Remaining letters written from Iran.
United Provinces, Chinese Turkestan,
Indore, Calcutta, Assam, N.W.F.P.
1930 – 1947
Letters from H.A.N.B. to his sisters written from the British Consulate, Kerman, Iran. 1942 – 1944.
Letters to John Miller.
|4.1||• 5 May 1930. Agra. Written on the day of Gandhi’s arrest. Censoring all incoming and outgoing telegrams. Superintendent of Police’s action with Satyagraha demonstration|
|4.2||• 20 November 1934. Kashgar. Describes arduous journey from Srinagar – taking two months. Gilgit, Hunza Valley, Kilik, Tashkurghan, Yongi Hissar. 5 major passes. Is Vice Consul at Kashgar – describes area. Strange mixture of ancient and modern. Comments on political situation – Nanking’s control.|
|4.3||• 12 October 1935. (Kashgar) Bostan Terek. On leave – staying at Swedish Missionaries’ bungalow. Visit of Peter Fleming writing for The Times, having come overland from Peking in 5 months 10 days, travelling with Mlle. Maillart, a Swiss journalist.|
|4.4||• 6 February 1936. Kashgar. Decoded telegram carrying warning of agents being planted in Consulate. Plagued by Secret Police.|
|4.5||• 5 July 1936. (Kashgar) Bostan Terek. Describes routing of letters addressed to Sinkiang as via Moscow and always opened. Only one month’s leave granted. Hoping to return to a posting in India.|
|4.6||• 15 January 1939. Calcutta. Refers to murder of P.A. Major Bazalgette – Culmination of long crisis. Demand for reforms in States used by Congress Government at last given more personnel and armed force.|
|4.7||• From Kernan, Iran|
Letters to his sisters from Indore, Calcutta, Shillong, Margherita – Upper Assam. June 1944 – April 1946.
|4.8||• 4 June 1944. Indore. Secretary to the Resident, Col. Campbell. Magnificent Residency. Others on the staff include the Political Agents of Malwa, Bhopal and Bundelkand: Col. Webb, Col. Harvey and Mr. Thompson. Indore Agency controls 50 States. Strict petrol rationing. Col. Nicholson is the doctor – recalled because of the war.|
|4.9||• 18 June 1944. Indore. Responsible for most of price control. Luggage arrived. New leave scheme.|
|4.10||• 2 July 1944. Indore. Moves into his own house – description. Conference for Princes from the Agency and Political Agents. Buys refrigerator at great expense.|
|4.11||• 16 July 1944. Indore. Hears from missionary in Kimen of shooting. On tour: Rajgarh under British administration as Raja is a minor.. Reservoir- no pipes as unobtainable during war time. Comments on Political Agents free hand in administered States.|
|4.12||• 30 July 1944. Dhar State. On tour. Describes ancient city of Mandu. Visits Ratlain, Sailana, & Jama States with some description of each.|
|4.13||• 6 August 1944. Indore. What his work involves – re controls.|
|4.14||• 3 September 1944. Colonel Webb granted 6 months leave.|
|4.15||• 17 September 1944. Mr. Bradshaw to succeed Colonel Webb. Entertains Mr. Wakefield I.C.S. (later Sir Edward Wakefield, M.P.)|
|4.16||• 1 October 1944. Entertains two Army Officers on leave from Burma who are appreciative of the Nagas’ help. Considerable nuisance of Brahmini bulls in Indore.|
|4.17||• 15 October 1944. Meets Mr. Egerton who is replacing Mr. Thompson (later Sir Herbert Thompson) as Political Agent in Bundelkhand.|
|4.18||• 29 October 1944.|
|4.19||• 12 November 1944. Account of tour to Bhopal, Datia, Orchha, Panna and Rewa. Nawab of Bhopal – a prominent war supporter. Maharajah of Datia decrepit. Panna – diamond mines. Rewa – difficult state, Wakefield is Chief Minister. Mr. Keen – the new Under Secretary and family arrive.|
|4.20||• 26 November 1944|
|4.21||• 10 December 1944. Air letters introduced. Mr. Herbert (later Sir Charles Herbert) takes over from Colonel Campbell.|
|4.22||• 17 December 1944. Accommodation plans for Viceroy’s visit to Bhopal.|
|4.23||• 24 December 1944. Viceroy’s visit to Bhopal cancelled. Patrick Keen appointed Under Secretary in Political Department. Christmas social events.|
|4.24||• 3 January 1945. Four days at Rajgarh – Khilchipur and Nasingarh. The Nawab of Jaora has succession problem.|
|4.25||• 12 January 1945. Jaora. Visits to hospitals and offices. Meets several of Nawab’s sons – comments on the State.- Colonel Bradshaw new Policical Agent replacing Colonel Webb in Malwa Agency. Sitamun – small State: Neemuch State.|
|4.26||• 28 January 1945. Indore. On tour to Dhar, Jhabua, Jobat, Alirajpur, Kathiwara and Barwani. Visits Mandu again – once a population of 700,000 now 700. Thebna State – primitive – tribal dancing by Bhils. Tobat – very small state. Comments on Maharajah of Alirajpur and his grandson who was educated at Marlborough.|
|4.27||• 2 February 1945. Canadian missionaries done good work. Kathiwara State – entertained by Ruler. Bagh: Buddhist caves. Jain statue. Comment on work.|
|4.28||• 11 February 1945. New Under Secretary arrives – F.F. Gilboy. Sir Cyril Norwood lecturing in India.|
|4.29||• 26 February 1945. Panna State. Bhopal where Colonel Webb will succeed Mr. Harvey. Raja of Nagod. Irrigation Dam on River Ken: Chhatarapur – meets Raja at Khajuraho, Hindu and Jain temples. Bijawar State – Raja a minor.|
|4.30||• 3 March 1945. Nowgong. Charkhari State. War exhibition, demonstrations by troops, men and women. Kitchener College for young officers. Entertained by Raja at Harpelpur.|
|4.31||• 11 March 1945. Indore.|
|4.32||• 25 March 1945. Personal comments. Two naval officers on leave.|
|4.33||• 8 April 1945. Mr. Herbert leaves: Colonel Webb becomes Resident.|
|4.34||• 22 April 1945. Visit of Freya Stark.|
|4.35||• 29 April 1945.|
|4.36||• 15 May 1945. Germany’s surrender. Two days holiday. Thanksgiving services. State reception.|
|4.37||• 20 May 1945.|
|4.38||• 27 May 1945.|
|4.39||• 3 June 1945. Colonel Campbell returns. Leave confirmed.|
|4.40||• 10 June 1945. F.F. Gilboy succeeds H.A.N.B. then Bazalgette (brother of the murdered man).|
|4.41||• 17 June 1945.|
|4.42||• 24 June 1945. Returned P.O.W.’s pass through.|
|4.43||• 2 July 1945. More N.C.O.’s P.O.W.’s entertained.|
Letters to his brother and sister-in-law from Indore, Assam, Calcutta & New Delhi:
30 December 1945 – 7 August 1947.
|4.44||• 30.12.1945. Indore. Preparing to go to Assam.|
|4.45||• 3.1.1945. Posted to Margherita in Upper Assam.|
|4.46||• 8.1.1946. Calcutta. Journey. Meets Mr. Richardson, Political Service – expert on Tibetan affairs.|
|4.47||• 11.1.1946. Shillong. News of his servant Napoleon and chauffeur. Recounts arduous journey. Discovers more of what his work will entail and the people he will work with.|
|4.48||• 14.1.1946. Wave of depression spreading among European members of the Services, – disheartened by corruption. India & Communism. Leaving for Margherita with. Mr. Meiklejohn.|
|4.49||• 18.1.1946. Margherita. Meets acting Political officer, Mr. Kellett. Opinion of Naga people.|
|4.50||• 20.1.1946. Over 10,000 Americans in the area. Not enamoured with local society. Says touring will be difficult.|
|4.51||• 23.1.1946. Describes the 300 mile long Ledo road. Tour programme.|
|4.52||• 28.1.1946. Describes bungalow. Social Describes Naga dress – also the Konyak Nagas and Semas.|
|4.53||• 3.2.1946. Tour to Howgrijan Tea Garden via Digboi and Tinsukia. Appalling road conditions. Mr. Stewart host at Jaipur tea garden. Military post at Dilli. Proceeding to Namsang which is an independent territory – Raja called Bong Wang Ang. Results of Naga contact with plains. Much power in hands of Raja’s brother, Wanglok. Abor tribe at Sadiya. Lunch at Naga village. Fire in the servants’ ‘bashas’ (bamboo huts with thatched roofs).|
|4.54||• 11.2.1946. Sumtsi – describes trek on foot with Meikeljohn, Wanglok and interpreter, Wangkop, on to Laptang; marching song of Naga coolies. Marvels at furniture made from bamboo for the camps. Borduria – next territory. Great animosity with Namsang. To Khonsa – meets Americans bringing in the bodies of airmen who crashed in the mountains.|
|4.55||• 15.2.1946. Khonsa – unadministered Konyak Naga country. Assam Rifles Post and Dispensary. Incident with Raja at Khetti. A doctor from the Khonsa Dispensary and 6 Ghurka soldiers join tour. Has to adjudicate in a quarrel between two villages. Descriptive of the different Nagas and of each days march. Camps at Thinchha, Laju (Layu) and Tuthyu.|
|4.56||• 20.2.1946. Camp flooded out. Khimyang – Assam Rifles post; back in administered territory. Describes appearance and dress of local people. Describes casework. Yanman. Sema Nagas hymn singing. Appreciation of the Naga people. Changlang – impressed by heavy loads the women coolies carry.|
|4.57||• 25.2.1946. Tipang for two nights. Margherita – Col. Leitch, Resident for Shan States and family staying en route for Burma. Also staying – Dr. Segrave of the book Burma Surgeon. Plans next tour. Comments on local languages.|
|4.58||• 10.2.1946. Margherita. Surmises about his future and the future of the services during transition. Comment on American attitude.|
|4.59||• 14.2.1946. Rima. On tour. Ledo road to frontier post called Hellgate. Misses Meiklejohn but feels at home with Napoleon and the Nagas. Camp at Ningrang. Singpho country — describes the Singphos. Miao – travelled on elephants belonging to Chief Bisa Ladoi – camps on banks of river Noa Dihing. Food given by villages. Enjoyment of touring:|
|4.60||• 18.2.1946. Detailed description of daily life on tour. Phalah – Singpho country. Modoi – luggage raft made. Kalanja Ghat – describes usual procedure when meeting village headman – food given. Bisa Nthem.|
|4.61||• 24.2.1946. Margherita. Overwhelming impression he has of both tours is hospitality of the people. 35 officers and a number of soldiers coming to guard equipment left by Americans. Comments on difference in behaviour of British and American troops.|
|4.62||• 2.4.1946. Possibility for H.A.N.B. of posting as Consul General in Kashgar. His views on the pro’s and cons of this in view of coming transition. Finds Margherita society dull.|
|4.63||• 7.4.1946. All Residents summoned to Conference in Delhi – possible to give date of departure for India. Attitude of Tea Company to appalling condition of his bungalow.|
