Centre of South Asian Studies


Handlist of Papers - F


Given by Mrs. S. Barlow

Small Collections Box 10

U.P.: Punjab: 1857.

Xerox copy of TS Memoir of the Mutiny: 'Through the Mutiny with the 4th Punjab Infantry, Punjab Irregular Force', by Surgeon General J. Fairweather, I.M.D., n.d.. 167pp.

Concentrates on military manoeuvres; assault on Delhi described in detail.


Bertram Hughes Farmer. Lecturer in Geography, Cambridge University 1952; Reader 1967-83; Member, Land Commission, Ceylon 1955-58; Director, Cambridge University Centre of South Asian Studies 1964-83.


Report of the Land Commission for the purposes of inquiring into, and reporting on, the laws of Ceylon relating to the alienation and administration of Crown land .... Sessional Paper X, 1958. Government Press, Ceylon.

Memoranda Nos. 1-169.


Memoranda Nos. 170-282 (except Nos. 225 and 251 which are separate).


Memorandum No. 225, Land Commissioner's Memorandum.

Memorandum No. 251, by T. Wickranasinghe (Soil Conservation Officer).

Reports issued to Commissioners:

Department of Industries. Bulletin No. G1/102/S. 'Small-scale sugar industry,' December 1955.

'Some reflections on the Ceylon land question', by Sir Hugh Clifford, Governor of Ceylon, 1927.

Introductory Paper by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 1953.

Notes by Mr. Pelzer, 1955.

Notes of discussion with Mr. Pelzer, 10 September 1955.

Extract from 'The agricultural colonization of the Zionist Organization in Palestine', by Dr. A. Ruppin, 1925.

'Appointment of a Commission to review Government's policy regarding the alienation of Crown land.'

Settlement problems on new agricultural lands in Ceylon.'

'Administration problems relating to land distribution in Ceylon.'


Public Sittings, Kalutara: evidence. 1956.

Public Sittings, Colombo: evidence. 1956.

Memorandum on 'Blocking out', 1956.

Land Commission Questionnaire: analysis.

Land Commission Summary of evidence:

  1. Galle, Matara, Hambantota;
  2. Ratnapura;
  3. Polonnaruwa, Peradeniya, Trincomalee;
  4. Kandy, Nuwara Eliya;
  5. Badulla, Batticaloa, Gal-oya;
  6. Anuradhapura;
  7. Jaffna;
  8. Puttalam;
  9. Matale;
  10. Colombo.
Land Acquisition Amendment Bill:
  1. Memorandum;
  2. Draft amendments;
  3. Mannar and Vavuniya;
  4. Kegalle;
  5. Kurunegala.
Additional papers given by Mr Farmer.


  1. Sir Purshotamdas Thakurdas and others. A Plan of Economic Development for India dated 1944. 56pp.
  2. 22 pamphlets in the Oxford Pamphlets in Indian Affairs Series as follows:
    No. 1. The Cultural Problem by A.J. Appasamy and others.
    No. 4. Indian States by K.M. Panikkar.
    No. 5. Democracy in India by A. Appadorai.
    No. 7. Social Problems by S. Natarajan.
    No. 8. The Food Supply by Radhakamal Mukerjee.
    No. 9. The Land and its Problems by Sir T. Vijayaraghavacharya.
    No. 11. Languages and the Linguistic Problem by Suniti Kumar Chatterji.
    No. 12. The Health of India by John B. Grant.
    No. 13. Iraq by Seton Lloyd.
    No. 14. The Aboriginals by Verrier Elwin.
    No. 15. The Educational System by K.G. Saiyadain and others.
    No. 22. Racial Elements in the Population by B. S. Guha.
    No. 23. Soil Erosion by Sir Harold Glover.
    No. 25. Winning the Peace by F.L. Brayne.
    No. 27. Broadcasting by Seth Drucquer.
    No. 28. Mineral Resources by A.M. Heron.
    No. 32. Industrial Location by Bimal C. Ghose.
    No. 34. Transport by F.P. Antia.
    No. 35. Architecture by Claude Batley.
    No. 38. National Harmony by Percival Spear.
    No. 39. Cooperation by W.R. S. Satthianadhan and J.C. Ryan.
    No. 40. Australia and New Zealand by T. K. Critchley.
  3. Two pamphlets by F.L. Brayne:
    • The neglected partner. (Hampstead, Village Welfare Association, 1949.)
    • The peasant's home - and its place in national planning. (Hampstead, Village Welfare Association, 1949.)


Personal files of Mr Farmer relating to the establishment and scope of the Cambridge South Asian Archive. Closed until 2010.

1. Copies of letters mainly received from Sir Arthur Dash together with correspondence from possible donors to the Archive. 1968. [Sir Arthur Dash was appointed in February 1967 to take charge of Phase I of the Archive Project. He appealed for material in circulars sent to members of the Indian Civil Service Pensioners' Association. See Volume 1 of this series, pp.vii-xi.]

2. Exchanges of correspondence with Miss J.C. Lancaster, Director of the India Office Library and Records, on the overlapping activities of the two archives. 1975.


Proceedings and papers of the Indo-British Geography Seminar on rural-urban interaction held at the Delhi School of Economics, 5-19 December 1972. 20 papers with additional material.


Proceedings and papers of the Second Indo-British Geographical Seminar held at the Centre of South Asian Studies, University of Cambridge, 15-30 September 1975. Bound volume containing 26 papers.


Proceedings and papers of the Indo-British Seminar on Regional Development Policies held at Madras, Tirupati and Mysore, South India, 8-17 December 1979. 2 bound volumes, 7 loose papers and additional material.


Papers, programme and list of participants of the Conference on Modern South Asian Studies held at St. John's College, Cambridge, 5-9 July 1968. Bound volume with loose additional material.


Offprint: The founding of the North-West Frontier Militias, by Thomas D. Farrell.

Asian Affairs Volume 59 (NS Vol. III) Part II, June 1972.


Given by Conor Farrington.

India general: 1953 - 1954.

Xerox TS

'A Strolling Player in India' by Conor Farrington.

