Hyde, E.S.

Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 8

  1. File A: India Office Library
  2. File B: Miscellaneous
  3. File C: India Office
  4. File D
  5. Envelope containing press cuttings on Bastar, (post Independence).
  6. Undated newspaper cuttings on Naga rebellion 1956.
  7. Envelope containing miscellaneous, newspaper cuttings, most undated, but many 1947/8.
  8. Envelope containing:
  9. Papers relating to the proposal to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh States Agency:
  10. Copy of Memorandum from ESH (Administrator) on the Proposed Agency Policy reserve force for the Bastar States, 28 July, 1939. Also a note on Kadam Larai.
  11. Report on rinderpest in Sihora Tahsil during the year 1945 by S.D. Shakla, 2pp, 2 copies.
  12. Note from Lt. Col. A.G. Stewart to the Adjutant General, G.H.Q. New Delhi on an allegation made by the D.C. Jubbulpore (ESH) that he had made an improper attempt to influence the Courts of Justice, 2pp.
  13. MS petition for a job to the Raja of Bastar, 11 April, 1937.
  14. Request for sanction to write-off buildings, 4 December, 1930.
  15. Statement from Grindlays Bank.
  16. Application by ESH for employment in Political Dept. 5 February 1935, 2pp.
  17. Account of the opening of the Maharani Hospital, Jagdalpur (25 February, 1938).
  18. Letter to architect 14 April, 1938.
  19. TS Article ‘The Indian Prince’ (by ESH.) and a comment, 4pp. n.d.
  20. Letters and addresses of farewell to ESH on leaving Bastar, 1940, 14pp.
  21. Letters from Indians, 1937-43.
  22. Letters from Sir Montagu Butler, 24.7.33 and E.C. Gibson, 12.3.33 on ESH’s transfer to Bastar and from Sir Henry Twynham on transfer to Assam, 28.5.42, 4pp.
  23. Letter from Eric Gill about his portrait of the Maharani of Bastar, for the hospital. 25 April, 1938.
  24. Various letters, 6pp.
  25. Letter from C. Gordon to ESH, Pachmarhi, C.P. on an examination failure, 23.10.30., 2pp.
  26. Printed rules for the regulation of procedure of officers appointed to administer justice in the Lushai Hills, 25 March, 1937, and rules…in the Balipara Frontier Tract, 26 March., 1937, 4pp.
  27. Letter from A.G. McCall, in Shillong, on the situation, and ESH’s retirement, 16.7.44., 6pp.
  28. Two reports from the India Branch Office of the Association of British Chemical Manufacturers: Progress Reports Nos. 7 and 11 Bombay, 26 November, 1947 and 15 July, 1947.
  29. File 7: Papers relating to the I.C.S. Pension and Retirement; leave; 1913-1947.
  30. File 8: Lushai and Chin Hills, 1942-47 War
  31. Autobiographical Memoir: ‘India, First Person Singular’. 66 ff.
    1. Beginnings in the Central Provinces: Jubbulpore
      • Arrived in Bombay on 30 November 1928. Reminiscences of the voyage, first encounter of anti-Muslim feeling.
      • Journey to Jubbulpore. First meetings with Austin Layard, Deputy Commissioner and C.J. Irwin, the Commissioner. Hyde takes over as Assistant Commissioner and becomes Third Class Magistrate.
      • Reasons for choosing the Central Provinces. Describes his time at Cambridge and preparation for I.C.S. entrance exams at ‘Scoone’s Crammer’, London.
      • Outline of the scenery and culture of Central Provinces. Explains structure of Provincial Government and its ‘Indianization’.
      • Governor, Sir Montague Butler.
      • Working for Departmental Examinations. Duties as mining officer. Asked to become Reserve Officer by 1st/17th Dogra Regiment, Indian Army, and accepts. Importance of ‘Land Revenue’ work in District Officer’s duties.
      • ‘Flowering of the Bamboos’ and the ensuing plague of rats. Visits ‘scarcity camps’ in North Eastern area following partial crop failure in 1928.
      • The ‘Famine Code’. Involved listing those entitled to ‘gratuitous relief’. Visited old and sick. Often shocked by these visits. Began to realise the extent of the poverty problem.
      • Posted as Famine Assistant to Damoh, a minor District adjoining the Budelkhand States. Severe distress. Visit to Government House at Pachmarhi. Played first game of golf in India. September 1929 in Damoh, had first attack of fever. Taken to British Military Hospital in Jubbulpore. After convalescence posted back to Jubbulpore. Describes social events of ‘cold weather’ period – torchlight tatoo, etc.