|4.64||• 12.4.1946. Incident between Sema and an Indian subordinate; feels future government of India will need very special men as officers if they want to control the hill people.|
|4.65||• 19.4.1946. Anxious as has not been notified of future posting.|
|4.66||• 28.4.1946. Return of Mr. Walker. H.A.N.B. plans to go to Shillong. Critical week for negotiations in Delhi.|
|4.67||• 1.5.1946. Shillong. Posted to Quetta as Political Agent. Comments on refusal of the Foreign Secretary and Government of India to allow him a posting under the Assam Provincial Government in the Naga Hills. Moving send-off from Margherita.|
|4.68||• 5.5.1946. Calcutta. (Great Eastern Hotel).|
|4.69||• 12.5.1946. New Delhi. (Imperial Hotel). Kashgar appointment given to Shipton. Sees old friend Major Hassan from Keman days. (Later Pakistan Ambassador to Ankara and elsewhere). Assistant Tom Rogers. Finds people depressed about the future.|
|4.70||• 16.5.1946. Quetta. Describes awful journey. Momentous announcement given in Parliament. Says Quetta is incredibly behind the rest of India in its social activities.|
|4.71||• 25.5.1946. Back from tour to Chaman on Afghan border.. Nice house. Says things are not promising in India as both sides have put off a decision.|
|4.72||• 2.6.1946. Angry at delayed dispatch of luggage from Grindlays in Calcutta. Describes house and hired furniture. Pleased with his other house at Pishin. District stretches to Afghan border.|
|4.73||• 9.6.1946. Job entails presiding over many meetings, e.g. Boy Scouts Committee. Airborne Brigade display. Crop inspection at Pishin and other visits.. Meets Sir Henry Holland and family again. Holland starting a dispensary at Barshor.|
|4.74||• 13.6.1946. Colonel Poulton officiating Agent to Governor General. Describes strenuous day inspecting crops at Pishin. Social.|
|4.75||• 23.6.1946. Typhoid and cholera infections. Sees some mechanical farming at Khanozai – farmer says tractor did in 10 days what would have taken him four years with manual labour. Ziarat, local hill station – very popular. Brief comment on riots in Kashmir.|
|4.76||• 30.6.1946. Chaman – dines in officers’ mess of Mewar Infantry. Entertains local Afghans official. Sees defences built in 1941-43 against possible Russian or German invasion. Is returning officer for two elections: (1) the Baluchistan representative on the Constituent Assembly; (2) Municipal Elections, the first ever held in Baluchistan.|
|4.77||• 7.7.1946. Comments on forthcoming elections – seat said to be worth 50 thousand rupees. H.A.N.B. is vote counter. Sudden arrival of sister of King of Afghanistan.|
|4.78||• 14.7.1946. Social.|
|4.80||• 24.7.1946. Camp on Toba Kakar range. On tour with Sir Henry Holland – attitude to his work. Ibrahim Khan – descriptive – Sabura – visits abandoned levy post, Injanai 7 miles from frontier.|
|4.81||• 4.8.1946. Ziarat. Describes Hill Station. Conference of Political Agents.|
|4.82||• 11.8.1946. Social.|
|4.83||• 25.8.1946. Quetta. Comments on national situation – very explosive, even in Quetta. Pishin Scouts – newly formed body to help security.|
|4.84||• 29.8.1946. Feelings running high. He is .responsible for law and order. Muslim Festival of Id – 7 local men renounce their titles. Some rioting.|
|4.85||• 8.9.1946. Describes riots and looting and his part in control. Five found dead.|
|4.86||• 15.9.1946. Tension eased. Saddened to think of the services coming to an end.|
|4.87||• 17.9.1946. Camp Jilga -Toba Achakzai. Descriptive. Tribal cure for stomach ache. Chaman.|
|4.88||• 29.9.1946. Quetta, Quiet week. Does not want to serve in Nehru’s Foreign Service if India is to leave Empire.|
|4.89||• 6.10.1946. Hindu Festival of Dasehra – elaborate police arrangements made, but quiet. Invited to join 8th Gurkha Regiment’s celebrations.|
|4.90||• 13.10.1946. Foreign Secretary, Mr. Wrightmen, wants to know his reactions to being possibly transferred to Manipur State. Comments. Prosecution cases arising out of riots. Mr. Wrightmen talks to staff. on their future.|
|4.91||• 19.10.1946. Comments on difficulties that would arise if posted to Manipur. Residency dance. Under new Government Baluchistan will have an Advisory Council to assist the A.G.G. Intrigues about membership.|
|4.92||• 27.10.1946. Visit by Field Marshall Sir Claude Auchinleck. Guest night with 8th Gurkha Regiment – their future unknown. Much uncertainty about the departure date of the services.|
|4.93||• 3.11.1946. Personal reactions to Sir Geoffrey Prior, the new A.G.G.|
|4.94||• 10.11.1946. Comments on the Constituent Assembly and the fears of communal rioting. Dispute over water rights.|
|4.95||• 17.11.1946. Difficult case of Hindu boy wishing to become a Muslim. Two cases of stabbing. Conference with Afghan officials at Chaman – very friendly. Cases arising out of riots taking a long time.|
|4.96||• 25.11.1946. Political tension increase. Comments on local Muslim League Leaders. Meets Committee for setting up a national cadet organisation. United Services Club in Simla to be sold.|
|4.97||• 1.12.1946. Takes in boarder – Bill Cranston, Under Secretary to Sir Geoffrey Prior. Five in his office.|
|4.98||• 8.12.1945. Pleased with news of London Conference – that the Government will not force a Congress-made constitution on to Muslim provinces. Comments on his riot case and the fire in his office.|
|4.99||• 15.12.1946. Issues all licences for cinemas etc.|
|4.100||• 22.12.1946. Comments on Political Officers in the provinces.|
|4.101||• 25.12.1946. Oliver Murphy coming to board instead of Bill Cranston. Daughter of J.P. Mills in Assam dies.|
|4.102||• 5.1.1947. Much wheat sown after snow and rain. Proposed Fellowship of the Royal Society of Art. Social.|
|4.103||• 12.1.1947. Rumour that he.5.be transferred yet again. Also that Congress.5.keep on a few Englishmen on the N.W. Frontier Province.|
|4.104||• 19.1.1947. Inadequate offers by British Government of alternative posts for retiring Indian Civil Servants 60 posts for 1,000 men. Indian Government does a volte-face and offers to employ all British personnel on the same terms as hitherto.|
|4.105||• 26.1.1947. O.B.E. to be given at the Durbar at Sibi. Brief comment on Mr. Henderson’s visit to India and political situation.|
|4.106||• 2.2.1947. Thefts in the Office. All British troops leaving Quetta.|
|4.107||• 9.2.1947. Retiring Civil Servants now offered posts in ex-Italian colonies of N. Africa.|
|4.108||• 16.2.1947. Description of activities in Sibs. including the Durbar. Presentation of O.B.E. Railway strike.|
|4.109||• 20.2.1947. In Civil Hospital with amoebic dysentery. Penicillin treatment. Fears of unemployment for many British on returning to England. Lord Wavell resigns. Changes coming in Quetta Administration.|
|4.110||• 3.2.1947. Comments on Sir Geoffrey Prior.|
|4.111||• 9.2.1947. Plans for Sir Geoffrey Prior’s arrival back in Quetta. Punjab riots. Stoppages on railways. Mail is awry.|
|4.112||• 16.2.1947. Depressed: fear of riots in Punjab spreading. Many friends leaving India. Sir Geoffrey Prior’s arrival.|
|4.113||• 23.2.1947. Comments on Sir Henry Holland’s work. Received orders to go into question of what files and books need to be destroyed before handing over.|
|4.114||• 30.2.1947. On tour to Chaman. His guest, the Bishop of Lahore. Future so uncertain.|
|4.115||• 6.4.1947. Good Friday service – Hindus, Muslims and Parsees there. Many friends leaving. Feels it is sad and tragic that such a fine service is breaking up.|
|4.116||• 13.4.1947. Hunt Ball. Possible compensation for retiring officers. Three nights at Pishin, Masonic dinner – mostly Indians.|
|4.117||• 20.4.1947. Chaman – escort of Pishin Scouts.|
|4.118||• 27.4.1947. Selection of staff for British High Commission. Muslim League Annual Conference – nervousness of Hindus and Sikhs. 40 per cent of the minorities, about 15,000 people have left Quetta. Land values fallen 25 per cent. Indians’ comments. Believes about 90 per cent of population wishes British to stay.|
|4.119||• 4.5.1947. Three choices open to H.A.N.B.|
|4.120||• 10.5.1947. Guest of Sir Geoffrey Prior’s at Ziarat. Sir Henry Holland preaches at church – his last before retirement.|
|4.121||• 18.5.1947. More on the uncertainty of the present situation – indications that the Muslim League provinces will be more likely than the Congress provinces to retain British Officers.|
|4.122||• 25.5.1947. On tour to Tobar Plateau. Difficulty of Sir Geoffrey Prior’s position – politically. Political Agents’ Conference.|
|4.123||• 27.5.1947. Dobandi. Escort of Pishin Scouts. Dr. R. Halland with party – descriptive of work and places. Torkach, Borchan, Agkbarg.|
|4.124||• 8.6.1947. Quetta. Announcement of Dominion Status expected by August. Particular difficulties for Baluchistan. Future for I.C.S. officers still obscure.|
|4.125||• 15.6.1947. To have interview in London – date unknown.|
|4.126||• 22.6.1947. Baluchistan has to decide whether to join Hindustan or Pakistan within the week. Much intrigue and lobbying. Many decisions having to be made.|
|4.128||• 6.7.1947. Has to fly to London for interview and return immediately. Offer from Assam Government. Peaceful in Quetta after decision to join Pakistan. Comments on Nehru and the word India.|
|4.129||• 13.7.1947. Interview not until after transfer of power on 15 August.|
|4.130||• 20.7.1947. Will be released end of July but Sir Geoffrey Prior says he cannot spare him.|
|4.131||• 27.7.1947. Still in a state of complete uncertainty. Boats he may leave on. Ziarat to say goodbye to Sir Geoffrey Prior.|
|4.132||• 7.8.1947. Taj Hotel, Bombay. Sailing on Franconia. Is glad he will miss celebrations on 15th August. Farewell dinner at Quetta.|
Kashgar, Bandh State, Simla Hill States, Hunza, Jamnagar State:
1936 – 1947.
|4.133||• Personal file of Mr. H.A.N. Barlow re recovery of an amount of money on goods sent from Kashgar to Hunza (Misgar); correspondence covering the years 18.11.36 – 26.10.39 which shows the attempts which were finally unsuccessful, to recover an amount due from a carrier, Qadir Akhun. 17 pp.|
|4.134||• Bills, receipts etc., for Kashgar journey 1934.|
Bengal, Assam, C.P., Bihar & Orissa. Sikkim,
Govt. of India (Simla and New Delhi).
Posted to Meshed, Iran.