An amusing account of the difficulties and experiences with a small theatrical company touring India from June 1953 - December 1954. Written 1955.


Given by Mr. J. Gladstone

Mr Gladstone thought the author is the William Ferguson who appears in Paterson's History of Ayrshire Vol.l p.143, 1863. See correspondence with J. Gladstone, 2 and 9 May 1974.

7 June 1731 - 15 July 1739.

Mr. Ferguson's Diary of a Voyage to the Cape, Mocha, India and China, 7 June 1731 - 15 July 1739. Two xerox copies. 224pp.

The author attempts to detail and to understand the peoples he visited in his travels by describing the geographical setting, and social and governmental organisation and the lengthy conversations he had about the philosophy of their religions. He went on several voyages during this period and stopped in such places as Cape de Verdo, Trinidada, Cape Town, India, Mocha Rode in the Red Sea, Malaya, Macao and Canton in China.

(Two parts of the diary were missing: the first sentence on page 87 does not follow, and section No.5 is missing.)


Given by Lt. Col. Michael Lloyd Ferrar

Small Collections Box 10

Andaman and Nicobar Islands; 1929-1932 Oudh (before creation of the United Provinces) 1875-1877

Microfilm Box 5 No. 32

  1. Journal of Michael Lloyd Ferrar (the donor's father):
    • Family history; autobiography; joined I.C.S. 1861; sailed for India 15 October 1862 - the journal continues from here. Arrives in Calcutta 22 January 1863, and finally leaves India in 1899. It is a very detailed journal, recording not only events in India, but commenting on news from abroad, such as American Civil War, and is annotated in later years with remarks, deaths etc., and illustrated with newspaper cuttings, photographs, maps etc. There are comments on rates of pay, conditions of life (European), travelling and weather, and above all personalities, but little about his work or the Indian people.
  2. Letters from Lt. Col. M.L. Ferrar (son of the above) to his mother:
    • Volume I, 1913-23 Kula, Punjab; Bombay, as chief postal censor 1914-19; Lahore, Assistant Commissioner in charge of the city 1919-23. (There is a good deal of political comment in these letters on the Nationalist Movement and Civil Disobedience.)
    • Volume II, 1923-31: Andaman Islands, Chief Commissioner; comments on the Jarawas, Moplah immigration and mosquito control.
  3. Game-book of Lt. Col. M.L. Ferrar, 1913-53; this begins with a short autobiographical sketch.
  4. Diary of Mrs. F.L. Ferrar, 1913.
  5. Miscellaneous papers:
    • 'The Anopheline mosquitoes of the Andamans', by Major G. Covell, I.M.S. 1926
    • >Andaman and Nicobar Gazette. Extraordinary. Published by authority. No. 2; Port Blair, Thursday 18th March 1926. Home Department Resolution. 'Jails', by J. Crerar, Secretary to the Government of India. Proceedings of the Durbar held by the Chief Commissioner on the 13th March 1926.
    • 'Memorandum on the agriculture of the Andamans and Nicobars', by M.L. Ferrar, Chief Commissioner ... C.C.P. 5 February 1927.
    • MS draft of speech to the Local Born Association, October 1927.
    • Causeway connecting the Chatham Island with the mainland - opening ceremony 21 April 1930. Speech made by Major D. Kenny, Deputy Commissioner and by Lt. Col. Ferrar, Chief Commissioner.
    • Press telegrams. Chief Commissioner's Press. Dated Port Blair, Saturday 11 April 1931.
    • Typescript of a complete survey of the state of the Andaman Islands, public works, population etc., made by M.L. Ferrar, 1 January 1930 and presented to members of the Standing Finance Committee of the Legislative Assembly in Delhi in January 1931, which accepted all proposals of the Government for the Andamar. Budget, 13 pp.
    • Extract from the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 13 October 1931, on bird migration notes from Port Blair.
    • TS paper written by Ferrar on 'Swamps and reclamations in the Andamans', 4 April 1931. 9 pp.
    • Andaman and Nicobar Gazette. Extraordinary. No. 1. Port Blair, Friday 10th April 1931. 'Note of thanks on handing over', by M.L. Ferrar. 2 copies.
    • The Rangoon Diocesan Magazine, June 1931.
    • TS. Comparative statement showing the mortality amongst convicts in the settlement hospitals, Port Blair, for the months of April, May, June, July, August and September 1928, 1929 and 1930. 2 pp.
    • Three MS letters of thanks from Keith Dawson to Mrs. Ferrar, and Lord Birdwood to Lt. Col. Ferrar and Mrs. Ferrar for their hospitality while Lord Birdwood stayed with them in the Andamans. Dated 7 and 8 December 1929.
    • Newspaper cutting, unnamed, undated of 'Terrorists in the Andamans'.
    • Newspaper cuttings from the Rangoon Times, Saturday 10 May 1930. 'The Andaman Isles'; 'Port Blair's deep-sea jetty'.
    • Copies of correspondence carried out between Alexander Howard and Colonel J.C. Wedgwood, M.P. in the Morning Post on conditions in the jail in the Andamans, arising from an article called 'Hell in the Andamans' which Colonel Wedgwood wrote. April 1931 and August 1931.
    • MS letter from Lord Irwin declining with regret to take the Chair at a meeting about the Andamans for Colonel Ferrar. 13 October 1970.
    • Correspondence from E. Shand and A.T. Hughes to Colonel Ferrar after Colonel Ferrar had left the Andamans, the first enclosing 'Report on the Ferrar Canj Colony for the year 1931-32, and life among lifers - being a short account of the Ferrar Ganj Colony run by the Salvation Army for the Government of the U.P. India, among life-sentence convicts and their families in the Andaman Islands.' Written for the Northampton Independent, 1932.
    • Report of the administration of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Penal Settlement of Port Blair, (1 April, 1939 - 31 March 1940.) Government of India Press, 1941. (HD. 4.40/110)
    • TS copy of 'Note of a voyage in the Jarawa to the Nicobars' written by M.C.C. Bonington. n.d.
    • Speech and correspondence by Khan Sahib Dr. Nawab Ali Alig. G.B.V.C. Port Blair, on the occasion of the opening ceremony of the new club house of the Local Born Association, by the Chief Commissioner, Andaman and Nicobar Islands on 3 December 1932.
    • Letter of thanks from Naval Intelligence Division (Section 4x) Admiralty, S.W. 1.
    • Typed programme of the Commander-in-Chief's visit to the Andamans, December 1939 together with menu of dinner, seating plans etc.; three other seating plans.
    • Four letters to Colonel Ferrar; signatures not deciphered.
    • Article in romanized script.
    • Printed card of the Viceroy's engagements from Saturday 11 May to Tuesday 4 June 1929.
    • Special report of an offence, Lahore District. 8 March 1923. TS copy. Dacoity with murder, rescue and escape from police custody etc. Xerox copy of an autobiographical survey written in the Spring of 1965 of Ferrar's life to 1912; includes comments on life in India etc. (Arrived in India 1896.)


