Letters etc. relating to the India Office project which resulted in collecting papers on district administration during 1930-47 and the eventual publication of the book. The District Officer in India edited by Roland Hunt and published 17pp.
Report of the A.G.M. of the I.C.S. (Retired) Assoc. on 12 October 1977 in which this was reported, 2pp.
35 inscriptions on Tombstones in Ellichpur Cemetery, Berar taken June 1931 by ESH with note, 4pp.
Another copy, 3pp.
File B: Miscellaneous
Correspondence relating to inquiry from R. Chakravati, Bhopal, to ESH about Elwin correspondence.
Memorandum on openings in the Home Civil Service and Foreign Service for… ex I.C.S. etc. (1946) 7pp.
Memorandum on Vacancies ins the Colonial Service …for ex I.C.S. etc. 4pp.
File C: India Office
Letters, circulars, forms, pamphlets relating to retirement from I.C.S pensions, terms, compensation, income tax relating to ESH, 1946-1965.
Three letters from David Baxter of St. Stephen’s College, Delhi, to ESH. Written from Western Australia, asking for comment, information for his forthcoming book on the Central Provinces and Berar. 7.12.75; 14.4.76; 19.6.76. Xerox copy of a paper on ‘The Art of Governing: Sir Montagu Butler, the Central Provinces and Berar, India 1925-33’, 23pp. Letter from Librarian of IOL., 26.5.76.
Envelope containing press cuttings on Bastar, (post Independence).
Undated newspaper cuttings on Naga rebellion 1956.
Envelope containing miscellaneous, newspaper cuttings, most undated, but many 1947/8.
TS of ESH’s speech as Administrator Bastar State at the Dasehra of 1937. 8pp.
Printed copy of Dasehra speech of 1938 (printed) 4pp.
Printed copy of Dasehra speech of 1939, 4pp.
TS Notes, on Medical work in Bastar State (1938) 4pp.
Printed speech at Opening of the Maharani Hospital, Jagdalpur, Bastar State (?1938).
Another copy with TS.
Papers relating to the proposal to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh States Agency:
Memorandum on the Proposal to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh. States Agency by ESH (Administrator, Bastar State) to N. Mitchell (P.A.) 30 September, 1939, Jagdalpur, 10pp.
Note on proposal, 18pp.
Letter from J.P. Mills, 15.4.40 commenting, 2pp.
Appreciation of the effects of the present policy of the Bastar Administration on the primitive population, by Yerrier Elwin, 11 February, 1940, 5pp.
Letter from Norval Mitchell, 24 April, 1940, in Jagdalpur, (Administrator, Bastar State from April 1940) relating to Govt. of Bastar.
Another 26 June, 1940, to Major R.R. Burnett, P.A. Chhattisgarh States, Raipur, relating to financial and anthropological aspects of proposed Govt. reforms, 5pp.
TS note July 1940 from W.V. Grigson, (Aboriginal Enquiry Officer) at Chhindwara, C.P. on his opposition to the idea of imposing uniform institutions based on British India models on Indian States which contain aboriginal people. 15pp.
Letter from Norval Mitchell, 2.8.40, on Bastar Admin.
Another, 27.8.40 about criticisms by (J.P.) Mills and (W.V.) Grigson of Govt’s. proposals. Hyde’s reply, 3pp.
Copy of Mitchell’s letter to (R.R.) Burnett, 27.9.40 relating to criticisms, and memorandum from Mitchell to Burnett on the Proposal to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh States Agency, 30.9.39., 6pp.
Copy of Memorandum from ESH (Administrator) on the Proposed Agency Policy reserve force for the Bastar States, 28 July, 1939. Also a note on Kadam Larai.
Report on rinderpest in Sihora Tahsil during the year 1945 by S.D. Shakla, 2pp, 2 copies.
Note from Lt. Col. A.G. Stewart to the Adjutant General, G.H.Q. New Delhi on an allegation made by the D.C. Jubbulpore (ESH) that he had made an improper attempt to influence the Courts of Justice, 2pp.
MS petition for a job to the Raja of Bastar, 11 April, 1937.
Request for sanction to write-off buildings, 4 December, 1930.
Statement from Grindlays Bank.
Application by ESH for employment in Political Dept. 5 February 1935, 2pp.
Account of the opening of the Maharani Hospital, Jagdalpur (25 February, 1938).
Letter to architect 14 April, 1938.
TS Article ‘The Indian Prince’ (by ESH.) and a comment, 4pp. n.d.
Letters and addresses of farewell to ESH on leaving Bastar, 1940, 14pp.
Letters from Indians, 1937-43.
Letters from Sir Montagu Butler, 24.7.33 and E.C. Gibson, 12.3.33 on ESH’s transfer to Bastar and from Sir Henry Twynham on transfer to Assam, 28.5.42, 4pp.
Letter from Eric Gill about his portrait of the Maharani of Bastar, for the hospital. 25 April, 1938.
Various letters, 6pp.
Letter from C. Gordon to ESH, Pachmarhi, C.P. on an examination failure, 23.10.30., 2pp.
Printed rules for the regulation of procedure of officers appointed to administer justice in the Lushai Hills, 25 March, 1937, and rules…in the Balipara Frontier Tract, 26 March., 1937, 4pp.
Letter from A.G. McCall, in Shillong, on the situation, and ESH’s retirement, 16.7.44., 6pp.
Two reports from the India Branch Office of the Association of British Chemical Manufacturers: Progress Reports Nos. 7 and 11 Bombay, 26 November, 1947 and 15 July, 1947.
File 7: Papers relating to the I.C.S. Pension and Retirement; leave; 1913-1947.
File 8: Lushai and Chin Hills, 1942-47 War
MS notes, articles, letters, etc. written 1943-4, together with newspaper cuttings of 1966, all relating to the war in the Lushai and Chin Hills (including printed incitement to desert addressed to Gurkhas of the I.N.A.).
TS photographs relating.to 1943-44 Lushai Hills and McCall’s Total Defence Scheme.
E.S. Hyde’s Identity Card, Indian Civil, Govt. of Assam.
6 Single news-sheets printed at Pastor Thankynga Press, Aijal for 1942 – June, 10, 11, July 2 (2), 8 November.
8 Letters from F.W. Haswell (Area Commander Chin Hills in T.D.S.) about his levies, and the war situation from Falam in the Chin Hills; gives atmosphere of the Total Defence Scheme 17.6.42 15.12.42.
a. Letter from Ian Bowman about S. Lushai defence forces. 21.9.42. Includes TS poem on The Leech, by Ian Bowman.
TS statement by Lalsiamliana son of Thuama of Chengpui who joined the 3rd Battalion, Burma Rifles and was taken prisoner by the Japanese and released eventually after about 8 months. Describes conditions and Japanese treatment. Recorded by L.L. Peters, Subdivisional Officer, Lungleh, 2pp.
TS letter, from Norman Kelly (Asst. Sup. Chin Hills) at Tiddim, about Japanese arrest of friendly Chins, and organisation of food for his levies, 6.11.42., 2pp.
Circular from G.O.C. in C. Eastern Army on reasons for limited operations in the Arakan, 15 May, 1943.