1937 – 1941
Letters home. November 1937 – October 1941:
|3.1||• 11.11.1937. Calcutta|
|3.2||• 13.11.1937. Stays with Col. and Mrs. Robson at Hastings House Alipore. Moves into palatial house. Newly formed Agency. Is Provincial Commissioner of Police.|
|3.3||• 20.11.1937. Describes Hastings House, and coming visit to States.|
|3.4||• 24.11.1937. Jashpurnagar. Met by Regent Rani. People mostly aboriginal. Visits schools, offices and jails. Communications bad.|
|3.5||• 27.11.1937. Ambikapur, Surguja State. Entertained by Maharaja of Surguja. Describes reception and entertainment. Dharamjargarh, Udaipur State, C.I. Under minority administration. Mentions a Mrs. Macpherson who lives in palace. Comment on lack of economic development in State, through lack of roads. Raigarh State. Entertainments & inspection. Leave via Sarangarh to Raipur. Stay in Chiefs’ College (Rajkumar) with Principal, T. Pearce-Smith. Scouts Assoc., entertained by boys. Comment on importance of Chiefs’ College.|
|3.6||• 9.12.1937. Calcutta. Outlines future programme of tours.|
|3.7||• 19.12.1937. Describes house. Shares with Ronald Daubeny — A.D.C. to Robson, formerly A.D.C. to Willingdons.|
|3.8||• 23.12.1937. On tour. Bandh. State dinner. Harbhanga Camp. Christmas dinner. Amusements. Daspalla. State banquet – more amusements.|
|3.9||• 31.12.1937. Tour. Dhenkanal. Describes Raja and social events. Animals. Talcher State – Raja. Writes memorandum at request of Gilbert Laithwaite on deteriorating situation in Sinkiang.|
|3.10||• 16.1.1938. Calcutta.|
|3.11||• 23.1.1938. Social.|
|3.13||• 3.2.1938. Orderly murdered.|
|3.14||• 13.2.1938. Torchlight tattoo of 1/15th Punjab Regiment.|
|3.15||• 19.2.1938. Meets Father Douglas of the Oxford Mission — impressed with his work.|
|3.16||• 24.2.1938. On tour: Bastar State – Maharajah – schools etc., visited. Jagdalpur. Palace banquet – tribal dancing by Parjas Murias and Marias. Opening of new hospital. Visits Chitrakot and Tirathgarh. Sati stones.|
|3.17||• 2.3.1938. Raipur. Continuing tour. Raja. – young man of aboriginal stock. Chhuikhadan State, badly run, almost bankrupt.|
|3.18||• 13.3.1938. Calcutta. Protests about rent of house and occupier’s tax being deducted from his salary.|
|3.19||• 17.3.1938. Describes Holi Festival.|
|3.20||• 27.3.1938. Comments on rush for concessions in Orissa. Refers to a 5 month old strike at a cotton mill in Nandgaon – feels English employees have exploited workers.|
|3.22||• 17.4.1938. Comments on Indian Christians.|
|3.25||• 4.5.1938. Shillong. Describes journey. Accompanies Colonel Robson.|
|3.26||• 12.5.1938. Social.|
|3.27||• 20.5.1938. Khasi festival. Fancy Dress Ball.|
|3.30||• 12.6.1938. Examines Budgets of certain States with Colonel Robson.|
|3.32||• 24.6.1938. The Governor, Sir Robert Reid, departs to take over Governorship of Bengal. Mr. Hogg takes over.|
|3.33||• 3.7.1938. Refers to murder trial.|
|3.34||• 10.7.1938. Conference on Boundary dispute between Assam and Tripura ends. in deadlock.|
|3.36||• 23.7.1938. Serious political situation arisen in Nilgiri State. Floods cut main railway line from Shillong to Calcutta.|
|3.37||• 30.7.1938. Nilgiri situation seems settled.|
|3.39||• (No 39)|
|3.40||• 20.8.1938. Comments on administration.|
|3.41||• 28.8.1938. Further trouble in Nilgiri State.|
|3.42||• 4.9.1938. Calcutta. New Political Agent, Captain Bazalgette.|
|3.43||• 11.9.1938. Renewed agitation in Nilgiri. Disturbances also in Hindol, Tigina, Pallahara, Talchar, Bandh, Dhenkanal.|
|3.44||• 18.9.1938. Rebellion in Dhenkanal. Capital in danger. Insufficient police, urgent request for troops and police.|
|3.45||• 25.9.1938. Visits Dhenkanal – troops under Brigadier Goldjoap (?) and Captain Bazalgette attempting to establish law and order. Conferences with Raja, and Governor of Orissa.|
|3.46||• 2.10.1938. British troops left the States. Serious strike situation in Nandgaon State arisen.|
|3.47||• 9.10.1938. Signs of lessening trouble.|
|3.48||• 11.10.1938. More trouble in Dhenkanal.|
|3.49||• 16.10.1938. Conferring with Herbert, a Joint Secretary in Government of India on States’ situation. Captain Bazalgette goes again to Dhenkanal.|
|3.50||• 23.10.1938. Both London Telegraph and Indian press inaccurate on situation in the States. Violence continues. Comments on Raja of Dhenkanal.|
|3.51||• 30.10.1938. Confirmed in the Political Department.|
|3.53||• 13.11.1938. Refunded on Occupiers Tax.|
|3.54||• 20.11.1938. Cuttack – to discuss situation in Orissa State with Congress Ministers. New Under Secretary, Mr. Ahmad arrives to share house.|
|3.55||• 26.11.1938. Bastar. Mill strike at Nandgaon continues. Troops called in.|
|3.56||• 4.12.1938. Visits Muria, Parja and Maria villages.|
|3.57||• 8.12.1938. Keonjhar State. Describes visits to Raja, the Courts and Public offices. Also visits to Saraikela and Kharsawan States – descriptive.|
|3.58||• 16.12.1938. Calcutta. Bad news from Kashgar – all Swedish missionaries have had to leave and most of the British subjects. Many local inhabitants murdered.|
|3.59||• 25.12.1938. Tour with Col. Robson to Raipur. Bad report of affairs in Nandgaon State. Nagpur – consults with Governor of Central Provinces; Sir Francis Wylie; General Council Meeting of the Chiefs Colleges at Rajkumar. Lunch with Viceroy, Lord Linlithgow. Viceregal Ball. Other social events.|
|3.60||• 1.1.1939. State entry of Governor and Viceroy and Procession along the Racecourse. Governor’s Ball. Viceroy’s Garden Party.|
|3.61||• 6.1.1939. Major Bazalgette, Political agent murdered by mob in Ranpur.|
|3.62||• 9.1.1939. More on Major Bazalgette’s murder and circumstances.|
|3.63||• 22.1.1939. Major Searle arrives to succeed Major Bazalgette. Attends, with Colonel Robson, Conference in. Puri with senior Army Officers to discuss troop employment in Orissa Stales. Comments on Mr. Ahmad.|
|3.64||• 29.1.1939. Attends a Bhattachari Display.|
|3.68||• 24.2.1939. New Delhi. Saddened at Lord Brabourne’s death. Bad health – attended to by Colonel Elliott, the Viceroy’s Surgeon. Describes Investiture. Comment on personalities in Government circles.|
|3.69||• 6.3.1939. Calcutta.|
|3.70||• 16.3.1939. On tour nearly every weekend. Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Paipur, Mayurbhanj. Refers to Viceroy’s order for gunmen to protect them on tours to the States. Also to Mrs. Lorrimer’s book, Language hunting in the Kara Koram.|
|3.71||• 21.3.1939. Entertained at .5.urbhanj by Maharajah. Excavation of Khiching – 2nd Century. H.A.N.B. is ex-officio Political Agent for Tripura State.|
|3.72||• 30.3.1939. Describes visit to Maharajah of Tripura.|
|3.73||• 9.4.1939. Arrival of Colonel and Mrs. Barton to replace Colonel Robson.|
|3.74||• 16.4.1939. Mrs. Barton sees ghost of Warren Hastings. Meets members of German Consulate including the Vice-Consul Baron von Richthoven and Consul General, Count and Countess Poldewitz.|
|3.75||• 23.4.1939. Refers to Gandhi interfering in Talcher State.|
|3.76||• 30.4.1939. Refers again to Gandhi re Talcher State and to Miss Agatha Harrison, one of Gandhi’s go-betweens. Settlement accepted. Angered by British Press and The Statesman.|
|3.77||• 4.5.1939. Calcutta.|
|3.78||• 14.5.1939. Shillong.|
|3.79||• 21.5.1939. Shillong. Planning holiday in Kohima.|
|3.80||• 28.5.1939. Shillong.|
|3.81||• 3.6.1939. Shillong.|
|3.82||• 5.6.1939. Kohima. Describes journey. Escorted by a Naga, Nihutuo. Stays with Adams, Assistant Commissioner. Describes visit to Nihutuo’s mother, a prominent personality. Also to Khonoma village. Meets Mr. and Mrs. Supplee, American missionaries. King’s Birthday. Parade by Assam Rifles Battalion.|
|3.83||• 9.6.1939. Descriptive.|
|3.84||• 25.6.1939. Shillong.|
|3.85||• 30.6.1939. Comments briefly on the Prince’s rejection of the Federal Instrument of Accession.|
|3.86||• 8.7.1939. Puri, Orissa. Dreadful journey owing to floods.|
|3.87||• 16.7.1939. Calcutta.|
|3.88||• 20.7.1939. Keonjhargarh. Frictions of a small community. Brief visit to Gangpur State – recent rioting.|
|3.89||• 30.7.1939. Calcutta.|
|3.90||• 6.8.1939. Col. Barton has two interviews with Viceroy in Puri on situation in States. H.A.N.B. talks with Laithwaite. Memorial doorway erected in Cathedral in memory of Major Bazalgette.|
|3.91||• 13.8.1939. H.A.N.B. to be transferred to Indore as Secretary to the Resident for Central India. Gives talk on his experiences in the Political Service to Toc H.|
|3.92||• 19.8.1939. Khairagarh. On tour. Much illness. Floods; threat of trouble in Nandgaon State. Strike of Mill hands.|
|3.93||• 27.8.1939. Calcutta. Comments briefly on Federation.|
|3.94||• 3.9.1939. Excessive work owing to European situation.|
|3.95||• 10.9.1939. Indian Congress meeting to decide their attitude to the war.|
|3.98||• 1.10.1939. Officers on leave recalled – awful voyage, no fans — dress for dinner every night. Says people are resigned to not seeing England again for years.|
|3.99||• 7.10.1939. Darjeeling.|
|3.101||• 22.10.1939. Gangtok, Sikkim. Describes journey and village. Hindu festival of Dassehra.|
|3.102||• 25.10.1939. Rhenok, Sikkim. Trekking, Pakyong and Rhenok. Return journey to Darjeeling.|
|3.103||• 5.11.1939. Calcutta. Mr. Ahmad’s successor as Under Secretary is an orthodox Brahman, Mr. Jha.|
|3.105||• 19.11.1939. Arrival of new Governor of Bengal, Sir John Herbert.|
|3.106||• 26.11.1939. On tour: Bamra. Mr. Griffin, new Political Agent. Deogarh, Pallahara State – comments critically on. Raja. Bonai State – rich iron ore deposits. Arrival of Mr. and Mrs. Jha.|
|3.107||• 1.12.1939. Comments on Mr. Jha.|
|3.108||• 5.12.1939. Jashpurnagar – capital of Gangpur State – Rani as Regent, unique in India; .limestone quarries. Jashpur, Udaipur.|
|3.109||• 11.12.1939. Surguja. Arrangements at Udaipur Guest House inefficient. Uraons dancing display – dine with Maharajah and two sons. Baikunthpur, capital of Korea State – wealthy Raja owing to coal.|