  1. Photograph album presented to Lt. Colonel and Mrs. Michael Lloyd Ferrar by the Girl Guides and Boy Scouts of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, during Lt. Colonel Ferrar's time as Chief Commissioner in the Islands, 1929-1931

    Containing photographs of the Ferrars, the Scouts and Guides and other representative groups and occasions.


  1. 1. The Regular Settlement and Revised Assessment of the District of Sitapur in the Province of Oudh reported by M.L. Ferrar, Officiating Settlement Officer of H.M. Bengal Civil Service. Lucknow, 1875. Rough copy belonging to M.L. Ferrar, dated 31.3.1875. In the front pp. a MS Note 1901 saying that this was the preliminary copy and did not appear officially until 1877. It was the first Regular Settlement of the district ... A 2 page note on the word Naimisharanya bound in between pp. 114 and 115.
  2. 2. Census of India Vol. II. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands by M.C.C. Bonington. 1932.


Given by Miss Elizabeth Farrer

Bihar and Orissa 1939-1966

Memoir written as an answer to the Questionnaire on Missions and Missionaries in India during the British period, and immediately after Independence. Miss Ferrar worked with the Dublin University Mission (U.S.P.G.) at Hazaribagh, Bihar and Orissa, in the Diocese of Chota Nagpur from 1939-1966. 7pp. TS. 27 July 1976.

Voyage out in war-time conditions; description of situation of mission; training and early years; educational work; organisation; impact of India; contacts with all types and castes of Indiana inside and outside the mission; relationship with other missions; attitudes towards British rule; impact of the mission; adaptation to Indian life and Indian customs; political contact and influence of Gandhi. Impact and consequence of Independence.


Philip E.S. Finney, Indian Police Service.

Bengal, Burma: 1924 - 1947.


  1. Collection of photostat copies of entry into the Police Service, Articles of Agreement, biography as in 'History of Services', warrant to join army; Government Servants' Conduct Rules 1919. 11pp.
  2. Barrackpore 1927 ? 30. Photostat copies of letters of merit, newspaper cuttings, letter of congratulation and thanks from Sir John Simon acknowledging his work as D.C. of Police, Calcutta. 28pp.
  1. Buxa Duars Detention Camp 1930 ? 31. Correspondence relating to office of Superintendant. 2pp.
  2. Deoli Jail 1932 ? 34. Copies of letters and other papers relating to office as Superintendant of the detention camp in Deoli. 46pp.
  3. Papers concerning material for history of the Indian Police by Sir Percival Griffiths under the title To guard my People published in 1971.
  4. Note giving his views, which were asked for by the Governor of Bengal on the political impasse in January 1946. 8pp.
  5. Paper concerning the Superior Civil Services Rules 1934, related to Finney. 6pp.
  6. File marked 'Correspondence - Indian Coronation Contingent 1937'. 66 Officers of the Indian Police attended the Coronation. Correspondence between Finney, Sir Horace Williamson and Sir John Ewart on the difficulties, complaints etc., encountered.. 51pp.
  7. File marked 'Inspection and instruction remarks made by P.E.S. Finney, Superintendent of Police, Rangpur on the Reserve Office on the 27 August - 1 September 1936.' 64pp.
  8. Papers concerned with Inspection remarks made by Finney as Superintendent of Police, Rangpur in September 1936. 14pp. Also papers for the office Order Book - 4pp. and Standing Order No.33 of 1936 concerning detenu letters. 3pp.
  9. Copy of 'Notes for the Additional Superintendent Headquarters, Mymensingh' March 1936. 18pp. Notes intended as guidance for his predecessor outlining the policy adopted and the methods to translate it into effect.
  10. Folder issued by Governor of Bengal 'General Police arrangements in connection with the visit of His Excellency the Governor of Bengal to Rangpur' 31 October - 2 November 1936. 131pp.
  11. Xerox copy. TS Memoir entitled Just my Luck, or Reminiscences by P.E.S. Finney, late Indian Police Service. Illustrated by photographs. 166pp.
See also: Books


Given by Sir John Forbes, Bart.

Small Collections Box 10

Typewritten copies of letters from John Forbes of Bombay, his brother Rev. George Forbes and his son Charles Forbes (later Sir Charles Forbes), as well as a few others, together with notes, covering the years 1786-1811. Also an obituary notice of Sir Charles Forbes 22 November 1849 together with other family notes. The originals are in the possession of Sir John Forbes.

The letters include the story of the kidnapping of Mary Ashburner. They are written from India, but include a good deal of comment on the political situation in Europe at the time.

Notes on John Forbes of Bombay, 1743-1821. pp, 1-2.

Genealogy No. IV. p. 3.

Notes on the family of Rev. George Forbes Younger of Bellabeg, b. 1738, d. 1799. pp. 4-6.

Letter from John Forbes in London, about to sail to Bombay, to his brother Charles at Lochell, December 1786: admonitory; note on John Forbes' death. pp. 6-7.

Copy of a letter written at Lochell, 10 November 1786, from George Forbes, minister of Lochell, to his brother John Forbes (of Bombay). pp. 8-10.

George Forbes at Lochell, to his son Charles, merchant in Bombay, 3 December 1793. (Letter ends abruptly.) pp. 10-15.