      • Start of Congress Committee’s Civil Disobedience Campaign and Gandhi’s arrest. Fear of riots. Posted to town of Katni to arrange protection of local Europeans but no trouble. Hyde’s thoughts on the situation.
    2. Berar and Places East
      • In ‘hot weather’ of 1930 transferred to Amraoti in Berar. New system of Land Revenue Law because Berar leased from Nizam of Hyderabad. ‘Berar Question’. Describes Amraoti water shortage. Many local officials moved to nearby hill station. District Superintendent of Police, Nelson, arrives. Hyde has great respect for him.
      • Much trouble from ‘civil disobedience’ in Maratha country. Expresses dislike for Congress Party ‘agitators’ and their ‘methods’. Gives two examples of women and cripples being used in demonstration.
      • Explains expansion of cotton growing and consequent destruction of accessible woodland. Creation of ‘babul bans’.
      • Hyde appointed Sub-Divisional Officer and Magistrate of Chandhur Morsi Sub-Division. Goes on tour with Sikh Divisional Forest Officer, Hira Singh. ‘Cawnpore Massacres’ – Singh’s comments.
      • Importance of cotton crop to European community.
      • Christmas leave in Bombay.
      • Describes celebrations for Nizam’s birthday.
      • Observations on the villages of Berar.
    3. Ellichpur
      • Hyde posted to Ellichpur – first independent charge, situated at foot of Melghat Hill, on northern fringe of Berar Plain. Substantial Muslim community. First involvement in Muslim culture. Impressed by their dignity.
      • Much work. Made an Additional District Magistrate – tries more important cases. Recounts interesting gang robbery case. Hyde involved in ‘Tawler case’. He recorded the key confession. Describes events leading up to the confession and recounts the story he heard. Trial held in Amraoti. Accused found guilty and sentenced to death by Judge C.R. Hemeon. Case went to appeal and men acquitted. Expresses opinion that witnesses were bribed and coerced into altering evidence by accused’s family who were very powerful locally. Future difficulty in convicting influential men. Very heavy monsoon in 1931. Attempts to establish a flood relief committee. Descriptions of Chikalda – a pleasant Hill Station in Melghat Talug. Invited to stay by D.C. While on night-time tiger shoot gets badly bitten by mosquitos. Develops sepsis in his knee and has to undergo surgery without anaesthetic.
      • New outbreak of civil disobedience. Hyde posted as Additional Under Secretary to Home Department of the Provincial Government in Nagpur.
    4. Nagpur and Home Leave
      • Worked under Sir Hyde Gowan, Chief Secretary at the Nagpur Secretariat.
      • Acted as Secretary to the ‘Defence Committee’, presided over by Raghavendra Rao, the Home Member. Hyde gets appendicitis. Applied for home leave. Gets married in June and returns to India with wife and motor car in November 1932.
      • Describes eventful car journey from Bombay to Raipur, Headquarters of Chattisgarh Division, most backward area of C.P. Inhabited by Chamar untouchables. Hyde in charge of Eastern Sub-division.
      • Early 1933 goes on tour. Visits Zamindaris. Then posted to Seoni.
    5. Seoni
      • Independent sub-division on Satpura plateau. High proportion of aboriginal Gonds in population. Brief description of lifestyle in Seoni. Visited by ‘Gandhiji’. Felt tremors from Bihar earthquake of 1934.
      • Partial crop failure. Again making precautions for famine relief. Visited by Gowan and invited to his Christmas camp.
      • Autumn – sits ‘Reserves’ promotion exams in Poona. Weekend in Nagpur watching Provincial XI play MCC touring side.
      • Imprisonment of Subas Chandra Bose. Hyde’s opinions.
      • Early 1934 visited by Mr Gibson of Indian Political Department, first Agent to the Governor General of the new Eastern States Agency. Shortly afterwards offered post of Administrator for Bastar State.