|3.110||• Christmas Eve 1939. Visit of Maharajah of Nepal. Endless social rounds. Visits from two political service men, Captain Mansell from the frontier and Mr. Savidge, Under Secretary in Indian Foreign Office. Nativity play at Oxford Mission.|
|3.111||• 31.12.1939. Calcutta. Viceregal Garden Party. Lunches with Mr. Groth, American Consul, meets missionaries recently returned from Kashgar, and hears harrowing stories of their plight; his friends liquidated. Chinese employees had to remain in Consulate.|
|3.112||• 6.1.1940. Rajnandgaon. Social events in Calcutta for New Year. Tour – Raipur – Personnel in Viceroy’s party. Comments on Raja of Nandgaon State. Prime Minister an Englishman.|
|3.113||• 13.1.1940. Camp Sarangarh. Still on tour – Kawardha — entertained by Raja. Raipur, Sarangarh – palace built on modern lines. (Photo-cutting from The Statesman showing Viceroy at Rajkumar College.)|
|3.114||• 21.1.1940. Calcutta.|
|3.115||• 29.1.1940. Daspalla State.|
|3.116||• 4.2.1940. Calcutta. Previous tour itinerary and events. Sambalpur, Rairakhol, Athmallik, Bandh,. Tikarpura, Daspalla, Narsinghpur – excellent work done for lepers – Nayagarh. Old temple at Kantilo. Cuttack -murderers of Major Bazalgette still awaiting execution.|
|3.117||• 11.2.1940. Continuing personal difficulties. Walter Boulton Cathedral Chaplain.|
|3.118||• 25.2.1940. Antagarh, Bastar State. Appreciative description of the State & people. Kalahandi State visit postponed owing to smallpox. Dancing display by aboriginal tribes, Khonds. To Jagdalpur for official visit. Sports for aboriginal tribes, Murias and Marias, Parjas & Gadbas. Return to Kanker via Antagarh, and Abujhmar hills. Meet the Hill Marias, & see their dancing.|
|3.119||• 29.2.1940. Calcutta. Describes end to the Tour. More dancing at Kanker by Gond women.- Job he hoped for had fallen through.|
|3.120||• 3.3.1940. Job in Bastar State has fallen through. More on personal relationships.|
|3.121||• 10.3.1940. Gives large party.|
|3.122||• 18.3.1940. Alipore. Continues description of Tour. To Puri, stays with Governor Sir John Hubback; to Vizianagraw & to Kalahandi where Kharita ceremony performed, most impressive.|
|3.123||• Part of letter.|
|3.129||• 5.5.1940. (letters during this period all comment on anxiety about the war). Depart for Shillong.|
|3.130||• 12.5.1940. Shillong. Leave seems doubtful.|
|3.133||• 2.6.1940. H.A.N.B. to be relieved by a Captain Cooke.|
|3.134||• 9.6.1940. Leave postponed.|
|3.135||• 16.6.1940. Offered a post under Government of India in Political section of Home Department.|
|3.137||• 30.6.1940. Calcutta.|
|3.138||• 7.7.1940. Major Cooke arrives.|
NEW DELHI AND SIMLA
|3.139||• 14.7.1940. Simla, Hotel Cecil. Town very full.|
|3.140||• 21.7.1940. Mahasu, Wildflower Hall Hotel. Weekend holiday.|
|3.141||• 28.7.1940. Simla, United Service Club. Comment on servant, Napoleon. Talks with Mr. Gerald Simms, an Under Secretary who explains something of the work.|
|3.142||• 4.7.1940. Works in a building called ‘Gorton Castle’. Cannot say much of his work owing to censorship.|
|3.143||• 11.8.1940. Feels hardly affected by the war.|
|3.145||• 25.8.1940. Meets old friends. Feels lucky to be in such a beautiful place.|
|3.146||• 1.9.1940. Netherlands Sunday in India – at the request of Dutch Consul General to pray for Queen Wilhemina and the Dutch people.|
|3.153||• 20.10.1940. York Road, New Delhi. Staying with Major and Mrs. Hancock. He is Department Secretary in Political Department, H.A.N.B. works at Secretariat.|
|3.154||• 27.10.1940. Eastern Group Conference begins.|
|3.156||• 10.11.1940. Good library in Secretariat.|
|3.158||• 1.12.1940. Social.|
|3.159||• 8.12.1940. Social.|
|3.160||• 15.12.1940. Four weeks of sea-mail arrive.|
|3.162||• 29.12.1940. Jaipur State House. Holiday. Descriptive -Maharajah’s stables – 200 horses. Old capital of Amber.|
|3.163||• 5.1.1941. New Delhi.|
|3.164||• 12.1.1941. Two officers from Department killed in air crash. Takes over new section – including the reception and accommodation of evacuees and refugees.|
|3.166||• 26.1.1941. Describes normal day. Census preparations -much bitterness and accusations of corruption between communities. New Commander in Chief of India – Sir Claude Auchinleck arrived.|
|3.169||• 16.2.1941. Move to Simla postponed. 100 officers to stay in Delhi through summer.|
|3.170||• 23.2.1941. Lists choices open to him for leave.|
|3.171||• 2.3.1941. No mail since January from home – cables -Viceroys Annual Garden Party.|
|3.172||• 9.3.1941. Receives cable from home.|
|3.173||• 16.3.1941. Sir Reginald Maxwell’s daughter stays. Sir Claude Auchinleck making a great impression.|
|3.175||• 31.3.1941. Udaipur. Short leave. Stays with Resident, Mr. and Mrs. Todd. Spring Festival Ganguar – descriptive.|
|3.176||• 6.4.1941. New Delhi. Being treated for dysentry at the Willingdon Nursing home.|
|3.179||• 27.4.1941. Simla. Journey by car – 240 miles.|
|3.180||• 4.5.1941. Napoleon – his servant – 6 weeks leave.|
|3.181||• 11.5.1941. Airmail letters to England temporarily stopped — other routes considered.|
|3.182||• 18.5.1941. His immediate superior, Mr. Frampton, in Bombay arranging reception for evacuees from Iraq.|
|3.183||• 25.5.1941. Elected to the Black Hearts – exclusive bachelors society – descriptive.|
|3.184||• 1.6.1941. Napoleon’s leave extended. Now owns radio.|
|3.187||• 22.6.1941. Increase in work.|
|3.188||• 29.6.1941. Refugees to India include Greeks, Yugoslavs, Maltese, Free French, British subjects from all over Middle East.|
|3.189||• 6.7.1941. Political Department want him back in August.|
|3.190||• 13.7.1941. Comments on the attitudes of those who are permanently with the Government Administration. Comments on Sir Claude Auchinleck.|
|3.191||• 20.7.1941. Comments on his future transfer.|
|3.192||• 27.7.1941. No prospect of leave. Blackout in Simla.|
|3.193||• 3.8.1941. Sir Francis Wylie’s appointment as Minister in Kabul a surprise.|
|3.194||• 10.8.1941. Made Additional Department Secretary for a month.|
|3.195||• 17.8.1941. Lord Willingdon’s Memorial Service – personal comments.|
|3.196||• 24.8.1941. Prefers work as Department Secretary to Under Secretary as has more authority.|
|3.197||• 31.8.1941. Black Heart dinner – feels lavishness is out of place in war time.|
|3.198||• 14.9.1941. Illness.|
|3.199||• 21.9.1941. Instructs his Indian relief – Shankar – in his duties.|
|3.200||• 28.9.1941. Still awaiting new posting under the Political Department.|
|3.201||• 5.10.1941. New Delhi. Posted to Meshed, Iran. Describes post, personnel and proposed journey. Very pleased about new job.|
|3.202||• 14.10.1941. The Residency, Quetta, Baluchistan. Staying with Sir Aubrey Metcalfe, Chief Commissioner. Packing up. Taking his servant, Napoleon. Quetta after earth-quake.|
U.P., Kathiawar, Chinese Turkestan. 1934 – 1937.
Letters II.5 – II.196: 4 October 1933 to 4 April 1937:
|2.5||• 4.10.33 Lucknow. Arrives Bombay. Customs, a Revolver Licence. Uncomfortable journey to Lucknow. Receives telegram appointing. him to the Political Department. His servant Napoleon joins him.|
|2.6||• 6.10.1933. Lucknow. New posting is to Rajkot. He plans to leave on 10 October.|
|2.7||• 7.10.1933. Lucknow. Posting deferred. Temporarily employed in Lucknow.|
|2.8||• 8.10.1933. Lucknow. H.A.N.B. to work as Personal Assistant to Monro, the Deputy Commissioner.|
|2.9||• 13.10.1933. Posting to Political now expected at end of November or early in the New Year. Work at Court on bye-law cases, infringement of traffic rules by native carts, adulteration of food etc. — about 150 cases a day.|
|2.10||• 21.10.1933. Lucknow. Rooms in the Club described.|
|2.11||• 28.10.1933. Lucknow. Acting Governor the Nawab of Chattari.|
|2.12||• 5.11.1933. Lucknow. Social comments.|
|2.13||• 12.11.1933. Lucknow. Army Cup week beginning. Comments on Acting Governor, the Nawab of Chattari.|
|2.14||• 19.11.1933. Lucknow. Nothing of interest.|
|2.15||• 26 11.1933. Lucknow. H.A.N.B. to go to his new posting on 1 December, via Delhi for interviews in Political Department.|
|2.16||• 2 12.1933. New Delhi. Interviews with Foreign Secretary and other officials. Leaves for Rajkot, Kathiawar.
• 4.12.1933. Rajkot. Takes over from Major Williams: to work under the Agent-General, Latimer, in four capacities: Under-Secretary, Additional District Magistrate, Officer in charge of the Rajkot Civil Station, Chairman of Water works.
|2.17||• 10.12.1933. Rajkot. Description of bungalow, built 1927. About 20 Europeans living in Rajkot. Much intercourse with the Indian princes and gentry. Number of Europeans employed in the surrounding Native States. Lions surviving in Junagadh State.|
|2.18||• 17.12.1933. Rajkot. Appointed Church Secretary.|
|2.19||• 25.12.1933. Junagadh. Christmas, as guest of Mr. Cadell, acting Prime Minister. Comfortable Guest House. Meets Maharajah of Gondal.|
|2.20||• 30.12.1933. Junagadh. Visit to the port of Veraval. Sonnath temple of Krishna. A lion shoot with cameras, not guns. 1.1.1934. Rajkot. Christmas presents from Indians.|
|2.21||• 7.1.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.22||• 14.1.1934. Rajkot. Note on the varied types of work. Character sketches of other officials and their wives.
• 17.1.1934. The Mohammedan festival of Bakr Id. Napoleon’s present to H.A.N.B.
|2.23||• 21.1.1934. Rajkot society.|
|2.24||• 28.1.1934. Rajkot. The Viceroy’s Bihar Earthquake Relief Fund|
|2.25||• 2.2.1934. Rajkot. Duck-shoot with Maharajah of Dhrangadhra.|
|2.26||• 11.2.1934. Rajkot. Official visit to Nawangar State; Reception at the capital, Jamnagar. Comment on wealth of Native State rulers. Long and detailed description of arrival at Jamnagar and ceremonial reception by Jam Sahib.
