Centre of South Asian Studies


Handlist of Papers - C


Given by Air Commodore CS Cadell

Xerox copies

An historic outline of the George Smith Bounty (Fordyce Academy), by Dr. A.A. Cormack, Aberdeen. February 1952. The interest of the pamphlet lies in the fact that the Bounty which started in 1801, financed bursaries at Fordyce Academy, Banff, the money being provided from George Smith's trade and business in India, for the East India Company.

The Memorial (1811) of George Cadell, late Captain in the 12th Regiment Native Infantry, on the Madras Establishment, and late Town-Major of Seringapatam, to the Honourable the Court of Directors of the East India Company against a charge of 'mutiny and sedition ... which took place in the fort and garrison of Seringapatam, on and betwixt the 30th day of July last, and the 23rd following; during which period the garrison fired upon the troops of his Majesty those of the Company, and their ally the Rajah of Mysore, and seized on the public treasury ... Fort St. George, 25 October 1809.'

Five letters to Colonel Cadell from the surgeon at Cannanore (Malabar District, Madras) and Seringapatam (Mysore District, Mysore) in 1837. The signature been cut out in each letter.

Cannanore, 19 March 1837. Insurrection in Coorg; troop movements round Mangalore.

Cannanore, 28 April 1837. Dewan Bapoo in skirmishes; liberates Dr. & Mrs. Palmer, captives of the rebels; further army skirmishes.

Cannanore, 5 May 1837. 'The game of war in Canara is now over' - consequences; discussion of tactics; mentions a Captain Lewin.

Seringapatam, 6 May 1837. Conflict between civil and military authority; consequence of insurrections; army gossip.

Cannanore, 18 May 1837. Incident of an officer killing a sepoy and striking, others; consequences; rebel bands still about.


Bequeathed by Dr (Thomas George) Percival Spear. Received through the good offices of Mr Prowse.

  1. Minute Book of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi (Cambridge Committee) covering the years 1930-42. The Committee appears to have met several times a year in this period, most usually in the early part of each year. The first folios of the Minute Book contain a list of the dates of members' elections to the Committee between 1908 and 1939. 98ff
  2. Brochure entitled Cambridge - Delhi, 1877-1977 giving a brief history of the work of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi. 6pp.


Given by Mrs. K. Cameron

Bombay, Burma, Malay 1842.

TS copy of A Voyage to the Far East in 1842: the journal and letters of Robert Binning.

Greenock to Liverpool on board the Admiral. Train from Liverpool at 7 p.m. arriving London 5.30 a.m. Stays at the Euston Hotel - very good. Describes seeing the sights of London. Leaves for Southampton and embarks on the Great Liverpool and sails on 2 April 1842.

Describes voyage and passengers - Indian Army and East India Company men. Food and wine extremely plentiful.

Gibraltar; Malta, Alexandria, Suez, Aden, described in considerable detail.

Arrives Bombay 12 May 1842. Describes people in bazaar. Remarks on toddy, and the amount of iced wine available. Stays five days and then by ship the Henry Duncan to Calcutta.

Remarks on sailors and drink - Notes a good deal about the native Indians in Bombay. Other comments on European life.

Calcutta: arrives 30 May. Describes the approach and the city. Comments on society. Describes a typical day.

Decides to go to Moulmein.

No further letters until Penang 30 September 1842. Difference between natives of Burma and Malay, and Indians. Comments on the enterprise and enlightenment of the Chinese.


Given by Sir Guy Campbell, Bt.

U.P.: 1848-1861

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(F. Canning)

Small Collections Box 5


  1. Various photographs from Naini Tal about 1910: one group - U.P. Boathouse 1904; six views of Naini Tal; one view of Talli Tal Bazaar; five interior photographs of Government House.
  2. Pindari Glacier 1912 - U.P.
  3. View of Snows: Ranikhet Cantonment Forests 1917.
  4. Gohna Tal and Trisul - 1964.
  1. 'Working plan of 1917 for the Ranikhet Cantonment Forests', by F. Canning, I.F.S. Allahabad, 1919.
  2. 'Annual Progress Report of Forest Administration in Uttar Pradesh (India) for the year 1961-62.' TS bound.

Photograph album:

Coopers Hill 1901, 1903.

I.F.S. U.P. Kheri Forest Division, Bahravih Forest Division, Keri Forest Division, Keri Forest Division, Shoots.

Famine hay working.

Books presented:

100 years of Indian forestry, 1861-1961. 2 vols, and maps. Dehra Dun, Forest Research Institute, 1961.

Uttar Pradesh forest administration: one hundred years, 1861-1961. Lucknow 1961.


Given by H. H. Carleston

Small Collections Box 6

Madras 1931 - 1947.

  1. Report on the Laccadives and Minicoy Islands: 22 pp.

  2. Government of Madras: Revenue Department. G.O. No.1716 10 August 1931 - Islands - Laccadives - Inspection - 1931 - Report - Orders passed.
    Containing: Letter from H.H. Carleston, Island Inspecting Officer, Malabar to the Collector of Malabar, dated Calicut, 9th April 1931.
    Letter from M.R. Ry. S. Ramaswami, Supervisor, P.W.D. to the Island Inspecting Officer, Malabar.
    Endorsement by the Collector: E.C. Wood.
    Comment by the Government on the Inspection, signed by H.R. Pate, Secretary to the Government.
  3. TS Letter from the President, Ernad Taluk Board, about Education in Ernad Taluk.
  4. TS copy of letter from H.H. Carleston, Collector of Chittoor, to the Secretary of the Board of Revenue, Madras, 12 September, 1938, regarding the position (caste) etc., of the village artisans in Chittoor District:- Washerman; Barber; Blacksmith and Carpenter; Potter, Purokit and Panchangi; Cobbler.
  5. TS copy of letter from H.H. Carleston, Sub-Collector, Malappuram 3 April, 1934, to the Collector of Malabar, Calicut on the Jamabandy Settlement - Fasli 1342 - Wallurand Taluk - Attapady Valley - Special features - report. Tribes: Irulars and Mudugas: 8pp. and 3pp. on cultivation figures and anti malarial prescriptions. Sketch map of Attappadi Amsom 7.4.1934.
  6. Programme for Trooping the School Colour by the Lawrence Memorial Royal Military School, Lovedale, Nilgiris, South India, 6 September, 1947.
Contains brief history of the School and photographs.


'India, my appointed place': an account of Mary Carpenter's four journeys to India by Norman C. Sargant. Typescript.

Norman Sargant was Bishop of Mysore 1950-72.

Mary Carpenter, 1807-1877, became well known for her work on behalf of deprived and delinquent children in Victorian England. She was devoted to her father, a Unitarian Minister, and to Raja Ram Mohan Roy whom she came to know well in his visits to England. Her early life was spent as a teacher and she became interested in Reform Schools and worked hard for their establishment. She recognised the need to train teachers, particularly women teachers, in India and during the last ten years of her life she made four visits to the subcontinent. Her ideal of liberal, Christian training establishments with women teachers met with only partial success, but she undoubtedly sowed the seeds of reform in education, prisons and factory employment in many of the cities she visited - Ahmadabad, Surat, Bombay, Poona, Calcutta and Madras.

In 1870 she founded the National Indian Association in England to improve knowledge of native affairs in India and to promote reform in cooperation with enlightened Indians.

The Journal of the Indian Association which started in January 1871 continued publication until 1933. 163pp.


(M.O. Carter)

Small Collections Box 6

MS and TS memoirs, Chittagong District:

'Bose Bros.' pp. 1-2

'The political situation 1942-43.' pp. 3-4

'Ode to Fazlal Huq.' p. 4

'The 1943 famine.' pp. 5-6

'C'est la guerre 1944' (capture of Akyab-Chittagong), p. 7

'Trouble in 1946' (mention of Gandhi p.13). pp. 8-13

'Introduction of air survey in Bengal.' pp. 14-15

Material received later:

'Customs of the people.' pp. 1-2

Poem: 'The Mong, the Bohmong, and the Chakma.'

'European social life.' pp. 1-3

Poem: 'Calcutta - January 1943.'


(Major W.H. Carter)

Small Collections Box 6

1 photograph album of photos of Chittagong, Kuki punitive expedition, Nepal, Kashmir, army life, Imphal.

TS Report of Sessions Trial No. 2 of 6th Session 1922 in the court of the Additional Sessions Judge Bakarganj-Bengal: Emperor vs Saheruddi. Charge to the jury. W.H. Carter, 4 July 1922. 21 pp.

Letter in Pitman's shorthand from W.H. Carter (Captain and Adjutant 3rd Assam Rifles, Imphal) from Tamenglon, Manipur State, to his brother in Liverpool. With transliteration. 9 April 1919.

Map of Bengal.

Driving licence, Chittagong, 1921.

Books presented:

Holderness, Sir T.W. 'Peoples and problems of India.' (n.d. but probably 1911.)

Marsham, John Clark. Abridgement of the history of India from the earliest period to the present time. New ed. with map. 1893.

Bahadur, Rai Nibaron Chandra Dasgupta. The practice and profession of law ... with a 'Foreword' by W.H. Carter. Calcutta, 1926.


(Mrs. P. Cartwright)

Small Collections Box 6

Rajputana; Punjab; Baluchistan

TS: Notes on life in India from 1910 - 1919 and 1928 - 1932. 10pp.

Childhood memories 1914, Forest bungalow, Bikaner for Christmas shoot.

Jodhpur, Mt. Abu and Simla where her mother started a school; arrival of first aeroplane at Annandale.

Kohat: remembers murder of Colonel and Mrs. Foulkes. Left in 1919 and returned to England.

Returned in 1928 aged 18 and went with parents to Baluchistan and Pishin and Chaman. Brief remembrance of eccentric Lady Harrington in Quetta. Social life.

Memories are slight and concentrated ? of a girlhood in an alien but ghetto surroundings.


Lent by the Earl Cathcart

Xerox copies

2 MSS volumes, bound, containing statistical material on America and Canada; an account of the East India Company's exports from Michaelmas to Michaelmas, and number of ships employed, covering the years 1763-64; 1764-65; 1765-66; 1766-67; 1767-68; 1768-69; 1769-70; 1770-71.

`A true copy of the Report to the Earl of Mornington, Governor, General in Council of the H.E.I.C. on the commerce of the Burma Empire', made by Hiram Cox, Captain of Infantry, Resident at Ranghong, (written at) Calcutta, September 15, 1798. 50 pp. foolscap, 18 pp. of tables and 31 of appendices on method of manufacture of various commodities, including an account of the petroleum wells in the Burmha Dominions.


Letter from Sir Samuel Hoare to Dr. K. Pickthorne about the Indian demands in the Constitution and how they are to be met. London, 17 June, 1931; found in a copy of the Simon Report 1930, given by Prof. A. Robinson to the Library of the Centre of South Asian Studies.


Given by Lady Champion

U.P. Punjab. 1925 - 1939

Xerox copies of Letters written by Mrs. Cunliffe Parsons, Lady Champion's mother when she visited her daughter in the U.P. January-June 1932. Lady Champion's husband was (Sir) Harry Champion, at that time Deputy Conservator of Forests, U.P.

5 letters from Lady Champion's mother, Mrs. Cunliffe Parsons, wife of Lt. Gen. C. McN. Parsons, R.M.L.I. from the Forest House Dehra Dun inc. graphic description of crossing Ganges on an elephant. 1932.

Xerox TS extracts from 5 letters written by Lady Champion to her mother in England from the U.P. December 1925-26.

27.12.25 Chilla. Landsdowne Div. U.P. Journey to Rikhikesh. A Christmas Camp. Crossing the Ganges on sarnais. Excellent description of countryside. Dehra Dun. Hardwar. Mussoorie, Rajpur. Sketch of river crossing.

26. 1.26. The Chestnuts, Chandbagh, Dehra Dun. Description of social life.

4. 2.26. Wedding. Dehra Week: social events.

9. 2.26. Same as above.

20. 4.26. Daliar Plantation, Nr. Lahore, Punjab. First Kulu tour. Daily life on tour. Inspection of plantation at Changa Manga.

20 letters, 14.4.26 - 18.6.28 of tours made with her husband in Kulu and Chakrata, and social life in Simla and Dehra Dun - Describes in detail countryside.

4. 9.28. Letter from Harold Champion to his mother-in-law. Chakrata U.P. Description of Forestry Service work:

1. Silviculture. Construction. Maintenance. Management.

2. Forest Utilisation. Forest Economist, Botanist - Entomologist.

10 letters relating to tours in Kashmir, Upper Bashahr, Sutlej Valleys, Rupin Pass etc., 29.10.29 - 14.6.30. From Lady Champion to her mother.

11 letters describing camp life near Darjeeling, social life, car journey to Calcutta; touring U.P. 1932 - 1938.

16 letters descriptive of life in India 14.3.38 - 18.12.38. Shooting crocodile and tiger, fishing, Christmas camp - Contrasts U.P. with Punjab.

See also: Tape-recordings


Donated by Lady Chapman.

Small Collections Box 6

Lady Chapman's father (Captain H. Allcard) went out to India as a Public Works engineer in 1913 when she was five and served until 1915 in Sind, Quetta and Meerut. Between 1931 and 1933 Lady Chapman visited her brother-in-law and sister in Western India.

Xeroxed copy of letter from Lady Chapman's maternal grandmother, Mrs Harry Molyneux Carter, to her daughter Beryl, describing their silver wedding preparations in Karachi in August 1896. 11 ff.

Memoir by Lady Chapman British India Recollected':

This memoir is divided into two to correspond with the two phases of Lady Chapman's Recollections. She explains that she grew up in a family with many Indian connections and mementos so it came as no surprise to be told as a child that the family were to go to India. Her memories of the first visit are vivid and detailed. She describes the preparations for the journey and the clothes that were selected for India. There is a full account of the journey out on the 'India' - an elderly ship plagued by ants. Descriptions follow of the bungalows in Sind, Quetta and Meerut and of the Chapmans' life and outings. Her mother was particularly solicitous of the family's health.

Lady Chapman considers the life of a Service 'Memsahib' before World War I was not entirely enviable. Few opportunities existed for the more intellectually able women who were often posted to remote stations where there were constant anxieties over family health. There were few contacts with ordinary Indians but the concept of racism, as known today, was not evident.

By 1931 there were considerable differences in the clothes that were taken to India and of routine on board the ship. Once in India, social life and mobility had improved because of the advent of the motor car and there was more mingling with Indians. Lady Chapman describes life and social events, such as horse racing, in Bombay and Poona. In summer visits were made to the hill station of Mahabaleshwar. Lady Chapman and her sister had a final season in a bungalow at Pali Hill, Bombay.