Copy of a letter written at Lochell, 28 January 1794, from George Forbes, minister of Lochell, to Charles Forbes his son (in Bombay). pp. 16-20.

Charles Forbes in Bombay, to his father George Forbes, 26 October 1794; enumerates gifts being sent home and comments on them. pp. 21-23.

Charles Forbes in Bombay, to Mr. Mitchell of the ship Woodford, 26 October 1794; about the gifts which are being sent home on the Woodford, pp. 23-25.

Note on the death of Rev. George Forbes at Lochell, 1799. p. 25.

Note on Sir Charles Forbes, lst Baronet of Newe and Edinglassie, with a record of his children, and a list of the letters which are extant in the ledger at Newe. Extract from a letter written by Charles Forbes in Bombay to Dr. Guise at Surat, November 1794. pp. 26-31.

Charles Forbes in Bombay, to Captain McIntosh, 23 November 1794; about situation in Europe; success of the French; Lord Howe's victory. pp. 32-33.

Letter written at Bombay 4th December 1794 by Charles Forbes to Alexander Gray, Esq; Sir R. Strachan's engagement with French; comment on Bombay Courier and Madras Courier; comments on European and English political scene; comments on sealing letters; refers to Mr. Forbes. pp. 33-38.

Charles Forbes at Bombay, 23 December 1794 to James Findlay (also in India); dispute between the Peshwa and Nizam; Tippoo Sultan; Mauritius Station; appointments; refers to Mr. Forbes. pp. 38-41.

Charles Forbes in Bombay, 15 February 1795 to his father Rev. George Forbes at Lochell; the letter going overland via Suez and may reach his father by the end of May; refers to other letters; remittances sent home; refers to various individuals; Rohilla War ended; comments on European situation and on Pitt. pp. 41-44.

Charles Forbes from Bombay, 14 June 1795 to Captain Macintosh at Canton; giving European news with comments; its effects on trade and Dutch relations; the Calcutta and Allepo markets for Chinese goods. pp. 44-46.

Extract from a letter written by Charles Forbes in Bombay, 2 March 1796 to George Gordon at Calcutta family matters; purchase of a company by his brother in the Gordon Highlanders. pp. 46-47.

Note. There are no more letters until 1810; the next one relates the Ashburner incident, with long note on it.

Charles Forbes in Bombay, to his uncle John Forbes of Bombay, at his house 9 Fitzroy Square, 24 March 1810; refers to his mother's death and his children in the care of his uncle, John Forbes; also refers to his wife's return to recover her daughter, Mary Ashburner, kidnapped and sent to America; criticisms of members of his firm: Mr. Kinloch (who is malade imaginaire), Mr. Inglis; a business quarrel; insurance, a source of income; Sir Edward Pellew. pp. 50-60.

Letter from George Forbes, minister at Strathdon, written from London to Charles Forbes his brother, 7 October 1810 (received 8 June 1811); news of Mrs. Forbes (Charles' wife on her way to America) and the children; news of his children. pp. 60-62.

James Forbes in London to Charles Forbes, 10 October 181.0; news of his meeting Mrs. Forbes, pp. 62-63.

Letter from George Forbes to his brother Charles Forbes, 1 January 1811; about meeting Mrs. Charles Forbes in London en route for America; remarks about children; remuneration by John Forbes to George for expenses ? £200 to cover him, his wife and son in London; finances discussed, in particular sending out money to India to be put into business for the interest; other family matters, and notes on the family. pp. 64-66.

Extract from a letter written in London by Miss Smith to Mr. Smith in Bombay, 16 May 1811; records that Mrs. Forbes recovered her child. p. 67.

Notes on Sir Charles Forbes's life, and death on 20 November 1849 on his return to England; obituary notice in The Times 22 November 1849; the Address of the natives and inhabitants of India who subscribed to his statue, erected in the Town Hall, Bombay; the Address includes references to his lack of prejudice, and kindness, and his work for social equality, pp. 67-73.


(John and Charles Ford)

Given by Mr. A. V. Owen

U.P. Allahabad, Naini Tal: 1870-1903. 85pp.

  1. Two letters of recommendation concerning John Ford's work as Senior Reader in the Government Press, Allahabad, dated 1870, 1873. A letter dated 3 March 1886 from John Ford to his brother Charles. Two letters from John Ford to Mrs. Charles Ford, 19 October 1886 and 19 September 1895. P.C. announcing his intending return home from John Ford to his brother Charles, 29 May 1895. Three pages of accounts, dated 1888, for wood and ironmongery, relating to John Ford's work as a builder.
  2. Nine letters to Charles Ford from Arthur H.C. Hamilton, concerning death of his brother John in Allahabad on 4 February 1901 and the disposal of his estate 14 February 1901-26 February 1903. 30pp.
  3. Papers relating to disposal of John Ford's estate, notebook of memoranda concerning John Ford's death, kept by his brother Charles Ford, auction notices, inventory, accounts.
  4. Papers relating to monument for John Ford and his Hindu wife, including six photographs of John Ford taken by Thomas A. Rust.
  5. Poems by John Ford, sheet of music, several photographs, water colour sketch, pressed flowers, Chinese map.
  6. Book of photographs taken by Charles Ford 1901-1903 Allahabad, Naini, Lucknow.
See also: Photographs


Given by Major J.A. Forsythe.

Ceylon 1860-1933

A short history of the Eagle Troop, R.H.A. 1955 (Amended by Major Forsythe). 40pp.

Principal events and actions fought by "N" Battery (The Eagle Troop) 1817-1967. Printed single sheet.

Memoirs of William Forsythe 1860-1933

A series of newspaper articles from The Times Of Ceylon, 10-13 February 1937, by Mr. William Forsythe (1859-1933) a coffee and tea-planter in Ceylon from 1877. Introduction of tea and. rubber growing ?

descriptive comments. Failure of the coffee plantations and take-over by tea. Biographical sketches of individual planters and others at the time. Memories of Sir Arthur Gordon and Sir Solomon Dias Bandaranaike, Fred. J. Wright - etc.

Original advertisement of Andrew Forsythe's household furniture on his removal from Belfast to England in 1867.