• 13.2.1934. Lord Cavan arrives. Entertainment.
|2.27||• 18.2.1934. Rajkot. Entertainments and shoot. Description of the treasures in the Palace.|
|2.28||• 25.2.1934. Rajkot. H.A.N.B. appointed Secretary of the Club.|
|2.29||• 4.3.1934. Rajkot. Rajkot Week. Tennis, prize-giving at the Chief College.|
|2.30||• 11.3.1934. Rajkot. Proposed visit to Bhaunagar State. Investiture held in Residency garden.|
|2.31||• 18.3.1934. Rajkot. Official visit to Bhaunagar State. Foundation-stone laid of new Hospital. Visit to new part being built. Big new College opened for 170 students. State banquet. Note on the Maharajah and his former guardian, Sir Prabhashankar Pattani.|
|2.32||• 24.3.1934. Visit to Junagadh and the sacred hill, Girnar & Jain temples. This not an official trip – sight-seeing.|
|2.33||• 31.3.1934. Rajkot. Visit from the Viceroy expected. Visit with Latimer to Porbandar State. A motor-launch trip on the sea. New palace being built by Maharajah. Wife attended dinner-party.|
|2.34||• 8.4.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.35||• 15.4.1934. Rajkot. Note on censorship of cinema films.|
|2.36||• 22.4.1934. Rajkot. Small-pox vaccination.|
|2.37||• 28.4.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.38||• 6.5.1934. Rajkot. Only eight Europeans left.|
|2.39||• 13.5.1934. Rajkot. Personalities of friends in Rajkot.|
|2.40||• 20.5.1934. Rajkot. Wedding of the Maharajah’s daughter at Dhrangadhra – banquet and pipers; comments on expense.|
|2.41||• 28.5.1934. Mount Abu. Rajputana. Description of Mount Abu. On leave.|
|2.42||• 3.6.1934. Mount Abu. Jain temples at Dilwana. Comments on the White Paper.|
|2.43||• 10.6.1934. Rajkot. The Carnival – gambling at side-shows.|
|2.44||• 17.6.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.45||• 24.6.1934. Rajkot. Seeds for garden sent from England must pass the Customs at Bombay, and again on the Kathiawar boundary.|
|2.46||• 1.7.1934. Rajkot. Comment on Air Mail.|
|2.47||• 8.7.1934. Rajkot. Comment on Cutch State. Cost of uniform which H.A.N.B. must get.|
|2.48||• 15.7.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.49||• 22.7.34 Rajkot. Possibly moving soon.|
|2.50||• 28.7.1934. Rajkot. H.A.N.B. selected as Vice Consul at Kashgar in Chinese Turkestan. To leave about 18 August.|
|2.51||• 29.7.1934. Rajkot. Comment on journey to Kashgar.|
|2.52||• 5.8.1934. Rajkot.|
|2.53||• 12.8.1934. Rajkot. Arrangements for travelling to Kashgar. Fighting in the area. Reports of arrival of Chinese general with troops.|
|2.54||• 20.8.1934. Delhi station, waiting-room. Car sold at Rajkot.|
|2.55||• 24.8.1934. Simla. Studying confidential files on Kashgar.|
|2.56||• 26.8.1934. Srinagar. Travelled via Rawalpindi and Murree, by car up the Jhelum river to Srinagar. Will join the rest of the party and the armed guard at Gilgit.|
|2.57||• 30.8.1934. Srinagar. Buying stores etc. for Kashgar. Journey to start on 31 August: route.|
|2.58||• 1.9.1934. In the Himalayas. Describes beginning of journey, 17 baggage ponies and 3 riding ponies. New cook. 12 miles by road to Tragbal rest house.
• 2.9. 4. Tragbal pass 11,950 ft., to Kungbal rest house.
• 3.9.1934. Gurez rest house. Voting going on for the first assembly ever to be elected in Kashmir.
|2.59||• 5.9.1934. Karin rest house. Too many travellers for the rest-houses on this route.
• 6.9.1934. Kalapani Rest House. Sight of Nanga Parbat, 26,600 ft. Beyond the tree limit.
• 7.9.1934. Rattu Rest House. Two horses lost and found again.
• 8.9.1934. Astor Rest House. Post Office here.
|2.60||• 9.9.1934. Mushkin Rest House. Very bad.
• 10.9.1934. Bunji Inspection House. Notes difference in people.
• 11.9.1934. Pari Rest House. Crosses the Indus River.
• 13.9.1934. Gilgit. Next place for posting letters will be Misgar. Expects to arrive at Kashgar about 12 October.
|2.61||• 15.9.1934. Norval Rest House. The Hunzas and Nagars, independent small principalities, ruled by Mirs.
• 16.9.1934. Chalt Rest House. The track cut from the cliff above the river Hunza.
• 17.9.1934. Minapur Rest House. Valley widens, more cultivation. Views of Mount Rakaposhi, 25,600 ft., crops and flowers. Meets Capt. Burge, whom he is succeeding at Kashgar.
• 18.9.1934. Baltit. Capt. Burge’s accounts of Kashgar and personalities there.
|2.62||• 19.9.1934. Baltit. The capital of Hunza. Ghazan Khan, son and heir of the Mir of Hunza, very charming. Many Hunzas fair and blue-eyed. Col. Lorimer is staying for a year to try to compile a grammar of the language. Mir’s band, dancing girls, boys dressed as girls.
• 20.9.1934. Baltit. Polo of a special type. An interesting archaeological find. Fort – wooden structure to withstand earthquakes.
• 21.9.1934. Gulait, the Mir’s house. Bad track.
|2.63||• 22.9.1934. Passu Rest House. Passu and Batura Glaciers.
• 23.9.1934. Khaibar Rest House.
• 24.9.1934. Gircha Rest House.
• 25.9.1934. Misgar Rest House. Precipitous paths, guides, roadmending.
• 26.9.1934. A day’s wait for ponies. The Kilik and Mintaka passes, the former to be taken.
|2.64||• 27.9.34 Murkushi Rest House. The last place in British territory.
• 28.9.1934. On the Kilik pass, over 14,000 ft.
• 29.9.1934. Kilik (Turki). In China: severe cold; possibility of raids by Andijanis from the neighbouring Russian territory. Russian attitude to Consulate wireless. Tajiks have fled area owing to the danger of Andijani raids.
• 30.9.1934. Warned by Chinese officer of possible trouble at Tashkurgan. Kirghiz people hospitable.
• 1.10.1934. Paik. Chinese and Sangoli escort from Paik. Order of march of the caravan. Faith of the people in the Union Jack.
• 2.10.1934. Dafdar. The Chinese lieutenant.
|2.65||• 3.10.1934. Yiughul. Chinese and Indian currency exchange rates.
• 4.10.1934.Tashkurghan. Meeting with the Chinese Captain and the Tajik leader, Sharif Beg. Bolshevik influence. Religion of Hunzas.
• 6.10.1934. Darshat. Kirghiz people.
• 7.10.1934. Tarboshi.
• 8.10.1934. Toilebulung.
• 9.10.1934. Chihil Gumbaz.
|2.66||• 10.10.1934. Yalpak Tash. The last pass, 12,000 ft., before Kashgar.
• 11.10.1934. Tukarboshi.
• 12.10.1934. Kichik Qaraul, a big house, burnt in the revolution.
• 13.10.1934. Ighiz Yar. Edge of the great Central Asian plain. Escort of six men sent by the Muhammadan commander in Yangi Hissar.
• 14.10.1934.Yangi Hissar. Swedish Mission House. Missionaries fled to Kashgar at revolution. Bazaar completely looted. Merchants just returning.
• 15.10.1934. Swedish missionaries now on their way back to the Mission.
• 16.10.1934. Vapchan.
• 18.10.1934.Kashgar. Arrival on 17.10.1934.
|2.67||• 20.10.1934. Kashgar. No Customs duty on parcels addressed to the Consulate. Respect for British Government and the Union Jack.|
|2.68||• 21.10.1934. Kashgar. Description of British Consulate house and personalities: (draws plan) Swedes of the Mission; Russian Consulate not friendly, very suspicious; Chinese authority; General Liu; Gereral Mahmud; Ma do Tai: Chinese Mohammedan or Tungan, represents the pro British element.|
|2.69||• 27.10.1934. Kashgar. Attempted assassination of Ma do Tai – not expected to recover. Mixture of modernity and medaevalism. Local clothing. Describes rooms. Games, The wireless begins to work.
• 31.10.1934. Ma do Tai, may recover.
• 1.11.1934. The Bolsheviks are angry that the wireless got through. Muhammed Sharif Beg, reprimanded.
|2.70||• 3.11.1934. Kashgar. Bazaar good, all Russian, no Indian, few Chinese. Workmen in the British Consulate arrested without reason by the Kashgar authorities. Other examples of arrest. Swedish mission personalities.|
|2.71||• 10.11.1934. Kashgar. Party at the Russian Consulate, celebrating Russian Revolution, described at length.
• 11.11.1934. Armistice Day. Calls to se Ma do Tai. General Liu there.
|2.72||• 17.11.1934. Kashgar. Stores for Consulate held up by Tungans on the road from India via Leh.|
|2.73||• 24.11.1934. Kashgar. Long delayed post from Urumchi, evidence of disturbed state of province last year The Consulate wireless set now fully working. Possibility of Chinese spying on Consulate.|
|2.74||• 1.12.1934. Kashgar. Comments on power of General Liu. Arrest by General Mahmud of a former leader.|
|2.75||• 8.12.1934. Kashgar. Ramazan begins. ado Tai still very ill, to be moved to the Russian Consulate. Frequent changes in exchange rate. Cost of living very low. More suspicion of the contacts of the Chinese interpreter, Wang, with General Liu.|
|2.76||• 16.12.1934. Kashgar. Stores from England arrive. The hostile army which was holding them up said to be ready at any moment to advance on Kashgar. Comment on Consul, Col. Thomson-Glover. Ma do Tai reported much better.|
|2.77||• 23.12.1934. Kashgar. Fluidity of marriage relations in Kashgar.
• 25.12.1934. Christmas presents, and dinner-party.
|2.78||• 30.12 34. General. Liu ardently Christian at Christmas.
• 3.1.1935. Elaborate and lengthy party at the Yamen. Ceremony of bowing before the portrait of Sun Yat Sen.
|2.79||• 6.1.1935. Kashgar. Wang, the interpreter, under suspicion. Festival of Id. Calls on local traders.|
|2.80||• 13.1.1935. Lunch party given to the Chinese. Comments on Indian servants’ attitude to Chinese.|
|2.81||• 20.1.1935. Ma do Tai transferred to provincial capital. Russian attempts to get hold of the mail-bag|
|2.82||• 27.1.1935. Kashgar. New Secretary and Consul-General at Russian Consulate. 3 imported cars only in city.|
|2.83||• 3.2.1935. Mr. Kung replaces Ma do Tai as chief civil officer. Shrewdness of General Liu.|
|2.85||• 17.2.1935. Comment on members of the Consulate staff. Russian farewell dinner-party to the retiring Consul General.|
|2.86||• 24.2.1935. H.A.N.B. learning Russian. Former Chinese wireless station destroyed by two year old rebellion.
• 29.2.1935. Russian lessons cancelled. Unpleasant attitude politically to British and Swedes.
|2.87||• 3.3.1935. The wireless set may now be used for private, emergency, messages. Major Campbell the secretary to the Agent-General in Rajkot, appointed Prime Minister of Alwar State.|
|2.88||• 10.3.1935. Russian lessons start again. General Liu to hand over civil work to Mr. Kung, on orders from the provincial government.|
|2.89||• 17.3.1935. Increased number of staff at the Russian Consulate – now believed to be 45 strong.|
|2.90||• 24.3.1935. Local politics involving leading Tungan rebel figure Ma Chung Ying and Russian tactics.|
|2.91||• 31.3.1935. Troublesome behaviour of Chinese interpreter Wang’s wife.|
|2.92||• 7.4.1935. Ma do Tai recovering.|
|2.93||• 14.4.1935. Improved Russian attitude owing to Eden’s Moscow visit. Attends Chinese Independence Day celebrations. Abortive dinner; party. News of Best killed on NWFP.|
|2.94||• 21.4.1935. The only hospital in Kashgar run by the Swedes.|
|2.95||• 28.4.1935. Incidents illustrative of corrupt government. Currency only paper.|
|2.96||• 5.5.1935. Sports for Consulate staff. Chinese reception and dramatic performances.
• 7.5.1935. Consulate garden party (Jubilee Day). General Mahmud’s bodyguard.
|2.97||• 12.5.1935. Jubilee celebrations at Consulate. Rumours of possible hostilities.|
|2.98||• 19.5.1935. Two more sudden arrests.|
|2.99||• 26.5.1935. H.A.N.B.’s proposed visit to Yarkand where there are over 300 British subjects.|
|2.100||• 29.5.1935. Yangi Hissar Police search baggage at the first stage to Yarkand. Strong protest made by the British Consul.|
|2.101||• 30.5.1935. Kok Robat. Via Yangi Hissar, & Qizil. Expects to reach Yarkand next day.
