 'The overthrust zone of Iraq Kurdistan. Introduction.' 2pp.
  7. 'Relationship of the Iraq nappes to adjacent areas.' 2pp.
  8. 'The geology of the autochthonous folded zone.' 5pp.
  9. 'The thrust front.' 1p.
  10. `General structure of the zone of thrusts.' 2pp.
  11. 'The igneous and metamorphic nappe.' 6pp.
  12. 'Main igneous and metamorphic nappe.' 17pp.
  13. Six xerox prints of geological diagrams.
  14. Correspondence relating to the possible publication of the material.
  15. Published works (in Library of Centre of South Asian Studies):
  16. Offprints from Records of the Geological Survey of India.
  17. X, 2, 1877, Godavari; XLIII, 3, 1913, Jech Doabs; XLVIII, 4, 1917, Rajputana; L, 2, 1919, Burma; LIII, 1921, Burma; LIV, 2, 1922, Burma, Everest; LIV, 4, 1923, Jaipur; LVI, 2, 1924, Rajputana; LXVI, 4, 1933, Mewar; Vol. ? 4, 1937, R.D. Oldham; LXXII, 4, 1938, Palanpur; LXXIII, 2, 1938, Gujarat and Rajasthan. Memoirs: Vol. 45 (Pts. 1 and 2); 65 (Pt. 2); 79; 86 (all dealing with Rajasthan) 1917-59. 5 vols.
  18. 'The geology and ore deposits of the Tavoy District.' (Memoirs XLIV No. 2. Calcutta, 1923.)
  19. 'The mineral resources of Rajputana', from Transactions of the Mining and Geological Institute of India, Part 4, 1935.
  20. 'Synopsis of the pre-Vindhyan geology of Rajputana', from Transactions of the National Institute or Sciences of India, Vol I, No. 2, 1935.
  21. 'Correlation of the Cuddapah and Kurnool formations along the Kistna; and synopsis of the Purana formation of Hyderabad', from Journal. Hyderabad Geological Survey, Vol. V, Parts 1 and 2, Hyderabad 1949


Small Collections Box 13

Personal log of a voyage between Calcutta and Ceylon, 1849-50, in the sailing ship 'Centaur' by Jane Penelope Herring, wife of the Master, Anthony Herring.

Given by Mrs B. Morrison.

Detailed observations on ship's regime; maritime hazards; ports of call; local occupations; Malay burial practices; vaccination; cabin and deck passengers; leprosy and smallpox on board ship. 45ff


(Roger O. Hicks)

Small Collections Box 13


Xerox copies

  1. Two letters from Gandhi, 5 May 1940 and 9 October 1941.
  2. Account written. by Mr. Hicks as a basis for a B.B.C. interview marking the centenary of Gandhi's birth. 13pp TS. Background of his first meeting with Gandhi in Cambridge 1931. Introduced by C.F. Andrews. In 1940, visited Gandhi in his Ashram in Sevagram, on invitation of Mahadev Desai, bringing messages from Tagore. Life in Ashram. Conversations with Gandhi: attitude to Lord Linlithgow: political differences with Nehru. Satyagraha. Anecdotes.
  3. Account of the first of Mr. Hicks' many talks with Gandhi, in April 1940. Written immediately after the talk. About C.F. Andrews, Congress party, political solutions. 4pp. TS.


(P.B. Higginbotham)

Small Collections Box 13

Given by Mr. E. Higginbotham.

Burma: 1942

  1. TS Diary of a march from Sumprabum. to Ledo in May/June 1942, made by P.B. Higginbotham, written 27 September 1942.
  2. Memoir of. an escape from Burma over the Dharubhum Pass, Mainkwan, Launga, N'chaw, etc. (The same march as made by Alec Rose, q.v.) 36pp.


Small Collections Box 13

Given by Mrs. E. Hobbins

  1. Programme of inauguration of Ceylon House. Reception by the Trade Commissioner and Mrs. P.E. Pieris at the Waldorf Hotel, 15 July 1935.
  2. Four photographs and twenty-three postcards of Ceylon.


(J.D.V. Hodge, I.C.S.)

Lent by Mrs. E. Hodge

Bengal: 1917-1930 

  1. Proof of official printed copy of Government of Bengal's confidential report of the Sedition Committee, December 1917 April 1918 Rowlatt Committee J.D.V. Hodge, Secretary, with MS emendations by the Secretary on the proof, and copy of covering letter from S.A.T. Rowlatt.
  2. Xerox copies of 41 letters from J.D.V. Hodge, to his mother and father mostly undated. Comments and describes matters of general and particular interest relating to his work as Collector in Burdwan and Magistrate in Alipore. The comments are quite detailed and frank and range over a variety of subjects and reveal attitudes to his work and to Indian people. 176pp. A detailed list of the letters is available in the archive

See also: Photographs


Given by Major R.V.E. Hodson

N.W.F.P. 1896-1940


  1. Notes on the tribes of the Khaibar (sic) Range, i.e. Afridis, Mullagoris, Shilmanis and Shinwaris, by Colonel R. Warburton, C.S.I. Punjab Government Press, Lahore 10.12.1896. 43pp. Map of Khyber Political Charge.
  2. TS papers: Statement of half-year Maliki allowances of tribes under the control of Khyber Agency. n.d.
  3. TS Statement of Tribal Allowances and Khassadars in Khyber Agency. n.d.
  4. Mizh: a monograph on Government's relations with the Mahsud tribe by Evelyn Howell, Resident in Waziristan 1924-26. Simla, Government Press 1931. 64pp. Map.
  5. Tour diaries written by R.V.E. Hodson while doing probationary training (for the I.P.S.) as a Supernumerary Assistant Commissioner, Hazara, Abbottabad, with the D.C., Mr. G.C.S. Curtis. The diaries are detailed accounts of the daily work of a D.C.'s daily life in crop inspection, settlement and revenue work. There is a sketch map at the end of each tour, and comments by the D.C.
    • 17-25 April 1940
    • 16-30 May 1940
    • 16-29 Aug 1940
    • 21-29 Oct 1940
    • 14-19 Jan 1941
    • 8 May-30 September 1941 in Kohat area.
    • (At end of book a brief diary for 13 November-25 December - no year given).


  1. Documents used to record revenue and land mutations used by R.V.E. Hodson.
    • The Field Book
    • The Khatauni
    • The Fard Bach
    • The Jamabandi
    • The Khasra Girdawari
    • The Lal Kitab
    • The Revenue Register
    • Map: Shajra Khistwar: Village Jhutmang Tahsil Abbottabad: District Hazara. (scale 1" = 40 Kerams).


Small Collections Box 13

Colonel Sir Thomas Hungerford Holdich, K.C.M.G. (Afghan Boundary Commission and Supt. Frontier Surveys, India; 1892-1898): Major N. Holdich

India general: 1843-1918

  1. Xerox copy of TS memoir of Colonel Sir Thomas Holdich: 'Life Story'.
  2. An account of his life as a military surveyor which took him to many parts of the world, and in India to Rajputana, Bhutan, Central India, Central Provinces, the N.W.F.P., Waziristan, Baluchistan and Kashmir. 92pp.
  3. TS extract from the memoir of Major N. Holdich (grandson) written 1979-80. Memories of life of an army officer mainly in Poona, 1934-40. 8pp.


Given by Mr. E.W. Holland 1975.

Bengal 1923-1947.

  1. Memoir of Life in I.C.S.:
    • Joins 1923, posted to Bengal. Record of first days, and first spell of duty, climate, people, work and organization of Civil Service. S.D.O. Serampore (Hooghly Div); Barrackpore - comment on industries and workers. Incidents and cases. D.M. of Dacca 1930. (See paper on Terrorism in Bengal 1930-35). Notes on dyarchy and hartals. Description. of dealing with Hindu Muslim riot.
    • Touring in riverine districts of- East Bengal by Launch (Bankura). Transferred to Tippera as D.M. Notes on Maharajah of Tippera. Able to do some constructive work at Tippera: (1) with water hyacinth. (2) rural indebtedness - success of arbitration courts in this.
    • 1935 Silver Jubilee celebrations at Comilla.
    • 1936 Government of India Act: consequences and incidents. Profile of minister, Makunda Behary Mallick.
    • Transferred to Finance Dept. to devise method for levying a sales tax in Bengal - Profile of Minister, Mr. H.S. Suhrawardy.
    • Implementing sales-tax.
    • Bill passed 1941.
    • Dec. 1941 Viceroy pays his annual visit to Calcutta. Viceroy's refusal to give party for poorer children. This done by Lady Mary Herbert, wife of the Governor.
    • 1942 Holland made Secretary in the Dept. of Public Health and Local Govt. In charge of Civil Defence.
    • 1942-43 eventful year in Calcutta. Income tax evasion case. Bengali Youth in war effort. First steps taken to deal with Calcutta beggars.
    • 1943 Bengal famine. Insight into Government hospital work.
    • 1944 Profile of Mr. Casey as Governor of Bengal.
    • 1945 Commissioner of Dacca Division. Profile of Sir Frederick and Lady Burrows. Comments on Partition, and Independence.
    • 1947 Chairman of Calcutta Improvement Trust. Description of ceremony on 15 August 1947, and subsequent events at Govt. House.
    • MS paper entitled Terrorism in Bengal 1930-35: a personal reminiscence.
    • Memoir of time as Additional District Magistrate, Dacca, East Bengal, when Civil Disobedience campaign was at its height. Terrorist activities and police action. Transferred to Khulna district - civil disobedience there. Steadfastness and loyalty of Muslims, and Bengal civil services.
    • Example of peaceful method of dealing with demonstrations. Increase in murders. Khulna terrorist group preparing to murder Mr. Holland.
    • Returns after leave as District Magistrate to Bankura. Has a Gurkha battalion there whose cheerful example encourages people.
    • 1934 transferred as D.M. of Tippera district. Gradual change of attitude of people.


(Sir Robert E. Holland)

Given by Philip Mason

  1. 'The Indian states', by Sir Robert E. Holland: draft chapters TS, bound in two volumes. Volume I, Chapters 2-6, and Volume II, Chapters 7-10.
  2. No date, but Sir Robert Holland's dates are P.A. Eastern States Rajputana 1911-13; agent to the Governor-General, Rajputana 1920-25; member Indian Council 1925-31. (b. 1873, entered I.C.S. 1895, d. 1965)


(Flora Holman)

Small Collections Box 14

Given by Miss E.M. Elwin, her granddaughter

Oudh, N.W.F.P.: 1840

  1. 'True Story of Indian Life in the days of the John Company' Xerox copy. 16pp. Childhood memories of Flora Holman nee Campbell, who with her parents and siblings lived in various stations in Oudh. Her father joined Indian army in 1840. She vividly describes Indian country scenes. Posted to a remote station in Garhwal, the family lived in jungle surrounded by wild animals. A journey from Oudh to Peshawar described.


Robin Cyprian Hope, I.C.S. Joined service 1938; Sub-Collector and Joint Magistrate Madras 1941; after independence joined a firm of solicitors, Coward, Chance and Co as an articled clerk. Coward, Chance instructed Sir Walter Monckton in connection with the Nizam of Hyderabad's legal actions following the Indian take-over of Hyderabad in 1948. Mr Hope assisted with this legal work.


  1. File of photocopied papers taken from Government of Madras files and relating to rationing and procurement in the Province during the second world war. The file was put together by Mr Ivor Rhys Jones and include a few papers relating to Mr Rhys Jones' career in the British civil service following Indian independence. 1939-49. 135ff. [Ivor Rhys Jones joined the I.C.S in 1939 and was appointed a Sub Collector and Joint Magistrate in Madras 1942; Joint Secretary, (later Secretary) Board of Revenue, Civil Supplies, Madras April 1944-47.]
  2. Section of a book on Mr Rhys Jones written by his sister, Miss Enid Jones. The section covers Mr Rhys Jones' time in Madras between 1943 and 1947. It was sent to Mr Hope to help him with an article he was writing for the Indo-British Review on civil supplies in Madras from 1942. 160-74pp.
  3. Copy of Mr Hope's article 'Civil supplies in Madras' dated 28 July 1995. 12ff.
  4. The complaint of Hyderabad against the Dominion of India under Article 35 (2) of the Charter of the United Nations. [August 1948.] Printed for H.E. the Nizam's Government. 101pp. Supporting volume of Appendices. 346pp.
  5. Note by Mr Hope on 'Hyderabad's appeal to the United Nations, 1948' dated 21 November 1995. 2ff.



(Sir John Hubback)

  1. 'The closing years of the British Raj.' Memoir, 1902-47. TS. 348 pp.

    Ancestry and childhood; preparatory schools; Winchester; King's; Civil Service examination and engagement; early days in India; survey and settlement; promotion to Settlement Officer; Patna, India Office and Gaya; 'Reforms' and Secretariat; Land Records and promotion to Commissioner; the Simon Commission, return to Orissa, and the Banking enquiry; Chota Nagpur coal-mining; Cooperative credit societies; Board of Revenue and the earthquake of 1934; the Executive Council and appointment as first Governor of Orissa; first year in Orissa; ministers in command; tribes; the Ganjam Rent Bill and postponement of leave; the last lap; murder at Ranpur of Major Bazalgette; World War II; Congress attitudes; South Africa; the homeward voyage; the India Office and S.P.G.; an English home and garden at last; various activities in Kenley and more about the India Office and S.P.G.; last ten years at Kenley and move to Winchester. (Completed in 1965.)

  2. 'Sampling for rice yield in Bihar and Orissa', by J.A. Hubback from Sankhya: the Indian Journal of Statistics, Vol. 7, Part 3.
  3. (Report: first published 1927 as Bulletin No. 166 by the Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa.)


Given by Lt. Commander R.K. Hudson.

E.J.B. Hudson A.I.E.E. Indian Telegraph Dept.

1889-1902 Assistant Supt; 1902-1907 Supt.

Nagpur, Indore, Punjab, Madras, Burma, Sind and Baluchistan, Rajputana, U.P., Arakan, Shillong 1889 -1898.

Books, journals, diaries, notebooks, technical drawings and photographs relating to his training for Posts and Telegraphs at Coopers Hill, and his work in India and Burma.


  1. Diaries: Very brief remarks - mostly social activities, but names nearly everyone he meets.
    • 1887 England
    • 1888 Sailed from Liverpool, 29 November on Nepaul. Arrived Calcutta December 31.
    • 1889 Starts in the workshops in Calcutta. Designing stamps, maps, etc., working under Col. Mallock. Arrives Bombay April. Hunting trip in and around Halliyal. Takes up work in Telegraph Office in Bombay. His Presidency Allowance of Rs. 50 per month is sanctioned. Inspects several local post offices and store yards. September in Poona on holiday. Notes presents bought and their prices. October - visits Mahim, one English bungalow. November - Bombay, fire at Mody's Stores and several large Shipping stores. December - Starts railway line inspection of B.N. Railway from Umaria, Rewah State, C.I. to Sambalpur. Bihar and Orissa State. Daily details of work.
    • 1890 Continued brief descriptions of life and work on telegraph line inspection. At beginning of diary several sketches of the route and of Alexandra Bridge over the river Chenab at Wazirabad. Also lists English residents at Pakopku, Gangaw and Kan in Burma, Gwalior and Morar. June - Gwalior. July - Morar. August - Indore September - Sialkot and Wazirabad working on the Alexandra Bridge. October - Rangoon on the Purnia. Pokoku in November with daily details of camp travel and transport through jungle areas to lay out proposed telegraph line Attacks from Thettah tribe on Changwa and Haka. All yearly accounts at end of diary.
    • 1891 Camp Gangaw. Chin Hills. Sketches of Road Pakkoku to Kan; plan of Gangaw; road to Maymyo from Mandalay. Daily details of life and work. January - down river to Mandalay on the Beeloo an I.F.C. steamer. In charge of Sub-Division and marking out of new lines. March - Rising at Manipur including Naga Hill men. April - To Madras on board Nuddea - then Bangalore, Ootacamund where he works on telephone line from Exchange to Government House, Coonor, Salem, Arcot, Katpadi and other places around Bangalore on telegraph line inspection. September - Veniyambadi, Jarlarpet, Coimbatore, Bul, Salem - various dates and notes about year at end of diary and all accounts.
    • 1892 Sketches of route from Mysore to Kakankote, Mysore to 'Morlay Hall'. Dates and places visited at beginning of diary - all from Coonoor. Also loose list (marked A) of things sent home for Christmas 1892. Daily details of work and people met.
    • 1893 Sketch showing bungalows and mileages of villages between Madras and Gudur. Works in and from Bangalore. August - home leave, Bombay to Brindisi on the Peninsular. Returned to Madras in October via Bombay. December - to Karachi.
    • 1894 Working from Sibi to the Bolan Pass. Names villages and work detail. August - Ziarat. November - visit of Viceroy.
    • 1895 Quetta, Baluchistan. January - Beleli, Bubak. February - Abigum and bridges over the Bolan River, e.g. the Bibinani Bridge. Details of daily life and work on line inspection and met. Sibi and Nari Gorge. March - Kundilani, Rindli. May - Mukhtar, Murgha, fort Sandeman. (.Newspaper cutting 21 July 1919 about a convoy captured near Fort Sandeman). Stays in Political Agent's bungalow built by Sandeman before cantonment was made. Fort Mik is overcrowded. Gives names of regiments stationed at all the forts and cantonments and names officers in command who he encounters in his line inspection work. More newspaper cuttings from later years fixed to diary pages. Always travels with escort several murders reported. Daily description of journey on to Fort Munro, Dera Ghazi Khan, Mooltan, Quetta. First through train from Sibi to Quetta. July - posted to Hyderabad, Scind, to take over charge of the Kotri Rohri Construction. November - Quetta. December - Bombay and Karachi.
    • 1896 Quetta - commencing work on line to Hindubagh. Newspaper cutting 1919. October - Bombay, departs for England on the P. & 0. SS. Thames.