27 photographs taken by William Forsythe in Ceylon.

A synopsis of Ceylon photos in possession of Mrs. Coltart, E. Meon.

  1. A large photo (10" x 8") of an early car in Ceylon with WF, NF, Harold North & anon. c.1908, on a dirt road, with a crowd of Ceylonese bystanders.
  2. Sunnycroft early estate bungalow, in Kelani Valley, with NF. 1908.
  3. NF winning an early Motor Rally trial in Kandy. 1908.
  4. A car in Ceylon with a modern tiled bungalow, with WF, NF, Gwen Carter & Harold North, & anon. c.1908.
  5. A group of planters (about 20 plus) and one lady (NF), standing in front of a thatched bungalow 1908.
  6. All below are Ceylon 1915:

  7. Girl tapping rubber.
  8. Rate-mahatme Medeniya and his 14 elephants.
  9. Nilambe FF & Sammy Cole.
  10. Temple at Anaradjhpura.
  11. The elephants again (about 10).
  12. Sammy Cole's bungalow ? Nilambe, Kelani Valley.
  13. Sailing in a catamaran from Colombo. Sinhalese fisherman standing on outrigger.
  14. A picnic outing in Mr. Brown's bullock cart, Negombo 1915.
  15. Five planters in front of bungalow with WF, Sammy Coles, - Taylor et al,
  16. Floods at Topawiroa Lake (near Polonaruah).
  17. Jugglers at Kandy.
  18. Cantila - Coast scene 1915.
  19. White bullocks & driver at Negombo.
  20. The Flower Altar, Polonaruah 1915.
  21. Verandah of Galle Face Hotel with FF.
  22. Anaradjhpura Temple Gate with WF.
  23. Elephants at Penchara at Kandy.
  24. Coastal Scene.
  25. Round Temple at Polonaruah.
  26. Lake at Cantila.
  27. Anaradjhpura Temple Gates with FF.
  28. Grave of a servant of Mr. and Mrs. William Forsythe.

WF = William Forsythe

NF = Norah Forsythe

FF = Frances Forsythe


Small Collections Box 10

(Lt. J.F. Fortescue-Brickdale)

Given by Mr. F. Fortescue-Brickdale

Bengal, Madras, U.P. Punjab: 1845 - 1846.

  1. Letters from Matthew Brickdale to his parents 1 and 2 July 1845 from Cove (South Ireland) having gone to see his brother, Lt. John Fortescue-Brickdale, off on 'Alfred' a 36 gun frigate. Describes ship and cabin and other passengers, and says as Adjutant he is very busy.
  2. Letter written on 2 July, describes parting and the Alfred sailing away. Matthew returns to Cork.
  3. Letters from Lt. J.F. Brickdale: during the time of the first Sikh War as Adjutant to his Regiment (61st Glos. Regt.):
    • 25 September 1845 From Ship 'Alfred' to Calcutta.
    • 4 October 1845 Description of voyage. Cabin, passengers, birds, fish seen, land passed. Latitude and longitude, wind etc. (4pp. single sheet) Reaches Madras Roads.
    • 14 October 1845 'Alfred': Very hot. Describes lying off Madras, native craft and how they row. Lands at Madras, goes to new hotel. Describes European and native Madras - spends day there, gets July newspapers.
    • 18 October Lies off Calcutta, difficulty in getting in with shipping, sandbanks, and monsoon. Concludes on 22 October still not in Calcutta.
    • 4 November 1845 Dum Dum. Took until 25th to arrive at Garden Reach. Describes cantonment. Criticizes administrative preparations for march to Allahabad. Thinks they will go to Cawnpore to relieve the 53rd. Everything very expensive - gives prices. Enumerates servants. Dining at the Artillery Mess 100 bearers there; soldiers have servants. Describes his office, expense of moving.
    • 4 November 1845. Short note to mother - replying to her health warnings, and commenting on her letter.
    • 15 November 1845. Dum Dum: to brother Matthew. Still not moved. Incompetence of authorities. Describes Calcutta briefly. Attends Hindu celebration along with over 1,000 others of all colours and classes. Comments on good cooks in India. Attends dance. Personal.
    • 4 December 1845. Dum Dum: to father. Very busy; ordered to leave for Allahabad; rumours of wars in the north; now has 12 servants; bought a horse.
    • 15 December 1845. Camp, Burdwan: to father. Describes march - numbers, camp followers, baggage train, routine. The officers dine with the local Rajah. Description of his establishment.
    • 1 January 1846. Camp Benhee, 245 miles from Calcutta. Describes tiff in with the Rajah. Has fruitless beat for tiger. Stories of other game: News of the Sikh force.
    • 21 January 1846. Camp 'Tamashabad', 440 miles from Calcutta. To his father. Comments on the losses (at Ferozeshah) in the Punjab and blames Sir Hugh Gough. Describes reinforcements being brought up against renewed Sikh attack.. Comments on Benares. Cannot walk through streets except by elephant too dangerous. On good road, after Soane R.
    • 15 February 1846. Cawnpore. To sister, Mrs. Catherine Owen Jones. Has been to Allahabad - very pretty and well ordered. Describes people at Hindu Festival - Cawnpore, deserted of troops - all in the Punjab. Describes bungalow - not many ladies. Theatre and assembly rooms. Hears of the second successful attack on Sikhs. Comments on severe criticism of the Sikh war.
    • 18 March 1846. Cawnpore. Quiet life. Been calling. Comments on: the great informality of social life in dress, manners, etc.; suddenness of the war; unfair stopping of the general levy; good financial position. Has schools and libraries under his superintendence. Shooting. Can only write once a month, not enough paper for more. Mentions possibility of old soldiers' pensions. (2 sheets)
    • 30 March 1846. Cawnpore. To sister Anne. Personal, on the death of his brother, Charles.
    • 17 April 1846. Cawnpore. Personal, on the death of his brother, Charles.
    • 3 May 1846. Cawnpore. Further on brother's death; on possible promotion. Asks for financial help. News of 16th and 31st Lancers passing through (from Punjab). Describes and comments on the action, and rumours which have circulated.
    • 18 May 1846. Cawnpore.
    • 25 May 1846. Cawnpore. To father. Discusses funds for purchasing promotion. Asks father to write letters of recommendation for him to Duke of Beaufort. Speaks highly of Lord Fitzroy.
    • 26 June 1846. Cawnpore. Talks of heat, monsoon, insects. Captured Sikh guns have been through - 252 (four mislaid) including one belonging to Ranjit Singh. The Resident of Lucknow and P.M. of Oude come for the occasion. Getting up a theatrical company.
    • 30 July 1846. Cawnpore. More about promotion. Sir Harry Smith of Aliwal taken command of division. Strict disciplinarian.
    • 13 August 1846. Cawnpore. - imperfect. More about finance and promotion.
    • 30 August 1846. Cawnpore. Has corresponded with the officer whose appointment he hopes for. Hopes for exchanges. (2 sheets).
    • 18 October 1846. Cawnpore. Brief letter. Will probably remain in Umbal.
    • 17 November 1846. n.p. Personal.
    • 16 November 1846. Camp 'Alupoor'. On the march; describes Delhi. Not certain of destination. Been out with irregular cavalry corps.
    • 2 December 1846. Umbala. Describes deserted cantonments of Kurnaul. Describes Umbala, cantonments. General Gilbert C.O. Describes his tent which he shares.
  4. Letters about Lt. John Fortescue-Brickdale's death on 13 December 1846:
    • 16 December 1846. From Lt. J.W. Hudson 61st Regiment, in Umbala to his brother Matthew. Describes the fall Lt. Brickdale sustained from his horse and his sub sequent death from a fractured skull.
    • 16 December 1846. From (Colonel) H. Burnside to Fortescue's father, announcing the death of his son, and the circumstances.
    • 17 December 1846. Copy of part of Edward (Wickham's) letter from Umbala announcing the death of Lt. Fortescue-Brickdale, and the treatment and course of the illness after the accident.
    • Copy of a paragraph about Lt. Brickdale's abilities sent by Major Charles Gregorie to Brickdale's mother, 14 March 1847.
    • 2 April 1847. From Lt. J.W. Hudson in Umbala a to Matthew Brickdale about the disposal of Lt. Brickdale's effects, and position of his grave.
    • Part of a letter about Brickdale, written to his mother. (1848)
    • 9 February 1849. From H.P. Powys, Hardwick near Reading, the father of a friend of Brickdale's written to Matthew Brickdale about a complicated and curious affair with a man called Webb who wanted to borrow money. (2 sheets)
    • Four sketches for the Memorial Plaque to be erected to Lt. J.F. Brickdale and the suggested wording in the parish church at Newland, Nr. Reading.
    • Sketch of the burial ground, and position of Lt. Brickdale's grave in Umbala.
    • Cuttings regarding Lt. Brickdale's promotion, 1844, and notice of his being gazetted Captain, 16 days after his death, 29 December 1846.
    • Cuttings from the Naval & Military Gazette & E. India & Colonial Chronicle.
    • Anon. letter 21 November 1848 about the memorial Tablet to be erected to Lt. Brickdale at Newland, Berkshire.
    • Cutting from the Spectator 8 November 1902 sent by "B" being a copy of John Fortescue-Brickdale's letter home from school in 1834.


