Centre of South Asian Studies


Handlist of Papers - G


Small Collections Box 11

Bangalore 1947

Xerox TS copy of a sermon preached by the Rev. H. Sumitra in the Bangalore United Theological College Chapel on Independence Day, 15 August 1947.

Brief outline of the history of the Methodist Church in Hyderabad.


(Major General Thomas Gallwey)

Small Collections Box 11

Given by Colonel Thomas Joseph Gallwey

N.W.F.P. and Afghanistan: 1876-1906

Copies of 14 letters written by Thomas Gallwey (later Major General Gallwey, great-uncle to donor) a doctor in the Army Medical Department from 1876 to 1906, to his brother, William, at home in Ireland. They cover the time of the Afghan War in which he was a surgeon with various Regiments including the 17th both at the Field Hospital in Peshawar and in Afghanistan.

His letters describe various incidents and are deeply critical of the political diplomacy with Afghanistan. Also very critical of the Army Medical Department. Obituary from The Stonyhurat Magazine. 155pp.


(Colonel W.L. Gardner)

Small Collections Box 11

Given by Mrs. K. Taprell Plummer

Records of Colonel William Linnaeus Gardner (Gardner's Horse, India), copied from the Lyon family records by permission of Mrs. K. Taprell Plummer. The records are preserved in a bound volume of typescript copied from the originals which Mrs. Taprell Plummer's grandmother had, and which cannot now be found. They trace the ancestry of the Lyon family and the connections with the families of Radcliffe, Clayton and Gardner.

Letters of Colonel William Linnaeus Gardner, of Gardner's Horse, India, to his aunt, 1815-18; during this period he raised and commanded Gardner's Horse:

25 May 1815 - brief history of his life, from landing in India in 1796 to the present; engaged in Maratha War; later under Lord Lake; near his brother Edward in Delhi, at his H.Q. at Khasgunge; in the attack on Nepal under Lord Moira; Nepal and the Gurkhas; marriage to an Indian princess; left the army for this reason with a Company pension. 1818 - with General Donkin's Division; chasing Pindaras; tells of Lord Hastings making the British paramount in India; continues with description of prospects and his life in India.

Francis Clayton's (Mrs. J.R. Lyon's) recollections of the Gardner family dictated by her at Pulford to her daughter-in-law, Mrs. William Lyon in 1867.


Lieutenant Colonel P.C. Garrett began his army service in India in a British regiment in 1933-34. He then joined the 2nd Battalion, the Frontier Force Regiment which was stationed in Jubbulpore. In 1938 he transferred to the South Waziristan Scouts and by 1945 he was second in command of the Zhob Militia. After brief service in Greece, Colonel Garrett attended a course at the Staff College in Quetta. Between 1947 and 1950 Garrett was on contract with the Government of Pakistan as Commander of the Zhob Militia.

The papers include some thirty typescript sections of a monograph on Frontier forces which Colonel Garrett had prepared in response to a request from Professor T. Farrell in the U.S.A. Some of the material described here appears in a microfilm listed as 'Anonymous 2' in Volume 1 of Cambridge South Asian Archive.

Given by Mrs Garrett.


Envelope 1

  1. Letters to Professor Farrell from Garrett concerning the possible book on the Zhob Militia and the Frontier Force. 15 July 1968 - 3 October 1969. ff 1-25.
  2. Copy of a memoir entitled "Gilgit 1947 and After" by Major W.A. Brown, M.B.E. An account of Major Brown's time in Gilgit while Commandant of the Gilgit Scouts during the period when the Maharajah of Kashmir acceded to India. How Brown and his second in command, Captain A.S. Mathieson, decided to use the scouts to stage a coup d'etat and take complete control of the Agency and then offer it to Pakistan. ff 26-29.
  3. Three letters concerned with above memoir from and to W.A. Brown and Garrett. December 1970 and March 1971. ff 3033.
  4. Commencement of Colonel Garrett's monograph. Notes on the Civil Armed Forces (Scouts). Written 20 July 1968. It covers an historical. outline of the Zhob Militia; from where the officers were drawn; why they joined the scouts and a general outline of the equipment used. ff 34-53.
  5. Continuation of monograph. Written 8 March 1968. On the Mekran and Chagi Levy Corps; characteristics required of a Scouts Officer. ff 53-6.
  6. Continuation of monograph. Written 10 September 1968. Covering the tribal composition of the South Waziristan Scouts and the Zhob Militia and their promotion system. Several British officers are named and characteristic incidents given. ff 57-65.
  7. Continuation of monograph. Written 21 October 1968 covering the following: Why Scouts enlisted; why the Scouts Officers were mistrusted; why there is no history of the Scouts. ff 66-72.
  8. Continuation of monograph. Written 1 October 1968. How the Scout readjusted to his regiment and were the Scouts a back door to the Political Department? ff 73-80.
  9. Continuation of monograph. Written 15 November 1968. The difficulty in finding the type of man adequate to make a Scouts Officer during the war. Several short biographies under pseudonyms. ff 81-97.
  10. Continuation of monograph. Written 1 April 1969. The Role of the Inspecting Officer, Frontier Corps. Short outspoken biographies and anecdotes of the following Chief Scouts: Colonel Dick Wilson; Brigadier Nat Cosby; Brigadier David Williams; Brigadier Mike Bailey; Brigadier Denis Ambrose; Colonel Fitzmaurice. Short note on the sillidar system. ff 98-109.
  11. Continuation of monograph. Written April 1969. Covering Orderlies - their use, selection and anecdotal memories. ff 110-43.
  12. Continuation of monograph. Written May 1969. Covering the various types and methods of gashting used in the Frontier Corps including three pages of hand-drawn diagrams. ff 144-158.
  13. Continuation of monograph. Written May 1969. Covering, with diagrams, the Corps organisation and administration. ff 159-162.
  14. Continuation of monograph. Written in 1943 with a later appendix in 1969. Giving a brief description of life in the Frontier Corps on the North West Frontier in general and in the South Waziristan Scouts in particular. ff 163-204.
  15. Continuation of monograph. Written April 1938 covering the action at Dargai Sar and includes the official report by D.L. Woods, Officiating Commandant. In 1969 Garrett added a note on the personalities mentioned. ff 205-20.
  16. Continuation of monograph. These notes were written by Garrett in 1943 as a commentary on India's North West Frontier by Sir William Barton. ff 221-43.
  17. Continuation of monograph. Written in June 1969. Covering why, where and when, a Scouts' post was built and includes a diagram. ff 244-8.

Envelope 2

  1. Continuation of monograph. Written in July 1969. An account of the Indian Political Service with brief sketches of 23 I.P.S. Officers. ff 1-16.
  2. Continuation of monograph. Written in July 1969. An account of equipment - what the Scout wore. ff 17-22.
  3. Continuation of monograph. Written in August 1969. Further notes on equipment, in particular, musketry training; insignia and uniforms. ff 23-25.
  4. Continuation of monograph. Written in August 1969. A note on militarisation. f 26.
  5. Continuation of monograph. Written in March 1970. An account of the Mahsud Battalions. ff 27-30.
  6. Continuation of monograph. Written in April 1970. Extracts from replies of Evelyn Cobb, Stanley Williams and Sir Ambrose Dundas to questions on certain officers. ff 31-7.
  7. Continuation of monograph. Written in April 1970. Extract from a letter from Sir B. Bromhead about an officer. ff 38-40.
  8. Continuation of monograph. Written in May 1970. Note on how Political Officers retained military rank and how the system of "Lay Books" worked. ff 41-5.
  9. Continuation of monograph. Written in August 1970. Note on possible connections between the original Frontier Corps and more recently raised Scouts in the Persian Gulf. ff 46-50.
  10. Continuation of monograph. Written in January 1971. Contains comments on Professor Farrell's draft chapters on Gilgit-Chitral and on other matters. ff 51-6.
  11. Continuation of monograph. Written in May 1971. Further notes on Gilgit-Chitral. ff 57-66.
  12. Continuation of monograph. Written in July 1971. Notes collected from talks with Brigadier Barker about the South Waziristan Militia. ff 67-71.
  13. Continuation of monograph. Written in August 1971. Notes on Armoured Lorries together with photocopy of an article on this subject by Major D.H.J. Williams in the Journal of the Royal United Service Institute.

Envelope 3

Originals of Colonel Garrett's letters to Professor Farrell, 18 March 1969 - 23 July 1974. The letters relate to the drafts of Colonel Garrett's monograph and cover a wide range of matters. They include further biographical details of officers employed on the Frontier. 145 ff.

Envelope 4

  1. Copies (typescript and xerox) of what are evidently chapters of Professor Farrell's book. These are entitled: 'Curzon's Plan'; 'Background of Militia Officers'; 'Waziristan till 1898'; 'The Founding of the Waziristan Militias'; 'Sir Robert Sandeman and the Founding of the Zhob Levy Corps'; 'The Gilgit Scouts'; 'Robert Warburton and the Khyber Rifles'. There is also the draft of an introductory survey of the region. ff 1-93.
  2. Comments by Colonel Garrett on some of the drafts in (1) above. ff 94-8.
  3. Memoir by N. Cosby of many aspects of his career on the North West Frontier. ff 99-120.
  4. Xerox copy of article by Major D.H. Williams on a lightweight radio telephone set from Journal of the Royal United Services institute. ff 121-6.


Miscellaneous papers on Malaysia and Indonesia given by H. George, Esq.

  1. Dusun custom in Putatan District compiled by Pangeran Osman bin O.K.K. Pangeran Haji Omar, Deputy Assistant District Officer, Putatan with a translation by G.C. Woolley. Government Printing Office, Jesselton, North Borneo, 1932. 56pp.
  2. Interim report by Professor J.L. Landgraf to the Government of North Borneo on socio-anthropological field work amongst the Muruts in 1954-1955. Government Printing Department, Jesselton, North Borneo, 1956. 28pp., maps.
  3. Sarawak. Land law and adat. A report by A.J.N. Richards. Government Printing Office, Kuching, 1961. 78pp.
  4. Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Vol. XX. Part II. December 1947. Malaya Publishing House Ltd., Singapore. 202pp., ill.
  5. Malaysian Branch Royal Asiatic Society Reprint No. 4. A centenary volume 1877-1977. Printed for the M.B.R.A.S. Singapore, 1977. 358pp.
  6. 'Report of the Colony of North Borneo Rubber Commission, February 1949.' 50pp., typescript. Appendices A-M.
  7. 'The Achenese' by Dr C. Snouck Hurgronje, Adviser for Native Affairs, Netherlands, India. Translated by the late A.W. S. O'Sullivan, Assistant Colonial Secretary, Straits Settlements, with an index by R.J. Wilkinson, Inspector of Schools, Federated Malay States. Typescript bound in two volumes: 380 and 410pp.


(W.W. Georgeson)

Small Collections Box 11

Experiences as a magistrate in Madras Presidency 1946. Describes a riot in the. village Alattoor and the influence of the Kisan Association and the ringleader Koopoo Voikaran. The riot was against the landowners by the landless tenants and labourers. TS 8 pp.

Reminiscences written up from diaries, 1933

  1. Sub-collector Chicacole (500 miles north of Madras).
  2. A visit of the Governor of Madras Sir George Stanley, to Ganjam, 1934. Rival hospitality between the Raja of Parlakimedi and the Raja of Khallikota. Sowras and Khonds.
  3. Agency tracts in Madras Presidency. Bissoyis. Sowras.
  4. Sub-collector Coonoor, Nilgiris, 1937. Elections for Legislative Assembly.


Papers of Rai Sahib Ashutosh Ghosh, 1887-1966

Donated by Mr P. Ghosh

These papers contain details of the domestic and professional life of a leading Indian civil servant who served until 1941. An introduction to the collection and biographical details of Rai Sahib Ghosh, written by Ayan Ghosh, based on the recollections of Panchugopal Ghosh and the late Niharbala Ghosh (respectively, the only grandchild, elder son and wife of Rai Sahib Ashutosh Ghosh) can be viewed by clicking on this link.


Papers relating to the personal life of Rai Sahib Ashutosh Ghosh:

  1. Indian zodiac chart
  2. Education certificates, 1904-1908
  3. Notification of examination results, 1909; Notifications of appointments within the Department of Industry and Labour - Posts and Telegraphs, 1936-1941
  4. Formal invitations to functions and menu cards from official dinners
  5. Letters of congratulation upon receipt of title; Copies of certificates re award of title and of the Jubilee Medal
  6. Correspondence relating to pension arrangements, 1940-41
  7. Personal tributes upon the death of Rai Sahib Ghosh
  8. Folder containing personal correspondence
  9. Miscellaneous diaries, 1939-1963

For a full description of the contents of this box Click here.


  1. Folder containing financial papers relating principally to insurance policies, estate duty and the sale of property
  2. Folder containing papers relating to property in Dasora (Manikganj, Bangladesh)

For a full description of the contents of this box Click here.


  1. 11 unbound books of household accounts, 1911-1927
  2. 14 account books of personal finances covering the period November 1926 to March 1953

For a full description of the contents of this box Click here.


  1. 4 account books of personal finances covering the period May 1953 to April 1965
  2. Small unbound notebook containing notes of meetings, financial transactions and cases, 1948 to 1965
  3. Notebook with diary and financial notes for 1960
  4. Notebook detailing items sent for cleaning 1933 to 1939
  5. 2 small notebooks containing addresses
  6. 3 copies of pamphlet announcing the auction of Mr Ghosh's household effects in New Delhi, 1941
  7. Papers relating to the ownership and transfer of properties in Gopalpur and Burdwan

For a full description of the contents of this box Click here.


  1. Assorted newspapers marking significant dates in India throughout the 20th century. This box is closed for preservation purposes as the papers are extremely fragile.


Small Collections Box 11

Given by Mrs H. Ghoshal. Bengal 1940-47.

Xerox of typescript. 9 pp.

This short memoir, entitled 'The Memsahib I Could Never Be', describes the author's personal transition from the life of a university student and member of a middle-class Bengali family associated with the 1930s struggle for Independence to her life as wife of a subdivisional I.C.S. officer in Patuakhali, District Barisal. Visits to District Headquarters introduced her to the company of British and Indian Memsahibs and left her disenchanted with the social assumptions of the Raj. Transfer to Calcutta enabled her to see changes brought about by the War, the 1943 Famine and, finally, Independence. She and her family, Hindus, were uprooted from their homeland by the Partition of Bengal.


Madras, Calcutta, U.P., Mysore, Berar 1857-1909

Given by Lt. Colonel A.W. Gibbon.


Letters written by James Gibbon to his mother.