TS: E.S.H’s. Note on Lushai Hills Defence Scheme; relations, between V Force, and Political Officers. 8pp. Note of acknowledgement on behalf of the Governor (by J.P. Mills) 4 August, 1943.
Letter from G.E. Turnbull in Bungtlang to E.S.H., about need for food supplies, and conditions in other tribal areas, 9.3.44., 2pp.
Letter about murder of Peter Bankes, and situation in general, 20 March, 1944.
Confidential report on S. Lushai Hills by the Addnl. Supt. Lushai Hills in the fortnight ending 10.12.43., 2pp.
Confidential report on the N. Lushai Hills in the first helf of March 1944 by the Suptdt. Lushai Hills, 16.3.44.
a. Letter of appreciation to the Indian Tea Association for the help given by Indian tea planters during the war from ES11 1.8.44. Includes reply.
Letter from Ian Bowman, in Liverpool, to ESH about his war service, 25.5.49.
Correspondence with the Society of Postal Historians, 1976, 6pp.
Pennant used by ESH, and two Lushai combs. (Presented to University Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge).
Maps 1/4 inch of Aijal, Haka, Lungleh, Tiddim. 1″ = 32m of Burma.
Autobiographical Memoir: ‘India, First Person Singular’. 66 ff.
Beginnings in the Central Provinces: Jubbulpore
Arrived in Bombay on 30 November 1928. Reminiscences of the voyage, first encounter of anti-Muslim feeling.
Journey to Jubbulpore. First meetings with Austin Layard, Deputy Commissioner and C.J. Irwin, the Commissioner. Hyde takes over as Assistant Commissioner and becomes Third Class Magistrate.
Reasons for choosing the Central Provinces. Describes his time at Cambridge and preparation for I.C.S. entrance exams at ‘Scoone’s Crammer’, London.
Outline of the scenery and culture of Central Provinces. Explains structure of Provincial Government and its ‘Indianization’.
Governor, Sir Montague Butler.
Working for Departmental Examinations. Duties as mining officer. Asked to become Reserve Officer by 1st/17th Dogra Regiment, Indian Army, and accepts. Importance of ‘Land Revenue’ work in District Officer’s duties.
‘Flowering of the Bamboos’ and the ensuing plague of rats. Visits ‘scarcity camps’ in North Eastern area following partial crop failure in 1928.
The ‘Famine Code’. Involved listing those entitled to ‘gratuitous relief’. Visited old and sick. Often shocked by these visits. Began to realise the extent of the poverty problem.
Posted as Famine Assistant to Damoh, a minor District adjoining the Budelkhand States. Severe distress. Visit to Government House at Pachmarhi. Played first game of golf in India. September 1929 in Damoh, had first attack of fever. Taken to British Military Hospital in Jubbulpore. After convalescence posted back to Jubbulpore. Describes social events of ‘cold weather’ period – torchlight tatoo, etc.
Start of Congress Committee’s Civil Disobedience Campaign and Gandhi’s arrest. Fear of riots. Posted to town of Katni to arrange protection of local Europeans but no trouble. Hyde’s thoughts on the situation.
Berar and Places East
In ‘hot weather’ of 1930 transferred to Amraoti in Berar. New system of Land Revenue Law because Berar leased from Nizam of Hyderabad. ‘Berar Question’. Describes Amraoti water shortage. Many local officials moved to nearby hill station. District Superintendent of Police, Nelson, arrives. Hyde has great respect for him.
Much trouble from ‘civil disobedience’ in Maratha country. Expresses dislike for Congress Party ‘agitators’ and their ‘methods’. Gives two examples of women and cripples being used in demonstration.
Explains expansion of cotton growing and consequent destruction of accessible woodland. Creation of ‘babul bans’.
Hyde appointed Sub-Divisional Officer and Magistrate of Chandhur Morsi Sub-Division. Goes on tour with Sikh Divisional Forest Officer, Hira Singh. ‘Cawnpore Massacres’ – Singh’s comments.
Importance of cotton crop to European community.
Christmas leave in Bombay.
Describes celebrations for Nizam’s birthday.
Observations on the villages of Berar.
Hyde posted to Ellichpur – first independent charge, situated at foot of Melghat Hill, on northern fringe of Berar Plain. Substantial Muslim community. First involvement in Muslim culture. Impressed by their dignity.
Much work. Made an Additional District Magistrate – tries more important cases. Recounts interesting gang robbery case. Hyde involved in ‘Tawler case’. He recorded the key confession. Describes events leading up to the confession and recounts the story he heard. Trial held in Amraoti. Accused found guilty and sentenced to death by Judge C.R. Hemeon. Case went to appeal and men acquitted. Expresses opinion that witnesses were bribed and coerced into altering evidence by accused’s family who were very powerful locally. Future difficulty in convicting influential men. Very heavy monsoon in 1931. Attempts to establish a flood relief committee. Descriptions of Chikalda – a pleasant Hill Station in Melghat Talug. Invited to stay by D.C. While on night-time tiger shoot gets badly bitten by mosquitos. Develops sepsis in his knee and has to undergo surgery without anaesthetic.
New outbreak of civil disobedience. Hyde posted as Additional Under Secretary to Home Department of the Provincial Government in Nagpur.
Nagpur and Home Leave
Worked under Sir Hyde Gowan, Chief Secretary at the Nagpur Secretariat.
Acted as Secretary to the ‘Defence Committee’, presided over by Raghavendra Rao, the Home Member. Hyde gets appendicitis. Applied for home leave. Gets married in June and returns to India with wife and motor car in November 1932.
Describes eventful car journey from Bombay to Raipur, Headquarters of Chattisgarh Division, most backward area of C.P. Inhabited by Chamar untouchables. Hyde in charge of Eastern Sub-division.
Early 1933 goes on tour. Visits Zamindaris. Then posted to Seoni.
Independent sub-division on Satpura plateau. High proportion of aboriginal Gonds in population. Brief description of lifestyle in Seoni. Visited by ‘Gandhiji’. Felt tremors from Bihar earthquake of 1934.
Partial crop failure. Again making precautions for famine relief. Visited by Gowan and invited to his Christmas camp.
Autumn – sits ‘Reserves’ promotion exams in Poona. Weekend in Nagpur watching Provincial XI play MCC touring side.
Imprisonment of Subas Chandra Bose. Hyde’s opinions.
Early 1934 visited by Mr Gibson of Indian Political Department, first Agent to the Governor General of the new Eastern States Agency. Shortly afterwards offered post of Administrator for Bastar State.
Notes and Glossary.
Good descriptions of the State and its history and people. Hyde referred to as ‘the Diwan’ because administered State on behalf of the Maharani Prafulla Kumari Devi.
Much to learn. Mrs Hyde pregnant. Heavy monsoon. Crop damage and much flooding. Takes wife to Nagpur for medical consultation. Cholera epidemic occurs. Considers value of centralized power structure in such emergencies. Some deaths in the State jail from phynodema (vitamin A deficiency).
Many schemes initiated or developed e.g. road from Raipur to Madras.
Presidency metalled. Plans begun for a hospital in Jagdalpur. Working plan for Golapalli Reserve Forest completed.
Visits Madras to see Commissioner of Excise about opium smuggling.
Maharani returns from England. Much revered by local people. Describes first correspondence and meeting with her.