W.S. Foster and C.W. Foster

Lent by Mrs. Y. Masheder

N.W.F.P., Madras 1860-1947

Envelope containing:

  1. Covenant of Service between Government of India and William Shrubsole Foster, 8 October 1860.
  2. Par Parchment letter of appointment of W.S. Foster to Indian Civil Service, Madras Presidency, 22 October, 1860.
  3. Letter from Governor of Madras, to W.S. Foster, Collector of Godavery, 4 August 1879. (Envelope)
  4. Receipt dated 4 June, 1885 for Rs 252-8 sent by W.S. Foster to Civil Funds on the birth of his son Charles William Foster.
  5. Newspaper cutting undated, with notice of' W.S. Foster's death.
  6. 48 letters from Charles William Foster, Indian Police, to his mother in 1908, from the N.W.F.P.: Gulistan, Hangu, Kohat, Gurgan, Peshawar, etc. I.C.S./Police relations; Samana Rifles, Frontier Militia; Frontier organisation; skirmishes; Zakka Khel and Mohmands expeditions referred to; Curzon mentioned (22 March and 9 May) Kitchener referred to 12 April, 22 July, 4 August, 7, 13, 28 October.
  7. One odd sheet of a letter from C.W. Foster.
  8. Invitation from the Indian officers of the Peshawar District Police to Mr. and Mrs. Foster to a farewell Tea-Party to Mr. C.W. Foster, 12 January 1921.
  9. TS memoir My years in the Indian Police 1905-1920 by C.W. Foster November 1956. 44pp.
  10. TS article The Semana Rifles, by C.W. Foster written for the archives of the N.W. Frontier Police at the request of the Inspector General of Police 1950. 3pp. 3 copies.
  11. MS letter from Karam Narain, from a policeman at Hangu congratulating C.W. Foster on his marriage. 5 December 1914.
  12. MS. sheet in cursive Urdu, about land. No date. 8 annas judicial stamp papers used in Kashmir in 1771. It contains the statement of complainant Bagar son of Saleh against Rahmat Ullah, son of Kajammul Butt -Profession: Zemindari. The statement is in respect of a dispute regarding a mortgage. The statement was recorded on 27 June 1771 and the names of the witnesses are also mentioned. The stamp also bears the impression of the name of the stamp vendor Ramji Sahai. (The statement has been recorded in Shakistan Urdu).
  13. Abusive letter- to Mrs. Foster from 'Hero'. 4pp. MS
  14. Exercise book containing housekeeping accounts kept by Mrs. C.W. Foster 1916-1920. Also recipes, addresses etc. for household goods.
  15. Telegram 28 May 1909 from Bombay from (C.W.) Foster in Peshawar to (Mrs.) Foster in Hoddesdon.
  16. File containing: Certificates and testimonials of C.W. Foster. TS copy of the remarks entered in the Personal File of C.W. Foster. 4pp. Articles of agreement on C.W. Foster proceeding to India as an Officer of Police. 6 October 1905.
  17. TS extract from a Memorandum recorded by Lt. Colonel W.J. Keen, ... upon the working of the Police in the Peshawar District ... 1920. (extract refers C.W. Foster) 2pp.
  18. Testimonials and letters of appreciation post 1921 referring to C.W. Foster's work in Indian Police. One from Arden-Close.
  19. Certificate of Proficiency in Urdu 13 March 1919.
  20. TS article on Kohat District N.W. Frontier Police written by C.W. Foster for the Indian Police Book Committee 1967. 3pp.
  21. Printed attendance form used by the Frontier Constabulary, Peshawar.
  22. Confidential file: Government Gazette Extraordinary N.W.F.P. Martial Law Notices for Peshawar City and Cantonement May 10, 1919. Orders Etc.
  23. Printed Report on the Police Administration in the N.W.F.P. during the year 1919. Printed 1920. (C.W. Foster mentioned).
  24. 19 printed notices in Urdu about Martial Law in Peshawar, 1919.
  25. Photographic album - a record of a Christmas Camp 1906 in Gurgaon, Punjab - hosts Sir Hector and Lady Dennys.
  26. Photograph of Godavery District Jubilee, February 1887.
  27. Photograph of a Madrasi Raja.
  28. Photograph album illustrating C.W. Foster's T S memoir (Item 8)