      • Notes and Glossary.
    6. Bastar State
      • Good descriptions of the State and its history and people. Hyde referred to as ‘the Diwan’ because administered State on behalf of the Maharani Prafulla Kumari Devi.
      • Much to learn. Mrs Hyde pregnant. Heavy monsoon. Crop damage and much flooding. Takes wife to Nagpur for medical consultation. Cholera epidemic occurs. Considers value of centralized power structure in such emergencies. Some deaths in the State jail from phynodema (vitamin A deficiency).
      • Many schemes initiated or developed e.g. road from Raipur to Madras.
      • Presidency metalled. Plans begun for a hospital in Jagdalpur. Working plan for Golapalli Reserve Forest completed.
      • Visits Madras to see Commissioner of Excise about opium smuggling.
      • Maharani returns from England. Much revered by local people. Describes first correspondence and meeting with her.
      • Hyde’s eldest son born in December. In January accompanies Maharani to Delhi. Attends all-India conference on wildlife. Maharani talks with Viceroy. Problem of her husband, Profulla Chandra Singh Bhanj Deo, being Hindu man yet lower in status than his wife. April 1935 Maharani left Bastar. Returned to England in July, seriously ill. In her absence Hyde led Silver Jubilee Celebrations for King George V and Queen Mary. Maharani died in February 1936. Six year old son, Pravin Chandra Deo, proclaimed Maharaja. Interesting descriptions of ceremony and traditions.
      • Describes a form of bond service existing in Bastar. Evasion of ‘Kabadi Rules’. Fascinating descriptions of the tribes of Bastar, chiefly the Muria and Maria. Also Halba people and their involvement in the local salt trade. No caste restrictions but belief in black magic was universal.
      • Some cases of human sacrifice in Bastar between 1927-1942. Recounts three cases. Opposed to black magic were seers, or sirahas. Emphasises importance of medical help to aboriginal people. Particular need to treat the disease ‘Yaws’. Also vaccination against smallpox.
      • Bastar very poor State – low land revenue. Some income from excise duty and forests. Travels with State Engineer. Learns to ‘divine water’. Sets up scheme to protect village nistar forests in Jagdalpur Tahsil.
      • Still in operation in 1975/76. Interesting descriptions of wildlife in the State. People and cattle killed by tigers and panthers. Recounts story of a large hunt in 1937/38 for a family of man-eating tigers.
      • Agricultural improvement difficult. Ran small experimental farm near Jagdalpur.
      • Very interesting descriptions of the celebration of. Desehra, the national festival of Bastar, which occurred in October.
      • Bastar quite rich in archaeological remains. Hyde begins plans to preserve certain temples.
      • Iron ore deposits found in Bailadila Hills.
      • Describes other varied duties, e.g. running the Court of Wards.
      • Hyde’s deputation to Bastar was to end in March 1940 but he felt so opposed to Congress Government, particularly with regard to minorities, that he refused to serve under them in British India. His request to stay in Bastar was refused and Hyde left, as directed, in March.
  32. Five letters from Eric Gill to E.S. Hyde discussing the commission of a memorial portrait stone of the Maharani of Bastar. 7 November 1936 – 20 December 1937. 5ff.
  33. Five letters from the Monotype Corporation Limited concerning a drawing of the proposed memorial. 10 April 1959 – 20 May 1960. 5ff
  34. Sketch of the design of the memorial. Initialled E.G. 25.4.38′. If.
  35. Undated note by Hyde on the Maharani of Bastar. Hyde explains that the Maharani Hospital in Bastar was called in her memory and when he returned to a posting in British India, he left Gill’s sculptured panel to be erected in the forecourt of the hospital. 2f.
  36. Undated note by Gill which covered a working drawing of the relief sculpture. Gill notes that the sculpture was delivered to Jadalpur, Bastar in 1939. 1f
  37. Folder:
  38. Folder:

Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 7

Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 6

  1. File A. Papers relating to the I.C.S. Family Pension Scheme, the C.P. and Berar Association; Memorandum on the effect of the Simon Commission Report’s recommendations on the position of the European members of the service – and subsequent papers from the All-India Assoc. of Govt. Servants etc. Papers on Joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reform etc. 1931-47 (107pp.)
  2. Envelope containing 85 newspaper cuttings, mainly undated and unnamed, but some from the Statesmanand the Daily News (Nagpur), relating to The position of I.C.S.: the position of the Princes; Sir John Hubback’s attack on Congress 1940; the resignation of Dr. Khare, the Jubbulpore Dasera riots 1938; C.P. politics 1938; the War; the aboriginals and tribal groups; reviews of books; murder of Major Bazalgette, etc. etc. Includes three articles on America and India by Edward Thompson.
  3. File B:
  4. File C:
  5. File D:
  6. Miscellaneous papers:
  7. Court cases:

Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 5

  1. Introduction to the Land Revenue and Settlement System of the Central Provinces (2nd imp) Nagpur, 1924.
  2. A compilation of important criminal trials in the Central Provinces and Berar. Nagpur, 1933.
  3. Congress responsibility for the disturbances 1942-3. Govt. of India Press, New Delhi, 1944, 86pp.
  4.  An abridged Regimental history of the lst Bn. 17th Dogra Regiment. (Prince of Wales Own) Rangoon, (1933) 34pp.
  5. Programme of Trooping the Regimental Colour by lst Bn. 17th. Dogra Regiment (Prince of Wales Own) at Jhelum, 15 February 1939, 4pp.
  6. TS, bound: ‘Timber Bridges constructed in the Bastar State’ by D.J. Plumley, State Engineer, Bastar State, Eastern States Agency. Diagrams and 32 photographs, 140pp. n.d. (?1930s)
  7. Envelope containing:

Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 4

  1. A report on the Subah or Province of Chhattisgarh written in. A.D.1820 by Major P. vans Agnew. 1922.
  2. Notes suggested from a perusal of Sir John Malcolm’s Revenue Report on Malwa and sent to the Resident, November 1820. 1923, 11pp.
  3. Report on the territories of the Raja of Nagpur submitted to the Supreme Government of India by Richard Jenkin’s, Resident at the Court of His Highness The Raja of Nagpur, 1827. 1923, 142pp.
  4. Supplement to above. 1925, 59pp.
  5. Note on the Saugor and Nerbudda territories by Robert Merttins Bird, Member of the Sudder Board of Revenue, N.W. Provinces, dated 31 October 1843. 1922, 20pp.
  6. A second copy.
  7. A Report on the Nagpore State down to 1845 by Captain Ramsay, Assistant Resident, written in January 1845. 1923, 45pp.
  8. Grant of Proprietary Rights in the Central Provinces 1847-1860. 1923.
  9. The Escheat of the Nagpore State: 1853-1854. 1923.
  10. Administration of the Nagpore Province by Mr. G. Plowden, Commissioner from 1855 to 1859. 1923.
  11. Report on the administration of the Central Provinces for the year 1862, 1923.
  12. Review of Indian Administration during the past thirty years, India Office, 28 February 1889. (Statistics and Commerce No. 16) 29pp. (copy forwarded to the D.C., Seoni for information by the Ass. Sec. to the Chief Comm. C.P.)

Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 3

Reports on The Administration of Bastar for 1934-1940. Jagdalpur, State Press.

Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 2

  1. TS papers relating to the administration of Bastar State.
  2. TS Civil Circular 1935 (from E.S. Hyde): Interest.
  3. TS Circular from E.S.H., Office of the Administrator, Bastar State. Subject: Markets: protection of aboriginals.(from traders and banias.) 1937.
  4. TS copy of paras 2 and 3 of the fortnightly Confidential Report dated 23 January 1940 from the Administrator Bastar to the Assnt. Political Agent, Raipur. Subject: food shortages in markets.
  5. TS copy of letter from the Administrator, Bastar State, to the Political Agent, Chhattisgarh States, Raipur on a proposal to reserve forest areas in the Abujmarh Hills inhabited by aboriginals. 3pp., 1940.
  6. TS copy of letter from E.S. Hyde, Administrator Bastar State to the Political Agent, Chhattisgarh States, Raipur, C.P. on The Indian Census, 1941 and the proposal to eliminate the enumeration of castes. 1939.
  7. Extracts from printed copies of Rules for the Administration of Justice in various districts, namely:
  8. Printed Note by the Governor of the Central Provinces, F.V. Wylie on the Condition of Aboriginal tribes in the Balaghat and Mandla Districts, 27 March, 1940. (10 pp.). A severe report on the conditions of, and injustices to, the tribal peoples, in their work for the Government (Forestry mainly), together with firm and constructive suggestions for improving their general welfare particularly agricultural and righting the injustices. Severe criticism of educational and medical services, water and excise policy, animal sanctuaries, etc. A comprehensive, detailed and imaginative survey based on the Governor’s tour of the area.
  9. Printed Enquiry into the condition of the aboriginal tribes in the Central Provinces and Berar by W.V. Grigson (Aboriginal tribes enquiry officer, Central Provinces and Berar). (19 pp.) July, 1940.
  10. Questionnaire No. 1 Law and Justice.
  11. Questionnaire No. 2 Franchise, Political education, local self-government, panchayats, tribal organisation and mukaddams.
  12. Copy of typed answers to Questionnaire No. 3 on Bond Service, by E.S. Hyde.
  13. Copy of a letter from E.S. H. to W.V.G., 8 July, 1940 referring to a note on the excluded areas. Refers to his experience in Assam. (3pp.)
  14. Reply to above by W.V.G. 12 July, 1940. Difference between C.P. and Assam. Importance of amending laws at same time as aboriginal protection charter is enacted. Refers in particular to necessity for getting bond-service legislation altered. (6pp.)
  15. Letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 19.7.40, about inaccuracy of statistics for the area. (2pp.)
  16. Letter from W.V.G. to E.S.H. 23 July 1940 about tahsildar of Dindori (lp.)
  17. Printed Memorandum from the Office of the Aboriginal Tribes Enquiry Officer, C.P. and Berar, Nagpur, W.V. Grigson, to all Deputy Commissioners of the Province, on Questionnaire No. 3. Bond-Service amongst aboriginal farm labourers. Includes Questionnaire No. 3 (6pp.).
  18. Printed Memorandum (as above): copy of Press Communique of the Government of Madras taken from Fort St. George Gazette, Part 1 of the 23 July 1940. (2pp.)
  19. Printed Memorandum (as above) to Director of Public Instruction C.P. and Berar and D.G. on Questionnaire No. 4. Aboriginal Education – Includes Questionnaire No. 4. (7pp.)
  20. Letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G., 11 September 1940, about delays in dealing with legal cases, and also a particularly oppressive malguzar. (2pp.)
  21. Letter from W.V.G. to E.H.S. about the enquiry not being a waste of time, 18 October 1940. (lp.)
  22. Copy of TS note by the anthropologist C. Van Furer Haimendorf on the Chenchus of Hyderabad surveying the injustices inflicted on them, and the proposed measures to combat these, possibly by making reserves, and protecting their traditional way of life and values. Circulated by W.V.G. as relevant to the aboriginal problem of the C.P. (18pp.)
  23. Memorandum from office of the D.C. Mandla (E.S.H.) to the Aboriginal Tribes Enquiry officer C.P. and Berar, Nagpur. November, 1940, on the expropriation of aboriginal tenants.