Hyde’s eldest son born in December. In January accompanies Maharani to Delhi. Attends all-India conference on wildlife. Maharani talks with Viceroy. Problem of her husband, Profulla Chandra Singh Bhanj Deo, being Hindu man yet lower in status than his wife. April 1935 Maharani left Bastar. Returned to England in July, seriously ill. In her absence Hyde led Silver Jubilee Celebrations for King George V and Queen Mary. Maharani died in February 1936. Six year old son, Pravin Chandra Deo, proclaimed Maharaja. Interesting descriptions of ceremony and traditions.
Describes a form of bond service existing in Bastar. Evasion of ‘Kabadi Rules’. Fascinating descriptions of the tribes of Bastar, chiefly the Muria and Maria. Also Halba people and their involvement in the local salt trade. No caste restrictions but belief in black magic was universal.
Some cases of human sacrifice in Bastar between 1927-1942. Recounts three cases. Opposed to black magic were seers, or sirahas. Emphasises importance of medical help to aboriginal people. Particular need to treat the disease ‘Yaws’. Also vaccination against smallpox.
Bastar very poor State – low land revenue. Some income from excise duty and forests. Travels with State Engineer. Learns to ‘divine water’. Sets up scheme to protect village nistar forests in Jagdalpur Tahsil.
Still in operation in 1975/76. Interesting descriptions of wildlife in the State. People and cattle killed by tigers and panthers. Recounts story of a large hunt in 1937/38 for a family of man-eating tigers.
Agricultural improvement difficult. Ran small experimental farm near Jagdalpur.
Very interesting descriptions of the celebration of. Desehra, the national festival of Bastar, which occurred in October.
Bastar quite rich in archaeological remains. Hyde begins plans to preserve certain temples.
Iron ore deposits found in Bailadila Hills.
Describes other varied duties, e.g. running the Court of Wards.
Hyde’s deputation to Bastar was to end in March 1940 but he felt so opposed to Congress Government, particularly with regard to minorities, that he refused to serve under them in British India. His request to stay in Bastar was refused and Hyde left, as directed, in March.
Five letters from Eric Gill to E.S. Hyde discussing the commission of a memorial portrait stone of the Maharani of Bastar. 7 November 1936 – 20 December 1937. 5ff.
Five letters from the Monotype Corporation Limited concerning a drawing of the proposed memorial. 10 April 1959 – 20 May 1960. 5ff
Sketch of the design of the memorial. Initialled E.G. 25.4.38′. If.
Undated note by Hyde on the Maharani of Bastar. Hyde explains that the Maharani Hospital in Bastar was called in her memory and when he returned to a posting in British India, he left Gill’s sculptured panel to be erected in the forecourt of the hospital. 2f.
Undated note by Gill which covered a working drawing of the relief sculpture. Gill notes that the sculpture was delivered to Jadalpur, Bastar in 1939. 1f
22 photographs of Hyde and various others in India.
2 certificates awarding a medal to Hyde.
News article ‘An Indian Aboriginal Tribe’.
A table of results of the final examination of the one-year Indian Civil Service Probationers, August 1928.
Covenant Of E.S Hyde, member of the Civil Service of India.
‘A visit to Pakistan, 40 years on’ 15th April-7th May 1986.
British business in India. What of the future?
The Indian Civil Service: Challenge and response between the two world wars by Ann Ewing.
Indian Civil Service (retired) association annual general meeting, 1980.
A case of human sacrifice in Antagarh Tahsil.
2 Invitations to Hyde to visit the centre of South Asian studies.
13 letters to Hyde from the director of the centre of South Asian studies, B.H Farmer.
A menu from the 5th of March 1975.
4 letters to Hyde from the national film archive.
Letter from the Indian Office Library and records.
Letter from the British library.
South Asian studies in Cambridge.
News article about the Maharanee’s Jewels.
The government servants’ conduct rules 1935.
The Statesman India Overseas edition, 29/8/1947.
A paper on the prospects of the Indian Civil Service.
2 news articles.
8 letters from the Office of the Accountant General.
Statement of income tax deductions.
Pay bill for Hyde.
Details of recoveries.
Letters about the Indian Civil Service Family Pension Fund.
Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 7
8 letters from Verrier Elwin mainly from Bastar, 1938-43 covering subjects: Mrs. Milward the Sculptress visiting Bastar; possibility of being Census Officer; religious attitude, and to being called up; remarks on the district, and work for aboriginals; his books; personalities.
TS note by Verrier Elwin written at the request of the Administrator, Bastar State (E.S. Hyde) on the effects of the present policy of administration of Bastar State on the tribal population. n.d. 5pp..
Printed article from The Mayurbhanj Chronicle, pp.31-32 by Satindra Narayan Roy ‘A Plea for Hinduisation of the Aboriginals of Mayurbhanj’ n.d.
Printed pamphlet by Verrier Elwin; ‘Loss of Nerve: a comparative study of the result of contact of peoples in the aboriginal areas of Bastar State and the Central Provinces of India’, (1940), 51pp. map.
4 letters from W.V. Grigson from Pachmahi, Jubbulpur; Jagdalpur; Hyderabad and Deccan. 1935-40: short items of news, and pithy comments on individuals esp. the Governor Sir Hyde Gowan; books, elections, anthropological notes. Letter of 22.11.37 on Hyderabad affairs and reforms for Bastar; letter of 21.1.40 remarks on Nawab Zahirrudin Khan etc.
16.7.37 Letter from ESH to Grigson. Anthropological notes. Population statistics for Abuj Marh and erosion. Letters, memorandum, articles by ESH, 1939-42.
Letter to the P.A. Chhattisgarh-States, Raipur 23.3.39. Detailed explanation of needs of aboriginals in Bastar in accordance with their life style, and relation to reforms in British India, 4pp.
Letter to W.V. Grigson, Aboriginal Tribes. Inquiry Officer C.P. and Berar, on the work of the agricultural, veterinary, Public Health and Medical Departments among the aboriginals (of Bastar) 10.1.41. 8pp.
A second copy.
TS article: Administration and the aboriginal, 9pp.
‘Report of some Catholic priests of Mandla District’ in connection with the questionnaires issued by the aboriginal tribes enquiry officer, 1940-41, 20pp.
MS notes (duplicates) Papers mostly relating to the enquiry by W.V. Grigson appointed by the C.P. Govt. to investigate the conditions of the aboriginal tribes in the Province, 1 May, 1940.
Letter from S. Singh relating to the murder of a boy (as a sacrifice) by Kishtaiya Raj Kamdar Mallampalli Illagno of Bhopalpatnam, 2pp.
Correspondence between Professor D.N. Majumdar, 1938 and E.S. Hyde. 7 letters relating to the anthropology and administration of tribal areas in Bastar, and correcting Majumdar’s statements in his paper on Tribal Cultures. Detailed MS corrections by J.C.R. Menon 22.12.38., etc.
File C Bastar
Letter from Norval Mitchell 28.9.41 to ESH on his pleasure in Bastar. On population etc. 3pp. env.
TS article on ‘The Dashera Festival in Bastar’ by J.C.K. Menon, Jagdalpur 25.8.38. 14pp.