Lady Chapman concludes that in the 1930s the life of a Memsahib was very much easier than before and many women were able to return to their children in England during the summer. However for many who lived outside the big cities, life remained narrow, not to say idle. The attitudes of many Europeans towards Indians had not basically changed. 45pp.


Papers of John Alexander Chapman (Librarian of the Imperial Library Calcutta 1911-1930). (Recatalogued on accession of new material given by Mrs. M. Craig, the daughter of J. A. Chapman).

Given by G.D.M. Bullard, and Mrs. M. Craig.

India general:

Box I

Three TS bound volumes of a journal/log book/miscellany, typed on the back of the galley proofs of Denison Ross's Both Ends of the Candle which includes memoirs of India, and other literary figures of the era (1930s) in India. No date. (See Box VI).

Two volumes bound TS of letters to Dora Ross, 1911-39.

Denison and Dora Ross (parts of unfinished books) TS bound, no date, but post 1943.

Nobody's letters to F.G.E. and M.G.N. (Chapman's sisters) TS, bound, 1936-43. Three volumes.

Box II

Ten volumes of quotations, comments., etc. indexed in pencil at the end of each volume, but the index is not alphabetical.

Miscellaneous offprints, etc.
The Asiatic Review, July 1949: Literary India II The religious poetry of India by Dr. Ranjee G. Shahani.
Three letters from E.H.W. Meyerstein to J. A. Chapman, 1940.
14 fascicles of TS - literary journal, and diary of bird-watching.


The Epic of Islam:

Book One: Arabia and Mecca. Privately printed 1950. (A second copy)

Book Two: Judaism and Islam. Privately printed 1950. (Preface and poem).

Book Three: Muhammed in Mecca, TS 1953

Book Four: Muhammed in Medina (bound together with Book Three)

Book Five: Hazrat 'Ali. TS 25pp.

Book Six: Karbala. Privately printed 1950.

The Last Book: TS Bound, 107pp, 1950.

Poems, by J.A.C. Calcutta, 1905. Denison Ross's copy.

TS Poems, 34pp.

4 TS articles and poems, and 1 MS trans.

Box IV

Printed Books by J. A. Chapman (see list of books)

Box V

  1. War, Poems, by J. A. Chapman. Savile Press 1951.
  2. War, TS proof of 21.
  3. War, TS proof of 21 with additional material mostly from Dante.

  4. TS Notebooks and books:
  5. Dante and Milton.
  6. Poems n.d.
  7. Hopkins, a commentary, 1951.
  8. Persephone, 1953 (a poem).
  9. Reading, 1956.
Box VI

29 and 30. A French Commonplace Book I and II.

  1. a. Both Ends of the Candle, the autobiography of Sir E. Denison Ross, with a foreword by Lawrence Binyon. London, Faber & Faber, 1943.

  2. b. TS. A critical commentary on Denison Ross's autobiography (31a) by J. A. Chapman. 137pp.
  3. Supplement to the Catalogue of the Persian MSS in the Oriental Public Library at Bankipore (Volume II) by Manlavi Abdul Muqtadir Khan Bahadur. Patna, Government Printing, Bihar and Orissa, 1933.


  1. MS notebook of quotations entitled This English Language, by J. A. Chapman.
34 and 35. Two MS notebooks entitled 'D's diary U.S.A.' (Diary of visit to U.S.A. by Dora Ross). n.d.
  1. TS parody on the Athanasian Creed entitled 'The Triarchic Faith', about the Government of India. 3pp.
  2. In his own country: an Anglo-Indian play in one act, by E. A. Horne, n.d.
  3. The political system of British India with special reference to the recent constitutional changes by E. A. Horne (Indian Educational Service), Oxford 1922.
  4. TS Article on Sayyid Abu Muhammad. 18pp, n.d.
  5. TS Persian and Indian poems by J. A. Chapman, 1934 and 1937.
  6. Christus Natus Est, published by author J. A. Chapman at the Imperial Library, Metcalfe Hall, Calcutta, 1923.
  7. a & b. Religious Lyrics of Bengal by John Alexander Chapman. The Book Co., College Square, Calcutta, 1926 (2 copies).
  8. Address by Dr. W. A. Jenkins, Vice-Chancellor, at the Annual Degree Convocation of the University of Dacca, 4 December 1955. 15pp.
  9. Address by Dr. W. A. Jenkins, Vice-Chancellor, University of Dacca ... at the 8th Pakistan Science Congress, 16 January 1956. 10pp.
  10. Poems, by Henry Martin, Peshawar, 1929.
  11. Poems, by Henry Martin, Peshawar, 1930.
  1. File marked: 'Eastern Poetry', containing 43 articles, reviews, letters, etc. ranging from 'The cultural root of the revolutionary and terrorist movement in India', to 'Hafiz, and Malherbe', 'The Poetic East', 'Mahatma Gandhi' and 'The Literary Approach to India' and 'Modern Indian Poetry'. 343pp.
  2. File marked: 'Letters from Nabboo' (being the Mohommad Amir Haider Khan, brother of the Raja of Mahmudabad) from Lucknow and London. Also contains J. A. Chapman's further notes on Eastern poetry and Islam, and 'Naboo's' comments. 568pp.
  3. File marked: 'Gleanings Dora' but containing copies of obituary notices, some written by J. A. Chapman for Professor V. Barthold; Henry Beveridge; Professor E. G. Browne; M. Henri Cordier; Lord Curzon; Dr. T. W. Rhys Davids; Robert Scott Greenshields; de Stael Holstein; D. S. Margoliouth; F.W.K. Muller; Professor Meillet; Dr. F. Rosen; M. Emile Senart: Guy Le Strange.

(Box 4, No.29)

TS. 'A poet in India'

This is in the nature of a commonplace book, compiled while Librarian at Imperial Library in Calcutta. Consists of quotations of and meditations and thoughts on Indian and English poetry and prose, and Christianity and Hinduism.

Notes on: his book Christus Natus Est - a reply to Lady Mayo's book - comments. A number of explanations of Hindu and Buddhist mystical and philosophical terms.

The Rajakumar Sahib of Mahmudabad. The effect of Indian literature on Europe and America. The wrong things have been translated. Comments on what has been translated and the translators. Charles Russell; Edward Fitzgerald; Cowell; K. K. Chatterji; Dr. Gilbert Carter. Comments on translation of poetry, particularly Eastern poetry, and its reception in the West. Comments on the Princes. Sayyid Abu Muhammad. Denison Ross. Lord Hailey and the vernacular literature of India. Comments on the makers of Pakistan. Further history of his attempt to interest England in the vernacular literatures of India. The British Council in India. Notes on: Persian poetry; B. S. Mitter; Educational Service; Sunni Muslims. Attitude towards British rule in India - his own and by Indians; race-prejudice; the Copyright Act.

Ends abruptly.


(Lady Chatterjee, widow of Sir Atul Chandra Chatterjee)

Books presented:

Allan, J., Wolseley Haig, T. and Dodwell, H.H. The Cambridge shorter history of India. Cambridge, 1934.

Angel, T. 'Guldasta-I-Shujaet or life of Lieutenant Colonel John Baptist.' MS & TS.

Arberry, A.J. The library of the India Office; a historical sketch. London, 1938.

Association of Women's Institutes in Ceylon. Twenty-second annual report. 1951-1952.

Ayyar, C.P.V. Town planning in ancient Dekkan. Madras, 1916.

Barnett, L.D. The heart of India; sketches in the history of Hindu religion and morals. London, 1913.

Bernier, F. Travels in the Mogul Empire, A.D. 1656-1668. ... 2nd ed. London, 1914.

'The Bhagavad-Gita'. Sanskrit text, with free translation into English ... London, 1905.

Bhandarkar, R.G. Early history of the Dekkan down to the Mahomedan conquest 2nd ed. Bombay, 1895.

Bhargava, B. Indigenous banking in ancient and medieval India. Bombay, 1934

Bible. New Testament. The New Testament in the Marathi language. London, 1864

Birdwood, G.C.M. Sva. Edited by F.H. Brown. London, 1915

Broughton, G.M. Labour in Indian industries. London, 1924.

Brown, P. Indian architecture (Buddhist and Hindu periods.) Bombay, n.d.

Brown, P. Indian painting. Calcutta, n.d.

Buckland, C.E. Dictionary of Indian biography. London, 1906.

Burgess, J. The chronology of modern India for four hundred years from the close of the fifteenth century, AD 1494-1894. Edinburgh, 1913.

Burnett-Hurst, A.R. Labour and housing in Bombay .... London, 1925.

Caldecott, R.M. The Life of Berber, Emperor of Hindostan. London, 1844.

Chakravarti, H.L. Elements of Hindu law for students. 16th ed. Calcutta, 1929.

Chatterjee, A.C. The new India. London, 1948.

Chaturvedi, S.N. An educational survey of a district .... Allahabad, 1935.

Clark, W.E. Indian conceptions of immortality. Cambridge, Mass., 1934.

Clow, A.G. The Indian Workmen's Compensation. Act (VIII of 1923). 2nd ed. Allahabad, 1924.

Clow, A.G. The state and industry .... Calcutta, 1928.

Das, R.K. 'Child labour in India.' Reprinted from International Labour Review Vol. XXVIII no. 6 and Vol. XXIX no. 1. Geneva, 1934.

Das, R.K. 'Woman labour in India.' Reprinted from International Labour Review Vol. XXIV nos. 4-5. Geneva, 1931.

Day, L.B. Folk tales of Bengal. London, 1912.

Durai, J.C. and Miles, G.E. Questions and answers in Hindu and Mahommedan law. London, 1935.

Famine Inquiry Commission. Report on Bengal. 1945.

Fergusson, J. History of Indian and Eastern architecture. 2 vols. New York, 1891.

'The Filose family of Gwalior.' Xerox copy, n.d.

Ganguli, S. Essays and criticisms; being a collection of articles selected from ... the Calcutta Review ... the Modern Review and the Presidency College Magazine. London, 1927.

Gedge, E.C. and Choksi, M. eds. Woman in modern India. Bombay, 1929.

Ghose, A.C. The principles of Anglo-Mohammedan Law. 4th ed. Calcutta, 1927.

Ghose, M. Love-songs and elegies. London, 1898.

Gidvani, M.M. Shah Abdul Latif. London, 1922.

Gopal, M.E. Mauryan public finance. London, 1935.

Government of India Act, 1935 ... London, H.M.S.O., 1940.

Gradmann, B. Indische Miniaturen. Berne, 1949.

Gupta, J.N. Life and works of Romesh Chunder Dutt. London, 1911.

Gupta, S.C.D. An easy Indian history for the young. 3rd ed. rev. Dacca, 19:

'H.C.' A brief survey of Indian history from the earliest times to the present day. Calcutta, 1936

Halifax, E. The Indian problem. London, 1942.

A handbook for travellers in India, Burma and Ceylon; including all British India, the Portuguese and French possessions, and the protected native States. 10th ed. London, 1920.

Harris, F.R. Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata: a chronicle of his life. London, 1925.

Hartog, M. India in outline. Cambridge, 1944.

Hartog, M. Living India. London, 1935.

Hartog, P. Some aspects of Indian education past and present. London, 1939.

Haward, E. A picture of India; its history, people and government. London, n.d.

Home, A. ed. Rammohun Roy, the man and his work. Calcutta, 1933.

Howard, H.F. India and the gold standard. Calcutta, 1911.

India. The constitution of India (as modified up to May 1st, 1955). Delhi, 1955.

India. Health survey and development committee. Survey. Vol. 1. Delhi, 1946.

India. Legislative department. The code of criminal procedure (Act V of 1898) as amended up to date. Edited by B.B. Mitra. 5th ed. Calcutta, 1926.

India. Legislative department. The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (Act No.I of 1872) as modified up to the lst July 1911. Calcutta, 1924

India. Railway department. Tourist map of India. n.d.

Indian and Pakistan year book. Vol. XXXI 1944-45; Vol. XXIV 1948. Bombay.

Ismail, M. My public life; recollections and reflections of Sir Mirza Ismail. London, 1954.


The Jayaji Pratap. 1. Birthday number, 1920; 2. 12 February 1925, 'The late Sardar Sir Michael Filose.'

Jevons, H.S. Money, banking and exchange in India. Simla, 1922.

Journal of the Indian Society of Oriental Art. Vol. I, 1933; vol. III, 1935; vol. IV, no. 1, June 1936.

Kabir. One hundred poems; ... translated by Rabindranath Tagore assisted by Evelyn Underhill. London, 1914.

Kalidasa. Sakuntala; prepared for the English stage by Kedar Nath Das Gupta in a new version written by Laurence Binyon, with an introductory essay by Rabindranath Tagore. London, 1920.

Kashi Tirth Sudhar Trust. Benares and its ghats. Benares, 1931.

Kaviraj, K. Chaitanya's life and teachings. Trans. into English by Jadunath Sarkar. 2nd ed. Calcutta, 1922.

Kisch, H.M. A young Victorian in India; letters ... edited by his daughter Ethel A. Waley Cohen .... London, 1957.

The Koran; commonly called the Alcoran of Mohammed; translated from the original Arabic ... by George Sale. 2 vols. London, 1825.

Kydd, J.C. compiler. A history of factory legislation in India. Calcutta, 1920.

Lane-Poole, S. Babar. Oxford, 1899.

Lokanathan, P.S. Industrial welfare in India. Madras, 1929.

MacNicol, M, ed. Poems by Indian women selected and rendered by various translators Calcutta, 1923..

MacNicol, N. Pandita Ramabai. London, 1926.

MacPhail, J.M. The story of the Santal; with an account of the Santal rebellion. Calcutta 8 Simla, 1922.

Malcolm, J. Sketches of Persia. Vol. 2. London, 1894.

Mann, E.H. Land and labour in a Deccan village. London, 1917.

Masani, R.P. The conference of the birds; a sufi allegory being an abridged version of Farid-ud-din Attar's Mantiq-ut-tayr. London, 1924.

Matheson, M.C. Indian industry yesterday, today and tomorrow. London, 1930.

Mayne, J.D. A treatise on Hindu Law and usage. rev. and ed. by V.M. Coutts Trotter. 9th ed. Madras, 1922.

Moreland, W.H. The agrarian system of Moslem India; a historical essay with appendices. Cambridge, 1929.

Moreland, W.H. The agriculture of the United Provinces; an introduction for the use of landholders and officials. Allahabad, 1904.

Moreland, W.H. From Akbar to Aurangzeb; a study in Indian economic history London, 1923.

Moreland, W.H. India at the death of Akbar; an economic study. London, 19

Moreland, W.H. ed. Relations of Golconda in the early seventeenth century; London, 1931.