  1. Diaries, continued:
    • 1897 England.
    • 1898 England. At beginning of diary, a detailed layout of his finances including investments. March - left Marseilles on the Clyde for Bombay. Posted to Arakan, Burma. - living in new bungalow belonging to Chartered Bank in Akyab. November - posted to Shillong, much rebuilding after earthquake of 1897. Mostly social life.
  2. Magazine: Gallery of Illustration: The route of the overland Mail to India from Southampton to Calcutta. 7th ed. London. 1851.
  3. Indian Telegraph Department - Seniority and Retirement List - 1908 Calcutta.
  4. Classified List and Distribution Return of Establishment - Telegraph Department 1888, Calcutta.
  5. Notebook on Descriptive Engineering. Handwritten, Coopers Hill 1885 with illustrations.
  6. Notebook on Architecture; handwitten with illustrations 1886.


  1. Clarke, George Sydenham: Practical Geometry and Engineering Drawing. London, n.d.
  2. Technical Instructions: Department of Telegraphs. 2 vols. Illus. Simla, 1888.
  3. Professor Reilly's Course of Mechanics applied to Construction. Diagrams. n.d. n.p.
  4. Coopers Hill Society. Annual Reports 1906-36.


  1. Coopers Hill Magazine: 1897-1945 (incomplete)

See also: Books, photographs


(Colonel H.B. Hudson, I.A.)

Colonel Hudson was in the Indian Army, travelled widely, spent one year on duty in Tibet and made three survey journeys for the Himalaya Route Books.


  1. Twenty-nine Survey of India Maps. (listed by Sheet No. Date Place Scale):
    • 38 0/2 1937 Kohat District and Tribal Territory 1 in.= 1 mile
    • 38 0 1929 Kohat 1 in.= 4 miles
    • B 1939 Kohat and Surrounding Country 1 in.= 1 mile
    • 43 1916 Srinagar 1.014ins.= 1 mile
    • (revised based on 1842-1860)
    • 43 F 1928 Abbottabad 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 43 9 & 12 1932 Tribal Territory Hazafara District 1in.= 1 mile
    • 43 1929 Rawalpindi District 1 in.= 1 mile
    • 43 I 1934 Gilgit 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 43 J 1935 Srinagar 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 43 J/16 1912 Srinagar 1 in.= 1 mile
    • 43 K 1923 Punch 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 43 1915 Muzzafarabad District & Punch State 1 in.= 1 mile
    • 52 B 1916 Ladakh District 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 52 F 1875 Ladakh District 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 53E/8 1928 Simla District and Simla Hill States 1 in.= 1 mile
    • (2nd ed. 1935) Patiala and Suhet States
    • 53 H 1933 Delhi 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 1933 Delhi 1.014ins.=32 miles
    • 1942 Delhi Guide Map 3 ins.= 1 mile 55 1935 Nagpur 1.014ins.=16 miles
    • 55 1/9 1912 Saugor District 1 in.= 1 mile
    • 55 1/10 1910 Bhopal State; Saugor District 1 in.= 1 mile
    • 55 J/7 1913 Betul, Chhindwara and Hoshangabad Dist. 1 in.= 1 mile
    • 77 D 1929 Kampa Dzong 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 77H 1930 Gyantse 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 78 A 1923 Darjeeling 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 78E 1934 Punakha 1 in.= 4 miles
    • 1917 Tibet & Adjacent Countries 1 in.= 39.451 miles
    • 1940 South East Asian Series: Yunnan 1 in.= 31.566 miles
    • 1941 South East Asian Series: Rangoon 1 in.= 31.566 miles
  2. 3 Oil Paintings by HBH (framed)
    • Nanga Parbat (26,620 ft.) from near Chibas, on the River Indus.
    • Source of the Shyok River, where it emerges from the Shyok Glacier at about 15,000 ft. (with sketch map of  N.E. Kashmir on reverse, giving location)
    • View of the Safed Koh (a subsidiary of the Hindu Kush) above Parachinar, from the Kurram Valley. Highest point shown is 14-15,000 ft. Parachinar was the HQ of the Kurram militia.
  3. Six articles by P. Fleming, The Statesman December 1935. One article, The Statesman December 1935. 14 ff.
  4. Two articles, The Times September 1948 on Central Asia. 2 ff.
  5. Peter Fleming's obituary The Times August 1971. 1 f.
  6. Two articles Daily Mail November 1937 about Theo Bernard. 3 ff.
  7. An account of a journey from Thal to Gyantse, Tibet in 1937. 35 ff.
  8. Summary of a diary, notes and letters written in Tibet 1937-38. List of books. 20 ff.
  9. Letter from J.G.I. Keys, 15th Punjab Regiment. September 1939. 4 ff.
  10. Extracts from diary of J.G.I. Keys, 15th Punjab Regiment. February March 1940. 7 ff.
  11. Newspaper cuttings etc., dealing with the search for and installation of the new Dalai Lama 1936-40. 16 ff.
  12. Two newspaper cuttings about a Tibetan flood 1940. 3 ff.
  13. Route to Gyantse, Tibet, in section, showing altitudes. 1 f.
  14. Newspaper cuttings about Tibet 1949-1983. 18 ff.
  15. Copy of article Daily Telegraph August 1910. 1 f.
  16. Photocopy of autobiographical memoir by Colonel Hudson entitled: 'A backward glance'.

    This is an enthusiastic and nostalgic account of the career of an officer of the Indian Army during the years 1932 to 1947, much of it spent with the 1 st Battalion of the 15th Punjab Regiment. Colonel Hudson's career took him to posts in the Punjab and the North West Frontier and his vacations were spent in exploring the western Himalayas above Kashmir, areas largely unpenetrated by foreigners.

    A memorable year (1937-1938) was spent in Tibet with part of his batallion acting as Indian Army Escort to the British Agency in Yatung and Gyantse. It is described with humour and affection, although he was fully aware of Tibet's 'tyrannical religious government', its cruelty and the 'shattering poverty' of its people.

    The speed with which Army personnel were moved from one station to another during the 1939-45 War is illustrated by the account of his many transfers. A course at the Small Arms School, Pachmari, Central Provinces preceded six months in Staff College at Ouetta which was followed by a brief appointment to Ahmadnagar on the Deccan Plateau. From there he was sent to the General Staff at Army Headquarters, Delhi in the summer of 1941. He describes the delights of life in Simla with his wife and family, whence the entire Government of India moved for the hot weather months.

    Shortly after their return to Delhi he was ordered to Quetta and shortly after that to Dibrugarh, Assam, a journey of seven days. The date was April 1942: the Japanese were threatening the eastern borders of India. Hudson's job was to help with the settlement of refugees, Indian and Chinese. A brief stint in Peshawar followed.

    At the end of 1944 he was sent to Italy, north of Florence, to take command of the 3rd Battalion of the Mahratta Light Infantry, 10th Indian Division. He gives a graphic description of his War in Italy; tales of bravery of the Mahratta soldiers, their terrible injuries and losses, and finally, after VE Day, the fortunes of the battalion during its seven months' stay in post-War Italy.

    After his return to India and to his family he was posted again to Army Headquarters in Delhi as Assistant Adjutant General, dealing with the repatriation of British officers and their families.

    Home leave for himself and his family followed (his first since 1936). During this time he was asked, in a letter signed by Mountbatten, to return to India to help in making smooth the transfer of power.

    His return to Delhi took place shortly after the celebration of Independence Day (15 August 1947) in both new countries. The unnatural quiet seemed to him, as it proved to be, the calm before the storm. He describes atrocities on both sides of the border, and particularly in Delhi and Lahore.

    Colonel Hudson favoured Indian Independence and saw that partition and the creation of Pakistan was inevitable, but he deplored the way in which the actual transfer was carried out, resulting in so much carnage. 'The ultimate tragedy ... was haste. All safety standards were sacrificed on the altar of expediency.' 350pp.


(T.L. Hughes C.B.E. and Mrs Hughes)

Burma: 1941-1947

  1. Memoir 'Some personal recollections of Burma, 1941-47', by Thoms Lewis Hughes. (Chapter 1, pp. 1-21, missing):
    • CHAPTER II - GOVERNMENT IN EXILE: Appointed P.S. to Sir Reginald Dorman Smith, Burma.The Loss of Burma ? its effect on British and Burmese. 1942 Takes up appt. in Simla. The situation in Burma. Outline for Burmese Independence. 1943 New S.E. Asia command: appt. of Lord Mountbatten. 1944 Blue Print for Burma published. 1945 Policy promulgated in White Paper.
    • CHAPTER III- RETURN TO RANGOON: Appointed as personal representative of the Government of Burma and Chief Liaison Office to G.O.C. XIV Army in Rangoon. Civil Affairs Service C.A.S.(B) Charged with rehabilitation. The Handover: Japanese capitulation. Civil govt designed to return to Burma on 1 October 1945. 1 February 1946 Commission dissolved: consequences of transfer to Civil Govt. The Timeliness of handover. South Asia Command - parallel to C.A.S.(B).
    • CHAPTER IV - THE POLITICAL SCENE: 1945 R.M.S. Cumberland brings Governor, Sir Reginald Dorman-Smith, to Rangoon. Effect of Anti-Fascist organisation. Later the Anti Fascist People`s Freedom League. Aung Sang and A.F.P.F.L. The Thakin Movement. The Burma Independence Army re-formed as Burma Defence Army: Japanese played off against British. Burma National Army, Mountbatten, and Aung Sang. A.F.P.F.L. disintegrates and reforms. Myochit Party and U Saw. Dobama Asi Ayone absorbed into Mahabama Asi Ayone. Sinyetha Party absorbed into Mahabama Asi Ayone. Nomination of Executive Council, Results of Contracts with prewar personalties. Governor's return and control of political parties. A.F.P.F.L. remains independent possibly leading to severance of ties with Britain. 1946 The Executive Council in office and Hughes appointed as Secretary. Legislative Council announced. Attitude of Public and Press after liberation.
    • CHAPTER V: September 1946 Hughes delivers lecture to the Royal Central Asian Society on Law and Order in Burma.
    • CHAPTER VI - COOPERATION OR CHAOS: Threat of Rebellion. Labour Govt. appointed in England. Pethick-Lawrence new Secretary of State for Burma. Dorman-Smith retained as Governor: sets up Council of Ministers. Aung San's position. A.F.P.F.L. increasingly powerful. 'The End of a Career' Dorman-Smith proposes Constituent Assembly: Hughes remains as Governor's Secretary, serving Sir Henry Knight. Dorman-Smith replaced as Governor by General Rance.
    • CHAPTER VII - EPILOGUE: Hughes retires to write Report on Civil Administration of Burma 1945-6. 'The Republic of Burma'. A.F.P.F.L. organises national strike. Burmese Delegation to London to discuss new Constitution for fully independent Burma. Burma secedes from the Commonwealth and becomes independent Republic. 19 July 1947 - Aung San killed. 4 January 1948 - British rule ends. Speculation on what might have been if Dorman-Smith's proposal had been followed. Present day conditions
  2. Memoir: 'No Business in Camp', by Neil Hughes. Memoir of the wife of T.L. Hughes q.v. who went into camp all over Burma with her husband, and their ordeal from 1941. 236pp. Map. Drawings.


Given by Mrs. Lee-Warner


  1. Nine diaries 1888-1919 belonging to Colonel A.H.B. Hume, Royal Engineers.
  2. Photographs of St. Mary's Church Lansdowne, N.W.F.P., built by Hume (then Lt.) in 1895.


  1. Miscellaneous pamphlets published by the India Defence League and the Indian Empire Society.
  2. Hansard of debates in the House of Commons in .May and July 1949.
  3. Offprints from various newspapers etc. dealing with the subject of the White Paper on India.
  4. Correspondence relating to the Indian Defence League and the Indian White Paper. Contains correspondence between Col. Hume and the Indian Empire Society and Lord Fermoy; notes of a meeting of the Junior Imperial League Club with the names of office holders and resolutions passed, 29 March 1933; letter from Sir Samuel Hoare regarding the resolutions passed at the meeting; resolution and protests passed against the Government's India policy at various meetings and from officers serving in India; correspondence with the Archbishop of Canterbury, Captain H.W. Lance, the Church Missionary Society, International Missionary Council, Indian Empire Society, Col. Waterfield, Lord Fermoy, Col. Seymour, Lord Lymington, Captain A.C. Rippon, A.B.M. Churchill, Sir Samuel Hoare, enclosing a printed letter and pamphlet on pensions for officers serving in India; Louis Stuart, Sir Francis Younghusband, H? Lawrence, the Editor of the Morning Post, H.R. Warner, Lord Wolmer; this correspondence covers the period 1931-5 February 1936; there are 89 letters.
  5. MS notes on India made for a talk to the Rotary Club; includes an extract on Constitutional reform by an Indian member of the Bengal Legislative Council Conference, August 1930; an offprint from an article in the Daily Mail l7 April 1933, 'India and the lesson of Ceylon'; The Indian Review, No. 5, May 1933.
  6. Confidential letter from A.P. Hume to G.K. Darling, Commissioner Lucknow Division, giving the results of his enquiries into the Civil Disobedience movement in his district, 4 May 1932.
  7. Pamphlet entitled 'Civil appointments in India and Burma'. Gives conditions of service, etc. in Indian civil and political service and Indian Police and Frontier Service in Burma, 1945.
  8. Indian Civil Service Commission. Examination papers for 1915-17, 1922; syllabus of the examination for 1925; syllabus and some examination papers for 1926.
  9. Various other examination papers and papers connected with the Civil Service Commission, 1925-26.
  10. Congress Green Book No. 1 'The skeleton at the (jubilee) feast.' (Being a series of suggestions towards the prevention of famine in India), by Sir W. Wedderburn, Bart., M.P. London 1897. 20 pp.
  11. The annual administration report of the Hardwar-Union Municipality for the year ending 31 March 1929. Lucknow, 1929. 44pp.; and for the year ending 31 March 1930. Meerut. 47pp. (2 copies). Annual administrative report of the Roorkee Municipality for the year ending 31 March 1930, Bareilly. 27 pp.
  12. Tour programme for 17 November - 13 December. MSS. 8 pp.
  13. Details of wages and bills paid from February 1930 - February 1931. MSS.
  14. Notes on ability etc. of members of his staff and officials; results of inspections made of Tahsils and districts.
  15. 'Notes on Indian history', by A.B. Hume, C.I.E., I.C.S. MSS. 180 pp. plus 25pp.
  16. 'A note on Warren Hastings.' TS. 2pp.
  17. 'A Himalayan railway.' TS. 5pp.
  18. Speech made by the Viceroy at the jubilee dinner of the Bengal Chamber of Commerce. TS. 3pp.


  1. Maps of India, ordinance survey, road maps and others. (Box and roll.)
  2. List of officers it the survey of India, corrected to 1 July 1902. Government Printer, Calcutta, 1902.
  3. Standing Orders for the Royal Engineers in India. Adjutant General in India,
  4. Simla 1909. Government Printer, Calcutta, 1909. (with amendments).
  5. Corrections to the Standing Orders for the Royal Engineers in India. Lists Nos. 1-3.
  6. Reprint from The Royal Engineers Journal, 1933.
  7. Extracts from the Pioneer 13 February 1911; 18 and 19 February 1912. Articles on India.
  8. Poster entitled 'The cultivator stands at the cross roads.'
  9. Correspondence relating to the Black Mountain Tribes, 1915-16.
  10. Illustrated London News, 16 November 1935. India Issue.
  11. Laudatory Poem.
  12. Invitation to join mess.
  13. Loose photographs of buildings, scenery etc. Covering the period 1895-1944.
  14. Four albums of photographs: various subjects mostly identified: includes visit of H.E. the Marquis of Linlithgow to Benares, 1936; inspection tour with Sir Harry Haig, 1936; scenes in India 1927; second voyage to India, 1931.