  24. Brief History of Settlements, 1818-90, and review of aboriginal population from 1891. Nature of problem.
  25. Report on expropriation of aboriginals from tenantry holdings (1866-1930) by G.M. Deshpande, Superintendent of Land Records, Mandla. Includes the original statement of total areas and rents in last three settlements in each tahsil to end of 1939-40, and the list of villages owned by Gond Malguzar of Mandla Tahsil. (12p including one very large sheet of statistics.)
  26. TS letter from Verrier Elwin, at Camp Sadhawan, Bastar State, 6 November, 1940, to E.S.H. about protecting the Gonds, the Gond Niaha Saba, and his distrust of a future Nationalist Hindu Government. Included in this letter his Note on the Gond ‘Karma’ (dancing) (3pp.)
  27. TS Note on the Gond Karma (dancing) by Mr. Verrier Elwin. Description and effect of the Karma dance and various opinions on it, and as an aspect of Gond culture. n.d. (two copies).
  28. TS letter from the Maharajah of Sarangarh to E.S.H. 7 November 1940, inviting him to a meeting to discuss the future of aboriginals. Other participants include: W.V. Grigson; W. Archer; C.P. Simington; C. Von Furer Haimendorf and Elwin, etc. (1p)
  29. TS letter from W.V.G. to E.S.H. 9 November 1940, about the answers to Questions 1, 2, 3 of Questionnaire, sent in by the Roman Catholic priests in the Mandla district, particularly in relation to elopement of Gond women, and the dance Karma. (2pp.)
  30. TS letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. in reply to above and commenting on the priests’ opinions. Accusations of administrative shortcomings to be investigated – opinion of Karma dance given by Elwin (See 15). (2pp)
  31. MS letter from Mgr. Dubbelmans, Prefect Apostolic, Jubbulpore sending a copy of the reply to Questionnaires by Priests of the Mandla District, and E.S.H.’s acknowledgment. (2pp.)
  32. Duplicated Report of some Catholic priests of Mandla District in connection with the questionnaires issued by the aboriginal tribes enquiry officer. The answers to questions about marriage particularly interesting. (21pp.)
  33. Duplicated answers to the 4th Questionnaire made by the Rev,.G. can. Dorst and others, Mandla. (8pp.)
  34. Copy of TS letter from Mgr. Dubblemans to W.V.G. 25 November 1940, commenting in particular on marriage among Gonds, sent by W.V.G. to E.S.H. (3pp.)
  35. Copy of TS letter from the Deputy Director of Agriculture, Northern Circle, C.P. Jubbulpore in answer to W.V.G.’s criticism of the Dindori Farm in his notes on the Aboriginal Problem in the Mandla District. Main criticism the neglect of aboriginals by the Agricultural Department. Covering letter from W.V.G. who sent it to Verrier Elwin and Hyde. 29 November 1940. 7pp.
  36. Copy of TS letter from Verrier Elwin to W.V.G. from Jagdalpur P.O. Bastar State, 6 December 1940. Refers to note from Agricultural Department. Gond morals discussed. (4pp.)
  37. Letter from W.V.G. to E.S.H. Camp Kuvakodi, 26 December 1940, referring to the invitation from the Maharajah of Sarangarh to a conference on the Aboriginal problem, and to the Hill Marias. (2pp.)
  38. Letter from Verrier Elwin to E.S.H. from Patan, Mandla District, 2 January, 1941, about the rights of the aboriginals to gather minor forest produce. Refers to his note on Aboriginal Education.(1p.)
  39. Copy of TS letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 10 January 1941. Criticism of Medical and Veterinary Departments in regard to their treatment of aboriginals. Specific items scrutinized, and comparison with Bastar State. Suggests complete,overhaul of Departments.
  40. Two extracts from Tour Diary of Mr. S.D. Bhagwar Tahsildar Niwas for the month of January, 1941, regarding land possession. (2 pp.)
  41. Note by E.S.H. 20 January 1941, about the attitude of Forest Guards to aboriginials. 2pp.
  42. Copy of a TS letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 14 January 1941, about Aboriginal Reserves and in reference to Dr. Haimendorf’s paper on the Chenchus. Protection of aboriginals means complete change in administration, etc. Aboriginals unprotected from traders’ exploitation under present legislation. Suggestions for reserves, and legal amendments. (6 pp).