Two letters from J.P. Mills in Shillong (23.4.40 and 17.5.40) commenting on ESH’s Bastar article, and on the rules for administering justice in excluded and partially excluded areas Manipur and Assam, 3pp.
Letter from Edward M. Gorst relating to ESH’s paper on Bastar reforms, 20 March, 1941.
Note on the proposal to introduce administrative reforms in Bastar, by E.S.H. TS, 18pp.
Letter from Herbert Fooks of the Bengal Timber Trading Co. Ltd. 3 November, 1941, on animal sanctuaries in India. 8pp.
Copy of Memorandum on the proposed Agency Police Reserve Force for the Eastern States, TS, 8pp. n.d.
File D Census 1941:
Three letters from Prof. D.N. Majumdar relating to data from Bastar, and commenting on J.H. Hutton’s theories on Mongolian infusion among people of Bastar. Further comments on Murias etc.
Copy of letter 19.5.39 from ESH to the P.A. Major Webb on appointment of Census Officer (Verrier Elwin) 2pp.
Copy of letter to J. H. Hutton in Cambridge relating to the Census.
Notes from D.S.P. Mandla to D.C. on Caste movements among aboriginals. 9.5.41.
Note from District Census Officer, Mandla, about parties among the Gonds, 17.5.41.
TS copy of letter to Sup. Census Op. C.P. on caste movement due to census inquiries among aboriginals 19.5.41.
Copy of letter 7.12.48 from ESH to J.H. Hutton in Cambridge and Hutton’s reply on his opinion as to accuracy of the 1941 census figures, and news from India; ESH’s reply, 3pp.
Correspondence between ESH and I.C.I. London and the editor of their Information Bulletin in India, on the accuracy of the 1941 Census in India, 29 December 1948 – 31 January 1941, 9pp.
Field notes by ESH, lp.
Page of notes 3.12.35 dictated by Dasru son of Bhadu Dhurwa of the Dhurwa caste to ESH about marriage and other caste customs.; also notes on vocabulary, 3pp.
Notes on the Mundi Manga (Begging for a ring) ceremony, by ESH. and S. Singly 17.7.37. 11pp.
File E War Security, 1940-45:
Typed speech by ESH to a meeting of the citizens of Jagdalpur and subjects of the Maharajahof Bastar, and a resolution passed by them, addressed to the King Emperor expressing their loyalty to him on the outbreak of War 4.9.39. 2pp.
Printed pages about the 12th. Battalion of the Dogra Regiment. 2pp.
Letter to ESH regarding the offer of assistance (financial) from Bastar State, for war purposes. 14 October 1939.
MS draft of letter from ESH to (J.) Christie 15.9.40 on civil disobedience movement, Indian subordinate administrative officers, and attitude of Govt. of India.
Letter from ESH to Principal Information Officer, Govt. India on War Publicity. Mandla 16.10.40, 2pp.
a. Letter from C.M. Trivedy P & M Dept. Govt. CP & B, to ESH relating to his pamphlet ‘Why we should support India’s war effort’, in particular a passage on Gandhi. 25.10.40.
TS copy of the above pamphlet.
Memorandum from ESH to the Secretary P & M Dept. Nagpur relating to recruitment for the war, and support of the officers who recruit. 4 December 1940, 3pp.
Draft MS letter 23.11.40 from ESHER Sir Henry (Twynham) criticising the P & M Dept’s confidential memorandum on the subject of recruiting (18.11.40) 5pp.
Copy of letter from C.M. Trivedi P & M Dept. regarding ESH’s resignation from the A.I.R.O. 27.11.40.
Copy of TS secret letter from ESH to the Commissioner, Jubbulpur Div. on Civil Disobedience, 28.12.40. 4pp.
Report by A.M. Holmes, D.S.P. of 19.6.41 to the D.C. on civil disobedience and public opinion and Congress propaganda at the beginning of the war, 2pp.
Letter from ESH 23.6.41 to C.M. Trivedi setting down freely his impressions of the state of public opinion and morale.
Another copy of the above, with a note by ESH on the publicity activities in the Mandla District, 23.6.41.
Another copy of ESH’s letter.
Another copy of ESH’s letter.
Letter from W.V. Grigson to ESH relating to this letter 7.7.41.
Another copy of ESH’s letter of 23.6.41., 3pp.
Copy of a speech. by a member of the Gondia Taluka Congress Committee, Bamhni, Mandla 2.5.41. Reported by S.H.O. Bamhni, 2pp.
Page of MS notes.
Letter from ESH 28.6.41 to Commissioner Jubbulpore Div. (G.C.F. Ramsden) about controlling satyagraha, 2pp.
Instructions for speakers on the War Effort, 12.9.41., by ESA, TS 3pp.
a-c TS copies of notes on the celebration of The 1942 Rebellion, in Nagpur and Berar by the Students’ Congress. n.d.
Receipt for binoculars, 23 January, 1942.
Pencil telegram offering Assam job to ESH 19.3.42.
Letter from Philip Mason, regarding I.C.S. officers having military rank, 8.6.42.
Letter from J. Wallace,. from Defence Dept., Govt. Burma, regarding supplies for Aijal; Burma Govt. difficulties; and Chin. Hills. 12 October, 1942, 2pp.
Letter from ESH to J.P. Mills about distinguishing marks for Political Officers in Lushai and Chin Hills:, 24.10. 42. 2pp.
Secret and personal letter from ESH, at Lingleh to a Brigadier about morale and attitude of the British army and RAF, 17.6.42. 5pp.
MS note on the Lushai Hills Defence Scheme and relations between V Force and Political Officers, by ESH 28.7.43.
TS Copy of Issue of authorisation under the terms of article 81 of the Prisoners of Liar Convention to Certain officers when working in areas near the possible spheres of enemy operation. 14.1.44.
Letter from Philip Mason about military medals, 22.6.44.
Letter from ESH to T.C.S. Jayanatnam, Chief Sec. to Govt. C.P. and Berar, criticising the Simla Conference of June 1945, 3pp. 23.6.45.
Letter from ESH to Chief Sec. to Govt. 17.10.45 on the propaganda being whipped up by Congress ? gives extract from speech made on 15.10.45.
Report of meeting of the Mahakoshal Provincial Congress Committee at Katni, 21.10.45.
Continuation of letter on the increasingly tense situation since the failure of the Simla Conference, 17.10.45.
Secret memorandum sent by Govt. of C.P. and Berar to all D.C’s. on the control of meetings and processions, 31.10.45.
Letter from Chief Sec. C.P. & Berar relating to ESH’s letter of 17.10.45.
Letter from ESH to Chief Sec. CP and Berar on increasing tone of violence in political speeches etc., 15.11.45.
Letter from ESH to Chief Sec. on Congress propaganda and I.N.A. 21.11.45.
Memorandum on growing uneasiness of police at latitude allowed election speakers 23.11.45.
Letter from Governor of Assam to ESH about allowance, 29.11.45
Letter from ESH to Philip Mason (Int. Sec. War Dept.) on combatting I.N.A. propaganda, 14.12.45.
Letter from ESH to A. H. Layard (Chief Sec. to Govt.) on an inflammatory speech made by Pandit Sunderlal of Allahabad at Katni. Report on speech, 2pp.