  1. Miscellaneous printed papers relating to the Balloon Section in India from 1892 to the demolition of the balloon shed at Aldershot in 1963.
  2. Synopsis of lecture on aeronautics by Major B. Baden-Powell. Royal Naval War College, 1910.
  3. Survey of India reunion. Bulletin. 1955.
  4. Survey of India, conditions of service, 1904.
  5. An account of the scientific work of the Survey of India; prepared for the use of the Survey Committee, 1905.
  6. Letters received from soldiers after the publication of a letter by Colonel Hume in the Daily Mail, 18 July 1950, regarding the Balloon Section.
  7. The Rattle Vol. II, No. 2 Shanghai, January 1901.
  8. G.O.C.C. 465 dated 15 June 1903.
  9. War Service of officers serving is North China in 1900 to be recorded for service.
  10. Rules of the Pekin Military Meeting and assault at arms at Pekin, April 1901.


  1. Times of India Annual, 1937.
  2. The Naresh, Lahore, Empire number 1930.
  3. Roy's Weekly, Annual, 1937.
  4. Times Press, Bombay: Indian pictorial education 1928.
  5. Indian State Railways Magazine, Vol. X No. 11 1937; Vol. XI Nos. 1, 10-11, 1937-38.
  6. Illustrated Weekly of India, Vol. LVI Nos. 26, 31, 33, 1935; Vol. LXIII No. 41, 1942; Vol. LXV Nos. 12, 18-19, 35, 41, 46, 53; Vol. LXVI Nos. 3, 16, 20, 34, 37, 39, 40-41; Vol. LVXII Nos. 3-6, 8-15, 17-18, 21. 25, 28-30, 32, 35-39, 41-45, 47, 48, 50, 1945-46.


  1. Diaries of A.H.B. Hume, 1893, 1920-45, 1953-57.
  2. Delhi Guide Map. Scale 3 inches to 1 mile. 1931.
  3. Diary of A.P. Hume aged 12, 1917, in India.
  4. Photograph album of Delhi - personal, 1919.


  1. Report on the relief of congestion in Delhi, Simla 1936, by A.P. Hume. 2 vols. Vol. 2 Appendices.
  2. Government of India. Department of Education, Health and Lands. Delhi Improvement Trust. 'Application to Delhi of the United Provinces Town Improvement Act, 1919, with certain modifications.' Delhi 1937. Enclosed in front page is a cutting from The Statesman, 18 March 1938 on the Delhi Improvement Trust.
  3. Map of Delhi district with boundary of the jurisdiction of the Delhi Improvement Trust marked. 1933.
  4. Cuttings from the Hindustan Times and The Statesman including one by A.P. Hume on 'How to build a Delhi without slums', 27 November 1939.
  5. Sketch map of Delhi area.
  6. TS with MS heading: Friday 19 March 1937 (Chairman's memorandum to trustees.) Item 2 - Improvement Trust.
  7. Brochure of the opening ceremony by H.E. the Viceroy of the Delhi Improvement Trust, New Fruit and Vegetable Market, on Tuesday 17 February 1942.
  8. Copy of The Statesman, Saturday 18 November 1939, with article on the 'Rs 22 Lakhs subsidy to rid Delhi of slums'.
  9. Blue print of key plan showing jurisdiction of Delhi Improvement Trust.
  10. Copy of The Spectator: an Indian Review of Insurance, Trade and Industry for March 1937, Volume I, No. 1 with article on Delhi Improvement Trust.
  11. Miscellaneous papers of A.P. Hume, File 1:
  12. Contract of service in the I.C.S. 21 October 1927 for the United Provinces; record of qualifications and service of A.P. Hume, C.I.E.; copy of letter of application to Colonial Development Corporation, 4 May 1948; copy of letter to Lord ? on a report of remarks made in the House of Lords on 16 July 1947 during the consideration of the Indian Independence Bill. Cuttings from The Times about the transfer of power in India, n.d.
  13. Copy of memorandum presumably from Hume dated September 1946 to ? stating the necessity of knowing whether his services are to be retained or not.
  14. Copies of two letters from Hume to S.S.L. Dar, I.C.S., Commissioner Benares Division, 5 February 1947 and 21 February 1947 about abuse in the Press, seditious speeches and representations particularly the Swadeshi Exhibition in the Benares Town Hall.
  15. Abstract of speech by Mohan Lal Gautam at a meeting of the Jallianwala Bagh Day in the Town Hall Benares, 13 April 1946, and also of Chandra Sekhar Asthana; true copy made at the meeting by the shorthand reporter for the Superintentent of Police.
  16. District Magistrate's remarks on the Police Annual Administration Report for Benares District 1946.
  17. Extract from Mr. Bonarjee's handing over note, including note on Hume.
  18. Printed express letter from the Chief Secretary to Government U.P. to all officers of I.C.S. etc.... who are eligible to retire under the Premature Retirement Rules.
  19. Letter of protest about remarks in the speech made by the Premier of the United Provinces in the Legislative Assembly 31 July 1946 about the Indian Civil Service.
  20. Printed copy of the Premier's speech.
  21. H.M.S.O. Cmd. 7116 India Compensation for the Services.
  22. Government of India Home Department Premature Retirement Rules 1937 - amendments. Correspondence between Hume and the Accounts Department in the High Commission.
  23. Letters about Hume's compensation.
  24. I.C.S. (Retired) Association Annual Report 1949 together with duplicated sheet on registration as U.K. citizens of persons born in India. Miscellaneous papers of the I.C.S. (Retired) Association and Pensions Offices.
  25. Envelope of miscellaneous newspaper cuttings of the results of partition.
  26. Miscellaneous papers, File 2:
  27. Indian Civil Service family pension scheme.
  28. Memorandum submitted to the Indian Statutory Commission by the All-India Association of European Government Servants, 1928. Copy of the Government of India Act, 1919 and its practical effects.
  29. Joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reform: representation submitted on behalf of the Indian Civil Service Association. Tables of Indian Civil Service family pensions.
  30. U.P. Indian Civil Service Association - proposals on compensation July 1946.
  31. Confidential minutes of a meeting of the combined I.C.S. and I.P. Associations held at New Delhi on 13 April 1946.
  32. Report by Hume as Assistant Manager, Court of Wards Estate, Balrampur, to the C.I.D. Special Branch, Allahabad on the Roorkee Affray, 10 February 1933.
  33. Memorandum representing the views of the All-India Association of European Government Servants on the future position of the Services. n.d.
  34. Newspaper cuttings of Indian Civil Service allocation of candidates. Table of results of the final examination held in August 1927 of I.C.S. probationers.
  35. The Indian Civil Service family pension rules and the Indian Civil Service (non-European members) family pension rules. London, 1926. 
      Miscellaneous papers - Persian vocabularies, extracts etc.
  36. The Damdama Magazine, Vol. I No. 1, January 1929, editor: Mahabir Prasad Parashari.
  37. Caste index and classification of Christians by Sect. Census 22 September 1930
  38. Printed circular from the Secretary to Government U.P. to all heads of departments, Commissioners of Divisions, D.O.s etc. November 1934.
  39. Regulations of examinations of selected candidates for the I.C.S. 1926. Instructions for the final examination of one-year men selected in 1926 for the I.C.S.


  1. Statutory Rules and Orders, 1924, No. 1395. India (as modified up to 15 July 1926.) The superior civil services ... rules 1924.
  2. 'Rent and revenue problems', by A.A. Waugh, 30 August 1934.
  3. Confidential report: Punjab and Frontier Association of European Government Servants. President's annual report ... 1932-33.
  4. Pamphlet of examinations of I.C.S. probationers, ... 1926.
  5. Administration report of the Delhi Improvement Trust for the years 1937-39, New Delhi 1940.
  6. Administration report of the Delhi Improvement Trust for the years 1939-41. New Delhi, 1942. (2 copies)
  7. Delhi Improvement Trust, T/3. Delhi Ajmeri Gate slum clearance and development scheme. April 1941.
  8. Miscellaneous papers:
  9. Service sheet of the Memorial Service for King George V held in New Delhi, January 1936.
  10. Copy of a letter from Lord Linlithgow to Hume expressing thanks for services in Delhi Improvement Trust, and also from E.M. Jenkins the Chief Commissioner.
  11. Record of a trip to Kashmir, September-October 1943. TS. 27 pp.
  12. File of notes on British Israelite study.
  13. Curriculum vitae of A.P. Hume, C.I.E. 1921-1947.


  1. Small collection of .newspaper cuttings ? 1930-32, Morning Post; Evening News; Lynn Advertiser; Daily Mail collected by Clara E. Hume, wife of A.H.B. Hume.
  2. Collection of newspaper cuttings ? 1933-35, Morning Post etc., mostly about terrorism.
  3. Collection of letters, copies of letters, cuttings etc.
  4. "The Bihar Planters case" November 1938 - Letter about plight of planters in Bihar v. Congress.
  5. Newspaper cutting 1930.
  6. Copy of letter 7.8.30 to Lord Fermoy from A.H.B. Hume (?) about his choice of policy towards India within Conservative Party i.e. Socialist or Imperialist orientated.
  7. 1934 extract from 2 letters headed "The Indian Betrayal".
  8. MS copies of letter from A.H.B. Hume to the Archbishop of Canterbury 8.5.1933 about the attitude. of the Joint Select Committee of 1933 to British/Indian rule. The Archbishop's acknowledgement - copy.
  9. Copy of extract. from The Pioneer, 20 October 1928.
  10. Copies of correspondence between Sir Samuel Hoare and A.B.H. Hume about Junior. Imperial Leaguers misgivings over constitution of Joint Select Committee.
  11. Poster of lecture to India Defence League.
  12. Menu of India Defence League Luncheon - 21 July 1933.
  13. Newspaper cuttings 1934/35 about India Defence League.
  14. Acknowledgement of letter from Sir Samuel Hoare to Mrs. A. Hume.
  15. Newscutting 1934 about John C.C. Davidson,
  16. TS copy of extract of a letter from 'an officer in the Indian Civil Service' 3 May 1933, anti-White Paper.
  17. 2 newspaper cuttings about Rudyard Kipling and the Indian Defence League. 1933.
  18. Weekly programme of events in Naini Tal 1929.
  19. Correspondence between Mrs. Arthur Hume and the Duchess of Atholl about the White Paper.
  20. MS list of groups headed 'Against the Disintegration of Empire'.
  21. MS copy of a letter from Miss Hotz of the Hotel Cecil, Delhi, 29 November 1947, about the chaos after Independence.
  22. TS extract from a letter of 'a Junior member of the Indian Civil Service' May 5, 1933.
  23. Programme for the Silver Jubilee 1935 at Delhi, 14-16 May 1935.
  24. MS letter written by Andrew Hume from Mussorie 31 May 1943. 10pp. about an expedition in the hills and way of travelling etc.
  25. Letter from A.H.B. Hume to his wife from Circuit House, Benares, 24 February 1945, about. Indian Naval Mutiny; polling and changing way of life.
  26. File entitled Hume Letters Balrampur State and others.
  27. Letters of acknowledgement, requests for help, thanks etc. to Mr. A.P. Hume from Balrampur State.
  28. TS address given in honour of Mr. and Miss Hume on the occasion of Mr. Hume's departure from the post of Assistant Manager, Balrampur State, to become District Commissioner, New Delhi.
  29. Copy of paragraph 24 of Court's order 16 May 1935 about success of Mr. Hume as Special Nanager, Court of Wards Estate, Balrampur.
  30. 5 similar letters of farewell and requests.
  31. TS draft of a letter from A.P. Hume seeking a job in the Conservative party, after resigning from the ICS due to Government's policy towards India.
  32. 10 letters of farewell and requests etc. January-May 1935.
  33. Correspondence about A.P. Hume's transfer from Balrampur to Delhi, January 1935.
  34. Invitation card from India Defence League, 1933.MS list of A.P. Hume's relatives connected with India. MS sheet 'Some Thoughts' in A.P. Hume's writing, about the handover in 1947.
  35. Letters, aerographs, and.telegrams written from India mostly from A.P. Hume to his parents, sister and wife in England during the years 1929-1945. Most cover the war years 1940-45. They are personal, but there is a considerable amount of discussion of political and social trends and events in the years covered. (100 sheets).
  36. Scrapbook of newspaper cuttings collected by Clara E. Hume,wife of Colonel. A.H.B. Hume. 1929-1947.
  37. Diary notes by Clara E. Hume. Benares, February 1913 Detailed description of a two day visit to the city. 10pp. February 27, 1913. Further description of Benares, and particularly of a Boys' Reformatory there.
  38. Sheet of notes 1937 about decay of womanhood.
  39. Double page of a letter or notes in pencil, from Naukachia Lake, 26 June 1912, about a beautiful evening scene. (b -d = 12 sheets)
  40. Photograph album: Balrampur 1935. Containing photographs of A.P. Hume and his sister Miss Hume and other groups including the Maharaja Sri Pateshwari Prasad Singh. Loose photograph at end, military group, Mesopotamia 1918.
  41. Photograph: Nazul Group: Fyzabad 1928. (Including A.P. Hume Nazul Officer.)
  42. Photograph album Temples of Southern India. Published by Nicholas & Co., Madras. n.d.
  43. Group. M.B. High School, New Delhi Hockey team, and Signalling Scout Team 1939-40. Includes Mr. and Mrs. A.P. Hume.
  44. 3 letters from A.H.B. Hume to his wife Clara, very personal, and give the details of day to day living, .the discomforts and way of life. (12pp.):
    • 3 February 1900 Cumbum: Describes railway journey from Guntakal 1900 to Cumbum (Madras). Plague passports issued at Cumbum. Describes Forest bungalow formerly a Railway bungalow and country.
    • 4 February 1900 Camp Nallakalwa: Joins Wilson (Forest Officer) 1900 Dewan put Nanjangode bungalow at their disposal. Not well. Cumbum tank dry.
    • 15 July 1915 Abbottabad: News of a deserter who escapes. Very hot, plums picked, domestic incidents of man left in the plains to his wife in the hills.
  45. Miscellaneous papers of A.P. Hume mostly between 1942-45.
  46. Photograph of A.P. Hume 1927.
  47. Two letters from Superintendent of Police, Saharanpur, U.P.
    • To A.P.H. about guard on Bungalow etc. 21.10.1931. TS
    • To Dunne saying he is posting an armed guard night and day on bungalow after Roorkii incident, and telling him to take care. Marked Confidential and in MS.
  48. TS description of trek up the Sindh Valley written 8 October 1942 by Mrs.A.P. Hume.
  49. 3 letters of appreciation from E.M. Jenks. 1940.
  50. Letter of appreciation of work for Delhi Improvement Trust from Lord Linlithgow. 24 June 1941.
  51. Letter and Resolution from New Delhi Municipal Committee,
  52. 27 May 1941, expressing appreciation of work for the city.
  53. Pencil draft of A.P.H.'s letter of acknowledgement to the Viceroy.
  54. Letter from Gilbert Laithwaite acknowledging A.P.H.'s letter to the Viceroy.
  55. Copy of Notification of empowerment to take over as District Magistrate in New Delhi, 21 February 1943.
  56. Letter from Chief Commissioner, A.V. Askwith, Delhi to A.P.H., thanking him for taking over internal security work in New Delhi during the security officer's illness. Mentions Gandhi. 27 February 1943.
  57. Programme of the Investiture at Government House, Allahabad by His Excellency Sir Frances Wylie, Governor, United Provinces, Saturday, 2 February 1946, at which A.P. Hume received the C.I.E., and others received various awards including Khan and Rai Bahadur, etc. A short citation follows each name.
  58. Formal letter from the Secretary to the Governor of the United Provinces conferring C.I.E. on A.P.H. December 30, 1946.
  59. Warrant from the King granting C.I.E.
  60. Letter of acknowledgement by A.P.H. to (a).
  61. Printed Memorandum and Supplement of Information as to the Wearing of Insignia of the Orders of the Star of India and the Indian Empire and of Medals, by civilian members of those orders and holders of medals. 8pp. (+ Duplicate of one supplement).
  62. 3 Newspaper cuttings: On Delhi Improvement Trust and Town Planning. The Statesman March 11, 13, 20, 1937.
  63. Newspaper cuttings from envelope marked 'General interest`.
  64. Photographs from The Statesman of A.P.. Hume's wedding in Delhi.
  65. Statesman 2 April 1938. Article: The passing of the Delhi Club: historic occasion in Ludlow Castle: on reverse article on retirement of Mr. R.C. Morgan of Messrs. Sandersons & Morgans of Calcutta:
  66. Undated unnamed cutting on retirement of Sir James Scott Pitkeathly, Deputy Director-General of Supply and Chief Controller of Indian Stares Department.
  67. The Times 11 April 1957. Obituary of Lord Hunter, who had been Chairman of the special committee appointed to inquire into the shooting at Amritsar in 1919.
  68. & (g)Two articles: shoeing horses and sporting hints.
  69. Newspaper cuttings (all 1935) from envelope marked 'Delhi 1935'. 
  70. Statesman 12 March on A.P. Hume's appointment as Deputy Commissioner.
  71. Statesman 20 September on Delhi Water Wastage.
  72. Hindustan Times 20 September on Opposition to increase in Water rate in Delhi.
  73. Hindustan Times 24 September on Farewell party to A.P.H.
  74. Statesman 27 September. On Farewell luncheon to A.P.H. in Delhi.
  75. ? The Times n.d. Notification of A.P.H.'s appointment as Chairman of Delhi Improvement Trust.
  76. Letter from Philip Mason with circular which he sent out to members of the Indian Civil Service (Retired) Association asking for help in compilation of book on ICS (later known as The Men Who Ruled India),under the pseudonym Philip Woodruff.
  77. Copy of Resolution passed at a meeting of the Notified Area Committee, Delhi, 7 September, 1935 in appreciation of work of A.P. Hume.
  78. Copy of Resolution passed at a meeting of the Delhi Municipal Committee on 19 September 1935 in appreciation of work of A.P. Hume.
  79. Laudatory poem to Inspector General S.B. Young.
  80. Service Sheet of Memorial Service to Queen Victoria, Holy Trinity Cathedral, Shanghai, February 2, 1901 together with invitation card in Chinese, and MS poem inside service sheet in Japanese.
  81. Xerox copy of Lt. Colonel A.H.B. Hume's record of instruction and service 1888-1919. (Army Form B.199A).