Moreland, W.H. The revenue administration of the United Provinces. Allahabad. 1911.

Moreland, W.H. and Chatterjee, A.C. A short history of India. 4th ed. Lon 7.957.

Moreland, W.H. and Geyl, P. Jahangir's India; the 'Remonstrantie' of Francois Pelsaert. Cambridge, 1925.

Morley, Viscount J. Recollections. 2 vols. London, 1917.

Mulla, D.F. Principles of Hindu law. 6th ed. Bombay, 1929.

Mulla, D.F. Principles of Mohamedan Law. 9th ed. Bombay, 1929.

Nevill, H.R. Jaunpur: a gazetteer, being volume XXVIII of the District Gazetteers of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. Allahabad, 1908.

Oaten, E.F. European travellers in India during the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries .... London, 1909.

O'Malley, L.S.S. Popular Hinduism; the religion of the masses. Cambridge,

Palme Dutt, R. India today. London, 1940.

Panandikar, S.G. Industrial Labour in India. Bombay, 1933.

Pillai, P.P. India and the International Labour Organisation. Patna, 1931

The Presidency College Magazine. Vol. XXV, no. 2. Silver jubilee number edited by Nirmal Chandra Sen Gupta. Calcutta, 1939.

Ramachandra Rao, P.R. Decay of Indian industries. Bombay, 1935.

Ramakrishna, S. Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna (according to M. a son of the Lord and disciple). 2 vols. Madras, 1930.

Ranchhoddas, R. and Thakore, D.K. The Indian penal code. 11th ed. Bombay, 1926.

Ranchhoddas, R. and Thakore, D.K. The law of evidence; the Indian Evidence Act (I of 1872). 4th ed. Bombay, 1926.

Rangaswami Aiyangar, R.V. Some trends of modern public finance with reference to India. Madras, 1936.

Rathbone, E.F. Child marriage: the Indian Minotaur; an object lesson from the past to the future. London, 1934.

Rawlinson, H.G., ed. A garland of Indian poetry. London, 1946.

Ray, P.C. Life and experiences of a Bengali chemist. Calcutta, 1932.

Read, M. From field to factory; an introductory study of the Indian peasant turned factory hand. London, 1927.

The Reserve Bank of India Act. Act 12 of 1934 with notes and comments by A. Ramaiya. Madras, 1934.

Rhys Davids, T.W. Buddhist India. London, 1916.

Ridley, G. India; what now and what next? London, 1942.

Rolland, R. La vie de Ramakrishna. Paris, 1929.

Roy, R. Rammohun. English works . . . with an English translation of Tuhfatul Muwahhiddin. Allahabad, 1906.

Roy, R. Rammohun. Translation of the Cena Upanishad; one of the chapters of the Sama Veda .... Calcutta, 1816.

Roy, R. Rammohun. Translation of the Ishopanishad; one of the chapters of the Yajur Veda .... Calcutta, 1816.

Rushbrook-Williams, L.F. An empire builder of the sixteenth century; a summary account of the political career of Zahir-Ud-Din Muhammad surnamed Babur. London, 1918.

Rushbrook-Williams, L.F. 'India; an essay introductory to twelve broadcast talks, Fridays, April 10 - June 26.' London, n.d.

Sarkar, J. The India of Aurangzib (topography, statistics and roads) compared with the India of Akbar with extracts from the 'Khulasatu-T-Tawarikh' and the 'Chahar Gulshan' translated and annotated. Calcutta, 1901.

Sastri, P.S. Ramtanu Lahiri, Brahman and reformer; a history of the renaissance in Bengal. Edited by Sir Roper Lethbridge. London, 1907.

Saunders, K. A pageant of Asia; a study of three civilizations. London, 19

Saunders, K. ed. The heart of Buddhism; being an anthology of Buddhist verse. London, 1915.

Sen, P.K. From punishment to prevention. London, 1932.

Sen, P.K. The law of monopolies in British India. Calcutta, 1922.

Singh, S. The divine master; a study of the life and teachings of Sri Guru Nanak Dev. Lahore, 1930.

Strickland, C.F. The progress of rural welfare in India, 1934. London, 1934.

Sabbu Rao, N.S. Some aspects of economic planning. Bangalore, 1935.

Tagore, M.D. Autobiography. Translated from the original Bengali by S. Tagore and I. Devi. London, 1914.

Thompson, E.J. Rabindranath Tagore, his life and work. Calcutta, 1921.

Thompson, E.J. and Spencer, A.M. eds. Bengali religious lyrics. Sakta, selected and translated .... Calcutta, 1923.

Trevelyan, E.J. Hindu law as administered in British India. 2nd ed. rev. Calcutta, 1917.

Trevelyan, C.O. The competition wallah. 2nd ed. London, 1866.

Tulsi Das. The Ramayana of Tulsi Das. Translated from the original Hindi by F.S. Growse. vol. 1. 5th ed. Cawnpore, 1891.

Tyabji, F.B. Principles of Muhammadan law; an essay at a complete statement the personal law applicable to Muslims in British India. 2nd ed. Calcutta; 1919.

University Education Committee. Report. December 1948 - August 1949. Delhi, 1950

Urquhart, M.M. Women of Bengal; a study of the Hindu Pardanasins of Calcutta 2nd ed. Calcutta, 1926.

Vakil, K.H. At Ajanta. Bombay, 1929.

Varma, P. Crime, criminal and convict. Agra, 1963.


Lent by General Sir Philip Christison, Bart., G.B.E., C.B., D.S.O., M.C.

Microfilm Box 5 No. 36

Letters written during the mutiny by Alexander and Annie Christison, 1857:

2, 6, 7, 9, 11 June from Hattrass. Alexander to his father, describing progress and increase of the Mutiny; the fighting round Delhi; rumours and realities of killing; fears for his wife and child at Agra; descriptions of skirmishes with mutineers.

16 June, Hattrass, to his brother David. Containing news of massacre at Jhansi; rumours of mutiny at Cawnpore and Benares; the sepoys not the only enemies; removal of military power signal for anarchy among the people with village against village; accounts of the atrocities.

17 June. News of mutiny at Gwalior - women and children (including his own) said to be safe at Dholepore - no news from Delhi.

19 June, Agra. To Alec from Annie his wife, containing list of names of those saved and those killed at Gwalior; description of the night of the mutiny; gratitude to two faithful Indians; noble treatment by Maharajah (? of Gwalior); journey to Agra.

25 June, Hattrass. To Jack from Alec Christison, describing Annie's escape; women and children were spared, men were butchered; the destitution of those left; description of the people who were murdered; the Maharajah said to be playing with mutineers until he hears about Delhi.

29 June, Hattrass. Alec to his father describing Annie's flight; hopes for safety of Agra; no European regiments available for North. Delhi not yet fallen; hears every day from wife.

29 June, Agra. Annie to Alec's father, describing mutiny at Gwalior.

30 June, Agra. Annie to Alec, describing rumours of attack on Agra; news mutiny at Mynpoorie.

 July, Agra. Annie to Alec, written just before going into the Fort; she dreads the consequent lack of communication.

16 July, Fort of Agra. Alec to his father, containing a brief resume of events up to final mutiny of Regiment at Hattrass and Sasnee and the extraordinary anticlimax when they were escorted to Agra; found Annie and May; had pursued Kotah Contingent which had been allowed to enter Agra Fort and mutinied; fighting round the Fort (shahgung) and retreat into it a great error; numbers in the Fort - 5000; news of mutiny outside in Indore, Lucknow, Cawnpore.

1 August, Agra. Alec to brother David, containing an account of mutiny at Hattrass, and the failure of it; description of life in the Fort, and of the Fort itself; discussion of military position; Kotah Contingent.

11 August, the same. Defence measures described, but no enemy yet; bitterness over mutiny of 'our devoted sapoys'; discussion of mutiny, Sir Henry Lawrence and the Punjab - Christison approves strongly of the violent measures taken, so 'different below Delhi'; account of massacre of Cawnpore, description of Havelock's prowess, discussion of mutiny and home opinion; everything they possessed is lost; Annie to go to Calcutta; fears for future.

12 August, the same. News of disbandment of Bengal Army.

12 August, in continuation (by Annie). News of powder factory explosion at Delhi; Nicholson expected.

13 August, in continuation (from Alec). Posts still running; discussion of progress of mutiny; need for European troops; Lucknow; Cawnpore.

16 August, conclusion. Has been tending wounded.

19 & 21 August, Agra Fort. Alec to his sister Maria, describing Annie's illness; much sickness in Fort; the constant noise; undecided whether to go to Calcutta; Maharajah of Gwalior standing firm against troops who want to attack Agra.

25 August, Agra Fort. Alec to his father, concerning Annie's illness; he 1ooks after patients; punitive expeditions; Home Government not realizing; magnitude of disaster.


Small Collections Box 6

Papers of Baron Chorley of Kendal, relating to Lord Chorley's membership of the Parliamentary Delegation to India, 1946.

Given by the Hon. Mrs G. Goodwin.

  1. 22 December and 24 December 1945. From the India Office. Xeroxed memorandum issued by the Bureau of Public Information, Government of India, for the benefit of the Parliamentary Delegation, in form of brief precis of comments by Indian Leaders to the Press indicative of their attitudes to the Delegation. The leaders in question are: Pandit Nehru, Purshottam Das Tandon and Sir Maharaj Singh.
  2. 22 December 1945. Information Department, India Office. Xeroxed note for Delegation members with precis of comments made in Indian newspapers about the proposed Parliamentary Delegation.
  3. Official list of Guest Rooms in The Viceroy's House, New Delhi for the period from 5-7 January 1946.
  4. Official list, headed New Delhi, 1945-46, of telephone numbers of personnel working in Viceroy House, also other important numbers.
  5. Xeroxed sheet of notes: brief biographies of people attending the Delegation.
  6. List of guests invited to an unspecified 'At Home', held on 7 January 1946.
  7. Newspaper cutting from Hindustan Times, 9 January 1946; a photograph of the British Parliamentary Delegation to Delhi.
  8. A memorandum to Lord Chorley detailing the engagements for 8 January 1946.
  9. Second page of above memorandum.
  10. A typed list giving engagements on 10 January 1946.
  11. A typed list of engagements for 11 January 1946.
  12. Handwritten note, unsigned, on talk given by the Viceroy.
  13. Typed list, headed The Lord Chorley of Kendal, giving brief biographies of guests attending a party held on 7 January 1946.
  14. Invitation to Lord Chorley to a party on 12 January 1946 given by Sir Bertrand and Lady Glancy.
  15. Seating plan of Dinner given at Government House, Peshawar on 15 January 1946.
  16. Typed list, headed 18 January 1946 noting appointments on that day with leading Indian personalities in various fields.
  17. Timetable for Parliamentary Delegation for 18 and 19 January 1946.
  18. Dinner list, dated 18 January 1946 held at Government House.
  19. List compiled by Parliamentary Delegation of people interviewed in Mysore on 21 January 1946; list ranges from local dignitaries to businessmen and journalists.
  20. Biographical list of officials in Mysore State.
  21. Timetable of events in Madras on 25 January 1946.
  22. Envelope addressed to Lord Chorley, memo on back mentions a Dr Ananda Coomarasura.
  23. Newspaper cutting from The Mail, 24 January 1946, deals with the Delegations meeting with Gandhi.
  24. Tentative programme for weekend in Calcutta from 25-28 January 1946.
  25. A list, giving brief biographies, of leading non-officials representing different interests in Bengal who may be of interest to, or interested in, the Delegation.
  26. Dinner plan for 4 February 1946 attended by the Viceroy and members of the Delegation. (2 copies).
  27. Portion of notepad which makes references to terrorist activities in Bengal, mentions problems of running down the I.C.S. and refers to Trade Unions.


Mrs Madeleine Amy Churcher. She was the wife of Captain Douglas Wilfred Churcher of the 87th Royal Irish Fusiliers whom she had married in 1897. In 1902 Captain Churcher was appointed Deputy Assistant Adjutant General at Colombo and in the second half of 1904 he and Mrs Churcher visited his parents in Naini Tal.

Given by Lady Hart.

'Indian Impression or the Diary of our Indian Trip 1904' by Madeleine Amy Churcher. The diary is in the form of three handwritten albums with mounted photographs and original sketches. In addition a printed edition of the diary was privately published in 1982. The printed volume includes reproductions of some of the original photographs and sketches. A copy of the printed volume is included in the collection.

The diary begins with a brief description of Bombay and of Allahabad, Cawnpore and Lucknow. The writer then centres of Naini Tal and its environs where a good deal of walking and sporting activities took place including tiger shoots. The Churchers then had an extensive holiday in Kashmir and Poonch and, amongst other things, engaged in fishing expeditions and leopard shoots. In December 1904 they visited Rawalpindi, Delhi and Basti before embarking at Bombay in the early days of 1905.


(E.H.S. Clarke C.I.E.)

Edward Henry Scamander Clarke. Held various non-gazetted appointments in India from 1875; accompanied the Afghan Boundary Commission to the Herat frontier 1884-86 and was Assistant Political Secretary with the Kabul Mission of 1893; between 1894 and 1912 held various senior posts in the Foreign Department, Government of India.

Given by Brigadier F.S. Clarke

Four volumes (one bound, three unbound) of watercolour paintings dated 1885 and 1886 done on thick card 17" x 12" by unknown artist, collected during Herat Boundary Commission.

  1. Unbound volume of 48 plates depicting ornaments and jewelry and scenes of Uzbeqs, Sarik Turcomans etc.:
    • Ornaments and jewelry of Sarik Turcomans, numbers 25, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 40, 48.
    • Uzbeq ornaments, numbers 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65.
    • Herat ornaments, numbers 77, 79.
    • Sarik Turcoman artefacts and jewelry (including horse equipment ornament), numbers 112, 115, 116, 117, 118, 120, 121, 122.
    • Bamiran caves - copies from frescoes etc., numbers 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, bracelet 149.
    • 14 Watercolour and monochrome sketches forts, landscapes, Seistan, Oxus etc., unnumbered.
  2. Bound volume of 54 plates mainly depicting the costume of tribes such as: Baloochs, Uzbeqs, Sarik Turcomans, Firozkohis of Chakcharan, Tajiks of Haibuk, Herat, Tatars, Hazara, Balkhis, Bagdadis, Persian muleteers and Cossacks.
  3. Bound volume of 29 plates mainly depicting the costumes of: Afghans, Turkestan cavalry, Cossacks, Uzbeqs, various Turcomans, Bokharans, Tajiks, Bozhara, Women's costume Turcomans.
  4. Bound volume of 39 plates, mainly depicting houses, huts, tents, details of clothing, weapons and tools in the area covered by the other three volumes.
Additional material

Given by Mrs B. Clarke.