  1. Coatman, John Eric Charles Handyside, C. I. E., O. B. E., Indian Police. Privately printed, Tunbridge Wells, n.d. but post 1926.
  2. Coatman, John Police. London O.U.P. Home University Library, 1959.
  3. Cox, Sir Edmund C. Police and Crime in India. London, (1910)
  4. Foster, C.W. The Portrait Parle system of description for Police Purposes. Lahore, 1913
  5. Garrett, H.L.O. A brief history of the old police battalions in the Punjab. Punjab Government Record
  6. Office Publications, Lahore, 1927.
  7. A.L. Pennell of Bannu. London, C.M.S. 1913
  8. Indian Civil Service (Retired) Association
  9. Commonwealth booklet: The Memorial Tablet in Westminster Abbey commemorating the work of the Civil Services in India 1858-1947.
  10. J.M.E. The story of the Frontier Province, Peshawar, 1922
  11. Moore, William (Sir) A manual of family medicine and hygiene for India. 7th ed. London, 1903.
  12. Niblett, L.H. Flashlights of India past and present. Privately printed, Allahabad, 1930.
  13. Stebbing, E.P. Jungle by-ways in India: leaves from the notebook of a sportsman and a naturalist. London, 1911.
  14. Swabey, Aida M. The Chief Commissioner, London (1910)
  15. Travers, .John Sahib-Log London, 1910
  16. Trego Webb, W. Indian lyrics. Calcutta, 1884


(H.J. Frampton)

Assessment report of Pargana Fatehabad, District Agra, by H.J. Frampton. Government Press, United Provinces, Allahabad, 1929.

Assessment report of Pargana Nanpara, Bahraich District, 1931.

Rent-rate report of Pargana Nanpara, District Bahraich, by H.J. Frampton. Government Press, Allahabad, 1931.

Rent-rate report of Pargana Fatehabad, Tahsil Fatehabad, District Agra, by H.J. Frampton. Government Press, Allahabad, 1928.

Rent-rate report of Pargana Charda, District Bahraich, by H.J. Frampton. The Superintendent, Printing and Stationery, United Provinces, Allahabad, 1932.

Confidential report on political and other conditions in the United Provinces. March 1945 - November 1946.


Given by R.W. Franklin, Indian Police.

Burma: 1920 - 1932

Microfilm 63

  1. 'A Burma Bobby' by A. Meer-Nemo (R.W. Franklin)
    • Joined Indian Police in 1920; chose Burma.
    • Mandalay for training. Posted to Taungdwingyi. Describes journey there by Irrawaddy Mail and Ferry steamers, past Pagan, Yenangyaung, Magwe, Minbu, and by road to Taungdwingyi - Describes bungalow. Various anecdotes. Describes structure of government. Transferred to Taunggyi in the Southern Shan States.
    • Describes the States, the Shans and Karens, and their history. The Was. Food, and customs connected with Inlé Lake dwellers. Elephants travelling by raft. Divisional Commissioners durbar described. Visit of Prince of Wales - Franklin responsible for policing the Wild Tribes Camp.
    • Amusing incidents at ceremonial occasions.
    • Sayings, metaphors and language, animals, names, nicknames and songs.
    • Shooting and guardian spirits
    • Games - including chinlon
    • Ponies and horses owned
    • Buddhist monk's funeral.
    • Servants and household.
    • Pets kept - amusing and awkward incidents.
    • Historical miscellanea. Various crimes and criminals.
    • Life of police officer in Rangoon: description and anecdotes.
    • The Chinese in Rangoon - characteristics - gambling dens.


Small Collections Box 10

(Mrs. E. Fraser)

Extract from the Rangoon Gazette Weekly Budget, 14 December 1936.

Lecture on the 'First Anglo-Burmese war' by W.S. Desai.

Book presented:

The voice of young Burma. Rangoon, 1922.


Small Collections Box 10

(John Fraser)

An article by John Fraser entitled 'Some Pre-Mutiny Photograph Portraits' from the autumn issue of the Journal of the Army Historical Research Society. 1980. 14pp.


Major General Sir Henry F.E. Freeland, K.C.I.E., C.B., D.S.O., M.V.O.

Given by Mrs Phyllis Nicholls.

Microfilm: No. 71.

In the form of a diary in three volumes entitled 'Diary of a Suffering Miner'. Freeland went to India in 1893 and was an engineer employed on Military Works Services. The diary covers the period of the Chittral Campaign in 1895 where he worked under Aylmer with 4th Coy. Bengal Sappers and Miners. Volume 2 is May-August 1895 constructing a waterway at Drosh Fort and Volume 3 covers July, August and September 1895 on the construction of the suspension bridge at Chittral.