Letter from Philip Mason 22.12.45 in reply to 39.
Letter from Philip Mason 18.1.46 on medal.
Article on I.N.A from The Hitavada, 10 January 1946.
Letter from ESH to A.H Layard on dangerous speeches by Congress leaders. 13.1.46.
Letter from ESH to Philip Mason, 23.1.46. on Hyde’s service in Active Service Areas, 2pp.
Letter about leave, 5.3.46.
Secret Note from ESH to Philip Mason on the possible causes of the Indian Signal Corps Mutiny, at Jubbulpore, February/March 1946 8 March, 1946.
Reply from Philip Mason to above.
Newspaper cutting entitled ‘Subhas Bose had endeared himself to all’. Jubbulpore November 22 (1946).
Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 6
File A. Papers relating to the I.C.S. Family Pension Scheme, the C.P. and Berar Association; Memorandum on the effect of the Simon Commission Report’s recommendations on the position of the European members of the service – and subsequent papers from the All-India Assoc. of Govt. Servants etc. Papers on Joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reform etc. 1931-47 (107pp.)
Envelope containing 85 newspaper cuttings, mainly undated and unnamed, but some from the Statesmanand the Daily News (Nagpur), relating to The position of I.C.S.: the position of the Princes; Sir John Hubback’s attack on Congress 1940; the resignation of Dr. Khare, the Jubbulpore Dasera riots 1938; C.P. politics 1938; the War; the aboriginals and tribal groups; reviews of books; murder of Major Bazalgette, etc. etc. Includes three articles on America and India by Edward Thompson.
Review of Halbi grammar written by Pooran Singh, Jagdalpur 1937. 2pp.
Session Trial – No. 2 of 1935. Bastar State v. Koda Muria of Surewahi, Antagarh Tahsil. 4 States of Affirmation relating to the murder of a boy for ritual purposes. 9pp.
2 copies of notes on the case in (2) with MS notes on anthropological aspects by E.S.H. 3pp.
Letter (?J. Yorke) about intermarriage of Raots and Halbes, 28 June 1937 2pp.
Statement written in Hindi with TS translation by Mohammad Ibrahim, S.H.O. Dantewara of a case of a girl who disappeared at intervals due to supernatural causes. 3 copies of TS statement by the S.I. Police. 4pp.
TS Statement 28 May 1939 about an attack by a wounded tiger, lp.
Letters, statements and attack lists about the Erpund man-eating tigers and arrangements for shoot. March 1938. 15pp.
MS and TS Statement showing number of persons tried and convicted for Murder from 1 January 1934 to 18 October 1938. 4pp.
TS papers relating to appeal by three accused of murder, residents of Bhirlinga, tahsil Jagdalpur, 4pp.
Note on aboriginals’ use of intoxicants, lp.
Copy of letter sent by ESH to Verrier Elvin on the diet of aboriginals 20 July, 1940, 4pp.
2 copies of a note on forest villages in aboriginal administration 20 January, 1940, 4pp.
Letter to W.V. Grigson from ESH about aboriginal reserves, 14 January, 1941, 3pp.
Letter to W.V. Grigson from ESH about allotment of land by aboriginal patels. 27 January 1942.
Law Courts in Dindori as they actually are, by R.B. Agarwal, for Verrier Elwin Esq. Note by Verrier Elwin to ESH, 30 September, 1940. and the DSP. 15 October 1940, 54pp.
I.P.B. Bulletin, June 1954, article on Labour legislation and Indian Investment.
Reports on the Indian Civil Service Family Pension Scheme 1937-39, 12pp.
Papers and reports from the Finance Dept., New Delhi, on rules for the I.C.S. Pension Fund, and the Family Pension Fund, 1939-40, 38pp.
Receipts for gifts to War Relief Fund. Letter about I.C.S joining up, 1941, 4pp.
Papers relating to the Army in India Reserve of Officers to which E.S. Hyde belonged, 1929-41, 18pp.
Papers relating to the release of I.C.S. officers for military service. 1941, 4pp.
‘European Association and Auxiliary Force in Wartime’. TS Article by A.C. Roberts sent for the Monthly Review, European Assn. Editor’s reply. May 1940, 13pp. env.
TS article: ‘The Wartime Role of the A.F. (I). The Light Horse in War’. Initialled ACR? 8.6.40. 19pp.
TS Civil circular on money lending in Bastar by ESH. 7 June 1935, 2pp.
Memorandum on presentation of Nazar by British Indian Officers on deputation in Indian States. 4 May 1935.
Printed letter from A.V. Thakkar, secretary, Servants of India Society, on the welfare of Hill and forest tribes in all Provinces of India. 12 September 1940 with TS copy of letter from Verrier Elwin in answer, 5 October 1940, 5pp.
Newspaper cutting of murder charge in Berar. n.d.
Letter from J.P. Mills in Shillong on human sacrifice, 8 May 1940.
Printed article on ‘Handloom weaving in India’. Secretariat Press Nagpur Nos. 260 and 765, Civil Secretariat 1907, 5pp.
History sheet of Hazoor Ahmad, Andherdeo, Jubbulpore, 1942, 2pp.
Case of abduction of Gond child for marriage, 1940, 7pp.
Letters of petition, congratulation, results of rat count, poems, 1933-40, 38pp.
Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 5
Introduction to the Land Revenue and Settlement System of the Central Provinces (2nd imp) Nagpur, 1924.
A compilation of important criminal trials in the Central Provinces and Berar. Nagpur, 1933.
Congress responsibility for the disturbances 1942-3. Govt. of India Press, New Delhi, 1944, 86pp.
An abridged Regimental history of the lst Bn. 17th Dogra Regiment. (Prince of Wales Own) Rangoon, (1933) 34pp.
Programme of Trooping the Regimental Colour by lst Bn. 17th. Dogra Regiment (Prince of Wales Own) at Jhelum, 15 February 1939, 4pp.
TS, bound: ‘Timber Bridges constructed in the Bastar State’ by D.J. Plumley, State Engineer, Bastar State, Eastern States Agency. Diagrams and 32 photographs, 140pp. n.d. (?1930s)
Advertising brochure for a special issue of the Indian Concrete Journal – Special Earthquake Issue, October 1934.
Pamphlet Who’s Who among Indian Princes, Chiefs and Nobles 1934-5. Reprint from the Indian Year Book, pp. 1146-1255.
Reprint from the Jrl. of the Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. April 1942. Notes on the birds of the Londa Neighbourhood, Bombay Presidency, by Walter Koelz, 38pp.
Offprint: Records of the Indian Museum Vol. XL. Part III, pp.237-243. Notes on Fishes… On a collection of fish from the Bailadila range, Bastar State, C.P. by Sunder Lal Hora, Calcutta, 1938.
Supplements to the London Gazette, 22 April, 1948. ‘Operations in the India Command’ from lst January, 1943 to 20 June, 1943, pp.2511-2526 and ‘Operations in the Indo-Burma theatre-based on India’ from 21 June, 1943 to 15 November 1943, pp.2651-2684.
E.S. Hyde’s British India Motor Driving Licence (Central Provinces and Berar).
E.S. Hyde’s Form XVI Arms Licence, when D.C. Jubbulpore.