  1. Map of Afghanistan, June 1901, based on Survey of India sheets (Scale 1 inch = 16 miles). 2 sheets.
  2. Map of Afghanistan, October 1905. British War Office (Scale 1 inch = 32 miles). 1 sheet.
  3. Map of Afghanistan, December 1889. Survey of India. (Scale 1 inch = 24 miles). 1 sheet.
  4. Map of Persia, 1910. Survey of India. (Scale 1 inch = 40 miles). 1 sheet.
  5. Papers, printed memoranda and despatches, etc., relating to Afghanistan, in particular the Durand Mission and Agreement of 1893. 1879-1896.
  6. Papers relating to Afghanistan affairs, the Delhi Durbar of 1911 and the decision to transfer the imperial capital from Calcutta to Delhi 1901-1911.
  7. Miscellaneous items and ephemera 1892-1912.


Given by Mr. H.M. Close.

TS entitled: A Pathan Company. Written 1945-46: shortened and revised 1963-64.


Recruitment from N.W.F.P. to the battalion of the Bhopal Infantry: Mr. Close posted to the Battalion in 1941. Battalion posted to Cyprus, Spring 1942.

Part I. Cyprus.

Battalion settles in S.W. corner at Paphos. B Company entirely Pathan, commanded by Close. Area pastoral. Description of pleasant easy life: Army exercises - abilities of various individuals. Camp life. Descriptions of countryside. Individual Commanders. Discipline. Subjective reflections on the idyllic conditions of army life there.

May 6, 1942, leave for Egypt.

Part II. Egypt, Cyrenaica, the Lebanon, Palestine.

Quassassin - desert - of Nile delta. Changes in battalion life, discipline, promotion etc.

Sent to Cyrenaica to round up Greek mutineers.

Description of surrounding Greek mutineers' camp.

Discourse on life of the company as good in itself.

Difference between life of Pathans within the Company and in their villages. Reasons for this.

Mountain Welfare Training School outside Tripoli.

The Company acts as demonstrators in street fighting.

Battalion makes up part of Force 281 attempting to recapture Dodecanese Is. Attempt called off.

Eventually battalion sent to recapture Simi.

Part III. The Aegean.

Battalion moves and lands on Simi. No fighting. Daily life. Practice exercises. Portraits of individual soldiers. Series of postponements of landing on Piscopi deeply disappointing. Eventual action against the enemy described.


After leave, returns to Bhopal and is in charge. Goes to visit members of his platoon in their homes on the Frontier. Returns to command the company and tries to get demobilisation for the men, but is not successful in this.

Continues and extends education classes.

Returns to Rajputana Rifles Centre at Delhi.


Makes second tour of Frontier.


Mrs. M. F. Clough. Restricted

Small Collections Box 6

TS Memoir: 'A childhood in Travancore 1922-31' 107 pp.

A memoir of childhood on a tea-estate in the High Range, written in the light of subsequent knowledge and history beginning with her mother's married life in very primitive conditions in 1920, and also a retrospective consideration of social and racial attitudes.

It includes descriptions of making a tea-plantation from virgin jungle, of bamboo flowering, (once every 100 years), of education by P.N.E.U., the working of. remote subscription libraries, and attitudes by employers towards employees, etc.



(Sir Andrew Clow)

Given by Mrs. Oddie

Letters to his mother:

  1. Aligarh, 9 December 1914. Camp U.P. Letter of a young man in camp for first time; description of camp and camp-life, visit to local Rajah etc.
  2. Camp Khandaria Ganesh, Basti, 10 March 1918. Description of Indian life.
  3. Two poems:
    • Satirical poem on the I.C.S. bureaucrats - individual characters portrayed;
    • Commemorative lines on being told that one must get on with officials.
  4. TS diary kept while on Royal Commission on Labour in India 1929-30. Personal and detailed.


(T.M. Coffey, C.I.E.)

Small Collections Box 6

'The Indian Forest Act, 1927 (as modified up to 1 November 1963).'

'The West Bengal Private Forests Act, 1948', with a typed copy of the 'West Bengal Private Forest (Amended Act 1954 and 1955)'.

'The Bengal Rhinoceros Preservation Act 1932.'

'The Elephants' Preservation Act 1879 (as modified up to 1 August 1934) with the Elephants Preservation (Bengal Amendment) Act 1932.'

'The Wild Bird and Animals Protection Act 1912.'


(Major Kendal Coghill: 19th Hussars)

Given by Mrs. H. Barkeley Smith

Burma, Punjab, U.P. ? 1855-1882

Xerox copies of bound volume of TS copies of letters of Mrs. Barkeley-Smith's great uncle, Major Kendal Coghill, 19th Hussars, prior to and including the relief of Delhi, to his brother and sisters in England.

Photograph of Major Kendal Coghill and his grandson in 1916.

Curriculum vitae and services

On board The Essex, 2 March 1851. Describes voyage, daily life and passengers.

Letter dated 1855 n.p. Burma - has a captured tiger cub being sent home. Longing for furlough.

Moulmain 31 August 1855. Instructions about the tiger cub. Going to put down revolt of 'Southals' in Bengal (Rajmahal Hills - Midnapore). Describes rowing as only sport.

Subathoo 19 April 1856. Urges Jos to come to India. London-Calcutta costs £120 - and bring daguerreotype machine. Possibility of bringing wife. Comment on soldiers' wives as servants. Pleads with him to come - leave so infrequent, describes possibilities of pleasurable visit.

Simla, 2 August 1856 Describes taking language exam. Has been very ill - heart attack. Quandary about appointment etc. and future. Will send home seeds of 'Hill pine trees' to plant in England.

Subathoo 6 April 1857 Complains of amount of work - no private life. Love of Regiment. Inveighs against caste, and says country in a bad way with the Mutiny. Origins and incidents. Complains of slackness in dealing with first mutinies. Wants consumptive relation to come to India for the good climate.

Delhi, 22 September 1857 Has been in the taking of Delhi. Describes fighting in detail. Attitude of Gurkhas and Sikhs to fighting - storming the gate and fighting once inside. Ordered to hold the Kabul Gate. Describes following days' fighting. Attitude towards mutineers. Guards 'King of Hindoostan' as a prisoner. Other prisoners taken include English Sergeant Major of 28th N.I.

4 October Part of flying column sacking disloyal villages. Some villages remained loyal and are allowed to loot. Plunder.

To attack a Rajah Fooleram (sic) at Kewarry (sic) and hopes for more loot.

Asks about English attitude to atrocities. Admiration of General Archdale Wilson and Sir John Lawrence.

18 January 1858 In case of accidents to the envelope, this is from K. Coghill, Adjt. 2nd Bengal Fusiliers, Delhi to Mrs. Tom Greene, Dublin? (His sister Sylvia).

Has been chasing sepoys. Very brutal attitude to Indians shown. Mentions possibility of fighting Sikhs to subdue them too.

Attitude towards Canning's order that prize money to be returned to Indians.

Attitude towards General Wilson's order to desist from killing, and merciless attitude towards the Indians returning to Delhi, and towards mutineers.

Mentions Sir Thomas Metcalfe's attitude towards the population of Delhi.

Opinion of General Wilson's orders on prize money - and the Medal.

Is sending home portrait by the King's artist, Azeem. Attitude towards foreigners in general.

P.S. about accuracy of reports of storming Delhi.

14 March 1858 Palace, Delhi Complains that Wilson did not advertise the exploits at Delhi - rewards, only £500 out of Delhi. Mentions number of friends who have been killed.

14 June 1859, Palace, Delhi Longs for excitement. Feels his regiment is ignored by regiments newly arrived from England.Wants new appointment in Adjutant General's Department. Could get immediate civil appointment, but wants to stick to military. Plans for furlough.

27 July 1859, Palace, Delhi Attitude to extinction of Company's Army by Governor General - 10,000 men have left; describes the effects on Army and regiments.

Brigadier Showers has applied for him as Brigade Major.

19 February 1861 Roorkee Regiment has just had rigorous inspection by Commander-in-Chief. Disappointed over getting Brigade Majorship.

Note by Coghill on the European Mutiny.

6 May 1859, Rupontie Hotel. Private. Letter from Lt. Colonel H. Hope Crealock to K.C. To be read to the Commanding Officers.

Suggests he hears men's grievances as at Meerut and broadcasts possibility of redressing them.

15 May 1859, Simla from H.H. Crealock. Praise of Coghill's Regiment, the 2nd Bengal (European) Fusiliers, which was loyal during Mutiny. Inveighs against mutineers.

16 short stories, partly autobiographical and partly the Mutiny, presumably written by Kendall Coghill. n.d. (66pp).

List of Actions fought at or near Delhi by the Delhi Field Force from 30 May to 20 September 1857, including analysis of The Siege of Delhi.

Two letters written during the fighting during the British occupation of Egypt:

10 September 1882, Camp Kassassin from K. Coghill. Describes the action in detail, and also the poor quartermastering.

14 September 1882, Camp Tel el Kebir from K. Coghill. Describes in detail the action in taking Tel el Kebir.

See also: Barkeley-Smith Papers


(Rev. A.S. Collier)

Microfilm Box 2 No. 21

Printed booklets:

'Note on the Sikh Plan.' Lahore 1948. An account of the secret preparations of the Sikhs, with appendices.

'RSSS (Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sang) in the Punjab.' Lahore, 1948.

'The Sikhs in action (the Sikhs plan in operation).' Lahore, 1948,

'Intelligence Reports concerning the tribal repercussions.' Lahore, 1948.

'Kashmir before Accession.' Lahore, 1948. Rebellion against the Maharaja's Government, and why he acceded to India. With appendices.


Given by J.W. Collins.

Small Collections Box 6

Assam 1901 - 1958.

Papers on the air lift scheme on the North Bank of the Brahmaputra River in Assam, promoted by J.W. Collins, Manager of Jamirah Tea Estate, a Division of the Jokai (Assam) Tea Co. Ltd.


File I

  1. TS copy. 16 pp. A history of the Jokai Air Scheme ? 1947-58. A history of an air lift scheme operating on the North Bank of the Brahmaputra amongst the tea-plantations of Assam. North Bank plantations were very isolated and the air-lift was used for medical reasons, as well as for freight and to avoid the 2 - 8 days journey from Dibrugarh by other means. Begun by Mr. J .W. Collins as a private venture, it eventually became a Company venture.
  2. Some notes for improving the efficient working of gardens. Submitted to Secretaries, Jokai (Assam) Tea Co. Ltd., in April 1947: a report by J.W. Collins. 3pp.
  3. Full economic use of labour (as a result of new methods of pruning and cultivation).
    • Growing green crops on all high areas.
    • Growing food crops.
    • Firewood and timber, thatch and bamboos.
    • Line and building repairs.
    • Manuring under shade.
    • Shade.
    • General survey of the variable output of gardens.
    • Intention of buying a light aeroplane which will be of use.
  4. TS copy of Aircraft News: November 1950. 3pp. Article on: The value of Light Aircraft, proved in Assam. Describes Mr. Collins' purchase of the Auster, his journey to Assam, and an extract from the 1950 Annual Rerort of the Jokai (Assam) Tea Co., Ltd., September 1950. This also describes a trip to the Apa Tanis made by Mr. Collins and the Political Officer. See also Cine films.
  5. Correspondence etc., between J.W. Collins, the Directors and various officials of the Jokai Tea Company about the use of light aircraft between their tea plantations north and south of the Brahmaputra River, Assam, and relating to Item 1, the history of the Jokai Air Scheme.
  6. Correspondence regarding Mr. Collins' retirement from the Joyhing Division of the Jokai (Assam) Tea Co. Ltd.
  7. 20. & 21. Correspondence regarding the acute necessity on medical reasons for a hospital on the North Bank, or a permanent aircraft. Includes a report on medical and other facilities available at the Joyhing Tea Estate in June 1957.
  8. Copy of Aircraft News November 1950 published by Auster Aircraft Limited, Leicester, containing an article on the value of the Auster Aircraft in Assam, and the use made of it in the Joyhing Tea Estate, and during the trip to the Apa Tani plateau. Illustrated. by photographs.

File II

    Correspondence about air accident in October 1952 to J.W. Collins' Aiglet aircraft in attempting to take off near the scene of a crashed Indian Air Force plane which Mr. Collins went to help. 1952-53.
  1. Correspondence about purchase of a new aircraft, 1956.
  2. Printed pamphlet by Jokai (Assam) Tea Co. Ltd., Jokai Air Scheme, notes for pilots and airfield manager, 1951. 9pp.
  3. Letter from R.C. Reynolds, Sealkotee Tea Estate, Chabua P.O. Upper Assam to the Editor of The Statesman, Calcutta about the evacuation of the marooned tribesmen at Nizam Ghat, 13 July 1951.
  4. Log of flight from Lympne - Janwiah Tea Estate, 14 November - 5 December, 1947.
  5. Correspondence about purchase of, and flying arrangements for, aircraft for the Jokai Air Scheme.
  6. Correspondence relating to air accident, insurance claims, salvage etc.
  7. Letter and copy from Mr. Collins in England to Alex Lawrie & Co. Ltd., about Company Air Services. 9 June 1950. 3pp.
  8. 2 copies of Duties of a Superintendent.
  9. Reply from J.F.E. Stewart to J.W. Collins' London office of Jokai Tea Co. about Company Aircraft. 5 October 1950.
  10. Letter from J.W. Collins about Company Aircraft. 3 October 1950.
  11. Correspondence relating to the control, supervision and maintenance of aircraft and personnel in the Jokai Air Scheme, 1950-1953.
  12. Correspondence regarding further benefits related to the Air Scheme. January - March 1954.
  13. Correspondence relating to Mr. J.W. Collins' retirement from the Jokai Tea Co. 1957.

File III

Papers relating to River bank conservation and re-afforestation.

  1. Letter from J.W. Collins to Sri D.C. Kaith, Department of Anti-Soil Erosion and Flood Control 27 August 1957 about erosion on the East and West Banks of the Ranganuddy.
  2. Sri D.C. Kaith's reply.
  3. Reply 19 September 1957 to the copy of Collins' letter sent to the Flood Control and Irrigation Wing, P.W.D.
  4. From J.W.C. to the Soil Conservation Officer, Dehra Dun about reeds for building river bank.
  5. Newspaper cutting describing erosion ravage in Assam. No date, no title.
  6. TS note on river protection, Ranganuddy by J.W.C. 1952.
  7. Proposal for the preservation of the Ranganuddy River Banks incorporating the temporary settlement of the area between the Ranganuddy and the Deckiajulie - 1956. 5pp and sketchmap.
  8. Letter from the Conservator of Forests, Assam, to J.W.C. 19 February 1954, and J.W.C.'s reply.
  9. Letter from J.W.C. to the Deputy Minister, Labour, Sri Purnananda Chetia, Assam, on erosion. 8 March 1955. 3pp.
  10. Two letters from J.W.C. to C.D. Wilson of the Jokai (Assam) Tea Co. Ltd., in Calcutta, on Ranganuddy erosion: Joyhing and Koilamari - 5 and 8 November 1956. 4pp.
  11. Survey of India 1932: sheet No.83 Dibrugarh. Scale 1,014 ins. to 16 miles.