  43. Copy of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 19 January 1941, about fines on aboriginals and including Memorandum, 15 January on the same subject.
  44. Copies of letters to and from E.S.H. and Dr. Eileen Macfarlane and W.V.G. at the R.C. Mission Khandiva, about taking blood samples from Gonds, 30 January, 4 February and 8 February 1941. (4pp.)
  45. Comment by E.S.H. on Verrier Elwin’s note on Aboriginal Education. (2pp.)
  46. Extract from note 11 March 1941, on illicit distillation. (1p.)
  47. Copy of letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. on medical aid in aboriginal areas. 14 March 1941. (1p.)
  48. Extracts of Notes from the Secretariat file regarding application (to aboriginals and co-operatives) of the C.P. Tenancy (Amendment) Act VIII of 1941, sent by W.V.G. to E.S.H. 29 September 1941.
  49. Copy of letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 1 October 1941, about C.P. Tenancy Act as affecting aboriginals. (lp.)
  50. Copy of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 29 October 1941, about a case of extortion by a Brahmin from an aboriginal. (lp.)
  51. Letters regarding the diet of the aboriginals:
  52. Copy of a letter from E.S.H. to W.V.G. 27 January 1941, about the aboriginal and land tenure. Only hope for the aboriginal is by strict protective legislation. Examples of exploitation of aboriginals by malguzars. (3pp.)
  53. Miscellaneous papers relating to aboriginal problems in Mandla.
  54. TS judgement with MS note by E.S.H. that it was a case concerning aboriginals he reviewed as he thought the sentence unduly severe. 19 August 1940. (2pp.)
  55. Copy of the Report on the Bastar and Kharonde Dependencies of the Ralpore District by Lt. Colonel C. Elliott, Deputy Commissioner of Raipur to the Commissioner of Nagpur. 27 May 1856. TS bound, 34 pp. illus., plan.
  56. TS note by E.S. Hyde as introduction.
  57. 9 February 1936 Gond Java Mandal, Karaiyai, Mandla District to Mr. Hyde, Administrator, Jagdalpur, asking for guidance in his study of the Gonds of Bastar, part of his campaign for protecting the aboriginal tribes. Mentions being still politically suspect (as pro-Congress). Attitude of Government and Congress towards tribesmen.. 2pp.
  58. 16 December 1936. S.S. Kaiser-i-Hind on return from England. Has had to leave Karaiyai, now in Dindori, which they have bought. Opposition to the work from Hindu minor officials, etc. makes things difficult. Asks to be given some sort of official status. 4pp.
  59. 17 February 1937. Gorakhpur, Dindori Tahsil. Village where no Englishman has been within living memory. Congress infiltrators’ Hinduising tactics with Gonds, in name of the Government. Elwin to be an Hon. Magistrate. Comments on effect of his books Phulmat of the Hills and Leaves from the Jungle. 3pp.
  60. 17 April 1937. Gorakhpur. Brief note about an applicant for a job in Bastar. 1p.
  61. 20 June 1937. Gorakhpur. Effect of Congress propaganda on the Gonds and on himself. Proposes that Hyde appoint him ethnographer to Bastar State. 1p.
  62. 28 October 1937. Gorakhpur. Depressed with illness and situation in India particularly regarding the Gonds.
  63. 10 January 1938. Gorakhpur. Has sold village, and wants to move, asks Hyde for advice.
  64. 31 December l938. Gorakhpur. Remarks on a review of W.V. Grigson’s book The Muria Gonds of Bastar. Wants to go to Bastar again to research. Encloses letter written on 12 December 1938 asking for a subscription towards the cost of publishing his book on the Baiga. Contents list of the Baiga; report by Professor J.H. Hutton. Other reports on the book 5 pp.
  65. 12 June 1939. P & O S.S. Mooltan. Finds England absorbed in war, not interested in tribals. Attitude towards prohibition in India by England. 2pp.
  66. 7 August 1939. Governor’s Camp. C.P. Berar. Is to study the Muria and their Gotul with research grant from Merton College. 1p.