Map showing the distribution of the important tribes in Bastar State 1938.
Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 4
A report on the Subah or Province of Chhattisgarh written in. A.D.1820 by Major P. vans Agnew. 1922.
Notes suggested from a perusal of Sir John Malcolm’s Revenue Report on Malwa and sent to the Resident, November 1820. 1923, 11pp.
Report on the territories of the Raja of Nagpur submitted to the Supreme Government of India by Richard Jenkin’s, Resident at the Court of His Highness The Raja of Nagpur, 1827. 1923, 142pp.
Supplement to above. 1925, 59pp.
Note on the Saugor and Nerbudda territories by Robert Merttins Bird, Member of the Sudder Board of Revenue, N.W. Provinces, dated 31 October 1843. 1922, 20pp.
A second copy.
A Report on the Nagpore State down to 1845 by Captain Ramsay, Assistant Resident, written in January 1845. 1923, 45pp.
Grant of Proprietary Rights in the Central Provinces 1847-1860. 1923.
The Escheat of the Nagpore State: 1853-1854. 1923.
Administration of the Nagpore Province by Mr. G. Plowden, Commissioner from 1855 to 1859. 1923.
Report on the administration of the Central Provinces for the year 1862, 1923.
Review of Indian Administration during the past thirty years, India Office, 28 February 1889. (Statistics and Commerce No. 16) 29pp. (copy forwarded to the D.C., Seoni for information by the Ass. Sec. to the Chief Comm. C.P.)
Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 3
Reports on The Administration of Bastar for 1934-1940. Jagdalpur, State Press.
Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 2
TS papers relating to the administration of Bastar State.
Kabadi rules. (Bond-servants) 1935.
Bastar Kabadi rules. Copy of letter from E.S. Hyde to W.V. Grigson, Revenue Secretary to H.E.H. The Nizam’s Government, Hyderabad, urging abolition or reform of bond-servitude. 17.5.1938. Copy of para 4 of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V. about bond-servant system and its control. 5.11.1938.
Letter from the Revenue Secretary (W.V. Grigson) to H.E.H. The Nizam of Hyderabad’s Government, to E.S. Hyde, Administrator Bastar State, enclosing Draft Bill of the Hyderabad Bhagela Agreements Regulation of 1345 Fasli, signed by R.M. Crofton, Director General and Secretary, H.H. the Nizam’s Govt.
Printed pamphlet: Regulations of 12345 F. regarding The Hyderabad Bhageta (bond-servants) Agreements compiled by the Revenue Secretariat sanctioned by His Exalted Highness the Nizam. Hyderabad-Deccan Goct. Central Press, 1936.
TS Circular from E.S.H., Office of the Administrator, Bastar State. Subject: Markets: protection of aboriginals.(from traders and banias.) 1937.
TS copy of paras 2 and 3 of the fortnightly Confidential Report dated 23 January 1940 from the Administrator Bastar to the Assnt. Political Agent, Raipur. Subject: food shortages in markets.
TS copy of letter from the Administrator, Bastar State, to the Political Agent, Chhattisgarh States, Raipur on a proposal to reserve forest areas in the Abujmarh Hills inhabited by aboriginals. 3pp., 1940.
TS copy of letter from E.S. Hyde, Administrator Bastar State to the Political Agent, Chhattisgarh States, Raipur, C.P. on The Indian Census, 1941 and the proposal to eliminate the enumeration of castes. 1939.
Extracts from printed copies of Rules for the Administration of Justice in various districts, namely:
Sadiya Frontier Tract, 26 March 1937.
Lakhimpur Frontier Tract, 26 March 1937.
North Cachar Hills Subdivision, 25 March 1937.
Naga Hills District, 25 March 1937.
Caro Hills District, 29 March 1937.
Khasia and Jaintia Hills, 29 March 1937.
Printed Note by the Governor of the Central Provinces, F.V. Wylie on the Condition of Aboriginal tribes in the Balaghat and Mandla Districts, 27 March, 1940. (10 pp.). A severe report on the conditions of, and injustices to, the tribal peoples, in their work for the Government (Forestry mainly), together with firm and constructive suggestions for improving their general welfare particularly agricultural and righting the injustices. Severe criticism of educational and medical services, water and excise policy, animal sanctuaries, etc. A comprehensive, detailed and imaginative survey based on the Governor’s tour of the area.
Printed Enquiry into the condition of the aboriginal tribes in the Central Provinces and Berar by W.V. Grigson (Aboriginal tribes enquiry officer, Central Provinces and Berar). (19 pp.) July, 1940.
Questionnaire No. 1 Law and Justice.
Questionnaire No. 2 Franchise, Political education, local self-government, panchayats, tribal organisation and mukaddams.
Copy of typed answers to Questionnaire No. 3 on Bond Service, by E.S. Hyde.
Copy of a letter from E.S. H. to W.V.G., 8 July, 1940 referring to a note on the excluded areas. Refers to his experience in Assam. (3pp.)
Reply to above by W.V.G. 12 July, 1940. Difference between C.P. and Assam. Importance of amending laws at same time as aboriginal protection charter is enacted. Refers in particular to necessity for getting bond-service legislation altered. (6pp.)
Letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 19.7.40, about inaccuracy of statistics for the area. (2pp.)
Letter from W.V.G. to E.S.H. 23 July 1940 about tahsildar of Dindori (lp.)
Printed Memorandum from the Office of the Aboriginal Tribes Enquiry Officer, C.P. and Berar, Nagpur, W.V. Grigson, to all Deputy Commissioners of the Province, on Questionnaire No. 3. Bond-Service amongst aboriginal farm labourers. Includes Questionnaire No. 3 (6pp.).
Printed Memorandum (as above): copy of Press Communique of the Government of Madras taken from Fort St. George Gazette, Part 1 of the 23 July 1940. (2pp.)
Printed Memorandum (as above) to Director of Public Instruction C.P. and Berar and D.G. on Questionnaire No. 4. Aboriginal Education – Includes Questionnaire No. 4. (7pp.)
Letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G., 11 September 1940, about delays in dealing with legal cases, and also a particularly oppressive malguzar. (2pp.)
Letter from W.V.G. to E.H.S. about the enquiry not being a waste of time, 18 October 1940. (lp.)
Copy of TS note by the anthropologist C. Van Furer Haimendorf on the Chenchus of Hyderabad surveying the injustices inflicted on them, and the proposed measures to combat these, possibly by making reserves, and protecting their traditional way of life and values. Circulated by W.V.G. as relevant to the aboriginal problem of the C.P. (18pp.)
Memorandum from office of the D.C. Mandla (E.S.H.) to the Aboriginal Tribes Enquiry officer C.P. and Berar, Nagpur. November, 1940, on the expropriation of aboriginal tenants.
Brief History of Settlements, 1818-90, and review of aboriginal population from 1891. Nature of problem.
Report on expropriation of aboriginals from tenantry holdings (1866-1930) by G.M. Deshpande, Superintendent of Land Records, Mandla. Includes the original statement of total areas and rents in last three settlements in each tahsil to end of 1939-40, and the list of villages owned by Gond Malguzar of Mandla Tahsil. (12p including one very large sheet of statistics.)