  12. Papers on personal work with villagers and garden staff and labour.
  13. Letter from the PRO U.N. after visit to Dibrugarh. 7 February 1951.
  14. 4 letters relating to an incident of rudeness from a member of the Dibrugarh Fishery Co-op Soc. Ltd. December 1950.
  15. An address of welcome to J.W.C. from the ryots of Jamirah and Larna Manzas, 16 February 1939.
  16. Letter of congratulation on M.B.E. from Sir Robert Reid. 8 January 1946.
  17. Letter of thanks from H.J. Bourne. 6 July 1946.
  18. 2 copies of farewell address to J.W.C. on becoming Superintendent of the Jokai Tea Co. from the Jamirah Garden Staff. 31 December 1951.
  19. Citation for M.B.E. from Governor's Camp, Assam.
  20. Letter awarding M.B.E.
  21. Newspaper cutting about J.W.C.'s flight from England to Assam.
  22. Message from Lord Linlithgow to members of the I.T.A. and the labourers in the gardens in their work in assisting refugees, and the military in the evacuation of Burma. 15 December 1942.
  23. J.W. Collins': Record of work for Jokai and Doolahat Cos. 1921-1956. Detailed account of his cultivation methods in various tea gardens. 4pp.
  24. Table of London sale averages to 27 July 1957.
  25. 2 Christmas cards from Jt. S. Chou.1947 and n.d.
  26. Framed address printed on silk to J.W. Collins from the employees of Joyhing and Koilamari Divisions on his departure from Joyhing Tea Estate in 1956.


  1. Very large leather bound album in wooden case entitled Fritz Kapp's Prize, Jorhat Camp. 1903. Containing 82 photographs of the Officers and men of the Assam Volunteer Light Horse in 1901, 1902. Includes photographs of Colonel Lumsden of Lumsden's Horse visiting the Camp at Serpur Station - Also photographs of Dibrugarh Camp 1902 and the Inspection Dinner Dibrugarh 1902. Other photographs include small ones of individuals and other groups, pig-sticking; Abors and Mishmis, polo, etc.

See also FILMS.


(Thomas Collins 1735-1830)

Given by Colonel J.H. Busby

TS copies of extracts from letters received by Thomas Collins from various people going to, or in, India: Thomas P. Walter, 1795-1796; Augustus Chambers, 1805; George Rodney Blane, 1808, 1809, 1812; John Wilton, 1811; John Weston, 1811; Henry Weston, 1811; George Wilton, 1812.

These letters (and others) are in the possession of Colonel Busby, Mrs. Schomberg Scott, and Dr. Gurney Salter.


(Stuart Corbett of the H.E.I.C.)

Lent by Mrs. M. Ravenscroft

(See also Ormsby Papers)

Bengal; Bihar & Onisa; Penang, etc.: 1819-1828

Xerox copies of letters from Stuart Corbett to his father and other members of his family.

Biographical note. Stuart Corbett, son of a clergyman of same name, an incumbent near Sheffield. Born 1803. Entered East India Co. 1819. Served 40 years in India. Appointed Divisional Commander, Benares 1862. Died Naini Tal, 1865.

16 letters written to his relations in England from India and Penang etc. Descriptive of army life in India 1820/21, and Penang 1822/25. Social and personal. Describes making ice - letter 7.


Given by Sir Conrad Corfield

Punjab, Delhi, Baluchistan, Western Indian States, Rajputana, Hyderabad, Simla Hill States 1921-1947

  1. TS copy of autobiographical memoir: The Princely India I knew
    • Preamble on the Indian States and their government.
    • Ch. 1 How the choice of I.C.S. was. made. Influences and attitudes.
    • Ch. 2 Punjab: 1921 Lahore. British officials discussing Jallianwalla Bagh and the new Government of India Act. Sent to Kasur under Charles Ogilvie, and rediscovers 'the real India' he remembered by touring on horseback. Incidents indicative of difficulties governing India. Sees Ruling Princes for first time at a Durbar. Importance of precedence. Arrival of Lord Reading as Viceroy. Corfield seconded as Assistant Private Secretary - Comfortable life, but full of unaccustomed intricacies.
    • Ch. 3 Viceregal circles. Provincial consultation. Gandhi visits Lord Reading. Rapid Indianisation of services. Viceregal anecdotes. Visit to Alwar. Visit of Prince of Wales. Increase in disorder. Decision to cancel Gandhi's arrest before the Prince's visit to Delhi. Attends Lord Reading at the annual meeting of the Chamber of Princes. Sir Geoffrey de Montmorency becomes Private Secretary. Marriage, December 1922. Has to pay 'disparity' fine into I.C.S. Family Pension Fund. Appointed Assistant Commissioner. Rawalpindi.
    • Ch. 4 Punjab and The Political. Various jobs in Rawalpindi and neighbouring country and in Murree. Under Secretary to Indian I.C.S. Secretary in charge of Departments under Indian Ministers. To Simla - Amateur theatricals as pastime. Applies for Political Service in Punjab. Appointed Secretary to Sir Charles Watson in charge of Western Indian States, H.Q. Rajkot in Kathiawar. Many visitors to the Jam Sahib (or Maharaja of Nawanagar of Jamnagar). Rajkumar College. Individuals. Maharajas of Gondal and Dhrangadhra. 1926 First leave for 6 years under free Lee Commission passages. Can only afford 6 months. Returns to N.W.F. to Baluchistan.
    • Ch. 5 Baluchistan. Appointed Assistant P.A. for Kalat State. Interesting problems of indirect rule, influence of Sir Robert Sandeman. Works under Terence Keyes, P.A. Success in modifying penalties for adultery and abolishing slavery and slave gangs. Corfield's dealing with a Sardar reputed to be a slave received. Visit of King Amanullah and Queen Sourya of Afghanistan embarking on a train for the first time at Chaman on their visit to Europe. Affection for Baluchistan. Ajmer. As Secretary to the Chief Commissioner.
    • Ch. 6 Back to the States 1930. Irwin - Viceroy - Simon Commission and its results. Round Table Conferences and the States. Returns after leave to the Malwa Agency in temporary control of 13 States. Establishment of Praja Mandals in the States and their connection with Congress - the Rulers' attitude towards them. Calls conference of Dewans for the first time to discuss Praja Mandals and related matters. Sent as Secretary, Hyderabad, 1933. Resident was Keyes - Nizam's attitude to the rise of democratic rule. Marriage of Nizam's two sons to the daughter and niece of ex-Sultan of Turkey and Khedive of Islam. Change in purdah rules. Dinner party at the Residency for all. Great beauty of the Nizam's wife. Does not like life as Secretary because of intrigue. After six months asked to serve as adviser to the Maharaja of Rewa.
    • Ch. 7 Visits Maharaja. Reason for railway station being 30 miles from the capital. Finds serious trouble brewing. Great discontent with administration. Prepares plan to combat political agitation. Maharaja agrees eventually. Praja Mandal plans disclosed by infiltration on to Committee. Leaders arrested, crowds disperse. Counter attack also dispersed.After uprising attempt to get administration righted. Some suggestions accepted, others refused. Maharaja attends Third Round Table Conference in London and takes Corfield as his representative attached to Hyderabad delegation. Difference in attitude to Conference of Lords Peel, Winterton, Reading and Irwin. India Bill of 1934 passed as a result. Lord Linlithgow goes out in 1935 as Viceroy, to implement the Federation. Corfield returns to Rewa summer 1934, and works ors recommendations of Pawaidars' rights. Abolition of Narwahi. Development plan. Obstacle of State reserves. Pawai Rules finally sanctioned. Rewa not a typical Indian State.
    • Ch. 8 Sport and Shikar. Great labour and cost of a tiger shoot for a V.I.P. Beating methods described. Game reserve at Dholpur. Dislikes shooting birds, but not big game. Political implications of shikar.
    • Ch. 9 Illegal gratification. Bribery and corruption. Difference between that and 'customary payments'. Examples of the difficulty of assessing. Case of bribery in Indore State. Examples of favours given and received, or not received. Official presents. Rumours of bribery.
    • Ch. 10 Political Department. Profile of Sir Bertrand Glancy and Eric Melville. Order of the Black Heart.Reasons for non-success of Federation, 1937-39, largely through impersonal approach. 1937 Acting Political Secretary in place of Sir Bertram Glancy, dealing directly with Viceroy, Lord Linlithgow. Foresight over invasion through Burma, also elimination of malaria in Delhi. Returns to routine duties. Idea of Registration of Societies Act for Praja Mandals. Appointed Resident at Jaipur.
    • Ch. 11 Back to Rajputana. Begins after leave in autumn 1938. Pedestal of British Raj beginning to sway. In States the Ruler's authority being questioned and defied. Authority of the Ruler based on the development of the word Durbar, in the meaning of a Ruler in court or in audience. The result on durbars (and therefore Rulers' powers) of the British Raj. Example of this in defiance of Maharajah by the Rao of Sikar. Description of the Residency at Jaipur; Tonk; Kishengarh; Shahpura and Alwar. The latter very difficult. Had a British officer as his Prime Minister.Congress movement in Jaipur. Jamnalal Bajaj, and attempts to get into Jaipur frustrated. Spring 1939 - deputises for the Resident at Abu (Arthur Lothian). Maharaja of Bundi. Wartime India. Attempts to tackle problems of democracy in the States, and mergers of small units with neighbouring states. Daughter comes out from England. Transfers to Baluchistan 1940 for her sake (climate and schools).
    • Ch. 12 Back to Lahore (via Baluchistan) after twenty one years. Chief Commissioner - Aubrey Metcalfe. Corfield Political Agent in charge of Quetta District. Dealing with Pathans, and mixed population of down country Hindus and Sikhs. Consequences of 1941 German advance into Russia - defence of India. Transfer back to Punjab States. Residence at Lahore. Dislikes the large and pretentious Residency. Cuts out shooting, banquets and garden parties on tours of States. Instead, visits outlying areas of the States and interviews heads of departments and Ministers, thus assessing Ruler's competence and authority. Position of Dewans in Punjab States. Situation in India in mid 1942. Calls Dewans Conference; circulates measures to be taken for the Punjab's defence. Recruitment in Punjab. Attempted rebellion in Sind by Pir Pagard and the Hurs. Chief of Police in Khairpur State murdered. Takes two years to restore order. Dewans Conference attends meeting of Punjab Government Officials about plans to aid situation in the winter of 1942-43. Lord Linlithgow leaves. Problem of the very small states unsolved. The Rulers and their revenues: allocation of development and reserve funds. Attempt to ensure just distribution. Rulers' apprehension for future of States after Cripp's visit. 1943-44 Atmosphere more peaceful. Tours Simla Hill States. In Bilaspur discusses with Raja the proposed Bhakra Dam. Example of special advantages of good hereditary personal rule. Protocol: Various amusing examples.
    • Ch. 13 Farewell to the Punjab States. April 1945 Interview with Lord Wavell. Appointed as Political Adviser, United Provinces - Leave - Has an audience.with King George VI. .Gets K.C.I.E.
    • Ch. 14 The last two years Part I. Returns to Delhi to deal with loss of confidence of the Chamber of Princes due to the negotiations for Indian Independence. Resignation of their Standing Committee. Compromise arrangement arrived at by Lord Wavell and the Nawab of Bhopal (Chancellor). Role as Political Adviser on the Governor General's Council. Difficulty in protecting the rights of the States. Proposes a Joint Consultative Council - rejected by Congress and Muslim League. March 1946 Arrival of Cabinet Mission. Discussion on the future of the States resulting in Memorandum on Treaties and Paramountcy. Effect on States. Formation of States Negotiating Committee which met Nehru and Vallabhai Patel - Gradual breakdown of this Committee after meetings Lord Wavell's replacement by Lord Mountbatten. Corfield calls Residents Conference to consider local problems of the lapse of paramountcy.

      Last Two Years Part II. Lord Mountbatten arrives 22 March 1947. Residents' Conference April. Decisions made there. Accompanies Lord Ismay to England to discuss the proceedings of the Conference with him as Lord Mountbatten and Advisers were too preoccupied. Discusses proceedings with Lord Listowel, Secretary of State. Cabinet approves new Plan. Endorsed the Cabinet Mission Memorandum. Standstill Agreement. Difficulty of the office records. Nehru and paramountcy. Description of meeting held between Congress, Nehru, Vallabhai Patel, Kripalani: Muslim League. Jinnah, Liaqat Ali Khan, Abdur Rab Nishtar: Lord Mountbatten: Sir Conrad Corfield, to discuss this problem. Corfield overruled, States Department Set up. Discussion of Nehru's attitude, and subsequent events. States Department set up 27 June 1947. Lord Mountbatten calls conference of Rulers to accept the new offer. Corfield returns home before the conference which he refuses to attend.
    • Ch. 15 Some interesting personalities. Vignettes of Lord Northcliffe, Sir William Robertson, Lord Allenby, Mrs. Ronnie Greville, Melba (in Simla), Lord Casey when Governor of Bengal: Maharaja of Gwalior: Maharaja of Rajputana; et al.
    • Ch. 16 The Kashmir Problem. Importance of Kashmir and its problems discussed especially with reference to the Ruler.
    • Ch. 17 Postscript. Summary of Corfield's attitude to the Princely States especially in their relations with the British Government and the new Indian and Pakistan Governments.
  2. The same memoir, but in greater political detail, with no personal element included.
  3. Ticket for Indian Round-Table Conference, 1932.

See also : Films, Photographs.


(Rev. A.G. Cowham)

Small Collections Box 7


'The first hundred years of Christchurch, Kasauli (Punjab)', by Rev. A.G. Cowham. Published 1944. (1844-1944 including Mutiny history.)


Given by W. Cowley.