Books presented:

  • Aberigh-Mackay, G. Twenty-one days in India. London, 1896.
  • Bagchi, P.C. Calcutta past and present. Calcutta, 1939.
  • Cadogan, Edward. The India we saw. London, 1933.
  • Hearn, G. The seven cities of Delhi .... Calcutta, Simla, 1928.
  • Heaton, Charles. Medical hints for hot climates .... London, 1897.
  • Lawrence, Sir Walter Roper. The India we served: with an introductory letter by Rudyard Kipling. London, 1928.
  • Moon, Penderel. Strangers in India. London, 1944.
  • Naini Tal: a historical and descriptive account. Allahabad, U.P. Government Press, 1928.
  • Nichols, Beverley. Verdict on India. London, 1944.
  • Pimblett, W. How the British won India. London, 1895.
  • Rai, Hem Chandra. Romance of the Fort of Gwalior. Delhi, 1931.
  • Roberts, P.E. History of British India under the Company and the Crown. O.U.P. 1923.
  • United Provinces. Civil List. Pt. I . . . corrected up to 15 November 1934. Allahabad, 1934.
  • Whistler, H. Popular handbook of Indian birds. 2nd ed. London, 1935.
  • Yeats-Brown, F. Martial India. London, 1945.
  • Younghusband, Francis. Kashmir. London, 1933.


(G.H. Hunt)

  1. Uhl River Hydro-Electric Project - Mandi Hydro-Electric Scheme: Three booklets with photographs and diagrams describing the work of the scheme January 1929 - February 1931, together with the opening speeches by Sir Geoffrey de Montmorency the Governor of the Punjab, the Chief Engineer and others.
  2. One booklet entitled 'The Mandi hydro-electric scheme; this is a duplicate without special presentation binding.
  3. Three newspaper cuttings 1932 describing the project. (newspaper not known.)


Small Collections Box 14

(Given by R.C.C. Hunt)

Madras 1939-1947.

  1. Innocents in India. A memoir of life in the ICS (Madras.) 1939-1947.
    • Ch. 1 Preliminary background to joining ICS in the 1930s. The change of attitude beginning. ICS training in Oxford. Arrival in Madras and a vivid description of first impressions, and initial arrangements. Assistant Collector, Trichalur District.
    • Ch.2. Wife arrives; goes on tour. Details of officials and other individuals met during the inspection and the methods. Nature of authority of the Raj, and the people it controlled.
    • Ch.3. The Collector and District Magistrate: a wedding: missionaries.
    • Ch.4. Transferred to Pudur as Collector & Joint Magistrate: description of the station: the Court and procedure: ,village violence: police: magisterial work and ICS training.
    • Ch.5. The Nilgiri Hills and Ootacamund and their inhabitants in war time (1941/2). Personal service in India, and general standard of living of an English Government officer and family. Daily life in the Hills. Badaga, processions & factional fighting. Troops on leave.
    • Ch. 6. Tea planters in the hills: incursion of Indian capital. His wife's two months' voyage home with two children during 1944.
    • Ch. 7. Virachi - Character of Indians and British. Education in India; Lord Wavell; building of a camp, occupied by first Indian Army battalion to have an Indian Commanding Officer. Changing work in districts 1944-45. Last case, corruption case over controlled foodstuffs recorded.
    • Ch.8. V.E. Day and reactions. Transfer to food control of the district - Leave. Train journeys in India.
    • Ch.9. Oxford 1945. Changing attitude and interest in India.
    • Ch.10. Return to India 1946: Madras - food control. Bombay Naval Mutiny and its results. Food shortage in Madras Province. Distribution problems. Adyar. Description of Madras architecture.
    • Ch.11. Independent India - Indianization of services - Meaning of Independence for Indian ICS. Extracts from diary May 1947 of voyage home.


(C.F. Hunter, F.I.C.E. P.W.D.)

Small Collections Box 14

Additional papers given by Miss F.E. Hunter

U.P.: 1922-1937

  1. An article from The Listener, 2 December 1936 entitled `Untimely arrival at the Siege of Lucknow' by A.F. Dashwood. 2pp.
  2. Programme for the Prize Distribution and Founders' Feast of La Martinière College and Girls' High School in Lucknow. 9 March 1935.
  3. Invitation to above.
  4. Dinner card for Government House, Lucknow. 19 February 1937.
  5. 31 postcards of Agra, Naini Tal and Musoorie. n.d. on loan.
  6. 14 postcards of Indian life. n.d. on loan.
  7. 12 postcards of Indian life - forms of transport. n.d. on loan.

See also: Photographs, questionnaires (Mrs M.E. Hunter)


(Sir James Hunter Blair)

Xerox copies.

  1. Letters from Charles Stuart to James Hunter 1761-69. Charles Stuart served with the East India Company and became a member of the Supreme Council of Bengal. He was a son of Lord Blantyre:
    • From Lennoxlove 17 August 1761. Has received Grossett's letter with recommendations to three members of Parliament, the Director of the India Co., and '2 or 3 Eqrs'; going to visit Lord Tweedale.
    • From Lennoxlove 24 August 1761. Has visited Lord Tweedale and received invitation to visit in London, and has the promise of Lord and Lady Tweedale's assistance; they are acquainted with Lord and Lady Bute; he will get letters of recommendation; has heard from J. Lyon from Bengal who wants him to come out 'slap-dash'.
    • From London 14 September 1761. Has little room in Duke Street, York Building, near J. and T. Coutts who are kind; he dines there when not engaged. Met McDougall living at Charing Cross; he had his pigtail cut off by some 'dogs' at the theatre; Charles has seen Carrick act Ranger, going with Lady Hamilton and Miss Stirling; gossip about the new king and queen; he is going to the Coronation; been to coffee houses - the British, Fittyard, St. George, Somerset, Jerusalem; he has met acquaintances Mrs. Grant and Miss Fordyce; his affairs he does not yet know about; dined at J, and T. Courts at their country house, Fulham '3 or 4 miles from town'; no further news of his affairs; wishes he was not so shy and could swear more.
    • From London 23 October 1761. Sent account of Coronation to Caledonian Gazette; seen everything in India; not heard yet from Lord Bute; will return and wait twelve months if he does not hear whether he will be a factor or a writer; will be sure to get out through City interest; seen Garrick again in Richard III.
    • London, 29 October 1761. Lord Bute has promised to recommend him to the India Company.
    • London, 15 November 1761. Now almost at top of list of writers for Bengal; could not get a factor, but will be taken care of by the Company; has been waiting on Lord Bute and all the other aristocrats assiduously; will now ask him his commands for India; probably leaving in two months; silk stockings not worn; hears of Mr. Hepburn's house being burnt.
    • (New date 24 October ? November) Changed lodgings to Spring Gardens to keep out of the way of his creditors; last lodgings 5/- per week full of bugs, lice and fleas, sorry to leave Mr. Marjorybanks a wine merchant with good claret; new lodgings 8/- per week, very dear; James Coutts gave him news and James would have heard that he could not get to India that year because of the trouble with Mr. Pitt.
    • Calcutta, 5 November 1762. Sent by the Admiral Watson, Indiaman; has arrived after good voyage with a captain who 'used me very genteely'; met his friend Mr. Lyon, through whose offices he has met a kind reception from the Governor of Bengal, which may be of great use 'in forwarding his scheme of returning home with a sufficiency to keep him alive'; Mr. Lyon going to visit Nabob and Charles Stuart to look after his business; hopes James is in Coutt's family in London, making money; likes Calcutta; the inhabitants drink only claret and Madeira; James can be of use in the Commission Way.
    • Fort William, 21 February 1763. Now settled and thinking of doing business on own account; Company's servants have good opportunity to trade as respected by black merchants and their goods go almost duty free; must have capital though; can only raise money in India at 9 per cent; is with Vansittarts family; one has to have encouragement to live in India as `it is a favourer of the Churchyard'; hopes to hear James is in London because of mutual benefits in business; very busy dispatching ships.
    • No place, no date, but answered 26 April 1764. Letter from James Hunter brought by Mr. Fullerton; the latter unlucky enough to arrive just after troubles broke out so could not do business; says 'free' merchants always find difficulty in employment, so he joined army and shortly got an Ensign's commission; his brother was taken prisoner in Patna by the Nabob - in Mongeer; new Nabob's bribe to the army of 25 lakhs (1 Lakh = £1 ,000); everyone in the army, except few sailors belonging to Royal George, Ashburnham and Osterly; Charles is drill serjeant to the lst Company of Militia; has met a Miss Halbert.
    • Burdwan, 20 September 1768. Not expecting to return for five or six years; has not been so lucky as some who have completed making their fortunes; sorry he could not help Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Hunter; the settlement so full of people; Europeans not allowed up country; glad James is prospering; may be slower, but pleasanter with friends and in a good climate; knows Andrew Hunter, cousin to James who is surgeon at Burdwan, Robert Hunter surgeon to one of the Company's three brigades and contractor to the army; greetings to Charles Fordyce.
    • Burdwan, 4 April 1769. Commenting on letter from James; Gilbert Lowrie and Sir Laurence Dundas have taken seat in Parliament for Edinburgh from James Coutts; the climate a decayer of constitutions; McDougall going on a scheme to Florida; hopes to return some time; wishes to be remembered to Sir William Forbes and John Wordie; peaceful in Burdwan; a war on Coromandell Coast with Hyder Ali. 
  2. Seven letters from Andrew Hunter to his cousin James Hunter 1767-85:
    • From Pigot Indiaman 19 October 1767. Details of voyage home as surgeon and arrangements to borrow £100.
    • From London 11 January 1768. Repays £100.
    • From Rumna near Burdwan 17 November 1771. Has been made trustee, with Robert, for the estate of Glen; congratulates James on his recent marriage; his nephew has been ill and is well again; difficulty in getting commissions in the army as there are so many officers.
    • From Calcutta, 26 January 1778. Loss at sea of Mr. Burnett while on passage from Madras to Bengal; the ship was French; distressed at the death of his brother Jamie and concern for his family; regret at death of Dr. Hunter at Patna, bad management of estates in India; family and business matters; difficulty in collecting debts in the Burdwan province; has no other inducement to stay in India except the settlement of his affairs.
    • From Calcutta, 15 May 1781. Arrival of Mr. Graham with letter of introduction from James; Graham to share quarters with his friend Seton; Graham is learning the language of the country; it is eighteen years since he came to Bengal; war on the coast, and no peace with the Marrattas.
    • From Calcutta, 1 September 1784. Thanks his cousin for his letter which arrived when he was at Cawnpore with the 2nd Brigade to which he has been appointed Surgeon Major; gives suggestions to Robert on sending his daughters to Bengal, to travel with Mrs. Busby; they should be elegantly and fashionably dressed and the captain is to be instructed to prevent any connections being formed on board; he knows of no unhappy marriage formed in Bengal and the Company's service is a certain fortune in time.
    • From Calcutta, 31 January and 16 March 1785. Political charges in Bengal; three vacancies in the Supreme Council; requests help from James in obtaining promotion. 
  3. Two letters from Robert Hunter to his cousin James Hunter 1767, 1784:
    • From Calcutta, 20 January 1767. Thanks James for his letter which was delivered to him by Andrew Hunter; he is afraid that Andrew can only be appointed surgeon's mate, a very disagreeable station and has advised him to return home as surgeon in Captain Richardson's ship; has let Andrew have £400 and say he should get a warrant signed in England appointing him as surgeon to Calcutta or to the army.
    • From Calcutta, 9 March 1784. Details of money received; he hopes to have his debts cleared in a year. 
  4. Letters from Robert Blair to his brother-in-law James Hunter, 1770-74:
    • Calcutta, 20 October 1770. Death of brother Thomas, four days after arrival; nothing sold from ship - a bad assortment; trade bad; asks brother-in-law to tell Lord Cassells he is not neglecting his brother's affairs; wrote last by the Grafton; left Captain Cathcart's employ; four months out of work; obliged to join the army: does not like it; hopes of being appointed a writer next year; has not had news of him or his friends this year; will write by next ship which is probably the Varsittart.
    • Camp near Benares, 24 March 1772. Received letter of 7 February 1771 about six weeks previously; by the Colbrooke; says he has not received letters from Sir James Cockburn to friends in India which his brother-in-law says he sent; they would have been of great use; still a soldier; had been trying for a writer's appointment for four years; really wants a mercantile life; camping with lst Brigade under the command of Col. Champion because of a body of Marrattas attacking Suja Dawla country which they are going to support; his brother David sailed some time ago.
    • Bunar, 20 November 1772. Has written by the Nottingham which sailed two months ago; received letter of 7 January 1772; the letter on the Nottingham in answer to one of 28 June 1771 inviting Robert to return home; also had one from brother John dated January 1772 saying not to return home as he had hopes of effecting an appointment, and a letter dated in March mentions his having had a positive promise from Sir George Cobbrook's Party for appointment as a writer; has received no answers from the gentlemen Robert has written to; sending this letter by the Aristogo.
    • Camp near Furrackabad, 6 March 1773. Wrote from Bunar three months ago, 1etter went home by the Greenwich; has been marching ever since; are at present place at the request of Suja Dawla; expect a Marratta attack on his country; there are about 5,000 of the Company's troops and 30,000 of Suja's; further inquiry and discussion of his appointment and letters from home.
    • Camp near Fizabad, Oude Province, 8 September 1773. Saddened by news of brother's death; thanks for the trouble he has taken on his behalf; discusses ways and means of becoming a writer and the best thing to de; has made a friend in James Hunter's cousin, Mr. Hunter of Burdwan; the Marratta army will not be provoked to battle, although they outnumber the British by 30,000 to 5,500; expecting to go to Calcutta, a place dreaded for its expansiveness, where he hopes to see Mr. Hunter; deputation from the Board at Calcutta in Benares consisting of the Governor and two members transacting business with Suja Dawla.
    • Calcutta, 20 December 1773. Has written three months before from Sultanpore; still uncertain. whether to return to Britain or not; writing by the Bridgewater will either return by next ship, or will write; only thing which prevents him is uncertainty of regaining rank.
    • Calcutta, 8 March 1774. Last wrote by the Bridgewater; has decided to stay because of obstacles to return; Hon. Charles Stew art is in Calcutta but has not written to him so he cannot call; hopes to meet him some time; hopes for letters; 2nd Brigade at the request of Suja Daulat (sic) against Marrattas. 
  5. Correspondence between Keith Stewart and James Hunter 1773-85:
    • James Hunter to Keith Stewart 6 December 1773. Inquiries concerning Robert Blair's prospects in India in the mercantile business or in promotion, and asking for his patronage.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, London, 17 March 1774. About election of directors.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, London, 23 November 1773. Asking how he can help Hunter's young brother-in-law Robert Blair.
    • Copy - James Hunter to Keith Stewart, London, 28 March 1774. About Robert Blair; about getting votes for the election on 13 April - Lord Sandwich assisting; R. Wombwell will probably be voted against; also mentions Sir Robert Harries, D. Blair; Aimee married to John Bell, writer to the Signets.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, London, 12 April 1774. Replies saying that he is afraid Sir Robert Harries and Dunlop canvassing (for Robert Blair) had not been successful; also mentions Brandon and Gemmells, and Miss Clemmie's marriage.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, London, 16 April 17774. No luck in elections; Wombwell kept out; thinks this a blow to Blair's chances; will approach Lord Sandwich again, but without hope.
    • Copy - James Hunter to Keith Stewart 21 April 1774. In answer to his of 12 and 16 April.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, London, 10 May 1774. (In answer to 21 April 1774.) Lord Sandwich has not the influence Sir Robert Harries says he had, but Robert Blair is second on his list and so they must hope for the best.
    • Earl of Sandwich to Keith Stewart, Admiralty, 10 May 1774. Saying that his first duty is to Mr. Ireland in the way of appointments; the people to whom he was going to apply for favours lost their place in the elections, therefore he cannot promise anything for Blair at present.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, 9 October 1774. Encloses Lord Sandwich's letter of 10 May; regret at not being able to help Robert Blair.
    • Copy (kept by Mr. Hunter) - James Hunter to Keith Stewart, 26 January 1775. Saying he has been in London, and has hopes of Lord Sandwich now being able to perform his promises in favour of Blair, because of support of Wombwell, who will probably be made a director, and Mr. James who is already; no writers have been appointed for eighteen months.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, London, 31 January 1775. Answering letter of 26 January; has seen Lord Sandwich, who still said his first duty was to Mr. Ireland, then Blair, but no more writers were to be sent out; apologies for 'Having lumber'd your cellar ... with ... Hock'.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, 15 July 1775. Bought a house with cellars, and would be grateful if Hunter would send him the hock.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, London, 11 April 1775. About wine purchased for him; had seen Lord Sandwich - little hope for a recommendation; bought a house in South Audley.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, London, 12 May 1775. Saying same about Lord Sandwich, and an opening for Blair.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, Trentham, 4 October 1775. Directions for bottling off some claret.
    • Keith Stewart to James Hunter, received 14 November 1775. Further about wine.
    • Keith Stewart to ? James Hunter, Portsmouth, 5 December 1778. About 'so enormous a loss'.
    • Keith Stewart to ? Mr. Hunter Blair Newtown, ? 23 December 1785. Congratulations on appointment; mentions his mines at Cramine. 
  6. Two letters from Captain Patrick Hunter to James Hunter, 1783-84:
    • From Calcutta, 5 April 1783. No possibility of promotion as the Court of Directors have reduced the number of officers; the Marratta peace will save the Company a great deal of money; Lord Macartney to be appointed next Government; hopes that James will be able to recommend him to any members of the Government as promotions go by recommendation from home. From Lucknow, 17 March 1784. Has been ill but is improving; political matters and appointments. 