  67. 21 September 1939. Gorakhpur. Has been approved for Census work. Comparison of war conditions and lot of the tribals. lp.
  68. 11 November 1939. Gorakhpur. Relating to Hyde remaining in Bastar and helping the tribals. Illness. lp.
  69. 8 December 1939. Gorakhpur. Illness. Hopes to get to Bastar in January.
  70. 11 February 1940. Gorakhpur. Asking for formal permission to work in various tribal areas. Going to Bihar. 2pp.
  71. 25 February 1940. c/o W.G. Archer, K.S., Census Superintendent, Bihar, Hazaribagh. Going to tribal areas in Chota Nagpur. Various requests for help before coming to Bastar.
  72. 12 April 1940. Gorakhpur. Hyde going to Mandla. Has just married a Gond. Encloses a photograph. 1p.
  73. 15 May 1940. Gorakhpur. Going to Bastar, and Hyde to Mandla. Remarks about the corruption in Mandla. 1p.
  74. 18 September 1940. Jagdalpur, Bastar State. Writes as Hon. Ethnographer. Remarks on Mandla individuals and the corrupt situation. 1p.
  75. 28 September 1940. Jagdalpur. Remarks on corruption in Dindari and Mandla. Proposed Friends of the Aboriginals Society. 1p.
  76. 13 December 1940. Jagdalpur. Answering inquiries about the Agarias.
  77. 8 February 1941. Jagdalpur. Comments on Government attitudes towards aboriginals. Anti-British propaganda in Karanjia. Agreement with Hyde’s Note on Aboriginal Reserves. 1p.
  78. 12 May 1941. Patan. Comment on District Council Schools as centres of Hinduisation etc. More about other Hinduisation incidents.
  79. 23 May 1941. Mandla. Hindu propaganda at Ramnagar camp.
  80. 30 June 1941. Mandla. Consequences of closing down of Madhopur Camp to aboriginals.
  81. 8 November 1941. Jagdalpur. Comment on Hindu character of aboriginal religion. Lawyer for aboriginals.
  82. 19 March 1942. Jagdalpur. Comment on Radhakrishnan. Mentions book on Marias. Has been appointed Hon. Ethnographer, Bastar State.
  83. Correspondence 1944 chiefly relating to V. Elwin’s controversy with the R.C. Missionaries, Mandla district.
  84. 13 duplicated Newsletters (and one diary), from Bhumijan Seva to Mandal, Mandla District. 1937: 8 April, 29 August, 1 December; 1938:18 March, 10 June, 20 August, 1 November, 1939: 10 January (account of the Ashram by Eldyth Elwin, Verrier Elwin’s sister) 15 November. 1940: 4 January, 1 May, 24 December and Bulletin No.4 October 1944 (printed). These newsheets cover the events, progress and daily life of the Ashram at Bhumijan Seva Mandal, Mandla District, which included schools, leper homes and agricultural projects. They are concerned with the development of aboriginals, and protection of their rights.
  85. TS of essay submitted by Verrier Elwin for the Wellcome Medal, 1939. The Cause and Cure of the failure of nerve among the aboriginals of the Central Provinces of India. 52pp.
  86. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal. Science Vol. VI, 1940, No.1, Calcutta 1940. Note refers to article Blood grouping in the Deccan and Eastern Ghats by Eileen W.E. Macfarlane.
  87. 7 photographs taken in 1942-43 in the Lushai (now Mizo Hills) when E.S. Hyde was Additional Superintendent and Superintendent. 12 photographs of Surat, Darjeeling, Hyderabad, Karwar, Andamans; Burma. 4 photographs of Bastar State, including Mrs. Milward the sculptress. 1 photograph of Mandla.

Hyde, E.S. Papers: Box 1

  1. Report of proceedings, Committee of State Ministers. Bombay, 12-14 April 1939. (Secret)
  2. Full report of the Sessions Trial, Bastar State v. Mahadeo Sadan and Chaitan, 1938.
  3. ‘Reports on the following cases in the Court of Sessions: Bastar State v. Kawasi, 26 January 1938; Bastar State v. Lamti Raut and Bondku Rait, 9 March 1938; ‘Bastar State v. Dengue, Kana and Dhudu, 14 May 1938; Bastar State v. Dhosu, 24 June 1938.
  4. Memorandum from the Administrator, Bastar State to the Political Agent Chhattisgarh States, Raipur, proposing to constitute a High Court for the Chhattisgarh States Agency. 30 September 1939. 9 pp.
  5. Speech made by the Administrator, Bastar State on the return of the Maharaja and his brother and sisters after a stay in the Hill Station 1938.
  6. “Bastar State. Administration reports … 1934-18. Jagdalpur, 1935-40. 5 vols.