Small Collections Box 7

Punjab 1939 - 1947

  1. Autobiographical memoir entitled Peacocks Calling: one man's experience of India. 1939-1947.
    Background to trying to enter ICS, from High School and Cambridge. Fails interview at first attempt. Goes abroad for a year's walking in Europe. Gets through interview at second attempt. S.O.A.S. and Gray's Inn for Probationary Year.
  2. Sails for India September 1939.. Background of other ICS probationers on board.
    Appointed to Rawalpindi. D.C. Arthur Williams. Sees Hindu festival of Dussehra. Describes different ways of keeping order by ICS and police. Lives with D.C. and wife.
    Gazetted 3rd class magistrate. Describes first months of work and country - bearer - riding on tour with D.C.
    Describes first tour alone; incidents in social life with Indians and English. On tour in Khyber. Officials and others met; interspersed with historical anecdotes both distant and recent. Describes Mardan; work of Tahsil H.Q.; relaxation. Takes exam and is gazetted 2nd class magistrate.
    Leisure pursuits. A week in Kashmir with Phil Talbot before going to Murree for Treasury training.
  3. Murree: combines Treasury and court work, both in the town and in country.
    Takes another trip with Talbot up the Sind Valley.
    Basic economics of a Punjab villager, and comparisons with other individuals.
    To Gurgaon for Settlement Training. Sent to Chainsa for practical training. Rides 30 miles there. Describes Settlement Work. Account of the villagers and individuals he gets to know.
    Interesting society of Aligar. Meets Freddie Young of the U.P. of dacoit-hunting fame.
    Vivid descriptions of the countryside.
    Meets the Boy Scout movement through Thomas Tull near Sohna and is obsessed by the Movement.
    Transfers to Ferozepore as lst class magistrate. Description of district and work, Sir Douglas Young, M.R. Sachdev and F.L. Brayne.
    H.Q. of Scout Movement, Punjab, there.
  4. Description of Scout social services during Hindu pilgrimages to Lake Kurukshetra where conditions had previously been indescribable.
    Acted as Hogg's P.A, riding official elephant. Description of tussle with crowd when removing objectionable sadhu.
    Trek with certain scouts from Kashmir to Dalhousie. Hospitality from nomad family when benighted at 12,000 ft.
  5. Transfer to Hissar on famine duty: relief money for villages: camels for transport..
    Applied to join the Indian Army.
    Sent on mission to Patiala to arrange supply of water channels.
    Transferred to Jullunder to preside over tanning factory enquiry.
  6. Description of Jullunder; living with the McNabs in commissioner's house, once John Lawrence's.
    Attempt to climb the Dhaulidhar. Description of scenery and flowers.
  7. Two men only freed from ICS for Armed Forces - Tull and McPherson.
    Cowley sent to Calcutta to train for Civil Defence.
    Transfer to Multan. George Brander as D.C.
    Dacoiti hold-up on Kalka-Simla railway. Hogg - builder of the Scout movement - and his son murdered.
    Cowley asked to take over Youth Movement and Boy Scouts.
    Remarks on the difference between the Punjab and other provinces in its non-racial, non-communal government - until 1946.
    Week in Baluchistan. Accounts of the Bhanot household, tribesmen's jirgas, games, feasts and the scout camp.
  8. Lahore: takes over scouting and other Youth Movement duties: is member of strict film censor board.
    Scout office H.Q. staff of six. Moti Lal, outstanding secretary.
    Field staff headed by Sirdar Sahib Sardar Hardial Singh. Circuit organisers mentioned with high praise: Iqbal Kureshi, Sita Ram Mahindroo and Mohammad Latif.
    Description of hill training centre, Tara Devi, near Simla.
    Larger grant for Scouts achieved.
    A tour with Sir Sikandar Hyat Khan and John Eustace combining War Front,
    Scouting and Civil Defence rallies.
  9. Enlargement of Tara Devi centre.
    Descriptions of scenery on further treks.
    Visits CMS Mission School in Srinagar run by Tyndale Biscoe.
    Camps in Kashmir: the great beauty of the Gurais Valley. (In 1947 the cease-fire line between India and Pakistan where the closing of passes caused the starvation of many nomads and their flocks.)
  10. Work at Tara Devi.
    Inspection of all thirty-one Punjab districts.
    Having drawn up memorandum on Youth Movement, is granted 4 months home leave to study British youth movements.
  11. Marries. Achieves study project.
    Returns to India but unable to obtain passage for wife.
  12. Completes report: his schemes are accepted for creation of Young Farmers' clubs, students' camps etc.
    Wife joins him and helps with cub and scout work.
    Account of visit to Coleyana, huge estate of Sir Edward Cole, breeder of race-horses.
    Another attempt to climb the Dhaulidar.
    More money obtained for the Girl Guide Assoc.
  13. Building of large youth hostel at Tara Devi.
    Account of a trek from Rampur to Kulu.
    A trek up the Liddar Valley and an attempt on Kolahoi.
  14. Winter touring from Lahore.
    Sent to arbitrate in an Electricity Company dispute.
    104,000 scouts now in the Punjab. 10,000 more in training.
  15. Official visits to Simla Hill States.
    An attempt to climb Banderpunch.
  16. Tragic illness and death of Cowley's wife.
    Given a change of job: posted to the. Supply Dept.
    Senses the unease now in the province. Scout help in refugee camps.
    Is granted leave.
    Gives a summary of the political events and their appalling results.
    Terrible problems of divided Punjab. His return to India in 1957 with Himalayan expedition.

Book: A plan for Youth: a handbook of Youth Organization for India and Pakistan. O.U.P. Indian Branch, 1949 (written before .1947) 138pp. photographs.

Subject: the value of youth organizations for the Indian continent - camping, scouting etc., with an exposition of how to run a camp etc.


Lent by F.G. Cracknell, I.C.S.

Central Provinces; U.P., 1932

(Notes by F.G.C.)

  1. Probationary year 1932:
    • Photograph of the Cambridge University I.C.S. probationers 1932, taken in front of Trinity Hall New Buildings.
    • Photograph of I.C.S. Cambridge probationers' dinner, 1932, guest of honour (nearest on right) Sir Hugh Stephenson, Governor of Burma.
    • 'The Prodigal Son' - phonetic transcription of the gramophone record from which cadets learned Urdu.
    • Table of results in which the marks at both the original exam and the probationary year exam were totalled, and the seniority as between entrants settled.
    • The Covenant as a Member of Civil Service of India signed before proceeding to India.
    • Permission to proceed to India and joining instructions.
    • First District - Etawah ? 1932-1933

    • Photographs illustrative of life and touring I.C.S. officer, all fully annotated.
    • Three views of the Collectors Bungalow, Etawah.
    • Tour Diary, 1932/33 (Etawah) and 1934 (Cawnpore), with 16 snapshots of various places mentioned.
    • Court Diary 1933 with notes.
    • Party photograph, Etawah Club, April 1933, to welcome new District Magistrate.
    • Photograph of party at. Etawah Tennis Club in honour of new D.M. Superintendent of Police, new D.M., all garlanded.
  2. Agra and Delhi ? 1934-36
    • Small photographs of Akbar's tomb, Sikandra; Fort Agra; Fatehpur Sikri, Delhi (10).
    • A V.I.P. and self at Fatehpur Sikri.
    • Photo of Silver Jubilee Committee 1935, and badge.
  3. Cawnpore ? 1933-34 and 1936-39
    • 'Confession of Shiam Lal'. Atypical confession in a dacoity case.
    • Photograph. Cawnpore, Cracknell and S.D.O. on tour of subdivision, Ghatampur. Local officials and personalities in front of the tahsil building (subdivisional headquarters).
    • Photograph - taken in Christmas camp 1933. Officials in the front row (left to right) - Subdivisional Officer Ghatampur; a Cawnpore bank official; Superintendent of Police; Additional District Magistrate; S.P's. wife; District Magistrate; self.
    • Photographs: Cracknell and S.D.O. (Provincial Service) on tour of Bilhaur subdivision. Gatherings of local officials and gentry, similar to Photo 2. The diary of this tour is in the same book as the Etawah tour.
    • Photograph: Excise staff on occasion of departure of an Excise Inspector (garlanded).
    • Eight photographs 'Makanpore Fair', an annual religious-cum-agricultural fair. Scenes at the fair.
    • Tour diary 1937.
    • Three group photographs (self explanatory).
    • Photograph - Office staff - garlanded figures from the left:- Office Superintendent: Deputy Collector (Provincial Service); District Magistrate; self.
    • Two amusing newspaper cuttings.
    • Articles (19), letters, newspaper cuttings of amusement, thanks and flattery to F.G.C. (unofficial).
    • 5 letters of thanks (official).
    • 7 newspaper cuttings, mainly from The Pioneer of Court cases in front of Mr. F.C. Cracknell.
    • 9 miscellaneous newspaper cuttings of social events.
  4. 3 poems by F.G.C.


Given by Miss M.D. Cra'ster

Small Collections Box 7

TS Copy of 'A reminiscence of the Sepoy Mutiny written 8 years afterwards' by Colonel William R. Cra'ster, late Royal Artillery.

  1. Reminiscence of the Siege of Delhi with considerable detail of military strategy. 12pp.
  2. Censored letter, 4 December 1917, from George Cra'ster, serving with his regiment, (6th Lancers, King Edward's Own) written to his sister, Minnie, in England. (Two envelopes.)


(M. Crawford)

Ceylon. Administration reports:

Part IV. Miscellaneous. Veterinary. Reports for 1900-3 by G.W. Sturgess, M.R.C.V.S., Government Veterinary Surgeon.

Part IV. Education, Science and Art. Veterinary. Reports for 1904-6, 1908-23, 1925-30, by G.W. Sturgess.

Reports for 1931-33 by M. Crawford, Government Veterinary Surgeon.

Reports for 1940-42 by E. Rodrigo, Acting Director of Agriculture.

Report for 1952 by Dr. A.W.R. Joachim, Director of Agriculture.

Xerox copy of 'Ceylon contingent and mounted infantry register of horses' (compiled in 1900 by Mrs. Crawford's father, G.W. Sturgess). 6 p. MS.

The Ceylon Observer Tuesday evening 26 February 1918. 'Agriculture in Ceylon', by G.W. Sturgess.

The Times of Ceylon Tuesday evening 27 January 1931. Report on M. Crawford's lecture on poultry disease.


Given by Mrs. N.R. Crawshaw

Book of twenty-five photographs given to the donor's husband, J.M. Lander, 'in occasion of this first visit to Yado', (Burma) from Father Basilio Massari R.C. missionary, 11 February 1934. Photographs depict groups in tribal dress, physical types etc.


Small Collections Box 7

Papers of Colonel Walter Hugh Crichton, Indian Medical Service. Colonel Crichton joined the I.M.S. in December 1924. During 1930 he left the military cadre of the Service to become agency surgeon in Siestan. In February 1933 he was appointed agency surgeon in Kurram, north Waziristan. During this posting he was attacked by a religious fanatic with an axe. In 1934 Crichton was appointed health officer in Simla while in 1936 he became a health officer in Delhi. During the second world war Crichton served with Indian forces overseas. Between 1945 and 1947 he was director of public health in Bihar.

Given by Mrs M. Romer.

  1. 1929 Pamphlet. Regulations of the Indian Military Widows' and Orphans' Fund. H.M.S.O. 27 pp.
  2. Rules of the Untransferred Section of the Indian Military Widows' and Orphans' Fund. 20 pp.
  3. 1931 Bank Receipt for Deed Poll.
  4. 1932 Photograph of Afghan attacker of Colonel Crichton.
  5. 1932 Telegram of regret from Political Agent.
  6. 1932 Newscuttings giving-account of attack on Colonel Crichton.
  7. 1934 Congratulatory letter on Honour conferred on Crichton from Secretary of Punjab Temperance Federation.
  8. 1935 Press photograph. Lady Willingdon with W.H. Crichton, Administrator of Infants Welfare Centre, Simla.
  9. Press photograph of the Viceroy at Health Department of Simla Municipal Committee.
  10. 1935 Card accompanying Silver Jubilee Medal.
  11. 1935 Annual Confidential Report on Colonel Crichton, I.M.S. Health Officer, Simla.
  12. 1932-36 Programmes and newscuttings on Simla A.D.C.
  13. Pictorial Map of Kurram Valley.
  14. Sketch of a Pathan.
  15. 1936 2 copies of items from Hindustani Times on Colonel Crichton's appointment as Assistant Director of Public Health, Delhi. Abusive.
  16. 1937 Resolution of New Delhi Municipal Committee thanking H.W. Crichton, with accompanying letter.
  17. Pamphlet. Helpful Hints for Householders. 7 pp.
  18. Death threat following vigorous health regulations.
  19. 1937 Card accompanying Coronation Medal.
  20. 1938 Letters to Child Welfare Centre, Delhi, requesting contraceptive advice.
  21. Press photograph of H.E. the Marchioness of Linlithgow at the Najafgarh Health Unit.
  22. Advertisement from Premier Firework Company.
  23. 1941 Congratulatory telegram from Lady Linlithgow on award of C.I.E.
  24. 1941 Letter from Viceroy on award of C.I.E.
  25. 1941 Letter from Sanitary Inspector on award of C.I.E.
  26. 1941 Resolution expressing appreciation from Area Committee:
  27. 1941 Farewell Address on silk.
  28. 1941 Copy of Address.
  29. 1945 or 46 Illingworth Cartoon on Renunciation of British Sovereignty.
  30. 1948 Service and Confidential Reports with Memo.
  31. 39 a-b 1956 Application and curriculum vitae for post as school M.O. in Norfolk.
  32. 40 a-c 1980 Item from Daily Telegraph on rickshaws with description of new 'Crickshaw' introduced 1935-1936.
  33. 1984 Obituary from The Lancet.
  34. 1934 Menu. Students Dinner at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
  35. 1958 List of officers at I.M.S. Dinner Club, London.
  36. List of music from "These You Have Loved".
  37. Sketch of a Syrian.
  38. Cartoon from The Sketch of 1 November 1933 by Crit.


(Lady Olive Crofton)

Microfilm Box 1 No. 8 and Small Collections Box 7

  1. 'They also serve.' Typescript. 197pp. Description of Indian Civil Service life while living at various stations with her husband; Hindi lessons; life at various stations, Buldana, Melghat:

  2. 1925-27. Simla, and Nagpur 1927-28 and tours made of districts. Jubbulpur 1929-31. Disturbances caused by Gandhi's people. Central India and Rajputana 1931-32. Opium growing, over production, and customs relating to the drug. Work of and identifying of graves. Sangor 1933-34. Hyderabad 1934-42. Infant welfare work for the Girl Guides, R.S.P.C.A.; prehistoric stone circles; the leper asylum in Nazimabad district; visit to Ootacamund; black magic; leave in England; declaration of war while returning to India. Trip back to India; wartime in Hyderabad. Bahawalpur and S.E.A.C. 1942-47. Floods in the state, WVS work in Bimapour; description of conditions for the soldiers and staff in the canteens on the Burma front; details of organizing the WVS service canteens; return to Bahawalpur and end of war in Europe. Administration after war; irrigation; care of the sick etc.; Wavell as Viceroy; last days in India.
  3. Speech by R.M. Crofton, Deputy Commissioner Buldana, (Berar) at the Annual District Durbar. 1 June 1923. Deals with possibility of Swaraj and consequences to Berar of opposition to Government; welfare services in Berar; refers to Revision Settlement in two taluqs; Saga Shodhak Samaj; agriculture; water supply; village panchayats etc.