At the beginning there is a biography of Major General Freeland that appeared in the Royal Engineers Journal, (n.d.). The diaries are detailed accounts of his work and life and are interspersed with hand-drawn sketches.


Given by Miss T. Frost. 100 ff.

Box 1

  1. Three Reader Primers in Urdu.
  2. Teach yourself Urdu in two months by Professor Aziz-ur-Rahman, published by Azizis Oriental Book Depot, Karachi.
  3. Pamphlet: The Indian Demand and British Policy ? Correspondence between Mahatma Gandhi and the Viceroy. From the India League February 1943.
  4. A Picture of India; the History, People and Government by Edwin Howard, published by India - Burma Association 1946.
  5. British Contributions to Persian Studies by Arthur J. Arberry, published by Longmans, Green & Co. Ltd.

Official Government Papers: Hansard, etc.

  1. India Round Table Conference: 12 November 1930 - 19 January 1931. (Sub-Committees' Reports; Conference Resolution; and Prime Minister's Statement). Cmd. 3772.
  2. Parliamentary Debates. House of Commons. Vol. 301 No. 90, 8 May 1935, including Government of India Bill.
  3. India and the War. Statement issued by the Governor-General of India on 17 October 1939. Cmd. 6121.
  4. Parliamentary Debates. House of Commons. Vol. 433 No. 53, 20 February 1947.
  5. Parliamentary Debates. House of Commons. Vol. 433 No. 52, 19 February 1947.
  6. India Statement, published by the Government of India, on: The Congress Party's responsibility for the Disturbance in India 1942-43. Cmd. 6430.
  7. Report of a Committee set up to consider certain correspondence between Sir Henry McMahon and the Sharif of Mecca in 1915 and 1916. March 16, 1939. Cmd. 5974.
  8. East India (Constitutional Reforms). Despatches from Provincial Governments in India containing proposals for Constitutional Reform. November 1930. Cmd. 3712.
  9. Spoken Urdu by Khalil-Azizi, published by Azizis Oriental Book Depot Karachi.
  10. Domestic Hindustani by Lt. Col. D.C. Phillott, published by Kegan Paul, Trench Trubner & Co. Ltd.
  11. The Handbook of Pakistan printed by Pakistan Publications, Karachi.
  12. Pamphlet: Language Primer in Urdu.
  13. Guidebook to Lahore, by Nadir H. Wankadia.
  14. TS of lectures given in Madras on Islam by Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall, delivered at Madras in January 1927.
  15. Papers relating to Choudhary Rahmat Ali (1897-1951) given by Miss T. Frost who was Mr Rahmat Ali's Secretary during part of his career in Britain. Much of Mr Rahmat Ali's working life was spent in the U.K.


  1. Pamphlets written by Rahmat Ali and published by the Pakistan National Movement:
    • The Greatest Betrayal.
    • Now or Never. Are we to live or perish for ever?
    • Islamic Fatherland and Indian Federation.
    • What does the Pakistan National Movement stand for?
    • The Pakistan National Movement and the British Verdict on India.
    • The Greatest Betrayal.
    • The Millat and her Minorities. Foundation of Nasaristan for Muslims of E. Ceylon.
    • The Millat and her Minorities. Foundation of Safiistan for Muslims of W. Ceylon.
    • The Millat and her Minorities. Foundation of Muinistan for Muslims of Rajistan.
    • The Millat and her Minorities. Foundation of Haideristan for Muslims of Hindoostan.
    • The Millat and her Minorities. Foundation of Siddiqistan for Muslims of Central India.
    • The Millat and her Minorities. Foundation of Maplistan for the Muslims of S. India.
    • The Millat and her Ten Nations. Foundation of the All-Dinia Milli Movement.
    • India. The Continent of Dinia or the Country of Doom.
    • The Millat and the Mission.
    • Pakistan or Pastan? Destiny or Disintegration?
  2. Duplicate copies of pamphlets in 1. above. 6 items.
  3. Correspondence of Miss Frost about Mr Rahmat Ali. 10 ff.
  4. Copy of Rahmat Ali's Will dated 19 July 1940.
  5. Portrait photograph of Rahmat Ali.
  6. Miscellaneous newspapers and cuttings.
  7. Proof copy of a pamphlet on Rahmat Ali by Khan A. Ahmad. The Founder of Pakistan: Through Trial to Triumph. Drafts of portions of the pamphlet.
  8. Ephemera. 3 cards.
  9. Memoir by Miss Frost of Mr Rahmat Ali dated 8 April 1989. 2ff.


Small Collections Box 10

Memoir 'Lucky Child' covering Miss Fyson's childhood in India.

Marjory Fyson was the second daughter of Hugh and Margaret Fyson. She was born in 1910 in Lowick Vicarage, Ulverston, Lancashire but her mother returned with the new baby to Jullundur in Punjab where Hugh Fyson was an I.C.S. officer. After a period of home leave in 1912 they returned, via Karachi, to Kulu where her father had been posted. There are descriptions of the journey to Kulu (there was no road); travelling in doolies; rest-houses; the scenery. Life at Osborne House meant snowy winters and touring with her father in the warmer weather as he was responsible for a vast area in this remote region. Her parents not only taught their children the usual lessons but passed on their own enthusiasm for the natural history of the area. Back at Kulu they were visited by Sir Michael ODwyer, Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab.

They visited Dalhousie in 1917 and then moved on to Lahore where Marjory was ill and had her tonsils and adenoids taken out. They moved yet again - this time to Kasur where they stayed at the house once occupied by Flora Annie Steel. In 1918 the family returned to England travelling home 'the wrong way', via Singapore, Japan, Canada and New York. Back home Marjory went to boarding school in the Wirral and with the Armistice her mother returned to India. She remained at school until 1927 when she rejoined her parents who by now were at Ambala. She describes a busy social life with officers of the Royal Artillery and the Royal Welch Fusiliers. The hot weather was spent a Kasauli from where a walking tour back to Kulu was arranged.

In 1929 Marjory's father retired from the I.C.S. and she returned with her family to England.

In the 1950s she went back to Karachi first, for three years, and then to Lahore where she spent twelve years working for the Society for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge. 30pp. and 7 photographs.