(Sir Robert H. Hutchings, C.M.G., C.I.E., I.C.S.)

Microfilm Box 1 No. 5

TS report on the evacuation from Burma. June 1942.


Given by Mrs. Antonia Hutchinson.

  1. Two volumes of an illustrated diary of a voyage to Ceylon entitled 'A Sea Pie'. The diary was kept by Mrs Hutchinson's grandmother's uncle Charles Augustus Whitehouse Campbell and describes a journey from Liverpool to Colombo in the brig 'Medina' which took place between July and November 1842.
  2. 46 Indian paintings on talc. 2 water-colours.


Given by Sir Joseph Hutchinson, C.M.G. (Professor of Agriculture, University of Cambridge, 1957-69)

India and Pakistan, general.

  1. Diary notes of his Retirement Safari 1969-70: A daily account of his lecture tour through Kenya, India, Pakistan, Australia and New Zealand. India and Pakistan Part I pp. 26-106; Part II pp.l-51. He was a guest of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in Delhi and lectured on Comparative Agriculture and Crop Plant Evolution in Delhi, Indore, Hyderabad, Kota, Bundi, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Nainital, Agra, Hyderabad-Sinds Karachi and. Alwar, interspersed with sight-seeing visits.


(J.H. Hutton, C.I.E.)

Given by Mrs. M.M. Hutton

Microfilm No. 47A

  1. Tour diaries of Hutton, Naga Hills District Assam, April 1917 - December 1923; also tour diary of Keith Cantlie, November 1919 and May 1920.
  2. Tour diaries of Hutton, Naga Hills, Assam; also some notes on the Naga Hills District and the Nagas of Phelungre; May 1925; August 1929.
  3. Tour diaries of Hutton, Naga Hills, Assam, May 1934; June 1936; letters to Hutton from Charles Ridley Pawsey (Assistant Commissioner Assam, 1919-32) June 1923; May 1930.

Microfilm No. 47B

  1. Tour diary of James Phillip Mills, Officiating Deputy Commissioner Assam, March 1927; Mills' notes on the village of Semkhor March 1922; TS histories of the family of Bohmong and the Chittagong Hill tracts, by Mills.
  2. TS account of the siege of Kohima in 1879, by Mrs. Cawley. c. 1880.
  3. Translation of a document in Assamese dated 1896, concerning the Naga Tribes. 1924.
  4. Speech made by Professor S.K. Bhuyan in proposing Hutton to the chair on the thirteenth anniversary of the Assam Research Society, October 1925.
  5. Letters addressed to Hutton; correspondents include J.P Mills, C.R. Pawsey, E.T.D. Lambert and Henry Balfour (Pitt Rivers Museum Oxford); also some notes made by J.H. Hutton. 1919-1935.
  6. 'Anthropology as an imperial study', a lecture given by Hutton, February 1938.
  7. TS account of the effects of Western contacts upon the primitive tribes of India, by J.H. Hutton. (A contribution to Modern India and the West edited by L.S.S. O'Malley, London 1941.)
  8. TS account by Hutton of the possible effect on the primitive tribes of India of the proposals made by the Simon Comm Commission 1927-30. c. 1930.
  9. Material. relating to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, including a translation of an anthropological report on the tribes of the Andamans by Dr. Egon Freiheer von Eickstedt, German Indian Expedition. 1930.
  10. File of material on the Kuki-Lushai tribes.
  11. Printed material:
  12. 'Report on the survey operations in the Naga Hills, 1875-76', by Lt. R.E. Woodthorpe, R.E. Shillong, 1876.
  13. 'The Lushais 1873-89'. Shillong, 1889.
  14. Military report on Presidency and Assam District. Vol. III. Southern Frontier Tracts. General Staff, India 1929. (Simla, Government Press, 1930.)
  15. Government of Assam. Appointment and Political Department. Government letters and reports. 1931. TS.
  16. Tribal map of India, Department of Anthropology, Government of India. May 1956. Boundaries and geographical features ... reproduced from survey of India's '40 mile map of India', second edition (1952). Scale - 1 inch to 80 miles.
  17. Coloured print of 'The palace of the King of Delhi', drawn by T. Sutherland. Published by R. Ackerman. London, 1824. (Plate XII).

See also PAWSEY, C. for references to J.E. Hutton.


'A Personal Narrative of the Siege of Lucknow', by Mrs A.E. Huxham, the wife of an officer stationed in Lucknow.

Microfilm. Original loaned by Mrs McInnes.

  1. The narrative begins on 25 May 1857, the day on which Sir Henry Lawrence ordered all British women and children to take shelter in the Residency. The story, graphically told, continues until she, her husband and two of their three children who survived the ordeal left Calcutta on 23 April 1858. They had heard by then that Lucknow was again in British hands. 56pp.


(Mrs. Carol Hyde, wife of Edgar Hyde, I.C.S. - q.v.) 169pp.

Central Provinces: 1932-1933

  1. Xerox copy of letters from Carol Hyde to her parents in England written in the first months after her arrival in India as a young bride. The letters tell of her and her husband's overland journey by car from Bombay to Raipur; their move to the smaller station of Seoni where she was 'first lady'; of cold weather camps; of a visit to Govt. House Nagpur when Sir Montague Butler was Governor; of a visit by the Viceroy and Lady Willingdon to Rajkumar College, Raipur; and visits to the hill station of Pachmari.
  2. A fresh and ingenuous account of the life of a young Memsahib to whom everything in India seems new and exciting. Insects, protocol at dinner parties, rajahs and villagers, bustees and shooting trips all have their place in these vivid letters.


Edgar Hyde, I.C.S. 1928-47
Bastar State and Central Provinces 1935-1944.
Given By E.S. Hyde, Mrs C. Hyde and Mrs D. Dean.


  1. Report of proceedings, Committee of State Ministers. Bombay, 12-14 April 1939. (Secret)
  2. Full report of the Sessions Trial, Bastar State v. Mahadeo Sadan and Chaitan, 1938.
  3. 'Reports on the following cases in the Court of Sessions: Bastar State v. Kawasi, 26 January 1938; Bastar State v. Lamti Raut and Bondku Rait, 9 March 1938; 'Bastar State v. Dengue, Kana and Dhudu, 14 May 1938; Bastar State v. Dhosu, 24 June 1938.
  4. Memorandum from the Administrator, Bastar State to the Political Agent Chhattisgarh States, Raipur, proposing to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh States Agency. 30 September 1939. 9 pp.
  5. Speech made by the Administrator, Bastar State on the return of the Maharaja and his brother and sisters after a stay in the Hill Station 1938.
  6. "Bastar State. Administration reports ... 1934-18. Jagdalpur, 1935-40. 5 vols.
  7. TS papers relating to the administration of Bastar State.
    • Kabadi rules. (Bond-servants) 1935.
    • Bastar Kabadi rules. Copy of letter from E.S. Hyde to W.V. Grigson, Revenue Secretary to H.E.H. The Nizam's Government, Hyderabad, urging abolition or reform of bond-servitude. 17.5.1938. Copy of para 4 of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V. about bond-servant system and its control. 5.11.1938.
    • Letter from the Revenue Secretary (W.V. Grigson) to H.E.H. The Nizam of Hyderabad's Government, to E.S. Hyde, Administrator Bastar State, enclosing Draft Bill of the Hyderabad Bhagela Agreements Regulation of 1345 Fasli, signed by R.M. Crofton, Director General and Secretary, H.H. the Nizam's Govt.
    • Printed pamphlet: Regulations of 12345 F. regarding The Hyderabad Bhageta (bond-servants) Agreements compiled by the Revenue Secretariat sanctioned by His Exalted Highness the Nizam. Hyderabad-Deccan Goct. Central Press, 1936.
  8. TS Civil Circular 1935 (from E.S. Hyde): Interest.
    • Scrutiny of agreements in unequal contracts.
    • Postponement of recovery.
    • Damdupat
    • Usurious loans act.
    • Cloth loans and Khata accounts.
    • Paddy loans. app.
  9. TS Circular from E.S.H., Office of the Administrator, Bastar State. Subject: Markets: protection of aboriginals.(from traders and banias.) 1937.
  10. TS copy of paras 2 and 3 of the fortnightly Confidential Report dated 23 January 1940 from the Administrator Bastar to the Assnt. Political Agent, Raipur. Subject: food shortages in markets.
  11. TS copy of letter from the Administrator, Bastar State, to the Political Agent, Chhattisgarh States, Raipur on a proposal to reserve forest areas in the Abujmarh Hills inhabited by aboriginals. 3pp., 1940.
  12. TS copy of letter from E.S. Hyde, Administrator Bastar State to the Political Agent, Chhattisgarh States, Raipur, C.P. on The Indian Census, 1941 and the proposal to eliminate the enumeration of castes. 1939.
  13. Extracts from printed copies of Rules for the Administration of Justice in various districts, namely:
    • Sadiya Frontier Tract, 26 March 1937.
    • Lakhimpur Frontier Tract, 26 March 1937.
    • North Cachar Hills Subdivision, 25 March 1937.
    • Naga Hills District, 25 March 1937.
    • Caro Hills District, 29 March 1937.
    • Khasia and Jaintia Hills, 29 March 1937.


Papers mainly relating to Aboriginal tribes in the Balaghat and Mandla districts of the Central Provinces, 1940 and 1941 (Mr. Hyde Deputy Commissioner.)

  1. Printed Note by the Governor of the Central Provinces, F.V. Wylie on the Condition of Aboriginal tribes in the Balaghat and Mandla Districts, 27 March, 1940. (10 pp.). A severe report on the conditions of, and injustices to, the tribal peoples, in their work for the Government (Forestry mainly), together with firm and constructive suggestions for improving their general welfare particularly agricultural and righting the injustices. Severe criticism of educational and medical services, water and excise policy, animal sanctuaries, etc. A comprehensive, detailed and imaginative survey based on the Governor's tour of the area.
  2. Printed Enquiry into the condition of the aboriginal tribes in the Central Provinces and Berar by W.V. Grigson (Aboriginal tribes enquiry officer, Central Provinces and Berar). (19 pp.) July, 1940.
  3. Questionnaire No. 1 Law and Justice.
  4. Questionnaire No. 2 Franchise, Political education, local self-government, panchayats, tribal organisation and mukaddams.
  5. Copy of typed answers to Questionnaire No. 3 on Bond Service, by E.S. Hyde.
  6. Copy of a letter from E.S. H. to W.V.G., 8 July, 1940 referring to a note on the excluded areas. Refers to his experience in Assam. (3pp.)
  7. Reply to above by W.V.G. 12 July, 1940. Difference between C.P. and Assam. Importance of amending laws at same time as aboriginal protection charter is enacted. Refers in particular to necessity for getting bond-service legislation altered. (6pp.)
  8. Letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 19.7.40, about inaccuracy of statistics for the area. (2pp.)
  9. Letter from W.V.G. to E.S.H. 23 July 1940 about tahsildar of Dindori (lp.)
  10. Printed Memorandum from the Office of the Aboriginal Tribes Enquiry Officer, C.P. and Berar, Nagpur, W.V. Grigson, to all Deputy Commissioners of the Province, on Questionnaire No. 3. Bond-Service amongst aboriginal farm labourers. Includes Questionnaire No. 3 (6pp.).
  11. Printed Memorandum (as above): copy of Press Communique of the Government of Madras taken from Fort St. George Gazette, Part 1 of the 23 July 1940. (2pp.)
  12. Printed Memorandum (as above) to Director of Public Instruction C.P. and Berar and D.G. on Questionnaire No. 4. Aboriginal Education - Includes Questionnaire No. 4. (7pp.)
  13. Letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G., 11 September 1940, about delays in dealing with legal cases, and also a particularly oppressive malguzar. (2pp.)
  14. Letter from W.V.G. to E.H.S. about the enquiry not being a waste of time, 18 October 1940. (lp.)
  15. Copy of TS note by the anthropologist C. Van Furer Haimendorf on the Chenchus of Hyderabad surveying the injustices inflicted on them, and the proposed measures to combat these, possibly by making reserves, and protecting their traditional way of life and values. Circulated by W.V.G. as relevant to the aboriginal problem of the C.P. (18pp.)
  16. Memorandum from office of the D.C. Mandla (E.S.H.) to the Aboriginal Tribes Enquiry officer C.P. and Berar, Nagpur. November, 1940, on the expropriation of aboriginal tenants.
  17. Brief History of Settlements, 1818-90, and review of aboriginal population from 1891. Nature of problem.
  18. Report on expropriation of aboriginals from tenantry holdings (1866-1930) by G.M. Deshpande, Superintendent of Land Records, Mandla. Includes the original statement of total areas and rents in last three settlements in each tahsil to end of 1939-40, and the list of villages owned by Gond Malguzar of Mandla Tahsil. (12p including one very large sheet of statistics.)
  19. TS letter from Verrier Elwin, at Camp Sadhawan, Bastar State, 6 November, 1940, to E.S.H. about protecting the Gonds, the Gond Niaha Saba, and his distrust of a future Nationalist Hindu Government. Included in this letter his Note on the Gond 'Karma' (dancing) (3pp.)
  20. TS Note on the Gond Karma (dancing) by Mr. Verrier Elwin. Description and effect of the Karma dance and various opinions on it, and as an aspect of Gond culture. n.d. (two copies).
  21. TS letter from the Maharajah of Sarangarh to E.S.H. 7 November 1940, inviting him to a meeting to discuss the future of aboriginals. Other participants include: W.V. Grigson; W. Archer; C.P. Simington; C. Von Furer Haimendorf and Elwin, etc. (1p)
  22. TS letter from W.V.G. to E.S.H. 9 November 1940, about the answers to Questions 1, 2, 3 of Questionnaire, sent in by the Roman Catholic priests in the Mandla district, particularly in relation to elopement of Gond women, and the dance Karma. (2pp.)
  23. TS letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. in reply to above and commenting on the priests' opinions. Accusations of administrative shortcomings to be investigated - opinion of Karma dance given by Elwin (See 15). (2pp)
  24. MS letter from Mgr. Dubbelmans, Prefect Apostolic, Jubbulpore sending a copy of the reply to Questionnaires by Priests of the Mandla District, and E.S.H.'s acknowledgment. (2pp.)
  25. Duplicated Report of some Catholic priests of Mandla District in connection with the questionnaires issued by the aboriginal tribes enquiry officer. The answers to questions about marriage particularly interesting. (21pp.)
  26. Duplicated answers to the 4th Questionnaire made by the Rev,.G. can. Dorst and others, Mandla. (8pp.)
  27. Copy of TS letter from Mgr. Dubblemans to W.V.G. 25 November 1940, commenting in particular on marriage among Gonds, sent by W.V.G. to E.S.H. (3pp.)
  28. Copy of TS letter from the Deputy Director of Agriculture, Northern Circle, C.P. Jubbulpore in answer to W.V.G.'s criticism of the Dindori Farm in his notes on the Aboriginal Problem in the Mandla District. Main criticism the neglect of aboriginals by the Agricultural Department. Covering letter from W.V.G. who sent it to Verrier Elwin and Hyde. 29 November 1940. 7pp.
  29. Copy of TS letter from Verrier Elwin to W.V.G. from Jagdalpur P.O. Bastar State, 6 December 1940. Refers to note from Agricultural Department. Gond morals discussed. (4pp.)
  30. Letter from W.V.G. to E.S.H. Camp Kuvakodi, 26 December 1940, referring to the invitation from the Maharajah of Sarangarh to a conference on the Aboriginal problem, and to the Hill Marias. (2pp.)
  31. Letter from Verrier Elwin to E.S.H. from Patan, Mandla District, 2 January, 1941, about the rights of the aboriginals to gather minor forest produce. Refers to his note on Aboriginal Education.(1p.)
  32. Copy of TS letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 10 January 1941. Criticism of Medical and Veterinary Departments in regard to their treatment of aboriginals. Specific items scrutinized, and comparison with Bastar State. Suggests complete,overhaul of Departments.
  33. Two extracts from Tour Diary of Mr. S.D. Bhagwar Tahsildar Niwas for the month of January, 1941, regarding land possession. (2 pp.)
  34. Note by E.S.H. 20 January 1941, about the attitude of Forest Guards to aboriginials. 2pp.
  35. Copy of a TS letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 14 January 1941, about Aboriginal Reserves and in reference to Dr. Haimendorf's paper on the Chenchus. Protection of aboriginals means complete change in administration, etc. Aboriginals unprotected from traders' exploitation under present legislation. Suggestions for reserves, and legal amendments. (6 pp).
  36. Copy of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 19 January 1941, about fines on aboriginals and including Memorandum, 15 January on the same subject.
  37. Copies of letters to and from E.S.H. and Dr. Eileen Macfarlane and W.V.G. at the R.C. Mission Khandiva, about taking blood samples from Gonds, 30 January, 4 February and 8 February 1941. (4pp.)
  38. Comment by E.S.H. on Verrier Elwin's note on Aboriginal Education. (2pp.)
  39. Extract from note 11 March 1941, on illicit distillation. (1p.)
  40. Copy of letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. on medical aid in aboriginal areas. 14 March 1941. (1p.)
  41. Extracts of Notes from the Secretariat file regarding application (to aboriginals and co-operatives) of the C.P. Tenancy (Amendment) Act VIII of 1941, sent by W.V.G. to E.S.H. 29 September 1941.
  42. Copy of letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 1 October 1941, about C.P. Tenancy Act as affecting aboriginals. (lp.)
  43. Copy of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 29 October 1941, about a case of extortion by a Brahmin from an aboriginal. (lp.)
  44. Letters regarding the diet of the aboriginals:
    • From E.S.H. to S. Hivale and Verrier Elwin asking for information on the diet. 20 July 1940.
    • From E.S.H. to the Chief Medical Officer, Bastar State, on the diet given to prisoners in the State jail. 20 July 1940.
    • List of food articles normally used by the aboriginals in Dindori Tehsil, sent by S. Hivale and V. Elwin. Covering letter from V. Elwin. 7 August 1940.
    • Reply from Chief Medical Officer, Bastar State.
    • Acknowledgment by E.S.H. of Hivale's list. 8pp.
  45. Copy of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 27 January 1941, about the aboriginal and land tenure. Only hope for the aboriginal is by strict protective legislation. Examples of exploitation of aboriginals by malguzars. (3pp.)
  46. Miscellaneous papers relating to aboriginal problems in Mandla.
    • Correspondence with the Rev. J. van Heertum at Dullopur on aboriginal problems. Inaccuracy of Census returns: prospect of coming famine: precise examples of oppression by Forest Guard and banias: request for small-pox injections for cattle. 2 receipts. 1 March 1940; 11 November 1940; 9 December. 1940. (10pp.)
    • Tour notes by E.S.H. about Hindu malguzars who trouble aboriginal tenants.
    • Appeal about caste classification.
    • TS Report from The Rev. G. van Dorst, on conditions at Khairi resulting from oppression of malguzar. 2 November 1940. Map attached. (4pp.)
  47. TS judgement with MS note by E.S.H. that it was a case concerning aboriginals he reviewed as he thought the sentence unduly severe. 19 August 1940. (2pp.)
  48. Copy of the Report on the Bastar and Kharonde Dependencies of the Ralpore District by Lt. Colonel C. Elliott, Deputy Commissioner of Raipur to the Commissioner of Nagpur. 27 May 1856. TS bound, 34 pp. illus., plan.
  49. TS note by E.S. Hyde as introduction.