  4. Separate TS postscripts, dated 12 April 1924, setting out the consequences to Welfare Schemes of refusal of Legislative Council to work.
  5. 'Notes on the Opium Department.' n.d. (History of trade, and I.C.S. Department.)
  6. General talk on Hyderabad and Punjab States (relating to years 1921-48) by R.M. Crofton. n.d. but post June 1948. With a postscript on Bahawalpur, 1942-48, of which state Sir Richard Crofton was Prime Minister.


Lent by the Earl of Cromartie

Xerox copies of sixty-two items: letters, regimental orders etc., copies and duplicates 1780-81.

Most of the correspondence is to and from Major James Mackenzie of the 73rd Foot and Lord Macleod, Colonel (later Major General) of that Regiment, about the quartering and provision which was not provided for Major Mackenzie's English and Native troops at Fort St. George on his arrival; the day to day running of the regiment, especially provisioning and accommodation, and Returns to the Secretary of War in London. The places from which the correspondence originates are: Fort St. George, Lucknow, Ghyretty, Poonamallee, St. Thome, etc.

Orders to Messrs. Bisshopp and Brummell, Agents, London, for scarlet cloth for clothing the N.C.O.s and Privates of the Regiment annually.

Account of the fall of the Fort at Gwalior, dated Benares, 24 August 1780, no signature.

Return of the First Battalion of the 73rd Regiment for six months dated 10 October 1780 to Rt. Hon. Charles Jenkinson, Secretary of War, including accounts of conflict with Hyder Ali at Conjeveram, and the retreat to Chingleput.

Account written by James Mackenzie of all the events which happened to him from January - November 1780 written from Chingleput.

Regimental Orders, St. Thome's, 19 November 1780.

Copy of a letter from an officer of General Goddard's army near Condoly to Major Sydenham at Madras 25 March 1781 on action during Maratta War.

Letters relating to Lord Macleod's statement of the 73rd Regiment of Foot about the ill-treatment of a Detachment under Captain Mackenzie by the Captain of the Company's ship, the Granby, 1781.

Copy of a letter from Captain Gomond to Major Sydenham 24 April 1781 about campaign as above.

Acknowledgments from War Office of Lord Macleod's reports on actions in the campaign against Hyder Ali May 1781; other letters from war Office.

Letter from East India House to Messrs. Bisshopp and Brummel saying that they have insufficient room in their ships to send the scarlet cloth order for the 73rd Regiment, 12 July 1781.

Letter about pay from Bisshopp and Brummell.

Letter about pay from C. Jenkinson at the War Office to Lord Macleod enclosing the Act of Parliament which established an agreement with the East India Co. to pay 2 laks of rupees per annum for each regiment of 1000 men; further letters about subsistence payment and other expenses.


Given by Rear Admiral J.H.F. Crombie

Small Collections Box 7

Xerox copies

Letters from Frederick Forties, M.A., M.D., mainly to his sister Katherine Crombie and brother-in-law James Crombie at Cothill Mills, Aberdeen, during his journey from India to England 1837 and return by the overland route 1841.

Balmeer, 22 October 1837. Been trying to introduce vaccination among the Rajpoots; obtained Sir R. Ferguson's recommendation to Sir R. Grant, Governor of Bombay; thinking of going to England to get M.D. in Edinburgh.

Bombay, 26 April 1838. Intended route home: Baghdad, Mosel or Nineveh, Diarbekr and Ergersum to Trebizond and Black Sea, by sea to Constantinople, Malta, Germany, London; describes passengers on the boat.

Bupora, 3 June 1838. Fighting with Montefikh Arabs; describes proposed routes to Baghdad: Shong a Shong, Kufa, Kerbela or Mushed Ali, Hillah (Babylon) Baghdad.

Baghdad, 22 July 1838. Sailed from Bupora to Baghdad 17 June - 17 July; visits Selencia and Ctesiphon; Baghdad not what it was in the Caliphate; says the letter will go by Damascus and Beirut.

Smyrna, 30 December 1838. Visits Hafiz Pasha at Malatya who has large troop destined to oppose the troops of Muhammed Ali, Viceroy of Egypt - Hafiz Pasha 'the only Turk I have met with the manners and feelings of a gentleman'; plague in Sivas and Tokat; Turkish form of quarantine.

Return journey to India:

Marseilles, 29 December 1840. In Paris for Napoleon's second funeral; travels in diligence in intense cold to Avignon, thence to Marseilles (one week from Paris to Marseilles); floods in south of France in Macon, Lyons, Valence and Avignon; route from Marseilles to Malta; expects war with French; Marseilles population consists of 'the scum of Europe'.

Constantinople, 27 January 1841. Went via Marseilles, Malta, Syra, Smyrna.

Tehran, 29 March 1841, to Rev. James Milne, Inverkeithny by Huntly, Scotland. From Trebizond to 2 stages this side of Tabriz, deep snow; stays at the English Ambassador's palace in Tehran, and meets most of 'the great people' including the Shah.

Tehran, 11 April 1841, to James Crombie. Describes journey in Persia, Tabriz to Khoy in snow, by post horse, 7 February - 24 March; audience with the Shah; trouble in Herat from Shah Kamran; Forbes' route to Kandahar via Herat disarranged; alternative routes to Meshed discussed.

Meshed, 19 May 1841, to James Crombie. Account of marching for 19 days to Meshed from Tehran (700 miles) - a dangerous route; has an escort of 30 men through the offices of the King of Persia.

24 November 1838, Alexander Forbes to Mrs. Crombie, expressing anxiety about Frederick Forbes.

3 December 1838, H. Holste to James Crombie, having inquired at the London Office of Forbes & Co. as to Frederick Forbes' safety.

November 1841, Alexander Forbes to James Crombie, lamenting death of his nephew Frederick Forbes and enclosing a copy made by himself of Forbes' Will, made in Tehran 3 April 1841, which was forwarded to Alexander Forbes by Forbes & Co. (See next item.)

Copy of a letter (? made by Alexander Forbes) from Forbes & Co. of Bombay, 29 September 1841, to Alexander Forbes and James Crombie announcing the death of Frederick Forbes through a copy of a letter which they received from Major Rawlinson, Political Agent in Kandahar.

Copy of the letter from Major Rawlinson to Forbes & Co. of Bombay, describing the death of Frederick Forties and the action he had taken with regard to Forties' effects. n.d.

14 November 1841, Alexander Forbes to James Crombie, lamenting the death of Frederick Forbes and making arrangements for execution of his Will.

25 November 1841, Alexander Forbes to James Crombie, with suggestions for finding out more about Frederick Forbes' death.

Extract (copied by Alexander Forbes) from Deposition of a Persian servant who accompanied the late Dr. Forbes to Seistan and was present at the time of that Officer's murder, signed by H.G. Rawlinson, 25 September 1841. At the end is a note by Alexander Forbes to say this was sent by Forbes & Co. of Bombay 30 December 1841. The date of this note is 17 February 1841, but this probably is a mistake for 1842 - see postmarks on envelope.

30 August 1841, James Milne of Muir of Inch to James Crombie, acknowledging cheque.

19 November 1841, James Milne to James Crombie, sympathy on the death of Frederick Forbes.

7 January 1842, E. Buxton of London to James Crombie, letter together with a cutting from The Examiner of a short account of Frederick Forbes' murder.

31 July 1844. The estate of Frederick Forbes ... in account with Forbes & Co., Bombay.

List of Ogilvie-Forbes of Boyndlie: MSS preserved in the King's College Library Aberdeen; listed at National Register of Archives, Scotland.


Given by P. Crombie

TS copy of a letter from an unknown writer to Signor Adelgais in Lisbon, written from Cochin, India, 10 January 1580. (The original Portuguese office copy is now in the office of the Madura Co. Cochin.) Describes voyage to India; the general state of Cochin; profitable merchandise and business prospects; and the marvels of the country.

Additional material given by Mr. P. Crombie, 1973.

Madras 1941-1942.

Government of Madras: Public (Political) Department.

G.O. No. 19, 2nd January, 1942. Islands - Laccadives, Ameni and Minicoy - Inspection, 1941 - Report - Orders passed. (by) P. Crombie, Esq., I.C.S., Inspecting Officer of the Laccadives and Amindiri Islands, to the Collectors of Malabar and South Kanara dated 10th March, 1941.

TS note, 4 pp., by P .Crombie as background material for the Inspection note, giving history of administration of the Islands.


(Leonard Mellor Crosfield)

Donated by Yoma Crosfield Ullman

Born in 1899, Leonard Crosfield studied at Oxford before joining the Oxford and Bucks. Light Infantry for service in Northern France in 1918. After the war he joined the Burmah Oil Company, for whom he worked until his retirement in 1949 having achieved the position of Manager, Burmah Oil Co. (India Concessions) Ltd. in Karachi, where he served during Partition. During his time with the BOC he served throughout Burma and, after 1941, in North India and Calcutta. He retired to Britain (via a visit to South Africa) in 1949, where he lived until his death in 1987.

The bulk of the work in cataloguing this collection was carried out by Yoma Crosfield Ullman, Mr Crosfield's daughter, prior to its donation to the Centre of South Asian Studies. The Centre would like to express their gratitude to Ms Ullman for the donation and for the enormous amount of work she has put into it.

Ms Crosfield Ullman's chronology of her father's career and introduction to the collection are accessible by clicking one of the links below. Full details of the photographs contained in the albums are available by searching the database of archival photographs. Follow the link below, click on 'Photos' and then on 'Search'. Entering 'Crosfield' as the search term in the donor field will bring up the entire collection. Throughout the notes and catalogue entries for this collection the initials LMC, YCU and MEC are used to denote Leonard Mellor Crosfield, Yoma Crosfield Ullman and Margaret Eileen Crosfield.

Introduction Chronology Photos database


Box 1:

  1. Memoir: Yoma Crosfield Ullman, 'A memoir of a childhood in India', np, 1999, 79pp
  2. Memoir: Margaret Eileeen Crosfield, 'Reminiscences of Margaret Eileen Crosfield (nee Daniel), dictated on July 14, 17 and 18, 1982', transcribed by Yoma Crosfield Ullman, np, 1982, 75 pp.
  3. Xerox copy of letter, 17.8.1947, from LMC giving an account of his experiences during the handover of power in Pakistan.
  4. Xerox copy of undated letter from MEC to 'Mums and Pops' giving an account of experiences during the handover of power in Pakistan.

Photograph albums:

Album 1:
1918-1919 - Military service in Northern France. Further notes containing background information to this album can be accessed by clicking here.

Album 2a:
1921 - Voyage to Burma: Rangoon. Labelled by LMC as 'LM Crosfield, "Ednaville"'. This album shows the passage to Rangoon, via the Suez Canal. Scenes from on board the ship and from the stops along the way and also has scenes of LMC's early times in Rangoon. Further notes giving background and physical information about this album can be accessed by clicking here.

Album 2b:
1921 - Voyage to Burma: Rangoon. Largely a duplicate of 2A, mostly without captions. For more information click here.

Album 3:
1921-1928. Burma 1921-26. Home leave in the UK, 1926. Burma 1927-28. For more information click here.

Album 4:
Burma: Rangoon and 'up-country'. This album appears to have been compiled by LMC's parents using photographs he sent back to the UK for them. There are few dates available in the album, although some of the photographs are duplicates of others in the collection. For more information click here.

Album 5:
1927-1929. Labelled by LMC: 'Chauk 1927-29' Contains photos of oil fields, trips on river steamers, and LMC's life while stationed in Chauk. For more information click here.

Album 6:
1929. Burma: Chauk, Yenangyaung, Pagan, Mount Popa, Taunggyi etc. Album is labelled 'L.M. Crosfield: BOC, Nyounghla'. For more information click here.

Album 7:
1930-1932. Burma, Chittagong, India. Domestic scenes of Burma and Northern India. Captions are not written on all photographs and were probably added later. For more information click here.

Album 8:
1933. Chittagong. Album contains scenes of return trip from home leave in 1933 (during which he married Margaret Eileen Daniel) and domestic scenes from Northern India. For more information click here.

Album 9:
1933. England, Chittagong, most of album from Rangamati. Mostly views of lakes, elephants, boats and local markets. Also scenes of tea gardens and tea tastings. For more information click here.

Album 10:
1933-1936. Album titled 'Chittagong 1933-36' but also includes photographs of Akyab, Sylhet, Dawki, Guptakhal and Shillong. Includes industrial scenes and Girl Guides pictures. For more information click here.

Album 11:
1935. Shillong, Chittagong, Akyab, Oodaleah, Dohazari, Rangamati, Digboi. Domestic, travelling and BOC scenes. For more information click here.

Album 12:
1933-1936. Chittagong. Visit of Viceroy Willingdon and more Girl Guide scenes. For more information click here.

Album 13:
1936-1939. Chittagong, England, Belgium. MEC returns to UK to have a baby, LMC follows her and then travels to Belgium. Family return to Chittagong: more domestic scenes. For more information click here.

Album 14:
1939-1943. Burma, India. Album probably compiled in England retrospectively - chronology is not accurate. For more information click here.

Album 15:
1940-1944. Burma, India. Scenes from Rangoon and Digboi - domestic, school and Guiding scenes. Album also includes photographs of Agra, Darjeeling, Taxila, Shillong and Peshawar. For more information click here.

Album 16:
1944-1946. Mostly Calcutta and Darjeeling. Domestic scenes, portraits and Guiding. For more information click here.

Album 17:
January 1947 - April 1949. To p.41, album contains scenes in Pakistan.
P. 41 to the end, scenes of South Africa. For more information click here.