TS letter from Verrier Elwin, at Camp Sadhawan, Bastar State, 6 November, 1940, to E.S.H. about protecting the Gonds, the Gond Niaha Saba, and his distrust of a future Nationalist Hindu Government. Included in this letter his Note on the Gond ‘Karma’ (dancing) (3pp.)
TS Note on the Gond Karma (dancing) by Mr. Verrier Elwin. Description and effect of the Karma dance and various opinions on it, and as an aspect of Gond culture. n.d. (two copies).
TS letter from the Maharajah of Sarangarh to E.S.H. 7 November 1940, inviting him to a meeting to discuss the future of aboriginals. Other participants include: W.V. Grigson; W. Archer; C.P. Simington; C. Von Furer Haimendorf and Elwin, etc. (1p)
TS letter from W.V.G. to E.S.H. 9 November 1940, about the answers to Questions 1, 2, 3 of Questionnaire, sent in by the Roman Catholic priests in the Mandla district, particularly in relation to elopement of Gond women, and the dance Karma. (2pp.)
TS letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. in reply to above and commenting on the priests’ opinions. Accusations of administrative shortcomings to be investigated – opinion of Karma dance given by Elwin (See 15). (2pp)
MS letter from Mgr. Dubbelmans, Prefect Apostolic, Jubbulpore sending a copy of the reply to Questionnaires by Priests of the Mandla District, and E.S.H.’s acknowledgment. (2pp.)
Duplicated Report of some Catholic priests of Mandla District in connection with the questionnaires issued by the aboriginal tribes enquiry officer. The answers to questions about marriage particularly interesting. (21pp.)
Duplicated answers to the 4th Questionnaire made by the Rev,.G. can. Dorst and others, Mandla. (8pp.)
Copy of TS letter from Mgr. Dubblemans to W.V.G. 25 November 1940, commenting in particular on marriage among Gonds, sent by W.V.G. to E.S.H. (3pp.)
Copy of TS letter from the Deputy Director of Agriculture, Northern Circle, C.P. Jubbulpore in answer to W.V.G.’s criticism of the Dindori Farm in his notes on the Aboriginal Problem in the Mandla District. Main criticism the neglect of aboriginals by the Agricultural Department. Covering letter from W.V.G. who sent it to Verrier Elwin and Hyde. 29 November 1940. 7pp.
Copy of TS letter from Verrier Elwin to W.V.G. from Jagdalpur P.O. Bastar State, 6 December 1940. Refers to note from Agricultural Department. Gond morals discussed. (4pp.)
Letter from W.V.G. to E.S.H. Camp Kuvakodi, 26 December 1940, referring to the invitation from the Maharajah of Sarangarh to a conference on the Aboriginal problem, and to the Hill Marias. (2pp.)
Letter from Verrier Elwin to E.S.H. from Patan, Mandla District, 2 January, 1941, about the rights of the aboriginals to gather minor forest produce. Refers to his note on Aboriginal Education.(1p.)
Copy of TS letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 10 January 1941. Criticism of Medical and Veterinary Departments in regard to their treatment of aboriginals. Specific items scrutinized, and comparison with Bastar State. Suggests complete,overhaul of Departments.
Two extracts from Tour Diary of Mr. S.D. Bhagwar Tahsildar Niwas for the month of January, 1941, regarding land possession. (2 pp.)
Note by E.S.H. 20 January 1941, about the attitude of Forest Guards to aboriginials. 2pp.
Copy of a TS letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 14 January 1941, about Aboriginal Reserves and in reference to Dr. Haimendorf’s paper on the Chenchus. Protection of aboriginals means complete change in administration, etc. Aboriginals unprotected from traders’ exploitation under present legislation. Suggestions for reserves, and legal amendments. (6 pp).
Copy of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 19 January 1941, about fines on aboriginals and including Memorandum, 15 January on the same subject.
Copies of letters to and from E.S.H. and Dr. Eileen Macfarlane and W.V.G. at the R.C. Mission Khandiva, about taking blood samples from Gonds, 30 January, 4 February and 8 February 1941. (4pp.)
Comment by E.S.H. on Verrier Elwin’s note on Aboriginal Education. (2pp.)
Extract from note 11 March 1941, on illicit distillation. (1p.)
Copy of letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. on medical aid in aboriginal areas. 14 March 1941. (1p.)
Extracts of Notes from the Secretariat file regarding application (to aboriginals and co-operatives) of the C.P. Tenancy (Amendment) Act VIII of 1941, sent by W.V.G. to E.S.H. 29 September 1941.
Copy of letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 1 October 1941, about C.P. Tenancy Act as affecting aboriginals. (lp.)
Copy of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 29 October 1941, about a case of extortion by a Brahmin from an aboriginal. (lp.)
Letters regarding the diet of the aboriginals:
From E.S.H. to S. Hivale and Verrier Elwin asking for information on the diet. 20 July 1940.
From E.S.H. to the Chief Medical Officer, Bastar State, on the diet given to prisoners in the State jail. 20 July 1940.
List of food articles normally used by the aboriginals in Dindori Tehsil, sent by S. Hivale and V. Elwin. Covering letter from V. Elwin. 7 August 1940.
Reply from Chief Medical Officer, Bastar State.
Acknowledgment by E.S.H. of Hivale’s list. 8pp.
Copy of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 27 January 1941, about the aboriginal and land tenure. Only hope for the aboriginal is by strict protective legislation. Examples of exploitation of aboriginals by malguzars. (3pp.)
Miscellaneous papers relating to aboriginal problems in Mandla.
Correspondence with the Rev. J. van Heertum at Dullopur on aboriginal problems. Inaccuracy of Census returns: prospect of coming famine: precise examples of oppression by Forest Guard and banias: request for small-pox injections for cattle. 2 receipts. 1 March 1940; 11 November 1940; 9 December. 1940. (10pp.)
Tour notes by E.S.H. about Hindu malguzars who trouble aboriginal tenants.
Appeal about caste classification.
TS Report from The Rev. G. van Dorst, on conditions at Khairi resulting from oppression of malguzar. 2 November 1940. Map attached. (4pp.)
TS judgement with MS note by E.S.H. that it was a case concerning aboriginals he reviewed as he thought the sentence unduly severe. 19 August 1940. (2pp.)
Copy of the Report on the Bastar and Kharonde Dependencies of the Ralpore District by Lt. Colonel C. Elliott, Deputy Commissioner of Raipur to the Commissioner of Nagpur. 27 May 1856. TS bound, 34 pp. illus., plan.
TS note by E.S. Hyde as introduction.
9 February 1936 Gond Java Mandal, Karaiyai, Mandla District to Mr. Hyde, Administrator, Jagdalpur, asking for guidance in his study of the Gonds of Bastar, part of his campaign for protecting the aboriginal tribes. Mentions being still politically suspect (as pro-Congress). Attitude of Government and Congress towards tribesmen.. 2pp.
16 December 1936. S.S. Kaiser-i-Hind on return from England. Has had to leave Karaiyai, now in Dindori, which they have bought. Opposition to the work from Hindu minor officials, etc. makes things difficult. Asks to be given some sort of official status. 4pp.