  1. Troop-ship Hydaspes. Saturday morning 18 September, 1857. First night on board, Tolerably comfortable. Going to St. Vincents and from there to Point de Calle, Ceylon. (1 sheet).
  2. Hydaspes. St. Vincents 30 September - 1 October 1857. Coaling (hope for 700 tons). Describes voyage - band of Horse Artillery on board which plays in evening - officers and men dance. Large number of books, many on India. Describes St. Vincents. 8pp).
  3. Extract from log of Hydaspes 18 - 30 September and 12 November - 14 December when reach Point de Galle, Ceylon. (2 sheets).
  4. Hydaspes at sea 6 October 1857. General news of voyage.
  5. Single sheet from sea outside Madras. Has too much baggage.
  6. Hydaspes. Madras Roads. 21 December 1857. Have brought 280 of 69th from Ceylon. Has been on shore at Point de Galle and in Madras. Troops behaved well. Good news of insurrection. Various individuals. Bishop of Calcutta dies. Going to Calcutta. (8pp).
  7. Artillery Mess House, Dum Dum, Calcutta. 9 January 1858. Describes disembarkation and subsequent events, and meeting with friends, arrangements for baggage, letters, paying for horses, etc.
  8. Neemuch Ghat, Bengal 17 January 1858. Ordered to Benares. By train to Raneegunje, then bullock train. Remarks on organisation of this. Likes climate and country.
  9. Allahabad 3 February 1858. Waiting for orders. Governor General expected next day, and possibly Commander in Chief. Description of the City. Mutiny seems to be decreasing. Position of Lucknow. Sir Colin Campbell's decisions about bombardment and siege. Health of self and men. (16pp.)
  10. Ten miles beyond Cawnpore. Camp Oonas. 15 February, 1858. Detached bodies of rebels. Sir Colin Campbell and Brigadier General Hope Grant have been. Very dull. Good health. Very dirty everywhere. (4pp.)
  11. Cawnpore 26 February 1858. Back with a Battery. Going to Oudhe to Bunterra. Working extremely hard. Lucknow not expected to stand for more than 2 or 3 days.
  12. Lucknow 31 March 1858. Has been engaged with enemy. Some casualties. With Outram's force and Sir Hope Grant. Lucknow overcome. The force diverted part to Azimghur and Benares, and part Lucknow, part Cantonments. People returning to city, shops opening. A great deal of 'looting'. Rupees the real attraction of India. (8pp.)
  13. Lucknow 10 April 1858. Settled in large house, Armeenabad, in City with two companies of 23rd. Men on ground floor, officers above. Health good. Hopes to get some prize money. Hope for police to take over troops' work in future. A Photographer arrived, the same one who went to the Crimea and took so many views of Sebastopol. Hopes to take Q Battery and officers and men. Rumours about promotion. Still large bodies of rebels to be dispersed. Need for books and papers. (2 sheets).
  14. Lucknow 15 April 1858. General Walpole gone to Bareilly, Brigadier Seaton to Futtehpur killing 600, General Hope Grant had a fight. Sir Edward Lugard believed to have defeated enemy at Azimghur. News of Sir Hugh Rose and General Roberts hemming in rebels in Bundebund. (2 sheets).
  15. Lucknow 22 April 1858. Given six months batta, hopes for prize money. Describes furnishing, and amenities of punkahs, tatties and chatties. Fighting going on near Bareilly. Brigadier Hope killed - rumours about conduct of attack. Comments on prosecution of the war and fall of Lucknow. (2 sheets).
  16. Camp, Bunner Bridge, Oudhe. 27 April 1858. With 'flying column' chasing bands of rebels. Describes the post they hold, military movements, and future plans. Importance of publishing despatches for real news. Comments on women left alone in Calcutta. Opinion of Indians. (2 sheets).
  17. Camp Khanta, Oudhe, 1 May 1858. Transferred to another Battery with Sir Hope Grant. Enumerates other regiments with them. Engaged in mopping up operations and general surveillance. Better health than in Lucknow. (2 sheets).
  18. With Sir James Hope Grant's column, near Oudhe, banks of the Ganges, 13 May 1858. Has been wounded in left leg during a panic, consequent on a night attack. A flesh wound. (1 sheet).
  19. Lucknow 25 May 1858. Back in same house. Describes alterations to Lucknow, streets opened, buildings cleared etc., and defences organised. Describes the amount of luggage he has - 4 camel loads. (2 sheets).
  20. Lucknow, 31 May 1858. Wound progressing and is well looked after. Capture of Lucknow - impossible to prevent numbers of rebels escaping. There will be many stories especially Daily News which has numerous correspondents. Plans for the Battery during the rains. Comment on capture of Lucknow. Comments on various people. Says there. are a few ladies there. Losing men from the heat. Comments on news of mutiny, and rebels getting short of arms. Wound beginning to heal. (3 sheets).
  21. Lucknow, 8 June 1858. Making good progress. Mentions great loss at Jagdispur of 35th and Captain Le Grand, under rebel leader Kooar Sing (sic) (Kunwar Singh). The two guns lost were manned by Calcutta sailors - Sir Edward Lugard now routing them out in jungle. May not return if wound heals because of promotion. Directs his mother to gum her envelopes all round the edges. (2 sheets).
  22. Lucknow, 13 June 1858. Sir Hope Grant taken Battery to Nawabgunge. (1 sheets).
  23. Lucknow, 22 June 1858. Battery has successful action at Nawabgunge. Reports death of the Moulvi. Thinking of returning. Sepoys returning home. Mentions looting and prize money. Contd. 23 June. Cannot decide whether to return or stay (the latter because of promotion) Gwalior retaken. Homesick for England. Contd. 25 June (2 sheets).
  24. Lucknow, 30 June 1858. Leg improving. Good effect of summary punishment of mutineers at Gwalior and then defeat at Nawabgunge. Men well - comments on contrast with conditions during Crimea. Prepayment of postage from India compulsory after 1 September. (1 sheet).
  25. Lucknow, 12 July 1858. Everything fairly quiet, but still troublesome pockets of rebels. Mentions inaccurate reports of his own engagement. Mentions numbers of rebels remaining in Oudhe. (2 sheets).
  26. Lucknow 25 July 1858 Leg much improved. Battery gone to Fyzabad - intends to join them. Contd. 26 July. (l sheet).
  27. Lucknow 9 August 1858. Mentions official letter about his Battery's action by Sir Colin Outram. Reading a number of newspapers and journals. (2 sheets).
  28. Lucknow, 18 August 1858. Reports on possibility of changes regarding promotion of officers generally. Two guns from Battery to join 2nd Batt. Rifle Brigade under Brig. Horsford against rebels at Sultanpore. New Police levies used to disperse small bands of rebels. Oudhe quietening down. Ladies now get permission to rejoin their husbands. Heard that there is a gay life in Benares. Numbers of people going on leave, and officers selling commissions to go home. A man starting a hotel in Lucknow. (2 sheets).
  29. Allahabad 3 September 1858. Started on journey home. To Cawnpore: Futtehpoor (stays with the Judge). Making for Calcutta, and a medical board. Promoted Major. (2 sheets).
  30. Steamer Lady Thackwell. Ghazeepore, 9 September 1858. Hopes to get to Calcutta on 15, and away on Steamer by the 23. The present boat tolerable. (1 sheet).
  31. 2nd sheet of a letter 22 September (1858) to his sister Harriet. From Calcutta. Doing business and waiting for a ship. Hears there is a plan for re-organising the Regiment. (1 sheet).
  32. Calcutta, 28 September 1858. Engaged passage on the Alma for 9 October. About arriving in England. (2 sheets).
  33. Steamer Alma, Red Sea, 1 November 1858. About to disembark at Suez, and take the S.S. Ceylon at Alexandria. A new ship. Arrangements for arriving in England. (2 sheets).
  34. Steamer Ceylon. Falmouth Roads. 16 November 1858 to his brother Willy. Has been held up by a fierce gale. May come on overland. (1 sheet).

Letters to Captain James Gibbon from his brother officers in the Royal Artillery.


  1. Charles Fortescue, Rome, 26 November 1857. Says his brother in 73rd N.I. imputes blame to the E.I.C. for want of foresight of the mutiny, which had origins in the past, and was incited. (2 sheets).
  2. H.J. Fitzhugh, Woolwich, March 1858. Mentions public opinion of Artillery at Cawnpore, and admiration for Sir Colin Campbell. (1 sheet).
  3. Captain J. Dawson, Assistant Commission, n.p. 10 April 1858. Note of the Officer Commanding Ahmeenahabad (sic) asking to allow the bearer to remove the chandeliers and lamps in the house (1 sheet).
  4. J.M. Radcliffe, Dum Dum, 23 April 1858. About canteen swindle, and other regimental and military news and gossip, about orders, contract allowances etc. (2 sheets).
  5. S.C. (?) Enderby, 30 April 1858. News of various friends. Half Anderson's troop under Torrians is there. (1 sheet).
  6. J.M. Radcliffe, Dum Dum, 7 May 1858. Repaying debt, -contract allowance for R.A. and Bengal Army. News of friends, two of whom gone shooting in the Sunderbans for deer and tiger. Remark about command of Bengal Army Artillery over R.A. (1 sheet).
  7. C.W.B. Riddell, Camp near Jagdespoor, 30 May 1858. Been chasing Koor Singh's followers in the jungle. Describes attack on the 35th at Jagdespoor, caught out by misjudged distance and no food. Others joined attack. Lost two guns held by Calcutta sailors. News of batteries. Suggests employing native artificers in addition to English. (Wheelwrights etc.). (1 sheet).
  8. F.B. Ward, Woolwich, 6 June 1858. News of promotions and changes in the Regiment. Smythe appointed director of Artillery Studies a Staff College of the Regiment to be formed at Woolwich. Reforms at Woolwich, Mess forms own committee. Giving a grand dinner to Sir Archdale Wilson. (2 sheets).
  9. J.M. Radcliffe, Dum Dum, 11 June 1858. Much illness. Looking after Gibbon's carriages. 20 wheels to be tightened. Auditor General refuses to pay certain sergeants and refuses to answer letters. Depots of equipment to be set up over country. Feeling of being a prisoner in India. (1 sheet).
  10. A.I. Johnson, Camp Nawabgunge, 15 June 1858. Describes an engagement with enemy. Numerous deaths by sun-stroke. Hodson's Horse refused to charge four times. Promotions. (2 sheets).
  11. A.I. Johnson, Camp Nawabgunge, 20 June 1858. Describes arrangements for building huts for men and horses. News of individuals. (1 sheet).
  12. N.W. Burnaby, Camp Nawab Gunge, 21 June 1858. News of individuals. Mentions permanent camping place for the rains (roofed over). Ommaney's Co. has been at Jhansi. (2 sheets).
  13. J. Barker, Camp, 26 June 1858. Building own house. Miscellaneous gossip. (2 sheets).
  14. A.I. Johnson, Camp Nawabgunge, 26 June 1858. Plans for building huts for the men. Plans for building a mess. Hears there is poor prize money. (1 sheet).
  15. Major Dalzell, Greenwich Hostpital, 10 July ? 1858. Thanks for helping his brother. (1 sheet).
  16. J.M. Radcliffe, Dum Dum, 13 July 1858. Discussion of the contract system for supply of stores, or independent system, and difficulty of getting decision. Describes difficulty in getting two guns from Calcutta, bullocks and poles. (1 sheet).
  17. K.D. Majendie, Camp Nawabgunge, 13 July 1858. News of the buildings for men and officers. Gives numbers of cholera deaths in various regiments. (1 sheet).
  18. A.I. Johnson, Camp Nawabgunge, 20 July, 1858. Regimental gossip of individuals and horses. (1 sheet).
  19. No signature but probably A.I. Johnson, Camp Nawabgunge, 21 July, 1858. Only half letter giving list of deaths among N.C.O.'s and consequent re-appointments. (1 sheet).
  20. G.M. Riddell, month and address torn but probably August 1858. General gossip. Congratulates Gibbon on majority. (1 sheet).
  21. K.D. Majendie, Camp near Fyzabad, 2 August, 1858. Describes visit of Maun Singh to General Grant. Regimental gossip. (2 sheets).
  22. A.I. Johnson, Fyzabad, 4 August 1858. About pay for the men and harness for horses, and Mess Fund. Regimental gossip. The enemy in force 8 miles away. (2 sheets and envelope).
  23. Signature torn off, but probably N.W. Burnaby, Camp Fyzabad, 11 August 1858. Regimental gossip, and hopes of promotion. Mentions the bad state of the Thames in, London. (1 sheet).
  24. Letter with last page and signature missing but envelope marked in pencil Majendie. Same writing as 55 q.v. Camp Fyzabad, 16 August 1858. Describes engagement at Sultanpore - guns detached from the R.A. by Sir Colin Campbell. Describes the Camp just built, and the Fort. Snakes. Illness. (2 sheets).
  25. N.W. Burnaby, Fyzabad, 18 August 1858. Regimental news and a little about campaign manoeuvres. (Mentions the submarine telegraph to America). (1 sheet).
  26. N.W. Burnaby, Fyzabad, 19 August, 1858. Has heard from England that the Regiment is to be distributed. Mentions review of Fleet at Cherbourg. (1 sheet).
  27. N.W. Burnaby, Fyzabad, 28 August 1858. A force expected to go against the Begum and another at Rai Bareilly. Promotion. (1 sheet).
  28. J.B. Strange to (A.I.) Johnson, Camp on the other side - Sultanpoor, 28 August, 1858. Describes an engagement with the rebels with descriptions of various individuals and of the horses drowned. (2 sheets).
  29. A.I. Johnson, Fyzabad, 29 August 1858. Sorry about Gibbon leaving. News of the horses and other members of the troop, and their various engagements. (1 sheet).
  30. Incomplete letter. Camp, Fyzabad, 4 September 1858, (no signature). General news of army life. (1 sheet + envelope).
  31. A.I. Johnson, Fyzabad, 4 September 1858. Taking over command of the battery from Gibbon and asks questions relating to this command e.g. contract allowance, accounts, etc. (1 sheet).
  32. C.R. Franklen, Bieh Gunge, Sassaram, 15 September, 1858. Describes the fighting round Sassaram. Attitude towards the rebels, and the mutiny. (1 sheet + 1 envelope).
  33. K.D. Majendie, Simla, 22 September 1858. News of individuals in the regiment, and gossip. News of the battery, its horses, equipment and men. Describes journey from Cawnpore to Bewar. Allygurh, and Delhi, where he sees all the sights of the Mutiny. On to Muballa and Kalka. Goes by jampan to Hurrepore and on to Simla. Overwhelmed with delight at scenery., Describes Simla, and gets room in the Club/Hotel run by Mr. Vivian. The drink has run out except porter. Criticism of elite society. Describes the evening ride in the Mall 'at full gallop'. Met friends, goes to a wedding. Deplores lack of mail. Gratitude to Gibbon. Part of letter torn away. (4 sheets).
  34. H.J. Fitzhugh, Woolwich, 22 September 1858. Regarding money for officers' widows - subscription from the Company not yet received. Anxiety over promotion. News of dissension at Woolwich about plan for the arsenal. Mentions invention of 'rifled cannon', (1 sheet).
  35. N.W. Burnaby, Camp, Fyzabad, 24 September 1858. Almost indecipherable; regimental news and gossip. (1 sheet).
  36. A.I. Johnson, Fyzabad, 27 September 1858. Settling accounts before Gibbon leaves. A sergeant asking for more pay - good discipline maintained among men. Sickness and deaths. Mentions the comet of Charles V last seen 300 years ago is now visible. (1 sheet).
  37. A.I. Johnson, Fyzabad, 28 September 1858. More about accounts having received letter. Regimental news and gossip. (1 sheet).
  38. K.D. Majendie, The Club, Simla, 8 October 1858. Has been very ill and is returning to England. A Committee concerned with sending officers to England coming to see him. Asks for advice on passage, money, etc., and where to stay in Calcutta. Mentions permanent field batteries etc. (1 sheet).
  39. N.W. Burnaby, Camp Fyzabad, 26 October 1858. Comments on the changes in Regimental structure. Describes a small engagement by a battery. Discussion of various officers and n.c.o.s.
  40. A.I. Johnson, Fyzabad, 10 November 1858. News of friends, officers and men. Dramatic society started; playing cricket. Pay cut. Rebels still firing at them from across the river and they fire back. Go on a picnic as part of an expedition to arrange about boats. Shoot at rebels and alligators and long for female company. (2 sheets).
  41. A.I. Johnson, Camp, Toolsiepore (sic) 20 February 1858. Describes a day's march having joined other troops: crossing a river on Christmas Day. Describes an engagement in the jungle taking 15 guns and dispersing the rebels and a march over bad ground. All under General Sir Hope Grant. Hear the war in Oudhe is over. Fears he will not get his majority as has had no fighting since Fyzabad. Discussion of horses - Q battery in good shape, no discipline troubles, no drunkenness. School and library in a good state - books and papers from Calcutta. Dramatic society flourishing, cricket and pig-shooting described.
  42. A.I. Johnson, Toolsiepore, 13 March 1859. Enumerates the other forces he was with, and the 'jolly' time between marches. Innumerable accidents. Amateur dramatics and parties. Describes subsequent march after Christmas. Fears the hot weather. Gives views of the Battery. (3 sheets).
  43. J. Barker, Camp, Toolsiepore, 14 March 1858. General news. News that 40,000 are coming from Nepal to attack. Dreads hot weather in tents, will lose men. (2 sheets).
  44. Incomplete letter, no signature, Mhow, 6 May 1859. Congratulates Gibbon on C.B. News of the troop, complains of hermit life. (1 sheet + 1 envelope).
  45. A.I. Johnson, Goruckpore (sic) 13 June 1859. A very good place with good sheds, kitchens, punkahs, charpoys. Has turned a room into a library/school. Gives detailed account of officers, n.c.o.'s, men and horses. Mistake to bring English gun carriages. Has to pay the native artificers out of own pocket. A racket court, swimming bath. Describes other Europeans. Mentions meeting of late John Co's European troops. His brother has reported on it. (2 sheets).
  46. A.I. Johnson, no date, no.place. Statement of Gibbon's mess account. (1 sheet).
  47. Letters from Lt. R.F. Thompson, R.A. 1859-1869
  48. Vizianagram, 18 August 1859. To his cousin Jane. Building barracks at Walthair. Mentions the French war in Egypt. Rumour that one third of the army in India are taking their discharge and may call for volunteer officers to take them home. One quarter of his regiment taking their discharge. They will enlist again and return, as generally soldiers like India. Describes the festival of Agshoor-Khana to which the European officers are invited (46th Regiment). Races starting. (1 sheet).
  49. Mangalore, 22 October 1862. To his sister Millie. Continues description begun in previous letter (missing) re the Cuderi Mukh (sic) hunting bison (buffalo). Put up for the night by headman of the village Nagoor (sic). Continues next day up Mukh (14 miles ascent). Observes the coom trees; mentions Webster, the Collector. Climbs to 6,100 ft. Bungalow built in 1845 by Government as a Sanatorium for Europeans at. instigation of Mr. Fischer, Collector of Malabar: cost R14,000, describes the bungalow in detail. (3 sheets).
  50. Mangalore, 3 September 1865. To his brother William. About shooting panther with a field piece, and trying to shoot another for a reward of 50 rupees offered by Mr. Cadell the Collector. Mentions Sir J.E. Tennent has been handled badly by the Press for his book on the Armstrong/Whitworth systems.
  51. Bangalore, 13 July 1868. Working very hard at Persian, and has eye strain. Asks father to thank Sir Arthur Guinness for his help in furthering his interests. Mourning. the death of a comrade, Captain D.D. Anderson, R.H.A. by typhoid. (1 sheet).
  52. Bangalore, 22 October 1868. Has passed Higher Standard in Persian. Going to learn Pushtu so that he may get employment in the projected new embassy in Kabul. Hopes for the Berar Staff Corps, if not to the Hyderabad Contingent. Price of postage.
  53. Bangalore, 22 February 1869. To his father. Unable to enter the Staff Corps. Going to Bombay on leave to study Mahratta. Already knows Hindustani and Canarese. Hoping to be appointed to Berar Commission. (1 sheet).
  54. Mangalore, 17 April 1869. Received bad news from the Under-Secretary to the Government (copy of letter missing) which appears to be refusing Thompson a post as Assistant Commissioner in the Staff Corps. Probable reasons. Asks father to get Sir Arthur (Guiness) to write a recommendation to Lord Mayo. Other career possibilities.
  55. A note, copied, n.d., from Viceroy asking his preference in an appointment.
  56. Secunderabad, 28 May 1869. Appointed to Berar Commission - General de Saumarez Commanding the Force. Goes with him to Troop Review and Nizam of Hyderabad's Durbar, breakfast with Resident Mr. Saunders, C.B. Notes his power. Describes Residency and Durbar. Europeans allowed in with shoes, and only time Thompson has salaamed a native first. Describes particularly Salar Jung. Describes the city and hatred of the white man. (1 sheet).
  57. Oomrawuttee (sic), 2 January, 1870. Starting a tour in Berar. Has been living a very gay life during Christmas, invited by Lt. Cambier at Ellichpur. Describes the pleasant life of the Commander of the R.A. Battery, pay, and power. Gives example of Captain Bell the D.G. Commissioner's power. Examples of different ranks' pay. Trying to get appointment in Persia to assist in re-organising the Shah's Artillery. (2 sheets).
  58. Oomrawuttee, 4 February 1870. Brief note of a personal matter.
  59. Oomrawuttee, 18 March 1870. Been at Akola, and met the Governor General and Staff and the Nawab Salar Jung. To Khamgaon on 4th to see Lord Mayo open the first State Railway. Lord Mayo made a long speech about cotton. Salar Jung's the only good speech; describes his dress. Describes celebrations; Salar Jung's dinner followed by a nautch. Hopes to go to Umballa by railway recently opened on leave. Asks for book, Binnings Two Years' travel in Persia. (1 sheet).
  60. Camp Rajura, 30 May 1878. About the death of Ayedia Parsad his former hunting companion. Drought. (2 sheets + 1 envelope).
  61. Three envelopes addressed to Major Gibbon, one to Captain Gibbon (sic) and one to V.D. Majendie.
  62. Collection of undated letters, notes on the letters, envelopes.
  63. Part of a letter to Captain J.R. Gibbon in England from Frederick Miller posted 30 November 1854, said to be about an attack in the Crimean War.