Correspondence from Dr. Verrier Elwin to E.S. Hyde between January 1936 and March 1942.

  1. 9 February 1936 Gond Java Mandal, Karaiyai, Mandla District to Mr. Hyde, Administrator, Jagdalpur, asking for guidance in his study of the Gonds of Bastar, part of his campaign for protecting the aboriginal tribes. Mentions being still politically suspect (as pro-Congress). Attitude of Government and Congress towards tribesmen.. 2pp.
  2. 16 December 1936. S.S. Kaiser-i-Hind on return from England. Has had to leave Karaiyai, now in Dindori, which they have bought. Opposition to the work from Hindu minor officials, etc. makes things difficult. Asks to be given some sort of official status. 4pp.
  3. 17 February 1937. Gorakhpur, Dindori Tahsil. Village where no Englishman has been within living memory. Congress infiltrators' Hinduising tactics with Gonds, in name of the Government. Elwin to be an Hon. Magistrate. Comments on effect of his books Phulmat of the Hills and Leaves from the Jungle. 3pp.
  4. 17 April 1937. Gorakhpur. Brief note about an applicant for a job in Bastar. 1p.
  5. 20 June 1937. Gorakhpur. Effect of Congress propaganda on the Gonds and on himself. Proposes that Hyde appoint him ethnographer to Bastar State. 1p.
  6. 28 October 1937. Gorakhpur. Depressed with illness and situation in India particularly regarding the Gonds.
  7. 10 January 1938. Gorakhpur. Has sold village, and wants to move, asks Hyde for advice.
  8. 31 December l938. Gorakhpur. Remarks on a review of W.V. Grigson's book The Muria Gonds of Bastar. Wants to go to Bastar again to research. Encloses letter written on 12 December 1938 asking for a subscription towards the cost of publishing his book on the Baiga. Contents list of the Baiga; report by Professor J.H. Hutton. Other reports on the book 5 pp.
  9. 12 June 1939. P & O S.S. Mooltan. Finds England absorbed in war, not interested in tribals. Attitude towards prohibition in India by England. 2pp.
  10. 7 August 1939. Governor's Camp. C.P. Berar. Is to study the Muria and their Gotul with research grant from Merton College. 1p.
  11. 21 September 1939. Gorakhpur. Has been approved for Census work. Comparison of war conditions and lot of the tribals. lp.
  12. 11 November 1939. Gorakhpur. Relating to Hyde remaining in Bastar and helping the tribals. Illness. lp.
  13. 8 December 1939. Gorakhpur. Illness. Hopes to get to Bastar in January.
  14. 11 February 1940. Gorakhpur. Asking for formal permission to work in various tribal areas. Going to Bihar. 2pp.
  15. 25 February 1940. c/o W.G. Archer, K.S., Census Superintendent, Bihar, Hazaribagh. Going to tribal areas in Chota Nagpur. Various requests for help before coming to Bastar.
  16. 12 April 1940. Gorakhpur. Hyde going to Mandla. Has just married a Gond. Encloses a photograph. 1p.
  17. 15 May 1940. Gorakhpur. Going to Bastar, and Hyde to Mandla. Remarks about the corruption in Mandla. 1p.
  18. 18 September 1940. Jagdalpur, Bastar State. Writes as Hon. Ethnographer. Remarks on Mandla individuals and the corrupt situation. 1p.
  19. 28 September 1940. Jagdalpur. Remarks on corruption in Dindari and Mandla. Proposed Friends of the Aboriginals Society. 1p.
  20. 13 December 1940. Jagdalpur. Answering inquiries about the Agarias.
  21. 8 February 1941. Jagdalpur. Comments on Government attitudes towards aboriginals. Anti-British propaganda in Karanjia. Agreement with Hyde's Note on Aboriginal Reserves. 1p.
  22. 12 May 1941. Patan. Comment on District Council Schools as centres of Hinduisation etc. More about other Hinduisation incidents.
  23. 23 May 1941. Mandla. Hindu propaganda at Ramnagar camp.
  24. 30 June 1941. Mandla. Consequences of closing down of Madhopur Camp to aboriginals.
  25. 8 November 1941. Jagdalpur. Comment on Hindu character of aboriginal religion. Lawyer for aboriginals.
  26. 19 March 1942. Jagdalpur. Comment on Radhakrishnan. Mentions book on Marias. Has been appointed Hon. Ethnographer, Bastar State.
  27. Correspondence 1944 chiefly relating to V. Elwin's controversy with the R.C. Missionaries, Mandla district.
    • 6 July 1944. Bhumijan Seva Mandal. Patangarh P.O. Mandla District. Comment on usefulness of the aboriginal court. Urges opposition to R.C. missionaries in Mandla: spread of Hinduism among aboriginals. Wishes Government would take over aboriginal schools. 2pp.
    • 16 September 1944. Pdtangarh. Mandla. Long letter about altercation with the R.C. missionaries, and disappointment in Hyde's attitude. Accuses R.C. missionaries of influencing Magistrates, and other crimes against the aboriginals, abetted by Hyde. 2pp. (See item 32.)
    • 10 October 1944. Duplicated letter from the Secretary of the Apostolic Prefecture, Jubbulpore to the Editor of the Hitavada, Nagpur, denying all Elwin's accusations against the missionaries. Sent by the Prefect Apostolic, Mgr. Dubbleman to Mr. Hyde, for information.
    • 10 October 1944. Pencil note from Sir Geoffrey Ramsden to Hyde relating to Elwin's letter of 16 September.
    • 14 October 1944. Note from the Secretary to the Governor of the C.P. to Mr. Hyde commenting on the above correspondence.
    • Letter from Elwin's associate, Shamrao Hivale, joint author with some of Elwin's works, from Mandla, to Hyde. No date. 2pp. Remarks about: Elwin's books, - schools for aboriginals, especially technical schools - News of a gang in Bilaspur
    • MS note by Mr. E.S. Hyde 14 April 1977, on his correspondence with Dr. Elwin. Gives an outline history of. Elwin's work in Bastar, and biographical notes, and more particularly to his attitude to, and work amongst, the aboriginals. Account of dispute about the R.C. missionaries which Elwin's letter of 16 September 1944 (item 28) instigated.
  28. 13 duplicated Newsletters (and one diary), from Bhumijan Seva to Mandal, Mandla District. 1937: 8 April, 29 August, 1 December; 1938:18 March, 10 June, 20 August, 1 November, 1939: 10 January (account of the Ashram by Eldyth Elwin, Verrier Elwin's sister) 15 November. 1940: 4 January, 1 May, 24 December and Bulletin No.4 October 1944 (printed). These newsheets cover the events, progress and daily life of the Ashram at Bhumijan Seva Mandal, Mandla District, which included schools, leper homes and agricultural projects. They are concerned with the development of aboriginals, and protection of their rights.
  29. TS of essay submitted by Verrier Elwin for the Wellcome Medal, 1939. The Cause and Cure of the failure of nerve among the aboriginals of the Central Provinces of India. 52pp.
  30. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal. Science Vol. VI, 1940, No.1, Calcutta 1940. Note refers to article Blood grouping in the Deccan and Eastern Ghats by Eileen W.E. Macfarlane.
  31. 7 photographs taken in 1942-43 in the Lushai (now Mizo Hills) when E.S. Hyde was Additional Superintendent and Superintendent. 12 photographs of Surat, Darjeeling, Hyderabad, Karwar, Andamans; Burma. 4 photographs of Bastar State, including Mrs. Milward the sculptress. 1 photograph of Mandla.


Reports on The Administration of Bastar for 1934-1940. Jagdalpur, State Press.


Reprints by Nagpur Govt. Press. 

  1. A report on the Subah or Province of Chhattisgarh written in. A.D.1820 by Major P. vans Agnew. 1922.
  2. Notes suggested from a perusal of Sir John Malcolm's Revenue Report on Malwa and sent to the Resident, November 1820. 1923, 11pp.
  3. Report on the territories of the Raja of Nagpur submitted to the Supreme Government of India by Richard Jenkin's, Resident at the Court of His Highness The Raja of Nagpur, 1827. 1923, 142pp.
  4. Supplement to above. 1925, 59pp.
  5. Note on the Saugor and Nerbudda territories by Robert Merttins Bird, Member of the Sudder Board of Revenue, N.W. Provinces, dated 31 October 1843. 1922, 20pp.
  6. A second copy.
  7. A Report on the Nagpore State down to 1845 by Captain Ramsay, Assistant Resident, written in January 1845. 1923, 45pp.
  8. Grant of Proprietary Rights in the Central Provinces 1847-1860. 1923.
  9. The Escheat of the Nagpore State Ö 1853-1854. 1923.
  10. Administration of the Nagpore Province by Mr. G. Plowden, Commissioner from 1855 to 1859. 1923.
  11. Report on the administration of the Central Provinces for the year 1862, 1923.
  12. Review of Indian Administration during the past thirty years, India Office, 28 February 1889. (Statistics and Commerce No. 16) 29pp. (copy forwarded to the D.C., Seoni for information by the Ass. Sec. to the Chief Comm. C.P.)


  1. Introduction to the Land Revenue and Settlement System of the Central Provinces (2nd imp) Nagpur, 1924.
  2. A compilation of important criminal trials in the Central Provinces and Berar. Nagpur, 1933.
  3. Congress responsibility for the disturbances 1942-3. Govt. of India Press, New Delhi, 1944, 86pp.
  4. a. An abridged Regimental history of the lst Bn. 17th Dogra Regiment. (Prince of Wales Own) Rangoon, (1933) 34pp.
  5. b. Programme of Trooping the Regimental Colour by lst Bn. 17th. Dogra Regiment (Prince of Wales Own) at Jhelum, 15 February 1939, 4pp. 

  6. TS, bound: 'Timber Bridges constructed in the Bastar State' by D.J. Plumley, State Engineer, Bastar State, Eastern States Agency. Diagrams and 32 photographs, 140pp. n.d. (?1930s)
  7. Envelope containing:
    • Advertising brochure for a special issue of the Indian Concrete Journal - Special Earthquake Issue, October 1934.
    • Pamphlet Who's Who among Indian Princes, Chiefs and Nobles 1934-5. Reprint from the Indian Year Book, pp. 1146-1255.
    • Reprint from the Jrl. of the Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. April 1942. Notes on the birds of the Londa Neighbourhood, Bombay Presidency, by Walter Koelz, 38pp.
    • Offprint: Records of the Indian Museum Vol. XL. Part III, pp.237-243. Notes on Fishes...On a collection of fish from the Bailadila range, Bastar State, C.P. by Sunder Lal Hora, Calcutta, 1938.
    • Supplements to the London Gazette, 22 April, 1948. 'Operations in the India Command' from lst January, 1943 to 20 June, 1943, pp.2511-2526 and 'Operations in the Indo-Burma theatre-based on India' from 21 June, 1943 to 15 November 1943, pp.2651-2684. 
    • E.S. Hyde's British India Motor Driving Licence (Central Provinces and Berar).
    • E.S. Hyde's Form XVI Arms Licence, when D.C. Jubbulpore.
    • Map showing the distribution of the important tribes in Bastar State 1938.