• 2.6.1935. Yarkand. Hospitable reception by British subjects, including the British leading merchant. Visit to the Swedish Mission. Russian reaction
|2.102||• 6.6.1935. Yarkand. Meets 140 British subjects on the King’s birthday. Announces decoration awarded to the leading merchant for good work during the revolution. Entertained by Civil authorities of Old and New City. Visits Swedish boys’ orphanage. Experiences of Swedes during revolution. Later. Qizil. Dust-storm.Qizil.
• 13.6.1935. Kashgar. Uneventful journey home.
|2.103||• 20.6.1935. Mr. Wang, proved to be spying.|
|2.104||• 23.6.1935. Kashgar. Comment on events in Yarkand during the revolution. The present garrison’s terrified apprehension.
• 26.6.1935. Rumours of unrest.
|2.105||• 30.6.1935. Rumours as to why Russian doctor called away suddenly.|
|2.106||• 7.7.1935. Firing in the New City. Many desertions.|
|2.107||• 14.7.1935. Political upheaval expected. Soldiers deserting due to arrears in pay.|
|2.108||• 21.7.1935. Kashgar. Plans for Consul, Col. Thomson-Glover, to visit Urumchi, to meet Sir Eric Teichman, Counsellor of the British Embassy at Peking; to begin negotiations with Provincial Government.
• 22.7.1935. Peter Fleming arriving.
• 24.7.1935. Peter Fleming arrived with Mlle Maillart.
|2.109||• 28.7.1935. Kashgar. Keen Russian interest in Peter Fleming and Mlle Maillart.|
|2.110||• 4.8.1935. Kashgar. Pneumonic plague in nearby village. No vaccine available at first – now arrived. Russian doctor in charge; 3 other doctors sent from Moscow. Mr. Kung, Russian Consul, turned out, succeeded by a Mr. Hsin.
• 8.8.1935. Peter Fleming and Mlle Maillart leave. Russian transit visa for Swedes.
|2.111||• 11.8.1935. Bostan Terek. On leave in the hills.|
|2.112||• 14.8.1935. Bostan Terek. Describes Kirghiz game on horseback of Kid. Attends Kirghiz wedding.|
|2.113||• 25.8.1935. Kashgar. Ma do Tai, has been taken to Russia. General Liu’s position unstable.|
|2.114||• 1.9.1935. Kashgar. Proposed visit to Tashkurghan; where trade held up. Kashgar falling into Communist hands.|
|2.115||• 8.9.1935. Journey to Tashkurghan via Aktalla, Toilebulung, Darshat.
• 14.9.1935. Tashkurghan. 118 Indian merchants held up there.
• 17.9.1935. Diplomatic expostulation obtains traders` freedom to travel. Leading land-owners & others entertained in spite of Russian intimidation.
|2.116||• 20.9.1935. Bulungkul. Journey past Lake Karakul and Muz-Tagh Ata.
• 22.9.1935. Tukoi. The Gez defile; difficult river crossings.
• 23.9.1935. Tashmelik. A dangerous footpath.
• 24.9.1935. Tokkuzak.
• 25.9.1935. Kashgar.
|2.117||• 29.9.1935. Kashgar. Intrigue & rumours over changes in Consulate staff.|
|2.118||• 6.10.1935. Mr. Hunter, a missionary from Urumchi reports difficult conditions there – all letters opened. New Consulate staff also hindered.|
|2.119||• 13.10.1935. Kashgar. Telegram not received.|
|2.120||• 20.10.1935. The Consul has arrived at Urumchi. Sir Eric Teichman not yet arrived there from Peking.
• 22.10.1935. New interpreter Mr. Chen expected. New Russian Consul, Mr. Hsu.
|2.121||• 31.10.1935. Mr. Chen arrived.|
|2.122||• 3.11.1935. Sir Eric Teichman reached Urumchi.
• 6.11.1935. Arrival of Jacobs and Johnson the two new clerks. Difficulties at frontier and at Tashkurghan overcome.
|2.123||• 10.11.1935. Russian celebration 18th Anniversary of the Revolution.|
|2.125||• 24.11.1935. Incorrect reports in the Morning Post about a new Soviet Republic in Chinese Turkestan.|
|2.126||• 1.12.1935. Sir Eric Teichman &Thomson-Glovers arrive. Result of discussions with Chinese at Urumchi.|
|2.127||• 8.12.1935. Sir Eric leaves for India. Snow.|
|2.128||• 15.12.1935. Cold.|
|2.129||• 22.12.1935. 26.12.35: Christmas festivities.|
|2.131||• 5.1.1936. Kashgar. Wages of Turki servants increased by 50%.|
|2.132||• 12.1.1936. Letters stolen from a Consulate messenger.|
|2.133||• 19.1.1936. Death of Williamson at Lhasa, Tibet, a former Consul General of Kashgar. New interpreter, Mr. Chen, resigned.|
|2.134||• 26.1.1936. Consulate closed on the day of King George’s funeral.|
|2.135||• 2.2.1936. 6.2.1936. Long telegrams received with disturbing political news.|
|2.136||• 9.2.1936. Comments on Peter Fleming’s articles in The Times on the political situation in Turkestan. Police intimidation over polo-ground.|
|2.138||• 24.2.1936. Because of police threat lease of polo ground again refused.|
|2.139||• 1.3.1936. Applies for transfer back to India at the end of the year.|
|2.140||• 8.3.1936. Measures over polo ground.|
|2.141||• 15.3.1936. Recommendations by Sir Eric Teichman on staffing Kashgar Consulate.|
|2.142||• 22.3.36 26.3.1936. The film Quiet flows the Don shown at Russian Consulate.|
|2.143||• 29.3.1936. Comment on Chinese celebration day 12 April.|
|2.144||• 5.4.1936. The new polo ground in use. ‘Flu epidemic.
• 8.4.1936. 10 hours rain, the first this year. Houses collapse.
|2.145||• 12.4.1936. Chinese Celebration day, commemorating the establishment of the present government.
• 15.4.1936. Mounted sports.
|2.147||• 26.4.1936. The Consulate garden very promising, 7 gardeners.
• 29.4.1936. Prestige of numbers of employees.
|2.149||• 10.5.1936. 13.5.1936. Assassinations.|
|2.150||• 17.5.1936. American adventurer, Hathaway, arrives, in disguise, without permit from Srinagar.|
|2.151||• 24.5.1936. H.A.N.B. exchanges Russian and English lessons with the Russian Consul-General. Efforts of the Police to plant spies in Consulate.|
|2.152||• 31.5.1936. Thomson-Glovers visit Yarkand. Precautions against burglary at the Consulate. Plans for a dancing display by the Hunzas of the guard. Started to learn Hunza language.
• 4.6.1936. Telegram from India – Col. Thomson-Glover probably to be replaced, H.A.N.B. to stay on for another year.
|2.153||• 7.6.1936. Description of the Hunza Dance. Dog Kim unwell. Thomson-Glover’s return from Yarkand.|
|2.154||• 14.6.1936. Possibility of H.A.N.B.’s replacement later this year.|
|2.155||• 20.6.1936. Death of the dog Kim. Irregular bus service started between Kashgar and Yarkand.
• 24.6.1936. The King’s birthday – Garden Party and Sports at the Consulate.
|2.156||• 28.6.1936. Plans for leave at Boston Terek.|
|2.157||• 5.7.1936. Boston Terek. On leave.|
|2.158||• 10.7.1936. News of transfer of H.A.N.B. from Kashgar. Successor Gillett, from Chinese Consular service. Packman to succeed Thomson-Glover as Consul.|
|2.159||• 19.7.1936. Kashgar. H.A.N.B. to be posted to N.W. Frontier Province.|
|2.160||• 27.7.1936. Bad bus drive to Yarkand and back. Police interference.|
|2.161||• 2.8.1936. Polo tournament proposed. Describes Consulate garden.|
|2.162||• 9.8.1936. Leaving Kashgar 1 November.|
|2.164||• 23.8.1936. Chinese Consul, Mr. Hsu, moved to Urumchi. Swedish Mission suffering from the hostilities of the Chinese authorities. Chinese subjects forbidden to attend the Swedish Schools.|
• 2.9.1936. Thomson-Glovers leave for India. H.A.N.B. now acting as Consul.
|2.166||• 6.9.1936. Arrival of new Chinese Secretary. H.A.N.B. advises British subjects to send their children to the Swedish Mission Schools, to make up for their loss of Chinese subjects.|
|2.167||• 13.9.1936. Further attack on the Swedish Mission by the Chinese authorities. Difficulty of securing luggage from illegal examination by the Chinese Customs.|
|2.168||• 20.9.1936. Preparation for H.A.N.B.’s journey. Arrival for a visit of the Urumchi Russian Consul-General and three Chinamen. Exchange of dinner-parties. The Consulate Wireless has broken down, no telegrams can be sent.|
|2.169||• 27.9.1936. H.A.N.B.’s successor expected about 25 October. The Chinese remove children and teachers from the Swedish Mission at Yarkand.|
|2.170||• 4.10.1936. Serious accident to H.A.N.B.’s servant “Napoleon”; Police arrest White Russian, Mr. Vorotnikoff, from the Swedish Mission.|
|2.171||• 11.10.36 Napoleon’s progress very slow. Letter from Ella Maillart, Peter Fleming’s travelling companion. Comment on Chinese authorities.|
|2.172||• 18.10.1936. H.A.N.B. unwell. Napoleon still ill. Packman expected. Farewell party.
|2.173||• 25.10.1936. H.A.N.B.’s illness has left him very weak. Packman takes over.
• 29.10.1936. H.A.N.B. better except for a very painful left leg.
|2.174||• 31.10.1936. H.A.N.B.’s journey starting next day.|
|2.175||• 2.11.1936. Tashmalik. All the British subjects and the Swedes turned out to escort the start of H.A.N.B.’s journey. Napoleon well again. The new Vice-Consul, Gillett, is at Tachmalik on his way to Kashgar.
• 3.11.1936. Tugoi. Much rain and river crossings on the way.
• 4.11.1936. Gez. A bridge reported down, ahead. Eight men of the Hunza guard sent on to repair it.
• 5.11.1936. Bulungkol. A vile road and bitterly cold.
• 6.11.1936. Subashi.
• 7.11.1936. Kokyar. 22° of frost in night, inside the tent.
• 8.11.1936. Tashkurghan. Very comfortable, a day’s rest ahead.
• 9.11.1936. Tashkurghan Napoleon well.
|2.176||• 10.11.1936. Sara Jilgha. Attitude of officials at Tashkurghan. The party now increased to 30.
• 11.11.1936. Dafdar. Consequence of fear of Communists on people in the area. Going by Mintaka Pass.
• 12.11.1936. Paik. H.A.N.B. unwell.
• 13.11.1936. Mintaka Karail.
• 14.11.1936. Lup Gaz. A lovely spot. Marching in snow. Mintaka Pass ? eight yaks needed to help party.
• 15.11.1936. Gulkhojadawan. Steep descent from the pass. Men from Misgar came to help with the baggage. British territory again.
• 16.11.1936. Murkushi. Sleep in bungalow.
• 17.11.1936. Misgar. In Hunza again.
|2.177||• 18.11.36 Misgar.
• 19.11.1936. Gircha.
• 20.11.1936. Khaibar.
• 21.11.1936. Passu.
• 22.11.1936. Gulait. The Mir of Hunza is staying here. A very friendly reception accorded to H.A.N.B. by the Mir and his family.