See also: photographs


Miss M.E. Gibbs

Small Collections Box 11

U.P. 1929

A short history of All Saints' Cathedral, Allahabad, with the teaching of its various parts, by the Rev. A. G. Davies-Leigh, M.A., Allahabad, Lucknow Diocesan Council, 1929.

33pp. illus.


Given by J.T.M. Gibson (Master Doon School; Headmaster Mayo College)

India General; Ajmer: 1937-1969

TS of autobiography: 'As I Saw It' (1977) which consists largely of his letters home, first to his parents and latterly to his sister, from 1937 until he retired in 1969. These letters are selected but unedited except for an occasional footnote. Half the subject matter is concerned with school life at the Doon School and Mayo College, and half with trekking in the Lower Himalaya. Interspersed are some letters to Mr. Gibson from his family in England and from his friends in England and India.

During the war Mr. Gibson left the Doon School to serve in the R.I.N. for three years. His last year in the Navy was spent organising pre-cadet training. He then returned to the Doon School but was soon seconded to head the academic staff of Inter-Service Wing, training cadets for all three armed services. Returning to the Doon School after two and a half years with the Inter-Service Wing, he describes in Ch. XXI his involvement with the repatriation of indigent Englishmen and in Chapter XXIV he gives the "common introduction" he appended to the letters he sent to the parents of boys in his House.

In January 1954 Mr. Gibson became Headmaster of the Mayo College, Ajmer. He introduced an entrance exam and raised the standards of scholarship, and many distinguished people visited the school, from the President, downwards. Describes educational battles, e.g. English as a medium of instruction, constantly questioned by Congress politicians.

Chapter XXXVIII, summarises some of his achievements. Throughout the work he comments, describes and criticizes India, favourably and unfavourably, and continually seeks for excellence in attainment.


Small Collections Box 11

Hyderabad, Deccan 1930-1941

Given by Lady Gidney.

  1. Cine film of the Residency, Hyderabad, Deccan. 16mm. colour, 1941.
  2. Cine film of the gardens of the Residency, Hyderabad, Deccan. 16mm. colour, 1941.
  3. Programme of War Charitites Garden Fete organised by Mrs. Gidney at Cantonment Gardens, 4th, 5th (6th Purdah) and 7th December 1940. (The entertainment and stalls described in detail.)
  4. A message of farewell to Sir Claude and Lady Gidney from the inmates of the Homes of the Aged, Secunderabad, Hyderabad State.
  5. Letter from the Princess of Berar to Sir Claude Gidney of regret that they were leaving, 15 October, 1942.
  6. Photographs: 38 photographs of Residency: Hyderabad, and other buildings.
28 miscellaneous photographs including: evacuation from Kabul Airport, Peshawar War Charities Fete, Secunderabad 1941. Barton Welfare Centre: Secunderabad. Various groups and individuals, including Sir Claude and Lady Gidney on official and unofficial occasions. Books:

Ajanta: the colour and monochrome reproductions of the Ajanta Frescoes based on photography, with an explanatory text by G. Yazdani, M.A. (Director of Archaeology, H.E.H. the Nizam's Dominions),and an introduction by Laurence Binyon. Published under the special authority of His Exalted Highness the Nizam of Hyderabad, by the Oxford University Press, London.

(a) Text Part I 1930.

(b) Text Part II Appendix on descriptions by John Allan. 1933.

(c) Plates Part I 16 colour and 24 monochrome plates of Cave I. (40 plates and 4 introductory sheets).

(d) Plates Part II 18 colour and 31 monochrome plates of Cave II. (49 plates and 4 introductory sheets).


Manohar Singh Gill. Joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1958; Registrar of Cooperative Societies, Punjab 1970-72; Secretary to Governor, Punjab 1972; Secretary, National Cooperative Development Corporation 1972-75 when he became Managing Director; appointed Principal Secretary to Chief Minister, Punjab 1977. Mr Gill was in Cambridge on study leave 1974-75 working on a book which was published as Agriculture cooperatives: a case study of Punjab (New Delhi, Vikas, 1983). The 16 files of papers listed below date from that period and are concerned with the cooperative movement in India in the 1960s and 1970s.

Given by Mr Gill.

File I 1/19 Discussion papers - cooperative movement in Punjab, April 1964 - September 1974. 19 files.

File II 1/5 Memoranda from Registrar, Cooperative Societies, Punjab, Chandigarh 1962-69. 5 files.

File III 1/2 Press Cuttings. Cooperative movement. 2 files.

File IV 1/2 Mr S.S. Grewal papers. 2 files.

File V 1/5 Cooperative Banks. 5 files.

File VI 1/8 Miscellaneous papers on cooperative movement in India, drafts, synopses etc., for M. S. Gill's book.

File VII Miscellaneous reprints, reports etc. 8 items.

Files VIII Miscellaneous papers on cooperative movement. (Used by M. S. Gill while writing his book and IX Agriculture cooperatives.)

File X Cooperative Marketing

    1. Growth of MARKFED in Punjab.
    2. Wheat procurement by cooperatives in India.
    3. A study on MARKFED canneries, Jullundur.
    4. Case study of integrated oil complex at Khanna, Punjab. Dr Rajagopal.
    5. Notes for Registrars' Conference. 1974.
    6. Cooperative marketing in India. Papers.
    7. Marketing and distribution of fertilizers through cooperatives: prospects and retrospects. M.S. Gill.
    8. Role of Panjab State Cooperative Supply and Marketing Federation Ltd., on the programme of cooperative storage.
    9. Distribution of agricultural inputs by cooperatives, M.S. Gill.
    10. Trends in fertilizer marketing by cooperatives. M.M.K. Wali.
    11. Report of the study team on fertilizer marketing by cooperatives in India, 1974.
    12. MARKFED (The Punjab State Cooperative Supply and Marketing Federation) Annual Reports 1969-1973.
    13. Genesis of N.C.D.C.
    14. The Punjab Cooperative Societies (amendment) Ordinance 1969.
File XI Papers on the Punjab and Indian Consumers' Cooperatives Movement
    1. Notes on consumers movement.
    2. Seminar on consumers cooperation. Discussion papers by R.D. Bedi.
    3. Interim report on evaluation of consumer cooperatives. Planning Commission 1965.
    4. Proceedings of the Conference of Additional/Joint Registrars (consumer cooperatives) and Presidents/Chairmen and Chief Executive Officers of State Consumer Cooperative Federations. New Delhi Oct/Nov 1973.
    5. Agenda papers of Conference (see 4).
File XIII Cooperative production. processing and marketing of sugar
    1. National Federation of Cooperative Sugar Factories Ltd., Annual Report 1973-74.
    2. Sugar Industry Enquiry Commission 1974. Chapter V.
    3. Notes on problems of Batala sugar mills.
    4. Report of Sugar Enquiry Commission. October 1965.
    5. Note on problems of establishing new sugar factories during the Fifth Plan.
    6. Presidential address of Shri Roshan Lal Shukla at fifteenth annual meeting of the National Federation of Cooperative Sugar Factories Ltd. Feb 1975.
    7. Papers regarding cooperative sugar factories.
    8. a&b Cooperative sugar. Vol. 6, Nos. 4 and 5. 1974.
    9. Cooperative sugar factories play a vital role in socio-economic upliftment of rural population. Maharashtra State.
    10. Poverty to prosperity. Role of sugar cooperatives in India.
    11. Sugarcane industry of Maharashtra. Y.J. Mohite.
    12. Formulation of fifth five year plan on cooperation.
    13. National Federation of Cooperative Sugar Factories Ltd. Replies to the general questionnaire issued by the Sugar Industry Enquiry Commission.
    14. Paper from fifty-seventh meeting of the Board of Directors, National Federation of Cooperative Sugar Factories Ltd. 1974.
    15. Planning Commission: towards an approach to the fifth plan.
    16. Ashok Sahakari Sakar Karkhana Ltd. Eleventh Annual Report.
    17. Annual Reports of Kumbhi-Kasari Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana Ltd. 1966-67.
    18. Bye-Laws of Shri Dnyaneshwar Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana Ltd, Kunana.
Files XIII and XIV Cooperative credit societies in India Statistics. 1959-72. Files XV and XVI
    1. State Ministers Conference on cooperation 1955-1971.
    2. Ministry of Agriculture (Department of Cooperation) Annual Report 1960-974.
Three photographs taken by Mr. M. Gill, I.A.S. 1976
  1. Grave of a British General (possibly General Sir Robert Sale of Jalalabad) in the village of Mudki, killed in a battle fought on 18 December 1845.
  2. British memorial column commemorating the Battle of Mudki 1845 (Punjab).
  3. Memorial column of Subroen - 10 February 1848.


(C. Gimson, I.C.S.)

Small Collections Box 11

Notes on the war in Manipur, early history and background; the bombing of Imphal; civilian relations with the army; economics, Assam relief measures, etc. 1940-43.

A paper on land settlement in Assam, read by Gimson to the Leicester Literary Philosophical Society, 10 October 1955.

See also STEWART, G.P.


Given by Mr. J. Gladstone

Bihar: 1827-1835.

Xerox copies of letters and correspondence of Mr. John McAdam Gladstone, Indigo Planter, in Pupri and Tirhut, Bihar.

Four files: 1827-35; 1828-29; 1830-31; 1832-35.

Correspondence relating to the letters in File 1 with some notes on them by John Gladstone in 1938, including an index.




(C.L.R. Glasfurd)

Lent by A.L. Glasfurd on indefinite loan

MS diaries: 1860-61, Nagpur; 1861-62, 1862-63, 1868 Upper Godavery District.

TS account by A. L. Glasfurd of the diaries with précis of the contents of each volume. 4 pp. (2 copies)

Takes charge of new district and makes HQ at Seroncha; also political. agent of Bastar and Kalahandi; describes Government attempt to make Godavery nevigable to small craft. Topographical and anthropological detail of the first European to live in the region for any length of time, and revealing an unusual attitude of kindness and interest in the indigenous people.

Genealogical booklet entitled The Glasfurd Family 1550-1972 by Alec Glasfurd. Privately printed 1972.

See also STEPHENS, I.M. for notes on other members of the Glasfurd family.


Given by Brigadier F.R.L. Goadby (Rajputana Rifles) O.B.E. Brigadier F.L.R. Goadby served in the Royal Engineers from 1918 and the Royal Corps of Signals from 1921. In 1926 he joined the Indian Army serving in the 2/3rd Silch Pioneers. During 1933 he transferred to the 1st Battalion, 6th Rajputana Rifles. Later in his career he served in Southern Command, India; Simla; Calcutta; Bihar; and Bombay.

India General: 1924-1978


  1. MS book bound: Scraps from Ceylon illustrating the full dress costumes of its inhabitants, their religious observances and the principal industries (foreign and native) by John Leonard Ralenberg Van Dort. Colombo, Ceylon, 1894.
  2. The book consists of handwritten copperplate text in blue ink on left hand page, and illustrations on the right hand page.

    There are 15 pages of illustrations depicting things seen on the island - people, places, crafts, etc. The small pictures are chalk and paint, and are beautifully executed and very charming. The text is explanatory.

    There is a letter inside the book dated 23 March 1911 from the daughter of J.L.R. van Dort (Grace van Dort), relating to publication.

  3. 1978 Visitors` Book, Colaba House.
  4. Papers found in book given by Brigadier Goadby:
l and 2 Two letters from the Secretary of the United Services Institution for India, Simla about projected trip to Sikkim.
  1. Article: 'A nature-lover's paradise', by Dorothy L. Tanner.
  1. 4pp. scribbled notes.
  2. a-g Various official papers connected with entry, touring, etc. in Sikkim and Tibet.
6. and 7 Maps.
  1. a.& b. Two account books, containing bills etc. 1939-41
  2. Newspaper cutting - profile of Brigadier Goadby, The Oxford Times, 1956.
  3. a.& b. Christmas cards.
  4. 42 letters, from Brigadier Goadby and Mrs. Goadby to his mother from 5 January 1941 to 1 December 1945 and March/April 1949. Poona, Delhi, Bangalore, H.Q. India Command, Sikkhim, S.E.A.C., Rawalpindi, etc. The letters relate to life during the war as far as censorship allowed. 87pp. and envelopes.
  5. Lists of birds seen in various. parts of India 1940-48: Carignano, Delhi, Taxila, Simla Hills, Bangalore, Comilla, E. Bengal, Nilgiris, Krishnarajsagar, Sikkhim, Calcutta:, Dinapore, Panagarh, Fort William, Kutch. 2pp.
  6. Printed extract (pp.69-91) from the "Gazette of India" Extraordinary. Army Dept. 27 February 1924, being a despatch by H.E. General Lord Rawlinson of Trent, C. in C. India on the operations of the Waziristan Force 1 January 1922-22 April 1923.
  7. Another copy (pp.401-418) 18 November 1924.
  8. Special Station Orders by Lt. Col. A.S. Auret, Commanding Razani Line, Razani 1 July 1929. 12pp.
  9. TS page on History of Fort William.
  10. Newspaper photograph of Lord Wavell after the Bihar disturbances; Brigadier Goadby in photograph 13 November 1946.
  11. H.Q. Bombay Sub-Area Location Statement, No.18 1948, by Major Haripal Singh. Appendix A. 6pp. 7 February 1948.
  12. Orders: All Units - Preparation of Court Martial Cases and reference to D.J.A.G. for Pre-trial Advice. 22 April 1948. 2pp.
  13. Handing-over notes by Major General (sic) F.R.L. Goadby, O.B.E., Calcutta, 25 April 1948. 9pp.
  14. Handing-over notes by Brigadier D.S. Brar, O.B.E., H.Q. Bombay SubArea, 3 May 1948. 9pp.
  15. Single sheet of Times of India, Bombay, Tuesday, 23 November 1948 on the devastation of the cyclone of 20/21 November.
  16. Handing-over notes by Brigadier F.R.L. Goadby, Bombay, 30 December 1948. 11pp.
See : Photographs.

Additional papers given by Mrs Goadby.


  1. Notes on Waziriforce 1921/23. 7 ff.
  2. Letter dated 28 June 1981. Notes on Bihar disturbances 1946/7.4 ff.
  3. File of papers dealing with Mr Goadby's army service. Details of decorations, promotions, confidential reports, examination results, 1921-48. 55 ff.
  4. Parade No. 206, Volume 16, 22 July 1944.19 pp.
  5. Signals Association membership card.
  6. 5 field notebooks 1926-47.
  7. Notebook 1918: Notes on gas.
  8. Army Publications:
  9. Instructions on wiring, 1917.
  10. Notes on trench warfare, 1917.
  11. Notes on trench warfare (revised diagrams) 1917.
  12. The division in attack, 1918.
  13. Army orders, January 1932.
  14. Souvenir brochure 3rd Battalion Brigade of Guards bicentenary and reunion 1975.
  15. Diary of visits to India by Mr Goadby in 1975, 1978 and 1984.


Small Collections Box 11

Given by Major John Goddard

Originally in the possession of Captain S.G.M. Hickey A.V.C.

3rd Afghan War, 1919:

Copies of Daily intelligence summaries Nos. 1-5 from Headquarters, 12th Mounted Brigade, Sheikh Mandah, dated 9, 10, 12 and 13 May 1919.

Secret intelligence reports to officers from Baluchistan Force Headquarters, 17 July 1919 - 25 September 1919. Printed. (68 sheets) Nos. 70-97. Issued by Lt. Col. A.E. Scott, General Staff Baluchistan Force. Nos. 98-100. Issued by Captain J. Denys Drew, General Staff Baluchistan Force. Nos. 101-140. Issued by Major J.D.M. Flood, General Staff Baluchistan Force. (Nos. 129, 137 and 138 missing)


Small Collections Box 11

Given by L.J. Goddard

St. Paul's school service book. Darjeeling, 1960. Printed by the Baptist Mission Press, Calcutta.


(Rev. P. Godfrey-Faussett)

Microfilm Box 4 No. 25

Microfilm of two volumes of the daily diaries kept while in the Forest Service Ceylon for the years 1923-37. Only two of the volumes have been microfilmed, namely the first (1923) and the last (1937), as being representative of the fifteen volumes.

There are also four photographic albums, mainly of personal shots, but also showing aspects of life in Ceylon, covering the same period as the diaries. The original diaries and the photographic albums are in the possession of Mr. Godfrey-Faussett.

1923: memoranda contains list of places and dates visited; starts on voyage to Ceylon, at Straits of Messina, description of voyage and first year as forest officer in Ceylon; Jaffna; touring; concerned with people (Europeans) and events; very little about work, Ceylonese, and the country; some shooting. Good picture of social life of the time, and daily work of a young forest officer; written daily; lists of places he visits and dates and books he read during the year.

1937: starts Tuesday 19 January, at end of his time in Ceylon. Irregular entries; brief notes about work, but a great deal of family, polo, and Scout activity; family returns home.

At the end are some accounts.


(R.T.W. Goodman)

Given by Mrs. E.H. Goodman


Screw leather folder of duplicated tables, entitled 'Tabelle Belle perdite de Carico per turbazioni con diversi gradi di scabrezza calcolate con la formula "Bazin-Fantoli"" .