  1. File A. Papers relating to the I.C.S. Family Pension Scheme, the C.P. and Berar Association; Memorandum on the effect of the Simon Commission Report's recommendations on the position of the European members of the service - and subsequent papers from the All-India Assoc. of Govt. Servants etc. Papers on Joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reform etc. 1931-47 (107pp.)
  2. Envelope containing 85 newspaper cuttings, mainly undated and unnamed, but some from the Statesman and the Daily News (Nagpur), relating to The position of I.C.S.: the position of the Princes; Sir John Hubback's attack on Congress 1940; the resignation of Dr. Khare, the Jubbulpore Dasera riots 1938; C.P. politics 1938; the War; the aboriginals and tribal groups; reviews of books; murder of Major Bazalgette, etc. etc. Includes three articles on America and India by Edward Thompson.
  3. File B:
    • Review of Halbi grammar written by Pooran Singh, Jagdalpur 1937. 2pp.
    • Session Trial - No. 2 of 1935. Bastar State v. Koda Muria of Surewahi, Antagarh Tahsil. 4 States of Affirmation relating to the murder of a boy for ritual purposes. 9pp.
    • 2 copies of notes on the case in (2) with MS notes on anthropological aspects by E.S.H. 3pp.
    • Letter (?J. Yorke) about intermarriage of Raots and Halbes, 28 June 1937 2pp.
    • Statement written in Hindi with TS translation by Mohammad Ibrahim, S.H.O. Dantewara of a case of a girl who disappeared at intervals due to supernatural causes. 3 copies of TS statement by the S.I. Police. 4pp.
    • TS Statement 28 May 1939 about an attack by a wounded tiger, lp.
    • Letters, statements and attack lists about the Erpund man-eating tigers and arrangements for shoot. March 1938. 15pp.
    • MS and TS Statement showing number of persons tried and convicted for Murder from 1 January 1934 to 18 October 1938. 4pp.
    • TS papers relating to appeal by three accused of murder, residents of Bhirlinga, tahsil Jagdalpur, 4pp.
  4. File C:
    • Note on aboriginals' use of intoxicants, lp.
    • Copy of letter sent by ESH to Verrier Elvin on the diet of aboriginals 20 July, 1940, 4pp.
    • 2 copies of a note on forest villages in aboriginal administration 20 January, 1940, 4pp.
    • Letter to W.V. Grigson from ESH about aboriginal reserves, 14 January, 1941, 3pp.
    • Letter to W.V. Grigson from ESH about allotment of land by aboriginal patels. 27 January 1942.
    • Law Courts in Dindori as they actually are, by R.B. Agarwal, for Verrier Elwin Esq. Note by Verrier Elwin to ESH, 30 September, 1940. and the DSP. 15 October 1940, 54pp.
  5. File D:
    • I.P.B. Bulletin, June 1954, article on Labour legislation and Indian Investment.
    • Reports on the Indian Civil Service Family Pension Scheme 1937-39, 12pp.
    • Papers and reports from the Finance Dept., New Delhi, on rules for the I.C.S. Pension Fund, and the Family Pension Fund, 1939-40, 38pp.
    • Receipts for gifts to War Relief Fund. Letter about I.C.S joining up, 1941, 4pp.
    • Papers relating to the Army in India Reserve of Officers to which E.S. Hyde belonged, 1929-41, 18pp.
    • Papers relating to the release of I.C.S. officers for military service. 1941, 4pp.
    • 'European Association and Auxiliary Force in Wartime'. TS Article by A.C. Roberts sent for the Monthly Review, European Assn. Editor's reply. May 1940, 13pp. env.
    • TS article: 'The Wartime Role of the A.F. (I). The Light Horse in War'. Initialled ACR? 8.6.40. 19pp.
  6. Miscellaneous papers:
    • TS Civil circular on money lending in Bastar by ESH. 7 June 1935, 2pp.
    • Memorandum on presentation of Nazar by British Indian Officers on deputation in Indian States. 4 May 1935.
    • Printed letter from A.V. Thakkar, secretary, Servants of India Society, on the welfare of Hill and forest tribes in all Provinces of India. 12 September 1940 with TS copy of letter from Verrier Elwin in answer, 5 October 1940, 5pp.
    • Newspaper cutting of murder charge in Berar. n.d.
    • Letter from J.P. Mills in Shillong on human sacrifice, 8 May 1940.
    • Printed article on 'Handloom weaving in India'. Secretariat Press Nagpur Nos. 260 and 765, Civil Secretariat 1907, 5pp.
  7. Court cases:
    • History sheet of Hazoor Ahmad, Andherdeo, Jubbulpore, 1942, 2pp.
    • Case of abduction of Gond child for marriage, 1940, 7pp. 
    • Letters of petition, congratulation, results of rat count, poems, 1933-40, 38pp.


  1. File A:
    • 8 letters from Verrier Elwin mainly from Bastar, 1938-43 covering subjects: Mrs. Milward the Sculptress visiting Bastar; possibility of being Census Officer; religious attitude, and to being called up; remarks on the district, and work for aboriginals; his books; personalities.
    • TS note by Verrier Elwin written at the request of the Administrator, Bastar State (E.S. Hyde) on the effects of the present policy of administration of Bastar State on the tribal population. n.d. 5pp..
    • Printed article from The Mayurbhanj Chronicle, pp.31-32 by Satindra Narayan Roy 'A Plea for Hinduisation of the Aboriginals of Mayurbhanj' n.d.
    • Printed pamphlet by Verrier Elwin; 'Loss of Nerve: a comparative study of the result of contact of peoples in the aboriginal areas of Bastar State and the Central Provinces of India', (1940), 51pp. map.
    • 4 letters from W.V. Grigson from Pachmahi, Jubbulpur; Jagdalpur; Hyderabad and Deccan. 1935-40: short items of news, and pithy comments on individuals esp. the Governor Sir Hyde Gowan; books, elections, anthropological notes. Letter of 22.11.37 on Hyderabad affairs and reforms for Bastar; letter of 21.1.40 remarks on Nawab Zahirrudin Khan etc.
    • 16.7.37 Letter from ESH to Grigson. Anthropological notes. Population statistics for Abuj Marh and erosion. Letters, memorandum, articles by ESH, 1939-42.
    • Letter to the P.A. Chhattisgarh-States, Raipur 23.3.39. Detailed explanation of needs of aboriginals in Bastar in accordance with their life style, and relation to reforms in British India, 4pp.
    • Letter to W.V. Grigson, Aboriginal Tribes. Inquiry Officer C.P. and Berar, on the work of the agricultural, veterinary, Public Health and Medical Departments among the aboriginals (of Bastar) 10.1.41. 8pp.
    • A second copy.
    • TS article: Administration and the aboriginal, 9pp.
    • 'Report of some Catholic priests of Mandla District' in connection with the questionnaires issued by the aboriginal tribes enquiry officer, 1940-41, 20pp.
    • MS notes (duplicates) Papers mostly relating to the enquiry by W.V. Grigson appointed by the C.P. Govt. to investigate the conditions of the aboriginal tribes in the Province, 1 May, 1940.
    • Letter from S. Singh relating to the murder of a boy (as a sacrifice) by Kishtaiya Raj Kamdar Mallampalli Illagno of Bhopalpatnam, 2pp.
  2. File B
    • Correspondence between Professor D.N. Majumdar, 1938 and E.S. Hyde. 7 letters relating to the anthropology and administration of tribal areas in Bastar, and correcting Majumdar's statements in his paper on Tribal Cultures. Detailed MS corrections by J.C.R. Menon 22.12.38., etc.
  3. File C Bastar
    • Letter from Norval Mitchell 28.9.41 to ESH on his pleasure in Bastar. On population etc. 3pp. env.
    • TS article on 'The Dashera Festival in Bastar' by J.C.K. Menon, Jagdalpur 25.8.38. 14pp.
    • Two letters from J.P. Mills in Shillong (23.4.40 and 17.5.40) commenting on ESH's Bastar article, and on the rules for administering justice in excluded and partially excluded areas Manipur and Assam, 3pp.
    • Letter from Edward M. Gorst relating to ESH's paper on Bastar reforms, 20 March, 1941.
    • Note on the proposal to introduce administrative reforms in Bastar, by E.S.H. TS, 18pp.
    • Another copy.
    • Letter from Herbert Fooks of the Bengal Timber Trading Co. Ltd. 3 November, 1941, on animal sanctuaries in India. 8pp.
    • Copy of Memorandum on the proposed Agency Police Reserve Force for the Eastern States, TS, 8pp. n.d.
  4. File D Census 1941:
    • Three letters from Prof. D.N. Majumdar relating to data from Bastar, and commenting on J.H. Hutton's theories on Mongolian infusion among people of Bastar. Further comments on Murias etc. 
    • Copy of letter 19.5.39 from ESH to the P.A. Major Webb on appointment of Census Officer (Verrier Elwin) 2pp.
    • Copy of letter to J. H. Hutton in Cambridge relating to the Census.
    • Notes from D.S.P. Mandla to D.C. on Caste movements among aboriginals. 9.5.41.
    • Note from District Census Officer, Mandla, about parties among the Gonds, 17.5.41.
    • TS copy of letter to Sup. Census Op. C.P. on caste movement due to census inquiries among aboriginals 19.5.41.
    • Copy of letter 7.12.48 from ESH to J.H. Hutton in Cambridge and Hutton's reply on his opinion as to accuracy of the 1941 census figures, and news from India; ESH's reply, 3pp.
    • Correspondence between ESH and I.C.I. London and the editor of their Information Bulletin in India, on the accuracy of the 1941 Census in India, 29 December 1948 - 31 January 1941, 9pp.
    • Field notes by ESH, lp.
    • Page of notes 3.12.35 dictated by Dasru son of Bhadu Dhurwa of the Dhurwa caste to ESH about marriage and other caste customs.; also notes on vocabulary, 3pp.
    • Notes on the Mundi Manga (Begging for a ring) ceremony, by ESH. and S. Singly 17.7.37. 11pp.
  5. File E War Security, 1940-45:
    • Typed speech by ESH to a meeting of the citizens of Jagdalpur and subjects of the Maharajahof Bastar, and a resolution passed by them, addressed to the King Emperor expressing their loyalty to him on the outbreak of War 4.9.39. 2pp.
    • Printed pages about the 12th. Battalion of the Dogra Regiment. 2pp.
    • Letter to ESH regarding the offer of assistance (financial) from Bastar State, for war purposes. 14 October 1939.
    • MS draft of letter from ESH to (J.) Christie 15.9.40 on civil disobedience movement, Indian subordinate administrative officers, and attitude of Govt. of India.
    • Letter from ESH to Principal Information Officer, Govt. India on War Publicity. Mandla 16.10.40, 2pp.
    • a. Letter from C.M. Trivedy P & M Dept. Govt. CP & B, to ESH relating to his pamphlet 'Why we should support India's war effort', in particular a passage on Gandhi. 25.10.40.
    • TS copy of the above pamphlet.
    • Memorandum from ESH to the Secretary P & M Dept. Nagpur relating to recruitment for the war, and support of the officers who recruit. 4 December 1940, 3pp.
    • Draft MS letter 23.11.40 from ESHER Sir Henry (Twynham) criticising the P & M Dept's confidential memorandum on the subject of recruiting (18.11.40) 5pp.
    • Copy of letter from C.M. Trivedi P & M Dept. regarding ESH's resignation from the A.I.R.O. 27.11.40.
    • Copy of TS secret letter from ESH to the Commissioner, Jubbulpur Div. on Civil Disobedience, 28.12.40. 4pp.
    • Report by A.M. Holmes, D.S.P. of 19.6.41 to the D.C. on civil disobedience and public opinion and Congress propaganda at the beginning of the war, 2pp.
    • Letter from ESH 23.6.41 to C.M. Trivedi setting down freely his impressions of the state of public opinion and morale.
    • Another copy of the above, with a note by ESH on the publicity activities in the Mandla District, 23.6.41.
    • Another copy of ESH's letter.
    • Another copy of ESH's letter.
    • Letter from W.V. Grigson to ESH relating to this letter 7.7.41.
    • Another copy of ESH's letter of 23.6.41., 3pp.
    • Copy of a speech. by a member of the Gondia Taluka Congress Committee, Bamhni, Mandla 2.5.41. Reported by S.H.O. Bamhni, 2pp.
    • Page of MS notes.
    • Letter from ESH 28.6.41 to Commissioner Jubbulpore Div. (G.C.F. Ramsden) about controlling satyagraha, 2pp.
    • Instructions for speakers on the War Effort, 12.9.41., by ESA, TS 3pp.
    • a-c TS copies of notes on the celebration of The 1942 Rebellion, in Nagpur and Berar by the Students' Congress. n.d.
    • Receipt for binoculars, 23 January, 1942.
    • Pencil telegram offering Assam job to ESH 19.3.42.
    • Letter from Philip Mason, regarding I.C.S. officers having military rank, 8.6.42.
    • Letter from J. Wallace,. from Defence Dept., Govt. Burma, regarding supplies for Aijal; Burma Govt. difficulties; and Chin. Hills. 12 October, 1942, 2pp.
    • Letter from ESH to J.P. Mills about distinguishing marks for Political Officers in Lushai and Chin Hills:, 24.10. 42. 2pp.
    • Secret and personal letter from ESH, at Lingleh to a Brigadier about morale and attitude of the British army and RAF, 17.6.42. 5pp.
    • MS note on the Lushai Hills Defence Scheme and relations between V Force and Political Officers, by ESH 28.7.43.
    • TS Copy of Issue of authorisation under the terms of article 81 of the Prisoners of Liar Convention to Certain officers when working in areas near the possible spheres of enemy operation. 14.1.44.
    • Letter from Philip Mason about military medals, 22.6.44.
    • Letter from ESH to T.C.S. Jayanatnam, Chief Sec. to Govt. C.P. and Berar, criticising the Simla Conference of June 1945, 3pp. 23.6.45.
    • Letter from ESH to Chief Sec. to Govt. 17.10.45 on the propaganda being whipped up by Congress ? gives extract from speech made on 15.10.45.
    • Report of meeting of the Mahakoshal Provincial Congress Committee at Katni, 21.10.45.
    • Continuation of letter on the increasingly tense situation since the failure of the Simla Conference, 17.10.45.
    • Secret memorandum sent by Govt. of C.P. and Berar to all D.C's. on the control of meetings and processions, 31.10.45.
    • Letter from Chief Sec. C.P. & Berar relating to ESH's letter of 17.10.45.
    • Letter from ESH to Chief Sec. CP and Berar on increasing tone of violence in political speeches etc., 15.11.45.
    • Letter from ESH to Chief Sec. on Congress propaganda and I.N.A. 21.11.45.
    • Another copy.
    • Memorandum on growing uneasiness of police at latitude allowed election speakers 23.11.45.
    • Letter from Governor of Assam to ESH about allowance, 29.11.45
    • Letter from ESH to Philip Mason (Int. Sec. War Dept.) on combatting I.N.A. propaganda, 14.12.45.
    • Another copy.
    • Letter from ESH to A. H. Layard (Chief Sec. to Govt.) on an inflammatory speech made by Pandit Sunderlal of Allahabad at Katni. Report on speech, 2pp.
    • Letter from Philip Mason 22.12.45 in reply to 39.
    • Letter from Philip Mason 18.1.46 on medal.
    • Article on I.N.A from The Hitavada, 10 January 1946.
    • Letter from ESH to A.H Layard on dangerous speeches by Congress leaders. 13.1.46.
    • Letter from ESH to Philip Mason, 23.1.46. on Hyde's service in Active Service Areas, 2pp.
    • Letter about leave, 5.3.46.
    • Secret Note from ESH to Philip Mason on the possible causes of the Indian Signal Corps Mutiny, at Jubbulpore, February/March 1946 8 March, 1946.
    • Reply from Philip Mason to above.
    • Newspaper cutting entitled 'Subhas Bose had endeared himself to all'. Jubbulpore November 22 (1946).


  1. File A: India Office Library
    • Letters etc. relating to the India Office project which resulted in collecting papers on district administration during 1930-47 and the eventual publication of the book. The District Officer in India edited by Roland Hunt and published 17pp.
    • Report of the A.G.M. of the I.C.S. (Retired) Assoc. on 12 October 1977 in which this was reported, 2pp.
    • 35 inscriptions on Tombstones in Ellichpur Cemetery, Berar taken June 1931 by ESH with note, 4pp.
    • Another copy, 3pp.
  2. File B: Miscellaneous
    • Correspondence relating to inquiry from R. Chakravati, Bhopal, to ESH about Elwin correspondence.
    • Memorandum on openings in the Home Civil Service and Foreign Service for... ex I.C.S. etc. (1946) 7pp.
    • Another copy.
    • Memorandum on Vacancies ins the Colonial Service ...for ex I.C.S. etc. 4pp.
  3. File C: India Office
    • Letters, circulars, forms, pamphlets relating to retirement from I.C.S pensions, terms, compensation, income tax relating to ESH, 1946-1965.
  4. File D
    • Three letters from David Baxter of St. Stephen's College, Delhi, to ESH. Written from Western Australia, asking for comment, information for his forthcoming book on the Central Provinces and Berar. 7.12.75; 14.4.76; 19.6.76. Xerox copy of a paper on 'The Art of Governing: Sir Montagu Butler, the Central Provinces and Berar, India 1925-33', 23pp. Letter from Librarian of IOL., 26.5.76.