Other material donated:

  1. Book: Taw Sein Ko, C.I.E., I.S.O, Archaeological notes on Pagan, with plan, Rangoon, 1926. Location: Archive books, CR1
  2. Cinéfilm: approximately 500' in length. Catalogue to follow.
  3. 13 loose photographs, mostly corporate, sporting and social groups and one portrait, Burma and Chittagong, 1920-1934. See photograph database for full details


(Mrs. Joan S. Cruikshank)

Descriptive handlist of papers collected

TS articles written and published in India. copyright

  1. Camping in Oudh; letters from a mother in camp to her little girl who stayed at home:
    • 'Our tea party.' 1928.
    • 'Our morning ride.' 1927.
    • 'About the Chawkidars and the cough mixture.' 1932.
    • 'About a dinner party we were given but really gave ourselves.' 1932.
    • 'Mugger shooting.' 1932.
  2. Camp doings day by day:
    • 'Baksheesh One Anna:' 1930.
    • 'A Shikar in the Terau: a "Lucky Pig".' 1932.
    • 'When you meet a bear.' 1924.
    • 'A jungle lord walks abroad.' Written in India 1930, copied and published in 1936.
    • '"Tibbie" - cat v. krait.' 1931.
    • 'Visiting purdah ladies in Oudh.' 1928.
    • 'A flight of wild duck.' 1930.
    • 'An evening with a rajah's family.' 1928.
    • 'From a howdah - "Mark":' 1932.
  3. On the road in India:
    • 'Motoring in the enchanted hour.' 1929.
    • 'A night's rest in the Himalayas.' 1931.
  4. A short story, 'The missionary and the Chawkidar.' 1939.
  5. 'Jail - an inspection.' 1928.
  6. TS extracts from A Memsahib in India by Joan. S. Cruikshank. (Reminiscences of the wife of a Deputy Commissioner in U.P.)
  7. TS article 'A meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in Naini Tal', 1932.


(Sir John Cumming)

Given by Miss J. Robson.

Bengal 1897: 1898: 1928

  1. Notebook: J.G. Cumming, December 1898 Midnapore.
    • Notes on Land Acquisition
    • Revenue Sales
    • Public Demands Recovery
    • Patni Sales
    • Permanent Settlement
    • Regulation VII of 1872 etc.
  2. Notebook: Midnapore from August 1897, J.G. Cumming. Diary: 10-31 August of tour of Midnapore District.
  3. Commonplace book. Vol. II. J.G. Cumming 1928 - mainly newspaper cuttings, of which the majority are obituaries of Indian I.C.S. and those with Indian connections.
  4. Note on the possibility of applying to the Bengal Province the principles underlying the Resolutions of the Industrial Conference held at Naini Tal in August 1907.
  5. TS of Tagore poem The Kokil trans. W. Sutton Page.
  6. Political map of India and Pakistan 1956.

See: Books, Photographs


(Patrick Henry Cummins, I.M.S.)

Given by Mrs. C.E. Cummins

N.W.F.P., Assam, Burma, Bengal: 1925-1945

  1. Summary of Service of and Confidential Reports on Patrick Henry Cummins, I.M.S. (3 sheets).
  2. Map of Assam.
  3. Government Officers' Diary for 1942 when in No. 1 Field Ambulance Unit in Burma.
  4. Diary for 1943-44 Burma.
  5. Notebook of jottings: medical notes, etc.
10 Large Photographs:
  1. 1927, Poona; I.M.S. Officers on training course, P.H. Cummins and others.
  2. 1929, Cannanore; 12th Malabar Battalion Madras Pioneers; Gopal & Co.
  3. 1930, G.M.H. Landikotal, Khyber Pass; hockey team; S.M. Shaw.
  4. 1930/31, Razmak, barracks with hills in, background.
  5. 1934, Rawalpindi; No.l Indian Hospital Corps Hockey team; M.R. Sharma.
  6. 1934, Rawalpindi; Staff of I.M.H. M. T.
  7. 1935, Gauhati, Assam; Medical and Jail staff; Ghoshal Brothers.
  8. 1936, Imphal; Medical Staff; J. Purkayastha.
  9. 1943, Hoshiapur, Punjab; No.l Burma Field Ambulance Unit.
  10. 1945, Dacca, Bengal, Nursing Training Wing, 77, Indian General Hospital; O.C. Lt. Col. P.H. Cummins.


Given by Mrs. J.A. Currie.

  1. Books on permanent loan from Mrs. J.A. Currie, to the Archive Collection of the Centre of South Asian Studies. June 1973.
    • LEWIN, Thomas Herbert (Grandfather of Mrs. J.A. Currie) Hill proverbs of the inhabitants of the Chittagong Hill tracts. Calcutta, 1873.
    • An account of the Koch Bihar State - Koch Bihar 1876.
    • Progressive colloquial exercises in the Lushai Dialect of the 'Dzo' or Kuki language ... Calcutta 1874.
    • A manual of Tibetan ... Calcutta 1879.
    • The Hill tracts of Chittagong and the dwellers therein. - Calcutta 1869.
    • Wild races of South-Eastern India - London 1870.
    • Chhota Haziree by Jeanie and Tom - Calcutta 1866.
    • Riebeck, E. The Chittagong hill-tribes ... London 1885. trans. A.H. Keane.
    • McCulloch, Major W. Account of the valley of Mannipore ... Calcutta, 1859.
    • Lee, J. The Indian. Mutiny: events at Cawnpore. Cawnpore 1886.
    • Mohindronauth Mookerjee. Memoir of the late Hon. Justice Onoocool Chunder Mookerjee. 2nd ed. Calcutta, 1876.
    • Moonshi Jadunath Ghose. The Rajopakhyan or history of Kooch Behar. trans. Rev. R. Robinson. Calcutta, 1874.
    • Hughes, Gwynne (Major). The Hill tracts of Arakan. Rangoon, 1881. (badly eaten by ants)
    • Sladen, E.B. Official narrative of the expedition to explore the trade routes to China via Chamo. Calcutta, 1870.
    • Coleman, Charles. The mythology of the Hindus ... London 1832.
    • Zehic-ed-Din Muhammed Baber: Memoirs ... trans ... by John Leyden and William Erskine . . . London 1825.
    • Hunter, W.W. Proof sheets, Chapters I & II of A Statistical account of Bengal. Private, unpublished. n.d. post 1873.
    • Ware, Edgar J. Report on a visit to Sikkim and the Thibetan Frontier in October, November and December 1873. Calcutta, 1874.


(J.C. Curry)


'Memoirs of an Indian policeman.' 2 vols.


Regulations for Indian police examination. 1907.

Copy of prayer for the success of King George V on the outbreak of war presented to the District Magistrate and District Superintendent of Police, Sukkur Sind, by the Brahmans of the shrine at Sadhbela. 1914.

Memorial to the Secretary of State for India. 1915. (copy.)

Report on transborder raids. 1916.

Sind Official Gazette - conveying thanks of Government for services in connection with transborder raids. 1917.

Reorganization proposal for the Sind Police. 1917.

Annual report of the police of the City of Bombay. 1919.

Two copies of 'Climate and migrations', by J.C. Curry. 1929.


Rules regulating the General Provident Fund (corrected up to the end of July 1919).

'Note on criminal tribes in Sind (Sind C.I.D. 15 January 1917) with appendix.' Sub-Inspector Karamchand's notes on Bauriah camping places, distinguishing marks and dialect.

Government of Bombay. Judicial department. Order No. 6773 Bombay Castle 14 August 1919.

Government of India. Home Department Notification. Political No. 2032 The Sind Official Gazette, 10 June 1920. Report of the Committee ... 14 October 1919 to investigate disturbances in Bombay, Delhi and the Punjab ... The following correspondence which has passed between the Secretary of State and the Government of India regarding the findings of the Committee and the action to be taken on the Report is published for general information. (10 double sheets.)

Copy of confidential letter to the Home Secretary to the Government of Bombay, on protection of police officers and other Government servants under the new constitution. 8 October 1932. Simla. 8 pp.

Extract from the Bihar and Orissa Police Manual '.Sections 715-719. 3 pp.

Copy of confidential letter from G.F.S. Collins, Secretary to the Government of Bombay, Home Department, to the Secretary to the Government of India, Home Department, on police officers: need for amendment of Sec. 197 of the Criminal Procedure Code. 16 April 1931. 2 pp.

Copy of letter from H.V. Emerson, Secretary to the Government of India to the Home Secretary to the Government of Bombay on proposed amendment of Section 197 of the Criminal Procedure Code so as to include all police officers within its scope. 30 June 1931. 3 pp.

Copy of strictly confidential letter to the Secretary to the Government of Bombay, Home Department, Poona, to the Office of the Inspector-General of Police, Post Box No. 2, Poona, 27 October 1932, on protection of police officers and other Government servants under the new constitution. 10 pp.

Letter from Private Secretary to the Governor of Bombay to J.C. Curry, 6 February 1933, and the official resume of his career.

Table showing the results of concurrent competitive examinations held on 25 June ... 1907 of candidates ... in the Indian Police Force ... and Police Service of the Straits Settlements.

G.I.P. Railway Bomb Case. Charge and description of the case. 12 April 1930. 12 sheets.

Unrevised minutes of evidence taken before the Joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reform. 20 June 1933. H.M.S.O. 1933.

Police report of the Bombay Presidency including Sind and railways for the year 1924 (Bombay 1925); 1925 (Bombay 1926).

The historic trial of Ali Brothers, Dr. Kitchlew, Shri Shankaracharya, Maulana Hussain Ahmed, Pir Ghulam Mujaddid and Maulana Nisar Ahmed, 1921. Part I: Proceedings in the Lower Court, with a foreword by Mahatma Gandhi. publ. The 'New Times' Office Karachi, 1921 or 1922. Part II: Proceedings in the Sessions Court, 1922.

Judicial Department. Office of the Commissioner in Sind. Memorandum. Administration report of the Police Department in Sind for the years 1917, 1918, 1920, 1921.


Notes by J.C. Curry:

Letter (copy) 24 November 1916 to V. Vivian, Assistant Director of Criminal Intelligence, Delhi, from D.I.G. of Police's Office, Karachi on proceedings against Mahomed Hassan, tailor, and Munshi Mahmud. Copy sent to Curry.

Statement of Mahomedali Shah of Pithoro Madressah, 19 December 1916. TS and original MS.

Committal form into custody of Sheikh Abdul Majid of Hyderabad (Sind) 12 December 1916.

Summary of proceedings of a conference held at Lahore in the office of the Inspector General of Police on 21 October 1916, on inquiries into Afghan conspiracies.

Letters and statements re arrest of Mahomed Hassan, tailor, of Kacho Uhlando Hyderabad. MS notes on conversation with same. TS list of contents found in Mahomed Hassan's shop. TS copy of statement of Mahomed Hassan.

Copy of TS letter to Mr. Lawrence from Camp Hyderabad, Sind. 4 January 1917 Signature MCG.

Copy of TS letter from Curry to the Commissioner in Sind, Camp Hyderabad, 12 December 1916, about arrest of Sheikh Abdul Majid of Hyderabad, Sind.

Copy of telegram.

Copy of 'Notes on the examination of Sheikh Abdul Majid on 12 December 1916' TS and MS.

TS copy of statement of Sheikh Abdul Majid.

MS copy of letter from Curry to the Commissioner in Sind on Sheikh Abdul Majid.

Printed statement of Matlub-ur-Rahman, recorded on 24 September 1916 (with index). 16 pp.

Printed statement of Saiyid Hadi Hasan, son of Mehdi Hasan of Khan Jahanpur district Muzaffarnagar, age about 34 years, 21 September 1916 (with index). 18 pp.

Printed statement of Maulvi Muhammad Hanif of Deoband recorded on 18 October 1916 (with index). 6 pp.

MS draft of letter from Curry to the Commissioner in Sind, Camp Hyderabad 12 December 1916, about arrest of Sheikh Abdul Majid.

TS copy of transfer of Sheikh Abdul Majid from Karachi District Prison to the Hyderabad Central Jail.

MS list of Sindhi or probable Sindhi in the List of Army of God.

Printed statement of Hakim Abdur Razzaq Ansari, 7-11 November 1916. (with appendix and index.)

Printed statement of Maulvi Muhammad Masud of Deoband, 6 November 1916 (with index).

Printed statements of Muhammad Jalil, 11 and 13 November 1916 (with index).

Printed statement of Maulvi Mazharuddin, son of Shaikh Ali Bakhsh of Sherkot, district Bijnor, recorded 14 November 1916.

Printed statement of Maulvi Zahur Muhammad Khan, 3 November 1916 (with index).

Printed statement of Maul vi Saiyid Muhammad Murtaza Hasan, son of Hakim Bunyad Ali of Chandpur, District Bijnor, 5 October 1916.

Printed statement of Abdul Haq alias Jiwan Das, son of Lorinda Ram, age 33 years caste Sheikh, of village Varchha, Police Station Junjiyal, District Shahpur. n.d. but printed 11 September 1916.

Printed statement of Ahmad Ali, son of Habibullah, caste Shaikh, of Chak Babu, Police Station and District Gujranwala, aged about 30 years. n.d. but printed 8 October 1916.

Printed statement of Maulvi Abu Muhammad Ahmad, son of Ghulam Hussain, caste Awan, resident of village Chakwal, District Jhelum, now Imam of Masjid Sufi in Kashmiri Bazar, Lahore, age 50 years. n.d. but printed 9 October 1916.

TS supplementary statement of Ahmadali.

TS supplementary statement of Abdullah Laghari.

Copy of TS letter from Secretary to the Government of Bombay, Home Department to the Inspector General of Police, Bombay Presidency, on proposals for affording protection to police officers and other Government servants under the new constitution, 18 October 1932.

Notes by Curry on the report of the Commissioner of Police, 1919, on the development of political agitation in Bombay City.

A report from the Commissioner of Police, Bombay, to the Government of Bombay (1919) concerning political developments before and during 1919; Home Rule agitation during 1919; Rowlatt Act and results; Gandhi's part; Satyagraha Movement and its suspension; assessment of situation created. There are supposed to be a number of appendices to this report, but so far have not been found. 22 February 1969. MT.

Note by Curry on the weekly reports from the Sind C.I.D., 1921.

Weekly Reports from the Sind C.I.D., 1921. These are weekly reports of the Non-cooperative Movement in Sind for 1921.

Book presented: Coatman, John. Portrait of an Englishwoman. London, 195?


(G.C.S. Curtis, O.B.E., I.C.S.)

Monograph on Mahsud Tribes. Printed by Government of India. Issued to Government of Pakistan - 1948. Printed at Peshawar. Foolscap. 561 pp.

This monograph is a census report and also includes detailed descriptions the personalities of the groups and individuals powerful in the tribes.

Contents: Mahsud politics. pp. 1-5

The Mahsud tribe. pp. 6-11

Mahsud tribal table. p. 12

South Waziristan Convoy. pp. 13-15

Mahsud enumeration. pp. 15-17

Shabi Khel tribe (Alizai). pp. 18-85

Manzai tribe (Alizai), pp. 86-260

Shaman Khel tribe. pp. 261-355

Bahlolzai tribe. pp. 356-561