• 22.11.1936. Gulait. A dancing display arranged for H.A.N.B.’s entertainment.
• 23.11.1936. Gulait. A strenuous 1? hours polo match against the Mir’s team. Exchange of gifts with the Mir.
|2.178||• 24.11.1936. Baltit. Mir refuses to allow Ayub to leave Gulait with H.A.N.B.
• 25.11.1936. Minapur. Mir releases Ayub after telephone conversation.
• 26.11.1936. Chalt. H.A.N.B. writes diplomatic soothing letter to the Mir.
• 27.11.1936. Norval.
• 28.11.1936. Arrives at Gilgit.
|2.179||• 1.12.1936. Gilgit. The Burzil pass impossible. The route will be via Chitral.|
|2.180||• 2.12.1936. Gulapur.
• 3.12.1936. Gakuch.
• 4.12.1936. Gupis.
• 5.12.1936. Pingal.
• 7.12.1936. Laspur. The Shandaur Pass.
• 8.12.1936. Mastuj. Very bad road. Very few travellers.
• 9.12.1936. Buni. His Highness the ruler of Chital sends escort for H.A.N.B.
• 10.12.1936. Respin. Lunch with Capt. Franklin Evans, the Civil Surgeon.
• 11.12.1936. Koghazi. His Highness’ brother Khushwagt-al-Mulk, meets the party and H.A.N.B. dines with him, as the guest of His Highness.
• 12.12.1936. Chitral. His Highness meets H.A.N.B. with numbers of brothers in three cars. Sikh Company under Major Henson. Telegram notifying appointment to Kohat instead of Peshawar.
• 13.12.1936. Chitral. Delayed by heavy rain. Favourable accounts of Kohat.
• 14.12.1936. Ziarat. Below the Lowarai Pass. 30 miles by lorry and 15 miles on horseback.
• 15.12.1936. Ziarat. Attempt to climb the Pass from 8 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. Had to turn back to Ziarat because of snow.
• 16.12.1936. Ziarat. Snow.
• 17.12.1936. Dir. A fine day, the Pass safely crossed.
• 18.12.1936. Peshawar. By ‘bus from Dir to Peshawar. Lunch at Chakdura with the Political Agent of Dir and Malakand. At Peshawar stays with Chief Secretary of the N.W. Frontier Province, Mr. Hopkinson.
|2.181||• 25.12.1936. Peshawar. A doctor’s examination confirms that he has had Poliomyelitis. But he is well again and the leg getting better. Receiving electrical treatment. Posting to Kohat cancelled, remaining in Peshawar.|
|2.182||• 27.12.1936. Learning Pushtu. Appointed City Magistrate. No Christmas leave possible. Has his own bungalow. Buys a car.|
|2.183||• 3.1.1937. Describes day’s work.|
|2.184||• Undated. Enters his name for the Preliminary Examination in Russian.|
|2.186||• 24.1.1937. Leg considerably better. Hopes for leave. But pending elections may prevent leave.|
|2.187||• 31.1.1937. Prospect of leave to England. Elections begin. Concerned with 5 constituencies, as Counting, Inspecting or Returning Officer.|
|2.188||• 7.2.1937. The elections peaceful. Comment on electorate.|
|2.189||• 14.2.1937. Leave to Delhi confirmed. Elections quiet. Congress party results.|
|2.190||• 18.2.37 New Delhi. Staying with the Burkes. The Viceregal Ball, 2000 guests. Meeting old friends.|
|2.191||• 28.2.1937. Peshawar.|
|2.192||• 7.3.1937. English leave arranged. The new Governor, Sir George Cunningham arrives. Obtains piano.|
|2.194||• 21.3.1937. Bad news from Waziristan.|
|2.195||• 28.3.1937. Plans for leave activities, arriving May.|
|2.196||• 4.4.1937. Pushtu examination. Ayub, the orderly, left for his home in Hunza on 31.3.1937. Request by Mir of Hunza for a sable coat from Peshawar.
• 7.4.1937.The Pushtu exam over.
I.9 to I.164: 17 November 1929 – 6, November,1932:
Tour I. Letters I.9 to I.16
|1.9||• 17.11.1929. Agra. Arrival in India; disembarkation at Bombay. Posted to Agra U.P. as an Assistant Commissioner. Deputy Commissioner, Capt. Johnston, Commissioner Mr. Grant. Governor, Sir Malcolm Hailey. Visits Taj Mahal.|
|1.10||• 24.11.1929. Governor’s visit to Agra on 23 November, 1929. Notes on personalities met, including staff of St. John’s College.|
|1.11||• 1.12.1929. Note on the Club library.
• 5.12.1929. Note on surface mail via Marseilles.
|1.12||• 8.12.1929. New Collector: Mr. Williamson.
• 10.12.1929. On tour Kivaoli.
|1.13||• 15.12.1929. Note on work while at Kivaoli – meets Town Council to discuss water-rate, land-owners re famine relief measures, inspects irrigation, hears petitions from villagers re rents or taxes. Visits Fatehpur Sikri.|
|1.14||• 22.12.1929. Inspection of cotton factories at Firozabad, and glass factory. First Court cases.|
|1.15||• 28.12.1929. New Delhi. Attempt to bomb the Viceroy’s train. Christmas with the Dunnetts at Delhi. Sight-seeing, Qutab Minaret Taghlakabad. New Delhi described.
• 31.12.29. Agra.
• 9.1.1930. Air mail (from England)
|1.16||• 4.1.1930. Lucknow, Government House. Sir Malcolm & Lady Hailey described. Opinion of purdah parties.|
|1.17||• 12.1.1930. Agra, description of shops.|
|1.18||• 19.1.1930. Amateur Dramatic Society.
• 22.1.1930. Inspections described in detail.
|1.19||• 26.1.1930. In camp. Inspects records of village council. Description of land records test.
• 28.1.1930. Bickpuri village. Inspects Village Co-operative Society. Independence Day procession, Agra.
|1.20||• 2.2.1930. Danger of famine. H.A.N.B. to inspect.|
|1.21||• 7.2.1930. Lucknow, on leave. Civil Service Week. Viceroy (Lord Irwin) present.
• 8.2.3190. Civil Service Dinner: Viceroy’s speech.
|1.22||• 16.2.1930. Agra. Going to Kivaoli; for famine relief test works. Locusts from Persia, Mesopotamia and Palestine. Description of organization & personnel of Civil Service in India.|
|1.23||• 23.2.1930. Land records, rent cases, famine test-works. Agra Week starts. Polo, tennis, fancy dress dance etc.|
|1.24||• 2.3.1930. 4.3.1930. Dust-storm.|
|1.25||• 9.3.1930. Locusts in the district. Special Locust officer arriving.|
|1.26||• 15.3.1930. Moves into quarters.|
|1.27||• 23.3.1930. Description of Native Fair.|
|1.28||• 30.3.1930. Case-work.|
|1.29||• 6.4.1930. Air-mail now takes one week, London to Delhi. Temple dispute. Inspection of gaol. The problem of Gandhi.|
|1.30||• 13.4.1930. Gandhi and Salt Laws.|
|1.31||• 19.4.1930. Police Inspector goes mad. Riots in Calcutta.|
|1.32||• 27.4.1930. Riots at Calcutta, Karachi and Peshawar. In Agra the Independence Party organises a demonstration. Attempt to make Salt in Collector’s and Commissioner’s garden.|
|1.33||• 4.5.1930. Shade temperature 112°. Intention to arrest Gandhi. Censoring telegrams at Agra. Salt-making tricks.|
|1.34||• 11.5.1930. Riot at Sholapur near Bombay on 10.5.1930. Loyalty of the Indian constables. Treasury training.|
|1.35||• 18.5.1930. Loyalist meeting at the house of a big land-owner.|
|1.36||• 25.5.1930. Mr. Dunnett appointed Reforms Commissioner. Extremists losing ground. Picketing foreign cloth and liquor shops.|
|1.37||• 3.6.1930. Ceremonial Parade for King’s Birthday.
• 4.6.30. Large loyalist demonstration. Attacked Gandhi supporter rescued by English Police.
|1.38||• 3.6.1930. Muhammedan Festival. Agra quiet. Unrest on N.W. Frontier.|
|1.40||• 23.6.1930. Simla. Reception given by Sir Fazli Hussain, a member of the Governor-General’s Executive Council. Mentions Simon Report|
|1.41||• 30.6.1930. Simla. Comment on Simon Report.|
|1.42||• 7.7.1930. Agra.|
|1.43||• 13.7.1930. Agra. Measures against locust breeding ground.|
|1.44||• 20.7.1930. Colleges have reassembled. Picketing of Colleges & liquor shops by women. Independence Flag hoisted on St. John’s College, & taken down. Asia College boycott of classes.
• 22.7.1930. Anti-locust work.
|1.45||• 28.7.1930. Anti-locust work. Compromise between Colleges in Agra and the picketeers. Attitudes of missionaries and teachers vis-a-vis government officials. H.A.N.B. 2nd Class Magistrate.
• 29.7.1930. More anti-locust work. Inspects School, cattle pound for stray cattle, and dispensary for medicine for peasants.
|1.46||• 4.8.1930. Much anti-locust work. Five out o£ seven sub-divisions affected.|
|1.47||• 12.8.1930. Malaria among troops.|
|1.48||• 17.8.1930. NWFP troubles.|
|1.50||• 31.8.1930. Revival of picketing, especially on St. John’s College. Attitude of College staff. Two English police officers shot in Bengal.
• 3.9.1930. More trouble with students at St. John’s and Agra Colleges.
|1.51||• 7.9.1930. Buys pony, £45. Student trouble at St. John’s.|
|1.52||• 14.9.1930. Suspected amateur bomb-factory. Explosion kills a revolutionary.|
|1.53||• 22.9.1930. Naini Tal. On leave.|
|1.54||• 29.9.1930. Agra. Entertainments at Naini Tal. (Civil Service Week).|
|1.55||• 5.10.1930. Farewell Dinner to Williamson, the Collector; also Indian land-owners’ farewell garden-party; well attended, no trouble from Congress Party members.|
|1.56||• 12.10.1930. Indian Dramatic Society performance. Political situation fairly quiet, frequent arrests for seditious speeches. Congress policy to encourage peasants not to pay their rents.|
|1.58||• 26.10.1930. Going with Collector, Darwin, to fair at Bateshar.|
|1.59||• 2.11.1930. Darwin, ill. Notes on a Collector’s job. Attends a hanging at the gaol.
• 4.11.1930. In camp at Firozabad. Work on Census of population.
|1.60||• 8.11.1930. Bateshar, in camp. Cattle, horse and camel Fair. Attendance estimated at 150,000. Hindu Religious ceremony. Crocodile-hunting on an elephant.|
• 26.11.1930. Arrives in Moradabad.
|1.63||• 30.11.1930. Moradabad. Describes I.C.S. Training School and personalities connected with it.
• 2.12.1930. Police Week festivities.
|1.64||• 7.12.1930. Comment on the Commissioner and Moradabad officials. Police Week festivities, sports, dances.|
|1.65||• 14.12.1930. Description of quarters – Polo, tennis, hockey.|
|1.66||• 21.12.1930. A day’s programme at the Training School.
• 24.12.1930. Arrives Delhi, for holiday.
|1.67||• 29.12.1930. New Delhi. Guest of the Dunnetts. Christmas Day activities. A jumping well in a shrine. Bomb explosions in Delhi. Description of the Viceroy’s House and gardens.|
|1.68||• 3.1.1931. New Year’s Ball.