Analysis of 1929 and 1942 gauge and discharge data for Kalabagh and Attock (Discharge Division November 1942) by R.T. Wynne Goodman, Executive Engineer, Discharge Division, Lahore. (B.A. 14/11) 11 April 1942. TS, blue prints, charts etc., bound.


Hydro-electric report, 1937-38. Mandi Hydro-Electric Scheme - development report 1937. (By R.T.W. Goodman). TS, MS, bound. 'The scope of this investigation was to prepare data in connection with the Uhl River Hydro-Electric Scheme, on the assumption that Government would be prepared to consider the possible supply of electricity in the areas covered by the first and second stages of the Scheme as originally designed, and to the above end the report following accompanied by four or five portfolios has been prepared.'


'Some facts about the Mandi Hydro-Electric Project with memorial of Pandit Mul Chand Sharma (Sub-Divisional Officer, Head Works Sub-Division, Khanki) to His Excellency Sir Geoffrey Fitzhervey de Montmorency, K.C.S.I, etc., Governor of the Punjab, Khanki, 7 July 1930.'

'A note on loss by absorption and the coefficient of rugosity "N" (Kutter's) for the Bikaner Canal main line' by R.T. Wynne Goodman I.S.E., Executive Engineer, Discharge Division, Lahore. TS and blue prints.

Drawing reports; MSS by Goodman:

'Design for drawing abutment and wingwalls.' 1927.

'Kaplan turbine unit.' 1928.

'Design of Pelton unit.' 1928.

'R.C. continuous beam.' 1928.

Electrical reports 1928:

'Single phase alternator characteristics.'

'Properties of alternating current.'

'Transformer properties.'

'D.C. series crane motor.'

Concrete laboratory 1928:

'R.C. square arch.'

'Concrete pipe tests.'

Two letters, drawings, notes on concrete.

'Concrete laboratory report.'

'Tests on magnesium oxychloride cements.'

Hydraulic reports 1928:

'Gate valve rests.'

'Kaplan turbine tests.'

TS copy in folder of Chapter 7, and copy of 'Handbook of instructions for discharge observations.'

'Nomograms for hydraulic and other calculations occurring in irrigation work' Prepared for the Punjab Irrigation Department. Printed at Thomason College Press, Roorkee 1927.


'Facts, figures and formulae for irrigation engineers: being a series of notes on miscellaneous subjects connected with irrigation', compiled by Robert Burton Buckley. London, New York, Calcutta, Simla and Bombay, 1908.

Two bound volumes of MSS notes on electrical engineering belonging to R.T. Goodman. 1927-28.


Reinforced concrete simply explained by Oscar Faber. Oxford, U.P. 1930.

Five-figure mathematical tables .... compiled by E. Chappell. London, 1915.

7 glass slides 5" x 3" of weir and dam. ? Provenance.


Portfolio containing charts, maps and plans connected with the above. (very large)

Books presented:

Map of the Punjab, P.W.D. (Buildings and Roads Branch) 1939-40. Scale 1:1,000,000.

Trimmu Gazette, April 1939. Inauguration souvenir. (Emerson barrage.)

Goulding, H.R. 'Old Lahore': reminiscences of a resident .... Lahore, 1924.


Small Collections Box 12

Given by R.A. Gopalaswami, I.C.S. (retd.) by way of K.A. Povah, Esq., M.A.

  1. Memoir by Mr Gopalaswami entitled: 'Administration in India. A brief account of personal experiences during the last twenty years of British rule and the first fifteen years of Independence'. 48 ff. Xerox of typescript.

    Mr Gopalaswami joined the Madras cadre of the Indian Civil Service in 1927 where he rose from Assistant Collector to Joint Secretary of the Provincial Board of Revenue. In 1940 he was transferred to the Centre where he served as Secretary of the National Defence Council (1941), Director-General of Civil Defence (1943), Secretary of the Famine Enquiry Commission (1944), Joint Secretary, Agricultural Department (1945), Secretary, Ministry of Food (1947). A noteworthy chapter in this memoir describes the work of the Foodgrains Policy Committee in turning India into the world's most controlled economy as far as basic food distribution was concerned.

    After Independence Mr Gopalaswami served in a variety of Central posts including Registrar-General and Census Commissioner of India 1949-53 and work in connection with the reorganisation of the machinery of government. As Census Commissioner he became convinced of the primacy of family planning in India and there is an important chapter on this subject in the memoir. In 1953 he returned to Madras where he served in a number of important posts ending his career in 1963 as Chief Secretary to the Government of Tamil Nadu. In the last phase of his career he was particularly satisfied with his work in the organisation of Panchayati Raj in Madras. He continued to hold a number of offices after Independence.

  2. Essay by Mr Gopalaswami entitled: 'Progress of Family Limitation in India'. Printed for restricted distribution in England, June 1986.

    In 1951, Mr Gopalaswami, as Census Commissioner, wrote the first official paper recommending the Government of India to accept and proclaim a national population policy with the object of limiting the rate of growth of population. His recommendations, after much opposition, were at length accepted and the Government of India became the first of any nation-state in the world to proclaim a national policy of family limitation and incorporate it in the national planning system.

    Part I of this essay describes the progress of family limitation in India up to 1986. The author first makes the point that family limitation is aimed at, not family planning. The former sets out to avoid births, the latter to plan births according to the convenience of the mother. Through the evidence of unpublished data sent him over a period of many years by the Tamil Nadu Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, he was able to devise an Index Number of Family Limitation (I.N.F.L.) for the purpose of registering the progress of all the Indian states in promoting family limitation. In a series of tables he is able to show the progress ranking in family limitation of the 14 states of India, Maharashtra showing the greatest progress and Uttar Pradesh the least.

    Part II of the essay is entitled 'How to accelerate future progress?' The education of women and greater prosperity are seen as keys to the question. More children does not mean more workers but more people without work.' He compares the experience of Great Britain in the 1960s and 70s with that of Tamil Nadu, the most advanced Indian state with regard to family limitation. He concludes that surgical methods of contraception (i.e. sterilization) are more effective than clinical ones.

    He suggests that the various political parties in each state should help to promote a common national programme for family limitation by persuading eligible couples to accept the 'small family norm'. In recognition of their help government would give, periodically, a contribution to party funds. 27pp.



(Major D.E. Gordon)

Small Collections Box 12

'The value of the British connection with India.' MS. 8 pp.

'The organization of the Police.' MS. 7 pp.

Two chapters of an account of Bengal: Chapter I 'Bengal geographical.' MS. 5 pp.; Chapter II 'Bengal political.' MS. 2 pp.

Typescript of a talk giving the principal political events of the last threequarters of a century. TS. 31 pp.

Typescript of a speech given at an Indian Police dinner, dealing with the police service up to Independence. TS. 9 pp.

'Criminal investigation in India and the changes brought about by modern scientific procedures.' TS. 22 pp.

'Memoirs of life as a police officer in India from 1907-59.' TS. 140 pp. (pages 28 and 29 missing).


(Captain. Henry Gore Lindsay)

Small Collections Box 12

Given by Mrs. Thomas

Typescript copies of letters from Captain Gore Lindsay, 3rd Battalion Bath Rifle Brigade, to home. (The letters in the whole collection start in Africa and cover the Crimea, and the Indian mutiny. Only the mutiny letters are held in this collection.):

Futehpoor, 10 January 1858.

Allahabad, 2 January 1859.

Camp Nawalgangee, 28 February 1858.

Before Lucknow, 12 March 1858: description of the attack on the city and taking the suburbs.

Lucknow, 15 March 1858: in the city after it was taken.

Camp Lucknow, 26 March 1858.

Winchester, 24 July 1858: to Major General Sir Charles Yorke, Military Secretary, Horse Guards, asking why two other officers were made Brevet Major over his head.


J.E. Goudge, I.C.S. N.W. Provinces and Oudh 1893-1900.

Small Collections Box 12

Given by J.B. Goudge

Final Report on the Assessment of the Almora District and the Hill Pattis of the Naini Tal District by J.E. Goudge. Allahabad, United Provinces Government Press, 1903. 26 ff.


(Charles Aikman Gourlay)

Given by Mrs. J.C. Biggar

Two small albums of photographs taken by Charles Aikman Gourlay I.M.S., in 1903 when with the 43rd Gurkha Rifles in Manipur.

Showing Nagas and Manipuris, buildings and notables (including the Raja of Manipur), local scenery, and the military buildings.


(Thomas Graham) Given by Mr. and Mrs. Forrester

Note on Thomas Graham made by M.M. Stuart. 5 pp.

Cash book of the ship General Goddard (Captain: Thomas Graham) 17 November 1796-11 February 1797.

'Account of merchandise ... being for sundry goods shipped ... on board the General Goddard on account of Captain Graham, 31 March 1796.'

Day book of the Honourable Company Ship General Goddard 22 November 1796-11 July 1797 at Fort St. George.

Account book of the Busbridge, February 1789; voyage to Madras and Bengal.

Xerox copy of letter from William Graham to his son James Graham 'writer to the Honourable East India Company at Calcutta, Bengal' written from Airth House, 15 August 1785.

Ship's correspondence from the Captain, Thomas Graham (General Goddard) 31 March 1796-8 February 1798. Xerox copies.

Xerox copies of letters and accounts in the National Archives of Scotland, following on and connected with the above letters and accounts, sent by Mr. M.M. Stuart.


Small Collections Box 12

Given by Mr. J.L. Grant, on indefinite loan

Government of Bombay, Public Works Department. Completion report of the Lloyd Barrage and Canals Construction Scheme. Sind, 1923-33. Vol. 1 General: History and description of the scheme, administration and construction. Karachi, 1934.


(Mrs. Lucy Elinor Lyall Grant, nee Hardy)

Given by Mrs. B.L. Bayley.

Kashmir: 1901 - 1909

  1. Memoir written by Mrs. Grant on her life in India, in about 1950 but unfinished. TS 12 pp.
    • 1900 October. To Umballa to stay with her brother and sister-in-law. A gay winter. Simla. No big entertainments in January 1901 because of Queen Victoria's death. July to Murree to stays until October 1901 (year's return ticket). Engaged.
    • 1903 September. Her fiance, William Grant, appointed Second Officer with Kashmir Mountain Artillery. She goes out February 1904
    • 1904 Marriage took place 5 April 1904 in Attock. (Last marriage in the church 1867, none afterwards up to 1950). Amusing incident of bolting tonga. Gupkar for honeymoon - by Dal Lake. Very beautiful in April.
    • Husband goes on tour of Gilgit Agency - she remains in Nedou's Hotel as she is expecting a baby, until a companion arrives and they live in a houseboat. Baby arrives early in snowstorm. Midwife's father had been killed at the Relief of Lucknow.
    • Summer leave in Forester's hut, Gulmarg, which was a small place at that time.
    • Voyage home with the baby difficult, no amenities.
    • 1906 April - Sails back to India with second baby, taking a professional travelling ayah for the voyage. Describes journey to Murree with two babies and being ill.
    • Summer in H.H. State but in Gulmarg. Posted to Gilgit in September. Description of the elaborate preparations and supplies necessary for staying there a year. First day - delayed start - dirty rest-houses. Rest of journey along 9ft road with no parapet to precipice. Across Komri Pass to Ruttu and then path narrowed to 6 ft. 15 miles of mountainous walking. Second day - snow (September 21) 26 miles done in two parts.
    • Arrive at Ruttu (10,000 ft.) with the Mountain Battery, in officer's hut for a month, checking stores and arrangements. Move to bungalow in Gilgit 37 miles further on for winter. Over Borzil Pass (13,500 ft.) with battery mules as pack animals, otherwise walking. Arrived in Gilgit. Narrative ends here owing to illness of the writer. She and her husband remained in Gilgit until 1909.


(Mr. J.R. Granville-Bantock)

Given through Mr. J.J. Tawney of Oxford Colonial Records Project


Map of S.W. Ceylon, probably a road map, no date; motor map of Ceylon, Survey Department, 1925, scale 1 inch to 8 miles; thirty sheets of the Ceylon survey, 1900-01 revised 1922, scale 1 inch to 1 mile.


Facsimile of map of Colombo (sic) c. 1640 A.D. made by M.N. Rottveel of an original in the Rijks Archief, 'which shows the civic and military development of the city after nearly a century and a half of Portuguese occupation. It is a valuable accessory to the story of the siege (1655-60) as told by the historians Baldaeus and Ribeyro from the Dutch and the Portuguese angle, respectively ...' Brohier and Paulusz: Land, maps, and surveys - Ceylon Volume 2.1951, 75pp. (The reproduction there has a modern Grid and a legend which have been incorporated in reproducing the facsimile of the original.)

Facsimile of a map issued about 1732, prepared by M.F.N. Rottveel in 1901 from the original MSS in the Hague, of a 'Gound plan of the city and castle of Colombo as it is at present after alteration since the demolition of the old city's fortifications ... a noteworthy feature of this map is the possibility it affords for visualizing the military and the civic planning of the city as it existed two centuries ago ....' Brohier & Paulusz: Land, maps, and surveys - Ceylon Volume 2. pp. 64-65.

Facsimile of a map, undated, but not earlier than 1749. '... A most important work ... a plan and map of the district outside the castle, the outer city and gravets of Colombo, with all rivers, roads, hills, gardens and fields, the shore (of water features) being delineated with the ebb in the dry months February and March, all carefully measured and drawn by Carl David Wentzel Lt. and first sworn Surveyor' Brohier & Paulusz: Land, maps and surveys ? Ceylon. Volume 2. pp. 65-66.


Given by Lt. Colonel D. Gray (Skinner's Horse)

  1. Xerox of TS 'The Story of Our Escape from Delhi in May 1857', from personal narrations by the late George Wagentreiber and Miss Haldane, by Miss Wagentreiber. Delhi Imperial Medical Hall Press, 1894. 21pp.
  2. a. 'Pig sticking' by D. Gray, reprinted from The Horse. n.d. 4pp.

  3. b. 'Pig sticking' by D. Gray. 4pp.
  4. Photographs:

  5. a. lst and 3rd Skinner's Horse Quarterguard in full dress.
    b. Officers' Mess Centrepiece. Skinner's Horse.
  6. February 1980. 'To India with horses again'. Article by Douglas Gray. 6pp.
  7. Xerox TS 'Thirty Years Ago' by D. Gray. 2pp. The end of a Mounted Regiment (Skinner's Horse). n.d.
  8. 'The Indian Army' by Field Marshal Lord Slim. 6pp. Broadcast given. 1947.
  9. Questionnaire on 'Indian soldiers in World War II' compiled by Prof. DeWitt Ellinwood, answers by Lt. Colonel Douglas Gray. 12 August 1980.
  10. Offprint from the Cavalry Journal 'Fathers of the Indian Cavalry': James Skinner, by Col. H.W. Pearse. n.d. pp.287-294
See: Photographs


(Lady Green)

Small Collections Box 12

Programme for the opening of India House, Aldwych, by His Majesty King George V accompanied by Her Majesty Queen Mary, on Tuesday 8 July 1930.

Letter of thanks and gratification to the High Commissioner from Lord Cromer on behalf of the King, 9 July 1930.

Correspondence between the High Commissioner for India, Sir William Rothenstein and the Private Secretary to King George V, Sir Clive Wigram, on arrangements for their Majesties to visit India House privately, on 12 March 1932 to view the mural paintings.

Commemorative descriptive brochure of the new India House.


Diaries of Captain A.D. Greenhill-Gardyne, Gordon Highlanders. 4 reels, microfilm.

December 1895 - July 1896. Accounts of his life in India dealing mainly with his hunting expeditions. He was a keen sportsman. Also descriptions of his duties while on Viceroy's staff at Simla.

December 1909 - October 1911. Further descriptions of hunting expeditions. Some accounts of local architecture etc. Greenhill-Gardyne was also a good amateur artist and the diaries are frequently illustrated with sketches and rough maps. He made a long expedition to Gilgit and further into Mongolia, April to October 1910, finishing up in Moscow in October. From there he traveled home via Warsaw and Paris.


Small Collections Box 12

Given by Mrs D.M. Greening

The Daily Gazette, Monday 22 August 1927, pp. 5 and 6. Article on Flood Relief in Sind; report of a meeting called by W.F. Hudson, I.C.S., Commissioner, in Karachi to consider relief.


(Mrs. I.C. Greenwell)

Small Collections Box 12

Xerox copy of 'A subaltern's life in Madras'. by W.T.D. Illustrated. 1865. Twenty-two pages of line illustrations, being a humorous comment on a subaltern's life.

See also DE WEND PAPERS Microfilm Box 1 No. 9


(Capt. R.W.W. Grimshaw - The Poona Horse)

Small Collections Box 12

Given by Miss K. Grimshaw

India General: 1914-1915

Xerox copy of a diary kept by Capt. R. W. W. Grimshaw of The Poona Horse. 2 August 1914 - 4 June 1915. 76pp.

Capt. Grimshaw was ordered to France with his cavalry regiment while on his return to India from leave. He met his soldiers and the horses at Cairo and travelled with them to the battle front. He expresses admiration for the doggedness of the Indian soldiers and has great sympathy for their suffering. He considers the performance of Indian officers disappointing, however. He speaks of the levelling effect of war on class structures and racial barriers.


(Major General Henry Leslie Grove)

Given by Brigadier G.L. Pollard

Xerox and TS copy of the autobiography of Henry Leslie Grove, Major-General in the Madras Staff Corp. (Retired). 75pp. Xerox, 48 pp. TS.

Born 1829; entered the 80th Foot 1845, and taken for interview with Court of Directors of H.E.I.C.S. in London.

Sailed for India in the Madagascar February 1846; voyage of 96 days; anchored in the Madras Roads, 4 June 1846; describes how letters came to ship from the Master Attendant of the Port by catamaran.

Life as a young gentleman cadet at Palaveram, with visits to friends resident near Madras as Collector; journeys to Point Calymere; Robert Cotton, the Judge and other individuals; passes time in learning to ride and shooting; mentions a Masaldu who became Curator of the Madras Museum.

Tranquebor, attached to 45th Regiment as 4th Ensign; Tangire; Vallane; and Trichinopoly cohere he was drilled as an ensign and coached in language; got command of a company at 17; details about living, training and guard duties; friendships.