17 February 1937. Gorakhpur, Dindori Tahsil. Village where no Englishman has been within living memory. Congress infiltrators’ Hinduising tactics with Gonds, in name of the Government. Elwin to be an Hon. Magistrate. Comments on effect of his books Phulmat of the Hills and Leaves from the Jungle. 3pp.
17 April 1937. Gorakhpur. Brief note about an applicant for a job in Bastar. 1p.
20 June 1937. Gorakhpur. Effect of Congress propaganda on the Gonds and on himself. Proposes that Hyde appoint him ethnographer to Bastar State. 1p.
28 October 1937. Gorakhpur. Depressed with illness and situation in India particularly regarding the Gonds.
10 January 1938. Gorakhpur. Has sold village, and wants to move, asks Hyde for advice.
31 December l938. Gorakhpur. Remarks on a review of W.V. Grigson’s book The Muria Gonds of Bastar. Wants to go to Bastar again to research. Encloses letter written on 12 December 1938 asking for a subscription towards the cost of publishing his book on the Baiga. Contents list of the Baiga; report by Professor J.H. Hutton. Other reports on the book 5 pp.
12 June 1939. P & O S.S. Mooltan. Finds England absorbed in war, not interested in tribals. Attitude towards prohibition in India by England. 2pp.
7 August 1939. Governor’s Camp. C.P. Berar. Is to study the Muria and their Gotul with research grant from Merton College. 1p.
21 September 1939. Gorakhpur. Has been approved for Census work. Comparison of war conditions and lot of the tribals. lp.
11 November 1939. Gorakhpur. Relating to Hyde remaining in Bastar and helping the tribals. Illness. lp.
8 December 1939. Gorakhpur. Illness. Hopes to get to Bastar in January.
11 February 1940. Gorakhpur. Asking for formal permission to work in various tribal areas. Going to Bihar. 2pp.
25 February 1940. c/o W.G. Archer, K.S., Census Superintendent, Bihar, Hazaribagh. Going to tribal areas in Chota Nagpur. Various requests for help before coming to Bastar.
12 April 1940. Gorakhpur. Hyde going to Mandla. Has just married a Gond. Encloses a photograph. 1p.
15 May 1940. Gorakhpur. Going to Bastar, and Hyde to Mandla. Remarks about the corruption in Mandla. 1p.
18 September 1940. Jagdalpur, Bastar State. Writes as Hon. Ethnographer. Remarks on Mandla individuals and the corrupt situation. 1p.
28 September 1940. Jagdalpur. Remarks on corruption in Dindari and Mandla. Proposed Friends of the Aboriginals Society. 1p.
13 December 1940. Jagdalpur. Answering inquiries about the Agarias.
8 February 1941. Jagdalpur. Comments on Government attitudes towards aboriginals. Anti-British propaganda in Karanjia. Agreement with Hyde’s Note on Aboriginal Reserves. 1p.
12 May 1941. Patan. Comment on District Council Schools as centres of Hinduisation etc. More about other Hinduisation incidents.
23 May 1941. Mandla. Hindu propaganda at Ramnagar camp.
30 June 1941. Mandla. Consequences of closing down of Madhopur Camp to aboriginals.
8 November 1941. Jagdalpur. Comment on Hindu character of aboriginal religion. Lawyer for aboriginals.
19 March 1942. Jagdalpur. Comment on Radhakrishnan. Mentions book on Marias. Has been appointed Hon. Ethnographer, Bastar State.
Correspondence 1944 chiefly relating to V. Elwin’s controversy with the R.C. Missionaries, Mandla district.
6 July 1944. Bhumijan Seva Mandal. Patangarh P.O. Mandla District. Comment on usefulness of the aboriginal court. Urges opposition to R.C. missionaries in Mandla: spread of Hinduism among aboriginals. Wishes Government would take over aboriginal schools. 2pp.
16 September 1944. Pdtangarh. Mandla. Long letter about altercation with the R.C. missionaries, and disappointment in Hyde’s attitude. Accuses R.C. missionaries of influencing Magistrates, and other crimes against the aboriginals, abetted by Hyde. 2pp. (See item 32.)
10 October 1944. Duplicated letter from the Secretary of the Apostolic Prefecture, Jubbulpore to the Editor of the Hitavada, Nagpur, denying all Elwin’s accusations against the missionaries. Sent by the Prefect Apostolic, Mgr. Dubbleman to Mr. Hyde, for information.
10 October 1944. Pencil note from Sir Geoffrey Ramsden to Hyde relating to Elwin’s letter of 16 September.
14 October 1944. Note from the Secretary to the Governor of the C.P. to Mr. Hyde commenting on the above correspondence.
Letter from Elwin’s associate, Shamrao Hivale, joint author with some of Elwin’s works, from Mandla, to Hyde. No date. 2pp. Remarks about: Elwin’s books, – schools for aboriginals, especially technical schools – News of a gang in Bilaspur
MS note by Mr. E.S. Hyde 14 April 1977, on his correspondence with Dr. Elwin. Gives an outline history of. Elwin’s work in Bastar, and biographical notes, and more particularly to his attitude to, and work amongst, the aboriginals. Account of dispute about the R.C. missionaries which Elwin’s letter of 16 September 1944 (item 28) instigated.
13 duplicated Newsletters (and one diary), from Bhumijan Seva to Mandal, Mandla District. 1937: 8 April, 29 August, 1 December; 1938:18 March, 10 June, 20 August, 1 November, 1939: 10 January (account of the Ashram by Eldyth Elwin, Verrier Elwin’s sister) 15 November. 1940: 4 January, 1 May, 24 December and Bulletin No.4 October 1944 (printed). These newsheets cover the events, progress and daily life of the Ashram at Bhumijan Seva Mandal, Mandla District, which included schools, leper homes and agricultural projects. They are concerned with the development of aboriginals, and protection of their rights.
TS of essay submitted by Verrier Elwin for the Wellcome Medal, 1939. The Cause and Cure of the failure of nerve among the aboriginals of the Central Provinces of India. 52pp.
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal. Science Vol. VI, 1940, No.1, Calcutta 1940. Note refers to article Blood grouping in the Deccan and Eastern Ghats by Eileen W.E. Macfarlane.
7 photographs taken in 1942-43 in the Lushai (now Mizo Hills) when E.S. Hyde was Additional Superintendent and Superintendent. 12 photographs of Surat, Darjeeling, Hyderabad, Karwar, Andamans; Burma. 4 photographs of Bastar State, including Mrs. Milward the sculptress. 1 photograph of Mandla.
Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 1
Report of proceedings, Committee of State Ministers. Bombay, 12-14 April 1939. (Secret)
Full report of the Sessions Trial, Bastar State v. Mahadeo Sadan and Chaitan, 1938.
‘Reports on the following cases in the Court of Sessions: Bastar State v. Kawasi, 26 January 1938; Bastar State v. Lamti Raut and Bondku Rait, 9 March 1938; ‘Bastar State v. Dengue, Kana and Dhudu, 14 May 1938; Bastar State v. Dhosu, 24 June 1938.
Memorandum from the Administrator, Bastar State to the Political Agent Chhattisgarh States, Raipur, proposing to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh States Agency. 30 September 1939. 9 pp.
Speech made by the Administrator, Bastar State on the return of the Maharaja and his brother and sisters after a stay in the Hill Station 1938.