• 5.1.1931. Moradabad. Epidemic of horse ‘flu throughout India. Instruction in surveying and practice in reading Devanagri script.
|1.69||• 12.1.1931. Possibility of course of Settlement training. Gurkha Regiment arrives.
• 13.1.1931. Settlement training cancelled.
• 14.1.1931. Receives first air mail letter.
|1.70||• (Retained by donor.)|
|1.71||• 24.1.1931. Muddled preparations for going into camp.|
|1.72||• 31.1.1931. In camp. Thefts and badly timed efforts to trace the culprit.
• 3.2.1931. Moradabad.
|1.73||• 6.2.1931. Lucknow. Posted to Lucknow.
• 9.2.1931. Back in Moradabad. Plans to buy a car – a necessity in Lucknow.
|1.74||• 14.2.1931. Moradabad.|
|1.75||• 22.2.1931. Comment on Mr. Monro who will be H.A.N.B.’s Deputy Commissioner in Lucknow, and on his wife. Gandhi’s release. Mohammedan festival of Id. Gurkha football match|
|1.76||• 1.3.1931. Examination results, Revenue & Language.
• 3.3.1931. Lucknow. Two or three days holiday before starting new post. Paid 26 calls, on a bicycle. Comments on cinema. Macadam roads, good shops & a good library at the Club.
|1.77||• 8.3.1931. Quarters in the United Services Club. H.A.N.B. has now paid 64 calls i.e. dropped cards. Polo in the police lines; players included Indian police troopers. Settlement between Gandhi and the Viceroy. Begins work as Sub-Divisional Officer, Sub-Division of Malihadab, about 17 miles from Lucknow. Not as yet given full powers. Snipe-shooting.|
|1.78||• 15.3.1931. Complicated Court cases, inheritances, mortgages, mutations, partitions, profits etc.|
|1.79||• 22.3.1931. News of more riots in the newspapers.|
|1.80||• 29.3.1931. H.A.N.B. now Assistant Commissioner. Serious communal riots in Cawnpore. Congress dislikes communal trouble.|
|1.81||• 5.4.1931. Moves into a bungalow, shared with two other Englishmen. Description of bungalow.|
|1.82||• 12.4.1931. Organises meeting of the biggest land-owners in the sub-division, to encourage unofficial counter-propaganda against agitators of the Congress Party.|
|1.83||• 19.4.1931. Irwins leave India. Comment on Indian politicians’ attitude to British officials.|
|1.84||• 26.4.1931. Inspection of area of crop failure, to recommend possible exemptions from revenue collections.
• 28.4.1931. Fears of riots after Festival.
|1.86||• 10.5.1931. Police raid, accompanied by H.A.N.B., in search of cocaine.|
|1.87||• 17.5.1931. Preparations against possible trouble in two weeks time in the Mohammedan Festival of Muharram.|
|1.88||• 24.5.1931. More comment on preparations for Muharram. Patrolling in motor-car with armed police.|
|1.89||• 31.5.1931. Description of Muharram proceedings, processions etc. All went off quietly.|
|1.90||• 7.6.1931. Talk to a meeting of peasants, about 300 men, to explain that rents must now be paid – the government can no longer allow remission of revenue payments by landlords.
• 10.6.1931. Attends an execution.
|1.91||• 14.6.1931. Two more peasant meetings.|
|1.93||• 28.6.1931. Government economies. Travel allowance reduced, drop in pay expected. Training School at Moradabad may be abolished. Five Congress leaders arrested for provoking a breach of the peace.|
|1.94||• 8.7.1931. A one-day Mohammedan festival – no troubles.|
|1.95||• 12.7.1931. Court case – Congress Party leaders accused of inciting tenants not to pay rent to landlords. Reduction in I.C.S. salaries appears to be imminent.|
|1.96||• 19.7.1931. Government’s economy proposals to be published at the Legislative council.|
|1.97||• 26.7.1931. H.A.N.B. may decide to apply for the Political branch of the I.C.S. – work on the frontier and in the native States.|
|1.98||• 2.8.1931. To camp at Malihadab, H.Q. of the sub-division.|
|1.100||• 16.8.1931. Gandhi not going to London. Comment on his latest demands.|
|1.101||• 23.8.1931. Hunting. Mr. Gandhi going to London.|
|1.102||• 30.8.1931. Is asked to write General Administration Report for his area. Gandhi leaves for England.|
|1.103||• 5.9.1931. Lucknow. Leaving for Simla, holiday. Travelling with Mrs. Munro.
• 7.9.1931. Simla
|1.104||• 11.9.1931. Advised by Sir Charles Watson, Foreign Secretary to the Government of India, that no new appointments to the Political branch of the I.C.S. are being made this year. Will however apply, with a view to the following year.
• 14.9.41. A weekend walking tour in the hills.
|1.105||• 20.9.1931. Simla. Comment on financial crisis in England.|
|1.106||• 27.9.1931. Lucknow. Comment on danger to presiding judge, Leslie White on conspiracy cases in Delhi. Cut in I.C.S. pay and increase in income tax announced. An Indian Bank has gone bankrupt, others are expected to do the same.|
|1.107||• 4.10.1931. Increases in prices in India e.g. whiskey and car batteries.|
|1.108||• 11.10.1931. Comments on Gandhi. Lengthy description of a party given in the garden of his house by his servants to their friends.|
|1.109||• 18.10.1931. Threat of anti-government Congress Party campaign in the province. Floods in the area, crops ruined.|
|1.110||• 25.10.1931. Begins work on the General Administration Report.|
|1.111||• 1.11.1931. Gives up his work on his sub-division, in order to write the Gen. Admin. Report.|
|1.113||• 15.11.1931. Army Cup week – races, point-to-point, dances etc. etc.|
|1.114||• 22.11.1931. Unveiling of Memorial to the 4th Company 1st Bn. Bengal Artillery at the Residency.|
|1.115||• 29.11.1931. Postage rates to be increased. Opening of local Flying Club H.Q.|
|1.116||• 6.12.1931. Congress Party about to open new anti-government campaign. Elections to the Municipal Board.|
|1.117||• 14.12.1931. Distribution of money loaned to cultivators to buy seed etc. Week-end shoot, duck-shooting, as guest of the Governor, accommodation in Governor’s train. Probability of a Civil disobedience campaign. Large Investiture, honours for soldiers and civilians. A lively time expected politically. Comment on Gandhi.|
|1.118||• 20.12.1931. Work on the Gen. Admin. Report. Carol-singing.|
|1.119||• 27.12.1931. Christmas. Presents from Indians. Week crowded with dinner-parties, fancy-dress dance, tennis and polo. Charades.|
|1.120||• 3.1.1932. New Year military Parade. New Assistant Commissioner arrives, Hugh Stevenson. Gandhi arrested. Several Congress leaders in Lucknow arrested. Comment on political situation.|
|1.121||• 10.1.1932. Comment on Congress arrests.
• 13.1.1932.About 30 people arrested in city.
|1.122||• 17.1.1932. No action yet on H.A.N.B.’s application for transfer to the Political Department.|
|1.123||• 24.1.1932. Trial of Congress men.|
|1.124||• 31.1.1932. Civil Service Week – Races, polo, dances etc. ‘The Quaker Girl’ performed by the Railway Operatic Society. Changes of staff expected.|
|1.125||• 7.2.1932. Civil Service week – Government House Dance, over 650 invitations, including about 50 Indians. Fancy Dress Dance at the Club. I.C.S. Dinner. Governor’s depressing speech about the future of the 1.C.S. Another bomb thrown: more active agitators in prison. Mohammedan festival of Id. H.A.N.B’s servant presents him with a silk handkerchief.|
|1.126||• 14.2.1932. Opening of power-house for new Lucknow water supply. Dinner with General Hay, Commander of Lucknow District. Financial difficulties of the Civil Club; bitterness between Civil & Military Club. Mr. Harper succeeds Mr. Monro as Deputy Commissioner.|
|1.127||• 21.2.1932. • Moves to new quarters in the Imperial Bank of India House with Mr. Clemens, Manager of the Bank, and other friends. Writing of the Gen. Admin. Report nearly finished. No news of next appointment. Provincial budget announced, new taxation, probably abolition of many senior I.C.S. posts & less leave. Group system of voting, for extending the Franchise to those not qualified by literacy – a trial of the scheme in two villages.|
|1.128||• 28.2.1932. Remaining in Lucknow for the hot weather. Writing of Gen. Admin. Report finished.|
|1.129||• 6.3.1932. Trooping the Colour by the Punjabi Regiment. Takes on duties of colleague Langford, transferred to Cawnpore. Heavy litigation in view, before the Government increases the Court fees.|
|1.130||• 13.3.1932. Attends a propaganda meeting to explain Govt. policy to peasants.|
|1.132||• 27.3.1932. Comment on Political Service.|
|1.134||• 10.4.1932. Another bomb, outside the big European stores, one woman slightly injured.|
|1.135||• 17.4.1932. Mohammedan Festival of Bahhoid. Patrolling the city. The special Ordinances passed to deal with the Congress campaign lapsing shortly. Increase in political agitators.|
|1.136||• 24.4.1932. Economic situation in Calcutta. Court work. Amateur theatricals.|
|1.137||• Lucknow. Frequent dust storms.|
|1.138||• 8.5.1932. Gen. Admin. Report published.|
|1.139||• 15.5.1932. Mohammedan Festival of Muharram. Illuminations and processions; no troubles.|
|1.140||• 22.5.1932. Wedding of the son of a servant – the party in the compound starting at 11 p.m.|
|1.141||• 29.5.1932. Interesting Indian party, including a male dancer and male comedians – not usual.|
|1.142||• 5.6.1932. Presents Napoleon (his servant) with a driving-licence.|
|1.143||• 12.6.1932. Leaves for Simla, annual holiday. Exceptional heat. Four British soldiers die of heat-stroke.|
|1.144||• 19.6.1932. Simla. Interviews for possible entry into the Political Service – probably not before 1933, preferably after 6 months leave in England. Lunch with the Viceroy and Lady Willingdon.|
|1.145||• 26.6.1932. Simla. Lady Willingdon comments on possible assassination. Viceregal Ball.|
|1.146||• 3.7.1932. Lucknow. Death of senior British railway officer from cholera.|
|1.147||• 10.7.1932. More amateur theatricals, ‘Cable Manners’ by Clemens the Bank Manager, to be acted at Cawnpore.|
|1.148||• 17.7.1932. Theatricals in Cawnpore.|
|1.152||• 14.8.1932. An agricultural, public health and industrial exhibition to be held at Malihabad.|
|1.154||• 28.8.1932. Exhibition at Malihabad a great success.|
|1.157||• 18.9.1932. Lucknow. Amateur theatricals – another play by Clemens. Attends another execution.|
|1.158||• 25.9.1932. Naini Tal. Landslide dangers on the Naini Tal road after heavy rain.|
|1.159||• 1.10.1932. Attitude to application for transfer to the Political Service by the Governor of the Province.|
|I.160||• 9.10.1932. Lucknow. Clemens retiring; successor, Sherman. H.A.N.B. moving quarters.|
|1.161||• 15.10.1932. Failure of the early harvest, Government loan of money for seed; distribution is supervised by H.A.N.B.|
|1.162||• 23.10.1932. Concert organised by H.A.N.B. Another sketch by Clemens. H.A.N.B. moves quarters to the Lanes – a tent in their garden.|
|1.164||• 6.11.1932. Fear of possible bomb attacks or shooting during the Governor’s attendances at functions in Lucknow. No trouble occurred. (Letter unfinished. Death of H.A.N.B.’s mother. Sails for England from Bombay on 12.11.1932.)|