Goes on leave to Madura; kindness of cousin who was Chief Secretary to Government in Madras; marches to Tanjore Collectorate; to Negupatam; learns Tamil.

1850. Regiment moves to Secunderabad in the Nizam's Dominions; describes journey; takes leave and goes shooting, very inexperienced; learns Telugu.

1851. His cousin Sir Henry Montgomery tells him of intention to create a new department called the Public Works Department, and advises trying to join; does so and eventually gazetted to be 2nd Assistant Civil Engineer in Godavery District under Colonel A. Cotton, R.E. At Drolaitarran: sent to assist Lt. Haig in building aqueduct across a branch of Godavery; later goes with Cotton on to Coringa Canal; passes examination in Telugu, surveying and civil engineering and becomes lst Assistant Civil Engineer; works for Major Fred Cotton (brother of Colonel A. Cotton); sent with Lt. Haig to explore the Upper Godavery for navigational purposes; sent to take charge of irrigation works at Madapollyam.

1857. Offered post by Lord Harris, Governor of Madras, (through influence of his cousin) as Officiating Assistant Agent to the Governor at Kurnool; describes duties there; sends for his sisters who are orphaned; mutiny begins; sisters and brother arrive in Madras, and wait for two months there as not safe to travel; they arrive; mutiny alarms from time to time - two uprisings 70-90 miles away which were put down; second brother arrives in army and posted through influence to Kurnool; sends brother Robert to Coonoor to a coffee planter; sister marries at Bellary; while here hears from William Robinson, Inspector General of Police, who had been appointed to reorganize the police system of Madras Presidency, asking him to be one of his superintendents; trains at Chittore; posted to Vellore where tries against great opposition to change police system; plot against his proposed changes; returns to England with captaincy after nearly 15 years on sick leave; visits prisons and discusses methods in England and Ireland.

1862. Marries Miss Scott; returns to Madras on Mooltan; sent to Chicacole as acting Principal Assistant Collector and Magistrate; sails to Brinlipatam to miles from Chicacole with wife, carriage and pair etc; arrives Chicacole and takes over; describes English residents; chief is Gordon Forbes who resents a military man being appointed.

1864-65. Senior Assistant Collector and Magistrate of Vizagapatam District; more jealousy at the appointment of a military man.

1865. Ootacamund on leave; becomes Superintendent of recently created army schools, Bangalore HQ; later devises a scheme for the education of the men and children of the native army.

1870. Wife and children return to England; he also returns; finds homes for three children and returns with two; makes HQ at Coonoor; brother Robert also there; wife returns to England with six children; Franco-Prussian war on; accounts of their illnesses; Pollard returns to England on leave.

1878. He returns alone; in 1879 his wife dies; returns home and forfeits pension; account of family; one boy goes to Sandhurst, posted to Devons - goes to Jhansi 1888, and later posted to 8th Bengal Cavalry; second boy joins Bengal Cavalry; not happy; both have accidents and return, home on sick leave; children marry and son dies. Ends.


(J.P. Gunn)

Two large mounted photographs: 1. The snout of the Chong Kumdun Glacier; 2. Two photographs of the Upper Shyok valley - before the flood and after it.


  1. Album of 146 good photographs taken on Gunn's journey in 1929 to the Chong Kumdun dam: views of Himalayan mountains, the Upper Shyok river valley and of the snouts of several large glaciers.


  1. 'Report on the Chong Kumdun Dam and the Shyok flood', by J.P. Gunn, Executive Engineer. The text and the numerous diagrams are printed; there are many photographs. 29 pages of text.

    Note on the cover: 'This paper is a technical one, issued for the information mainly of the Public Works Department, by the Punjab Government. The statements made, and the opinions expressed, are those of the writer, and are not necessarily those of the Punjab Government'.

    This document is undated, but appears to have been written in 1929, when, because of the danger of flooding in the Attock district, the Government of Punjab arranged to carry out surveys in the Attock neighbourhood and to despatch an expedition to investigate the glaciers of the Upper Shyok. Attock lies between Peshawar and Rawalpindi close to the Indus river in the northern part of the Punjab. The Shyok river is a tributary of the Indus, joining it many hundreds of miles upstream from Attock. The Upper Shyok flows to the north and east of Leh in the Himalayas in Kashmir.

    The expedition consisted of Gunn, Mr. Ludlow and two Indians. It left Srinigar on 22 May, reaching Leh on 6 June. After observations requiring a great deal of travelling in the Upper Shyok area, the party returned to Leh on 30 August and reached Srinagar on 14 September.

    This document is useful for water-engineers and possibly to geographers, but has nothing of political or social interest.

  2. 'Background to the Indus water dispute', by J.P. Gunn.

    This document consists of 15 large pages, typewritten with three printed diagrams and one printed map of Punjab canals and works.

    It begins with a description of the development of canals and irrigation in the area commanded by the rivers of the Indus system - the former provinces of the North West Frontier, Punjab, Sind and the neighbouring Indian States. However, with the partition of India the whole of the irrigation in the Punjab was upset, partly by mass migrations but largely by the location of the National Boundary which cut across the canal systems'. (p, 10)

    The paper then continues with an account of projected plans for adjusting and improving the water supply system, and the difficulties that arose from political reasons. The World Bank promised the loan of the necessary funds on condition that a fair allocation of the water was agreed to by both sides. But the Bank found many difficulties, 'the most serious of all ... that the plans put forward by the two sides (India and Pakistan) differ fundamentally in concept'.

    Eventually in 1954 the Bank put forward its own scheme which was accepted by India but not by Pakistan. There is an account of the work done by the two sides; (how far there was cooperation, or not, between the two sides is not clear to a layman; an engineer with a close knowledge of the geography of the area might have a clearer understanding). The World Bank put forward new proposals in the summer of 1957, which were not accepted; in February 1958 further proposals were under consideration when this document was being written. The paper closes with a final comment that the 'success of the World Bank in confining the dispute to the conference table can surely be claimed as one of its major achievements'.

    This paper is not technical and can be understood by a layman, but a close knowledge of the geography of the Punjab and of the river systems is necessary for a clear understanding of its contents.
  3. Miscellaneous letters from Gunn to his mother and occasionally to his father, written from India and Mesopotamia between the years 1918 and 1929.


(Colonel. A. Guthrie, R.E.).

Given by Mrs. B. M. Edwards.

  1. Booklet: 'Opening of Surge Shaft Heading by H.E. the Governor of the Punjab, February 18th, 1931'. Programme and speeches, together with a history of the Mandi Hydro-Electric Scheme. 24pp., photographs.
  2. Booklet: 'Uhl River Hydro-Electric Project'. Opening of main tunnels by the Governor of the Punjab, Sir Geoffrey de Montmorency. Programme and speech by the Chief Engineer. 12 pp.
  3. Xerox copies of 3 letters of congratulation June and July 1921 to Lt A. Guthrie on his work on the Sutlej Hydro-Electric Project. 4 pp.
  4. Xerox copy of curriculum vitae of Colonel A. Guthrie, R.E. 2 pp.
  5. Xerox copy of employment sheet (R.E. Officers) of A. Guthrie. 2 pp.
  6. File: a. TS. 'Copy of provisional specification of Alec Guthrie ... for improvements in or relatingto clamping means for sporting appliances such as skis'. 1 October 1931. 14 pp. 3 drawings. b. TS. 'Scheme for getting tanks across a water obstacle', suggested by Major A. Guthrie, R.E. ... 4 November 1940. 3 pp. drawing. c. TS. Technical instruction No.2 Quarries. 5 pp. and drawing.


Small Collections Box 12

Rajputana 1912 ? 1915

Lieutenant Colonel J.M. Guyon. Joined Bengal Sappers and Miners at Roorkee in 1934; served, amongst other places, in Quetta, Baluchistan and Delhi; returned to U.K. 1938. During Second World War Colonel Guyon was engaged in preparing anti-invasion measures in Ceylon and in assisting with power supplies in Calcutta. Later he served under General Wingate in Burma laying down airstrips for the reoccupation of Burma; returned to U.K. 1944.

A Small collection of 14 invitation cards to major and Mrs Guyon from the Maharajah of Jodhpur and others. Also programmes of sporting events and shipboard menu cards.

Additional papers given by Colonel Guyon.

  1. Typescript memoir by Colonel Guyon Recollections of the Raj' written in 1982. A lively account of life in a prestige corps of Sappers whose duties involved much work on the North-West Frontier. Guyon's professional activities included relief measures after the Bihar and Quetta earthquakes; building a temporary township in Delhi; road construction in tribal territory; and building barracks in Waziristan. The memoir contains descriptions of social life and of leisure activities such as tiger and duck hunting. There is an account of a journey that Guyon undertook in the vacation of 1934 along the old trade route to Tibet. No European had followed this route for some twenty years. 10pp.
  2. Indian newspaper cuttings of around 1906 relating to the social activities of relatives of Colonel Guyon together with an explanatory note. 6ff


(John) Peter Lucas Gwynn. Joined I.C.S. in 1939 and held posts in Madras. He stayed on in the I.A.S. after independence, serving in Madras, and later in Andhra Pradesh, first as Collector and then as Secretary, Education Department. He retired as Second Member, Andhra Pradesh Board of Revenue in 1967.

Microfilm (no. 60) of memoir written June 1974. Loaned for filming by Mr Gwynn. 81pp. This item is restricted until 2008.

Mr Gwynn writes that his memoir contains 'very little of business and mostly of pleasure'. However it includes descriptions of his life, some observations on the administration and accounts of tours of inspection. He was a keen walker and climber and made many journeys in different parts of the subcontinent, most notably in Sikkim. He claimed to be the last British citizen serving in the I.A.S. People he met include Sir Theodore and Lady Tasker, Nawabzada Liaqat Ali Khan, Sir C.P. Ramaswami Ayyar, Sir Chandulal Trivedi (first Governor of Andhra Pradesh), Mme. Sun Yat Sen, President Rajendra Prasad, Mr Tanguturi Prakasam (first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh), Mr S.K. Dey, Pandit Nehru, the Maharajkumar of Sikkim, Sir Penderel Moon and the Raja of Faridkot.

Interleaved in the memoir are various original letters etc. as follows:

  1. Letter, dated 13 May [1940?], from R.J. Habdorf about a dog bite and veterinary certificate.
  2. Telugu bill for supplies while in camp, February 1940.
  3. Notice, dated 23 September 1942: proceedings of the District Magistrate, Salem. Restrictions on sale of grain.
  4. Letter, dated 25 December 1965, from L.N. Rao about Padem area.
  5. Detailed memorandum of procedure, dated [Madras] 23 February 1946: 'His Excellency the Governor - departure and Governor-Designate - arrival'.
  6. Copy of letter, dated 13 February 1946, signed by Lord Pethick-Lawrence, appointing Sir Henry Foley Knight as acting Governor of Madras.
  7. Postcard from C. Rajagopalachari, dated Madras, 31 December 1945, making appointment to see J.P.G.
  8. Letter from Dr W. Quaife, dated Cooner, 17 April 1949, about the identification of various plants.
  9. Letter, begun 29 November 1951 and dated 7 December 1951, from Sir John Hall. Discusses members of the I.C.S. in Malabar in the 1870s and 80s.
  10. Letter, n.d. but probably late 1947, from C.S. Gunning saying goodbye on leaving India.
  11. Page from diary, dated 12 November 1951, describing walk in Papi Hills, Hyderabad State.
  12. (a) Child's drawing? List of battalions.

  13. (b) Note in child's hand wishing happy birthday. 22 June 1974.
  14. Letter, dated 24 April 1953, from C.S. Ramachandran [Public (General-A) Department, Madras] congratulating J.P.G. on action over the enquiry into police shooting at Tadepallegudem on 16 February 1952.
  15. Engagement list, Governor's Summer Residence, Waltair. Covers period 9 June to 1 July 1955.
  16. Conference of Collectors and other Officers, Kurnool. Programme, etc. 19 to 20 February 1954.
  17. (a) Story told to J.P.G. by the Tahsildar, Chandragiri in 1964.

  18. (b) A chapter of accidents October 1965 (Taggart family's journey from India to Ireland, September 1965).
  19. Letter, dated 7 June 1960, from K.B.G. Prasada Rao, Income Tax Officer, Hyderabad, about J.P.G.'s income tax assessments.
Additional papers:

Madras: 1935 - 1974

Items 1, 3, 4, 7, 9, 10, 19-34 are restricted for varying periods. The list may be seen at the Centre of South Asian Studies.


  1. TS story told to P. Gwynn by the Tahsildar, Chandragiri in 1964, about an astrological prediction. 2pp.
  2. TS article Memories of Nagarjuna Konda., published in the Sunday Standard, 12 October 1969, includes brief memoir of A.H. Longhurst, but concerned with a number of visits made to the site. Visits site in 1951 and 1957 and after the site had been covered by the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam. 5pp.
  3. Accompanying article from the Sunday Standard Magazine Section, with photographs.
  4. Talk: The Service in Retrospect, delivered on 21 October 1967 to the Andhra Pradesh Regional Branch of the Indian Institute of Public Administration. 11pp.
  5. Autobiographical background, including memory and opinion of Subas Chandra Bose who visited his father's house in Dublin in 1935, and early contact with India.
  6. The importance of informal teaching and example in ICS and IAS. Anecdotes illustrative of this, as well as ICS attitudes and methods by characteristic incidents involving Norman Marjoribanks, J.F. Hall, Frederick Nicholson, F.J. Chadwick and G.F. Padison who was the first ICS officer to meet a Congressman as a working partner. Forest Panchayats. Lionel Davidson. Difference in volume and variety of work since the end of World War II.
  7. Letter from Michael Mason, Producer, Talks Department, Radio BBC, 14 April 1969 rejecting the script of a talk written 12 March 1969, together with the talk itself which describes the tribal people of Vizagapatam Agency, their administration and way of life. Gwynn's opinion of tribal development in modern India. 13pp.
  8. (a) Envelope containing 17 photographs of Sikkim, views, houses, people, etc.(b) Photograph of the Dalai Lama at tea, Nagarjunakonda, 12 December 1956.(c) View of Darjeeling.(d) Seven small snapshots of the Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama on visit to Nagarjunakonda, December 1956.(e) Photographs from a magazine of a palace monastery, Gangtok; Jawarlal Nehru with the Dewan of Gangtok; the Maharaja of Gangtok, and his palace.
    Three letters written from Sikkim, during a walking and camping tour in the State.

    (1) 18 November - 3 December 1956

    Letter describing walk from Dikchu to Thangu, Gangtok and Lachen. Descriptions of the people of Sikkim and Tibet. Monasteries. Change in administration of the area. Encounters with Tibetans. Meets Tulji Rimpoche from Tibet. Description of walks and the beautiful scenery. 13pp.

    (2) 1-14 November 1957

    Sikkim. Descriptive letter of walking round Sikkim in the mountains and visiting monasteries (Pemionchi, Yoksam, Longri, etc.) camping, effect of altitude on companion; description of scenery and people. 10pp.

    (3) 16-21 November 1957

    Darjeeling. 'Planters' Club and Nagpur. Gangtok and Talimpong: Description of the towns, inhabitants and surroundings.

    BOX V

  1. TS Report on Non-Co-operation Movement, Kistna District 1923

  2. from H.H.F.M. Tyler, Collector of Kistna District to R.S. Graham, Chief Secretary to the Government of Madras.

    General organisation and methods of Non-Co-operation Movement and its position vis a vis Government. Character and psychology of people of Andhra and the followers of Non-Co-operation Movement..Forms of Non-Co-operation Movement in Kistna District. Principles in dealing with the movement and action taken to control it.

    Future policy. 29pp.

  3. Government of Madras. Public Works and Labour Department. (Irrigation) G.O. No. 3249 I. 17 November 1930. Irrigation - Madura - Periyar system - Mr. Hall's report - Orders passed. 128pp.
  4. Note on the Permanent Settlement by Rao Sahib P.K. Gnanasundara Mudaliyar. Madras, Government Press, 1940. 201pp.
  5. Report on tour in the Attapadi Valley by J.P.L. Gwynn, Sub-Collector, Malappuram to the Collector of Malabar, Calicut, 5 February 1944. 16pp.

  6. Communications; economic conditions, and the economic balance of the valley; Grow More Food campaign, Irular welfare; supplies to the valley; cattle raising; welfare work at Valayur; malaria control; well digging programme; education and various schools; effect on Irulars of better communications and opening up the valley; comments on Irulars' characteristics; Syrian Christian ashram at Tadagam; reiteration of necessity of help for Irulars if valley is opened up and recommendations.
  7. Report by J.P.L. Gwynn, Inspecting Officer to H.W. Bouchier, Collector of Malabar, Calicut, on inspection of Laccadive Islands, 1945, covering Agathi, Kavarati, Kalpeni, Suheli, Androth, Minicoy under headings of medical, education, agriculture, routine work, administration; Melacheris, property rights, coir depot.

  8. Koya-Melacheri dispute, supplies, etc.
    Appendix: Rice Imports 1 October 1943 - 30 September 1944.
  9. Letter from H.Q. Southern Command, Bangalore, about measures to be taken in event of Japanese invasion. 2 October 1942.
  10. Letter from K.K. Dass, Ongole, 1 October 1942 to J.P.L. Gwynn about the rioting there. 2pp.


J.T. Gwynn (I.C.S. 1905 - 21). John Tudor Gwynn, I.C.S. Assistant Magistrate and Collector, Madras 1905-1911; Under Secretary, Government of Madras 1911-12; Superintendent Pudukkottai 1913-17; Settlement Offcer, Madras 1917-1919; retired 1922.

Madras: 1905 - 1921

(Some of the letters were copied into notebooks & the originals destroyed. Where this occurs, the number of the letter is listed & will be found in Box III.)