  1. Envelope containing press cuttings on Bastar, (post Independence).
  2. Undated newspaper cuttings on Naga rebellion 1956.
  3. Envelope containing miscellaneous, newspaper cuttings, most undated, but many 1947/8.
  4. Envelope containing:
    • TS of ESH's speech as Administrator Bastar State at the Dasehra of 1937. 8pp.
    • Printed copy of Dasehra speech of 1938 (printed) 4pp.
    • Printed copy of Dasehra speech of 1939, 4pp.
    • TS Notes, on Medical work in Bastar State (1938) 4pp.
    • Printed speech at Opening of the Maharani Hospital, Jagdalpur, Bastar State (?1938).
    • Another copy with TS.
  5. Papers relating to the proposal to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh States Agency:
    • Memorandum on the Proposal to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh. States Agency by ESH (Administrator, Bastar State) to N. Mitchell (P.A.) 30 September, 1939, Jagdalpur, 10pp.
    • Note on proposal, 18pp.
    • Letter from J.P. Mills, 15.4.40 commenting, 2pp.
    • Appreciation of the effects of the present policy of the Bastar Administration on the primitive population, by Yerrier Elwin, 11 February, 1940, 5pp.
    • Letter from Norval Mitchell, 24 April, 1940, in Jagdalpur, (Administrator, Bastar State from April 1940) relating to Govt. of Bastar.
    • Another 26 June, 1940, to Major R.R. Burnett, P.A. Chhattisgarh States, Raipur, relating to financial and anthropological aspects of proposed Govt. reforms, 5pp.
    • TS note July 1940 from W.V. Grigson, (Aboriginal Enquiry Officer) at Chhindwara, C.P. on his opposition to the idea of imposing uniform institutions based on British India models on Indian States which contain aboriginal people. 15pp.
    • Letter from Norval Mitchell, 2.8.40, on Bastar Admin.
    • Another, 27.8.40 about criticisms by (J.P.) Mills and (W.V.) Grigson of Govt's. proposals. Hyde's reply, 3pp.
    • Copy of Mitchell's letter to (R.R.) Burnett, 27.9.40 relating to criticisms, and memorandum from Mitchell to Burnett on the Proposal to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh States Agency, 30.9.39., 6pp.
  6. Copy of Memorandum from ESH (Administrator) on the Proposed Agency Policy reserve force for the Bastar States, 28 July, 1939. Also a note on Kadam Larai.
  7. Report on rinderpest in Sihora Tahsil during the year 1945 by S.D. Shakla, 2pp, 2 copies.
  8. Note from Lt. Col. A.G. Stewart to the Adjutant General, G.H.Q. New Delhi on an allegation made by the D.C. Jubbulpore (ESH) that he had made an improper attempt to influence the Courts of Justice, 2pp.
  9. MS petition for a job to the Raja of Bastar, 11 April, 1937.
  10. Request for sanction to write-off buildings, 4 December, 1930.
  11. Statement from Grindlays Bank.
  12. Application by ESH for employment in Political Dept. 5 February 1935, 2pp.
  13. Account of the opening of the Maharani Hospital, Jagdalpur (25 February, 1938).
  14. Letter to architect 14 April, 1938.
  15. TS Article 'The Indian Prince' (by ESH.) and a comment, 4pp. n.d.
  16. Letters and addresses of farewell to ESH on leaving Bastar, 1940, 14pp.
  17. Letters from Indians, 1937-43.
  18. Letters from Sir Montagu Butler, 24.7.33 and E.C. Gibson, 12.3.33 on ESH's transfer to Bastar and from Sir Henry Twynham on transfer to Assam, 28.5.42, 4pp.
  19. Letter from Eric Gill about his portrait of the Maharani of Bastar, for the hospital. 25 April, 1938.
  20. Various letters, 6pp.
  21. Letter from C. Gordon to ESH, Pachmarhi, C.P. on an examination failure, 23.10.30., 2pp.
  22. Printed rules for the regulation of procedure of officers appointed to administer justice in the Lushai Hills, 25 March, 1937, and rules...in the Balipara Frontier Tract, 26 March., 1937, 4pp.
  23. Letter from A.G. McCall, in Shillong, on the situation, and ESH's retirement, 16.7.44., 6pp.
  24. Two reports from the India Branch Office of the Association of British Chemical Manufacturers: Progress Reports Nos. 7 and 11 Bombay, 26 November, 1947 and 15 July, 1947.
  25. File 7: Papers relating to the I.C.S. Pension and Retirement; leave; 1913-1947.
  26. File 8: Lushai and Chin Hills, 1942-47 War
    • MS notes, articles, letters, etc. written 1943-4, together with newspaper cuttings of 1966, all relating to the war in the Lushai and Chin Hills (including printed incitement to desert addressed to Gurkhas of the I.N.A.).
    • TS photographs relating.to 1943-44 Lushai Hills and McCall's Total Defence Scheme.
    • E.S. Hyde's Identity Card, Indian Civil, Govt. of Assam.
    • 6 Single news-sheets printed at Pastor Thankynga Press, Aijal for 1942 - June, 10, 11, July 2 (2), 8 November.
    • 8 Letters from F.W. Haswell (Area Commander Chin Hills in T.D.S.) about his levies, and the war situation from Falam in the Chin Hills; gives atmosphere of the Total Defence Scheme 17.6.42 15.12.42.
    • a. Letter from Ian Bowman about S. Lushai defence forces. 21.9.42. Includes TS poem on The Leech, by Ian Bowman.
    • TS statement by Lalsiamliana son of Thuama of Chengpui who joined the 3rd Battalion, Burma Rifles and was taken prisoner by the Japanese and released eventually after about 8 months. Describes conditions and Japanese treatment. Recorded by L.L. Peters, Subdivisional Officer, Lungleh, 2pp.
    • TS letter, from Norman Kelly (Asst. Sup. Chin Hills) at Tiddim, about Japanese arrest of friendly Chins, and organisation of food for his levies, 6.11.42., 2pp.
    • Circular from G.O.C. in C. Eastern Army on reasons for limited operations in the Arakan, 15 May, 1943.
    • TS: E.S.H's. Note on Lushai Hills Defence Scheme; relations, between V Force, and Political Officers. 8pp. Note of acknowledgement on behalf of the Governor (by J.P. Mills) 4 August, 1943.
    • Letter from G.E. Turnbull in Bungtlang to E.S.H., about need for food supplies, and conditions in other tribal areas, 9.3.44., 2pp.
    • Letter about murder of Peter Bankes, and situation in general, 20 March, 1944.
    • Confidential report on S. Lushai Hills by the Addnl. Supt. Lushai Hills in the fortnight ending 10.12.43., 2pp.
    • Confidential report on the N. Lushai Hills in the first helf of March 1944 by the Suptdt. Lushai Hills, 16.3.44.
    • Two telegrams.
    • a. Letter of appreciation to the Indian Tea Association for the help given by Indian tea planters during the war from ES11 1.8.44. Includes reply.
    • Letter from Ian Bowman, in Liverpool, to ESH about his war service, 25.5.49.
    • Correspondence with the Society of Postal Historians, 1976, 6pp.
    • Pennant used by ESH, and two Lushai combs. (Presented to University Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge).
    • Maps 1/4 inch of Aijal, Haka, Lungleh, Tiddim. 1" = 32m of Burma.
  27. Autobiographical Memoir: 'India, First Person Singular'. 66 ff.
    1. Beginnings in the Central Provinces: Jubbulpore
      • Arrived in Bombay on 30 November 1928. Reminiscences of the voyage, first encounter of anti-Muslim feeling.
      • Journey to Jubbulpore. First meetings with Austin Layard, Deputy Commissioner and C.J. Irwin, the Commissioner. Hyde takes over as Assistant Commissioner and becomes Third Class Magistrate.
      • Reasons for choosing the Central Provinces. Describes his time at Cambridge and preparation for I.C.S. entrance exams at 'Scoone's Crammer', London.
      • Outline of the scenery and culture of Central Provinces. Explains structure of Provincial Government and its 'Indianization'.
      • Governor, Sir Montague Butler.
      • Working for Departmental Examinations. Duties as mining officer. Asked to become Reserve Officer by 1st/17th Dogra Regiment, Indian Army, and accepts. Importance of 'Land Revenue' work in District Officer's duties.
      • 'Flowering of the Bamboos' and the ensuing plague of rats. Visits 'scarcity camps' in North Eastern area following partial crop failure in 1928.
      • The 'Famine Code'. Involved listing those entitled to 'gratuitous relief'. Visited old and sick. Often shocked by these visits. Began to realise the extent of the poverty problem.
      • Posted as Famine Assistant to Damoh, a minor District adjoining the Budelkhand States. Severe distress. Visit to Government House at Pachmarhi. Played first game of golf in India. September 1929 in Damoh, had first attack of fever. Taken to British Military Hospital in Jubbulpore. After convalescence posted back to Jubbulpore. Describes social events of 'cold weather' period - torchlight tatoo, etc.
      • Start of Congress Committee's Civil Disobedience Campaign and Gandhi's arrest. Fear of riots. Posted to town of Katni to arrange protection of local Europeans but no trouble. Hyde's thoughts on the situation.
    2. Berar and Places East
      • In 'hot weather' of 1930 transferred to Amraoti in Berar. New system of Land Revenue Law because Berar leased from Nizam of Hyderabad. 'Berar Question'. Describes Amraoti water shortage. Many local officials moved to nearby hill station. District Superintendent of Police, Nelson, arrives. Hyde has great respect for him.
      • Much trouble from 'civil disobedience' in Maratha country. Expresses dislike for Congress Party 'agitators' and their 'methods'. Gives two examples of women and cripples being used in demonstration.
      • Explains expansion of cotton growing and consequent destruction of accessible woodland. Creation of 'babul bans'.
      • Hyde appointed Sub-Divisional Officer and Magistrate of Chandhur Morsi Sub-Division. Goes on tour with Sikh Divisional Forest Officer, Hira Singh. 'Cawnpore Massacres' - Singh's comments.
      • Importance of cotton crop to European community.
      • Christmas leave in Bombay.
      • Describes celebrations for Nizam's birthday.
      • Observations on the villages of Berar.
    3. Ellichpur
      • Hyde posted to Ellichpur - first independent charge, situated at foot of Melghat Hill, on northern fringe of Berar Plain. Substantial Muslim community. First involvement in Muslim culture. Impressed by their dignity.
      • Much work. Made an Additional District Magistrate - tries more important cases. Recounts interesting gang robbery case. Hyde involved in 'Tawler case'. He recorded the key confession. Describes events leading up to the confession and recounts the story he heard. Trial held in Amraoti. Accused found guilty and sentenced to death by Judge C.R. Hemeon. Case went to appeal and men acquitted. Expresses opinion that witnesses were bribed and coerced into altering evidence by accused's family who were very powerful locally. Future difficulty in convicting influential men. Very heavy monsoon in 1931. Attempts to establish a flood relief committee. Descriptions of Chikalda - a pleasant Hill Station in Melghat Talug. Invited to stay by D.C. While on night-time tiger shoot gets badly bitten by mosquitos. Develops sepsis in his knee and has to undergo surgery without anaesthetic.
      • New outbreak of civil disobedience. Hyde posted as Additional Under Secretary to Home Department of the Provincial Government in Nagpur.
    4. Nagpur and Home Leave
      • Worked under Sir Hyde Gowan, Chief Secretary at the Nagpur Secretariat.
      • Acted as Secretary to the 'Defence Committee', presided over by Raghavendra Rao, the Home Member. Hyde gets appendicitis. Applied for home leave. Gets married in June and returns to India with wife and motor car in November 1932.
      • Describes eventful car journey from Bombay to Raipur, Headquarters of Chattisgarh Division, most backward area of C.P. Inhabited by Chamar untouchables. Hyde in charge of Eastern Sub-division.
      • Early 1933 goes on tour. Visits Zamindaris. Then posted to Seoni.
    5. Seoni
      • Independent sub-division on Satpura plateau. High proportion of aboriginal Gonds in population. Brief description of lifestyle in Seoni. Visited by 'Gandhiji'. Felt tremors from Bihar earthquake of 1934.
      • Partial crop failure. Again making precautions for famine relief. Visited by Gowan and invited to his Christmas camp.
      • Autumn - sits 'Reserves' promotion exams in Poona. Weekend in Nagpur watching Provincial XI play MCC touring side.
      • Imprisonment of Subas Chandra Bose. Hyde's opinions.
      • Early 1934 visited by Mr Gibson of Indian Political Department, first Agent to the Governor General of the new Eastern States Agency. Shortly afterwards offered post of Administrator for Bastar State.
      • Notes and Glossary.
    6. Bastar State
      • Good descriptions of the State and its history and people. Hyde referred to as 'the Diwan' because administered State on behalf of the Maharani Prafulla Kumari Devi.
      • Much to learn. Mrs Hyde pregnant. Heavy monsoon. Crop damage and much flooding. Takes wife to Nagpur for medical consultation. Cholera epidemic occurs. Considers value of centralized power structure in such emergencies. Some deaths in the State jail from phynodema (vitamin A deficiency).
      • Many schemes initiated or developed e.g. road from Raipur to Madras.
      • Presidency metalled. Plans begun for a hospital in Jagdalpur. Working plan for Golapalli Reserve Forest completed.
      • Visits Madras to see Commissioner of Excise about opium smuggling.
      • Maharani returns from England. Much revered by local people. Describes first correspondence and meeting with her.
      • Hyde's eldest son born in December. In January accompanies Maharani to Delhi. Attends all-India conference on wildlife. Maharani talks with Viceroy. Problem of her husband, Profulla Chandra Singh Bhanj Deo, being Hindu man yet lower in status than his wife. April 1935 Maharani left Bastar. Returned to England in July, seriously ill. In her absence Hyde led Silver Jubilee Celebrations for King George V and Queen Mary. Maharani died in February 1936. Six year old son, Pravin Chandra Deo, proclaimed Maharaja. Interesting descriptions of ceremony and traditions.
      • Describes a form of bond service existing in Bastar. Evasion of 'Kabadi Rules'. Fascinating descriptions of the tribes of Bastar, chiefly the Muria and Maria. Also Halba people and their involvement in the local salt trade. No caste restrictions but belief in black magic was universal.
      • Some cases of human sacrifice in Bastar between 1927-1942. Recounts three cases. Opposed to black magic were seers, or sirahas. Emphasises importance of medical help to aboriginal people. Particular need to treat the disease 'Yaws'. Also vaccination against smallpox.
      • Bastar very poor State - low land revenue. Some income from excise duty and forests. Travels with State Engineer. Learns to 'divine water'. Sets up scheme to protect village nistar forests in Jagdalpur Tahsil.
      • Still in operation in 1975/76. Interesting descriptions of wildlife in the State. People and cattle killed by tigers and panthers. Recounts story of a large hunt in 1937/38 for a family of man-eating tigers.
      • Agricultural improvement difficult. Ran small experimental farm near Jagdalpur.
      • Very interesting descriptions of the celebration of. Desehra, the national festival of Bastar, which occurred in October.
      • Bastar quite rich in archaeological remains. Hyde begins plans to preserve certain temples.
      • Iron ore deposits found in Bailadila Hills.
      • Describes other varied duties, e.g. running the Court of Wards.
      • Hyde's deputation to Bastar was to end in March 1940 but he felt so opposed to Congress Government, particularly with regard to minorities, that he refused to serve under them in British India. His request to stay in Bastar was refused and Hyde left, as directed, in March.
  28. Five letters from Eric Gill to E.S. Hyde discussing the commission of a memorial portrait stone of the Maharani of Bastar. 7 November 1936 - 20 December 1937. 5ff.
  29. Five letters from the Monotype Corporation Limited concerning a drawing of the proposed memorial. 10 April 1959 - 20 May 1960. 5ff
  30. Sketch of the design of the memorial. Initialled E.G. 25.4.38'. If.
  31. Undated note by Hyde on the Maharani of Bastar. Hyde explains that the Maharani Hospital in Bastar was called in her memory and when he returned to a posting in British India, he left Gill's sculptured panel to be erected in the forecourt of the hospital. 2f.
  32. Undated note by Gill which covered a working drawing of the relief sculpture. Gill notes that the sculpture was delivered to Jadalpur, Bastar in 1939. 1f

See also: Films, photographs


Lent by B.E. Hyde-Smith
Indian Army 1853-1907

  1. Family tree written on fly sheet of family Bible.
  2. Statement of the Services of Major Edmund Davidson Smith (30 March 1874).
  3. Commissions of Edmund Davidson Smith:
    • as Ensign in the 95th Regiment of Foot from 22 April 1853.
    • as Lieutenant from 6 June 1854
    • as Captain from 5 June 1855
    • as Major of Infantry from 1 May 1866
    • as Fort Major and Adjutant, Jersey, from 16 January 1874.
  4. Letter of appointment to Bt. Lt. Colonel E.W. Smith to serve on Staff of the West Indies as Assistant Adjutant and Q.M. General, half pay, 18 April 1877.
  5. TS Reminiscences of Major-General E. Davidson Smith (of the 95th Foot): 1) The Crimea (9pp.), 2) The Indian Mutiny (6pp.)
  6. Photograph of the Jubilee of the Indian Mutiny, 1857-1907. Levie of the Survivors by H.M. King Edward VII, 25 June 1907.


Given by Dr. Noel Hypher.

  1. Book: These are the Anglo-Indians, by Reginald Mahar.
  2. Swallow Press, Calcutta, 1962. 110pp. small size.