Archive / Papers / Holland, E.W. Papers


  1. Memoir of Life in I.C.S.:
    • Joins 1923, posted to Bengal. Record of first days, and first spell of duty, climate, people, work and organization of Civil Service. S.D.O. Serampore (Hooghly Div); Barrackpore – comment on industries and workers. Incidents and cases. D.M. of Dacca 1930. (See paper on Terrorism in Bengal 1930-35). Notes on dyarchy and hartals. Description. of dealing with Hindu Muslim riot.
    • Touring in riverine districts of East Bengal by Launch (Bankura). Transferred to Tippera as D.M. Notes on Maharajah of Tippera. Able to do some constructive work at Tippera: (1) with water hyacinth. (2) rural indebtedness – success of arbitration courts in this.
    • 1935 Silver Jubilee celebrations at Comilla.
    • 1936 Government of India Act: consequences and incidents. Profile of minister, Makunda Behary Mallick.
    • Transferred to Finance Dept. to devise method for levying a sales tax in Bengal – Profile of Minister, Mr. H.S. Suhrawardy.
    • Implementing sales-tax.
    • Bill passed 1941.
    • Dec. 1941 Viceroy pays his annual visit to Calcutta. Viceroy’s refusal to give party for poorer children. This done by Lady Mary Herbert, wife of the Governor.
    • 1942 Holland made Secretary in the Dept. of Public Health and Local Govt. In charge of Civil Defence.
    • 1942-43 eventful year in Calcutta. Income tax evasion case. Bengali Youth in war effort. First steps taken to deal with Calcutta beggars.
    • 1943 Bengal famine. Insight into Government hospital work.
    • 1944 Profile of Mr. Casey as Governor of Bengal.
    • 1945 Commissioner of Dacca Division. Profile of Sir Frederick and Lady Burrows. Comments on Partition, and Independence.
    • 1947 Chairman of Calcutta Improvement Trust. Description of ceremony on 15 August 1947, and subsequent events at Govt. House.
    • MS paper entitled¬†Terrorism in Bengal 1930-35: a personal reminiscence.
    • Memoir of time as Additional District Magistrate, Dacca, East Bengal, when Civil Disobedience campaign was at its height. Terrorist activities and police action. Transferred to Khulna district – civil disobedience there. Steadfastness and loyalty of Muslims, and Bengal civil services.
    • Example of peaceful method of dealing with demonstrations. Increase in murders. Khulna terrorist group preparing to murder Mr. Holland.
    • Returns after leave as District Magistrate to Bankura. Has a Gurkha battalion there whose cheerful example encourages people.
    • 1934 transferred as D.M. of Tippera district. Gradual change of attitude of people.