  1. Letters of J.T. Gwynn, I.C.S. 1905 - 1921 (father of J.P.L. Gwynn) to his mother, father, sisters etc.
    1. 16 November 1905. On board ship on voyage out to India, in Straits of Gibraltar (sailed 11 November). Description of conditions of ship during storm. 6pp.
    2. 22 November. Just off Port Said. Describes ICS men on board, comments on new idea of taking University men for Indian Railways. Mentions Brackenbury. 6pp.
    3. n.d. p1 missing - after Suez Canal. Describes coaling. Remarks on physiogamies, and sunsets. 4pp.
    4. Copy. 29 November. Near Aden. Describes some of crew and passengers.
    5. 7 December. Just off Colombo. More about voyage after Aden and individuals, particularly ICS men. 4pp.
    6. 14 December. Doveton House, Nungumbaukum, Madras. Met by servant of Judge Benson (Sir Ralph Benson). Describes procedure for new ICS immediately on landing. 2pp.
    7. 17 December. Madras. Daily programme. More on early days of young ICS - Attitudes, customs and individuals. Calling. Social habits; 'domestic slavery'; comments on politics and attitudes to the subject. meets Sir Philip Hutchin. Mentions birds seen. 8pp.
    8. 24 December. Madras. Comments on way ICS newcomers without friends are treated with regard to accommodation. Goes snipe shooting; aside on how a High Court Judge is treated in public. 4pp.
  1. Letters 1906.
    1. 3 January. Posted to Coimbatore, Collector R.H. Shipley. Cricket.
    2. 10 January. The Club, Coimbatore (Copy). Glad to leave 'caste' society of Madras. Comments on C. of E. clergy, R.C. priests, and French administrators. Gives statistics of district. Describes the Shipleys.
    3. 14 January. In Madras for a cricket match and Coimbatore. Comments freely on the wives of the ICS. Gives an account of daily routine. Expresses feeling of ignorance of all aspects of life and work in India. Hearsay on work in Madras Presidency. More about getting outfit together. 6pp.
    4. n.d. Writes about the Indians he has met. Refuses to write second hand comments. Educated Indians. Indian opportunities in the Civil Service. In bungalow with Forest Officer. Bird watching.
    5. 21 January. The Club, Coimbatore. Personal.
    6. 27 January. In camp, Udamalpet. Describes the scenery. Comments on the Indian acquiescence to English despotism. Sees Hindu ceremony. Will stay in division.
    7. 29 January. Club. Coimbatore. About cricket. Narain Rao plays, also C.T. Studd. Learning Tamil. Comments on attitudes and attributes of ICS as distinct from Police, Forestry etc. Comments on one particular judge, - Powers, and on whole European society. Difference of work in north and south of Presidency, and describes country. 3 pp.
    8. 5 February. Club, Coimbatore. Climate, terrain, objective description of countryside and people. To share bungalow with Forest Officer. Comment on Forestry Dept. 2pp.
    9. 14 February. Club, Coimbatore. Comment on new judge, Oldfield, very harsh. Mentions popularity of Rudyard Kipling. lp.

    10. 17a End February. Club, Coimbatore. Had jaundice. Describes characters in case he tried. More on
      the Collector's wife and other individuals. Necessity of playing bridge.
    11. 27 February. Club, Coimbatore. Proposed irrigation scheme to dam the R. Bhavani - comments on moveability of Europeans, and on missionaries' habits. Gives information on food and drink. 2pp.
    12. 4 March. Coimbatore. Moving into bungalow. Meets Marsh, a coffee planter. Feud between Government and planters over terms of leases. Discovers great dislike of Shipley by Forestry and Planters. Stories of executions in Afghanistan. 3pp.
    13. 19 March. Bungalow, Coimbatore. Describes bungalow and Forest Officer, Scot. Management of servants. Bird watching. More on the Collector's Power and Oldfield. Liquor shops.
    14. 25 March. Description of country at beginning of hot weather. Gardens. Similarity between Madresi and Irish - Servants, characteristics. 2pp.
    15. On tour

    16. 1 April. (Copy - 2pp, with original - 4pp.) Sent rat-catching in Mettupalaiyam to combat plague. Plague regulations: to Calicut to check Treasury. Description of Malabar coast.
    17. April. Madatukulam. Description. Few Europeans. Find a group of R.S.s. Annual audit of village accounts. Attitude towards Kallans. Cites case of land dispute.
    18. East. Sunday, 15 April. Udumalpet. (Copy and original.) Transferred to Pollachi district as head assistant. On tour. Only other Europeans, German Russian Lutheran missionary and wife. Planters. Learning much from Hemingway, the Head Assistant Collector. Other visitors to the bungalow. 3pp.

    19. Encl. copy of a letter from a Station Master to the District Traffic Superintendent, sent as example of humour of English expressions.
    20. Easter Sunday, 15 April. Udumalpet. Copy. Describes in detail the inspection of village.
    21. 30 April. Manupatti. Description of village and countryside
    22. 8 May. Tiruppur. Brief letter of transfers, and new individuals.
    23. 20 May. Pollachi. Copy. Attending district conference. Story of building railway with sappers and coolies.
    24. 27 May. Coimbatore. Description of vaccinating; irrigation and wells; anecdotes descriptive of Indian life. 2pp.
    25. 4 June. Pollachi. Inspection of famine areas, aspects of famine.
    26. 8 June. Tiruppur. More on famine. Village women. 2pp.
    27. 3 July. Madras Club. Taking ICS exams. Madras: beauty and greenness. Strain of famine relief on ICS officials. 2pp.
    28. n.d. Madras Club. Anecdotes descriptive of ICS and Army attitudes. 2pp.
    29. 8 July. Coimbatore. Describes bungalow companion, Scot.
    30. 19 August. Coimbatore. Getting Treasury training and magisterial work. Rains broken. Famine over. Accidents and mishaps. Attitude towards Sessions Judge called Vibart. 2pp.
    31. 26-28 August. Coimbatore. More on hazards of touring - character of an Indian Army major who has been Political Officer in Muscat. More on Vibart. Encloses invitation card. 3pp.

    32. 36a n.d. n.p. H.Q. St. Thomas' Mount, unpleasant place. On Survey training.
    33. 2-3 September. Coimbatore. Describes amusements; spurious cases. 2pp.
    34. n.d. n.p. Been to Metturpalayam (rat catching again). Learning language of village people. More about his legal cases. 2pp.
    35. 12 September. Coimbatore. Been to Bangalore playing cricket. Description of Bangalore. Plague centre. Jackal hunt.
    36. 17 September. Coimbatore. Preparation for Governor's visit, (Sir Arthur Lawley). Descriptive vignettes of Bangalore life.
    37. 26 September. Coimbatore. Copy. Governor's visit over, description of programme, and sidelights on European life. Story of the Forest Officer's kittens. 4pp.
    38. 30 September. Malabar Club, Calicut. Difference between East and West coast people.
    39. 9 October. Coimbatore. Treasury work. Very revealing attitudes towards Indians and Eurasians, and sidelights on their position vis-a-vis the police, etc.
    40. 17 October. Cruelty to animals in India. Gossip about Winston Churchill and Sir Henry Cotton.
    41. 17 October. Coimbatore. Collector prosecuting the Tahsildar of Palladam. Exposition of case. 2pp.

    42. 45a Encloses letter from a munshi.
    43. 20 October. Coimbatore. Disappearance, of native dyes. Mentions Hannyngton going to Punjab. Insects. Mentions Cecil Dobbs (qv) not getting into ICS. 2pp.
    44. 11 November. Coimbatore. Bribery and corruption, and missionaries. Wiles of petitioners.
    45. 17 December. Coimbatore. Results of drought and monsoon on roads. The Hemingways.
  1. Letters 1907.
    1. 7 February. Coimbatore. Going to Pollachi.
    2. 19 February. Coimbatore. Hot weather beginning - healthier. Changing to better bungalow. New chaplain.
    3. 25 February. Coimbatore. Criticism of missionary schools. First mention of Swadeshi. Zemindars, ryots, peasant debt. Example of village problems - wells; life insurance societies. 3pp.
    4. 22 March. Avanashi. The interest of learning district work. Difference between attitude of Muslim and Hindu to authority. New I.M.S. tries to stop polluted stream being used. Bad feeling at method. Incidents of Bengali Sessions Judge, Dutt. Comment on Indian Bar. 2pp.
    5. 4 April. Turuppur. Mother's death. Gives his movements briefly.

    6. 6 April. item 47:212.
    7. 15 May. Gingee, Tindivanam. Describes very big new division in detail. Very few Europeans. Camping in old rock fortress. Money lenders etc, deal in grain. Smuggling and extortion. Numbers of appeals. Collector: Elwin.
    8. 16 June - 47:214

      18 June - 47:215

      22 June - 47:216

      7 July - 47:217

      15 July - 47:218

      5 August - 47:219

    9. 25 August. Tindivanam. (Copy) Describes train journey with two Indians and their conversation on family matters: Indicative of Indian and European attitudes. 2pp.
    10. 1 September. Tindivanam. (Copy) District meeting in Cuddalore. Unfriendly atmosphere. Characters of Elwin and Moberley, Sessions Judge. Christians as witnesses. Land problems.
    11. 15 September - 47:221

    12. 29 September - 47:222
    13. 8 October. Gingee. Sir George Arbuthnott, President of the Madras Club, etc. imprisoned for cheating.

    14. 12 October - 47:224
    15. 25 October. Kandamangalam. Crosses river in flood with help and difficulty. Prevalence of smallpox near Pondicherry. Posted to Trichinopoly as Assistant Collector; Collector - Butterworth.

    16. 3 November - 47:226
    17. 20 November. Has been in Tiruvannamalai for Festival. Plague and cholera precautions. Describes the procession of raths, and intrigues connected with it. 3pp.
21 November - 47:227

1 December - 47:229

10 December - 47:230

  1. Letters 1908
    1. 8-10 February. Trichinopoly and Tinnevelly. Going to Tinnevelly as Assistant Settlement Officer. Describes area round Trichinopoly. Describes Butterworth, the Collector. Meets Tuticorin, D.O. and. Collector of Tinnevelly - Wynch. .Thumbnail sketch of each impressive house - Club. Meets Assistant Superintendent of Police and Harley. Gossip about all of them, and his predecessor. 2pp.
    2. 23 February. Bangalore. SMPR camp. Describes individuals on camp, especially Sessions Judge Pinhey (q.v.). Camp activities. Describes Chadwick, Collector. Trichinopoly Scheme for advisors councils to the Provincial Governments: reaction from Collectors. Discussion of Membership of advisory councils (Maravars) and Shanars.
    3. 10 March. Ambasamudram. Gives account of Europeans in Tinnevelly. Missionaries; converts. Jackson gone to Secretariat - stories of him. Celebration for release of B.C. Pal.
    4. 5 April. Kuttalam-Tenkasi. Part of a letter, pp.3-15 See notebook, Book 2 (48:251) p.148 copy of full letter. Has to revise Tinnevelly District Manual. Brief description of Brahmins, Vellalas, Maravars and Shanars. Account of attempt of caste elevation by Shanars in 1899 and subsequent riots and case of right to enter Maravar temples. Chadwick's unsuccessful attempt to deal with dacoity in area. Wynch and protection of money from soldiers in Pondicherry. 4pp.
    5. 23 April. A good district, having had good officers. Biographical sketch of Collector, Jackson who is great man. Leader in The Hindu on his departure. Other incidents in district life.
    6. 15 May. Nanguneri. On the Madras coolie - compares Hindu and Chinese and Ireland. Nationalism and the Indian press. Sedition trials at Tuticorin. 3pp.
    7. 29 May, Shermadevi (sic) Sermadevi and Palamcottah, 31 May. Palamcottah for Saturday District Board Meeting. Tampering with witnesses in riot cases. Syro-Christians and R.C.s. Jesuits and land purchase. Other missionaries. Opinions of Sir Ralph (Benson). 2pp.
    8. 21 June. Kudaukulam, Nanguneri taluk. Wasteland of the Teri and coastline to Cape Cormorin. Surprised at strength of R.C. church. People very litigious. Encroachments by R.C. church. 2pp.
    9. 27 July. Adarchani. Daily routine of inspection. B.G. Tilak: character and sentence. Other sedition cases. 2pp.
    10. 2 August. Palamcottah. Work very heavy. Gives long character sketch of Revenue Under Secretary Cardew, who is trusted by Indians, and gives excellent training to subordinates. Training described. Detailed exposition of legal work and case work. 5pp.
    11. 11 August. Srivaikuntam. Brief resume of events, and people met.
    12. 23 August. Palamcottah. Hemingway acting Collector of Madras. Other news of ICS officers - Chadwick, Moloney; measures against sedition cases in Madras increasing. Meets for first time rich middle class Indians with nationalist views but disliking extremism. 2pp.
    13. 27 September. Kuttalam. Tenkasi. Describes disposing of c. 1000 petitions a week. Gives examples of judgments - beginning to understand settlement work. 2pp.
    14. 11 October. Pambuli. Taken a few days off to finish other inspection. Gets thrown from new horse while inspecting temple encroachment. 2pp.
    15. 27 October. Palamcottah. Thinks of joining Masons as a means of meeting high class Indians. Been meeting prosperous peasant proprietors. Attitude towards European so-called necessities, educated Indians and representative institutions.
    16. 3 November Tippanampotti (sic). Part of a letter. T.V. Krishna Iyer dismissed. Arrangements for a CMS service by Chadwick, Carr and Wynch. Describes Godsen's part in subduing Coimbatore Jail Riot - B.C. Pal's correspondence with Cotton.
    17. 11 November. Tippanampattari. Coimbatore Jail riot. Sentences on Pillai and Siva.
    18. 30 December. Doveton House, Nungumbankum, Madras. General gossip about people in India. Hopes to go on leave in July 1909.
  1. Letters 1909.
    1. 11 January. Alwar Kurichy, Ambasamudram. Rough Patta work ending back in settlement. Number of petitions heard - average 300 per village.
    2. 19-21 January. Mel Chevval, Ambasamudram. Gives example of faction in rich Brahmin village in R.P. work. Attitudes to Morley reforms.
    3. 26 January. Palamcottah. Inveighs against missionaries' Sabbatarianism.
    4. 5 February. Shermadivi (sic) Sermadevi. Very hard work of R.P. work to come in Srivaikuntam in September. 250 petitions a day his record.
    5. 7 March. Palamcottah. R.P. camps over until return from leave. . Srivaikuntam and Nanguneri taluks to come. No Bangalore camp. Opinion of retired N.C.O.'s in India. Discusses implementation of new legislative councils, the reforms, and Indian potential for filling posts. Davidson, new Collector. Koilpatti for agricultural show: meeting Castle Stuart Stuart member of the BR and head of Settlement etc. 3pp.
    6. 12 March. Palamcottah. On holiday. Awaiting result of inquiry into Guntur riot and D.P. Kershopht, a Parsee. Attitude towards Indian ICS. Gossip about one of 'fishing fleet'. 3pp.
    7. 29 March. Ambasamudrum. Personal. Inveighs against Brahmins.
    8. 10 April. Palamcottah. Incident of a candidate being refused for ICS. Preparing for leave. 2pp.
    9. 16 April. Alantha, Ottapudaram. Account of Sir Ralph Benson's influence in Indian appointments. Indians and higher administrative appointments. Chidambaram Pillai's appeal - Pinhey's message from Morley about his judgment on Pillai's case. Tuticorin vakil boycotted for being anti-sedition. 2pp.
    10. 24 April. Palamcottah. Leave from 23 June. Has been at H.Q., only seven hours office work a day. More opinion on Morley's reforms. Cases and convictions - Srinivasir Rao's appointment.
    11. 2 May. Maramangalam, Srivaikuntam. Inspection irrigation at mouth of R. Tambraparni. Describes the surrounding country. News about misconduct of Deputy Collector Suntaram Shastry.
    12. 9 May. Palamcottah. Taking charge from Chadwick on leave. Extraordinary four day storm. Myer's position with regard to jobs in Madras. Penalty for Kershapht.
    13. 16 May. Sengalpodai, Ottapudaram. Account of bad journey to see some Sub-Revenue Inspectors in which servants, food, clothes, etc. take wrong way. Has to return to SRI's and eat Indian food. Comment on this - four days before finds things again. 4pp.
    14. 29 May. Srivaikuntam. Comments on Horne's report of Gunter riots.
    15. 13 June. Trichendur. Describes town. Just about to go on leave.
    16. 3 September. S.S. Staffordshire. Return voyage to India.
    17. 27 September. Tinnevelly Bridge. Living very comfortably before going on Inspection and RP work.
    18. 4 October. Iruvappapuram. Inspecting irrigation extensions. Describes complex police case in Srivaikuntam. Stories of the Shanar Moravar riots of 1899. Strain of ICS life. Account of interview between influential rich Hindu in district and Chadwick indicative of type of work required of ICS officer, involving individual and communal disputes. 5pp.
    19. 17 October. Kaliyavur. On first RP camp - Trials through servants, and monsoon. Wynch and Chadwick as Collectors. Been put up for Acting District Magistrate, Coorg - Notes on Coorg. 2pp.
    20. 9 November. Valanadu. Just finished 400th petition. More to come. Very tired.
    21. Part of letter n.p. n.d. which describes two of his office staff. Palamcottah Technical School changed over to being a fitters shop run on commercial lines. No good before. Means increase in knowledge of engines for a number of Indians.
    22. 4 December. Palamcottah. Opinion of tea-planters in Ceylon. Working with the Collector Davidson - very able. Opinion of ryots. Mentions Decentralization Commission's report, and preparation of the voters' lists for Morley scheme - Character sketches of two Brahmins indicative of diverse Indian characteristics. 3pp.
    23. In train, Manyachi. Back at R.P. work. Comment on contrasts of work and. pay between Indians and English. Nature and reasons for number of petitions in R.P.
    24. 24 December. Mudittanandel. Produced 957 petitions. Case of bribery. Comment on first elections under Morley scheme.
  1. Letters 1910
    1. 15 January. Pondicherry. Personal. Not going to Coorg. Glad to stay with Davidson and Chadwick. Sketch of Davidson's character and attitude towards administration.
    2. 24 January. Madura. In volunteer training camp - issued with long rifles. 2pp.
    3. 27 February. Nazareth. R.P. work coming to an end. Nazareth big Christian centre, rich and wicked. Forest Department. trying to redeem the Teri. Comments favourably on Curzon 's administration compared with reforms of Morley and Minto. Comment on Minto, Curzon and the police.
    4. 14 March. Palamcottah. Enteric; snipe shooting; example of false evidence in murder case. 2pp.
    5. 10 April. Tinnevelly. On leave in Travancore jungle shooting with tea-planter, Knight. Meets Hemingway. Descriptions of Knight and uncle. Account of unscrupulous measures taken during coffee slump, and rebuilding fortune. Detailed description of character and personal life of Knight. Arrangements for Eurasian children in R.C. missions, - attitude of R.C. missionaries. Character of acting Collector Ashe, contrast of careless and careful Collector and consequence. 7pp.
    6. 30 May. Nanguneri. Replies to brother's various remarks on (1) Ghose and press censorship. Example of Tilak's influence on Mahratta national consciousness in villages. (2) Indian Government and the Clubs - Attitude to Indian IMS. Social grievances felt by educated Hindus - Ideas (of equality) spreading, European still preferred for position of authority. Industrialization: education: comparison of Irish and Indian. Character of Tilak: opinion of Chedamkaram Pillai and Hyder Naik. Poverty. Difference in attitude towards concept of justice between Indian and European. Government fear of unpopularity; desire for revenue. 6pp.
    7. 7 June. Valliyur. Monsoon broken. Nanguneri near famine.
    8. 10 June. Palavur. Ten miles from Cape Cormorin. Attitudes of Tamils to situations. Incident in. Syro Christian church. Levinge - subcollector from 1840 - and his influence in area. Account of temple feuds. 3pp.
    9. 11 June. Kudangulam. Very brief description of tree-climbing caste (Nadirs).
    10. 16 June. Radhapuram. Near famine in Nanguneri after five year drought. Disaster prevented by workers going to Ceylon on tea plantations. Meets example of failed coffee planter who has to ' work on inspecting salt and abkari. Hailey's comet gone, people calm about it. Examples of villagers' argument against rents.
    11. 16 June. Nanguneri. Describes Chadwick's character in detail. Contrasts poor Burmese Administration with Indian, particularly in relationship between Secretatiat and District. Gives example of liberality of Indian administration. Discusses retirement of Bradley and Atkinson, two senior men in Madras Service, because of Morley's criticism of them.
    12. 8 July., Tulupparpatty. Davidson going. Ashe succeeds. New Sessions judge. Opinion of people in Taluk of Srivaikuntam.
    13. 24 July. Palamcottah. Failure of S.W. monsoon. Hopes for new ICS recruit from T.C.D. Remarks on three Indians invited to farewell dinner at club. Has read good article by B.C. Pal.
    14. 6 September. Idayangudy. Near the sea: Hindu diet - coffee drinking started ten years before. Village problems and cases. Difficulty over last report with Madras Government because of Bradley's retirement. Remarks on ICS training.
    15. 9 September. Idayangudy. Detailed description of terrain.
    16. 12 September. Pulimankulam. Met by village Munsif - account of family. Rich village. Sees beef-steak bird and huge butterflies.
    17. 19 September. Palamcottah. Sends photographs of settlement group and descriptions of J.R. Krishnamani, an Indian Christian also Tampoe who went to Clare College, Cambridge. Other remarks on personalities. Encloses letter. 3pp.
    18. 26 September. Palamcottah. Starting for R.P. campaign. Personal
    19. 2 October. Nanguneri. Encounter with an American Lutheran missionary. 5pp.
    20. 5 October. Nanguneri. Account of the lease of South Indian Railway, and case of cancellation of technical training scheme in conjunction with private company under Chatterton- Appointment of Clark. 3pp.
    21. 18 October. Danapparkulam. Account of the R.C. mission at Vadakkankulam and Fr. Caussanel, S.J. who was deposed from Tunnevelly mission for buying land with bad titles, and later expelling Syro-Christians from Kuttankuli where he had been sent. Other factions concerned with an Iyengar Brahmin Mut.
    22. 29 October. Kuttankuli. Anxiety over monsoon. No need for relief work with Ceylon and Travancore wanting labour. Comment on Kershosk's retirement. 2pp.
    23. 11 November. Palamcottah. Describes character of A. Castle Stuart Stuart, CSI, very popular with Indians.
    24. 9 December. Idayankudi. Nearly finished Nanguneri R.P.
  1. Letters 1911
    1. 10 January. Palamcottah. Nothing of interest. lp.
    2. 30 January. Mulaikaraipatti. Comments on new assistant (Matheson). lp.
128a 6 February. Nanguneri. About books. Further comment on Matheson 'product of the new democracy'; type of new recruits for ICS (2pp missing). Comment on mixture in ICS life. (7pp, 1-3, 6, 7.) 128b Encl. letter from F.H.L. Hemingway in Mangalore 31 January 1911. Comments on Matheson

as type of new recruit, and attitude to Indians; Indian recruitment to service. 6pp.

    1. 15 February. Madras Club. In Madras - work because of Legislative Council. Going to Ooty. Mentions by name Davidson, Butterworth, Hill.
    2. 1 March. Madras Club. Remarks on Executive Council, and V. Krishnaswamy (member). Problem of calling on him. Story of starting Swadeshi industries. Secretariat work. Comment on seniors, Butterworth, Atkinson, Meyer.
    3. 28 March. Gives outline of his secretariat work. Sir Harold Stuart: myth surrounding Sir Gabriel Stokes.
    4. 8 May. (Ootacamund). Secretariat work - dislikes the work - inhuman. Opium problem. Analyses the personnel in Government from political standpoint. Opinion of PWD and other departments, and head of educational department.
    5. 8 May. (Ootacamund). Comments on pamphlets on opium, and the opium trade and effects of its suppression, and the ten year agreement with China. Rumour of orders against spending money on famine relief. Asks about Co-operative credit banks. 4pp.
    6. 4 June. Ootacamund. Description of Ooty's flora and scenery. 2pp.
    7. 2 July. Ootacamund. Secretariat life easier than District life. Comment on quality of Indian ICS's and Indian Members of Council. Mentions murder of Ashe. 2pp.
    8. 16 July. Ootacamund. Description of two unusual hunts. Comment on addition to staff C.W.E. Cotton: J.J. Cotton, son of Sir Henry Cotton: sidelights on club life and customs. 2pp.
    9. 25 July. Ootacamund. Man-eating tiger shot. Sidelights on Ooty society.
    10. 1 August. Ootacamund. King's visit and durbar. Sidelights on social attitudes. Ooty flora: new Governor - character of present governor. 2pp.
    11. 16 August. Ootacamund. Comments on Ooty society and individuals especially Cotton, Knapp and Krishnaswamy. 2pp.
    12. 22 August. Ootacamund. Some amusing anecdotes. Personal.
    13. 29 August. Ootacamund. Account of Cases: bad faith over an irrigation project in a small state: boundary dispute: water dispute - examples of potential wars suppressed by Pax Britannica. Sees in Secretariat impossibility of. reconciling Indians and English Largely because of Army attitude. 3pp.
    14. 5 September. Ootacamund. Further remarks on English strikes and English politics. Prophecies 30 years more British rule in India. Labour movement product of education. Germans ready to fight England. Realises the deep class divisions in England from meeting soldiers in Ootacamund, and observations of public school products. Influence of religion in Anglo-India. Question of why we hold India. 3pp.
    15. 12 September. Ootacamund. Dislikes Under Secretary's work.
    16. 21 November. Madras Club. Comment on new Governor, Sir Thomas Gibson Carmichael; administration during the Durbar.
    17. 13 December. Tinnevelly pearl fisheries - sidelights on attitudes, interests and method of work.
  1. Letters 1912.
    1. 28 January. Madras Club. Carmichael going to Bengal; highly thought of by some. The son of a Muslim Collector going to Trinity College, Dublin, asks his family to look after him.
    2. 7 February. Madras. Low opinion of Legislative Councils.
    3. 12 February. Madras. Enormous amount of work - jibs at standard of inefficiency in the P.W.D.
    4. 18 February. Madras. Again complains of work load and P.W.D. Lists the wide range of interests and occupations of administrators he meets.
    5. 4 March. Madras Club. Visited by a Forest Officer Scot in an Indianized district. lncident of a village killing five Forest subordinates. Comments on British strikes. Low opinion of new headmaster of native college. Missionary societies, education and Hindu militancy. Current Religious Education Conference Madras and Bombay. Educational Service agnostic.
    6. 17 March. Madras Club. Religious Education Conference seeking an all-embracing religion, also discussing demand for education without Christian instruction.
    7. 27 March. Madras. Cardew to be replaced by Wynch. Comments on quality of personnel and quantity of the work, and Claims and P.W.D.
    8. 3 April. Madras Club. Mentions Mohammedan boy (No. 42-146) will arrive at end of May in TCD.
    9. 8 April. Madras. Consideration of staff movement and vacancies in Revenue Department, and his leave. Attitude towards Government Secretariat. Unable to meet Indians; detrimental effect of volume of work; negative attitude of Legislative Councils. Characters of Cardew, Hammick, Harold Stuart, Davidson, Horne, Gillman, Davis. Centralisation and decentralisation - opinion of administration poor, reasons. Opinion of Indian labour. Questions standard of school inspection.
    10. 16 April. Ootacamund Club. Describes physical impact of Ooty, and Seven Pagodas.
    11. 23 April. Ootacamund Club. Ooty social life. Contrast between working for Cardew and Wynch.
    12. 25 May. (Ootacamund). Legislative Council's resolution for decrease in taxation. Comment on Wynch and J. Atkinson and necessity for decentralization. Government of India and Madras' problems. Mentions the word 'native' may no longer be used. Comment on power of Indian members to change customs e.g. Temple Service prostitution. Power in Native States.
    13. 2 June. (Ootacamund). Perils from crows on the Ooty golf course. Amusing anecdote of bull terrier. Incomplete.
    14. 9 June. Ootacamund Club. Hoping to go on leave. Amusing anecdotes. 2pp.
    15. 18 June. Ootacamund Club. Monsoon, Knighthoods in Madras.
    16. 30 June. Ootacamund Club. Sir Edmund Barrow might have been Kitchener's successor. Reason for different choice of Moore O'Creagh. Opinions expressed by Sir Harold Stuart and Sir Edmund Barrow on Lord and Lady Minto, Lord and Lady Hardinge, Privy Council's overruling High Court Calcutta. Account of mixed hunting in the Ooty country. Compares clerk's life in India and England, and methods of working. 4pp.
(Goes on leave in England).
  1. Letters 1913.
    1. 10 February. S.S. Salsette. Returning to India. Sees silver bars being trans-shipped at Aden by night. Probably for Mint in Bombay. Madras Civil Service Commission witnesses. Amicable proceedings except for editor of the Hindu. Character of Gokhale, leading Commission.
    2. 11 February. S.S. Salsette. Describes other passengers, especially American and German. Opinion of Civil Service recruitment, Provincial Civil Service, and possibilities of rising in rank in the Service. Attitude towards higher appointments and possibility of Indians getting them. 3pp.
    3. 19 February. c/o D.T. Chadwick, Madras. Civil Service Commission inflaming hatred between Indian and European - Assistance given by Indian members of Commission, except for Gokhale. European attitudes towards Indian members especially Ramsay Macdonald, Islington and Mr. Corbet. Describes the latter's lack of qualifications for post of Advocate of High Court, Madras, and incidents of his arrival, exemplifying social modes of the time. Going to Pudu Kottai as D.C.
    4. 23 February Pudu Kottai. Raja celebrating silver jubilee.
    5. 27 February. Madras (copy). Describes Raja's jubilee - 30 or 40 European guests. Describes his army; (mentions boomerangs indigenous to area), durbars; processions. Comment on Raja's manners and personality. 3pp.
    6. 11 March. Pudu Kottai. Describes district; lists organizations, buildings, etc., he is responsible for. State 30 years behind. British India. Attitude to Indians of two Europeans living in town.
    7. 27 April. Pudu Kottai Diatribe against Brahmins, a few good. Praise for British administration. Attitude to Indian philosophy.
    8. 3 May. Trichinopoly. Hot weather, going on tour. Has been checking PWD stores. Comment on quality of subordinate staff. Social occasions. Attitudes to Indians. News of marriage reaches India via newspapers.
    9. 11 May. Camp Kiranur. Story of the delivery of a fire engine and rice-husking machine.
    10. 18 May. Camp Viralimakai. In office most of time. Mixed blessing of motorcar. Dreary country. People less self-assertive. More about hot tempered Engineer.
    11. 14 June. Pudu Kottai. Very hot just before monsoon. Describes trees and creepers in compound. Railway strike in Madras.
    12. 29 June. Pudu Kkottai. Example of a case of wrongful accusation Good opinion of Engineer Gill's work, compares it with Indian's work.
    13. 30 June. Korombapudu. Discovers trees planted by Major Blackburne, Resident 1830-48. Ruin of his indigo factory - example of wasted land.
    14. 7 July. Chinnayachattram. Mainly personal about his wife's (Joan) impending arrival. Comment on the ethics of the State.
    15. 13 July. Pudukkottai. Mainly personal. Going to a SPMR camp at Coimbatore. Example of the Raja's extravagence.
    16. 29 July. Pudukkottai. Personal. Mentions his garden.
    17. 31 August. Pudukkottai. Comments on work accomplished by his garden staff, and on the water system of the State.
    18. 21 September. Pudukkottai. Failure of S.W. monsoon. Incompetence of all Departments in the State.
    19. 5 October Pudukkottai. Gardening. Amusing anecdotes. Wife (Joan) on way out. (Attached Tamil receipt). 2pp.
    20. 19 October. Pudukkottai. Account of Head of College selling his own books to the school. Public opinion shocked.
    21. 11 November. Pudukkottai. Wife has arrived.
    22. 18 November. Pudukkottai. Mentions that wife is transforming house. Have been busy with Raja's visit to Viceroy in Madras.
    23. 26 November. c/o D.T. Chadwick, Madras. Describes wife's visit to Raja's sister Princess Jonahy at Trichinopoly; most amusing; dinner with Raja. Raja's visit to Viceroy at Madras. Describes accommodation hired in Madras. New Forest Officer Latham arrives at Trichinopoly.
  1. Letters 1914.
    1. 14 January. (Pudukkottai). Been in Madras for dentist. Comment on his position in Raja's court, and Raja's nephew. 3pp.
    2. 20 January. Pudukkottai. Describes difficult journey to Madras. Joan settling in to Indian society and life. New English-Indian Ladies Club opened in Madras. New Collector and P.A. arrived, Vibert, also Assistant Collector. 3pp.
    3. 2 February. Pudukkottai. Mentions Irish politics in relation to Sir Gabriel Stokes. Attitudes to European and Indian subordinates and political consciousness.
    4. 2 March. Pudukkottai. Been to opening of new railway route to Ceylon via Adam's bridge. Meets Hemingway again.
    5. 22 May. Pudukkottai - from Joan Gwynn. Viberts and Gawnes staying, Collector and Assistant Collector. Describes social life. 4pp.
    6. 10 May. Camp Ponnomarovaty. Comment on Hindu administration. Describes complicated method of collecting taxes used in State. Ponnomarovaty village of usurers retired from Penang, Rangoon, Singapore. Further complications of land tenure. Case of heir presumptive being tricked.
    7. 25 May. Ootacamund. Good Brahmin Engineer building new Pudukkottai Palace. Heir presumptive taking case to court. Lists variety of problems.
    8. 7 June. Pudukkottai. Lists people being entertained including first woman doctor in Madras.
    9. 5 September.. Colombo, Galle Face Hotel. Have met relations en route to England from Australia - India's attitude to the war.
    10. 5 September. Colombo, Galle Face Hotel. Commentary on war.
    11. From Joan Gwynn. 16 September. Pudukkottai. Account of collecting subscriptions from Pudukkottai ladies. Garden. Housekeeping.
    12. 24 September. Pudukkottai. The Emden has shelled Madras and sailed down coast - War comment.
    13. From Joan Gwynn. 18 November. Pudukkottai. Gardening and mentions Maharaja's brother's wedding. 2pp.
    14. 21 November. Pudukkottai. Comments on his attitude to Indian ceremonial and to appointment of an Indian judge. Comment on the war. Encloses prospective judge's letter.
    15. From Joan Gwynn. 24 November. Pudukkottai. Describes in detail Raja's Garden Party to 100 State officials, also a very large War meeting where she was only woman among 10,000. Dines at Palace. 6pp.
  1. Letters 1915
    1. From Joan Gwynn. 16 March. Camp Jembal. Aspects of camp organisation in desolate country in hot weather. From J.T. Gwynn on reverse. Special kind of chetties in village marrying only within village: building huge stone temple. Describes country. 3pp.
    2. From Joan Gwynn. 24 March. Pudukkottai. Describes in detail staying at temple in Avudyakoil as guests of Abbot, and their tremendous reception. 6pp. Encloses small drawing of large horns. (musical instruments).
    3. 2 April Pudukkottai Aspect of the war from India. State's finances - second hot weather for his wife. Hopes of leave.
    4. n.d. Pudukkottai. Comments on Indians entertained, men and women. Going into camp. Horses taught to come for dessert. Sidelights on dealing with servants. 2pp.
    5. 29 June. Camp Puntope. Mentions war, strikes, etc. in England and Ireland. Questions of village education. 2pp.
    6. From Joan Gwynn. 13 July. Camp Ponnamarabaty. Domestic details of camp and servants. 2pp.
    7. 11 July. Camp Ponnamarabaty. Encloses letter from an Indian lawyer from Tinnevelly about the floods in Tambarapurini River. War comment.
Letter from S.K. Sudha, Srivaikuntam. Detailed description of origin and progress of the floods, and rescue operations, which includes description of ferrying pots of provisions across the river (like toddy drawers).

Plans to resettle village of Magilvannapuram (Muslim) and rebuild it as an ideal village on S. slope of Sri Moolakarai hillock. Details of plans. 7pp.

  1. Letters 1918/1920.
    1. 18 January 1918. Viraghottam (Vizagapatam District). India and the war. Learning Telegu. Has been training Deputy Collectors; trying to suggest anti-capitalist views of land questions. 3pp.
    2. 30 January 1918. Camp Kottisa, Palkonda Taluk. About work and colleague. War. Part of page torn off. 2pp.
    3. 26 February - 9 March 1920. Rahamuth Bagh, San Thome. Joan on the way home with the children. Effect of India buying gold: Irish situation. Attitude towards British drawing out of India and reasons. 3pp. + newspaper cutting about Irish situation.
    4. 5 August 1920. Kodai Kanal. On leave. Describes area and settlement, population. Pessimistic about Indian politics (after Jallianwalla Bagh) which had left a deep scar, and proposed Montague-Chelmsford reforms. In present circumstances only remedy increase in Indians to top posts of services. Indian politicians publicly act on assumption that early termination of British connection would be best thing. Privately may think differently. 2pp.
    5. 16 December 1920. Madras. Irish troubles. Thinks Indian situation equally bad - certain classes have caught disease of nationalism/racism. Reasons for this nationalistic feeling due to inherent characteristics, also admits wound of foreign domination. Pessimistic. 6pp.

Extracts from J.T. Gwynn's letters copied into notebooks.

(These fill the gaps in the first list: the numbers refer to the original letters.)

  1. 1907
Book 1
    1. 6 May. Tindivanam. Going into camp.
    2. 15 May. Gingee. 37:54.
    3. 16 June. Chengam. Been walking in jungle in Javadis. Visited Tiruvannamalai temple. Comments on Hindu religion, and religious authorities.
    4. 18 June. Chengam. Would like course on practical engineering; minor engineering works in incompetent hands. Near Pondicherry, Hyder Ali country.
    5. 22 June. Tiruvannamalai. Annual settlement just finished; cites examples of petitions - comments on litigation, and on the police.
    6. 7 July. Madras Club. Comment on landlord class of west coast. Meets Cowie, I.G.P. Examples of Divisional work.
    7. 15 July. Tindivanam. Been to stay at Cuddulore; good country. Quarrelsome place: describes members of the European and Indian society in detail.
    8. 5 August. Kottakuram. Near Pondicherry. Going to call on British consul. Describes scenery and birds. Meets German and American missionaries.
    9. 25 August. Tindivanam.37:55.
    10. 15-16 September. Shernthamur, Villupuram. Variety of crops and vegetables possible to grow. Going to Kolianur and Valananur - a wicked town. Describes 17 mile ride from Karai to Villupuram and all mishaps. Brings rain to village.
    11. 29 September. Tindivanum Account of magistrates' work and status. Attitude towards Indian politics; south untouched by Bengal. Possible Press censorship. Village cases.
    12. 8 October. Gingee. 37:57.
    13. 12 October. Devanur, 12 miles north of Gingee, very beautiful. Introduced first budget to Taluk Board.
    14. 25 October. Kandamangalam. 37:58
    15. 3 November. Tindivanam. Going to Trichinopoly.
    16. 21 November. En route for Madras and Trichinopoly. Difficulties of parting. Describes Trinomalai Festival. 40,000 attend. Comment on railway travel.
    17. 20 November. 37:59
    18. Book 2

    19. 1 December. Trichinopoly. Staying with Butterworths, the Collector. His syce and father have died of cholera. Social obligations of large station. Starting magisterial work.
    20. 10 December. Trichinopoly. Features of Collectorate. Attached to Padukkottai State. Catalogued confidential papers of Collectorate, describes some background incidents. Stories of an eccentric Collector.
    21. 16 December. Gets own bungalow. Has been Acting Collector. for three weeks. Going to Pudukkottai State.
    22. 23 December. Trichinopoly. No interest in arranging house, furniture etc. Compares with Hindu frugality. Economies by Municipality - Brahmin clerks' economics, and way of life. Plethora of social obligations.
    23. 25 December. Hears of Tindivanian riot, 4 shot. Describes in detail disputes which are the cause and background of the riot: ill feeling between R.C.s and Hindus in a street in Villapuram. Discusses handling by D.M.
    24. 30 December. New District Medical and Sanitary Officer: Chalmers. Railway just extended to South Canara, brings the first cholera. Large number of Eurasians in Trichinopoly - personal analysis of characteristics.
  1. 1908
    1. 2 January. Praise of his butler. Two questions of etiquette.
    2. 7 January Alternative reasons for rise in rice and grain prices; possible riots. Soccer matches by SPG Schoolboys, very good. P & O and Japanese competition.
    3. n.d. Description of scenery from Trichinopoly Rock Amusing sidelights. Pudukkottai State affairs.
    4. 28 January. Account of case of fraud and trickery. Remarks change in attitude towards Government.
    5. 5 February. Trichinopoly. Hierarchy of servants. 'Witness depot' in town.
    6. 4 February. Trichinopoly. To be sent to Tinnevelly as Chadwick's Assistant on Settlement duty. Describes settlement work, and Chadwick's character and ability. Also describes a D.O. named Jackson, up to date - gave first D.O.s Indian garden party. Says everyone knows change (in British India) has to come, but Anglo Indians will put up a fight. Pros and cons of British leaving India. Swadeshi maxim of denationalizing.
    7. 8 February. Trichinopoly. Describes waste land round Trichinopoly. Comments on the Collector and his wife.
    8. 10 February. 38:60
    9. 19 February Bangalore. On eight day SPMR camp. Comments on high quality of ICS representation.
    10. 28 February. Bangalore. 38:61
    11. 1 March. Tinnevelly. Missionaries. Describes characters at school sports.. Comments on jewelry. Strike riots at Tuticorin. Administrative changes; describes newcomers Forestry Service.
    12. 3 March. Background to Tuticorin strikes at Harvey's cotton mill. Swadeshi tactics; Collector's method of dealing with it. Discussion of problems connected with administering law and order. Comments on Government of India class representation scheme by Provinces.
    13. 10 March. Ambasamudrum. Missionaries and the club. Converts - sketches of individual administrators.
    1. 13 March. Palamkottai. Strike over, rioting continues by Swaraj agitators in Tuticorin and Tinnevelly. Description of riots and control. Missionary attitude.
14 March. 50 police sent to Tinnevelly - Tuticorin mill hands striking again. Troops going in. Forest officers bring news of widespread unrest.

15 March. All quiet again: Attitude of Moderate member of Legislative Council Honorary Magistrate Annadurai Aiyer sent up, interviews Collector. Report of .Interview - Rangasami Aiyer.

16 March. European and Indian reaction to riots. Gives sketch map of locations of police posts, officers, houses in Palamkottai

    1. 20 March. Ambassamudrum. Punitive measures and attitudes after rioting. Description of taluk and settlement work.

    2. 22 March. Chadwick has arrived. Has seen Tenkasi taluk very attractive.
      25 March Chidambaram Pillai in jail.
    3. 3 April. Kuttalam. Description - Litigation over Europeans bathing in a caste pool. Has visited an old coffee plantation now fruit farm. Attitude towards Indians.
    4. 5 April. 38:63 Part II.
    5. 12 April. Tinnevelly. Camping with Chadwick on Tenkasi Ambasamudrum. Wallace trying sedition cases. To take charge of Ambasamudrum and Nanguniri taluks Inner history of the riots beginning with Tuticorin Steam Navigation Co. - Chidambaram Pillai.
    6. 20 April. Cannicattee. Describes the Kanis, tribal people.
    7. 27 April. Ambasamudrum. Accounts of Jackson at one time District Officer and other stories.
    8. 1 May. Nanguniri. Attitudes of Indians to foreigners and British rule. Educated classes and nationalism. Sedition trials and hopes of Japanese invasion.
    9. 5 May. Shermadevi. Mentions Castle Stuart Stuart, Member of Board of Revenue, Madras Presidency.
    10. 18 May. Sivasailam. Amusing description of settlement work.
    11. 29 May. Shirmadevi,

    12. 31 May. Palamcottah. In for meting of Officials Saturday District Board Meeting with civilians in district. Aftermath of riots. Syro-Chaldean Church v. RC Church. Comments on Wallaces, Bishop and Sir Ralph Benson.
    13. 15 June. Palamcottah. Hunt silver fox without killing it. Monsoon after forest fires. Pinhay trying Chidambaram Pillai.
    14. n.d. n.p. Still on Settlement work which drives off isolation. Considers subordinate staff and settlement problems. Visits Zemindar of Singamputti who runs successful Swadeshi tile factory. Account of training by Scots manager. Criticism of Government Home for orphan Zemindar boys. Attitude of average ICS to sedition.
    15. 21 June. 38:67
    16. 29 June. Nanguneri. Nationalism and the Madras ryot, and in the whole country. Attitude to measures against sedition from England and in Indian Government. Morley, Minto and the Press. Attitude of moderate Indians, and Indian officials; proposed preventive measures, comment on Press Act - Legal cases; Subromanim Siva, Krishna Iyer and Chidambaram Pillai.
    17. 15 July. Alwarkurichi, Ambassamudrum. Pinhey's judgment on Subramanim Siva and Chidambaram Pillai and others and effect. Necessity of both Liberal policy and repression. Problems of Indian representation on councils. Tilak's arrest.
    18. 21 July. Sivasailam. Camp on settlement work. Stories of individual Indian clerks.
    19. 38:68
    20. 38:69
    21. 38:70
    22. 16 August. Palamcottah. Snake-bite incident. Repercussions about Pinhey's judgment, by Sir Henry Cotton et al in England. Reputation of Cotton's son. Anecdotes. Case between French RC priest and his parishioners.
    23. 38:71
    24. 31 August. Idaihal, Tenkasi. Rough Patta hearings described.
    25. 22 September. Pampuli: Tenkasi. Brief note in midst of petitions. Examples of petitions.
    26. 38:72
    27. 6 October. Tenkasi. Brief note - Petitions continue.
    28. 38:73
    29. 18 October. Palamcottah. Promotions and changes. Dutt Sessions Judge.
    30. 38:74
    31. Book 3

    32. 38:76
    33. 17 November. Palamcottah. Brahmin comes to lunch.
    34. 22 November. Ponnahaddy. Chadwick and he have heard 10,000 petitions since August. Brief sketch of the taluk.
    35. 30 November. n.p. Governor's visit (Sir Arthur Lawley): Indians' placating welcome, received in temple; shown settlement office and agricultural produce.
    36. 38:77
  1. 1909
    1. 5 January. Kailpatti-Satur. New branch office opened. Attends ICS dinner Madras; Hammick replaced Stokes, conservative, anti-Reforms. News from Pondicherry.
    2. 39:78
    3. 39:79
    4. 39:80
    5. 10 February. Palamcottah. Shooting - Case of assessment and rights in Adaichani tank. Assessment difficulties in Tiruvaliswaram. Attitude and opinion of Hindus through contact with individual landowner and villagers. Difficulty of false evidence. Assessment economics and policy. Land Tax controversy. Injustice in division of grain between Hindu landlord and tenants.
    6. 39:82
    7. 39:83
    8. 26 March. Kopera Topi. Brief notes on settlement work to come.
    9. 4 April, Easter Sunday. Palamcottah. Changes in staff. Character sketches of Peddie Exec. Engineer, McIvor Collector, Davidson new Collector, Mullins, Judge Spencer and his wife. 6 April. Kailpatti. On assessment work again.
    10. 39:86
    11. 39:87
    12. 39:88
    13. 39:89
    14. 39:91
    15. 5 June. Srivikuntam. Palmyra tree count begins. Going on leave.
    16. 3-18 September S.S. Staffordshire (Bibby Line). Describes incidents on voyage.

    17. 22 September. Arrives Tinnevelly Bridge.
    18. 39:95
    19. 7 October. Iruvappuram. Two trustworthy native assistants. Settlement and work - Irrigation supervision -Properous SPG Christian village - well mannered.
    20. 39:96
    21. 26 October. Pudukudy. Developed methods of Land Settlement inaugurated and carried out by Collector.
    22. 39:97
    23. 18 November. Still very hard work on RP work.
    24. 20 November. On boat to Ceylon to play cricket. Brief notes on names and marriage customs.
    25. 39:99
    26. 18 December. Halfway through villages in RP work. - Anomaly of pay between himself and subordinates.
    27. 24 December. Mudittanandal. Village produced 957 petitions - very hard work. Results of first elections under Morley reforms. Guruswamy Iyer defeated. Incident indicative of.ignorance of villagers about elections.
  1. 1910
    1. 2 January. Vagankulam. Christmas - Story of harsh treatment in Hyderabad.
    2. 15 January. Padukatty. Going to Myanapuram.
    3. 40:103
    4. 20 February. Finished RP work.
    5. 21 February. Pudakatty. More village work. Anecdotes.
    6. 6 March. Accusations by Tinnevelly District Association against the Resettlement.
    7. 40:104
    8. 6 March. Palamcottah. Shooting
    9. 14 March. 40:105.
    10. 14 March. Survey before proposed Resettlement of Northern taluks Bad choice in election to Madras Executive Council. Criticism of Morley's scheme for executive Councils.
    11. 21 March. Incident of wounding boy and sequel.
    12. 31 March. In the Travancore hills. Incident of Forest guard's deceit.
    13. 10 April. 40:106
    14. 16 April. Sankaranainarkoil Taluk. Poor country, litigious people for land, religion and caste matters. Example cited between Marovars and Naiches. Taluks of Ottapadaram and Satur - characteristics of people. Deputation from Bengal Government.
    15. 22 April. Koilpatti. Creation of Ramnad District, Bryant first Collector, deputy Ashe, Sessions Judge Sydney Gordon Roberts (Tamil scholar). Opinion of all three. Servants and peons.
    16. 1 May. Visiting high administrative officers - Castle Stuart Stuart Commissioner and Schmidt Inspector General of Registration, both of whom are described in detail. Carry on mock battle with Mounted Volunteers and Police reserve. Character of Zemindar of Singampatti.
    17. 7 May. Tuticorin. Registering unowned land. Attends wedding of a Settlement Tahsildar. Is told history of rise of Muthuswamy Iyer.
    18. 19 May. Suoriskapuram. In remote areas. Toddy juice and beer.
    19. 1 June. Tirikarangudy. Quality of topes.
    20. 7 June. 40:108
    21. 10 June. 40:109
    22. 16 June. 40:111
    23. 16 June. 40:112
    24. 8 July. 40:113
    25. 18 July. Kattaikarungulam. Attitude of Indian Apothecary to Assistant Inspector of Salt.
    26. 24 July. 40:114
    27. 1 August. Going to camp. Census work beginning.
    28. 6 August. Devauallur. Lists the variety of work and projects undertaken by ICS; relationships with colleagues in District and outside; constant interest in Indian subordinates. Lists individuals who particularly interest him - their characters and characteristic incidents particularly of Brahmins.
    29. 6 September. 40:115
    30. 9 September. 40:116
    31. 12 September. 40:117
    32. 19 September. 40:118
    33. 7 October. Sketch of social tensions and individual characteristics.
    34. 5 October. 40:121 (very reduced from original)
    35. 18 October. 40:122
    36. 29 October. 40:123
    37. 5 November. RC village asking for more European officers to counteract bribery. First RC village he has heard RPs. Paravars, very poor. Attitude.of priest. Caste within the church.
    38. 11 November. 40:124
    39. 21 November. Takes over from Chadwick who becomes Director of the Agricultural Department. Settlement work continuing - short handed.
    40. 3 December. Idayankurdy. Last RP camp. Difficult mission centre. Describes society in the District.
  1. 1911
    1. 23 January. Palamcottah. Describes new assistant Matheson.
    2. 41:127
    3. 41:128a
    4. 8 February. Transferred to Madras on six months' probation, as Revenue Under Secretary at very short notice.
    5. 10 February. Under Secretary's work; sorry to leave Settlement.

    6. (Index at back of Book 3 referring to individuals mentioned in the diary)

      Book 4

    7. 41:129
    8. 22 February. Contrasts of Under Secretary's life - more comfortable, but does not meet Indians.
    9. 41:130
    10. 8 March. Overwork in Secretariat - Scandal of Surgeon General.
    11. 18 March. Opium Revenue, opium growing and its abolition. Secretariat work, very hard and long. Considers two members of Governor's. Council very weak. Krishnaswamy ablest of four. Acting Revenue Secretary, Butterworth, outline of character, and of Cardew, Revenue Secretary who returns.
    12. 28 March. 41:131
    13. 12 April. Brief note on way to Ootacamund.
    14. Ootacamund

    15. 18 April. Brief description.
    16. 23 May. On flowers.
    17. 23 April. Gives list of individuals in Ooty Society.
    18. 8 May. 41:132
    19. 4 June. 41:134.
    20. 20 June. Work easing. Hunting and society described. Zemindars' school.
    21. Very abbreviated excerpt from 41:141
    22. 41:142
    23. 7 October. n.p. Profile of Professor Rudolph of Indian Institute of Science. More on Krishnaswamy.
    24. 26 January. Camp Kottisa. Describes countryside. Mentions pay
    25. 10 February. Berhampore. Labour Battalions.
    26. 16 February. Camp Surada. 60 years old Sugar factory at Aska still running.
    27. 19 February. Camp Pondukhul. Describes countryside. Ooriyas - trade with Khonds - wild life, destruction of crops by elephants. Characteristics of khonds.
    28. 23 February. Camp Aska.
    29. 27 February. Camp Kondukerla. With Settlement Officer, Buckley.
    30. 3 March. Camp Lingurazapalam. Buckley sharing wide District experience - beautiful market.
    31. 12 March. Waltair. Epidemic of plague. Description of Eurasian woman inoculating people.
    32. 15 March. Camp Garabanda. Description of place and collector, R.W. Davies.
    33. 20 March. Camp Kallikottai. Describes place and Calcutta Madras road. Village HQ of Zamindar a minor, with Guardian called Didsworth and Eurasian wife. Arrangements for Zemindar's marriage. Ugly temples
    34. 27 March. Palkonda. Prevalence of tigers.
    35. 3 April. Waltair. Pleasant account of Vetinerary Hospital and elephant being treated and crows drinking toddy juice. Going on tour by bicycle in Gol